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MEMOIRS 



OF 



HER LATE MAJESTY, 



QUEEN CAROLINE, 



eonwtA 0t iting Q&eovqe t^t dTourtD* 



BY J. NIGHTINGALE, 

Ont of the Aifthors of «' the Beauties of England and Wales;* SfC. Sfc. 



The world had never taken so full note . 

Of what thoa art, hadst thou not been undone ; 

And only thy affliction hath begot 

More fame than tbj best fortunes could have done : 

For ever hy adversity are wrought. 

The greatest works of admiration ; 

And all the fair examples of renown. 

Out of distress and misery iCre grown. 

Daniel, on Wtiotkeili^ Earl of Southampton, 



VOL. I. 



Uoitliott: 

J. ROBINS AND CO. ALBION PRESS, IVY LANE, 

PATERNOSTER ROW. 



1821. 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



i 

CHAPTS& I. 

AncestorB qf ike Prmccis qf Wakt, and the kouae qf 



CHAPTfiK U. 

JEqrfy kuiory qf the Princeu CttroHne-^Her father^ $ 
Court — Anecdote qf an earfy attackment — 7%e prtn- 
oeet^t imntation to marriage with the Prince qf Wales 
— Leavci the Continent for England^ Arrivalin thi$ 
couniry^Marriage — Omgraiulatory addreeees •.•• IM^^^j^ 



CHAPTSR III. 



Rqoidngs^The Prince qf WakiU debte^His eettk- 
ment-^Debate in Parliament — Bill for fretfenting 
fiuure Princes qfWalcM going into deht^^The Prim- * 
cee^ejolniure-^Thc Prinee ^outra€t$ his household-^ 
Slanders against the Princess qfWales.^^.^.m 63^109.^ 



0HA9T]fi& IV. 

Birth of the Princess Charloue-^Addresses^The Prince 
*'jmts aiway his wife*' -^His great antipatfy to her — 



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lifis kuer qf separatum^Her answer^JTie King^s 

conduct <m kearir^ ike char^ against the Trineess — ^ 

The PHi$ctss " haves 'Cdfttm House^Vef pursuits in 

retirements-Beset bt/'spies^-^Account qf young Austin " 

— X>€poiiti&n$ vf the^ Princesses servants-^ Account qf 

tie Prihcess Ghartotte^*' Delicate investigatioft'* — " 

Poetry^^llie Princess Charlotte's servants dismissed 

hy the Prince^Regent-^Death qfthe /Vinaew.... .--.IW— IW. 



" The Book" — l^ady Douglas's statement — Investiga" 
* tion — William Cole^s statement — Sarah Bidgood*s — 
Frances Lloyd's^ Sir John Douglas's depositions^ 
Other depositions — Mary Wilson*^ — Samuel Roberts's 
— John Sicard^s — Charlotte Sander' s-rSophia Aus- 
tin* s-^Elizabeth Gor den's—Betty Townley's~-^I^dy 
^ Willoughby's^Tliomas Edrneades-^Mr. Mills — Har^ 
riet Fitzgerald— R. fiidgood—Sir F. Millmaor-^ 
Hester Lisle— Earl Chomondeley — Dttke qf Kent's 
' narrative— Report qf the Commissioners — Animad- 
versions — The Princess appeals to the King — Corre- 
spondence with Lord Erskine-'-THE PRINCESS'S 
DEFENCE 163—333. 



Remarks on the Princeet^s d^/ence^Letter to the King 
subsequent to the D^fhu»^Farther remonstrances with 
the King— Minute qf Council qf 1807 — Parliamentary 
proceedings on " The Book,** Sfc. — The Princess qf 
ff^ales*s letter to the Prvnce-^Letter to the House of 
Commons^^Cochrane Johnstone's motioif Proposals 



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io prosecute ihe^Dot^lofes^Sir John^ (Q^lifi^ 40 ,P^ . v .. . v 
Imumii/ — Anofher app^jo the Prince^Anoihfr pfi^: i v a,^ 
mnmicn — The Princess visits the Pper(hri^^tTt<itk^^.,j, 
I^rim»-^ T7te Princesses establishment'^Letter to Lord 
Idverpoolrrfusvng^thefuU^am madetoi^ • v 

^ Wales-^Corresponctence relative to her quitting tbis 
cwm^ry^Departure from Worthing^Her .«ft^,,j^.3^a--^. 



Arrived qf the Princess of Wales at Brunswiek^Milan 

^Napks^Kmg Murat-^Arrivai at Naples — Baron 

Bergam^Memoirs cf the Baron, written *fy himseff 

— Farther account qf Murat-^Spies discovered — The 

Prmceas^s English suite leave her-^Her ItaUan house- 

hold^The Countess Oldi^Ldeutenant Hbwnam — 

Comuess Pmo— OMto-^Dn Uolkmd^Fkmders— ^ 

Baron ^Omptedar^-Mamice Ored&^Correspcndcnce 

between Ompteda asuL Mr, Houmamr^Some account 

qf Owpteda-^Count Maceroni and Mr. ^tientin — 

The Princesses residence at Naples^Ruins qf Pompeii 

— Muscfim at Portici-^Murat's hust— Masquerade at 

Ntiple^The Princess's henevoUnce^Ber' enemies^ 

The Princess accused qf Catholicism^IUustrations 

qf her taste in the choice qf%erjdaces to travel /o-— 

Summary qf the places she. visited in tfte Holy Land, 

^c^^Her conduct in Asia and Africa^The ViUa 

^Este-^Letter qf the Princess (Markftte to her mother 

— Her deatk^MUan Commission-^Hon. Keppel Cra- 

venr^The Princess (now Queen) writes home^Kh^. 

George UVs death^The 2ueen*s name omitted in the 

Uturgif-^The Queei^s remonstrance against it^^Mr, 

Bros^n^m efpainied the SUteen's Attorn^^General, 

and* Mr^ Bqifuoi h^r Solidtor^Gener^d^I^tter 

from Geneva respecting the 2ueen^The 9ueen airrives 



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Page 

at St, Omer^s^Her progress towards Engiand^Lord 
Hutchirison^s disgrac^fid offer qf a bribe to the Queen 
rejected^ortespondence with ministers^Arrival in 
England^Pfogress to Londof^^Arrivee at Alder* 
man Wood^s house^Hadicah^Staie qf parties^ 
A Bueen*9 prerogaiives^Memoih qf Alderman Wood' 
--Letter qf the 'Qideen concerning the omission qf her 
tihrne in the Liturgy^Conduct qf foreign cotir/«»... 467—620. 



CHAPTER Vm. 

The King^s message to the two Houses^Debates^ 
The green bag laid on the tables qf the two H(ms»tf 
ParUament-^R^oidngs in the mdropoHs^Negotia^ > 
tions for a compromise^SeerH Committee appointed 
^Addresses to the Bueeft^Negoiiation broken qff^ 
Bill qf Pains aasd Penalties brought itt^Aty/ommmeni 
-^Indignation ^ the pMic agmnst~mimsiers^1%e 
BiU qf Pains and Ptnaliie$ lost tn ibe Houm 4^ 
Lords^RecapiMatian^^m^.^^^^^^^^„^^^,<m ^690-«7O6. 



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INTRODUCTION. 



TiBKAT it thowM be tboagfat umAiI and intereHing to 
psUisb Memoirs ef a SovereigD, wheoe i elgD beted otikf 
m few meolbs ; who, ia fbet^ nmret wee ore wod , aad who 
was not known amongel we more thaa fitw or- eix end 
twenty yean, ia a cJfeaaietMiqe thafc neeejeeitty euppeeta 
enaiiAiag of more tbaa ordinary iatereel» in the emnteof 
that So^ereign^e Hfa ami chanMMr^ Swiiy hdwevevi ie 
the eaee in tie loetavoewoii^ be&ire nm. 

Tfaaiifeof the leiteQvdeOy m a puUio pohit of ?lew, 
wae marked by emnti aad citeiimataooee fraught with 
the deefMot inteeee^ a* one liiae tlweetodng to himlf e 
eoneeqoeaoee of Ae faigheet ieifortanoe^ not osly to her 
own future welfare, but also to the happlneee, tliehoMQr^ 
and Ibe internal and eateraai tranqaiOity of theee realiie. 
Bat the hand of deatf^ euddenly arrested the pragrtia of 
these portentous antieipaf ioaS| and allayed^ tot a time at 
least, the fermentation whioh the almost ceaseleas per* 
secntioas of the Queen w^e so fearfully caloulated to 
produce. 

From the moment in which it was first contemplated, 
that a foreign Princess of the hoase of Brunswick ahonld 
form a matKmonial alliance wkh the heir-apparent of 
King Oeorge III., eyery thing that concerned the two 
royal personages became matter of deep importaaee to 
the goTernment and people of Great Britain. 

Happily for our liberties as Englishmen, we are not 
placed at such an Immeasurable distance from tba 
Monarch who, in the coarse of Dirine Proridence, may 
be raised to the Throne, but that we feel a paramount 
interest in all that the Monaroh may himself deem esaen- 

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IV 

tial to his oim honour and happiness. Ours is a mixed, 
not a divided goTcrnment, compounded of three estates^ 
but leading to one end ; the movements of each, by an 
approximation v^hioh nothing, can disunite' but what 
would destroy the gel|^ral form and texture of the whole, 
affeet every part* By a kind of reversed climax, formed 
in a period less enlightened and less happy than the pre- 
sent, and now continued in the spirit of courtesy, we say 
the British Constitution is composed of King, Lords, 
and Commons ; but we do not, therefore, infer, thai 
the Ring reigns or acts independent of the Lords, from 
whom are selected his responsible advisers ; nor thai 
those advisers hold their high trusts wholly apart from 
the general or the individual interests of the Commons, 
who are the representatives of the whole nation or people. 

We all live and act, or ought to do bo, as by one social 
compact ; as one great familj, bound by one great charter 
for the general good of all ; but if there is an individual 
more limited in regard to his public, and, in many re- 
spects, even as to his private notions, than another, that 
individual is the King. 

If this principle of union has in any case been infringed, 
it has been invaded in direct opposition to the letter and 
spurit of the Constitution itself ; which, in its present 
state, knows nothing of the old ma^im of jure divino. I 
speak of the government of this country as it really is in 
itself ; and not what either the corrupt influence of some 
mistaken governors, or the enthusiastic reveries of a de- 
moeratical spirit, may have attempted to make it. 

Let it not, however, be hence inferred, that because I 
thus speak, I am supposing that any inroads of magnitude 
have in ikct been made on our excellent Constitution. I 
allude to the nature of that Constitution merely to justify 
the proceedings of those individuiils, of whatever rank in 
the state, who may take a public part in whatever con- 
cerns the great afiairs of the King or Queen, who reign 
by their choice, and for their benefit. 

This doctrine has a peculiar applicability to the house 



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of Bfonswick. The principles that raised the fkanily of 
that illastrioas hoose to the throne of thifi kingdoon, are 
those only by which they can hope to maintain that high 
station ; and it is §^rateful to hLnow, that we have a King 
who can appreciate those principles, who recognises their 
authority, and has manifested an interest in their |ireser« 
Tation. He imbibed them with the milk of his mother— « 
they were fostered by the example of his yirtuons falher-— 
they were strengthened by his earliest associates — and 
matured by years of experience. N^Ter have these prin-* 
ciples, in the most remote degree, been overlooked or 
misunderstood, but the backsfiding has boei) checked by 
the public voice, and the error restrained by an instan- 
taneous threat of irremediable danger to those from whom 
such aberrations have emanated. 

To preserve these principles of rational liberty from 
danger, the Revolution of 1688 provided the most jusi 
and wholesome laws, not indeed as regarded the Pro- 
testant succession, but with a view to every branch of our 
civil polity; and our union with the house of Brunswick 
appeared eminently calculated to strengthen and cement 
every sentiment of freedom that Qould best promote the 
happiness of the community at large. 

The marriages of the apparent or the presumptive heirs 
to the Crown have, ever since that period, been watched 
with a most jealous and scrutinizing eye by the public ; 
bimI, for the most part, they have been negotiated and 
solemnised in perfect unison with the popular feeling. 
Hence, whatever has, at any time, worn the appearance 
of laxity in regard to the public duties attached to royal 
marriages, so sanctioned by the voice of the nation, has 
never failed to rouse the public indignatioD. The people 
have no m^ans of controling pei^onal dislikes or indi- 
vidual antipathies, nor of preventing those domestic ani- 
mosities which such feelings naturally engender within ^ 
the walls of a palace, as well as amongst individuals of 
humbler rank; but they never will paticotly submit to 
witness what they may deem an infringement of public 



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VI 

deoorum, and still less wiH they witness, UDeaaoarnf^, 
what has the appearance of tyranny and iiQiMtioe, espe- 
etally when such conduct is direeted a^inst the bononv 
and the reputation of a fenoiale of the Royal Family. 

Qoeens of England are, by right, just as much entitled 
to the loyalty and affection of ttie people as Kings^ and it is 
impossilde that any indignity should be oflfered, either ap« 
parently«or in reality, without, bringing into action every 
loyal feeling of indignation, and exciting the warroept sen-- 
timents of sympathy and regard, accompanied with the 
most determined resolution to offer every protection which 
the laws of the land, and tlie affections of the people^ can 
afford. 

Englishmen, however, are not so romanlioaUy gallant 
towards their Queens as to forget their allegianee to tbeif 
Kings ; and we have not wanted instances in whaeh they 
have manifested fully as muoh indignation against the 
former as attachment for the latter. The same genertius 
spirit wbieh would prompt them to defend the ansuked 
innocence of the one, would also urge them, with e<|ual 
ardour, to maintain the insulted honour of the other* 

Thus it is, that, in respect to the subject which forms 
so prominent a feature of the ensuing work, two parties 
were formed in the country : the one professing to have a 
jealous regard for the honour and dignity of the King^ 
and the other as warmly espousing the oause of the Queen', 
between whom, it is lamentable to obserfe, a mostaerioas 
misunderstanding existed to the dying hour of the latter. 

It were, however, insulting to the reader, and tending 
to mislead the future historian of England, who will, 
doubtless, have recourse to the publications of the present 
day, to assert that the King*s party ([ regret the necessity 
of the phrase) bore an^ moderate proportion, in point of 
numbers, to that of the Queen. From one end of the land 
to the other, there was scarcely any other cry heard but 
'< The Cause of the Queen !'' '< The Rights of the beloved 
and injured (yaroline !'' 

Can it, therefore, be a matter of surprise, that the 



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public should moBi ^araestly md eagerly inquire into 
tlie partioiilars of ike Life of 8o illiistrious a persoiia|;e 
as her lale Majei^y, the Cooeort of King George IV. ? 
the feeling is natural, the ouriQsity intenae ami irreaitir 
ihle : to gratify it, the Author of thia work haa nvaiM 
hifldself of every poas^le aaeaoa of ioformataoB, pubUo and 
private :~He has bad opportuniliea of oonfening ffitfi 
thoae who have been the witneaaes of her Mtgeat^'a coa«» 
duct ; who have been so fiir iu her confidence, aa to obtaiu 
the means of appreciating her real obaraoler, as weU as of 
aoquiriog a IcnowMge of jMifiierous facta of her history^ 
To these private soucoes of iufbnnatiott he has added the 
closest attettlion to whatever authentic doeumeuts have 
beeo laid before the public. 

There is nn abundant sufficiency of Initfa in the eveola 
•f the late Queea'9 /^hec^ered life, without calling Jo the 
md of fiction, to give interest to a work such as is now 
offered to the public ; f<id the reader may rest asaured 
that no facA or oirQumstaoQe, oouueeted with the subject 
of 4bese Memoirs, has transpired unrecorded, whilst the 
Author has careftitty abttahied from giving credence to 
those mports and rusMNirs which have nothing to reeom* 
mend them but their marveUous character ; and nothu^ to 
cogage the Header's interest, hut their forced and fiibu«- 
loua Itttfodaetiei] into a sutpect pregnant with events of 
deep and serious import, net otily to readers of the pre<- 
sent day, but also to those who may hereafter have oooa«> 
sien to reniew the history of our country, during a period 
when ehnest every dny broeght to light otrcumstfloees of 
the greeteat magnitude ; when the destinies of nations 
appeared to hang :npon a breath ; and ancient dynasties 
were removed with iilmdst aB much facility and rapidity 
fts, in ordiflnry titnes, men make an interehange of their 
feapeel^e landed pessessions. 

These iKldmotoe eaabfaoe a period of about ftfty^ttnree 
or four years ; but ^e most interesting portion of that 
lime is 4indoubtedly to be foMMl in the last -seven-and- 
twenty, wh«u the itfuflirfiua and now deqdy-lanmited 

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subject of them was first introduced to the particular 
notice of the people of England, by her unfortunate 
marriage with his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, 
now King George IV. A single year had not elapsed, 
after that event had taken place, ere commenced that 
unhappy breach between the Royal pair which laid the 
foundation of a very considerable portion of the curious. 
an4 interesting, though, for the most part, truly afflicting, 
circumstances recorded in the ensuing pages. 
. Charges of the most serious and awful nature were 
subsequently alleged against her Royal Highness; 
charges which went, not only to ctfect her honour, but 
faer life; and though these were more than once une- 
quivocally disproved, a stain was attempted to be left 
upon her character, as a person of loose conversation, and 
unwarrantable levity of manners ; and this stigma was 
marked and exaggerated by the whisperers and retailers 
of scandal in a thousand forms, and with the most malig- 
nant asperity. It never occurred to the enemies of the 
illustrious Princess, that her education and early habits 
were, in many points, essentially diflferent from those of 
their own; nor that, what in this country would be 
deemed a mark of great levity, would pass unnoticed, or 
as the effects of good breeding, on the Continent. No 
allowances of this nature appeared to have been made 
for her Royal Highness by her accusers. It will, there- 
fore, form an early portion of the follovring work, to in« 
quire into the history and character of the Court in which 
her Royal Highness was educated ; and of those asso- 
ciations which laid the foundation of her future character; 
and moulded and fashioned heir, not only, as Mr. Canning 
aptly expressed it, to be the life, grace^ and honour of 
-every society she chose ta ennoble by her presence, but 
also to become that open, unpretending, unsuapecting 
character she actually was, and wkieh was long the main 
cause of many of her numerous calftmities. 

■' After having delineated the principal features of tb« 
Court of the late Duke of Brunswick, and theinfluenot 



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IX 

wkieb socb an. educftlion and example were likely to have, 
in Ih^ formation of the young Princess's character, I shall 
proceed to notice some of the most remarkable, well au* 
theniicated ^anecdotes, of which her Royal Highness 
foriQed the subject, and which have a tUrect tendency to 
exUbil her real character in its true light. 

The early pursuits and attachments of an amiable and 
Tirtootts female have in them always a considerable por- 
tion of interest ; but it is seldom in the power of a third 
person to ascertain the exact truth of what is usually 
related concerning the transactions connected with those 
associations. I can honestly aver, however, that I have 
employed every means, and resorted to every possible 
somree, to ascertain the truth of whatever is related in 
the enstting Memoirs : more anxious to afford the reader 
iraluable iDformation than to aciinire the reputation of a 
writer of romances, and the retailer of marvellous events, 
merely to gratify a vitiated taste and an inordinate 
curiosity. What is inserted in these Memoirs the reader, 
I believe, may rely upon as fact ; and if he should not 
there find eyery extraordinary anecdote, or every mimite 
story, related, which tA dealers in scandal, or the ad- 
mirers of the wonderful, have given birth to, and which 
the cupidity of certain lovers of these matters has sent 
forth into the world as undoubted events in the life of 
Queen Caroline, he may rest assured, that the cause is to 
be sought in the Author's determination to afibrd real in- 
ibrmation rather than fictitious wonders. 

From the early history of the late Princess, I shall pro- 
ceed to notice every event connected with her Royal 
Highnesses alliance to this country ; and shall then detail 
an those remarkable events which led to what has been 
emphatically oi^ed The Delicate Invesiigationy and pro- 
duced that singular publication called " The Book^^* from 
vrhich whatever is really worth noticing will be amply 
extracted and conomented upon. 

From that period to the time of her Royal Highnesses 
departure from this country, sufficiently numerous were 



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ibeefeuts tktt took plMe to albrd w interMtiiig (Mrtion 
of the present Tolumes; and from tbenee, during her 
residence and travels abroad, the moat aoftple materiala 
are furnished to her biographer. 

The return of ber Miyesty to Englandi wd ibe legis- 
lative proceedings coasequent tbereupou, op^n a wide 
fitfbl for eurious detail aud iotestigatien. The Bill of 
Degradation and Divorce, called ** a Bill of Pains and 
Penalties/' brought into the House of Peers, wiih its 
progress and result, afford topics of the highest interest 
to the empire. 

When the determined enemies of the late Queen bad 
completely failed in their object to decade and dethrone 
ber^ and her tooooence was again declared to the world 
by the faihure of the obnoxious Bill of Pains and Penalties, 
a new sysism of persecution was resorted to ; by the te<- 
oouragcniei^t, if not even the actual employment, of a 
number of sordid and .malignant public writers, to vilify, 
flpdumnlAte, and wound her M^jesly's feelings and cha-r 
raster, by every vreapon which a eorrupi and licentious 
presfei could wield ; md the forging of every dtabolioal 
fillsehopd which the most depratM and fertile imagination 
Coiild devise. 

The details of this war of* the press against Queen 
Caroline form a neoessary though painful portion, of 
this work ; nor cgUld the disgraoeful measures pur- 
sued towards her, at the coronation of her Hoyal hus* 
band, but afford matter fbr^much important observation. 

Lastly comes the winding up of ttiis deep and fearful 
tragtady-^tbe triumph of malevolenoe'-^be completion of 
a system of perseoution, ss diabolical in its commencement 
as it was resolute in the pursuit of its object ; and as fatal 
' in kn eflfects, if not as extensive in its immediate opera- 
tions, M eter y^rt disgitteed the annals df history :— The 
death of the Queen, who at length fell a sacriAoe to the 
reiterated attacks of her foes, closed the already beclouded 
s^seae^ The ouriain dropped amidst the lamentations of 
every good man and wpman in the eonntry, whilst the 



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XI 

Qtttoeii'tf eMfliiM stMd agkaat, at the •oddenneis ef the 
e^ent^ and as if dkmppointed Ibtt their prey had etaaped 
from their graap, ere their ibaligaily had beea aatialed 
by the aew mortificatieaa which they had, aa they ima-> 
gised, preTided far her Miyaaty, in the eiroiunstanee of 
her huabaad's parade tbroagh hia dowioiona, flattered 
and fiiwoed qpos as^Mhe earthly Lord of the Oeeao/' 
aa they foolMbly eailad him, whiht his iosulled wife waa 
deaerted by abnost every braaah ef her httfiband^s iiunily, 
aod by the whole of his gaudy ooorU 

The aaiat-like death, and the oiroumstaaoed of her 
faneral obeequtea, furniah loacter far OHioh aoleam de^ 
tan ; a#i4 naturally eoochide the pr^ent volomas. 

In the delineation aad diacusaion of these several ini*. 
pi>rtaiit subjeoU, others iotiiiMUely coaoeeted therewith 
wiU naturally §^ wilhto the scope ef our obserratioo* It 
would not be possible^ with any decree of eowwttwey or 
l^opriety, to lay before the poblic the Life of the late 
Qaeen, wiiboat dwdltag with poneidfrahle ioteresi ea 
that of ber loost exo^lentt end qniveraaliy heloyed^ and 
lamented 4augbler, her lateRoTAL Hiajpiva^s, CBAELorra, 
Paiaca^a o^ Sau C^^ae, a Ptriacesa, the period ef 
whose abort e^^latepce in tlus transitory stale tf being ww 
early narbedby ao^etiee of no ordinary character ; wboae 
esgoynieoi9 were greatly i^ibittered by the donswtid db* 
tresses of ber Royal J^Pther, 6oflQ the soelety of whom 
she was, during a very greet portion of her life, enthreiy 
excluded, by an authority which, at no period, she could, 
with propriety, control or disobey. > 

Indeed, the aflBictions of the iQoi^en, and those of her 
child, w€9re as inuttts) and $s sympatbatioal aa thcjr 
affaetiona were reoiproeal: never pareoat loved a obild 
with gneater patjarnal affectioii, iier did ever child mani- 
feat, op all possible occasions, a j^oore acdtat and sipcer^ 
Ali^ regiurd for a parent.: pity it was, that so much good- 
a^se, apd so muich duty, should have been robbed of thof^ 
awe«9t8, aad of thpse teiider* personal endearo^e^t^, which 
are the fruits and rewards of virtaes like these ! But 
who can fathom the depths of Providence? Who c^n 

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discover the myiitertous desig^nsof Etermri Wwdom ? 
Or will dare to contend with Him <^who hn perfect in 
knowledge ?" Had the amiable but undaunted spirit of 
Charlotte continued to animate her once beauteous 
form ; had she lived to have witnessed the return of her 
self-expatriated Mother ;-^had she heard her earnest and 
repeated appeals to the justice of -the laws — her claims, 
at leasts to the common rights of Royal hospitality — Had 
she se^ her driven, in a manner, for shelter to the dwell- 
ing of a plain city merchant, after having been denied a 
place of residtooe suited to her exalted station — Had she 
lived to have heard it a point to be mooted, not by lawyers 
only ; but by others less accustomed to consider every 
topic as a questic^n of legal argumentation, whether or 
not her affectionate Parent had acted with propriety in 
once more demanding to be treated as an innocent person 
till her guilt had been demonstrated— Had sh^e heard the 
sentence of acquittal ; yet lived to see the continuation 
of punishment — Had she, finally, been here, to have 
closed the eyes of her adored mother, at a time when she 
wasT deserted by every other relation — Had, I say, Chat 
intrepid and virtuous Princess been living to have heard 
and seen all this, it is impossible to conceive what might 
have beenr the consequence. That she would not have 
beheld aftd known these facts and drcumstanoes with 
unconcern, or have remained a passive observer of so 
much degradation and insult, those who knew the nobility 
of her soul«-the inflexibility of her love of justice— the 
warmth of her filial Affection, will readily admit. 

If, therefore, during the'life-time of the late Queen, it 
was deemed of importance to publish biographical details 
of her history, how much more proper and expedient is it, 
now that she is no more, to lay before the world the nar- 
rative of her most eventful life ! And, oh ! what a scene 
of sufiering— what a picture of oppression — is here exhi- 
bited. A princess, born of a race glorious in history, 
and renowned in the annals of Europe for deeds of arms, 
and the high spirit of its illustrious members, is raised to 
the highest station to which a British female can be 

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Yin 

ex^ed, yet denied a participation in those re|^al honoMrs 
to which she was so eroiuently calculated to give addi- 
tional lustre — Expectations of the mosV animating pature 
are ezeited — Hopes the most cheering are raised — Pros- 
pects the most brilliant are opened before her — ^Youog, 
boojaot, cheerful) and confiding, tbe amiable Princess, 
CaioliiM of Brunswick, sailed for England to become the 
wife of Britain's Heir-apparent, — with a project of 
even aacending the throne of the greatest, nation .^i 
Europe — But, alas! one short month had not passed 
ttfiter her arriml in this country ere 9he began to tfiste 
the bitter fruits of disappointment — Soon did she discover 
that har huabaad'a " inclmatioos'', were at war mih their 
DHitiial happiness — She gave him a child ; but this bond 
•f union was, also, speedily broken«-The beloved Princess 
Charlotte waa snatched from her mother^s arms ; and the 
mother herself became an exile and a wanderer over more 
than half of the oiviUzed globe. At length the period 
arrived, when the death of her great protector, and royal 
father-in-law, rendered it necessary that she should re- 
tiini«ii»to claim her rights as Queen, and rescue her cha- 
racter from inbroy. She implored justice— she invoked 
the lavn of her adopted country — but justice was denied 
her — and the laws were insulted in her royal person — she 
cried ngain and again for justice, after her innocence had 
been proved; but the. blind deity saw not her supplicating 
posture ; and the scales were held by an unsteady hand. 
At length this illustrious sufferer sunk beneath the weight 
of oppression ; and died of a broken heart, lamented by 
the whole nation. 

Such are the general outlines of the following volumes : 
that they are rich in important events I need not inform 
the intdligent reader : that they should be related with 
candour and impartiality I owe it to my own character, 
aa a writer not altogether unknown to the public, and to 
my own conscience as a faithful historian. 

And here I may be permitted to remark, that in review- 
UDig the Life and Character of her late most gracious 
Majeaty, the Queen ; and in remarking on the numerous 

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^ XIV 

eircumfiiattces •f the unhappy mkuncfentandiiig between 
her and the Ktng^, whatever jHrivate opinioDs I may Texture 
to divulge on thia aubjeet, I ought not^ io fairnets, to be 
charged with any poKtical hiaa whatever. This qoeetiott. 
as it appears temy miiid, has nothing to do with the party 
politics of the day : it^ia a «iaq»le cpieatlon of right «id 
justice : a question, bovvaver, which invoiveathe nwralityy 
the feeling, and the bappinesa of the people at large ; and, 
whatever may be said of the Author's political bpinioas, 
he has not hesitated to express hiaraelf o» the vaiioiBs 
facts and conflictiDg testhnoaies that have oome before 
Mm with all tlie freedMt that becamea an honest man, 
and all the truth that ought to ioilaence a eaadid ffecorder 
of important events. If> ia the pecformaiuie of this dwty, 
he should have given offsooe to these who thiak, that 
whatever relates to the royal &mily must necessarily be- 
come a point to he mooted by polemical politietans, he Ins 
onlyio say that his object baa been, rattier to pravani and 
aVay, than to create aagry feelings ; but be arast oaadidly 
aaserti in theoataet,.that, as far as his present infisrmation 
and feelings lead him to conclude, he aeea little Ao^eoBn^ 
^end in the spirit and conduct of the late Queen's ac^ 
cosers ; and much to admire in the intrepidity, the noble 
daring, the bold and inflexible appeals to the jwstiee of 
the nation, manifested by the Queen to the vtery hour of 
her death. If the following sheets, therefore, appear to 
advocate the Queen's cause, it is bepause (he Author 
has the firmest conviction that ber^s was the cause jof 
truth, of justice, and of sound morality ; and thpit her 
opponents, without charging them with any thing lilce 
wilfcd tyranny, or a desire to irample on the sacred rights 
and obligations of honour, or the feelings and intenesta of 
an aflSiicted, because an f^pressed female, were, he ia fully 
persuaded, most egpregfously mistaken;; and wfaibtibey 
imagined, that, in lending their ears te reporta against 
the Queen, they were supporting the honour and digaity 
of the King, tliey fell into an enror from which they will 
not very speedily be extricated. 
London^ August, 16BI. 

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MEMOIRS 
OF HER LATE MAJESTY, 

aUEBN CAROLINE. 



CHAPXBB I. 



Yf^iJA^iAM, of Lunenburg^ the youngest of the 
four sons of the pious Prince, Ernestas, the first of 
the illustrious bouse of^ Brunswick, who embraced 
the Protestant religion, fiumded the line from 
whence sprang the present royal faoiily of Great 
Britain. His father has been described as not only 
the first Protestant of his house, but as the proge- 
nitor of all the princes of. that house now existing 
in Europe* 

WiHiam himself, closely following the example 
of his excellent parent, justly obtained the epithets 
of the Piouss the Just, and the Pacific, than which 
it is difficuft to conceive titles more honourable^ or 
more worthy of a man's ambition. He died in the 
year 1A92, leaving behind him, by his Princess, 
Dorothy, t|aughter of Christtan IH. King of Den« 
mark, fifteen children j viz. seven sons and eigh( 
daughters. The names of the former were Ernest^ 
Christian, Aogusltus, Frederick, Magnus, George, 
and John, 



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16 

These princes astonished all Europe, and even 
excited the particular admiration of Achmet, the 
Turkish Emperor, by one of the most extraor- 
dinary determinations that perhaps ever before 
entered the imagination of any number of men, 
circumstanced as these were. They unanimously 
resolved that but one of them should enter into the 
marriage state, in order, as they said^ that they 
might the better maintain the splendour and dig- 
nity of their house. It was also agreed, that the 
oldest should, in the first instance, have the sole 
regency of the Lunenburg dominions, and that he 
should be succeeded by the next surviving brother. 

Having formed this determination, they drew 
lots who should first have the honour of the matri- 
monial contract, when the lot falling on Prince 
George, the sixth brother, he immediately married, 
and continued the line. He was succeeded by the 
four eldest in succession ; but the other three died 
before their turn to reign came. 
» George greatly distinguished himself under his 
brother, in the German wars. He married Ann 
Eleanor, daughter of Lewis V. Landgrave of 
Hesse-Darmstadt, by whom he had several sons 
and daughters. Of the former, the most distin- 
guished in the history of the times in which he 
lived, was George William, Duke of Zelie, who 
succeded his brother. Christian Lewis, in the prin- 
cipalities of Zelle and Grubenhagen, having pre- 
viously been in possession of those of Calenberg 
and Gottingen. 



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17. 

This Duke was much caressed by William, 
Prince of Orang^e, and is said, to have been one/ of 
the most accomplished and valiant princes in all 
Europe. Even after the Prince of Orange came 
to the throne of Great Britain, under the title of 
William III. he consulted Prince Georg^e William 
on several memorable occasions. He died August 
28tfa, 1705, in the 82d year of his age, leaving only 
one daughter, Sdphia Dorothy, who afterwards 
married her cousin, George Lewis, Elector of 
Brunswick-Lunenburg, subsequently Geoi^e I. 
King of Great Britain. This prince inherited bis 
father's German dominions, and was the fint of 
this illustrious fa^miiy who ascended the British 
throne. 

Ernest Augustus, was the youngest son of 
George, the above named son of William the Pious, 
of Lunenburg. He was a prince of distinguished 
talents and learning, and, by the treaty of West- 
phalia^ became the. secular Bishop of Osnaburg. 
In the year 1692, agreeably to a decision of the 
diet of Augsburg, held three ye%rs before, the great 
merit of this prince procured for him the title of 
an Elector of the Roman radipire.. He erected a 
splendid palace at Osnaburg at his own expense ; 
Imt, on the death of his brother, Jolm Frederick, 
he fixed his residence at Hanover, where he esta* 
blished many wise and wholesome regubitions, 
and rendered numerous services to the empire- 
He married Sophia, youngest daughter of Fre- 
derick, Elector-palatine and King of Bohemia, by 



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18 

Btizdbefchy aa\y dang^hter of James I. of Eoglancl 
and VI. of Scotland, By this marriagse the crown 
of Gteeat Britain was confirmed to his descendants, 
and a connection was formed between the two 
houses of Brunswick and of Stuart, whi^ termi* 
sated in the final settlement of the former. The 
kttt branch, in the direct line, of the Stuart family^ 
, Henry Benedict Maria Clement, Cardinal York, 
calling himself Henry IX. King of England, died 
at Rome, August 31, 1807, after having, during a 
few years, enjoyed a pension of 40002. per annum, 
generously granted to him by our late venerable 
monarch, George III., an instance of liberality 
perhaps never before witnessed, considering the 
few years that had elapsed, since the cardinal, on 
the death of his brother, Charles, had caused medals 
to be struck, bearing on their face bis head^ with 
the motto^ ** HsN&icus nonus An^jjm Akx j'' 
on the reverse, a city, with ^' Gratia Dei, s&b 
KON VOI.UNTATB HoMiNUM :'' Hmfy IX. Kim 
of England^ by '^ grace rf God, but iu>t hy the 
fvUlo/Mant 

Ernest Augustus died in t^e year t698, and was 
succeeded by his 9fm George Lewis, Elector of 
Hanover, wlx^ as aln^ady inthnated, oi^ the dea|h 
of Queen Anne, in 1714, agreeably to the act of 
Setti ment and Sucoession, made in the reign of 
William III. ascended the throne of England, by 
the title of Gkorge I. He was then in the fifty- 
fifth year of bis age; and he reigned till he had 
attained his sixty-eighth. During nearly the whole 



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19 

of these thitteeti years, the cduiltry was greatly 

difltracted by internal factron and elternal wmf". 

He was faiaiaelf well skilled in the use of arms, 

twring sei'red during three campaigns in tlie wars 

against the Turks ; neither was he deficient as i 

atatesman and ft governor. Indeed, on several 

occMlona ht maniiiested a tery g'r^at degree of wis^ 

dom and sugftcity* During his negotiations with 

Hid British tmtt before the death of ^oeeil Ant^e, 

lie displayed oonsiderilbte skill; atid throaj^hout 

Hie ^»lM>le of his reign the same ]penetrttting minid 

Wta tsMiftpituous^ Whig principles, bf whith hk 

iirastbe zealoni^ und the eonstatit adv6cat^^ led kiiiti 

wiilbrtilly td support the dootiihes itnd the mea- 

MMS most favourable to civil itnd rtfigiotm liberty, 

irtiieh he rt^nrded as the ifialienabie ri^i of 

mankindi Lest tenacsoas of bis own prerogatire 

than of the rights aiid privileges of hie tabjeiits, 

M he never mede Any attacks upon the latter^ too 

ObCrtaehments were ever attempted upon the 

formelr. 

He died at Oftiaburg in thd ISth year of his 
reign, alid wet succeeded by his son^ George II. 
If ho pursued the same liberal line of general policy 
in his government. He lift also a daughter, whb 
afterwards became Qteen of Prussia, and died at 
the castle of Ahlen, in the electohite df Bruns- 
wick, where she had been coefined for several 
years. 

Cleorgell. raahried Wilhelmina Caroline, daugh- 
c 2 



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20 

ter of John Frederick, Marquis of Brandenburgh 
Anspach. She had issue four sons and five daugh- 
ters. Frederick Lewis, the eldest son, Mas after- 
wards father of our late lamented and excellent 
King, George IIT. 

It were an unnecessary extension of this part of 
the subject to detail the various circumstances 
attendant on the very bitter and lasting animosity 
which George II. manifested towards the Prince of 
Wales, and through him to his wife the Princess, 
during a long period, before and after the birth of 
his Royal Highnesses son, George Augustus, our 
late King. For some cause or other, never pub- 
licly known, the Prince and Princess of Wales were 
diAven from the royal presence, and were com- 
pelled to live in private. Their residence, for some 
time, was in a private house in Leicester Fields. 
They afterwards took up their residence at Norfolk 
House, St. James's Square, where, however, they 
were still pursued with a severity only exceeded or 
equalled by certain recent proceedings, where a 
husband visited the wife of his bosom with a 
similar degree of punishment to that which was 
inflicted by a father on the child of his loins. In 
both cases alluded to there are so many striking 
and painful coincidences, that it is impossible to 
peruse the history of those times without instantly 
turning one's attention to facts of a much later 
date. No guard of honour being allowed to the 
disgraced Frederick Lewis and his afflicted Prin- 



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21 

ces8» ga?e rise to the following lines, which ap- 
peared ID the London Magazine for Jane 1739 : 

Some I have heard who tpeak this wtih abase : 
" Guards should attend as well the prince as dake ; 
•' Guards should protect from insult Britain's heir, 
'* Who greatly merits all the nation's care:'' 
Pleas'd with the honest zeal they thus express, 
I tell them what each statesman must confess; 
No guard so strong, so noble, e'er can prove. 
As that which F— — k has — the People's lave. 

The sagacious reader will not require to be told, 
that a very slight change in the above lines would 
render them not very inapplicable to some circum- 
stances of our own day. 

The stern, but virtuous George II. died at Ken- 
sington, on the 25th of October, 1760| and was 
succeeded by his grandson, George Augustus, our 
late sovereign, whose father, the Prince of Wales, 
had departed this life on the 20th of March, in the 
year 1760. 

It is not necessary to the facts of this history, 
that we proceed any farther in the details of those - 
circamstances, which immediately concern the in- 
troduction of the male branch of the House of 
Brunswick into this country ; but we should leave 
this part of the Queen's life mainly defective, were 
we to pass unnoticed her connection on the female 
side, with King George lY. 

In narrating this part of her late Majesty's Life, 
it will be necessary to go more at length, than we 
have hitherto done, into the facts of her early his- 
tory, and into that of the family and court in which 



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22 

she teas bom and educated. It is not, however, 
my intention here to g'o so far back into the history 
of the House of Brunswick a« I have already done ; 
but shall confine myself to that portion of it which 
have an immediate and direct connection with the 
personal history of the illustrious and unfortunate 
subject of these Memoirs. 

Charles, Duke of Brunswick, had issue by his 
Princess, Phillipina, Charles. William Ferdinand, 
hiereditary Prince of Brunswick Wolfenbuttle, was 
bom October the 9th, 1735, and married in London, 
January 16th, 1704, to the Princess Augusta, eldest 
sister of his Majesty Georg-e III. Of these illus- 
trious parents was bom her late most gracious 
Majesty Queen Caroline, niece to King George III. 
and first cousin to King George IV. 

Were it necessary we might show, that her 
Majesty descended from a long and most illustrious 
race of ancestors, and that she stood connected, at 
the time of 'her unhappy marriage, with some of 
the most ancient royal families of £urope. 

The court of his Serene Highness, the Duke of 
Branswick, at and long after the birth of Camline, 
was the seat of much ducal grandeur ; and is said 
to have been the resort of almost all those brave 
and gallant officers who have signalized themselves 
in the wars of Europe; and whose successes in 
arms, before the arrest of their career of glory, by 
the devastating power and superior force of the 
late Napoleon Bonaparte, had inspired them with 
sentiments of a noble and generous pride. To thift 



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court, al»» numerous foreigners of dirtiiictioD were 
known to resort ; hence it beoune the almost con* 
stant scene of festii^y and plessare-^^he rallying 
point of gaiety and fashion. 

This general intereonrse with many of the most 
fasdnating and intelligent persons of all the sur* 
roondii^ nations, had a nataral tendency to remove, 
io a great degree, the sedate and sombre ciiaraeter 
of those Grermans who were the constant witnesses 
and partakers of the amosements and festivities for 
wkicb the ducal oonn of Bronswiok was superemi- 
nently conspieaona. 

In such a aekool as this it was natnral that a 
mind, already buoyant and elastte; and a heart, 
whose original and native character was that of 
frankneas and unresarvedness, shonld be moalded 
into forms not easily changed, when, in after life, 
they should come to be exposed to the broad gaze 
of the world, and shonld come, also, under the 
review and scrutinizing eye of persons in other 
coantriest and born under other auspices, whose 
real or affected notions of what th^ eaH propriety 
and deoonun, lead them to condemn whatever they 
da not understand, mid treat with disdain whatever 
they are incapable of appreciating. 

Bnt wo will proceed to give some further account 
nf the imnadtate relatives of her Majesty, and of 
tbeii: history piior to her first coming to England. 

Chftfles WiUiam Ferdinand, Duko of Brans- 
wiek WolfcMHittle, already mentioned, had issue, 
by hiaPrineesa Augusta, first, Charlotte Georgiana 



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24 

Augusta, born December the 3d, 1764, and mar- 
ried October the 11th, 1780, to Frederick Wiiliam, 
Prince of Wirtemburg-Stutgard, afterwards Duke 
of Wirtemburg-Stutgard, to whom she bore two 
sons and a daughter. After her decease, the Duke 
married his second wife, Charlotte, Princess-royal 
of Great Britain, now Queen of Wirtemburg; 
Bonaparte having raised the dukedom to a king- 
dom. 

Second : Charles Greorge Augustus, Duke of 
Brunswick Wolfenbuttle, born February the 8th, 
1766, married October the 14th, 1790, to the Prin- 
cess Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina, daughter of 
William Y. Stadtholder. 

Third : Ca&ojline Ameua Elizabeth, late 
Queen-consort of King George IV. born May the 
17th, 1768. Died August 8th, 1821, in the 54th 
year of her age. 

Fourth : George William Christian, born June 
the 27th, 1760. 

Fifth: William Frederick, born October the 
9th, 1771; and 

Sixth : Leopold, of whose melancholy death the 
Ley den Gazette of 1785, gives the following par- 
ticulars : 

*^ We have, within these few days, experienced 
the greatest calamities, by the overflowing of the 
Oder, which burst its banks in several places, and 
carried away houses, bridges, and every thing that 
opposed its course. Numbers of people lost their 
lives in this rapid inundation -, but of all the acci- 



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S5 

AMtt arisAng frdm it, none virau sd g^enerally 
Ifiittentdd as tb« di^Kth of th^ gootf Prince Leopold 
of Brunswick. This ainiaUe ^sotHLge, standing, 
at tlD6 side of the river, a woman threw herself at 
Iris feet, beseeching him to give orMrs for sonnl 
peraons to go to the rescue of" hef <ihildren, WhofOi 
tewildered- by tfa^ sudden dfiinger,' she had left 
bdiitid h^ in llie hon^e. Some soldiers who wer^ 
also in the same plaoe wene crying for help. 

iT&e Friiice endeavoured to procdre a flat*bot-> 
tomed boat, btit no oiMi could be found to ventutie 
ftcrosii the i4ver, eveil though th« Prini^d olfi^ed 
large sums of money, atid pM^iMised to sbafi^ thCI 
dangei^. At las^ moved 'by the cries of th6 dnfor- 
timate inhkiUtants of the suburb, and led by th^ 
gMNiMfnfsbf h)»'OWYi beMVoltnbt btert, he toolc! 
^ reMlOtidfl of going t6 theit asslfMjibce himself; 
Those WM w^fftf af^dot' hirri endeavoured id disi 
atfade Mm ftOiri^thiil hatardotto etA^rpri^fe; but, 
tMMhed to Hk seut'by the distress ^thif miser&ble 
people^ hie r^idd in tide fott6#in^ wc^ds : '' Whai 
am I more than either you or they ? I am a man, 
Iflfe yourselves, atid nothing ought to be attended 
to here but the voice of humanity:'* 

Unshikkeo, thiir^fol^, in his resolution, he iAi« 
medRitefy embarked, with thVee watermen, in a 
smalt boat, and crossed the river. The boat d!d 
not want thred lengths of the bank, when 'it 
fltrtick against a tree, aird in an instant, they afl,^ 
together with the boat, disa|ipeared. A'levf mi- 
nuMs after the Prince rose again, and ^hpptortid 
2. P . 

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26 

himself a short time by taking hold of a tree ; but 
the violence of the current soon bore him down, 
and he never appeared more. 

The boatmen, more fortunate, were every one 
saved, and the Prince alone became the victim of 
his own humanity. The whole city was in afflic* 
tion for the loss of this truly amiable Prince, whose 
humility, gentleness of manners, and compassionate 
disposition, endeared him to all ranks. He lived, 
indeed, as he died, in the highest exercise of hu- 
manity. Had not the current been so rapid, he 
fvould, no doubt, have been saved, as he was a 
remarkably good swimmer/* 

Prince Charles Ferdinand was a man of un-» 
doubted military skill, and of great personal 
bravery. His life was checquered by varying 
fcenes of great prosperity and comparative ad-* 
versity. He inherited most of the virtues of his 
ancestors. He received his military education 
under his uncle. Prince Ferdinand, styled, during 
the lifetime of his father, the hereditary Prince of 
Brunswick Wdfenbuttle. 

In the reign of George II. Prince Ferdinand 
was appointed to the command of the British 
army during the celebrated seven years* war, 
when Prince Charles commanded the troops of 
his own country, which at that time formed a 
portion of the allied army. But as it is foreign to 
the direct objects of this work to enter very mi- 
nutely into the military transactions of those days^ 
I shall limit this part of the subject to a very small 



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compass^ only briefly noticing^ a few of the most 
important transactions in which the father of her 
present Majesty, Qneen Caroline, took a prooii- 
nent part, and which nltitnatefy led to his residence 
amongst us in London. 

This Prince succeeded his father in the dukedom 
of Brunswick in the year 1780, and, about six 
years afterwards, he entered Holland at the head 
of a Prussian army ; when he re-established the , 
Prince of Orange in the statdholdership. 

In 1792, at the commencement of the French 
Revolution, he was appointed commander in chief 
of the combined armies of Austria and IVussia, on 
"which occasion his manifesto appettred against the 
FVencb nation^ in which his Royal Highness threat- 
ened them with little short of total annihilation, 
unless they would return to a proper sense of their 
situation, and would cease to manifest a disposition 
to levy war against every crowned head in Europe. 

His Highness, however, as might have been ex- 
pected, failed in his plans, and his army was shortly 
reduced to a most wretched and deplorable con- 
dition. His military talents, nevertheless, were 
often eminently displayed; and numerous were 
the occasions in which he very greatly signalized 
himself. 

In the latter end of the year 1606, however, 
commenced a series of defeats and mortifications 
which he lived but a short time to witness. In 
the year 1794, he had resigned his situation in the 
army to Field-marshal Mollendorff ; but during 

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t)i6 oTerwbelviing reigp and sway of Bon^parto^ 
be was ag^iii appointe4 copwnaiuler in chi^f of 
his Pru90ian M.syi^pty*^ forces. Paring thi9 tiqAe^ 
at tbe battle of iuaetatadt, after lexertioqs wbjcb 
called forth even the ack^owledgmepts of tbe 
^neimy, be was fvounded by a pannop ball in the 
ibneheady by whiph he lost his eye-sigh^, aw^ was 
carried off the ftptd of battle. 

He it^a^ at fir^t taken \p Braqswick ; bpt tbi» 
rapid advances pf tbe Frcinfib ^n^y ppiqpellefi ^\m 
t0 fl^ek rfifpge in tb^ P^ni^b territory of AlfODa, 
aotd fpr fi §bprt time be Ux^d retired under tha 
a^suraed titlp pf Count Werdtheim. 

Tbe sudden and overwhelming r^yerses of for-> 
tape by which tbe 8overe%nty of tha bouse of 
Bmpswiols: was c|eclared to be dissolved* preyed 
so keenly on tbe heart of this brave man, and sq 
aggravated tbp nature pf bis wopnd, \\^9X he could 
no longer ifustain tbe ^ireight of bii afHictio^, bn^ 
died op the 10th of Noyepibery only a few df^ys 
prior to tbe tri^^ipbapt e^try of the Frenqb into 
tbe f ity of Haociburgb. 

F^m th^ fupiq^t be received the iji^oqnd \fi die 
day of his death, tjb.is valiant Prin^ w^f^ utte^y 
wcapieffrle of pji^s^ving ^hat ppssed. He w*a thuf 
providentially saved tbe pain of knowing the fu^ 
extent q( thofsie calamities which befel bis con- 
quered country. Hisn son^ the Dojke of Bru^s** 
wick Q(^, arrived at bis fsthsr*s house the verjF 
day after his d^afii* His horses iprere disposed' oi^ 
l^y Pff]'>^<^ Au^ipfff. w M^. Y^e bis jewels an4 



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so 

irkai ^w Tafaiable eBhcU be left bebiiul him^ 
vbich bad ^escaped the handb of the invaders. 

Oo the 12th of the monih his body was opened 
nad wibidiiied* On opening the skull it was disr 
coveredf ih»t, had fto ot|ier caus^ operated to tidit 
ativay life, the wound in his head was, from the 
firsty nortal. His once noble and high spirited 
b#$tft w%s deposited in a silver box» and his remains, 
ip the fqll regimeqtfds of the Brunswick dragoons^ 
wHb boots and spurs, a large Prussian qooked hat^ 
with the s^r on his Wt breast, and the British 
Qfd^r of the Qarter, lay in state till the ereniag 
of the 18th in a plain coffin, covered with black 
▼rivet. 

Tbe stfites of Bmnswidi sep»t an esjtaSette te 
Ni^^Vepn JBfiwnparte, rsqnesitiog that the remains 
oC tbe D^ke m^fbt be deposited in the femilf 
vwit; ^hep the foUowing brutal, but perfectly €sha^ 
racteristic answer was retwned : " Tell/* said the 
inhuman conqueror, <Hhe Duke of Brunswick, 
that I would rather Cede Belgium, I would rather 
renounce the crown of Italy, than allow him, or 
any of his sons ever again to set foot within the 
Brunswick territory : let him take his money and 
j4««ls» unA he gone to SUiflMid V' 

Sh^ was th^ insolent condact of Bonaparte^ 
mw kmm^i .« faptive,^ and conifdaining of the 
cruelty and sevet ijty of bis captors ! 

U was tJhA wish of J^^et Charles to be buried 
Y^r^Xfir b^ WJghl; beppep «o fall. 

Tb^ imoeetoQr of '4w Fnoee, npt moK forta- 



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30 

Xiate than himself, was literally driven from his 
native country, to seek- an asylum at the court of 
his royal brother -in -law, in this country. By 
orders of the late King, apartments in Hampton 
Court Palace were prepared for his reception. 

Frederick Augustus, the next brother of the ' 
Duke of Brunswick, likewise distinguished him- 
self as a soldier and commander; and several in** 
teresting anecdotes of his idcill and bravery are 
recorded by his biographer. He fought under 
Frederick III. King of Prussia, as also did the 
Duke^s second brother. Prince William Adolphus. 

Prince Albert Henry, the third brother, was 
slain at the age of eighteen, on the 20th of July, 
1761, in a skirmish with a body of French troopls. 
Duke Charles's third daughter, Elizabeth Chris- 
tina Ulrica, was married to Frederick IV. King 
of Prussia, who became the father of her late Royal 
Highness the Duchess of York. 



CHAPTER II. 

Having thus briefly noticed some of the lead- 
ing particulars in the lives of her Majesty's imme- 
diate ancestors, I may proceed, more directly, to' 
her Majesty's own personal history. 

The gaiety and gallantry of her father's conrt 
have already been noticed. She was bom on the 
17th of May, 1768^ and was educated chiefly under 



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»1 

the immediate eye of her mother. At a very early 
age, she was iotrodaced into all the circles of fashiour 
able life ; hot it has been observed that the majority 
of her Serene Highness's female associates v^ere per- 
sons advanced in age, vi^hose formality and sedateoiess 
but ill suited the natural vivacity of her temper. 

Pride never, at any time, appeared to have a 
seat in her breast. Indeed this vice was not in- 
dulged at a court which was almost proverbial for 
• its hospitality ; and which might be characterized 
rather by its openness and generosity, and a free- 
dom of Ddanners approaching to levity, than by 
any flagrant demonstrations of licentiousness. 

What, in this country, would be considered 
highly derogatory to the character of a princess of 
the blood royal, was indulged as a pleasing and 
an innocent exercise of domestic condescension at 
the- court of the Duke of Brunswick : for there it 
was common with her Serene Highness frequently 
to converse with her domestic attendants, by the! 
humblest of whom, as well as by persons of every 
rank in her native country, she was greatly be* 
loved ' 

That unhappy woman, the late Lady Douglas, 
whose horrid calumnies had once nearly proved 
fatal to the life and happiness of the royal subject 
of these Memoirs, had the audacity to assert that 
her Royal Highness was grossly ignorant, coarse, 
and uneducated. This was a falsehood and a 
slander to be surpassed only by those atrocioiia 
charges of a criminal nature which had well nigh 



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raiMd lier ladyship to a 4Mtuati<Mi i^ tke piUorf. 
S«r Severe iii^hne«f, tlie !IMMM9of BraiM^kAH 
received an ^dueatiod idfiaitely siipeirior to her 
bas^ calQniiiiator*9, and every way befitting^ her 
Mudted stotioii in life. 

It ir not Becessary to enter itote any minote 
deftaits respecting^ her Majesty's cdnrse^ of early 
education: it is sufficient to obeei^e, that there 
Was no branch of human learning, oor any accom^ 
pli«htanent> nsd^il or omaneAtal^ aud suitaMe -to 
the education of a German princtes, into wbi^ 
Ht^ was not pro))er1y initiated. Her taste, hoit^ 
ever, does not appear to have led her parl^tdarly 
to the Cfihlvation of literatore 6rthe arts; except, 
indeed, of the most fascinating and etichaMiii^ 
setence of music, of which heir Majetty ia passion* 
ately fond, and in which she'll known to beacon^ 
fliderable profibient^ particularly on the harpsichord J 

In her early life she devoted much of heir 
tittte in the indulgebce of the hantitess recreationa 
of her native country, and in various mechanical 
parsuitM, in which she* manifested great ingenuity. 
Toys, trinkets of various kinds, lockets, and oraa-' 
menta in an amusing v&riety, have been madeby her. 

Her great beauty of person, and ' perfect aflkbi'^ 
lity of manners, procured her reputed instancea 
of marked respect whenever she chose to appear 
in publie^ which slie did almost every day. These 
repeated tokens of esteem and regard from persons- 
very much below her Serene Highneets in life^ 
were frequently acknowledged' by that frahknest" 



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tnd i(ppftrent f^iii^ilia^itjr iflj^i^hf jo 1^ j^r\o^ c^ 
llfsr history^ w« ohaU find were constnied mt<^ . 
marks of a calpable levity of character. It ii» ii| 
iifi^ nat^ of enyy ai|4 pr^o^ice to give a fdne 
folq^pnj^ tp ^Fery tbi^f apd ^hat whic^ ^p itself 
is r^ly pn^is^^qr^bjTf and ^qferyiqg of jmitatiopt 
is fipt ^f^freimeotly di^fprte^ joto prifne t>y miodif 
of <| H(7f ififklicioQs, ai)<|] grovelfj^g ^^(qr^. Of 
t)^ yarious cpnstraftioiis which ni^ny of ouf ifoirdif 
^ actipns will ofhpn benr, these pefspos qf{jfop]|i)j[ 
m^ppt t)i6 i^oift. Themselyes utterly ipci^pa^e of 
e)^¥9iiq^ of sool, they la|>oiir inc^ssaiitly to re4no<| 
fll ipaiikiiid to tjieir own s^odard ; and are neyeir 
sp l)^ppy w wjien they c^tn seize son^e ppportifiiify 
iiff ^landeripg aaf) ailuniniatijig their pffighhoqrs. 

^f4 h^r Bmnff ^ighnesf been naturally of % 
||pei4iQU9 f^ipperfiiqeiff — had i|be beep as regard* 
}fsf9 pt t)^ dotjes of religtpo and morality as her 
ffffSfAfl^ fa«^ye d^scnjb^ her tp be, slfe ^nted nof 
fjfflpj/ApB to ph^vi^ thofe noxious wepds in ]^ 
l^yal pff^i for tlfoiigl^ t|i|e court of Brpnsiprjcl( 
cifp^l^ ff irly h^ <^ged with any poarked ffepra* 
nfy 9f WP?I^ ^t ip pp^ tp be denied, that, 
anionj);;^ tj^ pume}:9Ufi gay^ai^d thpugfitless beingf 
thfLt 4fe ^9und |;o mttefr through the circles of 
fyj^y W7^ Ppurt, tf^ere wef e jtp be found females 
^'jffilfe principles ^^fl practices were not very con- 
foiTpiable U> ,tbe s)t|ict rples of sou|id morality. It 
V pfffSk^t^vffi^ i^co^t to fepamte the precious fropi 
^ yiU^ niff is it alfTfyf yery e^y for a virtnouf^ 
ipiiriqjy^ 10914 ffi pK^serye jtpelf ft^fi fro» 

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34 

taint, when compelled frequently to come into con- 
tact with the bewitching allurements of fashionable 
vice. 

It has been said, that at the court of Brunsvrick 
there were some four or five females who gloried 
in an open and sliameless disregard of the mar- 
riage ties. How far this representation may par- 
take of exaggeration, it is difficult to ascertain j 
but this much is clear, thiat whatever tincture of 
licentiousness might occasionally be found at that 
court, it was universally. admitted that the Prin- 
cess Caroline and her immediate and constant 
associates and friends kept themselves aloof from 
those whose morals and principles bore any mark 
of culpability. The commt)n etiquette of court 
politeness compelled them to interchange the usual 
ceremonies of good manners lyith these suspected 
characters; but beyond that, I am persuaded, 
neither the young Princess nor any of her con- 
fidential friends carried their intimacy with such 
persons. Her mother was her chief, if not, in 
fact, her only confidant ; yet, as I have already in- 
timated, she was the most open, free, candid, and ' 
condescending female of her rank in the world. 

She was always particularly partial to the Eng- 
lish ; and as she was youngs and caressed by every 
one, it was not to be wondered at, that her heart 
should have sometimes received some of those ten- 
der impressions, which, if not checked in time,- 
uniformly lead ta attachments afterwards tiot very 
ea^ily dissolved. Of this nature, it is reported,^ 



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34 

was her Serene Higfbneiis*s reg^ard for a yoan§^ 
officer who was a omstaot visiter at her father*s 
court. This geotleman was, I l)elieTei a native 
of. Ireland. He had fought with success under 
the Duke of Brunswick^ against the French ; and 
thqs an intimacy was formed of a strict and par-, 
ticular nature. The following anecdote of this 
officer, though related with some appearance of 
amplification and romance, is, nevertheless, I doubt 
n^ot, true in the main facts.: « 

On a certain occasion the command of a squadron 
of cavalry had been confided to thid officer, who, it 
appears, was usually denominated, ^^ the hkindsome 
Irishman." By making the circuifof liome neigh- 
bouring hills, and taking the eiletiiy in fltak, this 
officer sought to make a successful diversion. ' Some 
unforeseen obstacles, however, for a time impeded 
the progress of the detachment ; but just as the 
allies had begun to give way, the sudden appear- 
ance of the chosen troop in the rear, threw the 
centre of the French (who in the he&t of action 
bad considerably advanced) into son^e confusion, 
and inspired their antagonists with fresh courage^ 
The personal intrepidity of the young officer was 
eminently conspicuous. Somewhat proud of his 
commission, he bad dressed himself in full hussar 
uniform} and his tall, gommanding figure was 
rendered still oiore conspicuous iii the thickest of 
the fight by the snowy whiteness of his waving* 
plume. The squadron was engaged upon a hill 
side; the numbers of ihe enemy threatened inevi- 

E 2 



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table deitnuitibn, md the ^kermiiied fairy ;viich 
which they fbaght, as If fram a feettng of Aaine 
at the insalting ^merity of their opponents^ frp^ 
peafed to shot out all tfope of their retards At 
firifi jQrictUfe, fao#^W, the tight and left wings ^ 
the f^retidi tetreaited in g^Mt disorder ; attd the 
mg^rkess of the aHi^ in iDieir ^ urMit, Heifdei^ 
tbem tmtnindlbl of the perilous siwatioh 'of thbir 
taliant cMnrades. 

Surrounded by a smidl party of his guards^ and 
at a shdrt distance fhottt thelspot where the eneotinter 
wan totdmed, the Duke of Bmtiswiek gazed iviA 
animated pleiumre on the de0p«rctte conflict ; aiid, 
like anotlM^ fid ward, reftifted ibo permit any aid to 
be deiit them which might detract from the gloi^ 
of their succefss. DaHhing thrbiigh the heat of 
ihe fire, and spurring his black charger Itferally 
into the ranks 6f the enemy, he beheld with amaze- 
ment the heroism of the commlinding officer of 
this courageous band, who, at length, waving his 
sabre over his head, and raising a loud ** hun^a!** 
which was reiterated by his men, till the hilln railg 
withits martial echo, made a last desperate dharge 
on the French standard. Fierce was the contest — 
furious the attack, and undaunted the defence; 
but bis courage and his fortune prevailed. Cate* 
less of life, and bent on victory, his arm scattered 
death and destruction atoutid him. The fainting 
defenders of their country ^sfl^ opened a passage / 
to his daring purpose ; arid, at a single blow, the 
lifeless body of the French commander fell prostrate 



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it 

alMiltot. aWfaJMilg ti c W iMl iai ^riOtthte^Mytr. 

llMfe Ihfk^, n* W«g;cl> kMs to Te^lreM lib fcelit^ 
fgat^fH&yAlIk kik go&Mb to liSs MkiiCMMid; ftaid> «l 
€lfe UKtalfe 'ifloMtilAy ^ftfe lM{|ldi 6( ttc Allteri tiMN>|% 

nmmtA «l thife MM«efls <X this %8iidM wf vaTiAry, 
tod •JMpOAhg >ik all fbrOitfr «fibtl», «lie Freoeh 
ttMMIr dt^#b llitir artiM. Vhe Doke, leaping^ frott 
HktflliMi leAMwcedtbe youtigliero, ^ottipiiaieiitod 
Mb •^ueeeM \rMi-tbe apphuito «f % vetents, aitd tiu! 
firankneis of a sddier; aod, taking from hi* amm 
Vt^tait lilKte 6f the orders tvith ^vliitih he •» 
OMibMted, Ild% theta >rDiittd the iMtufing ^vedc ot 
ifo flhsfirictas fot*i^ttt!e. 

^ni&ftine'bf'tlifi ^IhittttikiyidittoOnreiuihi^'lJie 
todrt'tf Bhins^rdk, ^ete it virafs Tetated tn dl 
Ittdw Allowing ooloars tfirich are nrtudly given by 
fhte ntii^rfttors of -sdcSh ^eleome ioteHigence; <aiid 
IHdHfy MfterwUrdii, trinteir tipptroachTng, it tra« 
faeceta^ry ihiit Die belligerent nations df Enrope 
rtibtaldretiire fttrtanrttnrl'r&pote'and to'recrttit th«}lr 
ahbost exhfltnted strengfth. 

It>wfls perfectly tiatttrdl, -that the freqcrettUfi^-df 
^e diMiit'of the Vake of Branswrck should loolk 
iipdn the young oiticer, df "whose fanie andconra^e 
ibey had heard so 'much, with more than oMKnary 
interest ; aAd thtft Wherever he went he i^idd '1)6 
attended hytto'ittMin pxtt^tjon of w&rm adoiirerBr 



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38 

Oa his return the ladies pressed roond his per- 
son with ardent curiosity ; and amongst those who 
regarded the hero with this intense esteem,- it is 
said, her Serene Highness exhibited a peculiar 
share of regard and solicitude. To the reiterated 
expressions of respect and admiration with which 
the gallant officer was hourly saluted from ladies 
of the highest rank at court, he is reported to haVe 
returned those polite and grateful acknowledgments 
which such attentions merited ; but to tlie sample 
yet pathetic encomiums of the Princess, received b^ 
they were from her own lips, he found it impossible 
not to return a feeling of something more than 
gratitude. 

I will not take upon myself the responsibility of 
proving the accuracy of all that has been written 
and said concerning the effects of this mutual 
attachment, which is stated to liav« subsequently 
subsisted between her Serene Highness, and this 
distinguished officer. That such an attachment 
had, at one time, an actual existence, I have no 
sort of doubt : that it extended to the degree of 
iatenseness which some persons have amused the 
world by declariBg, I am not in the least inclined 
to believe. Be it as it may, it was an attachment 
impossible to have been countenanced by the Duke 
her father, and such as her own good sense shortly 
convinced her, she could not indulge with propriety. 
Higher, if not happier destinies awaited her. Kings 
and Princes have much less personal liberty than 
most of their subjects : their hearts, -though suscep? 



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39 

tible of the same impresstotiSy and governed by the 
same laws of ikatiire, are not permitted to retain 
their earliest emotions and attachments. I'he laws 
of the society in which they Inove bind them to 
act, or rather to be acted upon^ like so many richly 
decorated automata. They may love : for neither 
^^ many waters can quench/^ nor any human power 
control the flames of that generous passion ; but 
they must not follow the bias of their affections. 
All that is left to them, and in many cases scarcely 
tbat, is a kipd of negative voice in affairs that 
affsct their dearest personal interests and domestic 
happiness. The holy ties of matrimony, a rite 
which even to the present day is numbered amongst 
the sacraments of the church by a very large portion 
of the Christian world, are considered, by the 
doctors of our royal courts, as no other than those 
bonds which serve to legalize and perpetnate al- 
liaiices knd treaties of a purely worldly character^ 
between the families of great and ancient states. 
They unite their persons by these sacred obligations^ 
just as men in ordinary life form partnerships in 
trade; or, as they themselves barter or fight for 
territories and dominions. I am not ^ndiug fault 
with this : for aught I can tell, it may all be very 
good and very necessary for the peace, and the 
general security and prosperity of surrounding or 
contiguous nations; and if princes will sacrifice 
their affections for the good of the state, it is not 
for the subjects, who may be supposed to reap the 
benefit of the mighty boon, to complain of the 



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I 



49 



«iQd« ^ the teuM 9^ ^ti Ppnvf yi^ffCf . %t ij^ 

iiM flf sta^^ policy f>nc| pr»p(tl^4 % Wf hWPy 
ffy^l nMirw»ge, ttie^s fi^ tv^njty of i) fontfiqry 

f|«ii0« miei pl»pe, »It ^1)^ ForW ifl«Rf4(f ^ rP^Mwnd 
wiiH (h« h«PPf iiH9UigflA<:f > Af ^ip^figr ^ pooh 
|» be wondered M M wfeen t|i4 l)oly exi)f ^ ?^t« 

|fc« «P." Thp iwly fe»ppy Btfurifiee qf wi* ||i^ 
|»Tfly Piiqctii Ch»rlof|f» wi^h (hf jr<H W»4 •»- 
4M)ll«a»t X^sppolil «f ff«W CpbPFg. wft« ^ fW i» 
pinntj bf)i|(» W* npfer ppead^ of ^at B^fv^^ 

iMippine«i wiib mUch il ^M ^t^mM* f^^fPf v^ 

nlly 8pm|i>n^> ft ^tily l>4ppy «W»1 iWH^riilffe i|i 
jw ^o» ^ bf» Cpw)^* V €4l4 itt ft cft&) mVie. 

«iej»»fNiAic^ftoy»l }AF<eiv »lwftF« ff>wy mt^n«A 

murMJbip,) mip «uijtpj[)ly ^wtHMtlNf 9n4 FOf 
ii»wetlieh»ppM»st neialt?, JboA |o t^p V>4iyi^rttl|i 
piNVOAfJIy Qoncetn^, w4 to ^ patipq #|t larg]?. 
iW»t»r» and reason, ^QF^v^r* WffP^ 1^ fPi^tpH(<e4 
iin4 ddlttded; aod o^, very ofi^, Aqprf4 ^e 
^n«tmte <the luddpn ne«»Mes /i^ |ti# afiv^f of fbfi 
moya) p»ir^ we «lwwl4.di9C9v,er1;!PB lUiomfiA^ ffl^%^!P(i 



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4t 

if ibanlrfQliiefli and Ackdowle^meDts for the piib*% 
]ieaddrain8.aC ooDgpttohitioft^ that are nsaiil on 
i oecwioMi* Thus it. ^raa^ thene is abondaot 
te beMeve, with the marriagie betv^en his 
Sofal EBghnesf the Vrmte o£ Waks^ and her 
SeMBe Highnctti^ the Prineesa of Brunavkk. 

The Dpke of Branawiclcr with a sternoeM and 
aararity perhapa not aatoral to biBK, but prompted 
hf what be felt to be doe to the honour and dig- 
ail^ of hia tlloitrioui. houae, took meaaurea foe 
aflaotoally ^shacking the growing frienddiip, whieb 
ha oaaUl notbal witnaas between hia dhuigbter^ and 
hia inand^ the galhint qficcc ; and even had he keen 
laaa diqioaad than he neally waa to such an bU 
jjmmt^^^uk aUiance which, as these things ara " 
ganarally managed amongst kings and conrtieria^ 
it was utterly impotoible should take place,^*-a 
demand from the conit at St. James's of the 
band of the PrioaasaCatoliae for the heir apparent 
ta the British Thaone, wopld hare, instantly con* 
firmed hia resolution. 

. Without more extenaive and accurate means 
of information thaa: it can reasonaUy he expected 
«iy. one» besides an eye- witness, can possess of 
what took place, witlnn the walls of the ducal 
fadaae of Bnmswick,^ it would be the heighth of 
pKsqmptfton in nie to pretend to lay before the 
mader all the conSicting circumstances, one may 
laaaanably concjAdo, would be attendant on this 
proposal. That it would highly, gratify the lauda<» 
b>Q ambittoa of the Xhike, whatever effeot it might 

2. F 

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42 

bave on the f^Dgs of the amiable CaroUneV ^t 
is very eany. to conceive. Ambition and family 
agg^randisement ai^e* in ihe estimation of modern 
courts, matters of infinitely greater impbrtaiuce than 
female feedings. But I must not indulge ini con* 
jecture, nor suffer the reader of these Memoirs to 
be led astray in his judgment by retailing to him 
alt the romantic stories that bave been told, vrith 
an amusing degree of circumstantiality, too cir- 
cumstantial, indeed, to be true, of what. was said 
and done at the Ducal Court, oii this occasion^ 
I ha&ten, therefore, to that period in the life of her 
Majesty which, though pregnant with it)terast, is 
necessarily less involved in doubt and darkness 
than are the events of the time concerning whicb, 
I have, in the foregoing pages, briefly touched 
upon. 

• Having been invited by the court of Grpat 
Britain, in 1794, to marriage and to happiness, 
with the heir apparent, the Prince and Princess 
were married on the 8th of April, 1795: the 
Prince of Wales b^ng then thirty^two years of 
ag^, and the Princess twenty-three. 

In some of the public journals for the year 1 794, 
supposed at. the time to have been in the confidence 
of government, it was stated that the Princess was 
very pleasing in her person, and in her aeoomplidi- 
ments exquisite. It was also stated, that the idea 
of the Prince of Wales's nuptials originated some 
time before with a high personage, who had great 
interest, in seeing the Prince established ; and it 



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iBCCiindkigly binted to him, Imt in 9q delicate a 
mamier, as to leaye it entirely to his option. Jave- 
iiile pursuits at that time stspendM aU fuTtlier 
discoiiiM aiK>ut it, tiH, one day, his R6yal High* 
ness praMng* the person and accoanph'sbmeotsnf 
bis niafer the fViiicess Mary, before the Dii&e of 
IjSarence, the Doke observed, she was very like 
Ihe Princess of Brunswick, whom he had bad the 
Iranour of knowing: and conversing with. The 
Prince grew more, inquisitive upon the subject ; 
aad.the J)uke so satisfied htm in all p«rticulai*s as 
to.affiml him the highest gratification. 
• The affair apparently dropped for that time; 
but on the, morning of a graild gala, at Windsor; 
he mentioned it to the King,- who was delighted 
^tb the proposal ; and it was instantly communi- 
cated to the Queen, wIk> is represented as being 
equally pleased with the idea of such an union. 
It was then agreed to keep the matter entirely out 
s»f the cafatnet, till it was in some train of for- 
wardness; and the first the ministers of statelieard of 
it wa4 an official nbtioe to prepare for the embassy; 
tiie forms, the requisitions, &x:. AfterHhis, presents 
aad.marrisge favours were prepared for the Prin- 
t^esseis, &c. as well as marks of his Royal High- 
ness's remembrance to several persons of both 
sexes about the court. 

, TheFriiicess of Brunswick was deemed one of 
the fiiist performers on the harpsichord among the • 
royiDd:£Miilies of Enrope,'^and the Prince of Wales 
was kiiowB to be passionately fon4 of musrc. 

f2 

/• 

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A 



44 

Mttdbprdiininary matter, howeyer^ vemmnediohe 
executed^ and some very iinportaiit arraetigemeiiAs 
to be made relative to the heavy debts wkh virhieh 
ktA Royal Higbaess's afiairs were at that time an* 
barmssedi or the connubial life of the royal fNur 
ivould have comisenced under very inaoBpieiont 
circumstances indeed. The details and diacussionft 
on this subject are too interesting to be passed 
over slightly ; but they shall be deferred till vv^ 
have g^ven the parttculansi of the marriage of her 
Royal Highness on her arrival in this country. • 

When the idiea of this marriage contract was 
first entertained, an<l> indeed, for some time after- 
waitlsy the internal state of the country, as woll ai) 
its external relations, and its situation with respect 
to the war with France, would not allow the cabi^ 
net time for any other consideratidns than thoaa 
which immediately led to measures of security a4 
home,' and. the most active naval and military 
operations jabroad. On this account the marriage 
was delayed somewhat longer than it otherwise 
would have been. The nation, howler, was 
highly pleased with, the proposed marriage, as it 
was generally snpposed that the Prince of Wales 
would not consent to any such union, it being 
known that he had before rejected alt proposals of 
that nature. 

M length, matters: having been finally arranged, 

- active preparations were made for condoottng her 

^j&rene Highness to this country: the marriage 

b^ing previously solenmized by prpzy on the cour 



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Gke eoibmifod at Cuxiiweii, m bMiti' the 
Jbbo, or, ai called by naM of the paUie t^ritite 
of ti» day, the Japiter, of 60 fgnrn^ Captain 
lioehuMre, on the afternoon of 8«tiirday» March 
Ab Mth, t706. Cenmodore Faynei Mn. Bar* 
cMort, and Lord Malme^bury, in tile same ship^ 
Major Heriop, Colonel Rtchardson, and Mr. AoM> 
in the Fhston frigate. Captain Stopford. CM 
Sanday aioning at eight o*ck>ck the ships ireigbed 
mcborfiroaii Caxhaven with a iair wind at B»N.!&. 
which continned till Wednesday, when a thiek fog* 
«aaaae on. They were then only six leagues f\nm, 
Yarmouth ; but as it was dangerous to draw neaf 
the const, the ships dropped anchor, and fired fog 
|a^s0very hour In this sitaation they lay through « 
#ie iriiole of Thursday. The Princess had hitherto 
Jbeen estremely wdl, had walked the quarter deck 
a?ery day, and was nnconnnonly ebeerfdl; but, 
what with the fog, and the motion of the vessel at 
anchor, Ae became a little incommoded* The 
inoming of Friday was uncommonly fine ; and at 
four o*cloek the Juno made the signal to get 
under weigh. The fleet went onder an easy sail, 
oame off Harwich about noon, and passed through 
the (Swin to enter the Thames. About two a very 
thiok ibg came on, which obliged the commorlore 
to drop anchor. At fonr the fog dispersed , and 
the signal beti^ made to unmoor, the fleet again 
fot onder weigh, and about six o'clock dropped 
aachor at the Nore, being sainted t^ the Sdndwich 
guard-ship station^ off there. 



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4» 

At nine o'clock on Satorday morning the 4th of 
April, the ships got under weigh, the tide serving; 
and, about noon, Uie- Juno anchored off Gravesend. 
Her Serene Highness slept on board that night. 

On Sunday morning, as soon as. the tide served^ 
the Princess^ accompanied by Mrs. Harcburt, Lord 
Malmesbury, and Commodore Payne, disembarked , 
from the Juno, and went on board one of the royal . 
yachts; and, soon after 12 o'clock, landed at 
Greenwich hospital. The Princess was received^ 
on her landing, by Sir Hogh Palliser, the governor^ 
and other officers, who conducted her to the go* 
yernor's house, where she took tea. arid: cbffeeu 

It has been repeatedly said, and that with no view 
to the credit and feelings of his Royal Highness 
the Prince of Wales, that he had expressly commis* 
sioned l^ady Jersey, with whom it was reported, 
the Prince had, to use a little gallicism, formed 
amitii, to cond.uct lier Serene Highness to this 
country. A thousand gpssipping stories are related 
of what her ladyship said and did to the Princess 
on that memorable occasion; how she dresiied 
and painted, bedizened and bedaubed, the Princess, 
with the insidious and envious motive of rendering 
her an object of djsgust to his Royal Highness; 
By tales like this t^e public credulity and cAriosify 
have been trifled with during. more than twenty 
years. The truth is, that Lady Jersey did not 
arrive at the goyernor*s house at Greenwich till 
an hour after the Princess had landed, wheji thisy 
both retired into ap adjoining roiom, where tbi^ 



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47 

dreM of the PrincesB was cKaiiged, from a itonglia 
goWn and blue Hatin petticoat, with a black beaver 
hat, and blue and black feathers, for a white satin 
gown, aitd a very elegant turban cap of satin^ 
omabeiited with white featiiers : a plume, in imi* 
tation of the Prince of Wales's own crest, studded 
with brilliants, which, as it played backwards 
mud forwards in thi& light, produced a most beau- 
tiful ofibet. 'This mtighificent cap, and the rest 
of the Frincett's dress, were a present prepared 
by order of his Royal Highness, and were carried 
from town by lady Jersey, to Greenwich for that 
purpose. i^ 

A Irttle after two o'clock, her Serene Highnesi 
left the governor's house, and got into one of his 
Mafesty's coaches, drawn by six horses. In this 
coach also were Mra. Uarcourt and Lady Jersey* 
Another of the King's coaches and six preceded' ft, 
in which: w<»re Mrs. Harvey Aston, Lord Malmes- 
bury. Lord Clermont, and Colonel Greville. In a 
ihird.coach^ with fonr horses, were two women 
servants, whom the Princess brought f^om Ger- 
many : these were the only German attendants she 
brought from that country. 

A party of the Prince of Wales's own regiment 
of light dragoons, on each side, escorted the Prin- 
cess's carriage. Besides this escort the road was 
lined, at short distances, by troops of the heavy 
dragoons, who were stationed from Greenwich 
all the way to the Horse Guards. In her way 
through the immense crowds of people that lined 



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4ft 

the whole iray* «kI who gfrwtid h^ wiHi tW mMi 
WelecNM 9r0ti]latioh99 her Serewe Wffhn^m bowa4 
Md smiled in the mort affable maanef • 
. A little before three o'clock the Fvincetti aKght- 
ed at St. Jaiii?»*s Palace, aiul MWk uilrodiieed into 
the apartmeals prepared for her recteptioii, loaking 
foifa^ Cle?«taikl Row. 

Havti^ rested a little after her jeoraey, ker 
Serene Highae^i appeared at the windows^ which 
were thnowiv op^ that the populace Qfi^^ hare a 
ei^ht of her. The loadeet huraaa and cheeiivy 
took place^ exceeded only hj thoM stiU wew 
ardent and sympathetic congratulations with whilA 
thi« surae Prineess wigi receotl^y greeted oo her 
second arrival in the ipQtrepali^. To tbia well 
come reception the PriMeM cmrtw^ ^ith alt 
that condescending grace and affahiUty ftr wlaeb 
she has ei^r heen sq distingaished* These joylul 
greetings continued for some minutes^ uniliil the 
Prince arrived from CarHon Houaa. 
. The prcTioos repreeentations of thq beauty and 
aecompbahmeikta of Ins Royal Highneaa'is in^Mded 
hvide, heightened by the portrait whieh the Doha 
of Brunswick had sent to biaii wd whieh den 
scribed her Seiene Highaes)^. iu the head-dceis she 
wore on this ocoa^on, all tended to excite the 
strongest emotiona in the breast of the Prioce of 
\V^al^. He had long borne the character of one 
ef '' the best bred prioces in Suropej" and he waa 
linown to possess a heart keenly susceptible of the 
tenderest imprec^siona. He b^d^ too, V •Inredy 



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4» 

ptatedp anifomily resisted eyery former prapowi of 
jBarriage with t^ foreign princess; so that it was imi« 
lEtfsally believed, that» ua consenting to this union 
wUh faer Serene Higboess, the Princess Caroline, 
}ie had been influenced by warmer attocbnieots ond 
Ci0qsidera;tions than those of more state policy. That 
itwo peaisons should act^ially love eaeh otfier, in the 
o^ioary and daily acceptation of that teraa, so as 
to seek an union of w laAting, so tender, and so 
l»cred a nature as that of marriage, who bad 
vaver in their lives so lanch as had a single inbm- 
view — who ^rhaps never pniterichangod a single 
.line of correspondence on any subject whatev^^t— 
whose country, whose language, and whoae mafif- 
ners must be essentially different, is too tnoch to 
assert* Love is an nffiir of the heart : it is the 
perfection of friendship. Originating in a personal 
contemplation of some real or iiiftaginiury escelt- 
jence in the objt^pt belov^, corfespofi^ing with the 
best feelings of ;0nQ's own bre%£(i;- Withoa^ ^ooia 
^i£Snities of thi^ nature, there may be great esteem 
afid much reciprocal regards but there can be n4 
li^ach thio^ as love : the purest, the divinest, and 
inoat sublime aSection of the hun:ian.s0uK 

No wonder, tberefojite, that when his Koyal 
Highness the Pria^e 4>f Wale^ was fii^t intro^ 
doced to the Princess Caroline^ he ^ot»ld appear 
^ be greatly agitated. He had consented to this 
union, I doubt not, from as pure and honourable ai 
motifve as ev^a' influenced any hieir t<> a thriwe^ 
under simil^f iCtrpumstances;. but» he could '9bk. 

3* G 

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60 

have entirely forgotten, when he came to behold 
ber who should be bound to him and his destinies 
by ties which no simple wish or caprice of his^ 
nor any other ordinary circumstances, could ever 
afterwards dissolve, that his royal* breast had many 
years before been most powerfully impressed by the 
livarmest affection and love for another; that this 
object of his early attachment was still in existence, 
and that the policy of the constitution alone f>re- 
Tented their actual marriage : report, indeed, and 
that almost universally beheved at the time, and by 
many persisted in to the present hour, stated that 
bis Royal Highness had been married, according te 
-the forms of the Catholic church ; but this, 1 am 
convinced, is a calumny. 

It is impossible not to feel that these considera- 
tions must press somewhat heavily on the mind of 
bis Royal Highness at this important moment; 
A^r is it unnatural or unreasi)nabl^ to conjecture^ 
that, probably, the. Prince of Wales might, on 
first'seetng the Princess, discover something in her 
features or manner not' exactly corresponding to 
the exalted ideas he had been previously led to 
entertain of her. Not that any thing with which 
iwe are acquainted could itiduce the Prince to feel 
himself in the least disappointed ; but we all know 
the power of imagination, and the ardour with 
which impressions of female beauty are received 
by bosoms naturally formed to entertain such sen- 
sibilities. Nor does it appear that the Prince him- 
iclf nianifested any other feelings hot 'those of love 



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51 

^aA esteem for the illustrious personage with wJiom^ : 
in a few hours, be y/ss to be united* to all baman 
appearance, for ever. 

Be this as it itiay, it is certain, thftt the mooient 
the.Frince of Wales, set his foot in the Palace to, 
have \us 6r8t interview with her Serene Highne^^ 
he laboured under a very great degree of mental, 
^gi^tion. He was introduced to the Princess 
l^y J^rd Malmesbury, and immediately saluted 
Jbei* Mrs* Harcourt had, in the mean timet gons 
to the Queen's House, to announce the arrival of. 
her Serene Highness.* 

: The Prince of Wales was dressed in a full suit 
of the hussar uniform, of his, regiment, the same 
as the dress of his picture, painted by Cosway, 
and sent to the Princess. 

A little before five o'clock, the Prince and 
Princess sat down to dinner. At the same table 
wer^ Lady Jersey, Mrs. Harvey Aston, Mrs. Har- 
court, Lord Malmesbury, Lord Clermont, Colonel 
GreviUe, and Major Hislpp. 

The people continuing to cheer before the Palace^ 
his Royal Highness appeared at the window, and 
very condescendingly thanked them for this mark 
of their attention ; but hoped they wo*4ld excuse 
the re-appearance of the Princess at that hour, as 
it might possibly give her cold. This completely 
satisfied the populace, who gave the Prince three 
loud cheers,, and the» quietly dispersed. 
.' About eight o! clock, the King, the Queen, and 
all th^PrincesseSi the Duke and Duchess of X^^rk^ 

o2 

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an 

ib€ l^ke df CtareMe^ tbe I>»ke of OlooeettM* 
Prince WiUiam of Oloucestet^, how Duke^ siiid 
the Princess Sophia, were introduoeld to her Sereiid 
HigiMie«s, and remaitied with her tiH eleven 
o'clock. The Ptincess" was then left under tiie 
oafe of Mr^. Hafrey Affton, who Ai^pt in the rojal 
sq^rtments. 

Oh the folio whig erening*, April 8th| thisitUfated 
ittarm^e was Celebrated^ with great potDp and 
spteiidour, at the Chiapel tloyal, by the Archbislrop 
of Ciante^bury. 

The processions to and from the Chapel, ac«^ 
cording to ^be acconnt giren in the New Annual 
Begister for that year, were in the following order : 

'the Procession of the Bride. 
Drums and Trnmpets. 

Kettle Drums. 

Serjeant Trumpeter, 

Master of the Ceremonies. 

Bride's Gentleman Ufther between the two senior Retaldv. 

lk\& Majesty's Tice Chambe? laia. 

His Majesty's Lord Chamberlain. 

THE BRIDE, 

tik her Moptial Habit, with a Coronet, led by his Royal Highness 

the Duke of Clarence. 
Her train borne bj four ttamarried daughters of Dokes and Earls ; 

(viz.) 

Lady Mary Osborne, Lady 'Caroline Yilliers, 

Lady Charlotte Bpencer, Lady Charlotte Legge; 

And her Highness was attended by the Ladies of her 

Household. 

On entering the Chapel, her Highness was eon** 
ihcted to the seat prepared for her, near her 
Majesty's Chair of Stete. The Master of th« 



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Ceremonies, with the Gentlemftti Usher, retired ta 
the places assigned them. 

The Lord Chamberlain, and the Vice Chamber* 
Udn, with a Herald, retamed to attend the Bride« 
groom ; the senior Herald remaining in the Chapel^ 
to conduct the several persons to their respective 
places. 

The BRIDEGROOM'S Proceuion, 

la tbe same tier w that of the Bride, with the aMitfOB ef his 

Royal Higfcaet&*a Hooaebold. 

His Royal Highneat the PRINCfi OF WALES, 

la his ooUar of the Order of the Garieri aapported by two 

wmuurried Dukea: (m.) 

The Bake of Bedford, The Dake of Roxburgh ; 

Aad hia Royal Highaesa, beijag omduottd to hia aeat in the 

Cfaapel, the Lord Chamberlain, the Vice Chamberlain, 

and two Ueralda, returned to attend hia Majeatf. 

THEIR MAJESTIES' PROCESSION: 

Druma and Trumpeta aa before. 

Knight llanhaL 

Pundivanta. 

Heralda. 

Treaanrer of the Hoasehold. 

Maater of the Horve. 

Two married Dokea: (viz*) 

Duke of Leeda, Duke of Beaufort 

Lord Stewanl of the HouHehold. 

ProTincial King of Arma. 

ScrjeaaU at > Lord Priry Seal. c Serjeaaii at ^ 

Arma. S .Lord President of the Council. ( Anna. 

Archbishop of York. 

Lord High Chancellor. 

^Arehbtaliop of Canterbury. 

Gfltfter ^riacipal King at Arma, with hia aceptre^ between twe 

Gentlemen Ushers. 

The Earl Marshal, with his staff. 

' 'h'inoea of the Blood Royd : (viz.) 

. PrinseWilliaii* 



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54 

^is Ro5^a1 Highneaa the Duke of Glooceeter, 

His Royal Highness the Dake of York. 

Sword of State» borne by the Duke of Portland, between the 

Lord Ohamberlafn, and Vice Chamberlain of the 

HoQsehold. , 

HIS MAJESTY, 

In the collar of the Order of the Garter. 



Captain 

of the 

Band of 

^Gentlemen Peusioo^rff. 



Captain "j Colonel 

of the of the 

Yeomen } Life Guards 

. of the Guard. J in waiting. 

The Lord of the Bed Chamber in waiting. 

Master of the Robes. 

Groom of the Bed Chamber. 

Vice Chancellor to the Queen* 

HER MAJESTY, 

Between the Queen's Lord Chamberlain, the Queen's Mftster of 

the Horse. 

Their Royal Highnesses, the Princess Royal, 

Princess Augusta Sophia, 

Princess Elizabeth, 

Princess Mary, 

Princess Amelia. 

Her Royal Higliuess, the Duchess of York, 

Princess Sophia of Gloucester, 

Supported severally by their Gentlemen Ushers, 

The Ladies of her Majesty's Bed Chamber. ' 

MaiiUof Honour. 

Women of her Majesty's Bed Chamber. 

. Upon entering the Chapel, the several persons in 
the procession were conducted to the places ap- 
pointed for them. Their Majesties went to their 
chairs on the hauipas, the Bridegroom and Bride to 
theii* seats, and the rest of the royal family to those 
prepared for them, as has already been statec). 

At the conclusion of the marriage service, their 
Majesties retired totlieir chairs of state ander the 



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S5 

fittiopy, while the anthem was pei'forming. ' The 
procession afterwards returned in the following 
order : 

Drums and Trampets^ as before. 

Master of the Ceremonies. 

The Princess's Gentleman Usher between two Heralds. 

Oificers of the Prince's Household. 

HiS Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, leading the Bride, and 

supported by two married Dukes: (viz.) 

Dake of Beaufort, Duke of Leeds. 

The Ladies of her Royal Highness's Household. 

The King was attended by the great office^, irr 
the same manner in which bis Majesty went to the 
Chapel ; and her Majesty and the Princesses in the 
order before mentioned. ; ^ , 

The procession at the. return filed off t6 the: 
privy chamber. ThJBJr Majesties, the JBridegroom^ 
and Bride, with the rest of the royal family, 
and the great officers of state, proceeded into the 
levee chamber, where the registry of the marciage 
was attested with the usaal formalities ; after which 
theprocessiob^continned into the lesser drawing*^ 
room; and their. Majesties, with the Bridegroom 
afid Bride^ and the rest of the royal family^ 
passed into the great council chamber; when, the 
great officers, nobility, foreign ministers, and other 
persons of distinction, paid theii' compliments on 
the occasion. 

The journals of the day describe the royal 
Iftmily, and particularly the Queen, as greatly, 
pleased with this union: her Majesty- is reported 
to have represented her Serene Highness as ** a 



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so 

dislinguished ornament of ber sex, for gructf 
beauty, und mental eadowHieotSi one, in shorty 
combining every requisite to render her M'orthy of 
being the bride of the heir apparent to the crown 
of Great Britain/' Subsequent chroniclers, how- 
ever, have taken upon tbemitelves, on what au- 
thority, except that of their own prurient imagina^ 
fions, it is impossible to discover, to assert that tlii» 
approbation of the late Queen, to the marriage of 
the Prince of Wales with the Princess of Bruns- 
wick, was dictated by no other motives than those 
of state policy ; that the heavy debta of her fa^ 
vourite son might be more willingly and promptly 
discharged by the nation ; and that, in fact, being 
herself not blessed with any extraordinary share of 
persoiial beauty, her Majesty's encomiums on that 
of the Princess Caroline were by no means fflncere. 
Some persons appear to consider the sanctuary of 
a monarch's breast, as open to every invader} 
hence tlie great familiarity with which they speak 
when describing the motives of the King's or 
Queen's actions ; and the confidence they manifest 
in the relation of anecdotes, the facts of which Ht 
is almost impossible should ever have trarapiFed 
beyond the secret chambers of royalty iAse)f» 
However such idle and fallacioiis gossipping may 
gratify the taste, or feed the curiosity, of the igmn 
liant and the credulous, tlie historian, wbo has the 
least regard for his own reputation, or nespect for 
the understandings of his readers^ wili not dare to 
indulge ia it ; or to rest the tnith of his statements 



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5T 

dB the apocrypiial aoihority of some iliseliai^oQir 
flerFadty or the seDc^eless nunoum of a momeDt. - 

We can only conjecture concerning motives froth 
actions, and here^ it must be confessed, her late 
Majesty, does not appear to very great advantage' 
in the unhappy dispute between her son and 
daagliter«in4aw ; nor was the soddeii application: 
to PiarltameBt ibr the discharge of his Royal High- 
ness's debts, oaricnlated to make a favourable im- 
pression on the public mind, as to the motives which 
prompted such ready assent to marriage after so 
many former applications of that nature had been 
rejected. 

The sabject relative . to the payment of the 
Prinoe*s debts, and of the future establishmeilt of 
his hoQseheld, is too important* to be passed over 
with only a slight notice. ^ It shall be fully detailed 
farther on. For the present, 1^ us proceed with 
our account of the royal marriage. 

The appearance of the Princess at court wa9 
said to have been majestic, but accompanied by a 
sweetness and aflSibility of manners, which riveted 
the admiration of all that beheld her. Her eyes 
intelligent, her countenance highly animated^ and 
her teeth white and regular; her hair, of which 
she had an amaeing qumitity behind, of a light 
auburn colour, and dressed in a simple but elegant 
style. Her other dress was equally/elegant, so that 
no doubt was entertained but that her Royal High* 
would soon becon>e the standard of fashion. 

Aftw the first drawing-room had closed, th« 

8. H 

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royal family, together with the Prince of Wales and 
his amiable Bride, and numeroQs lords and ladies in 
attendance, repaired to the late Queen's Palace, 
Buckingham House, where a most splendid sup- 
per and entertainment were prepared by her Ma- 
jesty for the royal pair. Besides some other 
foreign ^royal personages, there were present at 
the supper table, the Stadtholder and his family. 

At twelve o'clock the newly married couple 
retired to Carlton House, where they slept. 

The nuptial ceremonies were announced, in the 
course of the evening, to the public, by the firing 
of the Park and Tower guns ; and the satisfactioa 
which the event g^ve to the people was displayed 
by illum^inations of a most magnificent nature. 
The burst of joy, and the manifestations of its sin- 
cerity, were as voluntai'y as they were universal. 
No mobJaw was necessary to enforce obedience 
to the general wish f3r illuminations, and other 
demonstrations of the popular sentiment ; nor was 
the evening marked by ahy of those disgraceful 
riots, disturbances, and accidents, which are so 
frequently the effects of such public proceedings. . 
On the morning of the 9th of April, the day 
after the royal marriage, the Prince and his Prin- 
cess were visited by their Majesties, the King and 
Queen, who soon afterwards left town for Windsor, 
whither they were followed by their Royal High- 
nesses. 

It may not be improper to notice in this place^ 
that amongst the. supplies granted by Parliament 



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for the year 1795, we find the following items, 
voder Jane the Idth : ** Preparations for the Prince 
of Wales's Marriage, 27,500/. ;'* and, " for com- 
pleting the works at Carlton House,'' for the 
reception of the Prince and his royal consort^ 
** 25,000//' Little more than a month after this, 
an act was passed to enable his Majesty to settle 
an annuity on the Prince of Wales ; and to make 
provision, out of his revenues, for the paymeni of 
debts due from his Royal Hfghness ; and for pre* 
renting the accumulation of debts in future ; atid 
for regulating the mode of expenditure of the said 
revenues. An act also passed, about the same 
time, for making provision for a jointure for the 
Princess of Wales ; but both these acts we shall 
notice more particularly farther on. 

Soon after the marriage, addresses of congra* 
tulation to the King and Queen, and to the Prince 
and Princess of Wales, began to pour in from 
almost every quarter ; and the city of London, 
always foremost on occasions of this nature, on 
the 17th of April, presented an address, expressive 
of the warmest congratulations to their Majesties. 
The same corporation also presented the follow- 
ing address, dated April the 23d : 

"To HIS Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, 

" May il please yonr Royal Highness. 
"The lord-nayor. aldennen. andcoroi^ona of tlie city of Lon* 
des, in eommon cottocil assembled, beg leave to congratulate year 
RflSfal Highness, on yoor recent marriage with her Serene High* 
Mas, the Prmeeaa Carolina of Bronswick. 

H2 

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"It is ^itb txtrevae pleasure and grattficttiofi that w« behold 
.your Royal Highness ao impressod with aflBsction towarda bis 
Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects^ as to form the present 
happy alliance with a princess, illustrious in rank^ and possessing 
every engaging quality ofjthe heart, united to the important situ- 
ation she fiiis, and calculated to remunerate, with conjugal felicity, 
the high honour of your Royal Higbness's affection and choice: - 

" The prospect, by this illoslrious event, of perpetuating the 
virtues of your royal house to posterity, who shall know, equally 
with ourselves, how to value the mild monarchy so admirably 
intlrwdven with oar most excellent constitution, forms a material 
part of our happiness. 

, " Depeoding, as good sul^cta ever mast, on the virtaes of the 
royal breast, so essential ,to the splendour of the tiirone, and the 
prosperity of the people, it is matter of great consolation to ns^ 
to reflect upon the inValuable example of your royal father, which, 
confirming the many graceful and amiable qualifications of your 
own mind, cannot but complete the royal character, and, in tlie 
fulness of time, mu&t make your future people bappy. 

" May your illustrious consort loug enjoy her. exalted situation, 
and may a numerous progeny, from this auspicious union^ trauamit 
the blessings under which we live to the end of time. 

f Signed, by Order of the Court J " BIXJ* 

To this affectionate and flattering address hif 
Royal Highness returned the following answer : 

" My lord-mayor and gentlemen, 
" I am truly sensible of tiiis mark of attention in the lord-mayor, 
aldermen, and commons of the city of London in common council 
assembled. I retnrn them my sincere thanks for their congratu- 
lations on the occasion of my marriage; and i^ gives nci peculiar 
satisfaction^ that they take so waAn an interest in this event.' I 
%m much gratified by the expressions of their afiectmMile attach* 
ment, wfaicli convey so strong a proof of their loyalty to tfa# 
King, and of their zealomi regard for my happiiwii»^ • 



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61 

The deputation from the corporation were re- 
ceived by his Royal Highness in the most gracious 
and aflkble manner ; and having received the above 
answer, they were admitted to kiss the Princess 
hand, and wece then introduced to the Princess, 
to whom they presented the following address : 

" To HER ROTAL UlGHNESS THE Pb1MC£S«. 

** Bfay it please your Royal Uiglmeasy 

" We his Majesty's dutiful and loyal subjecta^ the lord-mayor^ 
alJermen, and commons of the city of London, in common hatl 
assembled, take the earliest opportunity to congratulate your Royal 
Ai^ness oa Ibe bappy occasion of your marriage irHh his Royal 
liigliiiess ibe Priace of WaHs* 

** Added to the intrinsic virtues of your Royat UigUneM, tb^ 
high siatioA you are so well qualified to adorn, and your alliance 
with so distinguished a prince, the heir apparent of these happy 
realms, your Royal Highness has also powerful claims to the 
aftction of a gratefal peopk, nearly relalecl as yon are to our 
meal fracms sovereign, the father of faia subjecta. 

*' Permit then. Madam, tbe DEuthful subjects of the beat of 
Kings, to aaanre your Royal Highness of their most sincere vene« 
ration and esteem, and to believe that as your interest is now 
•ttited with that of our amiable Prince, your happiness will by 
tl^m be considered and consalted as one. 

" Long may your Royal Hrgiiiieaa shane the joy of aa splendid 
an union, and may our latest posterity receive from yM a con- 
tinuation of those blessings which can only be experienced nnder 
the government of a beloved and virtuous King. 

(Signed, hy Order of the Court J *' RIX.*' 

To this address her Royal Highness returned 
the' folb wing answer : 

" My lord^ma^or and gentlemen, 
< ^I raltm yon many tbanksTer yonrcongratalations vpon an 



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et^nl so InteresliBg to my happineBS, uid to graUfnl to my 
feelings. My seotiments ivill ever be the same with those of the 
Prince, and they have been already better expressed to you by 
binu" 

Besides these, many other similar addresses were 
presented, and similar answers returned ; and, for 
some time after the marriage, nothing but fetes 
and festivals, rejoicings and congratulations were 
heard of, interrupted ^only by the anxieties of the 
nation respecting the state of the war with France ; 
and by the interest which the long-protracted trial 
of Warren Hastings, then drawing to a close, 
exdted amongst the higher ranks of society. That 
gentleman was impeached, in the year 1786, by 
Mr. Burke, at the bar of the House of Lords, in 
the^name of all the Commons of Great Britain, 
of high crimes and misdemeanors, whilst gover- 
nor - general of Bengal ; in 1788 his trial com- 
menced, and he was acquitted by a majority of 
the Peers on the 2dth of April, 1795. This trial, 
then, lasted upwards of seven years. Its termina- 
tion, therefore, very greatly occupied the public 
attention during the rejoicings for the Prince of 
Wales's marriage. 



CHAPTER III. 



Thic frame of man is not calculated to support 
the physical excitement of perpetual joy, any more 
than it can l;>ear up under the pressure of continual 



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niserf. An storms and tempests^ though some* 
times attended with destructive consequences to 
individuals, tend to purify the atmosphere, by 
porging it of numerous noxious vapours, so in the 
moral government of the world, a wise Providence 
has ordained, that the days of our rejoicing shall be 
limited, and that there shall be '^ a time to weep/* 
as well as '^ a time to laugh ;** <' a time to mourn,*' 
as well as <'a time to dance/* An attentive ob-^ 
server of human life will discover that, in most 
cases, the means employed for the fulfilment of 
these several '' purposes under heaven,*' are to 
be found some way or other connected with that 
prime " root of ail evil" — money. ** Health** and 
^ peace*' are not the only ingredients in the com^ 
position of human happiness, as the world is at 
present constituted: they must be accompanied 
by '^competence.** In these ''three words,** in 
their most extensive signification, lie every enjoy- 
ment of human existence ; but, in the acquire- 
ment of the last, the other two, particularly the 
second, are not unfrequently very greatly endan- 
jgered. 

Thus it was in the case before us. Every thing 
appeared to go on comfortably and swimmingly : 
the King rejoiced in the marriage of his eldest 
son ; the people rejoiced in an union which bid ftiir 
to be productive of much happiness to the nation. 
But all this satisfaction was soon mixed with no 
inconsiderable portion of alloy by a message from 
his Majesty to both Houses of P^liamentt deli^ 



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6i 

Tered on the 37tli of April, <m ncconnt of thv 
debts of his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. 
Now it was that whispers began to circulate, that 
iJie Queen's motives for urging, and the PrinceV 
for consenting to the marriage, were not of the 
poreirt, or most disinterested, kind. Scarcely 
eight years had elapsed since the debts of this 
same Prince had been paid by Parliament. Tor 
understand this subject properly, it will be neces- 
sary to take a short retrospective view of the pro- 
ceeding^ in Parliament on the same topic at and 
since the year 1783, when the Prince of Wales 
came of age. At that time the King engaged 
to dllow the Prince the sum of 60,000/. per an- 
num out of the civil list, and the Commons voted 
a temporary aid of 00,000?. more for the settle-- 
ment of the Prince's household on his attainment 
of tl>e age of twenty-one years. The reader will 
hardly need to be informed, that by an express 
law, a Prince of Wales becomes of age at eighteen, 
three years earlier than the period legally permitted 
to other persons. The allowance, however, just 
mentioned, did not. take place till the Prince had 
actually attained his twenty-first year. 
' A very few years had elapsed ere it was dis* 
covered that the sums granted to the Prince were 
iaadisquate to his expenditure: for in the year 
1787, his Royal Highness was found to haVe con- 
ti'acted debts to the amownt of about 100,0001. 
exchisive of upwards of Imlf that sum expended 
OB Carlton House. 



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When this ^taie of the Prince's afiuirs was. laid 
^fbre him, he deemed it expedient to make some 
arrangements for the isatisfaction of his creditors^ 
He first made application to his father, of whose 
£lial affection he had received such repeated proofs; 
and,* io order to ensure success, be declared his 
readiness to submit his past, as well as to conform 
his future conduct, to the 'King's sole judgment 
and direction. 

J] is Majesty, on receiving this application^directr 
ed that a full statement of the Prince's afiairs should 
he laid before him. This was done ; but^ for what 
reason has never hitherto been made known, his 
•Majesty positively refused to grant the Prince the 
relief he sued for. That the King, whose own 
habits were those of strict economy and morality^ 
was offended at the real or supposed extravagance 
of the Prince of Wales^ is evident not only from 
his refusal to afford his Royal Highness any assist- 
ance, but also fi*om the circumstance of his Ma- 
jesty's conveyanjce of that refusal through one of 
his principal oflScers of state, and not, as oil former 
occasions of this nature, by a direct and personal 
conMHunieation. r: 

Every, one, 1911st applaud the measures tidppted 
bj ins Royal Highness on the receipt of this mes* 
sage from the. Kii^g.' .With an example worthy 
of imitation, the Prince, the very day afterwards, 
diSDiissed the officers of his court, and reduced his 
establishment to that of a private gentleman. He 
also ordered his horses t^ be sold, the works at 
3. I 

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06 

C!arlton House to be discorikimied^ and all aach 
^arts as Avere not necessary for his personal nse^ 
to be instantly shut up. His expemtes were thus 
reduced to 5000/. a*year, kod the rest of his income 
•was appropriated to the discharge of his debts, 
amounting to about 260,000/. This was in July, 
1786. . 

This determination, however, savouring, perhapa, 
of some degree of petulance, at least in the hasty 
manner in which the Prince appeared resolved to 
carry it into execution, had no tendency to allay, 
l^t possibly to increase, the anger of the King : 
4br, on the providential escape of his Majesty from 
i|n attempt to assassinate him, by Mai^aret Nichol- 
aan, a lunatic, which was made about this time, no 
official communication was made of that important 
event to his Royal Highness the Prince of ^aleli; 
and when, after having heard of it by a private 
individual, he hastened to present his congratula- 
tions to the King at Windsor, be was admitted 
to the presence of the Queen only : a circumstance 
strongly indicative of his Majesty's feelings and 
sentiments concerning the Princess conduct. 

Thus harassed in his mind, and frustrated in his 
views of emancipation without an appeal to the 
public, his Royal Highness was strongly urged by 
several leading members of the House pf CJom- 
mons to throw himself and his aflairs on thegene^ 
tosity of the nation. To this measure, it wasfAiidi 
the Prince at length assented. 

This^boweverj was a plan of relief which would 



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87 

be attended witii considerable difficulty and deK<« 

cacy iadeed. If «»pposed and persisted in» it 

would probably lead to ^ disclosureB" (—a very 

portentoas and awfal word !*--•) relative to many 

circomfltoncee connected with the Prince*» debts^ 

and the manner and cause of their having beeii 

contracted, which wonld quake no very favourable 

impfesgion on the pablic mind« Mr. Alderman 

Newnham, however, in the Houm of Commoust 

demiMRded of the chancellor of the exchequer^ 

^whether his Majesty's ministers had any intention 

to bring foi^ard a ptoposition to rescne the Prince 

of Wales from his embarrassed sitaation. For, 

observed the alderman, thongh the iVince's con« 

doct, under Uie dificnlties with which he laboured, 

reflected the highest honour on his character, be 

thought it would bring indelible disgrace upon the 

nation if he were suffered to remain any longer in 

his present reduced oireumstances ; his debts then 

amomiting to 10d,648/» 

To this Mr. Pitt replied, that it was not his duty, 
as n servant of the King, to make any motion, or 
to bring forward this subject in any way, unlets 
he had previously received his Majesty's command 
to that effect. Mr. Mewnham, therefore, gave 
Botice of his inteiition to bring the Subject regu* 
larly before the House on the 4th of May, 1787. 

In the mean time, the Prince's friends were not 
idle in canvassing for support amongst the inde* 
pendent members of P&rKament. 

The ministers, however, w«re evidently averse 
12 

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68 

to the subject being publicly difsdussed in Pairlia- 
ment; and, on the 24th of .the lifinie m<mtby Mr. 
Pitt requested thatMr..Ald6ruiaaNeivnhaim would 
inform the House more particularly of the motion 
he intended to make, at the same time, adverting^ 
to the extreme delicacy of the subject^ he declared, 
that the knowledge he posseaa^d of many eircom- 
stances relating to it, made hioi extremely anxiioiia 
to persuade the House, if possible, to prevent the 
discussion of it. Should, however, the honourable 
member persist in his determination to bring it for* 
ward, it would be absolutely i^cessary to lay ihbse 
circumstances before the public ; and, ho WQ vet; tils* 
tressing it might prove to him, as an individual, 
from the profound respect he entertained ft>r every 
part of the royal family, he should discharge his 
duty to the public, and enter fully into the subject; 

On the 27th Mr, Newnliam, in compliance with 
the request that had been made, signified to the 
House, that the u^otion he intended to make would 
be to the following effect : ** That an humble ad- 
dress be presented to his Majesty, praying him to 
take into his royal consideration, the present state 
of the affairs of the Prince of Wales, and to grant 
him such relief as his royal wisdom should think 
fit, and that the House would make good the 
tame." 

Although the question was not then regularly 
before the House, the notice of the motion pro« 
duced a warm debate ; and, on the 80th, Mr. Al- 
derman Newnham ro#e to make a few observatiotii^ 



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PD what bad passed daring those debates. A rio- 
leirt altercation ensued, and on the following day 
overtures were tnade to his Royal Highness to 
bring the business to a private accovimodation. * 

A few. days after this Mr. Pitt had an audience 
^itb Uie FriRce at Carlton House ; and, the wme 
Bight, his Royal Highness was informed, in general 
terms by his Majesty's command, that if the motion^ 
intended to be made the next day in the House of 
CTommons, should be withdrawn, every thing might 
be settled to his Highnesses satisfaction. 

Accordingly, Mn-Newnbami being in his place 
in the House, in which upwards of four hundred 
members were assembled, rose and si^id he felt 
the highest satisfaction in being able to ii^form the 
House, that his intended motion was no longer 
necessary, and here the matter ended, as far, at 
least, as the public were concerned, or rather made 
acquainted with. 

Who does not recognise, in these .transactions, 
some similarity between them and certain recent 
events ? But I must not anticipate the facts of this 
history. Recrimination is the meanest and most 
contemptible of all attempts at justification ; but 
there are cases in which to retort on an opponent 
may not only be just, but necessary for self-defence. 
As, however, I have undertaken to write a Ltfe of 
the present Queen, and not either a defence or 
otherwise, of her Majesty's conduct, I may well 
be excused every Hiring in the shape of dispute or 
recrimination^ 



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70 

Noiwitllstanriing tfce arrang^roentotlwt'Iibdfbecw 
liiade for the adjtfstmeiit and liquidation of the 
Prince of Wales^s debts in 1787, on the 27tb 
April, 179A, « messag^e from the King was de* 
fiyered to both EEooses of Parliament, mentionuig 
other debts. This message stat^ the reliance dT 
Iris Majesty npon their liberality and affeoiioi]^ fte 
(^nabltAgf him to setde an establishment on tlie 
ih'ikiee and Mis aognst Bride suited to their raids 
and df gmty ; tikat the benefit of any settleiaent no# 
to be made coald not be effectoaUy seenred to th4 
PHnee, tit) he iras reGerec^ from his {H^esent en- 
cumbrances to a large amount; but that hi»Mn« 
|esty fKd not propose to his Parliament any othet 
means of pre viding fw this object, than the ap^ 
plication of a part of the incene that ml^y be settled 
on the Prince, and the appropriation,, for a certain 
time, of the revennes of the duchy of Oomirall; 
declaring his readiness to concur in angp plan of 
establishing a proper «nd regubr ammgenettt in 
the Frinee's^ future expenditotfe, and of goardinig 
against the possibility of hris being again iitvolvedv 

This suggestion nainrally reminded the. Honsd 
that, on the former occasion, only eight years beforev 
it was distinctly stated^ that '^ his Majesty had 
recerred, from his Royal Highness the strongest 
assurances that no such embarrassment shoidd again 
occur/* Accordingly, i^hen Mr. Pitt moved, for 
a committee to consider of the Kings's Biiessage,. 
Colone)^ Stanley moved for reading the address tb 
ihe House on the 24th of May, 1783. Upon this 



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71 

h&Bf done,, he ohflenred, that the HoMe had al- 
ready liberally paid the debtH vf. the Prince; -wA 
.he wished far u call of the Houses, that the «t* 
tendance, upon an affair of such importance^ ttugllt 
be as fnll as possible. This was opqposed by Mr* 
Pitt, who stated that it was not his Majesty's inten- 
tion to require a.speeific sam for the discharge 4f 
the principal debts, but te set apart a certsfih pon- 
tion of that ineoiBe which might be grairitod by the 
Jiberality of parliament, to their, gradual discharge. 
An establiahasent for the Prince had loag been a 
matter of general expjpctatioB. In a provision ta 
•he made for snpporling the dignity and splendour 
of therPriabe of Wales, it was certainly necessary 
to remove from his affairs all dogs and embarrasi* 
meats. Comparing the grants made to the grand- 
father of his fioyal Highness, at a time when the 
scale of expense was infinitely less, the sum to be 
now proposed was comparatively small. He en- 
larged upon .the necessity of supporting the dignity 
andsplaMlour of the royal femily in every branch; 
and that, on a subject of such general obviousnesi, 
there was no necessity for a call of the House. 

Whatever was the mode in which this business 
was to be performed, it was contended, by Mt. 
Grey, that it was, in fiuct, a provision from Parlia- 
ment for pitying the delits of the Prince, This 
Jiad been slated as only an additional income to 
his Rpi^al 'Highness ; which had a tendency tp 
mislead die public; and as it could ultimately 
nuikeig^ di^iMioe to them, he thought it best at 



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72 

once to pay the debfai, and to create a tax avowedly 
and Apeciiically for this purpose. From a review 
of the burdens laid, and to be laid, upon the people, 
"he objected to the statement which had been made, 
•that. the sum proposed was not greater than the 
-House would be disposed to grant to support his 
honour and dignity, even if he had no debt. That 
-dignity and that honour would, he said, be best 
supported by the Prince showing a feeling heart 
fur the distresses of the poor. A long conversation 
took place respecting this second application of 
4;he Prince, and in the coi|rse of it, Mr. Sumner 
thought, that, before the House conKented to dis- 
charge any fresh obligations incurred by his Royal 
'Highness, it *vas incumbent upon. Ahem to know 
how their former grants had been qppliftd. . Such 
a retrospect was not, however, thought neces- 
sary. 

The extent of the debts was stated at between 
6 and 700,000// no part of which could be defrayed , 
out of the civil list, as so many charges had lately 
fallen upon that. He expatiated upon the interest 
which the House hadiu;pr:i09er¥ing the hereditary 
succession, and in supporting the character of the 
hereditary house of Brunswick. Before the House 
gave \»ay to heat or resentment, they vrould do 
well to consider, that in the issue of the discussion 
were involved the credit of the l^ereditary monarchy, 
and consequently the safety of the country* To 
this it was shortly replied by Mr. Mjartin, that the 
way which appeared best calculated for theproserr 



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YitioB of the bfr^ttary won^rctiy, yfii$ to prcivent 
it from being oppresftive to the p^ople^ 

The further coofideration . of thie Prince'^ debts 
was remined on the |4t;b of May, tyhea Mr; 
HiisBey proposed Umt tbe reports of the com- 
missiooers on the state of die €rown-land$ should 
be referred to the present cominiUee. The motion 
was»bowever> otjected tp, as not proper in the 
present stage of the proceedings and irrelevant 
tP the subject, and was accordingly negatived.; 
and the House proceeded to take into qonsidei^tioa 
the message from bis Maj^^ty r^ative to the 
establisbfl^ent of the Prince and Princess of W^l^i^ 
and the liquidation of tb^. debts of tlie PritiCe. 

After an aniuiated ex^d^m^ in wbipb fi^ ipot*" ' 
mediate, interest ef the ooimtry, ji| sapgp^rtitig the^ 
dignity and splendour of the royal family »w<t$ 
Wrongly insisted. upon by ]\|.r. Pitt, he' proceeded 
to iitate the n^es^ity of an ^ddi^i^nat establishment 
on account of ibe maniage of the:PnQoeir 4i)d iv 
jointttue for ]iet ]R»oyal Highness* Thase were the 
mdy , objects to which be wished to direct the 
fonsideiration of the committee* The present in-' 
soae of th'0 Prince was 00,000^ a^year, exclusive 
sf the doeby of Cornwall, which was about 13,000<« 
por annum. Fifty years ago, his grandfather, then 
Prince of Wales, possee^Msd a net income of 100,000/. 
per annmn, in addition to tlie duchy of ComwalL 
Eighty years, ago, his great grandfather, then 
Prioce of Wales, had 100,000/. without that duohy. 
From a raView of these establishments, the House 

4. K 



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74 

vould see that his present Royal Highness ought 
to have a considerable addition, even if he was not 
encumbered with debt The difference of expense, 
between the former period and the present time, 
amounted, he thought, to at least one-fourth of the 
whole income. He therefore proposed that the 
income of his Royal Highness should be 125,000/. 
per annum, exclusive of the duchy of Cornwall* 
This was no more, he thought, than the committee 
would be disposed to allow to the Prince on the 
event of a marriage which they approved and re- 
joiced in. Here, he said, rested the present question : 
with respect to regulations to be made hereafter, 
he should state the preparations for the marriage at 
27,000/. or 28,000/. for jewels and plate, and 26,000/. 
for finishing Carlton House. The jointure of the 
Princess to be 50,000/. a-yew. The debts of his 
Royal Highness, which were for future considera- 
tion, he stated at nearly 680,000/. up to the last 
April quarter; besides which, there were some 
debts in which he was security for his brother ; 
but, from their meritorious exertions, such debts 
were in such a train of liquidation, and a course of 
punctual discharge, that there was no fear of their 
becoming burdensome to the public. He wished to 
take the sense of the House on the best mode of 
freeing his Royal Highness from his encumbrances, 
and was convinced, that, before the House should 
take any step for their liquidatioji, they ought to 
be clearly stated for accurate investigation ; and 
for this purpose be wished to know whether the 



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75 

Home would prefer a secret cominittee, vhich wa« 

tbe moet eicpeditious mode, or whether tbey would 

lea've the whole to be settled ttiider a legislative 

proTisioti. Whatever mode was adopted, it was 

necesaary that regard shoald be had to a prdvisioti 

mgainst contractitig debts in future/ It was, he 

thought, necessary tiiatParKament should mark the 

sense they entertained of the manner in which his 

Royal Highness had inctarred his present embarraw-* 

ments; and in that view tbe liquidation of the debt 

might properly be a tax on the aifiiiaence of the 

Pi^ce. He should, therefore^ in a fdture stage of 

this proeeedingy propose certain provisions for 

liqoidatiiig the debts out of the duchy of Cornwall^ 

and tbe other income of his Royal Highness, cer-^ 

tain parts of which should be vested in the h^nds of 

commissioners, to dischat^e the debt and interest 

at foorper cent., except such as bore legal interest 

at five. For this purpose he proposed 25,000^ a« 

year riwuld be. set apart# which would Aischarga 

the debt in about twenty^seven years. In case of 

the demise of tbe Prince of Wales within that tim^^ 

25,0002. wonld.be charged annually on that suc" 

'tesaion; but in the event of the demise of tbe 

crown and of his Royal Highness within that tlme^ 

the bwden must fall on the consolidated fund« 

Them were, he said, two heads to be attended to* 

in the business under consideration, — the punctual 

pejment of tbe debts already contract^^-^andithat 

BO farther debts should be incurred. For this pur-^ 

pose, no arrear should^ on any pretence, go beyond 

K2 

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7» 

Ibe, qtmitiM-fO-'tbat MbU not tliai clAiined ahoold 
mrboUy lapfe^ — that debte Umis claimed AmJA be 
punctuany paid, and no otbar. Mr^ Pitt fovthar 
proposed U invest Carlton Uoumc to the atoWf^sfw 
pyer^ ^bat the fornitane fib<)ald be opwideredaa an 
beirloom ;. and that all suits, for recovery ;of diebta 
from bis Royal Highness,, should lie against fail 
pfficers. He eonoludedJ>y.iDoying, that bis Majesty 
be enabled :to appropriate 6&fiOOL aiiii6ally,!as an 
establishment jfbr the Prince of Wales. 

Mr. Grey {professed hioiself e^ially a friend to 
the real dignity and sj^endour of the monarchy 
with Mr. Pitt. That the Pnnce of Wales ought 
to have an establishment on the present occasion, 
there could be no doubt ; nor was there a doinfat 
that it vpould be granted by the people; but tibs 
Stability of the monarchy did not depend upon 
establishments; and there might be occasions in 
which tp relinquish tbem would he attended.with 
more reai dignity than could be derived from: the 
greatest splendour and expense. With respecst to 
increaaing the present income of hiis Boyal High<t 
ness in: proportion to the diffiexence which had tal^en 
place betwesfei the incomes of former prineca of 
Waks,on acbaimt of the general incrasKse of cx«« 
peose, .persons, in apportioning the rate wi thcitf 
expenses^ must consider the means whence it ^Ras 
to be drawn; JEf the estate, which was the'sonrce 
of the income, was burdened with debt, h eonan^ 
quent necesMty miint arise for a caiiailmeDt of em^ 
pense. In a period of such public distess as the 



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77 

pkiunU warn it proper to eKoeed the ptoSfiiwik^ 
fNrdier feriodi ? and ivould. the legislature sanction 
the gemitl habit of expense, "wiiich threiKteoed.the 
iwbveraioii /even W 4Jie cowtiiiution ilself .^/ It Iras 
tUshabit idiich annihiiated the independence of the 
mih, anda^gna^audlibemiffeiMesofthepaor* Thfe 
4teU(fQ^ afibMa ef this njrstenH in anodiefi cemrtry^ 
^oght to! iiieiileaia'the iurce«sity of moderatioo im 
the pre$ent Bonent. The e^aUishment ef the 
iiie Prince of Wales, for several years! after his 
miHnage, tiinoiineted only to ^SOfiOOl. it wa nek in-* 
«eaeed^ titt altfer his family were groim ap } juod; 
na afifdioation w«s made to Parliament for the pay>«' 
meali of his deUy. Mr. Grey remarked sereral 
iwenableneiea m the'4;f»dii6t of the chaneellb^ df 
^ tochaqoer. reapeiting the Prinoe^aaflMys. The 
origiiidl imcqafte of hif»rRoyat Big^eaSf inolading 
tbe^nehy.ef r€k>niv^l, itras &)fimL Afterwards, 
^bmhis.dabta were discharged, and an addition of 
JAJDfidL made to hia k\^ame^ that gentleman had 
stated tt aa so ' ample,' as to |>at it beyond jk>nbt 
thai he waa in a cdpsitiiy of nnainitaMiing the 
estohKdnnelitdde to Kki^aak; y^, thfoagliike ac* 
cosmtaon the table, JCehitiTeto the necesaniryiiilerease 
of expeiiae, did not exoeed r2,000/.«^he proposed an 
addttjloa to the e9ta|>Hshfneiit, to the Moount' of 
H^MiOl' Vhis sum he thooght disproportionate,; 
and more than the Hoiise ongbt to grant. Ue was 
willtngy however^ to go the length of the liberality 
of foroner times* An to th^ encumbrances of the 
Krince^ ttie part he. had taluu on sl former occasion 



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7S 

Mmpelled him Co resist the miaUert claim diat conld 
be made in the present instance. If a som had 
been accamalated out of the savings of the dodiy 
of Cornwall cknring the minority of the Prince»— 4f 
a resource could be presented by a reduction of 
these trappings of state which encumbered without 
adorning monarchy, — or if any aid could be derived 
from the great savings which were stated to have 
taken place during the indisposition of a great per- 
sonage,— -he was astonished that any application 
should now be made to Parliament. From disap* 
probation of the mode in which the debts were 
contracted, and as the only way to prevent similar 
demands, he wished to make no provision for thenw 
By the statement of so lai^ a sum as necessary 
for the establishment of the Prince, and nothing 
done to lessen the scale of expenditure, he thought 
an encouragement was held out, or an excuse pro- 
vided, for the contraction of new dfebts. Great 
regard h&d been professed for the dignity of bis 
Royal Highness ; but what could be more degfrad* 
ing to him, than to tie him down in the mode pro«> 
prosed ? The best dignity, and the truest greatness, 
was integ^ty of character, without which no re- 
spect for rank or greatness would long avail. The 
best means for the House to pursue, was to grant 
the Prince a suitable income, but refuse entering 
into any di^ussion of the debts. He was sensible 
of, ieind lamented, the inconvenience which this 
would produce to the Prince of Wales: but unfor- 
tunately there was only h choice of evils; and^ 



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79 

this was tlie least. Let him retire to a sitaation 
where he might, by reflection, qualify himself for 
the duties of his future station, and endearour to 
come ta a composition with his creditors^ who^ in 
such a case, would be satisfied with easy terms; 
and would not there even then be a sufiicient pro- 
vision for the comfort of two persons who had other 
resources to look to? Mr. Grey concluded by 
moving, that, instead of 66,000f. an additional sum 
of 40,0002. should be granted to his Royal High- 
ness. 

The original motion was supported by Mr. Lamb* 
ton, as including every advantage which could be 
obtained from the present discussion. The amend* 
ment must either put the Prince in a situation to 
contract fresh debts, or exile him from the metro- 
polis; and, in his situation, an intercourse with 
all ranks of people was necessary. He considered 
the income as not granted from personal considera- 
tions, but loyalty to his illustrious houflhs. Part of 
the present evil, he said, resulted from an ill- 
judged parsimony in the first instance. When the 
income of the Prince was only 60,000/. they paid 
his debts, from the estimate of which, it might 
have been perceived he was spending 100,000/.: 
those who had once got into debt, and found it easy 
to supply from their credit, were more and more 
inclined to plunge into the vortex ; for the truth of 
which, he appealed to many who were then present. 
No comparison could, be thought, be instituted be- 
tween any imprudence imputable to- his Royal 



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m 

Hi^\nm% sod tfie ex.UaTiif an06 of the Pfcsm^ 
pttiucea. . . 

. Tbe oecessity of ecomnny^ moderation^ ainl pror 
liiducbr at the present crimn, i?as Atrongly reootti«- 
mGuMd by Mr. CtirWen ; and the sno^e argiimeut^ 
were enforced by Mr. :B»k4oo» ft was observed 
^y Mr. W. Smith, tkat thie> iuma gpiven to. former 
fN^inces of .Wales had been, granted from tbe civi) 
)«^t He tiiottgbt that fj^endoor aiid dignity bad 
been soften i confounded iu Ike dontae of the dflMttek 
Splendour, on some occasions, might add to digr 
iiity ; bnty.in oUiers, dignity might be mostefieetu^ 
ally consisted by an obatemeBt of splendour^ 

Mr. Fox admitted the Mcessity of supporting 
the si^emlour of tbe crown as an estM^ntial pari oi 
die constitution, but did not (KiderKtand caUmg it^ 
as it had been called, the centre of the constitution. 
He did not regard the estaUiahmeots of former 
princes of Wales as the most creditaUe part of the 
history of the house of BroBSwick* The estabUsh* 
ment of George IL when Prince of Waks^ bad 
been a mere matter of party; still more w Waa 
that of bis son. The establishment of the latter 
had been 60^0002. wlien he happened, to differ, in 
opinion from his Majesty's ministers, and 1 00,000/. 
when he agreed with tlieui. Mr* Fol. delicately 
adverted to the suspicious circmn^tanees in which 
such a transaqtipn placed that piince, and wisiied 
tUa Hoiit^ to avoid such a conduct as might ex^ 
poBQ the Prince of Wales to similar suspicions^ 
Vie blanned tbe seantioess of the former incest 



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61 

granted to his Royaf Hi^bnes^, and exculpated 
irimself for having concurred in it on the ground 
of its having been an experiment, and that great 
deference was due to his Majesty, who gave 
50^0002. a-y ear out of the civil list. A few years 
afterwards, other ministers advised his Majesty to 
^ply to Parliament to exonerate the civil listt from 
this allowance. In 1787, provision was made hy 
iJ^rHament ifor paying the debts of his Royal High- 
ness; and 10,0002. a-year was added to his income. 
This he thought insufficient, but could not oppose 
it^ after both his Majesty and the Prince had de- 
clared that it was sufficient. The declaration of 
his Royal Highness, that he would not again apply 
^to Parliament, had greatly surprised him ; it was, 
however, a promise which, in honour, he thought 
himobKged tokeep. It was, however, the opinion 
of ministers, that 00,000/. a*year, in addition td 
tbe^ duchy of Cornwall, was sufficient for rein- 
stating the Prince in all his splendour. Upon what 
principle, then, did they now say that 125,000/. a- 
year was necessary ? This, he thought, could^not 
arise from his marriage, — a circumstance which, 
whatever change it made in the lower classes, very 
little altered the expenses of those in superior life. 
How then could those who, in 1787, said 73,000/. 
a-year was sufficient, say that 1 88,000/. must be 
necessary now ? It seemed that, like his grand-^ 
father, ministers measured the extent of his allow* 
ance by the degree of approbation he bestowed 
upon their measures. He was not actuated by the 
4. X 

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89 

same motiveSf aocl $hould therefore vole for tbf 
larger smn, providing that no similar applioaticift 
ahould be made to Parliament in future^ Wm tli^ 
Prince of Wales the first example the House woiild 
select for reform, or, in some sort, for pani«h«- 
ment ? It would ill become him to b^ very pointed 
in his disapprobation' of imprudent expenses ui 
others ; but he would say to Westminster, to tha 
public at large, *^ if you complain of increased 
habits of expense, begin the reformation by re^ 
forming yourselves." Considering the infloenoe 
allowed to the crown, was it seemly to aet 
harshly and austerely towards a prince who bad tt# 
such influence ? Something on this occasion might, 
he thought, have, been spared from the civil lisL 
Queen Anne, from a civil list of 600,000/. gavit 
100,000/. towards the support of the war, Qeovge L 
out of 700,000/. a-year, gave J00,000/L for the 
establishment of his heirs : and George II. the 
same sum. In the American war. Parliament paid 
a large debt for the civil list, and add^d to if 
100,000/. a-year. The sum for the privy purse 
had been gradually increased from 36,000/. to 
60,000/. a-year. Why should not the establish* 
ment of the Prince be proportionably increased? 
After the promise given in 1787, and that no 
engagement appeared on the part of his Royal 
Highness against future calls of the same nature^ 
he was averse to noticing the debts. On account, 
merely of the Princess of Wales, for whom tbet 
House, by its addresses, was pledged to make a 



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FrJiiM f ttmi h» ^mtitftTMMnaiittM btrt not witboMt a 
iiitidHg fbnd IW liquidatiii^ tke tleM^ witkin a 
rWMftaMe tihie. Ti^ mmH sum pf^pased by tha 
mltlitter for li^tiidaiiti^ hit ikbte, tlie pkyment of 
whiieh ipnrald U^e iwetfty^aieveti years, ha thought 
tmlj e^pMEld the Fritti^e to itfjurioos rdBeetions on 
tlia part of tha puMio : ralitiquithing part of his 
rtate for tba priMMSk^ would leata a turn for tha 
pajiloaat of Ms diMs in A shoYt titna^ at the end of 
which tha puUit watild g;otn a beloved and respect, 
ed ¥eitkte of Wale* ; and his futata yeahs mmt be 
prosperaalfiivdeedi if he coanied the years of hid 
prbMtiofl dn the hMt bap^ijr of lUs lifb. For thii 
pttifMMf he wished tha Fhnoa td ^e up 65fO0M. 
a^foar^ ^itb the in<iotna of the dcrcHy of Cornwall, 
for tha dwoharg'e of bis debts. The sate of the 
daehy would aflise* this touch sooner, and without 
axpente to the pobKe. il« had been kiformed 
it woidd sail for 800,0001. he #o«dd state it at 
600,000/. and the Prince's life interest ia it at 
80O,OO«;. Thare w<Kild then only remaMi 3S!0,00D/. 
of debt, wbich the fund ha had toetitioned would 
pay off in three or four years. Mr. Pox strongly 
ad^foed pratfAutious for the prevention of futaro 
debts^ provided tbey were appliad to all fa^ura 
hin^ and princes ; bM thought there were incon- 
Tatifetices, ia making the officcirs of the Prince 
responsible for his debts, which could not be ob- 
^iatad. Again be urged the propriety of faia 
Majesty having cMfie forward, and asioed whether 

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84 

it ws|8 for4he iofereiit of r^altr govemwentt that 
monarcbs diould never appeur to feel any portiqn 
of the publMb adversity. He bhfurged ^ccepsive 
ministers with having af^proptlat^d the r^v^mues. 
of the duchy of: Qornwall to (be civil liat dui^ing 
the minority of the Prince. It was, he said, % 
miserable j^a, that they had been expended On 
his education. Would any man of fortiune, whoae 
son had a distinct income, . charge him with the 
expenses of hia educaifton?. Upon its beipg ob^ 
jected by Mr. Wilberforce,. that the sali^ xnf the 
dochy of Cornwall would be as mwh an ex|ien(e 
to the public as taking mondy in any other way, 
Mr. Fox stated, tba:t a life interest, which might be 
valued, belonged to the Pl-in^e, the reversion ta 
the public, and would still be at their di9posal< 
On a division for Mr. Grey's amendment, th^ 
noes were 260, ayes 99. * On a divi9ion for repair* 
ing Carlton House, there were against it 90, and 
for it 248. For the expenses of the marriage 24 1 , 
against it 100. 

On the 28th of May, the chancellor of the ex* 
chequer gave notice, that he should, on the Mon* 
day following, move a proposition^ by way of 
instructton to the committee^ for setting apart a 
sum from the income voted, for th^ liquidation of 
the debts. To this Mr. Ppwis observed^ that it 
was necessary to regulate the prevention of future 
debts, as well as the liquidation of those already 
contracted, and professed his disappointment that 
no communication had been made to the Hoo^e 



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8y 

bmm die p^iroDmost imnie^iatciy interedted in the 
boBiiess. This produced^on the Jst of June, a 
message from the Prince of Wales, which was 
broBgfat down by Mr. AnfAruther, and stated that 
kis Royal Highness wap' desiroas to laoquiesce in 
whatever mig^C be this sentiments of the House, 
both with respect to his future expenditure, and 
the appropriation of any part of the income they 
ntgiit grant hinii for the discharge of his debts : 
his wish was entirely to consult the wisdom of 
Fsriiament. He was perfectly disposed to acqui- 
esce in any abatement of splendour they ni%ht 
judge necessary; and desirbd> to have nothing' but 
what the eoontry might be cordially dispoised to 
think he oaght to have; in 6n6, that whatever 
measores were taken by Parliament, would meet 
with his hearty concuprence. ' 

The chancellor of the exchequer congratulated 
the House upon the loyalty always shown by 
them, the vigilant care with which they guaided 
die money of their constituents, and the propriety 
of the conmranication from his Royal Highness, 
and concluded by moving that a committee should 
he appointed to bring in a bill relative to a general 
FSgalation of the expenditure of his Royal High- 
ness, and an appropriation .of part of his income 
for the discharge of his debts* This was opposed 
hy Mr. Duncombe, who disapproved of the inter- 
ference of Parliament in the discharge of the 
Prince's debts, and declared that he looked to 
other '^IjMmirces for this purpose,-- the justice of 



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86 

his Royal HigbAefiis to provide for %h% payoiint mt^ 
l^s just debts, — bis fataUd ee^^mimy in tb« f0gm* 
latioD'of his bouidehold, — add th^ munifiGmM ef 
bis Majesty. The latter of tfaese ramUrcttl mm 
stall further aUverted Ui by Mn Coritin^ who re* 
grett^d thai no oemnnunieation had been mad^ dn 
this subject from the liigibest tH)ur<{e4 Mri> Bast^rd^: 
Mr. Sturt> Mr. Bankes» and Mr^ Qjr^y^ $tiU far- 
ther opposed the payment of tbcs debts^. Tbe 
Imtter geotlemun^ io strong t^rfiAs^ blamed minia*. 
ters for not havings taken eare to enforce tbe-aatai^ 
ance formerly given to the Hoasei and cbltrged 
tbem wil^ an attempt to confound, the present 
qoestion, as the additional mm, beyond what bild 
been, granted to former princes^ Certainly wai 
giyen with a view to th^- disebarge of the debt* 
Many means were, he said, in the posdesftiori of 
aa ilhistrions personage ; and fr9ni regard to hia 
^laily^ and to royalty, it might be hoped he Would 
€iai]^ forward with his assistance j the latter of 
wkieb,. he obseiTod, ^* eatt only be b0»t preserved 
by rendering it a» little an possible oppressive to 
the peopte."^ 

The conduct of ministers on this occasion was 
▼indicated by Mr. 0nndto, who rtated, that, as 
the House had. already decided for an income of 
125,0002., the motion merdy was, whether the 
wbole should be left to the disposal of tfao Prince, 
or whether the expenditure should be put under 
regulations with a view to the. gradual extinction 
ef the debts> It was impossible Ihe HMMe should 



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«7. 

mfMe tQ cMiplj with ii» tfqm$t of the Piiote of 

W«lefl# to ttpply hi« iv^oiu in such a vray by legisr 

Mti¥« tegolatiav m would he most conducive tf 

U« 4ignity mid p^noaal comfort, and the security 

qC hia cf«dito0s. With respeet to the assistance re»- 

feived to, the House had frequently had oceasioji 

to see the situation of his Majesty respecting the 

civil listt particularly on occasions of granttof 

^ estabKshments to tbe Duke of Clarence, and th« 

DakB of York on liis marriage ; part pf tbe pror 

Timn feraially. made for the payment of his Royal. 

Highnesses debts arose from the liberality of his 

Majesty. The civil list was wholly appropriated 

te paiticular purposes, except the sum allotted for 

Jut Msgesty's psivy purse* Be knew not of the 

existence of any such sum as had been referred Us 

and slated the numerous family of his Majesty: 

Ibe Pfintt of AB^ales, he saidi was the last who 

wif^ be supposed to have such a claim, as, from 

tike sitaalion in which be stood^ he was the peculiar 

-car%ivf tbe public* 

A strict scrutiny into the n^iture of the debts was 
strongly recommencied by several of the memberSt 
particularly Mr. Powis, Mr. W. Smith, and Mr« 
Wilberforce. Mr. Fox was surprised at tbe op* 
position made to the present question ; it was not 
ealUnfC ^P^^^" the people to pay tbe debt in any 
d^^e, though it was clear that a request would 
come to call upon the public for security against 
the contingent demise of his Royal Highness. Tbe 
OMiticvi operely enabled the Prince to set aside part 



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8S 

ofhis income for the pajment of his debts ; whicb 
lie could not do effectadty without the aid of Par- 
liament: Mr. Fox enlarged upon the glorious op^- 
portnnity afforded in the present instance for the 
display of royal munificence, and lamented that 
bis Majesty bad not been advised to lead the way 
upon this occasion. Again he. urged the sale of 
the duchy of Cornwall on the triple motives of 
lessening the influence of the crown, of advantaging 
the people, and of relieving his Royal Highness 
from dependance on the crown. It was allowed by 
Mr. Anstruther, that Parliament had certainly the 
power of selling the duchy of Cornwall ; but as the 
absolute property did not rest in the Prince of 
. Wales, the House had an equal right to order the 
sale of any other estate. He denied that the dilchy 
was worth nearly so much as had been represented. 
An amendment was proposed by Mr. Sumner to 
leave out that part of the motion which appro- 
priated any part of the income of the Prince to 
the payment of his debts; which was seconded by 
Mr. Grey, who again complained that those who, 
like him, had been willing to grant the Prince a 
suitable allowance, bot thought the House had 
nothing to do with his debts, had not been fairly 
dealt with. Mr. Pitt vindicated himself from any 
inteniion of wishing to act unfairly ; and in this 
be was supported by Mr. Fox, who urged that the 
House was not by this vote pledging itself to pay 
the debts, This opinion was dissented from by 
Mr. Sheridan, who censured the mode that had 



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iMti partaed. ~ The public never toujd belteTe 
that the minister wotild pfop€>8e an . annual income 
of IS^yOOOf. for the l^ince, wiUiout any reference 
to fab debts. He wiabed no in^tractioM to be* 
ghren to the committee for the payment of the 
ddbte,' yet thought they ought to be immediately 
paid/for the dignity of the country, and the situation 
of the Prince. The amendment was negatived by 
m minority of 114, and the original motion carried 
by a migority of 196, 

On the 6th of June, the chancellor of the ex« 
cheaper brought up an account of the proceeds of 
the duchy of Cornwall during the minority of the 
Frioce of Walesy an abstract of the debts,* and an 
aeceunt of the application of 25,000/. for finishing 
Carlton flecise. He then stated, that^ previous to 
the qiMstion of what proportion of the Prince's 
income shoidd be set apart for the payment of his 
debts, it .was necessary for the House to ascertain 
whether they would incur the contingent risk of 
defray mg such portion of those debts as should be 

* DebU on varioaa secnrities, and bearing ioterjett 500^71 19 I 

AiQoiMit of tradesmen's bilU unpaid 86,745 

Traideamen'a bilJs» and arrears of establishment 

fttitoibelOlh of October, 1794, to^prjl 5,1795 52,573 5 3 



Total ;e639,890 4 4 



The several sums paid from the revenues of the duchy of Com- 
wall during the minority of his Royal Highness the Prince of 
Wales, from the dlst of July, 1763, to the 7th of May, 1783 
aaKNMi4loa08;7e4^. Us. 2d. ' 

4. M 

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ufip«i<I' in th^ ^^9i Cif tba demise p( Jm lUifnt 
illghiii^si, {^ \K«8 JbU intciMtioo- tfi mm^' in ikhfe 

djucby oi C>^imfrf^h ^hiiijkl l^e ^et ^nnt fw:tlw 
liqiiii4ation )9f Jkhe 4ebtf^ n^Jiing fia)aiHiial .somv^f 
78^000/. TheburdfD couM ii<H l»r Ahrpfrn ji|mi« 
lilp^ cml li«t» 'whiAh, injlfaie e^amt of theidaiowiirf 
^ Prince^ moM he tebargM vi<ii th^ f^itttena of 
dneiPriiiceta. He sbowld i^iwfqiiei mwe^ At^tAm 
committee have a discretionai|r p<liFWAi»(pmirid^ 
OQtt of fhe kef^}iwyt^ywi^e,^^iheMfmt»(m 
df tbe >demi8e of iii» ^pneflewt Maj^^) ^darakB'^ 
life of his fio]/^ Highness, fdrlibeipaymept af) hk 
debts ; aod, io earn ofithfijdeBitae jaf llfae'IliJaM^ita 
})mvide out of tbe coMoAidated fymi for ytha^iairr 
aaeat of such aumsaa shaUiibeBiiemaiB^Mipaid. i-Ha 
exjplained, that ifor awearal neigoa it imd ibeott 
thought fkraper to commute the hercdihary tranemia 
lor a civil Jist. The imode iw pro^poaadt Jvaa/ihe 
only one cal^ated togiveseciwit^ftoihecneditora^ 
or, in ihe eyaot of an acoessMMi ito the :tbna9a»sto 
render his Royat Highness responsible for the pay- 
ment of his remaining debts. 

The question, respecting the remainder of tb^ 
debts being charged ^^n tlpe baroditaig^ WVWMC 
of -tbe crown in the event of the demise of his 
Majesty, being carried, a spirited debate took place 
on moving the second instruction. Mr. Fox observ- 
ed, that, before he consented to burden the jp.Qop}e^ 
bf wished to know wbejther the gxwt yv,q\A^',)^ 
effectual for the purpose for jBRhkli it ww domaoibadfi 



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-««rfiui » he «mlpntetod|.thdrd'Watf iiO'eompolsMi 
o*tke tfmdMoM to* «oetpt Ijie tanrti iwir ofibl«dK 
fib dM not know ho*t tke dutby of GoffmrlUl*i/Hi^ 
to^be got at.M paM of tbe site appnoprmted fdr 
paj^ttlg UltMi^ m ketadetMood.tkaf tb^ presMt 
iacmne of iii» Royial IIighiie» w«s ctmveyed iir ' 
tn»t fcfr the benefit ef his eredifaMCs. He proposcMl 
tb'MO^i09 1k$Ar'mp9ige of the denite of the Priticeyf 
the mnaieuiip ddbtsuehovitdlhe ehwged on the cKvil« 
Iliti^ which had^bcteii inceeued by the death of the 
Vf iiicM Amekm^ With rasped to Farliauient being. 
h«nd to .tbe payment of the Priaca^s debte beeaiue* 
they hadb appvtoved of fait ma^riUge,* hmw omch 
ilionewaji hie Majesty aw HDanediiMe party . in the 
oMltnietP JUbr, Pitt^ im reply^ urged that though 
iBfoaee of the demtee^ of the Ptince^ the eivii lieti 
iMttU be rdieved.fmmiD.OOOi it would be liable to^ 
JO»(M)M.f(ar hei BoyaMKgbnew; that, if the Prinoe 
kft mm^ tbere meet be a pit>vi8ioni for the infant 
heir appannt, aad that> if there was no isBoe^th^^ 
Boka of Yoek #o«td eoeceed «a^ th0 duchy of Gorav 
wali^and an incoaie of 4»jOeo/L. 

lathe eourae ofi the debate, the sale of the 
dadiy of GomMdl was rtpealtedly insisted upon. 
6eneml fSmitb inqumd whether the aocounti in-^ 
ehidedidbe whole procel^ds of the duchy during the 
minority ef the Prittce,- and was answered in the 
aAnifvtiFe by lUr, Anstrathev, exciept the expense 
of tbe establishment, and a sum of 20001. for 
pdUie pofpoaesi in the eonnrty of Devon. Tbe 
fitonmii HfmBthtAf that th^ estate 6i the do^by; 

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under the guardianship of the court of chauceryi 
X¥Ould, during the minority, have produced 850,000/« 
atid under the care of a gentleman, by being em- 
ployed at compound interest, 9SOfiO0L and at pre- 
sent would amount alU^tfaer to 600,000/. This 
revenue, Mr. Sheridan thought the Prince was 
entitled to from his birth, though he thought him 
right in not having made any claim upon his royal 
father ; but the accumulated sum belonged neither 
tD the King nor the Prince, but to the creditors of 
his Royal Highness. Mr. JekylL contended that 
the legal opinion, that the Duke of York, in case 
of the demise of the Prince of Wales, would sue-, 
ceed of right to the duchy, was not a formal 
opinion, but one incidentally thrown out iqKm the 
interpretation of the word primogenitus in deciding, 
on a different question. He conceived the com- 
missioners to be appointed ought to inquire into 
the appropriation of the revenues of the duchy of 
Cornwall during the minority of the Prince. Sir 
John Scott on the other hand contended, that the 
Prince had only a life-estate in the duchy, and be 
doubted whether the revenue during the minority 
was to be accounted for* From the first grant of 
the duchy, the King had maintained the Prince 
ef Wales till he thought proper to give him the 
livery of (be duchy, which he might do at any age. 
This he cotitended for from the distinction between 
the tenure by knight's service and soccage. If the 
revenue, however, during the minority, was the 
property of the Prince, it certainly bdonged to his 



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93 

erediton: if it bad been applied to the general 
purposes of the civil lint, the public ought to re- 
fimdy since it was for their service. 

Mr. Sheridany in a . speech of much length and 
UDCommon eloqaence, opposed taking any sum from 
tile consolidated fund till every other resource had 
keen tcied ; though he neither approved seltiog the 
docby of Comwally nor the crown lands, as the 
latter would bind the House to grant in future the 
civil list for life. He forcibly urged the propriety 
ef ministers having suggested to his Majesty the 
aecesstty of setting an example on the present oc- 
casion. Were, . he asked, the expenses of the 
Prince so very unpardonable ? His Majesty pos« 
sessed many great and good qualities ; but on the 
sobject of expense and keeping his promise with 
the puUic, would the Prince suffer by a compari* 
son? In this he imputed all the blame to ministers.* 
On his Majesty's accession, the civil list was settled 
at 800,000/. a-year, which was then thought sq 
ample, that Parliament was assured from the 
throne, that the civil list should not be suffered 
to run into arrears ; since then, debts of the civil 
list had been paid to an amount, which, at comr 
pound interest, would exceed 7,000,000/. The 
chancellor of the exchequer had, in the early 
part of his administration, assured the House that 
no more debt should accrue on the civil list, yet 
soon after he called upon the House to pay a new 
debt. Mr. Sheridan then adverted to the embar- 
laasmmts felt by the Prince on. account of the nar* 



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9>l: 

^owoess of tbe ib^bmp: wiiich had belni toid fbr 
hiiti, dtorinigf wKioli h»BeyaI Highness liad of«CN» 
consulted him, chiefly becauas he knew hia fixed 
detepounaiiakitoaccept'ao^fsnrears;. and be ttfbk 
ffaU opportunitj ta deekm pnblielj ithal be had 
in^rer veeei^pied any lironbha^ Their iateimxivM 
had of kle ]»eeiiJe«8 feequent ;; bat kb felt ao lemt 
desire to do himr juatkb : IttO^OeM^ ^gts paid fea 
thcrPriM^ iiM nW^eOfiOOL fov GdDttcin HoiMe, and 
8d»O0U/. more was voted* to coiApletid the btnUfaig*^ 
tvhi(ib» dv the iaf ei*igw(»ow of a coiaBi]Mee». waa 
fbwnd to have beeib fiaidifutty apfilied^. AXk the 
Aioney; from the date of his first establiAinieai. to 
the pi^sent; day, did' unMI exceed. 95|600/L a«year^ 
li^hfidh was 1^fi60L a^-year less than ministeta had 
Oi*fgina<ly Chotfght his estaiblishvieiit ougjit to be« 
He bad, he said, advised the Priiiee not W mdce 
the promise^ from the improbadMity ef its b^ing! 
ieep^. He had at that tioie dcsvwtf op a jdan ef 
retrenchment,^ wbichr was approved by^the PHnde 
and by his Majesty ; and the Prince tdld>hiai, the 
promise was not to^ be inmrted upon, tfaoog^h, to his 
gr^at sarprise, be foufid it inserted* in^tke Kiag'^ 
laiessa^ which had' been saefu by his Royal Higk« 
ness. The Fribce wished hini fo ratmct it^ but 
ttiisi he declined. Ministers had then, a cheek opon 
the expenditure of tha^ Prtaoey whidr they nev«r 
enforced : they ^ had never interposed to- stop« a 
shameless proftisiobof money upon Carlton House. 
Utid^r these embarrassmnrtSrth^i^ was ah attempt 
made to- raise tf loan^ for tbe Pnbce in foreigxi 



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Mualricli; wfc i tt , liAer. a ftonMrwtion •with iiMd 
l4i«gUbQttiiq[ii, imw r|iii|:«.«(tDp tm, wand ttht ^bottdf 
biiMeJk<tiv«0k wilhiooMidemUe test to *be SMaot* 
ApcilMMrf^i <*f retflOMboieia A>lloiiwdt m^ *b# 
P#tn c€j wiii i» aiikiied>by Iioffd IHwriqw iand Mr.Bheii* 
4aii, mA afaioi. to ayfijr io PaHiaoMat ; io toke oia 
part in pc^tka; to retire fnMtt^paUicilife, ami apply 
the gieatatk ^pait x>f JnameQifietoAbeli^idatioDof his 
AeiBto. UewaAtthen.tolA^rby Lord Loaghboroiigh, 
dbat the adunaeisaaeiired Aeo macb of that girea to 
]IL. E|pii*^ 3nd he could guetB fimn i^at qaarter 
it came* Shui'plan ivas theoefiaf e relkiquisbed ; 
and *he .Briiicef>*bf. the one «air ptopoted^ hai 
neither, ihe grace, of 'JHg^iesting* the tetrenehmefitf, 
Mr .the chedos^pon bis^fatore oqndect He wai 
eet in ^ gilded {)iUeiy/aiid sent to do tpeoanee 
im an. eaibfrndeised' Aeet. fienielhiag, he taid^ 
oaght ito^ be given by the iuing. There were 
dbbta .doe to ibonest tradesmen, to whom no ex- 
napftion «euld .be <takeo» which onght not to be 
pofllpoiied.' ^here were4 on the establishroent, 
gsotleiiiea of ihoaour, whose salaries were fourteen 
quarters in axrear« Carlton House being made 
the property lef die public, the public ought to pay 
tbeeaqoiense of .rebuilding it. This woald rediiee 
thedebto to^aOOtsfOOO^ The interact of this, at *^ 
pereent wnMild be 25,0002. In 1777, ttie privy 
parse was made 60^000/. a-year, a^id tlie Queen 
receiived 60ifXH)l. for her establishment. He should 
therefore eocpect W,i)Qei. a-year from the privy 
purser and 6,000/. from the Queen's estaldishm^nt : 



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00 

for tbe remaining^ lO^OOO/. ff^ymr, hm wwAA look to 
places and sioecn^s, takm^^M^eiii as tbey fell, wUci 
in time nvoald form a fmHi for^ pitying off eveii 
tiie princ^aK Mr. Sheridati then {Nropond an^ 
amendment,' that nothings should he diarg«d upoa 
the Sinking fmid till it should be found that. the 
resources he had indicated were insiiflfeient . 

Mr. Dundas greatly preferred the security being 
upon the consolidated fund rather than on the civil 
list. The expectations of the King contributing to« 
wards .the payment of the debts, were» be thought, 
very foolish, and not to be gratified;- He ridiculed 
the proposal which bad been made, of making the 
allowance of the civil. list annual.^ Mr. W. Smith 
desired a message in the reign of George I. might 
be read, were 5,000,0002. were charged upon tlie 
civil list, and contended that what was then done 
would show the propriety of doing the same now; 
The debate was concluded by Mr. Sturt, who 
thought the qnestiori was, whether the Houses 
after the solemn pledge given by the. Prince in 
1787, not to incur debts, would now agree to pay 
them? 

The amendment of Mr. Sheridan being with* 
drawn, on a division of the House, there appeared 
in favour of Mr. Pitt's motion 1489 against it 93. 

On the motion of Mr. Pitt, the annual sum of 
6«5,000/. was appropriated to the revenue of the 
Prince out of the consolidated fund, by a majority 
of 93 ags^inst 68. A conversation then took place 
respecting the appropriation of an annual sum out 



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97 

of thft r»tMiie of iS^ dooby of Conwall, towardb 
ptyiMg llio debts of hra Koyri Higbnefls^ and whether 
the c oMe nt of the Duko of YoA was not tteeesBary, 
irhioh eecasionod inetructioiM to f)ie eonmiittee for 
tim piirpoee» Airiiif the tkne that his Majeely or 
Im Royal Righnem shall be iote rewto d in that 
Mrenne. The oommitiiient of the hill was opposed 
by Mr. Whitbread, as eontainio^ provisions degrad* 
ing and disgraceful to the Prinee, who was, liow- 
«¥er, stated by Mr. XAmbton to be perfectly 
tttfisfied with its prkiciples, and ia general appror* 
ing the restrictions. Mr. Fowis and Mr. FoK 
flkoQgiit many points sttN wniained to be disetissed 
^fore the sabject was sufficiency matured for the 
4ef ision of the House. What Mr. Fox particotarly 
Ajeeted to ww, timt the income of the Prince was, 
lie feared, kid under the maiw^ment and appro- 
•bation of ike aaiiHStor. Hefiiiiber objected to con- 
aidtriag the fiq^nttone of Cariton House as an hekv 
loom, as unfair to the INnnce and to bis creditors. 
Vheaalsofthedttcby of Cora wail wasagai/istrongr 
]y roeommeaded bf oereral members, paitieniaHy 
Mn fHioridan, who opposed Ibe eemmitmeat. The 
House, boworer; went into a eomfsittee, when i^ 
<wa8 moired, to dtow the Prince %6fiOO(. per aniium. 
Mr. Wilborforeo aar>i Mr. Wbitbread moved an 
MMMHaent, limiciiig the sum to 40,000/., in&iob 
was msgatived by a4arge<oiajoriiy. Anodier aanend* 
snent wa^ proposed by Sir W. Young, ibfKt the 
oanuity should bo p«id out of the .ciril list ; iHtt 
aipcm ti^o^ ^ineslion Air tdking iit jont <of the jC(WM<> 
6. . ' » 



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98 

lidated fund* the tyes were 149, iioe»ll8 1 87,000/. 

-were also granted od aocobot of tlie marriagpeof 

>i9 Royal Higboess, and 37,000/. for finbbing the 

•repairs id Carlton House* On the report of the 

Prince of Wales's establishment bill being r^ad, 

General fimith proposed to appropriate,; out of the 

sum allowed to bis Royal Highness, 12^. per 

.quarter, for the private use of the FrinoeK^ -of 

.Wales; which was negatived. 

The arrears of the duchy of Cornwall during the 
jainority of the Prince, which had been so fif«^uen£> 
ly adverted to in the preceding debatei^, were again 
.made the subjejct of discussion by General Smith, 
.on reading the report. He moved a clause fpr in- 
quiry into the amount of the revenue during that 
time, with a view to., its being applicable to the 
liquidation of hiir Royal Highnesses debts. The 
attorney-general admitted that he had been iiiac- 
curate on a former night respecting the tenure of 
that duchy, which was of a nature so difficult and 
peculiar, that it was very difficult for him te describe. 
It was a fund set apart by the legislature fbrtthe 
support of the Prince of Wales, who bad very pro- 
perly been represented as major a die nativitatii. 
The right of the Prince was extremely difficult to 
ascertain ; if it was a fund for his support from- his 
birth, the King, as his guardian, had the disposal of 
the fund<luring his minority ; and the long period 
which had since occurred, would render any claim 
on the part of the Prince extremely doubtful. To 
"this it was added by Mr.Citt^tliat if any claim 



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09' 

!»• it weft* en the pact of the public. The 
r^retme ^nd been applied in aid of. the civil lifttrand 
as eochlwd been reeog^nised by Parliament. If this 
i^as a Amd. for the eiippwt of the state and dignity 
€jf the PriBce^ it' was certainly intended that the 
i^ropriation -of this fund shonhl prevent nny tx« 
lieoiie fM>in falling on the civil list, or the public, 
infhp would then have, a right to set off against the 
ipcome any expensei incurred on account of the- 
J^nce? The expense of his edocation had.been 
^OyOOO/. vrith an extraordinary expense of 9,000/.,- 
ttiis indoded the Duke of York .: but as the same 
pteceptors would have been necessary for the Prtnce^ 
tliis made a trifling addition. In 1783, .60,000/.^ 
was granted to defray the expenses of hw ontset t 
in 1787, his debts were paid to the amount of 
910,000/; These united made 300,000/. and would 
be deducted from tlie proceeds, if they were to be* 
adjudged to him during his minority^ Mr. W. 
Grant ccmtended that the Prince had no legal claim' 
to^the reYenueof the dacby during his minority. * 

W^ fespect to the duchy being a fund for thd 
support of the Priaee of Wahss, Mr. Fox contended 
that this was not the only funcU^onpei ved- necessary, 
amce the principality of Wales, nndt the earldom 
of Chester, had been granted for the same purpose^ 
Mataral feelings he said, required that the King, 
like other fathers, shoaUl be charged with the 
education of his son : and beciiuse Parliathent had 
paid a debt of 600,000/. it was not to be inferred 
that they wonU withthe.same facility pay ^,000/.' 



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100 

He thoagbt it of the atdiott im|lorUiiee to asiintmr 
what was ddc to tbe Prioce. The ^xpeme of hii 
education, and that of the Duke of York^ aa arp^ 
peored hf a paper oo tlia table, for a term of ytMui 
had been 40>000/., of which 25^000/* at iMSt co«iM' 
be charged to the account of the Prtticei though Afe 
the same time the revenne of the dociiy WM 
76»000/. The 00,000/. TOied in I78d^ w« Mt for 
the Prince, bat in aid of the civil list ; and of thta 
the Plibce did net receive more than 20,000/. (kt 
a fair ealccdatioa, it would be fodnd that he had- 
not receifed more than 100,000/. abote hii regular 
incoikie j and. the reTrane of the docby doring bte 
minority, with interest, amounted to OOdfiOOl. Oil 
a division, there apjpeared for the mgtien 40, against 
it 07. 

A bill for prevCBtiag fufaire princes of Walei^ 
from incurring d^bt was preteated by Sir W^ 
PuHeney.and passed th^ House; and the jewtaire; 
of the PuKO£88 was settled at SOfiOOL a^yeir. 

Preyious to the second r^itog i)f the bill fpr 
settling an establishmeift dn tbe Prince of Wales; 
in.the House of Lords^ the Earl of l4iildeedafe« tm 
tbe 22d of Jnoe^ profyised ctAling in the opinioa of 
tbe law lords, respecting SOOM >oints involTed m: 
the bill, particularly the right of the King, or Princft^ 
to the proceeds of the dwhy of GeniwalL The 
right of the Prince he apprehend€id to be.aiduiQ«4^ 
ledged by the act of Edward III. by aufaae^uent 
legal determinations, and by the SSd ef Beary TL ; 
and at that time the dudiy tr aa anknftood to b^ 



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JOl 

tte profMrly of tht PrioeB ; 1m PitliAiiievt patMd 
that very act to allow the 1L\^ to receive ike pro* 
caedi, OR eonditum ^ his aUowing^ aliMent, &c. to 
titt Pffwet, till lie airived at the age of fourteen. 
The noM t i ottg his lordship wished to ask, were^ Ist^ 
What estate the Priaee haa in the docby of Com*. 
wbU? 2d, When aid that estate vest ia him? 9d^ 
Wbeo did he become entitled to receive the pro* 
perty ? 4tk, Was the Kiagf eoittled to receive the 
proceeds to his own tve, without aeceiHit or eoti- 
sfderatiofi of maiataifiifig his SLoyal Highness jdiirin^ 
his ni nority f 

The bill waa read a second tiote on the 2>#th of 
JaoOf asad Iiord Chdmondeley bronght down a 
maragr from his Boyid Highness stmilar to that 
sent to the Oeminens. The pr&sciple of the bill was 
sCrcMig^^ objected to by the Duke of Clarence, who 
peiirtedW censured ministers for depriving^ hb royat 
brather of tiie least popularity in the measure, in 
order t^ obtain it for themseWiBs. The bill to pre« 
vent (uftarepriDees of Wales from contractingdebts^ 
waa attended with a marked personaKtj to hia 
Boyal Highness. When the marriage <rf the Prince 
of Wales was agreed upon, there vras a stipulation 
. thatheshooldbeexonerated from his ^ebta. From 
such a stipulalion, was it to be expected that the 
debts were to be left hanging ever him for the 
space of nioe years or longer ? Was this a method 
to support his dignity and independence P The 
Prince had <^rtaiuly acquiesced in whateveif 
aMisarea were taken by the wisdom of Psrliament. 



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102 

How could he do otherwiie ? Adnmtage had beeii 
taken of the difficulties in which he was involved^ 
to procure this from him. He was forced to ex- 
press his acquiescence, that something might be* 
done« His Royal Highness pointedly censured the 
pamphlets that had been written, and the expres* 
sions made use of in the other House, to the pre-^^ 
judice of the Prince, Persons who had great powers 
of eloquence, and abundant choice of animated ex- 
pressions, had exerted their powers in obtaining a 
subsidy for the Ring of Sardinia of 200,000/. a*year, 
a sum of 1,200,000/. to the King of Prussia, and the 
loan of 4,600,000 to the Emperor ; but when the 
business of his brother was to be brought (oryfBrdp 
it was prefaced by '< an unpleasant task,'*— << an 
arduous undertaking,"-^*' the regret of laying ad?* 
ditional burdens on the people.** Had they, how-* 
ever, spared this, they would not have had one vote 
4lie less. His Royal Highness remarked on the un- 
pleasant situation of the F&iNCi;:;^ pv W^J^i^ and 
added, that, in the event of her having children, the 
ipov^rs of the bill must be obliged to come forwar4 
with amendmeVits. 

The commitment of the bill was moved by Lonl 
Grenyille. The Duke of Bedford thooght the re- 
flections cast upon his Royal Highness had too 
much of asperity, and remarked upon the ineon«» 
sistency of voting away millions in the proaecibtion^ 
of a war said to be in support of the throne, and 
refusing to grant a few hundred thousands for sup^ 
porting the dignity of th^ heir appareat. Thef«^ 



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many circmhstancess, his Grace remarked^ in 
extenaation of the errors of the Prince* It was 
-obaerved, in a speech of considerable length, by 
the Earl of Lauderdale, that .600,000/. had been 
.paid for Qaeen Anne, — George I. had 1,300,000/. 
extraordinary .allowed him,— • George tl« about 
.1,500,000/. .—and this at a time when the public 
revenue was less by millions than at present. 
; Lord Grenville warmly defended the conduct of 
inrnisten, though the blame,, if any, tipon a former 
occasion^ could not attach to him, as he then held, 
be aaid, no official situation. The Duke of Gla- 
rence, .in reply, stated that his lordship was minis* 
•trr in* 1792, when there was a statement of facts 
. on the encumbrances of the Priiice presented to a 
tertajA qui^rter. His lordship, however, declined 
replying, and observed there could be no debate 
where there was no' equaility • 
'-..The principle of the bill was opposed by the 
-Marquift of Buckingham, as burdening the con- 
iblidated fund, without eventually relieving the 
Prince. The creditors of his Royal Highness, 
also, were not bound to come in and state their 
claims, and would be mad if they did so, as they 
must stand a chance of losing their debts, if they 
lost the vouchers and documents for them. At 
Jeaat they mu.st be subject to have them re^ex* 
•mined, and, if , allowed, only receive a debenture, 
on which there would be a dibrount of five per 
cent: The bill was strongly defended by the Karl 
of Caernarvon,. and the commitment agreed to by 



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thefimfhofGtiHffMlaiMi Uoim^^mwoidtUm- 
^MnvcpieDcei mhUk the jPrinoe iMflt ^tkttmim 
Mfler, sad M ea—e q iience if the mesnge rtrarvw 
€dl f rMi the IVioce. Th^ pioiBiae farmerly ^fivvn 
hf ibU Rojral Hif hnaRt «^m stated fay LonI Monm 
te have been riigbtly read to bin, and mdt hf 
him vader die expeotation ^cf iiavifig W9fi00l. 
a-year, exdasive ef the dachy of Coniwail. Hie 
lanUnp reprdbated die cala«iaie» circoklad ai^nst 
Urn Prinoe, alid« ki refiitetion df tfaeat, stated the 
wittiiipieBS of iii# Royal Higtiaeai te ihaw ewetj 
jpaet of hk debts pubAioly Icaiosrn* He csManed 
tile fliode of appMntiag the ooBi«usMonefs» in the 
simce of wbam the Priaee had oo ppit, blit pr^ 
fessed Ins tnteatioa of not ippasiMy the pros it nt 
UH, ns be trasted, sndh was its .ateoaditf , tfant 
Pailiaineiit and the paUic aaeay aeon net it aslde.^ 

A further conversatien xipoo »tha faiH dodk piaee 
in the t^oiamitlee, ki. mhicli the fdiffeeeat aq^ments 
far and ^gainBt Ibe tneasiire s^ere eafiiroed. In ike 
caprseof it Lord Tlitti4aar enaqdnined^nf •tbagffDsatjr 
libeUaus panpUety which bad appealed n^iimt 
the PionQ?, and .hoped the aatbors, whethar paia* 
aUiieai or 110^ »oald be ir<(ag^ ta c^ndiga fNna» 
biheiefft. On the mh^ht^ he thoaglit tbe fbitt «» 
dafectiae, tthat itmnat ha imiaaiW amended* 

Oa the flBthmf Juqe, «Im bills for premilbnif 
fntore firinoes df Wales from oantracting debln»«^ 
&r gmoitog an astaUisibmenttto his itoy^ High* 
tieai,-^aiid for i^ranftinf a jainftiwe fto ibe Peijk« 
ccw W W«AXAm waeieead and pasted. 



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106 

In the course of these discussions relative to the 
payment of the Prince of Wales^s debts, the Duke 
of Clarence, in the House of Lords, stated, that 
it was a matter of public notoriety, that when the 
Prince's marriage was agreed upon, there was a 
stipulation that he should, in the event of that 
union, be exonerated from bis debts, peaking 
of the Princess, he described her as '^ a lovely 
and amiable woman, tprn from her family ^ for 
though," he continued, ** her mother is the King's 
sister, she n>ay still be said to be torn from her 
family, by being removed from all her early con- 
nections. What must be her feelings from such 
circumstances attendant on her reception in a 
country where she had a right to expect every 
thing befitting her high rank, and the exalted 
station to which she was called ?" 
. Although the Prince's income was now augment- 
ed to.]25,0(K){., and his debts all in a.train of being 
discharged, his Royal. Highness very laudably re- 
solved to adopt an economical mode of living; but 
it was generally reported that the plan which the 
Prince had laid down for his future expenditure and 
establishment,, was by no means agreeable to the 
Princess. For this supposition, however, it does not 
appear that there existed any very good grounds. 
She has never discovered any particular predilection 
for expensive establishnients ; and when, on a much 
later occasion. Parliament had voted her 50,000/. 
a-year, she would accept only of 35,000/., such 
an instanpe^ of candour and liberality may very 



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108 

well be adduced as an answer to tbose who have 
charged her Royal Highness with extravagance, 
or a reluctance tliat the Printe, her husband, should 
adopt plans of economy. 

As soon as the Pritice of Wales had resolved to 
coiYtract his household expenditure, he cammand<ed 
Lord Cholmondeley to send a circular letter to att 
the ladies afid gentlemen on the establishment of 
the PHnce atid Princess (rf Wales, stating that 
there would be no further occasion for their services. 
To this general order, there were, of course, some 
necessary exceptions ; amongst these were the four 
ladies of the bed-chamber : viz. the Marchioness 
of Townshend, the Countesses of Caernarvon, 
Oholmondeley, and Jersey, the Earl of Jersey, 
tind Generals Hulse and liake, with some others. 
The salaries of the attendants were pard tip to the 
5th of Jaly. The Earl of Jersey, as master of the 
horse, had a salary of 1200/. a-year, and the Earl 
of Chalmondeley, as master of the household, had 
his salary fixed at 2000/. per annum ; but his lord- 
ship, with a disinterestedness strongly marking his 
affection for the Prince, his master, wrote a letter, 
in which he declared his readiness to serve him 
without any emolument, and his determination not 
to accept of any salary for the performance of a 
duty which he was proud to execute gratuitously. 
From this time the Prince continued to live a 
retired life. His popularity, however, was not very 
great, although it was generally understood that his 
political principles were fevourable to the Whigs^ 



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Mr'ho, whether truly so called or not, were then 
usiuiUy denominated the friends of liberty. 

In perfect accordance with thia frugal plan of 
living, her Royal Uighuess hut seldom appeared 
in public. She visited the winter theatres only 
twice, and now and then made her appearauce at 
the Opera* It was not^ however, solely owing to 
these economical arrangements that the. Princess 
of Wales lived so much retired. Whatever ap^ 
pearance of levity and gaiety of manners she might 
have seen indulged at har father's court, in that 
coantry, as at present in Scotland^ it was not 
deemed quite decent for a female to appear much 
in public, after it became known that she was 
advanced in pregnancy, which was the case with 
her Royal Highness soon after her marriage. But 
of this more hereafter. 

The busy tongue of scandal soon began to exert 
its baneful influence ; and there were not wanting 
ladies about her person whose envious and malig*- 
nant disposition prompted them to sow the early 
seeds of discord, and to endeavour, by the most 
insidious arts and manceuvres, to foment a quarrel 
between the newly wedded royal pair. 

The commissioners appointed to inquire into and 
discharge the Prince's debts, objected to certain 
accounts brought by a Mn Jefferys, a jeweller in 
the Strand, who, some time after wards,, published a 
most severe and indecent pamphlet, intituled ** A 
Review of the Conduct of the Prince of Wales in 
his various transactions with Mr. Jefferys during a 
period of more than twenty years." In this pam- 

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108 

phlet it ^as asserted, that part of bin demand wan 
cash lent for the use of Mrs. Fitzherbert, after the 
royal nuptials bad taken place. It was not till the 
year 1808 that this offensive publication actually 
made its appearance. The author, however, in 
the mean time, did not fail to make it known, as 
soon as he found that his accounts were disputed, 
that, to use a familiar phrase, the Prince of Wales 
was no better than he should be. Rumours and 
reports of the most offensive kind were whispered 
in the. ears of her Royal Highness; and when her 
natural vivacity of temper and candour of disposi- 
tion led her to join in the gossip of the day, and to 
appear to acquiesce in what was told her, some of 
the good ladies who prompted and heard her, soon 
contrived means to let the Prince know, that bis 
wife had spoken very freely concerning him. Thus 
it was, that, by degrees, these insidious wretches 
contrived very greatly to prejudice the Prince against 
his amiable and Unsuspecting consort; a prejudice 
which very shortly grew into a rooted dislike. 

I pretend not to know every particular of what 
led to the unfortunate quarrel between their Royal 
Highnesses ; but I am persuaded, that had there 
not been some person or persons of an envious and 
malignant character about the court at Carlton 
House, or at Brighton, no such differences as those 
which the country has had so much cause to la- 
ment, would have taken place between two such 
characters as the Prince and Princess of Wales. 

Shortly after the marriage of the Prince and 
Princess, the prayer for the royal family was aU 

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109 

tered by authority. Before that event, the pas-i 

sag-e in llie liturgy stood as follows : •* That it may 

•please Thee to bless and preserve our gracious 

Queen Charlotte, his Royal lligliiiess George 

Prince of Wales, and all the royal family/* It 

was then altered by the following additions : — 

" That it may please Thee, to bless, &c. their 

Koyal Highnesses George Prince of Wales, the 

Princess of Wales, and all the royal family." Some 

persons have affected to discover an inaccuracy in 

this reading ; asserting, that after the first insertion 

of the word W^es, there ought to have been the 

conjunction anc/ ; but this criticism seems to me 

perfectly needless : the conjunction is evidently 

understood, and to have inserted it would, I con* 

ceive, have rendered the reading harsh, inelegaut, 

^nd tautologous. 




CHAPTER TV. 

Nine calendar months, wanting only a single 
day, had elapsed, since her marriage v^ith the 
Prince, when her Royal Highness, the Princess of 
Wales was safely delivered of a* Princess at Carl- 
ton Hou^; The intelligence of this event, which 
took place between nine and ten o'clock in the morn- 
ing of the 7th of January, 1796, spread universal 
joy through the nation. The Duke of Gloucester, 
the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chan- 
cellor, the Lord President of his Majesty's Council, 
the Duke of Leeds, the Duke of Devonshire^ the 

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110 



Earl of Cholroondeley, the Lord Cbamberlam, the 
Earl of Jersey, Lord Thurlow, and tlie ladies of 
her Royal Highnesses bed-chamber, were present, 
^The firing of the Park and Tower gtins, and other 
^demonstrations of joy in thQ cities of London and 
Westminster, manifested the pleasure with which 
this royal birth was received by all ranks of people. 
Addresses from various quarters were prepared, 
and presented, though, for reasons sliortly to be 
stated, bis Royal Highness found it necessary to 
receive those presented to himself and his Frincesas 
in private* • 

Henry James Pye, Esq. the late poet laureat, in 
his New Year's Ode for that year, has the follow* 
ing stanza, the last of the poem, alluding' to this 
auspicious circumstance : 

" Now strike a livelier chord — the happy day. 

Selected from the circUns;; year 

To celebrate a name to Britain dear. 
From Britain's sons demands a festive lay. 
Mild sovereign of our monarch's soul. 
Whose eye's meek radiance can control 
The powers of care» and grace a throne. 
Each calm to life domestic known ; 
Propitious Heaven has o'er thy head, 
Blessoms of riclier firagFance shed ; 
Than all the assidooos muse can bring, 
CulPd from the honey'd stores of Spring ; 
For see, amid wild Winter's hours, 

A bnd Its silken folds display, • 
Siweeter than all the QhallcM flowers. 

That crown thine own ambrosial May. 
' may thy smiles, blest infant, prove 

Omens of concord, and of love ! 
Bid the lend strains of mariia! triumph cease, 
And tune to sofier mood the warbling r^ of peaoe^*' 



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Ill 

Alas! who cannot but deeply regret that this 
wish of the bard should have been frustrated^ and 
that the ** smiles'' of this lovely infant should not 
have been the means of producing that domestic 
" concord and love/' of which it was fondly hoped 
they w«ti]d have been the *^ omen." 

The addresses of congratnlation, both to the 
Prince of Wales and to their Majesties^ were warm 
and numerous. 

The address of the city of London to his Ma- 

je^y was as follows : 

To the King's ino9i excellent Majesty, 
The humble address of llie lord mayor, aldermen, and commons of 
the city of London, in common council assemblejd. 

Most Gracious Sovereign, 

We your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the lord 
mayor, aldermeu^ and commons of the city of Londou in common 
couucil assembled, humbly approach the throne with our sincerest 
congratulations oil the safe delivery of her Royal Highness the 
Princess of Wales, and the birth of a Princess. 

Deeply sensible of the true and substantial blessings vhich we 
experience under your Majesty's mild and paternal government as 
essential to the preservation of the religion, laws, and liberties of 
all your Majesty's subjects. 

Your faithful citizensrof TiOndon must feel themselves higlily in- 
terested in an event which directly tends to secure to Britain the 
•accession of your illu^rious race on the throne of their ancestors. 

Impressed as we are with such sentiments of loyalty and at- 
tachment to your royal house, it will be equally our duty and 
delight to promote within our several spheres a grateful venera- 
tion for your Majesty's sacred person and goverflmcnt, — a due 
submission and respect for the laws of our country, and a stedfast 
zeal to preserve the tranquillity of the empire, as the fnadamentafi 
protection of the iuvaluable privileges we enjoy. 

To ting his Majesty answered: 

thank you for this dutiful and loyal address^ and for your 
•ongratulations on the birth of a Princess^ 



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112 

The repeated instances whicK I have received ot your attach* 
meiit to my person, family, and government, are highly satisfac* 
twy tame. 

The following' was the address of the city of 

London to her Majesty on the same occasion : 

To tl>e Queen's most excellent Majesty, 
The humble address of the lord nnayor, aldermeitt, and totUAoHs of 
the city of London, in commoa couJicil assembled. 

May it please your Majeaity, 

We his Majebty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the lord 
mayor, aldermen, and commons of the city of London, in common 
council assf^mbied. be? leave to congratulate yoor Majesty opon 
the sife delivery of ht-r Royal Highne9a the Priocesa of Waiesi 
and the birth of a Friiicess. 

The citizens of Lo'idon feel the most lively sentiments of joy 
on every occasion which contributes to your Majesty's domestic 
felicit> ; and the sacred line of succession to the throne of these 
kingdoms, thuH presened, forms a very material portion of their 
happiness — conscious as they are, that no advantage will be want- 
ing to form her infant mind aft^r the virtuous example of the 
illnslrions females of your IMtijosty'* royal house. 

Thai your Mejesly may be long spared to witness the growth 
of those transcendent virtues, of which your Majesty forms so 
eminent a pattern, is the sincere prayer of the loyal citizens of 
London. 

To tkts her Majesty answered ; * 

I return you my sincere thanks for yoar congratalaiions on the 
birth of a Princess; and I cannot but be very sensible of those 
cordial expressions of attention to me with which they are accom- 
panied. 

The following transaction, applauded by sortie, 
and censured by others, merits notice in this place: 
The city of London Iiaving^ resolved to present a 
cong^ratulatory address to his Royal Highness 
the Prince* of Wales, it was intimated, by Lord 
Cholmondeley, to the lord mayor, that "the Prince 
of Wales, being under the necessity of reducing 



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113 

his establishmenti be was precluded from receiving 

the address in a manner suitable to his situation ;*' 

at the same time a j'equest was made that copies of 

the addresses might be sent to his Royal Highness^ 

when Mr. Deputy Birch, in the court of common 

council . moved, ^' That his Royal Highness the 

Prince of Wales, having stated that the inadequacy 

of his establishment precluded him from receiving 

the compliments of congratulation voted to be 

presented to their Royal Highnesses, in a way 

suitable to his situation, this court are of opinion, 

thai they cannot, consistently with their own dig<p 

nity, suffer the said compliments to be presented 

in any other way than the customary form/' 

This motion having been agreed to, the city 
remembrancer was directed to convey a copy of 
die resolution to the Prince of Wales; and on 
the 6th of February, the next court oT common 
council, the lord mayor rose to istate to the court, 
a conference he had had with his Royal Highness, 
observing that he had thought it his duty to com- 
mit what had passed to writing, which he begged 
leave of the court to read. It was as follows: 

" In consequence of a letter from Lord Cholmoiideley, dated 
Janoary 31, 1796^ statiog that his Royal Highness the Prince 
of Wales «ishe<( to speak lo me at Carlton House, and to give 
iDe a private audience on Tuesday, (but which appointnieqt was 
afterwards, by a second letter, fixed for Monday, at one o'clock) 
1 had the hs/Kwr of waiting on his Royal Highness, who address* 
ed me by saying, that he had seen with concern in the public 
papers, a statement of what had passed in the court of cemmoii 
oouDcil OB Thursday, respecting' a letter wiitten by Lord Choi- 
aMndelaj, at the command of his Royal Highness, and sent to 

6, • ? 



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^he city reipeinbriuteer, fc^iiyeying his MeoVwaenla, 9u the intended 
address of congratulation to their Royal Highnesses, which seu- 
tiinents h^ conceived had heen mistaken or misunderstood, or at 
least a very djferent coD«lnujti«ii kg4 been given to tli«m than he 
oaeant, or was intended to be conveyed by Uiat letter. His Royal 
Highness said, that he thought it incumbent upon him to preserve 
k consistent character; that as his establishment, for certain rea- 
flons, had been reduced, and that the necessary state appen^gea 
f^tt^ch^d to the rank and character of tlie Prince of Walefs did pot in 
consequence exist, his Royal Highness conceived that he eould 
not receive an address in state, and particularly, from the corpora- 
lion of the city of London, for which he entertained Ihe highest 
veneration and rcKpect. His Royal Higbnesa, therefore^ thought 
it woui<l appear disrespectful to the firet body corporate in the 
kingdom, to receive the members of it inconsistently with their^ 
ckaraeter and hi$ oum dignity.'* 

Some parsons, anxious to, create or discover 
grounds of cotnplaint between the Prince of Wales 
and his B^yal Consort, whispered it abroad that 
this resolution of his Royal Highness was after* 
wards spoken of by the Princes in terras of no very 
flattering nature ; that she despised the parsimo* 
pious plans of economy adopted by the Frioce^ 
and thought it beneath his dignity not to have 
departt'd from those plans, at least in the case of 
an address from the city of London* All this, 
, however, 1 have not the least doubt was the 
effect of private malice, and the busy meddling of 
those who had often before laboured to fan into a 
flame those indications of a disagreement between 
these illustrious personages which had already 
began to manifest themselves* It was pretty vrell 
known, that, even before the birth of the Princess 
Charlottejt the Prince jbad discovered marks of dis-* 



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116 

like to either the per^ti, the principles, or the 
manners of the Prmcem ; hence, whatever circiim- 
flance took place of ia cKsa^eeable nature, wa^ 
sure to be laid hold of by the encmiwof hfer 
Royal Highness, and employed to increase the 
misondentandTng* between her and her husband. 

On the Tlh-of February, the Prince of Wales 
received m pritaDe the eoifigratulatory compliments 
of both Heuseit of Pariinnient, presented' by com- 
mittees, in cort9ec)aeAce of his Royal* EPighne^s, 
from havinif reduced his establishment, being* un- 
able t9 receive thenv with the proper dignities of 
his rank. 

But now, unfortunately, we* are compelle'd* fo 

I turn our attention to the first public manifestations 

of that deep-rooted' and unaccountable antipathy 

I which his Roj^al Highness, the Prjnce of Wales, 

I has so long cherished against the Princess, his 

wife ; and which^ now that he is raised to the 

I throne itself; and^ be the King, and she the 

Queen, of these realms, that' antipathy appeal's* 
te have so- completely taken possession- of hts' 
breast; that nothing,, it is gi-eatfy to be feared, 
wBl ever hereafter be able to remove it. It is 
common' to d^cA'ibe iJnan asa iVee agent; and' pro- 
bably there may be some moral truth in the sen- 
tioient, considering rtiart- as a probationary and 
accountable being. Bnt, most assuredly, this 
doctrine will not apply tO' the native feelinc^s and 
propensities of the mind: for we can no morfe 
ceumnuid cnxr hearts, in' regard' tb pr&driections 

p2 



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lid 

and antipathies, than we can suspend oarfldves, 
without some external aid, in the clouds ; or that 
a miin can describe two opposite circles with hi«i : 
hand a^d foot at the same time. We need not, 
therefore, in every instance of disagreement be« 
tween two individuals, immediately conclude, that : 
there must necessarily exist some moral or physical 
evil in one or both of the parties, which can be 
removed by any exertions of their own. That there 
can be no effect without an adequate cause, I rea- 
' dily grant; but in matters of taste, and of mere 
feeling, the causes of our approbation or disappro- 
bation are frequently so occult that it is impossible 
for us to discover or describe them : 

'' I do not Kkeifaee, Doctor Fell ; 
Th^ reason why I cannot tell ; * 
^ But this, indeed, 1 know full well; . 
1 do not like thee. Doctor Fell."- 

We have all of us more or less of what may be 
called a kind of moral physiognomical disceni* 
ment, or rather feeling, which, in a manner un-« 
known to us/ prompts our instincts to like this 
object, and to dislike that; and thus whatever 
circumstance occurs that has the remotest tend- 
ency to feed and nourish our natural disposition 
towards any particular individual, we lay hold of 
with. eagerness; and soon discover, in that indi- 
vidual, if we do not even ourselves create it, that 
which we persuade ourselves is a sufficient ground 
for our approval or disapproval. 

1 have beeki led info tb^ reflections from the 



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J 17 

\ 
. s 

cirGUtttfltance of the Prinlce of Wales having, very 
soon after bis marriage, manifested some disincli- ' 
nation, if not dislike, towards the Prmcess ; and 
that this dislike bad its origin in some such filings 
as I have here ventured to remark upon, is evident 
from what bis Royal Highness* himself says, in a 
letter, which I shall shortly lay before the reader,'* 
addressed to his Royal Consort from Windsor 
Castle. " Oar inclinations,*' says he, " are not in 
car power, nor should either of ns be held an-r 
swerable to the other, because nature has not 
made as suitable to each other/' Who does not* 
perceive, in this admission, that, m the beginning 
at least, his Royal Highness had not any real 
gjounds of complaint against the conduct of the 
Princess: "Nature had not made them suitable 
t6 each other," and that was all. Yes, and that 
was amply sufficient for the foundation of the 
deepest, and most irreconcilable dislike. With 
such a feeling of the mind towards any per^ 
son, every doubtful look> word, or deed, of an' 
objett so viewedj would be construed rnto an 
offence; and the demons of discord would find' 
their wieked purposes easily accomplished with 
such a natural preparation in the minds of the 
parties whom they wished to disunite for ever. 

During the pr^nancy and subsequent confine- • 
ment of the Princess, his Royal Highness is de- 
scribed as paying every proper and laudable 
attention to her comfort and health.; but scarcely 
three months had elapsed after the birth of the 



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PriDcesii Charlotte, before the weild became ac* 
quainted with the lamentable fact of their separa- 
tion. 

Lady Cholmondeley was deputed to ifnform the 
Princess that the Prince of Wales bad resolved 
upon a separation. What' pri\rate altercations 
might have preceded this disagreeable message, I 
pretend not to know ; but tliat it was not the result 
of some knowledge which the Prince might be 
supposed to possess of any actual crime or offence 
committed by her Royal Highness, I think is^ 
manifest from the general tenour and spirit of ^e 
letter which the Princess afterwards received from 
her estranged husband. 

Considering the deep importance of the sub^ 
ject of the conraiunication made through Lady 
Cholmondeley to her Royal Highness, and tli/s 
lasting consequences whicli it might produce on bei?' 
future welfare,, she resolved not to rest satisfied with 
a merely verbal communication, but requested that 
the Prince of Wales would signify hiss pleasure ia. 
writing. Accordingly, she very shortly afterwar4fa> 
received the following letter : 

Windsor Cattle, April d»^ 17M. 
" Madam, 
"As Lord Cholroofpleley iiiforms roe tliat you wish I would 
define, in wriiingf, the terms upon which we are lo live, I shalU 
endeaivoiirto explain myself upon that head, with as mueh clear* 
ness, and with as roach propriety, as the nature of Uia subject will 
adroit. Oor iiiclinations are not in our power, nor should either 
of ns be held answerable to Ihe other, because nature has not made 
us snttable to eaeli" other. Tranquil and comfortable society i8> 
however, in our power \ let our intercourse tfaere;f»re be restiktedi 



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119 

lo that, and I will ^tini^ty siil>6eribe to the condition whicli you 
rc^oired, throagb Lady Cliolmondeley, that even in the event of 
any accident happening to my daug:hler, which I trast Providence 
in its mercy witi avert, I shall not iwfringpe the terms of the re- 
striction by proposing, at any period, a connection of -a more 
particul&r nalure. I aliall now finally close this disagreeable 
correspondence, trusting. that as we have completely explained 
•nraeives to each other, the rest of our lives will be passed in 
attitttermpted tranquillity. 

** I am. Madam, 
'•With great truUi, 

" Very aincerely, yours, 
(Signed) " G£ORQE P/» 

To this letter her Royal Highness sent the foir 
lowing answer, written originally in French^ but 
here translated : 

"The avowal of yonr conversaiion with Lord Cholmendeky^ 
neither surprises, nor offends me. It merely confirms what you 
have tacitly insinuated for this twelvemonth. But after this, it 
would be a want of delicacy, or rather an unworthy meanness in 
ne, were I lb conplain of those conditions which yon impose npoa. 
yocrself. 

" I slioold have returned no answer to your letter, if it had not 
been conceived in terms to make it doubtful, whether this arrange-^ 
meat proceeds from yon or Arou me, and you are aware that the 
credit of it belongs to yoa alone. 

"The letter which you announce to me as the last, obliges me to 
sommonicate to the King, as to my sovereign and my Father, both 
your avowal and my answer. Yon will find enclosed the copy of 
By letter to the King. I apprize you of it, Uiat I may not incur 
the slightest reproach of duplicity from yon. As I have at this 
BKNBent no protector but his Majesty,^ refer myself solely to jiim 
apoD tliia aabject, and if my oondaot meet his approbation, I sdall 
ba in some degree at least consoled. I reUin every seniimeot of 
graty^de lor the situation in which I find myself, as Princess of 
Wales, enabled by your means,- to indulge in the free exercise of 
a f irtve dear to my hearty I mean charily. 



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120 

" It m\\ be my duty likewtse to act opoii another molive, that 
of giving ao example of patience and resignation under every 
trial. 

" Do me the justice to believe that I shall never cdaae to pray 
for your happiness, and to b^, 

'< Year much devoted 

" CAROLINE." 
*' ethqf May, 1796.'' 

Nothing is more clear, from this short corre^ 
spondence, that, whatever else was the cause of 
the Prince's dislike to bis wife, he did not charge 
her with any thing like crime ; and indeed, her 
Koyal Highness herself remarks to the King, on 
this express letter, that his Majesty would do her 
the justice to remark, that in that letter, there 
was not the most distant surmise, that crime, that . 
vice, that indelicacy of any description, gave occa- 
sion to the Prince's determination ; adding, that 
all the tales of infamy and discredit which the in**' 
ventive malice of her enemies, had brought forward 
on these charges, hud their date, years and years 
after the period to which she was then alluding; 
There might, as she was always ready to admit, in 
the inquiries which afterwards took place, and into 
which I shall, in the course of the following sheets, 
enter with some* degree of minuteness, have been 
circumstances disclosed, manifesting a degree of 
condescension and fajiiiliarity in her behaviour and 
conduct, which, in the opinions of many, might be 
considered as not sufficiently guarded, dignified^ 
and reserved : circumstances^ however, which^faer 
foreigii education^ and foreign habits, misled her to 



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121 

thiriky in the humble and retired situation in which 
it was then li^r fate to live, and where she had no 
relation, no equal, no friend to adviiie her, wera 
wholly free from offence. 

And if, after this horrid statement of Lady Doug- 
las and others to which her Royal Highness alluded 
in her letter to the King, as above mentioned, no 
real crime could be justly brought agaiusther, much 
less could any imputation of gnilt have been the 
original grounds pf the separation that took place 
immediately after the receipt of the Prince's letter 
of the 30th of April, already quoted. There is, how- 
ever, internal evidence in the answer to that letter, 
that a single month had not elapsed*, after the 
marriage of their Royal Highnesses, before the 
Prince had made some ^^ tacit insinuations,'* that he 
did not altogether like his wife's person or company, 
and that, in fact, he intended a separation. Shorty 
indeed, was the period of their connubial -bliss ! and 
no sooner had the dij^agl'eement between the royal 
pair become known to the public at large, than it 
was increased, by the impertipent curiosity of some, 
and the envy and malignity of others, to a degree 
of intenseness which, in all probability, will never 
be allqwed to subside. 

The late King, oncoming tp a knowledge of this 
afflicting circumstance of the separation of his son 
and daughter-in-law, was very greatly affected. His 
Majesty had, doubtless, been already apprized, that 
the union was not likely, for some time at least, to 
be attended with those pleasing and beneficial re* 
6. a 

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ralte 'wbieh ke, in common with the great bulk of 
fm subjeeta, had fondly anticipated; and, whan 
mattere came to an extremity, be omitted nothtii^^ 
that would mark his love and aflRection far bis niee^ 
and dangbter*ia-law, without, however, at the same 
time, takinfi^ any step in the business indicative of 
a spirit of hostility towards the Prince, his Majesty's 
aon. Few men eould more justly appreciate tha 
genuine feelings of a parent for a child than the 
King; hence his Majesty did not fail to employ hia 
influence with the Prince of Wales to induce hii 
%oyal Highness, whatever might be bis ultimate 
determination respecting the Pdncess, to allow the 
child to remain under the immediate care and 
guardianship of its mother until, at iea^ the yoting 
Princess should have attained her eighdi y«ar. This 
ttirangement, though generally understood to have 
been made and agreed to at Ihe instance of the late 
King, was not strictly adhered to ; for when the 
iPrincess Charlotte was only five or six years old, 
her mother, it was universally reported at the timet 
aaw her occasionally only. 

After her Royal Highness left Carlton House^ 
hi which, for some time before, she bad lived, in a 
manner, separately from the Prince, she retired to 
Chariton, a beautiful village in Kent, in the neighs 
bourhood of Woolwich near the edge of Blade-* 
heath ; . but the appointed reridence of the Princest 
Chariotte was at Shrewsbury House, near Bbooter*s 
Hill, about two miles from Charlton. 

When, however, her Royal Highness left Cari- 



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Ion Iloweii It'WM iMimated to liw thatber 9fMtr 
Aoato thwe 8boul4 uadergo a thorough repair, w4 
thai aha auglit heveaftfr retttvn ta them. Sba wat 
aaeoiapMnad to haf Eeturamaat by Miw Gartjb^ 
liia» Yenia«» Alva. Harcoort, Mrs. Sandar^ a oaliv^ 
af BinuBiswiaki, vrho oooie to this country with bar 
Aayal Big bifetia a$ ber difawer^ and by Bom%otbw 
Udw ; but ber 8tata and rtyle of living were by no 
BMaaa what might: be coaaiderad as fully adequate 
tfa a royal eetabl^hmeat^ Yet with these few 
attendantSy and being far a few years almoat coor 
ahaatly ekn|^kyed ia d^^ carer and edaeation of her 
belaved infaiMti the PviaceBSir her time yaafed off 
aaMotUy aiid pteaeoably, Slie soon tegaiaed Htf 
mooted vivacity of sfrtriti; and though in $otue iseaw 
deserted by her rt^yal husband, the Kiag,^ her veae^ 
fable fathcarwiu^bMiF and unele^stiU eher iabed towards 
her hia waited (iaternal aiectiolir ami regard* But 
the ooasparative peace and haiqpinasa wbirh were 
eajaUfod by her Royal H^{kn«sa during her seelusioa 
from the biMtte af courts atod the eonstaat routine 
of amusement in the' highest circtes of fashioaahl# 
hfey #ere<iMiced» bf the over-vigilant eye of envy, 
with no small degree of malevolent keannesa. Ror 
Boytd Higbaeiss^ though liviug; thus retired, aud 
spen^biig much the g}*eateat portiou ol her time ia 
the qqiet purstttt of ttial and domestic duties, and 
amongst the few salaet friends of her houaehaU; . 
9saa neverthelew frequentiji visited by persons of 
diatiiiction from tawni Sbmo of these •* good-aatftir!- 
ad frieMb/' *U ia te^ b^|sared|. came not so tuueb to 

a 2 

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124 

please Und amuse this amiable and unsuspectittg 
Princess, as to watch her manners, and to ** Weigh 
her words and actions.'* If One may judg^e from 
, events that subsec|uently transpired, her Royid High-- 
iiess was, for some time, the subject of an organized 
system of espionage : a system, however, which! 
am by no means disposed to believe had its origin 
in the will of her royal' husband; but carried on 
by the officious malice of secret enemies, who had 
resolved, from the mom^t oF her marriage, to ruin 
her with the Prince of Wales. 

In the year 1801, this diabolical plot began to 
*' thicken," when, on removing from Charlton to 
Montague House, Blackheath, she soon after- 
wards had the misfortune to form an acquaintatice 
"with the lady of Sir John Douglas, an officer of 
rank and character, who had served with honodih 
in Egypt and other places against the French^ 
Here, however, during the space of several yearsi' 
she lived, comparatively speaking, not only entir^y 
separated, a mensa fit thora, from her husband, bat 
almost secluded from the world. 
* During the short peace of 1802-3, the Princess 
of Wales was visited by several .distinguished 
foreigners, as well as by some English gentlemen, 
amongst which were Lord ^ood, Lord Aurelius 
Beauclerc, Sir Sidney Smithy Captain Manby, 
Joachim Henry Comp^, -Esq. an intelligent fo- 
reigner, then engaged in preparing for the press 
his own *^ Travels in England,*' and by some 
i^thers. The summer seasons were chiefly passed 



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125 

lit tobie neig&bbarin^ wateriD§r.p)ace. Whikt at 
home her Rayal Highness moat laudably employed 
herself in rural occupations ; having, also» with 
the consent and knowledge of her husband, Tarious 
masters to improve and amuse her in arts calcn* 
lated to render her life as pleasant and agreeable 
as possible. By Mr. Atwood she was greatly im-* 
proved in the science of music, of which slie waa 
alirays particularly fond, and in which she became 
a very great proficient. M. Giffadiere taught hef 
Royal Highness English ; M. TourfioniUi im* 
proved her in painting ; she learnt from M. Tutoye 
bow to imitate marble ; and Mrs. Elwes was spOi- 
cially appointed to improve her on the harp. 

But the two greatest sources of her pleasure 
were the visits of her daughter, the admirable 
-Princess; arid those of his Majesty, her most af* 
fectionate and only supporter. QjbihBbsionally she 
visited the Opera, and the other theatres ; and was' 
now and then seen at court. 

The following extract from Comp^*s Travels, 
above mentioned, and published soon after the 
year 1803, exhibits in a very pleasing light/, 'the 
-peculiar taste, and many of the pursuits of her 
Koyal Highness whilst resident at Blackheath.. 

•* When," says this enlightened foreigner, " I 
was at the Princess of Wales's residence at Black- 
heath, she had the condescension to conduct me to 
a garden at some distance, which she had princi- 
pally laid out herself, and which tAie superintended 
in sQoh a complete aense of the word, that no per- 



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Mn ]urarame4 to do an; .thing in H ^t wh«t $h^ 
Iiexa^ directed. I admirtd the bMirtiftil ordct^ 
whI tl)e careful cultcvatkn of even: the most imig* 
nifioant spol ; the jadictoos combiuatioik' ^f tlM 
uaefiil with the agreeable, wbieh afipcared m de* 
ii^btfui) wherever I fast mj ey.f». I was ekanaed 
with tlie neat berdera of flowars^ between wbich 
me. paMedt and vas donUy rejoieed ta find them M 
aiBfdl ; because, ^9 the Princess r^fiMrkiSd» toe iq wib 
Veom ought not to be. takep from the iifielal: ^egar 
tables^ merely lor the purpose ef .pleasing the eyeu 
I ytas tvanapoirtad with the eleganoey taate^ a«d 
iioaveB^ence displayeck ia the pavilieov m which 
the dignifiied owaer^ who fiurnished the ptan^ aad 
the directioas for every part o{ it,, bad solved the 
problem, how a building of bat two floors, on a 
aorface of about eighteen feet s^|aanre> could be con- 
structed and arranged ia such a manner that a 
aa^aH family capable of limitiag ita desiisea, might 
find in it a habitation eq^lly beautiful, taetefiM^ 
aud commodious* The mamier in wbiieh this had 
been- effected, desetves^ in my opiaiM> the notice 
aad admiration of professed arehiteets. 

^* After my royal guide had shown me her iof 
vourite spot, a small and extremely simple seatt 
placed in the comer of the gardeup overshadowed 
by two or three hoeeysiickleap the branches of 
wbieh are bent in such a nnanner that one of the 
finest prospects whiieh tins place comaiainds^ epena 
lo the view as thraagh a windowt she iovilied; me 
ftp aujpveji the qiopt iiapaJrtaiait part af )ier graaads^ 



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nr 

I auuiiiMte^ ioaitt rarpriM, cmceivin^ thm I titd 
»ra «v«rj thiiigf. The loT«ly Princess smiled, aad 
conducted me to a considerable tract, covered wtHh 
wgrtahies, comprising^ the Airther and far^ert pbr* 
tion of tUs remarkaiMe garden. * This/ «aid she, 
^ ia my principal concern* Efera I endeavour to 
acquire Ihe hmomaMe name of a fttrmer, and that^ 
aa yen set, not merely in jesft. The regetablea 
vbieh i raise here in conaiderable quantity^ are 
carried to town and sold. The produce amouviti 
amiuaiiy to a handsome sum/ 

** It nmy probably be guessed to whut purpose* 
thifthaadbonB sum iras applied. If not, I will ereai 
nm the risk of incurring her anger, by revealing' 
the aecret of the active and benevolent life ivhich 
the/htere Queen 4ffihe first and mast pimerfnt 
natian m the worlds here led in a simple country* 
house, which was in fact not so large as that of « 
petty German baron, fndeed this accomplished 
Princess led tn this modest mansion atife so asefulf 
so actire, so virtuous, that I might challenge the 
Boost eelebratod philosopher, in a like situation, to 
surpass her. She bad no court, no ^oficers of state^ 
BO efaamberlains, no maids of honour, &c. because 
she had no oecaston for them here ; but she was 
occasionally visited by a «ouple of female friends, 
who are uot so merely in name, the very intelU-' 
gent and worthy Mrs. Fitfeg«mkl aad her amiaUe 
danghter. Her whole long forenoon, that is, ftXMU 
six in the morning till seven in the evening, m 
devoted to business^ to veadicig^ and wilting^ to 1km 



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ISA 

ealtiTaAioo of diflerast arte ; for instance, mosic^ 
painting', embroidery, modelling in clay, gardeokigf» 
and to— edncation. 

. ** My last word mtiy Occasion great aatentshment^ 
l>ecaase it is so extremely nnnsual to see persons of 
pirincely rank occupy themselves with an employ- 
pient which cannot have any charms^ for persons.who 
have a taste only for the pleasures and amusements 
of a court. But this astonishment may be increased^ 
when it is added, that it is not the young and hope^ 
ful Princess her daughter y whom she. educated, but 
eight or nine poor orphan children, to whom she 
bad the condescension to supply the place of a 
mother. Her own was the child of the state, and, 
^according to the constitution of the country, must 
not, alas! be educated by herself. These poor 
children, on the other hand, were boarded by her 
with honest .{people in the neighbourhood.}, she 
herself not only directed every thing relative to 
their education, and instruction, but sent every 
day to converse with them, and thus contributed 
towards the formation of their inlant minds. Never 
while 1 live shall I forget the charming, the affecting 
scene which I had the happiness of witnessing, 
when the Princess was pleased to introduce me to 
her little foster children. We were sitting at 
table ; the Princess and her friends were at break- 
fast, but I, in the German fashion, was taking my 
dinner. Thp children appeared clothed in the 
eleiinest, but, at the same time, in the simplest 
manper^ just as the children of country peofrfe ar# 



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12» 

ill gtit^tBt drea&ed. They seemed perfectly ignoranf 
of ihe high rank of their foster mother, or rathei^ 
not to comprehend it. l^he sight of a stranger 
somewhat ahasked them ; but their bashfnlness soon 
wore off, and they appeared to be perfectly at home/ 
Thehr dignified beneJhctress converse<l witli them' 
in n lively, }ocose, and troly maternal manner. 
Sbe calted t<^ her first on6, then ahotlier/ add^ 
another, «nd among the rest, a little boy, five or 
MX years old, who bad a sore upon his face. Many 
a parent of too delicate nerves, would not have' 
been able to look at her own child in this state, 
without an unpleasant sensation. Not so the royal 
mother of these orphans.' She called the boy to 
iMer, guVe him a biscuit, looked at his fkce to see 
wither it had got any better, and manifested no 
i^pognance wb^n the g^teful infant pressed her 
biincl to his bosom ; what this wise, royal instruct- 
i^ss said to me on this- occasion, is too deeply ind*. 
pressed upon my memory to be erased : * People 
find fault with me,' said she, * for not doing more' 
for these children, after I have even taken them' 
under my care : I ought,^ in their opinion, to pro- 
vide them with more elegant and costly clothes, to 
keep masters of every kind for them ; that they 
may at once make a ftgure as persons of refined edu- 
cation. However, I only langh at their censure, 
for T know what I am about. It is not my inten- 
tion to raise these children into a rank superior to' 
that in which they are placed ; in that rank I mean 
them to remUfin, and to become useful, virtuous, 
6. R 

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130 

and happy memblrs of society. The boys are dei- 
tined to become expert seamen, and the girls skil- 
ful, sensible, industrious housewives — nothing more. 
I have them instructed in all that is really ser- 
viceable for either of these destinations ; but every 
thing else is totally excluded from the plan of edu* 
cation which I have laid down for them. TlK)se 
who are acquainted with the splendour of the 
higher classes, and have reflected upon it, will be- 
ware of snatching children from the more happy 
condition of inferior rank, for the purpose of raising 
them into the former, in despite of Providence and 
natural destination.* 

** Such was the wise and philanthropic manner in 
which this admirable Princess, in the flower of her 
age, passed one day after another. Towards even- 
ing a very small company, of not more than three 
or four persons, assembled at her house to dine 
with her, and fortunately ceremony did not oblige 
her to pay regard in her selection to any other re- 
commendation than merit. It was only on court 
days, when the royal family assembled, that she 
went to town or to Windsor, to complete the dig- 
nified circle of which she was such a distinguished 
ornament. To the theatres, and other places of 
amusement of the fashionable world, her Royal 
Highness was a stranger. Since she came to 
England she bad only been twice to the play, and 
that was tsoon after her arrival. This, which of 
itself was an extraordinary circumstance, will be 
considered q^ great ^aqriiice by those who know the 



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131 

Qticominon lore and respect ^Wth were cherished 
by people of all ranks for their future Queen, and 
consequently need not be told that she renounced 
a triumph as often as she withdrew from public 
view. 

*' She devoted one day in the week to her own 
daughter, the Princess Charlotte, who came to see 
her, and spent the day with her. There was no* 
thing te prevent her from enjoying this gratifica- 
tion oftener, for the child was to be brought to her 
whenever she pleased. For wise reasons, however, 
she dented herself and her daughter the more fre- 
quent repetition of a pleasure of which both of 
them every day were ardently desirous. * If,' said 
she^ ' I were to have the child with me every day^ 
I should be obliged sometimes to speak to her in A 
tone of displeasure, and even of severity. 8he 
would then have less affection for me, and what I 
said to her would make less impression upon her 
heart. As it is, we remain in some measure new to 
each other ; at each of her visits I have occasion to 
show her love and tenderness, and the consequence 
is, that the child is attached to me with all her soul, 
and not a word I say to her fails of producing the 
desired effect.' 

• "I was myself an eye-witness to the troth of 
this. Such tender attachment and such f^yent 
love, as this child, only seven years old, manifested 
to her royal mother, was assuredly seldom seen in 
persons of that rank. Her eyes were necessarily 
fixed on the beauteous countenance of her tender 

k2 

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mother 2 and what eyes ! Never io ^ phUd of har 
ag^e, have I beheld eye9 w expressiv^^^ so »oft» 80 
penetrating. The first time she cast them on roe, 
she seemed as though she would penetrate my ypoL 
Neither her dress nor her behaviour afforded th? 
least room to suspect her high destination : the 
former was so simple, and the latter sp natural and 
unaffected, that a stranger would scarcely ^tftke h^ 
for the heiress of a thrgne. In every 4ri9S% and pti 
every place, however, the attentive observer WQuld 
easily discover her to be an extraordinary child. 
The royal artist, her mother^ has made % model ffi 
her, and of several other persons who. are dear to 
her, in clay, and afterwards tal^en from them pla/i« 
ter casts which are most perfect resemblances. In 
ac(j[uiring that art, this accomplished Pri^qess pre«> 
served a manner of her o^vn. Inist^ad c|f wprkingi 
as usual, a long time from modelH, she merely pro* 
pured instruction in the use of the tocJs ; her fapoy 
then formed, from the detach^ traits of apoenis the 
representation of an imaginary pei^son,. and shq 
began to cQcnpose the figure withpnt any cppy* 
The subject of her first ess^y was the Lepiiora of 
j^urges's celebrated ballad ; her s^cp<i4 was the^H^Ml 
of an old lord, whose name I have forgqpUt\ ; :im<l 
the third was her daughter th^e Pp^oc^ss Charlotte. 
** This reminds me of another pye^p pf work by 
the haqd of this royal artist, ivhich I had likewise 
an opportunity of inspecting, a^id which appeared 
to me equally beautiful aqd ingenipns* l» passing 
through her work-room (vyhere, b^iiifUs i^ choice 



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|8$ 

Cfl&^Cti^ of bMks wd all jkiiM)^ ojf inipl€|R«itt» 
pf the artg^ kber^ wa^ a tai^g^Q tajble oovered irjtk 
papejra, writingfi drawipgs^ani) ho^) she took tbo 
treoble to direct my i^tteotioa 4y>.a^ery bendfionar 
table^ ami a6fee4 V^e what l.cooc^iv^ it to he* 
m^ithootzfa EttomenVs hesibltlofi I 4ieclairad it «r((t- 
jnlatd, qfy.as it i^ called. Mosaic w^irk ;. md thatvit 
was an ^i^coU^Dt specimen of th.e ai*t* . She mbH^di 
ai)d sakL^tbat could tif>t be, as she^ who knew no*, 
tbifig of Mosfiic work, had made it herself,. aiwl » 
a few hoars* It is nothing more, added her Royai 
HiglHiof^t U^Q A Si|uare of ^^foond glass, dn wbicb 
I hiive fastened wHh gum different kinds of natarfidv 
flaweiv, which were first car0fuUy dried and presa» 
p4$ and then turned the glass with the smooth side- 
oppennost to produce the delMsioo b^ which ^/^oft- 
were just pow deprived. The tf ho)e art, or ratheir 
the tri^ing^ degree ;of troiihtet which this easy ope<^ 
ration requires, con^isits merely in the choice of the- 
situation which must be giveo to each flower^ so< 
that one may be properly connected with .the 
other, amd ^hat qs small a vacancy aa possible may. 
reoiain b<Hween them, As the glass would not,, 
however^ Ji>e completely covered, I suppose (for 
linlMckily I foigot to inqpire) that the intervals are 
stained with colours so as to give.ihem the apjpeaiu 
fince of stpne. 

*^ 3y means of this pleasing artifice she liad^ 
mad^ a Chinese lamp for one of her other apart^ 
m^nt^, which, like those of coloured glass, or thin> 
aLai>aster, diffused a very mild light* 



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134 

'* A second table in her work-room, which ap» 
peared to be composed of every possible species of 
marble, was, what I should never have guessed^— 
nothing more than a square of ground glass, which, 
on the (Dther side, was painted in such a manner 
that the spectator could not help taking the whole 
for specimens of all the species of marble joined 
together and inlaid. In each corner a small cop* 
per plate of some antique figures was stuck ; of 
course, on the reverse of the square, which com- 
pleted the deception." 

Could it have been thought possible, that a lady 
of such a mind, of such a heart, and attached to 
•uch pursuits as are here depicted, could be the 
constant object of open and secret enmity ? Yet 
to it was : there was not an action of her life, a 
word, or a look, that was not watched by the eye 
of envy and jealousy, and tortured to the basest of 
meanings. Her generous and unsuspecting heart 
was continually laying her open to suspicions of a 
black and hateful nature. From the moment of 
her separation from the Prince, it was her cruel 
lot to be beset by enemies and spies both at home 
and abroad. Driven into a sort of unnatural re- 
tirement from those circles in which her exalted 
birth and situation in life justly entitled her to move, 
and of which she was calculated to be ** the grace, 
life, and honour ;'' surrounded by those worst, and 
bitterest of foes, pretended friends, and deluding 
advisers, her good name was in perpetual jeopardy. 
Enty and jealousy are dispositions of a nature 



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135 

snperemifiently fitted to produce '^ murder, stra* 
tagemft and death." The snakes that entwine th« 
heart of envy, and the monsters formed in the evit 
imagination of her yellow-eyed sister and coad- 
jutor, jealousy, seldom fail, in a greater or lesser 
degree, to eflTedt the wicked purpose for which the 
demon of destruction originally formed them; 
though, thanks to the omnipotence of truth and 
innocence, the mischiefs brooded by these fiends, 
sooner or later, react upon those by whom they ar^ 
cherished, and their intended victims may rest as- 
sured, that, if not in this world, at the final hour of 
retributive justice, in ** another and a better'* scene 
of existence, these deadly monsters will meet their 
due reward. For a long time, however, was the 
Princess of Wales tbe object of attack from per- 
sons nourishing these hateful propensities, till at 
length she was driven to the painful extremity of ap» 
pealing to a generous, and dispassionate public, the 
details of which noble daring will form a very con- 
spicuous part of the ensuing sheets. 

In writing thus warmly concei^ning the character 
of her Boyal Highness, and that of her enemies, 
let not the reader imagine that the author is dis- 
posed to eulogize every act of that much injured 
Princess, or to approve of every measure she has 
thought proper to pursue. Still less, let him be 
understood to cast the entire blame of the shame- 
ful persecutions she has suffered during the many 
painful years of her separation from her royal 
husband, to any disposition in that husband to acts 



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of injustice or c^raeUy. His Ikfajesty, I tloabt nol^' 
both wliikt ]\e wa& Pnnce of Wafes, and fifiAco hb 
acces$ioi> to the throne, has been most scftncklottttly 
dn{)ed and mrbte^l by the enemies of \m Koyai' 
Consort. 

It is the misfortiincf of maiky WeSl-ineaDiag' mi^ 
ileally g^ood persoi^s, sometimes to fall into the moa^ 
distressing and embarrassing' dtffidutfciea ahd errors 
aten when) a;); ^hey imagine, they are performing 
some triity benevolent and praiseworthy" abt« Thus 
k wa» with ti)e following nnfortunate'drcutnstaaiee^' 
when her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales» 
iiMst incautiously and' most' ihjudieionsiy adopts 
ed the infant ehtid ef a poor man ot the nfUne of 

Jltl5TI!r. , 

As it will tend vety materialiy to shorten like 
Narrative that 1 ahaU hereafter be eompelled to gire 
of what has been/ emphaiioally, tboagfh not very' 
trnty, teamed ^ Tht I^sUeate InvesHpationf** I shall 
)ay such particulars before ibhe reader^ respecting 
the birth of the child Austin, as ha)ve akeady trans*- 
pired or may be relied upon. 
. The father of this child , whose name wai» William^ 
was a poor labourer in the Docit-Yard atDieptford. 
The mother; Sophia Austin, according to hef oadi 
taken before commissioners apppinted for that and 
other important purposes- connected therewith. Was 
delivered of this child in Brownlow Street Hospital; 
on the 1 )th of July 180-2. She deposed that it waa 
her second child, and was marked, at the time of 
ks birtiv in the right hand, " with red wine." At 



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137 

the time whea the short peace wad proclauned be- 
tween ihia country and France, a number of worb- 
men were discharged from the Dock-Yard, and 
poor AMtin happened to be one of tbebi. On a 
Saturday, about the end of October, 1801, it ap^ 
pouv, the afflicted mother of the child, having heanL 
^for who had not heard ?) of the charitable diapof* 
aition of the Priuceas of Wales, went to Blackheath 
with a <« petition to get her huabaod restored/' JU 
that time the AUsttns lived with a. milkman of the 
name of Bearblock, at No. 7, Deptford New>r«^w« 
When ahe got to. Montague Hou$e, the resid^M^ 
of her Royal HighnesB, she desired Mr« Stikeman^ 
who was page to the Princess of Walea, and whom 
ahe had known on a former occaaimi^ when she 
applied for a letter of admission to Brownlow 
Street Hospital, to present her petition. Stikemail 
replied that the servants were commanded not to 
do aoch things, bnt seeing the poor woman with a 
baby he could not lefnse. For a reason which shall 
be given in another place, the page took the child 
and the petition at the same time, to her Royal 
Highaeas. He was, as the poor woman described 
it, a loDg time gone; and when he returned with 
the child, he brought '' hal£4*guinea which the 
ladies had sent her.' ' He said if the child had been 
younger he oooid have had it taken care of for the 
mother ; but he desired that sh«i would come again. 

Acoordtagiy, on the feUowing Monday, Mrs« 
Anatin went again to Montagoe House; and again 
aaw Mr. Stikaman, who, after sexerol visits ta 

6. a 

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19B 

Aostin*s owti lodgings, directed the mother df 
the child to take it to Blackhetith on the 5th of 
November} but as that day was very rainy, she 
did not take it. The day afterwards Mr. Stikeman 
called at Austin's^ and took the nnother and the 
child to the Prrncess, who, on seeing the ch]ld,.asked 
ito^age ; then directed the mother to be shown into 
the coffee-room, to have some arrow-root, to wean 
the child, and afterwards to bring it, and finally 
leave it with her Royal Highness. On the 15th of 
the same month, the child being weaned, Mrs. 
Austin took her infant to the Princess, under whose 
oare she left it ; but had frequent opportunities of 
seeing it afterwards. 

Such is the account given on. oath by the mother 
of this '< mysterious child,'' as her Majesty *8 enemies 
have chosen, to designate him ; but as it is of great 
impoi^tance that this fact should be rendered a^ ob» 
vioiis as possible, and to prevent a recurrence to the 
sitbject hereafter, unless so far a& it may be found 
tieeessary ta notice it in the accusations against tha 
perBe(;itted subject of these Memoirs, I will here 
Ifi-ve a complete analysis of vvbat others, have de- 
. posed confirmatory of Sophia Austin's sttatement, : 

It will be proper, in the first pkice, however, to 
insert the following, extract from the register of 
births and baptisms of children, born in the British 
Lyiu^-in Hospital, a most excellent charitable 
institution^ founded in the year 1749, for the re- 
ception of poor married wonien ; and situate fA 
No.^4» 'Brownlow Street, Drury Jjane : 



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1^ 

May, 

8, Tliomas^of Richard and Elizabeth Aaslin, ' 20 

July, 
11, William, cf Sainocl and Sophia AustiQ, 15 

The above are the only two, eiitriea ander the name of AuttiQ^ 
nboiit the period in question, and were extracted by nie. No 
description of the children is preserved. 

Cbari.es Watkin Williams Wtnn. 
June 23, 1S06/' 

> Thus the register corresponds with the name and 
date of the birth deposed to by Sophia Austin, the 
mother of the child. In further conftrmation of 
this womfin^s deposition, we have those of several 
others, siervants in the household of the Princess, of 
which the following are the substance : 

RoBBUT BiDoooD, whose testimony in other 
r^pects, as we shall hereafter have to remark, is not 
▼ery favourable to the Princess of Wales, swears 
that Mrs. Austih used frequently to visit Montague 
House having anothcff child greatly resembling the 
one with the Princess. 

Frances Lloyb, whose testimony also in other 
respects is extremely prejudicial to her Royal 
Highness, deposed, that she reraetobered the child 
being brought to Montague House ; it was brought 
to her room. She had orders sent her to give the 
mother arrow-root, with directions how to make 
it, to wean the child and to give it to the mother, 
who took the child away ; and afterwards, in a 
week or ten days, brought it back again, and then 
also it was carried into her room. She asked Sophia 
Austin how a mother could part wUh her child | 

S2 

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140 

*wlio, with tears in her 6yes, replied that she codd 
not afford to keep it. The child was said to be 
about four montiis old when it was brought. 

Mary Ann Wilson, swore, that she remem- 
hered the child being brought to the Princess : the 
mother brought it/ when ft appeared to be about 
four months old : $he remembered also that twind 
had been brought to her Royal Highness before 
the child in question was brought. Bamu£I< 
RoB£BTfl depo^d to the same eflRect ; and 
Thomab Stikbhan, already mentioned, swore 
that the Princess bad, as every one in the house 
knew, a strong desire to have an infant ; that is to 
adopt one as her own. He eompletely confirme<t 
the mother*8 deposition about the petition concern- 
ing her husbandy and the bringing of the child. At 
the time when this deposition was made^ which was 
qn the 7th of June« 1800» Austin, the father of the 
child, lived at Pimlico, in Stikeman's own house. 
His wife was a laundress, and washed the Princess's 
lineut ond employed Austin to turn the mangle for 
him. He knew tUat the child was born in Brown* 
low Street Hospital. He was sore the child had 
not been weaned after it bad been brought the first 
time. The Princess was very fond of it ; it was 
always called William Austin. 

JojBN SiCARP, house-steward, remembered 
the ciiild being brought ; and supposed it might be 
Itbout five months old at the time. But, perhaps^ 
the most material deposition is that of Chari^otts 
gANiUBA, a natinre of Brunswickt who bad thim 



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141 

IWed with the Princess of Wales eleven years, and 

ivas her dresser. This person deposed to the fact 

of the child's being under the protection of her 

Hoyal Highness — that the father and mother were 

then aliFe ; she had seen them both ; the father 

had worked in the Dock- Yard, at Deptford ; but 

kad, at the time when this deposition was made, 

lost the nse of his limbs. Sander was present when 

the child was brought to the Princess ; she cam^ 

out of her own room and took the infant herself. 

She was sure that she never saw the child in the 

-boose before it appeared to be four months old. 

SuzABBTH GosDEN, deposed, that, in No^ 
vember, 1802, she was sent for to the Princesses 
boose to look after a child, that, as she under^ 
gtood, had been then nine days in the house. She 
was to nurse the child. One of the ladies deliver* 
ed the child to her ; and told her that her Royal 
Highness wished her to take care of him. Bbe was 
about a year and three quarters with the child ; 
during which the mother used often to come to 
see it. 

This evidence respecting the real birth and 
parentage of William Austin, whose name will 
again frequently occur in the course of thesci 
Memoirs, is most satisfactorily wound up in the 
report made by the commissioners to his late Ma* 
jasty of the result of their investigations into this 
most delicate and important circumstance. That 
report shall, hereafter, be given more at length; 
but^ is this place it is necessary to quote so much 



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14(2 

of it M immediately relates to tbe fact now before 
tl)e reader^ 

«* W^e are happy/' say tbe cominissioners» " to 
declare our perfect conviction, that there is no 
foundation whatever for believing that the child 
now with the PrinceiiS of Wales is the child of her 
iRoyal Highness, or that she was delivered of any 
child in the year I8O29 nor has any thing appeared 
to us whicji would warrant the belief that she was 
pregnant in that year, or at any other period within 
the compass of our inquiries. The identity of the 
child now with the Princess, its parentStage, the place 
and datt^of its birth, the time and circumstances of 
its being first taken under her Royal Highnesses 
prdtection, are all established by such a concur- 
rence both of positive and circumstantial evidence, 
as can, in our judgment, leave no question on this 
part of the subject. The child was/beyond all 
doubt, born in Brownlow Street Hospital, on the 
11th day. of July, 1802, of the body of Sophia 
Austin, and was £rst brought to tbe Princesses 
house in the month of November following." 

Such is a brief history of the birth of this 
child ; the materials froiii which I have compiled 
it arp scattered through several sheets, but I have 
not omitted any fact of consequence that could 
throw the least additional light on the subject. 
Young A.qstin, who, of course, is now (July, 
1820,) just entered his nineteenth year, is still 
with his royal and generous protector. With 
ber tie has travell^^ ov^r ft grt^at pait of thQ 



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143 

£ur(^pean continent, and throiigfh many of tho 
most interesting districts of the eastern world. 
He has been the subject of conrersation in all 
parts, aiid bids fair to form materials for an im- 
portant chapter in the future history of England. 

That her Royal Highness, in adopting this 
child, was influenced by no other feelings than 
those which reflect honour on her heart, I have 
lur hesitation in believing ; but that, under all the 
ctrcumstancei in which she was unfortimately 
placed with respect to her peculiar situation at 
the time when she undertook this act of affection 
and benevolence, she acted a most unwise and 
tojodicious part, cannot reasonably be denied. 
The experience of ^even years ought to have 
taagi)t her, that she could not stir with perfect 
nfety ; and that such a measure as that of adopt*- 
ing 80 young an infant, might, at' some future pe- 
riod, very greatly endanger both her character 
and honour. It must be confessed, that at that 
time she had but a very imperfect knowledge of 
the real character of her new acquaintance, Lady 
Douglas; nor was it pot^sible that a lieart so 
unsttspecting as that of her Koyal Highnesses, 
should conceive that so much' perficly could have 
place in the breast of one moving in the circle bf- 
life so respectable as that in which she found her 
ladyship. As it is the genuine character of guilt 
to suspect the innocent, ^o is it a very common 
indication of innate purity to be reluctant in 
thinking or believing ill of others. But goodness' 



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144 

of heart is not always accompanied by great dis* 
cemment of understanding ; hence it is tiiat nrany 
^ good .naan has fallen into snares which the artful, 
the suspicious, and the designing, almost uniformly 
escape* Under the cloak of superior prudence 
and caution the vilest passions may be indulged, 
whilst under the influence of candour and benevo- 
lence the most fatal errors may be committed. 

It is highly probable, that had her Royal High* 
ness, the Princess of Wales, not adopted the infant 
child of Sophia Austin, nor that of any other per-* 
son, her enemies ^ould never have dared to bring 
charges of any criminal nature Against her ; and tliat 
she might to this day have been residing at Blacks- 
heath, or at one of the royal palaces, with as much 
tranquillity as was at all compatible with the 
secluded condition to which, on other accounts, she 
was unfortunately reduced. By this one unwise 
step, she afforded her enemies an opportunity to 
slander her beyond measure, in as much as it fur« 
nished them with a sort of plot for that infamoHa 
drama they afterwards got up to destroy the Prin-* 
cess'^to please, as they wickedly imagined, her 
husband, and to gratify their own vicious propen^ 
sity to scandal, as welt as that most hateful of all 
human passions, an envious jealousy* 

The reader will easily perceive, that in these 
details and reflections respecting William Austin^ 
I have anticipated some facts of this history ; but 
he will find, that, in so doing, the future narrative 
will be less broken in upon; and that we may. 



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'^ 7/Md-j ,1//^ ^ya/r 0^//'/:v^/y. 



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145 

proceed, withoat tntemfption, to the tnott hn- 
portanl portion of the Life of her lute Majesty, it 
may not, however, be improper, first, briefly to 
go oter some of the leadings events and traits in 
the abort Kfe of her beloved and most amiable 
daaghter, the late Phikcbss CHARi.om: of 
Wales and 8axb*Coaitrg, confining myself, 
as mach as possible, to those facts which refer 
principally to the conduct and character of the \U 
Kistrioas individual whose memoirs, in this volume^ 
1 am chiefly concerned to detail. 

Her Royal Highness the Princess Charlotte ef 
Wales, as I have akeady stated, was bom on the 
ITIh of January, 1796. Whilst the pai^onts of tbia 
lovely infant were living apart in a state of mutnal 
dissatisfaction with each other^s conduct, she was 
gradnally unfolding those amiable traits of cbarac^ 
ter which, in b6t more advanced life, rendered her 
the object of unitersaf esteem and admiration. 
The mdnnents of her education she receired from 
ber nsother, assisted by an excellent and truly pio« 
clergyman resident in the neighbourbood, the Rev. 
Dr. Watson. 

She is said to have matfe verj rapid progtesg iir 
the acquirement of a knowledge of the aljihabet, 
and in die art of reading; btrt what was of inflnitel;^ 
greater moment to the formation of her character, 
and to her happiness, her mother very early 
insph^ed her with a just sense of religion, mnI the 
dotiea and doctrmes of the Christiao faiAi. The 
late I>r. Vorteas, the pious and eicoltent BMtop 

7. T 

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146 

of London, in his journal, left by him, gives the 
following account of this charming young Princes^ 
when she was but just turned her Qfth year : 

'' Yesterday, the 6th of August, 1801« I passed 
a very pleasant day at Shrewsbury House, ne^ 
Shooter's Hill, the residence of the Princess Char- 
lotte of Wales. The day wars fine, the prospect 
extensive and beautiful, taking in a large reach of 

I the Thames, which was covered with vessels, of 

various sizes and descriptions. We saw a good 
deal of the young Princess: she is a most captivat. 
iog and engaging child, and, considering the high 

' statioi^ she may hereafter fill, a most interesting 

and important one. Bhe repeated to me !«everal 
hymns with great correctness and propriety, and on 
being told when she went to Southend in Essex, 
(9A she afterwards did for the benefit of sea-bath- 
ing,) she would then be in my diocese, she fell 
down on her knees, and begged my blessing. I 
gsive it her with all my heart, and with nay earnest 
secret prayers to God, that she might adorn her il*^ 
lustrious station with every Christian grace; and 
that if ever she became queen of this truly great 
and glorious country, she might be the means of 
diffusing virtue, piety, and happiness, through 
every part of her dominions." 

Such was the early bent of her Royal Highnes^'s 
mind, on that most important of all subjects, 
religion. The following anecdote will show what 
impre8si<H)s her m^d had received on that next 
valuable bmnch of. huruAi^ study,^ .pQUties— By 



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147 

reKgioD and politics all mankind are governed — 
Being* one evening present daring a game of chess, 
one of the parties suddenly exclaimed ** check 
Biat^/' << What is that ? " asked the Princess. 
Slie was answered, '* it is when the king is en prise 
by kiny particular piece, and cannot move with- 
out falling into the hands of the enemy/' << That 
is ft bad situation, indeed, for a king," said the 
Princess ; ** but can never be the fate of the King 
of England, so long as be coittbrms to the lawsj 
for then he will meet with the protection of his 
sofajects." 

Vohimes might be filled with anecdotes display- 
ing the very great tenderness of disposition and 
true goodness of heart which manifested themselves 
in tte early life of this Princess. Charity, the 
darling virtue of her mother's breast, held a most 
oonspkootts seat in her bosom. Yet she very soon 
discovered no small portion of that intrepidity of 
soul, mixed op at times with a considerable share of 
irritation, that supported her afflicted parent midst 
ssch a *' siege of troubles," as in so short a space 
of time few persons, even of royal blood, were 
ever doomed to experience. 

We have already seen, that ere she had attained 
her eighth year, she "was taken entirely from under 
the care of her mother. She had always been 
remarkable for an honest expression of whatever 
she deemed fit to be remarked upon ; and when she 
bad attained to that age which enabled her to 
make a due distinction between right and wrongt 

T 2 



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149 

•be often fearlMsljr ^mliqi^tioa^ gtve her-ppinion 
respecting tb$ diff^ew^ tbiit #«M^,befaweM her 
parents; wd^ coo^idering {M «he bftd :iibeay till 
tbeo, chiefly under tbe'cMY ^vbejn moihersthad 
experienced her imtteraal teynleriiefui ;« undlirteiied 
with delight to tb« iessow ^f wi^Qiii.an<i p^pleMnre 
which fell from her lips, it was perfec0yit)|ilunil 
that she should . warmly espouse her. cause, and 
repel with indignation erery bint, or whiqprthat 
the implacable ei4hnies of tl)e Fdniseps. of Wales 
might presume to ptt^ iq hw presence^ rThat 
those repulses were always made with judgment is, 
perhaps, under such circomstances, too mnoh to 
expect* It, however^ aoon became visiJMe tp aomo 
of those who sanroundod the houae of her R^al 
Higbneifa, that a more vigilant eye oagbt lo be 
kept upon the conduct and principles /of tlie yoODg 
!Princess; nor were there wanking pmKiM;faady to 
convey to the Prince of Waleaauch iAteUigenoe as 
induced him to change the system of.edwatton 
heretofore pursued. lady de CUfford waa, aocord- 
ingly, ap|K>inted her governess. The. SLing^ who 
by th^ lawa of the land ia auppoaed to be the 
guardian of all infants, availed himself of hia prcro* 
gative in thia case, and appointed the Bishop of 
Sxeter, whom he afterwards translated to Ibe aee 
of Salisbury, to be her private tutor. The Rev. 
Dr. George Frederick Nott, whoae grandfather was 
a German, and had a aitoation in th^ royal ho«iae« 
hold, and waa a particular favourite of hia Mitfesty 'a, 
waaelected her sub-precepton Dr., Notfe owed4hia 



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149 

appoialiiient to a volame of Bampton's Lecture 
SmrmonMf which he had dedicated to the King* 
llBder Meh able aod piotCs totors, her improvemeuty 
both with iBgard to human reaitiing and the prio- 
i%4i i a of true religioD, made very rapid adrancea ; 
bat the always kept her mind frae from every prin^ 
ciple that might lead to iatolerance towards those 
wIm^ eoBseieotiooHly disseuted from the. forms of the 
eatMiltshed chorch* Her studies usually commenced 
at«ia 0*clock id the morning, and continued^ with 
but slight interruption, till the evening. 

This severity of mental exercise required that 
the utmost care should at the same time be taken 
of her health. With ibis view ajk elegant mansion 
belonging to a Mr. Wilson, at Bognor» was taken 
for a certain number of years, as her summer resi* 
deuce* Here she enjoyed every rational pleasnre 
add comfort of which it was possible for her to par«* 
take. I regret exceedingly that the limits of this 
pobliqation will not permit me to enliven the nar^ 
rstive by the relation of some of those welUautbeo- 
ticated anecdotes of the condescension, the urbaoitj 
of manners, and aboye all the charitable dispositioo 
o€this lovely Princess with wbicbthe history of her 
residence at Bognor is so pregnent 

The estimation in which she held those who 
were appointed to be her instructors, and who faith"- 
iolly discharged their respective duties,, was very 
great. But no wonder she should be pleased with 
a systom of education which was partly chalked 
out for her by that pattern of lemide excellence. 



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160 

Mrs. Hannah M6re,' who, wlien the edn^afti*m bf 
the Princesf* became an' o}>jefct 6f serious attehlwn 
to her inudtrioos friends, ^IH^aa coiisultisd B^^ ii^ te^ 
a per^nage than the Queen hertelf. Ontbi^okic^ 
ftion Mrs. More pabHshed her "Hints towards 
forming the character of a y^^ung PrifR3^8,"m 
vork which was d<5eervedlj stamped with the iH>>al 
approbation, as w«ll as thai of ttee worW at fetrge. 
In that work, the writer ha« wisely considered, hot 
only what ii^ adapted to ilie duties, but what to the 
dangers, of the rank of a prineess. She hasr jadi- 
cioasly pointed out the various branches of iknow-^ 
ledge essential to her educaftion ; the infinite \m* 
portance of forming the mind ; has delineated the 
specific education calculated to form the character 
of a great sovereign ; the importance of studying 
aacient and modern history, and particularly that 
of the English, with the moral advaatages to be 
drawn from this study, independent of the e9cam|)<ds 
itexhibitsy and its use in teachings the oboice "of 
favourites; with remarks on flattery ,' and the dan- 
gers with which it is attended. The trae hH^s of 
popuUrity; the importance of the royal example 
in promoting loyalty; the graces of deportmettt; 
the choice of society ; the art of moral caicuiatioii, 
and forming a just estimate of things and persons j 
of erroneous judgment; with observations oil 
various eminent characters, ages, and books, are 
all treated with peculiar aptness to the subject 
before the autter. But, above all^ this work, Iik«^ 
every other production of this most valuable ^ritel", 



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161 

i^qolcc^i in ..the cko^rest and strongest manner, 
f^'Vast inipprtan^e of jtriie celigion. The beauty 
^M e»c^He«ce of. the boly scriptures, apd the dis- 
iingwishing ^hamcter^ pf phristianity, particularly 
aB.a principierof action affecting supreme rulers, are 
BQKMifc Ittddty sethefoie the reader, as at once en- 
lightening the hnderstanding aod warming and im*- 
proving the heait. 

M I bttve given this faint analysia of this work of 
Mrs. ' More'ft because the reader will be thereby 
bMter enabled to fosm a judgment of the character 
of Ihe yonng Fnlieess, which was most happily 
fcNrmed on the prindples laid down in this ezcelleat 

WQri(« 

It is the fashion to estol the persons as well 
aa the actions of favciarite and popular princes : her 
Boyal Highness, the Princess Charlotte, had aa 
aadple share .<if this species of adulation ; and noty 
ii DMSt be admitted, without some degree of : pm^ 
and reason* Whilst a child it was imagined she 
woald have be&A of a slender and.jd^licate figure^ 
Imt aashe grew up i she gradually. acquired thstea 
&on point for which the present royal family is g/^- 
nerally remarkable^ Ha4 Larater seen t^e grace 
and majesty of her step, he would instantly hi^ve 
pronounced her Royal Highness one of the vf^(^p 
dignified and noble of intellectual beings in this 
sphere of mortal existence ; nor would this decision 
h^vebeen so much at variance with truth and expe- 
rience as some of the other conjectures of .that good 
and amiable physiognomist* 



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152 

Hei'-Royftl Hfg^hness was actively engaged to her 
ttiidieti at Windtfor at the time when the " delicate 
investigation"' concerning the conduct of her mother 
wa«; in progress. The result of that incjuiry gave 
unspeakable joj to this excellent Prmoeeik. When 
the intelKgence was Arat Mmmanicatad to her, '- 
the conYmhtsfoneft-hftMl entirely exculpated hen 
ther from every charge of guilt, she ts said to baMt 
suddenly dropped opoiif ^her knees, and to have 
uttered fervenffpraiseto^ Almighty Got); in grati- 
tude for so speeia) a dettvemnce. Short, howiever, 
was this excess of joy ; for the correspondence Ibilt' 
soon afterwards took place between the King atnl 
the Princess of Wales, did not terminate evaetlj 
as could have been wished. Her Royal Highness, 
thoughacquittedof the main charge, and, msbnie 
respects, once mfore admitted at court, bad stilt a 
elund hanging ov^ her; and such a dutiful, 
afleetionate, and pious child as the Pktncess Char^ 
lotte could not know that her mother laboured 
under the displeasure of her fitther, fvithoot feeling 
moit sensibly for a parent to whom she was sifr 
passionately attached. But it was not so mochon 
account of the almost total absence of the Princess 
of Wales from court, as the additional restraint 
under which she was laid with respect to her inter* 
course with the Pkrhicess Charlotte, that gave such 
great pain to both mother and daughter. Several 
inttances of the severity of those restrictions we 
shall have to notice in the course of our review of 
her Royal Uighness's Kfe subsequent to the year 



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Ids 

1906 : at |H*e8eot vfe mutt hasten to oomphto thill 
brief HMmoir of the Princett Charlotte, 

Intke year 181;»» andasliorfc time fcefore tbedase 
of tliat of 1813, her Boyal Hi|^hiies$ was visited kf 
a mmewbal; tforere fit of sickoewy ifieraaeed« ifna* 
broogbt on, by the Iroly affictiaig^ sttiiation in 
^bieh she etood wkb her mother, and the disagvee* 
uents, cooteqnent on that circtunstaoce, i^ Wind* 
aor. Aboot this time a confereiiGe was h^ld on the 
AHbjeet of the Princess's fatare education and ea* 
AaUishm^tit$ at which were presedt, the Qneen^ 
ihe Prince Regent, the Princess Charlotte, and the 
Lord Ctianceilor. The young Princess, it appeared, 
had expressed her wish, that, as Lady de Clifford 
bad resigned her situation as governess, she riiouM 
henee£Nrth have no other person in that capacity, 
being, as she thought, then of an age to govern 
herseif. This, however, on the part of the Prince 
Regent, in which he was supported by the Queen 
and the Lord Chancellor, was not permitted, and 
the Buohess Dowager of Leeds was appointed to 
aaeceed Lady de Cliflord. 

Iduring these negotiations Imd arrangements, 
the Arincess of Wales addressed a letter on the 
subject to her royal husband. In this letter she 
comphitins, in very strong terms, of being cot off 
from ev^ry domestic enjoyment, particularly the 
XMily one on which she set any value : — the society of 
her chiM ; by which circumstance, she declared that 
lilie was involved in such misery as she well knew 
hiif Royal Highness would not inflict upon her, if 
- 7. V 



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144 

tm ^Tatf- aware df ite bitteriiBtfli. Nor i«|iid this^^llib' 
only ground of ' comphliit 9 ^ the' pkin of exclodNifig 
the yoan^ Princess from ati ititercoarM with tii«' 
world appeared, to the jodginenti of itne'antiu^y 
a^ber, pecoliarly onfortivnate. Siie who wa^dfes- 
tided ta be the sovereig'n 6f this great coantrf 
eftjoyed none of those advantages which are deem^^ 
ed necessary for imparting a knowledge of man^ ; 
kind to persons who have in6nitely less occasion 
to learn that important lesson ; hence it might )so 
happen, that the Princess would be called upon to 
exercise the powers of the crown with an expe* 
rience of the worki more confined than that of the 
most private iodividual. To the extraordinary 
talents with which the Princess Charlotte was 
ble^ed — accompanied^ as those talents were, by 
a disposition singularly amiable, frank, and de- 
cided, — her mother could trust much ; bot, beyond ' 
a certain point, the greatest natural endowmaota 
cannot struggle against the disadvantages of^ciiv' 
ctimstances and situation; it was/ therefore, her 
most earnest prayer, for her own sake, as well aK* 
h(f country's, that his Aoyal Highness might be; 
induced to pause before this point should i be' 
reached. .^ 

Although above a year older than the a§e<. at- 
which every other branch of the royal familjl 
had received the benefit of .episcopal confirm^ 
ation, the Princess had not been yet admitted to 
the advantages of that religions i^ite. On this ac- 
count, also, the frincess of Wales conjured the 



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Piliyce R^giiftiH' to hear'^er eiitreiities upon thin 
sewmm uifttt6r» .even if' he, should Ibteo to olbegr ad- 
vsf^QI^ tbMig9 ef lesg.near; toocenmuent to thae : 
weMi^e oif Iheir^cbild. ! 

^Th^^ remonstrance was unheeded, till, hirviii|p 
found its way into the Moraint^ Ciironide, it^ 
attoioted the notice of the public ; and a most 
. powerful inpressiQiiH it made on the minds of the 
people* It had^ however,' no other eflbct than that 
of^prodncing^,a>.still strouj^er deternination of the 
Pninjce Regent to restrain the intercourse between 
ib6:inptheraad tbe child. On the birthi-day, bow* 
ever, of the Frinceaa Charlotte, iki 1813^ she dined 
with berinother at Keasinglon Palace. ' 

Some tim^.afler this, at a dinkier at Carlton 
^ouse, at which the Karl of Lauderdale was pire- 
sent, n ciccumstance took place which caosed con- 
siderable agitation and conversation. The Earl 
gaveiaWbig toast, for the Priisce Regent was ag 
yet neft unCrieiMUy to. those principles. The Prin- 
cess Charlotte wa? present, the party being select 
and; .private } and on the next toast having been 
giteiii by. ber father^ she burst into tears, and Icfft 
Ui6 room. What .that toast was it never appeared; 
but the grief it gave to the Princess Charlotte was 
very^gffesAt and drew from the severe pen of Lord • 
Bymaitbe^ following unjustifiable lines : ^ 

itv, '^ TO A LADY WEEPING. ' 

«u ^> .;" Weepji.^aughtAr of aroyalline^ 
'^^ 4 (lire's dis^raf^^ a realm's deo^:«— 

Ah ! happy if each tear of thiue 
.« '> j'^CMWiri^h Vfath^r's faults a#ay!'' ^ "' * '" ' 

V2 

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" Weep-^or iby lean we Tlrtiie's tem ; 

Auspicious to these sufTeriiig isles * 
And be each drop in future years. 
Repaid tliee by thy peopte's smiles V* 

By way of retalialion, the opposite party retorted 
on his tordship thus acrimoniously : 

'' Bard of the pallid front and curly haff, , 
To London taste and northern critics dear; — 

Wiatid o£ the dog, eoropantoA of tbe bear; 
ApoUo diewM ia trioynest Turkiefa gear I 

«' 'Tie thioe la ettlogiae the fcU Cornr , 

Scorning all laws that God or man can frame ^ 
And yet so form'd to please the gentle fair, 
•That reading misses wish theirloves the same. 

''Thoo prov'dt that taws are made to aid the strong. 
That mtttderers and thiefea al6tie are brare. 

That ail religioQ is an idle 9eng» 
Which troubles life, and leaver osatthe grave. 

'* That men ami dogs baveeqaal claims on heaven ; 

iThough dogs but bark, and men more wisely prate ; 
That to thysdf one ffiend alone was given; 

That friend a dog, now aaatok'd away by iite. 

" Aadl last can tell how daoghlera best may knew 
Their love and duty to their fiithera dear^ 

By reckoning vp what streams of filial woe, 
Win give to every crime a cleansing tear. 

««Long may^at then please this wonder-seeking age. 
By Miimy ptrcbaa'd, and by Mtoi^ admir'd-^ 

May fashioii never quit thy claasi^ pa^e. 
Nor e'er be with thy Turkomania fired !" 

The Princess's indisposition at lengtli was cared, 
and it was hoped that no farther restrictions would 
have been imposed on her intercourse with her 
mother. She had removed from Windsor to War- 
wick House» in iiondon; but it was soon lifter- 



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167 

war40 irttimitod t^^bif tVuiMM of 'Waiesy t^t her 
visits there imtst be entirely diseontmtled. In tbis^ 
state matters remained till her Royal Highness left 
the country » 

The young Princess having nearly attain!^' 
bar eighteenth year, when sb^ would be con- 
sidered as of age, the poblic attention was at- 
tracted towards a proposal of marriage between 
ber Royal Highness and the young Prince of 
Ohinge. He was first introduced to ber at Wary 
wick House, on the 14th of December, I'SIS ; 
foot it was not till the 21st of April following/ 
that any ofikial notice of this intended marriage 
was made, which, however, as is wett known, 
never took place. 

After much delay, and something like alterca^ 
tion, a drawing-room was appointed fVn* the express 
porpose of having the Princess Charlotte first pre- 
sented :•. a iK>rt of royaf initiation into the busy and 
fashionable work). At the close of this ceremony, 
on leaving the palace, the Prince of Orange handed 
her Royal Highness to her carriage; and CYery 
day seemed to confirm the opinion that a tnar*- 
riage was at band. The chief reason why this did 
not take place, was said to be the Prince^^s insu- 
perable objection to residing on the continent ; but 
perhaps the most powerful cause was the superior 
attachment which the Princess, about this time, 
formed for the Prince of Saie-Coburg, then on a 
niit, with other royal and distinguished foreigners, 
IB this country. Added to this, it was well known. 



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156 

that the Prin^^e of Qrange bad chosen. to sigoaKse 
himself as a partisan agaiiitrt the Princess of Wabs, 
in her unhappy dispute with the Prince Regent. 
On one occasion, it was said, the Prioeen . Char* 
Iptte inquired of the Prince of Orange, in case of 
her marriage, what line of conduct she would be 
expected to pursMe relative to. her mother; to 
ifhich the Prince replied, tba#tbotugh she might 
have perfect liberty to visit h^er at Kensingti^n 
Palace, or elsewhere, yet tliat on no accpunt should 
the Princess of Wales enter the house of the. Prince 
of Orange. This reply for ever closed the n<ego« 
tiations for a marriage between these illuHtriM$ 
personages; and the Pripce Leopold of S»xe-Ca« 
burg happening, soon afterwards^ to be iotroduced 
to her Royal Highness, an intimacy, founded on 
reciprocal affection and attachmentt commenced, 
which was perfected . in the marriage of the Prin- 
cess to this amiable and excellent Prince*. The 
Prince of Orange afterwards united himself to the 
late Archduchess of Russia, sister to the Emperor 
Alexander, and the Duchess of Oldenburg, who 
hftd ta'ken a very active part respecting the in- 
tended union of the Princess Gharlotte and the 
Prince of Orange. 

In July, 1H14, the Prince Regent, for reasons 
which have never been accurately known, but 
probably connected with the unhappy differetncea 
with his wife, resolved to disrpiss the entire hpuae- 
hold of the young Princess. Accorcijugly,. on t)ie.' 
12th of tha| month, he repaired to Warvvicsk QoMjie* 



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silid mfotmed his daughter that he was coliic to' 
diHiniss all her brasehold, as well as all the ser- 
vants attending on her Royal Highness ; and that 
ahe roost immediately take up her residence in 
Carlton House, till she should be removed to 
Cranbourne Lodge. Some warm expostulations 
took place on the part of the Princess, but the 
Regent WAS inflexible ; and at length he appeared 
to have convince<i^ her of the propriety of obedience 
to Im will on this important occasion. His Royal 
BighoesS) howeveri was mistaken ; for on his pro- 
poaing to introduce to the Princess her future at- 
lendaatB, the Ladies Rosslyn and Ilchester, &c. 
she begged leave previously to retire for a few 
moments ; a request which was, of course, readily 
granted. Instead, however, of returning, the high- 
apihled Princess, in a 6t of desperation, pri- 
vately left the house, and running into Cockspur- 
ulreet, actually threw herself into a hackney-coach ; 
Bjadf after having asked the coachman, if she might 
depend on his protection^ declared who she was, 
and ordered him to drive to Connaught House, 
then the residence of her mother ! On her arrival 
alie f<>nnd that the Princess of Wales was not at, 
borne; but Mr. Sicard, the steward, instantly dis- 
patched a messenger to her, and she was met on 
the ix>ad returning from Blackheath, who, on the 
receipt of the intelligence, imrhedi^itely drove to the 
Parliament House, and asked for Mr. WhitbreacJ j, 
bet be did not happen t6 he therie. ' She then Fn-" 
qtlired atibe'Hbude of Loi*ds.for Earl' Grey, who 
unfortunately was theii Out' of town. Her Royal 

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Highness then drove with all speed to Connadgbt 
House, and there fmmd her agitsttedaad distracted 
daugbtei:. Mt. Brougham, by this time hairjag 
been aent for, had arrived, whea a eonsoltaUoo to^ 
place as to whtt bad best be done in tbia esUfaar*- 
dffiary and unexpected caise. 

The flighl; of the Princass naturally caubed the 
greatest eonstemation in the minds of the Prince- 
Regent, and the ladies left at^tVarwick Honse. 
The principal oiioisters of ataite were imoiediaJtely 
i^nt fovf and a cabinet eooncil was bald at the 
Fora^ Office, m also aiiother at Carltott House. 
The Queen, tlso,w ho was then engaged at a card 
party, was apprized of the circumstance ; and she 
instantly left the company. t 

Information having been obtained of the place 
jkf retreat of the Princess, the Bi«hop of Salisbury 
and the Duke of York were aettt to remonstrate 
with her ; and, agreeably to the Prince's com- 
mands, to brio^ her instantly to Carlton House. 
^She had been jnformed* jliiat the laiw positively 
enjoined her to pay the strictest obedience to 
the commands/ of her father: and upon the as<- 
surance of the Duke of Yoi^, that she sbontd not 
be treated with severity, she coasetted torrefairn 
,with him. 

. .It appeared that Mrs. lie wis bad foUowed Ike 
|!*rinces$ to Clonnaogfat, >l{puse« W4tb her night- 
clothes ', and she retorned with her in the carfia^ 
.tp Parltan House. With the exception ^of tihis 
t'i^^ale, ^il, b^r ilpyuL filigba^iss' nttondauts ai]d 
«»ervanUi were jutitantly ddisQhdfged*. . .1 • . 

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Tkis cimNnttanM beeomingf publicly knewA, 
created a very strong senMCiieii tbroagfhout the 
iwlicHi; but it Ind no otbtr ^eot than that of 
laying the Prioeeta . Charlotte amior still stronger 
realrietiona; and, oo the 18lh of tboMMM nMtK 
she was mtnoved to Oranbevrae Lodge, whew abe 
lived for some tiBoiey not in the noet agreeable 
manner, aa may be vary readily eaaeeived* 

The time now approftched when her Rojfitl High- 
nesa the Frinceaa of Wales resolved to qait this 
ammufj and to reaida o» the aaatiMOt. Tbia reso- 
lution, of ooone, very greatly added to the dts- 
Ire^se^ of the Princess CbarlottCf Rigid as were 
tk» ordec^ rcfpMtiiv b«r iiitircoirs# mUh hn 
mother, she was permitted, theii|^h ael privatalj, 
to visit ConnHught House, to take 9, !ast farewell 
of her distressed and afflicted parcPt* I will POll 
tsost myaalf with any attempt to describe a scene 
which can be so much ea3ier sind so much more 

coiT«^ ^QWgiMd tbm depicted* 

1 naoat not wdoiga farther in this oatliiie of tba 
life of this amiable Princess. The circumstances 
of her marriq|^e with tb^ ej^celleot Leopold : the 
pffoapMla cf the leiig» h^ppyt mi frnitfoL results of 
that anioi^; the affection with which it was every 
day ceoiented ; the birth and death of a young 
Vmt»* md tb^t of. its lov^y mo4ber j 0)^ gri^f of 
the 4iscensolate widowor; and the overwhelasiog 
distress of the whole nation, are alt facts so strongly 
imprinted on the minds of BngKsbmen, and are 
so recorded in the annals of all Barope, they 

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168 

never will be forgotten, nor do they need to be re- 
peated in this history. 

The following apostrophe to the memory of this 
lamented Princess, which appeared in one of the 
public journals of the time, breathes the genuine 
sentiments of the whole nation on the melancholy 
occasion of the Princess's death : 

" Anidst (h* Mclaim of Qniversal praite; 
In life and Glory's freshest bloom, 
DeaCli camo remorseless on, and sunk her to the tomb.*' 

LOa» LTTTLCTON. 

" Eten thus, in the flower of yonth — ^in the bloom of loveliness 
— bright with aDttoipation— beaming with inlelligenee — beloved, 
and bleat in tbe fulness of mutual affection — surrounded with 
splendour — sweetened by self desert — gifted to irradiate the glory 
of a throne, or shed lustre on retirement — her Native Land's 
delight— her Royal Father's pride— her Princely Consort's All :^- 
Even thus, in the rich harvest of the past— in the fond promise 
of the future — ^fell, like a'' lily o'ercharged with rain/' the fairest 
of Brunswick's daughters. 

" Peace to her Angel Spirit! — sad and desolate arte the 
mourners she has hd behind, for her life was lovely and full of 
hope. In the smile of her benevolence she cherished the poor 
and forsaken ones — and they shall cherish her name, and venerate 
her memory, in nnpoUuted teais, , fast flowing from the heart. 
PWe to her Angel Spirit ! for she was ali her Albion's daughter 
— glowing with Patriotism — but she is gone — her beauteous star 
is set for ever— and Albion weeps her lovely one, 

" Peace to her Angel Spirit! for she was Brunswick's sweetest 
flower — Beauty sparkled in her eye — Hope hung enraptured on 
her smile — |ind Pity and Charity, like twin roses, grew together 
in her gentle bosom, '* stealing and giving odours." Weep, 
Albion, for thy fondest hope is blasted — ^W«ep, Brunswick, for thy 
brightest gem is faded — ^Weep ! — Yet wherefore weep ?— her life 
was spotless, and, eternal happiness is her reward." 

We will DOW resume tbe interesting but afflicting^ 
details of the life of this sainted Princess's mother. 



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CHAPTER V. 



Tt is now the historian's duty to enter upon, by 
far the most painful and interesting portion of her 
late Majesty's life. To do justice to the subject 
wftboat appearing somewhat tedious in the detail 
will be no very easy task. It will be necessary, in 
this chapter, to combine within as narrow a com* 
pass as possible, the substance of nearly four 
hundred closely printed pages, occupied ip those 
highly curious and interesting documents forming 
altogether what has been emphatically denomi- 
nated ** The DeUcqte Investiffatian,^' and pub- 
lished a few years ago under the title of *^ Tlie 
Book/' of which numerous spurious and rery in- 
accurate editions were printed. The one, however, 
to which I have been indebted for the extracts made 
in this volume, is an exact and faithful reprint of 
the original genuine edition, printed by Edwards, 
of Fleet Street, and partially published by Lind- 
sell, in the year 1807, and afte wards bought up at 
an enormous price by the late Right Hon. Spencer 
Perceval. The reader may rest assured, that no* 
thing of the slightest interest in that curious farrago ' 
of calumny, indecency, and just argumentation, has 
been here omitted. 

The reader has already been made acquainted 
with the rise and progress of the '' differences" 
between his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, 
and his illustrious consort : I wish I had only to 

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relate the decline and fall of that unhappy state of 
domestic warfare. 

Unfortunately for the happiness and reputation 
of her Boyal Elighaeas the Prinoess of Wales, in 
th^ year 1801 , she took up her residence at Black*- 
heath, a fine elevated tract of country in the county 
of Kent, about five miles S. £• of Londoo^ on 
which stand several most delightful small hous^ 
and numerous very beautiful and elegant maasioQS* 
At this place her Royal Highness bad the mis- 
fortune to form a very intimate acquaintance with 
the family of Sir John Douglas, whose o^me ha$ 
already been mentioned more than once in these 
memoirs. Of tbe manner in wbich that acquaint* 
aJwe was originally formed^ the reader will Je^rti 
from the ensuing 

STATEMENT OF LADY D0V6LAS.* 

HiB Royal UigluieBs the PriDce of Wales having judged f roper 
to ordat me to detail io him, ae heir apparent, the whole circum* 
stances of my acquaintance with her Royal Highness the t^rineess 
•f Wales^ kom Ibo ^ I first spoke with her to the present time, 
I Alt il m^ <]uty, as a eubjeot, to comply without h^itation with 
bis Royal Highness's eonmands: and I did so, becaose I eon- 
ceived, efen putting aside the rights of an heir apparent, his Royal 
Highness was jnstified in infenmag himself as to the actions of 
bm wiA^ who, from all Uie infonnatioa be badi eellected, aeen^ 
so likely to disturb the tranqnillity of the country ; and it appeared 
to roe that, in so doing, his Royal Highness evinced his earnest 
regard fbr the real interest of the country, in endeavouring to 
prevent such a person from, perhaps, one day plaeing a tpurioM 

tx "•■•' >. . ■ ..« -^ 

* In laying the necetsary documenti, whether in an abridged or 
s perfect state, before the reader, I shall not follow the order in 
wWeh Ihey ate given in •' the Book,"* but agreeably io their re- 
(pective datt;». 



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bmr ii(ratt (tie fiogliili Thmie» rati which hii lUjuil H^hociit 
has Afldoed a fight to fflMr« #nd couBBAlcato !• Ihe S#f«reig»» aa 
the Priocese of Walea toU ne» *' If she wero dieeovered id hriof- 
iDg her 800 kite the world, ebe would give the Pruiee of Walee 
the^editef it for thit ehe had elept two olghte id the year oka 
^aa pngoaut at Carlton Honae.'' 

Aa aB EDgUahwofluuii edoeated in the higbeat reapeetAil 
attaffhment to the royal hmly ; aa the daughter of an fing&iah 
officer, who haa all hia life received the noet gmeiona marka of 
approbatioii and proleeltoD fimm hia Miyeety, and ftoai hia Aoynft 
Highneaa the Prince of Walea; and aa the wife of an Qttoef> 
whom our beloved Kiog haa hononred with a pnblic mark of U$ 
npprebaliee» D«d who ia honnd to the royal family by tiea of 
reipeetftti Mgard and attaehmentt which notblag can ever breaks 
I fed it ay doty to make known the Prinoeaa of Waba'a aen* 
limenta and eondaet« now, and whensoever I may he called npen* 

For the information, therefer€> of hia Mi^y and of the heir 
apparent^ and bj the detire of the heir apparent^ 1 hog leave to 
state, that Sir John took a honse iqion Blackheath ia the year 
IWl, becanse the air wwb better for him, after bin Egyptian 
servieeB, than London, and it waa somewhat nearer Cbathaa^ 
where liia nniitwy dntiea ocensionaUy ealled him. I had * 
daoghter, bom npon the I7th of Fabmary, and we took np oar 
residence there in April, living very happily and qaktiy; hat iw 
the mooAh of NovenAer, when the groond Waa covered with tnow^ 
aa I waa aittiag in my parlonr» which esoHnanded a view of tho 
Heath, I saw, to my anrpnae^ tha Priaeeaa ef Walea, elegantly 
dresaed in a Ubo satin pelisee, piimroee^coloQred half hoot% and 
a smaH lilac aatin travelling oap, feeed with cable, and a My, 
pacing op and down before the house, and sometimes stopping, aa 
if deairoos of opening Uio gate in the ironHrailiag to come in. At 
first i had no oonception her Royal HighooM really wished to 
GOMie in, hoi mast have mistaken the hoaae for another peraon'a# 
for i had never been made known to her, and I did not know that 
she know where 1 lived. I stood at the window lodting at her, 
and, as she looked very mach, from respect, eeurtesied (as I 
uodemtoed was costomary) ; to my astonishment she returned my 
coarlesy by a femiliar nod, and slopped. Old Lady Stnart, n 
West Indian lady, who lived in my immediate neighboarhood, aad 
who waa in the habit of coming in to see me, was in the room. 



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166 

Mi4 99lM, <* Yott vhould go 6ttl/ti«r Royal UighneM wants to^me 
io otti of the snow/' Upon this I went out, and she came 
immediately to me and said, " I believe yon are Lady Dougfas, 
and yoa ba?e a very beautifal child ; I shoald like to see It/' I 
attswered that 1 was Lady Douglas. Her Royal Highness then 
said, " I should like of all things to see yoar little child/' I 
answered, that I was very sorry I could not have the honour of 
(Mresenting my little girl to her, as I and my family were spending 
the cold weather in town, and I was only come to pass an hour or 
two upon the Heatli. I held open the gate, and the Princess of 
Wales and her lady. Miss Heyman (I believe), walked in and sat 
down, and stayed above an hour, laughing very much at Lady 
Stuart, who, being a singular character, talked all kind of nonsense. 
After her Royal Highness had . amused henelf as long as she 
pleased, she inquired where Sir John Douglas and Sir Sidney 
Smith were, and went away, having shook hands with me, and 
expressed her pleasure at having found me out and made herself 
known: I concluded that Sir Sidney Smith had acquainted her 
Royal Highness that we resided upon the Heath, as he was just 
arrived in England, and having been in long habits of friendship 
with Sir John, was often with us, and told jis how kind he shoald 
think it if we could lot him come to and fro without ceremony, and 
let him have an airy room appropriated to himself^ as he was 
always ill in town, and from being, asthmatic, suffered ex- 
tremely when the weather was foggy. Sir John gave him that 
hospitable reception he was in the habit of doing by all his old 
friends, (for I understand they have been known to each other wore 
than twenty years,) and he introduced him to me as a person, to 
whom he wished my friendly attention to be paid ; as I had never 
seen Sir Sidney Smith in my life, until this period, when ha 
became, as it were, a part of the family. When I relumed to 
town, I told Sir John Douglas the circumstance of the Princess 
having visited me, and a few days after this, we received a note 
from Mrs. Lisle (who was in. waiting) commanding us to dine at 
Montague House. We went, and there were several persons at 
the dinner. I remember Lord and Lady Dartmouth, and I think 
Mr. and Mrs. Arbuthnot, &c.-&e. From this time the Princess 
made me frequent visits, always attended by her ladies, or 
Mrs. Bander (her maid). Wiien Sander came, she was sent back, 
or put in anotliear room ; hut when any of Iter ladies were with her. 



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we always ^ai togeUwr* Her Royal Higboeas waa oever MtoaiM 
by aoy Ufeiy aervaoU* bat abe aJwaya walked about BlackbeaUi 
aad Ibe oeighboorheaid only wiib ber female aUendaota. In « 
abort lisle, the Princeaa bei;^e ao extravagantly Ibnd of ne^ tbat» 
however flattering it.migbt be, it oartainly waa very trottUeaome. 
Leaving ber attendanta below, abe would poah paat ay aervaat» 
and run up atain ialo my bedcbamber, kiaa me, lakejue in her 
arma, and tell me I waa beauti f ul, nyiog abe bad never loved any 
woman so much; that she would regulate my dreaB^ for the 
delighted in aeltiag off a pretty woman; and sucb bigb*llown 
oomplimento that women are never uaed to pay to each. other. 
I oaed to beg .ber Royal Highneas not to feed my aellJove, as we 
had aU enough of tbat> witbont enconraging one another. She 
would then atop me, and elwmerate all my good poiata I had, 
aaying abe waa determined to teach me to aei them off. 8he 
would exdaiai, Ob ! believe oie, yon are quite .beautiful, different 
from almoat any Engliah woman ', your arma are fine beyood ima- 
gination, .your bnat 18 very good, and your eyea,ob, I oeterauv 
sneh eyes— Htii other women, whd have dark eyes look fierce^ but 
yours (my dear Lady Douglas) are nothing but aatflneas and> 
sweetness, and yet quite dark* In this manner die went on per* 
petaaUy, even before strangers^ I remember when I was one- 
morning at ber house> with her Royal Highness, Mrs* tiaareourt,' 
and ber ladiea, the Duke of Kent atme to Uke leave before \^u 
Royal Highness went to Gibrtdtar Wheo we were •sitting 'at> 
table, the Princess tntrodneedme, and aaid^-oyoor Royal Highness 
must look al her eyes: but now she has disguised herself in a 
large, hat, you cannot seehewliandsome she i% The Duke of 
Kent was very polite naid obliging, for he continued to talk with 
Mrs. Uareonrt, and took little notice, for which I felt much 
obliged ; but she panistsd, and said-^take off yoor bat. I di<l 
not do il, and^she took it ofi^ but Us Royal Highness, I suppose, 
eonceiving it could not be very pleammt to me, took little notice,' 
and talked of something else. 

Whenever the Princess visited us, eitber Sir Jobny or I, returned 
home with her and her party quite to the door; and if he were 
out, I went with her Royal Highness; and took my foetmab; for 
we aoon aaw that her Royal Highness was a very singular and a 
very indiscreet woman, and. we resolved to be always very careful 
and guarded with her; and when she visited un, if any visitHr 



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168 

whM^orer eftme to oar Uame, they were p«l inlo MottMHr fwm, 
a»4 lb«y ODttld mI sm the Princew, or be in her eooiety, enlcw 
•he poMtively ^irtd it Hofpeter her Reyel Hltflmem foFgot 
ber high sttiion (Midt«he wee alweye fergettiiig U), we tmet, and 
hope, and feel salieficd^ we oeeer; for a nomeDl, lett aighl other 
being the wiih eC the b^r apparent 

We puned eur time at her Royal HSghaem ehone WFhcp together, 
a^id the muel amuseoieBte wcr o yt ey ing FVeoob preverbe, in 
which the.Princeaaalwaye caat the porta, and pleyed^ MMeal 
■agio; forfeiAa of all kinda^ aoaetimea diacing; and in Ibb 
manner, either the Prinoeaa and her ladiea wMi me, or we< at 
Mentegwe Henae^ we pasoed our time» Twioe^ after epending the 
morning with me, nhe remained withoat gif ing ma any ptevieoa 
notiee, and weiid dine with na, and thus ended the year 1801. 

In the ffiooth of February, before Miaa Garth wae to eeme into 
waiting ii| Mareh 1802, the Prieeeaa, in one of her jmiraing eiail% 
after ahe had aent bandar home» aaU, ** My dohr Lady Dooglaa» 
I em oome to ae^ yon thia morniog te eak a gmai favoer of yeq, 
which I hope yon will grant me.'' I toU her, ^« 1 was anee ahe 
eeald mifc make any wwerthy ve^ueit» ui Ihet I would eply aey 
I eboeU have great pleaante in doing aey thiog W oMi^e her, 
hot I wee really at a leaa to gueee hew I peembly oonl^ hove iil 
in my pewento gvmit ber a Ihfoet.'' \imf Royal ttighinaa 
rcfiied, *' what I hate to aefc ie flir yoo ta eeme and spend a 
tetatgbt wilJi mei yen ahatl not be aepitrilad fiemShr John^ lor 
he mey he with yen wheaeter be pleaamy mid hrmg your Hub 
gill and meld. X memi yen te name to tim fioned Towmr, wheie 
there aoe e complete sait of sooma Av a lardy and her aerrant 
Whmi Uta^ Usie wea ia wMting, and hart her M» she resided 
tkere; Mimi Heyroan ajwaya wan there, and JUrd and Ijriy 
Vivingtfm have afept there. When' I have any married people 
f(ieitifl^ me» it is ImHer tluei thttr being in the honse^ and wb ate 
only oeperated hy e well gaidt*. I diallke Mim Gflitb> and she 
hateato be with me, more than what her duly demand^ audi 
denH wi«b to tronfale any of my iediee eat el their turn. I shall 
nequire you, as Jsdy m wailing, to otiend hk la mgr walks; aad 
when I drive oat; write my a«le« and leHers fa tae.and be i* 
the way to apeak to aay one who may eoaM ea hosineaa. I 
seldom appear xmtil aboat three e'efeoh^ pmi yen amy go hema 
babselifaniyoasAerfaieabli^tevceydi^/' iMplied^thatj^hig 



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10ft 

ft MBiritd vontii* I oooM nol promiw Ibr myself, aii4» m 9ir 
Jolin iras orach onl of heftilli« 1 alioQld nol like to lea? e kMH-; hut 
in VIS ftlwAys ao kind and |(ood*iiaUind to aie, Ikat I dared to 
IPMiUire to aav bavooM allow aM if be eoold ; and irkea ko caaie 
liona 1 aaked Ma if I shoiiM go. 8ir John agreed to the Priaoeaa'a 
4eeire, and i look tke wttting. Dnring my ttay i attended ker 
'Royal Hlghnesft to Ike play and tke ofiera I Ikhik twice, and also 
4o dioe%A Lord Dartmontk'B and Mr. Vf ittdkam'a. At If r. Wivrf'- 
%iam% inlkeeyomng, WMleon«) of tke ladies irfts aithekarji- 
eiekord, tke Prtiieess complained of being very warm, and called 
out for rfe, irbieh, ky a mKitakc in the language, she always calla 
cit. Mrs. Windham was perfectly at a loss to comprehend ker 
wishes, and came lo me for an explanation. I told lier I believed 
eke meant ale. Mrs. Windham said she had none in the hoase, 
was it any particnlar' kind she required ? I told her I believed 
not; that wheh the Princess flioaght* proper to visit me, she 
Ittways wanted it, and 1 gave lier what I had, or coald procure for 
|ier upon Blackheath. We could not always suddenly obtain 
what was wlahed. Mrs. Windham tlien proposed to have some 
went for, and did so; it was brought, and the Pi-incess drank it 
lll.*-^When at Lord Darfmouth's^ his Lordship asked me if I was 
the- only lady in waiting, being, I supposed, snrprised at my 
appearing in that sitnatton, when^ to his knowledge, I had not 
Iciobwn the Princess more thnti four months. I answered, I wa$ at 
Montague House, acting as lady in waiting, until Mtss Ganh was 
well, US the Princess told me she was ill. Lord Dartmouth looked 
aorprised and said he had Oot beard of Miss Garth being ill, and 
was surprised. I was slmek with Lord Dartmoutli^s seeming 

' lioi^ of Miss Garth'-s illness^ and after, thought upon it. From 
the dinner we went at an early hour to the opera, and then returned 
to Blackheath* During 4kis visit I was greatly surprised at the 
whole style of the Princess of Wales's conversation, which was 
constantly very loose, and sqeh as 1 had not been accustomed to 
^ear; anoh as, in many instances, I have mt been able to 
repeat, even to Sir John, and such as made me hope I should 
cease to know her, before my daughter might be old enough tu be 
corropled by her. I confess I went home hoping and believin'>> 
she wis at llmea a good deal disordered in her senses, or she 

• never wiR^d have gone on as sheilid. When she came to sup with 
me in Vhe Tower (which she €tften did) she would arrive in a long 
8. V 



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red cloak, a iilk handkerchief tied over her bead under ker cbiir, 
and a pair of slippers down at the heels. 

After supper I attended her to the house. I foand her a persoa 
without education or talents^ without any desire of iinproviDg 
herself. Amongst other things which surprised me while" there, 
iras a plan she told me she had in hand; that Prince Williain of 
Gloucester liked me, and that she had written to him, to tdl him 
that a fair lady was in her Tower, that she left it to his own heart 
to find out who it was, but if he was the gallant prince she thought 
him, he would fly and see. I was amazed. at such a contrimnce, 
and said, good, God ! how could your Royal Highness do so? 
I really like Sir John better than any body, and am quite satisfied 
and liappy. I waited nine years for him, and would never marry 
any other person. The Princ^^ ridiculed this, and said nonsenae, 
nonsense^ my dear friend. In consequence of the Princess's note. 
Prince William actually rode the next morning to the Tower, but 
by good fortune Sir Sidney Smith had previously called and been 
admitted, and as we were walking by the house, her Royal High- 
ness saw the Prince coming, went immediately out of sight, and 
ran and told a servant to say she and I were gone a walking, 
and we immediately walked away to Chariton, having first, nup^- 
ceived, seen Prince William ride back again, (of course not very 
well pleased, and possibly believing I had a hand in his ridiculous 
adventure.) It scenes he was angry; for soon after his Royal 
Highness, the late Duke of Gloucester, came and desired to see 
the Princess, and told her, that his son William had represented 
to him how very free she permitted Sir Sidney Smith to be, and 
how constantly he was visiting at Montague House; that it rested 
with herself to keep her acquaintance at a proper distance, and as 
Sir Sidney was a lively, thoughtless man, and had not been ac- 
customed to the society of ladies of her rank, he. might forget 
himself, and she would then have herself to blame— that as a 
father, and an eaniest friend, he came to her, very sorry indeed to 
trouble her, but he conjured and begged her to recollect how. very 
peculiar her situation was, and how doubly requisite it w^s she 
should be more cautious than other people. To end this lecture 
(as she called it) she rang the bell, and desired Mrs.* Cole to 
fetcli me. I went into the drlwing-room, where the Duke and her 



* Query, b/tr. Cole. 

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MoyalflighneM^were tiUing/and she iittrodttced me as an old 

fnend of Prince WHliam's. His Royal Highness got up, and 

looked at me very much, and then said, *'The Princess has been 

talking a great deal about you, and tells me you have madf* one 

of the most delightful children in the woHd, and indeed it might 

ir^ be so, -when the mother was so handsome and ^ood-natored- 

looking/' By this time I was so used to these fine speeches, either 

lh>m the Princess, or from her through others, *that I was ready 

to langh, and I only said, ** We did not talk about much beauty, 

but my little girl was in good health, and her Royal Highness 

was very obliging/' As soon as his Royal Highness was gone, 

the nincess sent again for me, told me every word he had said, 

and said ** He is a good man, and therefore I took it as it was 

meant; but if Prince William had ventured to talk to me himself^ 

I wonld certainly have boxed bis ears : however, as he is so 

inquisitive, and watches me, I will cheat him, and throw the dust 

in his eyes, and make him believe Sir Sidney comes here to see 

yon, and that you aud be are the greatest possible friends. I 

iMight of all things in cheating those clever people/' Her 

speech and her intentions made me serious, and my mind W8« 

foreibly struck with the great danger there would follow to 

myself, if she were this kind of person. I begged of her not to 

think of doing such a thing, saying, your Royal Highness knows 

it is not BO, and although I would do much to oblige von, yet> 

when my own character is at stake, I must stop. Good God, 

Ma^am, his Royal Highness would naturally repeat it, and what 

should 1 do P Reputation will not bear being sported with. The 

Princess took me by the hand, and said, certainly, my dear Lady 

l^uglas, I know very well it is not so, and therefore it does not 

ngnify. • I am sure it is not so, that I am sure of. I have much 

too good an opinion of yon, and too good an opinion ofSir Sidney 

Smith. Ik would be very bad in hini, alter Sir John's hospitality 

to him. I know him incapable of such a thing, for I have known 

blm for a longtime; but still I wonder too in the same house 

it does not happen. By this tiine I was rather vexed, and said, 

your Royal Highness and I think quite diiTerently — Sir Sidney 

Smith comes and goes as he pleases to his room in onr house. I 

really see little of him. He seems a very good-humoured, 

pleasant man, and I always think one may be upon very fViendly 



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temw with men vho are friends of one^e beibtiidi* wilhoil 
being their humble aervaats^ Tbe Priueeie argued n^a ihie 
for ao hour, said. This is Miss Garth's argument boi sbe wis 
mistaLeo, aud it was ridicoloua. If ever a iKmuui was apen 
frieadly terms with any nian« they were sure to become loveie, 
I said, I shall contiaue to think as Miss Garth did, and thai it 
depended very muoh upon tbe lady. Upon tbe 29th of Marcfa^ 
I left Montague House, and the Priucess commanded sm to be 
sent up to her bed*ebamber. I went and found her in bed, and I 
took Mrs. Vansittart's note in my hand, announcing tbe news of 
peace. Sbe desired me to sit down close to. the bed, and tbea 
taking my hand, she said, " You see, my dear friend, I bare tbe 
most complaisant husband in the world— I have no one to 
coutroul me-^l see whom I like, I go where I like;, I spend what 
I please, and his Royal ^igbne8B pays ior all— >4»ther EngUsk 
busbauda plague their wives, but he never plagues me s;t all» 
which is certainly being vecy polite and complaiaant» and I am 
better off than my sister, who was heartily beat every day. How 
mach happier am I than the Duchess of York ! Sbe and tfae^ 
Duke hate each other, and yet they will be two hypocrites, and 
live together— that I would nev^ do.-^Now I'll show jou • 
letter wherein the Prince of Wales gives me full leave to IbUow 
my own plans.'' She then put tbe letter into my haads» the 
particulars of which I have mentioned. When I bad finiabed, I 
appeared affected, and she said, " You seem to think thai a fine 
thing; now f see nothing in it; but I dare fe say that when my 
beloved bad finished it, he fancied it one of the finest pieces of 
penmanship in the world. I should have been tbe man, and he 
tbe woN»ao. I am a real Brunswick, and do not knew what Ibe 
sensation fear is ; bot as to hiip, he lives in etemai warm witer^ 
and delights in it, if be can but have bia slippeie under any aU 
Dowager's table, and sit there scribbling notes; tbei's his whole 
delight." She then told me every cireumstaace relative to ber 
marriage, and that she would be mparated, and that sbe bad 
invited the chancellor very often lately, lo try and acoomplish 
it, but they were stupid, and told ber it could not be done. It 
appeared to me that at this time ber Royal Highness's mind was 
bent upon the accomplishment of this purpose ; and it would be 
fpvnd, I thi»k, from Cord Eldon and the otberij that ebe preesed 



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Ikw wAjM cloM apoD theni) whenever tkey were at Moiitagae 
Bomei for the told me more Ibftn once the had.* Her Royal 
HigiuiM^ before ihe put the letter by eaid, "I always keep thi^ 
for it i« ever neeeeeary. I will go into the House- of Lords with 
it myaelf. The Prinee of Wales desires me in that letter> to 
chooae my ovn plan of life^ and amose myself as I like; and also« 
when I lived in Carlton House, he often asked me why I did nol 
aelsd some pariicolar gentleman for my friend, and was surprised 
I did not''— She then added, " I am not treated at all as a 
Pirinoen of Wales ought to be* As to the friendship of the Ouko 
of GioMOsler^s family, I onderstand that Prinoe William would 
ttko to many either my daughter or me, if he could. I now^ 
tkeiofare, am desiraiis of forming a society of my own choosing^ 
and I heg yon always to remember, all your life, that I shall 
slways he happy to see yon. I think yon very discreet, and tho 
beii weman in the world, and I beg you to consider the Tower 
slwaf s aa yonr own ; there are offices, and yon might alomat 
live thsre; and if Sir John is ever called away, do not go homo 
loyow fimiily; it is not pleasant after people have children^ 
Ihmefere always eomo to my Tower. I hope to see yon there very 
*on again. The Prince has offered me sixty thonsmid if Pll g*. 
and live at Haaever, bat I never will ; this is the only eountiy 
in the world to live in.'' She then kissed me, and I took mj^. 
leave. 

While I had been In the Round Tower in Montague House* 
wkiob only consists of two rooms and a closet on a floor, I had 
always my maid and child slept within my room« and Sir John 
was gon a ra lly with me : he and all my frienda having free pa»^ 
misoion to visit. Mis.f Cole (the Page) slept over my room, 
and a watchman went round the Tower all night. — Upon my re- 
tara liOBio, the same apparent friendship continued, and in one 
of her Royal Highness's evening visits she loU me, she wtf come 
to hsiwe a long conversation with me, that abe had been in a great 
sgiMftoB, and I mnat guess what bad happened to her. I guessed 

♦The cfaanceltor may now, perhaps^ be able to grant her 

ICI|IICSl. 

N« B. nepasaege c&iUakied in fibV luMeit, fa tkg mthenHcaiei 
t^ irmmittcdt^ ihc PrincmofW^akM, plaud ib Ma margin. 
t Qttciy, Mr^Cok. 



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174 

a mat many thing^s^ bat she said No to them all, and then I said 
I give it iip, for I had no idea what she could mean, and there- 
fore might guess my whole life without success. " Well then, I 
must tell you," said her Royal Highness, " but I am sure yoii 
"know all the while. I thought you had completely found me out, 
and therefore I came to you, for you looked droll when I called 
for ale and fried onions and potatoes, and when I said I eat 
tongue and chickens at my breakfasts ; that I would sure as my 
life you suspected me j tell me honestly, did you not ?" I affected 
;not to understand the Princess at all, and did not raally compre- 
lend her. She then said, " Well, Pll tell ; I am with child, and 
\he child came 16 life when I was breakfasting with Lady Wil- 
Joughby. The milk flowed up into my "breast so fast, that it 
came through my muslin gown, and I was obliged to pretend that 
t had spilt something, and go np stairs to wipe iny gown with a 
iiapkin,' and got up stairs into Lady Willoughby's room, and did 
very well, but it was an unlucky adventure.** I was, indeed, 
luosl sincerely concerned for her, conceiving it impossible bdt she 
must be ruined, and I expressed my sorrow in the strongest terms, 
saying, what would she do ? She could never carry such an affair 
through, and I then said, I hoped she was mistaken. She said 
Ho, she wa6 sure of it, and these sort of things only required a 
good courage ; that she should manage very well ; but though she 
told roe she would not employ me in the business, for 1 wa6 like 
all the English women, so very nervous, and she had observed 
me so frightened a few days past, when a horse galli^ped near me, 
that she would not let me have any thing to do for the world. The 
Princess added, "You will be surprised to see how well T manage 
it, and f am determined to suckle the child myself." I expressed 
my great apprehensions, and asked her what she would do if the 
Prince of Wales seized her person when she was a wet-nurse f 
She said she would never suffer any one to touch her person. 
Shr laughed at ray fears, and added, " You know nothing about 
ihese things; tf yon had read Les Atantures du Chevalier de 
Grarnmont, you, would know better what famous tricks Priocessea 
and their ladies played tlien, and you shall and must rdad the 
story of Catherine Parr and a Lady Douglas of those times ; hava 
you never beard of tt?^ Slie then related it, but as I never had 
heard of it, I lookeil upon it as her own invention to reconcile my 
mind to these kind of things.' ' After this we often met, and the 



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175 

MMMK.ofteii alluded-io her sitoatipD and to mine, aiiii one day 
u ive w^ietittiog together upon the wh, «be put her band opoa 
Iwr floiiiaeii^ and aaid, laughing, *' Well, here ve sit like Mary 
aadl Elizabeih, in the Bible.'^ When she was bled, she used to 
pren me always to be, and used to be quite angry thai I wovld 
Boi. and wiMleyer ^e thought good for herself,. a! ways .reGo»- 
aseaded to aie. Her Royal Highness now took every occasion to 
estrange ne from SKr Johii, by liCaghing.at him, and wondering 
howlcovid be eoa tent with him; urged me. constantly to keep 
my own room, and not to continue to sleep with him, and said, 
if I had any more children, she would ha?e nothing more to say. « 
to me; Her design was evident, and easily seen through, and 
conscqaently averted. She naturally wished to keep us apart, 
ks^ in a moment of confidence, I should repeat what she had 
divulged, and if she estranged me from my husband, she kept me 
to h^velf. I took especial care, therefore, that my r^ard for 
him shonld not be undermined. I never told htm her situation, 
and, contrary to her wishes. Sir John and I remained upon the 
same happy terms we always had. 

It will scarcely be credited, (nevertheless it is strictly true, 
and those who. were present must avow it, or perjure themseWes) 
what liberty, the Princess gave both to her thoughts and her 
tongue, in respect to every part of the Royal Family. It was 
diagttsting to us, beyond the power of language to describe, and 
upon sQch occasions we always believed and hoped she cou)d not 
be aware of what she was talking about, otherwise common 
family aflfection, common sense, and common policy, would have 
kept her silent. She said before the two Fitzgeralds, Sir Sidney 
Smith, and ourselves, that when Mr. Addington had iiis liou&u 
given^ him, his Majesty did not know what he was about, and 
waved her hand round and round her head, laughing, and saying, 
" Certainly he did not; but the Queen got twenty thousand, so 
that was all very well." We were all at a loss, and no one said 
aay thing. This was at my house one morning ; the rest of the 
morning passed iu abusing Mr. Addington (oow Lord Sidmouth,) 
and her critiques upon him closed by saying, *' It was not much 
wonder a peace was not lasting, when it was made by the son of 
a quack doctor." Before Miss'Hamond, one evening at my house, 
she said. Prince William is going to Russia, and there is to be 
a grand alliance with a Russhin Princess^ but it is not very.likely 



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17« 

» Rttitttii PriiieeM will marry the gnidsMi tf % ^ 
Sir Siduey Smitli, who was prtseoi, begged her pnim, ; 
il waa itotso, and wiahed to atop her> lut al^ coatridiatod hiai, 
aad cQtaiad into all aba kaew of tba privala bUtofy of Ibe Da- 
ebaaa'a notber. aayiog» " aba waa litaially a 
woman, and the Ducbeaa »ead Ml to toko aa 
to expoae ber akin to Iba open air, when bar molbef bad been w 
iiall day long.''. Whan aba waa gone. Sir Xobn waa very rnnaii 
diagnated, and aaid. Her conyamtion had baan ao tow and ili- 
jodged, and ao UMioh below ber, tbat he waa parfecUy aahaawd wC 
liar, aad abodiagiaoad bar atoiion. Sir Sidney Santh agreed, aiidl 
aonfeased ha waa aatoaiabed, for iC moat be confeaaed ahe waa not 
deaerving of her station. After the Duke of Kent bad baen m 
kind as to come and take leare of her, belbra be bat left Elif* 
land, opon tbe day I mentioned, she delivered her critique wpoii 
hia Royal Highneaa, saying, " Me had the maonera of a Prince^ 
bat was a disagreeable man, and not to be trusted, and tbat bin 
Majesty bad lold him, ' Now, Sir, when you go to Gibraltar> dw 
not make such a trade of it as you did when you went to Bali(az.* 
The Princess repeated, " Upon my bonoor it is fme ; tbe King 
aaid, * Do not make snch a trade of it/ '' She went on to 8ay» 
*' the Prince at first ordered them alt to keep away, but they came 
now sometimes : liowever they were no los6,4br there is not a man 
among them all whom any one can make tlieir friend/' As J waa 
with the Princess one raominj^ in her garden house, his Royal 
Highness the Duke of Cumberland waited upon ber. As soon 
as he was gene she said, ** He was a foolish boy, and had been 
asking her a thousand foolish question'^/' She then told mo 
every word of his secrets, whirh he had been tolling ber; in par- 
ticular, a long story of Miss Keppel, and tbat he said, tbe old 
woman left them together, and wanted to take him in, and, there- 
lore, he had cnt the connection. She said, she liked his connte* 
nance best, but she could trace a little family likeness to heraelf ; 
but for all the rest they were very ill made, and bad plum-pnddiog 
ftkces, which she could not bear. His Royal Highness tlie Dike 
of Cambridge was next ridiculed. She said, " he looked exactly 
like a sergeant, and so vdgar with his ears fnll of powder." Tlua 
was ber Royal Highne^s's usual and favourite mode of amnaing 
herself and her company. Tlie conversation iraa always aboat 
men, praising the English men, reviling all Eaglisk women, aa 



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177 

being ibeugltesicrafttareB io Um world, and tbo woKt, and alway« 
engaged in eome project or another, at the in)p«lM of the momenf 
might prompt, without regard to consequeoces or appearaiiet*«. 
Whether she anmaed other people in the saflie way, I know not, 
but she dioae to relate to ae every private eircunalanoe abe knew 
relative to every part of the Royal Faonly, aad also every thing 
relalive to her owe, with each alraiiga aneedplee, and dronni- 
etantial aceounta of thiaga that never are talked ef, that I agam 
repeat, I hope I shall never hear again ; and I remeinher^noe in 
ny h ing-iii-room, she gave each an aeeeunt of Lady Anne Wynd« 
ham's marriage, and all her haeband said oa the oceasion, that 
Mrs. Fitzgerald sent her dawghter out of the- room, while her 
Koyal Highness finished her story. Saeh waathe person wefoand 
her Royal Highness the Prineess of Wales, and as we eoatinued td 
see her eharaeter aad taalta. Sir John and myself mere «id more, 
daily and homrly, regretted that the world coaid not see her as 
we did, aad ttei his Reyal Highness the Prinee of Wales 
ahoald have lost any popularity, when, froai her own aeeomit 
(Ihe only account we ever had), she was the aggressor from the 
beginning, herself almte, and I« as an humble individual, deelare, 
that from tlie most heartfelt aad unfeigned conviction, that I 
believe, if any other married woman had acted as her Royal- 
Highness has done, I never yet have known a man who eootd 
have endured it; and her temper is so tyrannical, capricious, and 
furious, that no man on earth will ever bear it; and, in private 
life, any woman who bad thus played aad sported with her 
husbamfa comfort and her husband's popohurity, would have been 
turned out of her house, or left by herself in it» and would 
deservedly have forfeited her place in society. I iherefore again 
beg leave \p repeat, from the conviction of my own unbiassed un- 
deratanding, and tlie conviction of my own eyes, no haman being 
could live with her, excepting her aervants for their wages; and 
any poor unfortunate woman like the Pitzgeraids, ibr their dinner; 
and I trust and hope her real character will some time or another 
be displayed, that the people of this country may not be imposed 
upon. The Princess was now sometimes kind, and at others 
cfaurlisli, especially if I would not fall into her plans of ridiculing 
Sir John. About this time, one day at table with her, she b^aa 
abusing Lady Rnnibold, (whom she had invited to see faer a few 
days before^ to give her letters of recommendation if she went to 
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Bronitiick,) mod as the abuse was in the usual violent vulgar 
atyle, and I had never seen Lady Rumbold but that one morning 
when she was her Royal Highnesses guest, and cared nothing 
about her,. I did not join in reviling her and Miss Rumbold. 
Sir Sidney Smith was present, and as there appeared a great 
friendship between the Rumbolds and him, I thought it not civil 
to him to say any thing, and one always conqeives, in being quite 
silent, one must, be safe from ofteading any party. I was, bow* 
ever, mistaken; for, observing one sileut, she looked at. me in a 
dreadful passion, and said, *' Wby don't you speak. Lady 
Douglas, I know you think her ugly as well as us— a vulgar 
common milliner ; Lord Heavens! that she was; and her daughter 
looks just like a girl that walk up the street/' I suppose she 
expected, by this thundering appcMd, to force me to join in the 
abuse; but it had a contrary effect upon me. . I chose to judge 
entirely for myself, audi was determined I would not; therefore, 
when she had raved until she could go on no longer, I said I did 
ttot think her ugly ; it was a harsh term.— I thought her manner 
very bad, and that she was very ill- dressed ; but when young, I 
thought she must have been a pretty woman. This was past bee 
power of enduring, which I really did not know, or I would have 
remained silent. She fixed her eyes furiously upon me, ami 
bawled out, " Then you're a liar, you're a liar, and the little child 
you're going to have will be a liar. *' I pushed my plate from me. 
eat jao more, and remained silent, and my first impulse was to push 
back my chair and quit the house ; but the idea that I should 
break up the party from table, and make a confusion, and also 
my upt being able to walk home, and my carriage not being or- 
dered until night, led me in my chair. The conversation was 
changed; at last. Sir Sidney said again, " Well, these ladies 
have had a severe trimming, they had better not have come to 
Blackheath, and there sits poor Lady Douglas, looking as if 
she were going to be executed." As I was very far advanced 
in my pregnancy, it agitated me greatly, and I remained aloof 
and very shy all the evening. When I af^rwards wrote to Sir 
Sidney Smith for' Sir John, upon some common occurrence, I 
said, I do not like the Princess of Wales's mode of treating her 
guests: her calling me a liar was an unpardonable thing, and if 
she ever speaks upon the subject to yon, pray tell her I did not 
like it» and that if I had been a man, I would have rather died 



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tbftD eodared it; that is a thing which Bever, by any chanee, 
ooenra to a lady; ou a repetitioD of ft I will give ap her ao- 
fMaintance. It aaaos Sir Sidney Smith ' spoke to the Princess 
upon the subfecl; for two days hefore I was eonined^ she made 
meamomiDg visit with the two Flltgeralds, and, after having 
sat a slmrt time, said^ ^' 1 find yoa were very much affronted 
the other day at my hoase, when I called yoa a liar ; I declare 
I did not mean it as an affront ; Loird Heavens ! in sny other 
language it is considered a joke ; is it not Mrs. Fitzgerald ?** 
meaning, that in Germany it is a very good joke to call people 
liars (for Mrs« Fitzgerald does not know any laagaage but 
German and Eagltsli) ; Mrs. Fitzgerald absolately said. Yes. 
They made roe very nervous, and I burst into tears^ and told the 
Princess I only wished her to understand snch a thing was never 
done, and was for from demring her to apologize to me ; tliat I bad 
now forgiven and forgotten it, though I ooofoss, at the time, I was 
▼ery much hurt, and very much wounded ; that as I never beard of 
its being thought a joke in any couiitry^ I was not in the least 
prepared to receive il in that light! for that, in this country, 
ladies never used the expression, and men only to show their 
greatest contempt; that I never bore malice twelve hoars in my 
life, and there was an end of the matter. The Fitzgeralds sat by 
sometimes as audience, approving by looks ; sometimes as orators, 
hcgging me not to cry, (after tney had all made me,] and praising 
her Royal Highness as the most magnanimoos, amiable, good, 
beautiful, and gracious Princess in the world. In short, they 
tormented me till they made me. quite hysterical ; aud the Prin- 
cess began then to be frightened, and they all got up to look 
about the room for hartshorn, or something of that kind, to give 
me — ^the Princess crying, ** iJive her something, give her some- 
thing; she is very much shook, and her nerves ai^itated ; she 
wilt be taken ill.'' They gave me some water, I believe, and I 
did all I could to recover my spirits ; but I felt in pain, and Sir 
John came in soon after, and as I knew it would hurry him if he 
saw me ill, I appeared as cheerful as I could, and they all went 
away, the Princess taking no notice to him. Her Royal Highness 
had always said, hhe would be at my lying-in from the beginning 
to the end, and commanded me constantly to let her know, say* 
ing, *' I have no fear about me, and I would as soon come over 
the Heath in the middle of the night as in the day ; I shall have 

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a boUle of port wine on ft table to koep up yoor spirits, a tam^ 
bourine, aod Pll mtke yoa ainf:/' I waa anwell all tho nigbl 
aller her Royal Highoesa had baen with me, and remained so all 
next day ; and next morning, by sis o'eloak, was so ill, thai Dr. 
Maekie, of Lewiabam, wbo was to attend me, waa seiit for. In 
the forenoon I begged Sir John to write a note to Montague House, 
where it so happened I waa to have dined witli the party. He 
wrote that I had a head-ache, and begged leave te remain at 
home, and the Princess believed it^ and went to town ; but apoii 
her return, at five o'clock in the afternoon, she eslled before she 
went home to dress^ to ask after me, and finding how it waa, wanted 
to run up into the room, but Dr. Maekie said positively she shoold 
not come, and locked the door nearest to bim to keep her out 
Miss Cholmondeley and Miss Filxgerald were drave home, and her 
Royal Highness and Mrs. Fitkgerafd stopped. Upon ray giving a 
loud shriek she flew in at the other door, and came to me, doing 
every thing ahe poasibly could to assist me, and held ray eyes and 
head. The moment she heard the child's voice sbe left roe, flew 
round to Dr. Maekie, poshed the nurse away, and received the 
child from Dr. Maekie, kissed it, and said no one shoold touch 
it until she bad shown it to me. Dr. Maekie was so confused and 
astonished, tliat« alihough an old practitioner, he left the room, 
without giving me any thing to recruit my strength and avert 
fainting, as is the custom, and the nurse gave me what sbe thought 
best; by which omission, however, I waa not subject to (bint away, 
but it waa certoinly a new mode of proceeding where life is at 
stake, and ahowed more curiosity tlian tenderness for me. Before 
my little girl was brooglit to me, I observed, as her Royal High- 
ness stood holding it, that Mrs. Fitzgerald, the nurse, and her* 
self, were all Intent, and speaking together, as if there was some* 
thing peculiar in its appearance ; the circumstance alarmed me, 
fearing it was born with some defect, and I asked eagerly to see 
it, and if all was right. The Princess upon this brought it to 
me, and said it was a remarkable large fine child, and they were 
only looking at a mark it had upon its leil breast, certainly a 
very lai^e one, and a little on its eyes, but it wonid go off. I 
recollected that, altboogh I never, when in a pregnant state, was 
snbjectlo whims, as longing, as think hig it very troubleBome and- 
foolish, yet I felt obliged, in this instance, to believe the old* 
received opinion to be correct; for it happened, that daring my 



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viftH to MonUigae Hovae, in Marob, I was oiie Sunday reorning; 
Tery lOMcb inoominoded by pam in my cheat and stomach, and 
her Rayal Uigluieaa made Mm. Sander give foe some warm pep- 
penntni-waler ; ibere was raapberry-ice in the desert the same 
(lay» and I bad jvat began to eat mine, when the Princesi looked 
at ve, and aaid. My dear Lady Douglas, you have forgotten tlie 
pai» y«n were in thia SDorning; and, turning to her page, ordered 
bim to lake away my plate. 

(3igMd) CHARLOTTB DOUGLAS. 

JOHN DOUGLAS. 
In the presence of me, 
(Signed) 
AUGUSTUS FREDERICK, 

Dec. 3, 1806. 
A true Copy, 

(Signed) B. Blaomfield. 

•-.*»Mr. Cole# the page; removed it^ and I can never describe 
my disappointment; I was almost inclined to remonstrate.;' 
altbo^b theie was a \mrge parly of strangers, and I did express 
a desire to retain it» bat the Princess would not allow of it : and 
as tobe bad appoialed heraelf to the sole management of me, I was 
obliged tobe-^eC: ny naeaeiness, however, became extreme; 
aad forgettum^ every thing bnt the ice in question, I asked 
n Mr. Hamer, who sat next to me, to be so good as to ask lor 
aome ice; and, by dint of asking him to do so, I at length 
induced him, and at but he asked Lady Tewnshend for some more 
ice. I immediately took my spoon, and stooping a little, aa that 
the flowera upon the plateau concealed me in part Irom the Prin- 
ceaa, eat all Mr. Hamer's iee, while he looked on laughing, and 
put bis plate a little nearer to me that it might not look so odd. 
The following day I eat eight glasses of raspberry-ice at once 
and was very well aAer it : and from that time nought it every 
where, and eat of it voracioasly ; and I cannot help attribnting 
the marka of my little girl to the oircomstanee. Her Royal 
Highness then kissed me, begged me to send for her whenever 
1- liked, and ahe woald come; desired I might have plenty of 
flannel about me, of which she had sent me some by Mrs. Fitz* 
gerald, and tlien went home to dinner. I know jiot what she said 
oiSAwam^hec party atbamor but Miaa Cbobnondeley often 



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182 

said she should never forget the Priocen ou thai day. All the 
month of A agust the Princess visited me daily; in one of these 
visits, after she had sent Mrs. Fitzgerald away, she drew her chair 
close to the bed, and said, " I am delighted to seeliow well and 
easily you have got through this aflfair ; I, who am not the least 
nervous, shall make nothing at all of it. When you hear of my 
having taken children in baskets from poor people, take do notice ; 
that is the way I mean to manage ; I shall take any that ofier, 
and the one I have will be presented in the sane way, which, aa I 
have taken others, will never be thought any thing abouf I 
I asked her, how she would ever get it out of the boose ; bat she 
said. Oh, very easily. 1 said it was a perilous business ; I would 
go abroad if I were her : but she laughed at my fears, and said 
she had no doubt but of managing it all very well. I was very 
glad she did not ask me to assist her, for I was determined in my 
own mind never to do so, and she never did make any request of 
me, for which I was very thankful. I put the question to her, who 
she would get to deliver her P but she did not answer for a minute, 
and then »aid, I shall get a person over; Pll manage it» but never 
ask me about it ; Sander was a good creature, and being immedi<- 
ately about her person and sleeping near her room, must be told ; 
but Miss Ghaunt must be sent to Germany, and the third maid, a 
young girl, kept out of the way as well as they could. I aug« 
gested, I was afraid that her appearance at St James's covid not 
fail to be observed, and she would have to encopinter all the Royal 
Family. Her reply was, That she knew how to manage her dreM, 
and by continually increasing large cushions behind, no one would 
observe, and fortunately the birth*days were over, until she ahouid 
have got rid of her appearance. In this manner passed all the 
time of my confinement, at the end of which she sent Mm. Fitz* 
gerald to attend me to church, and when i went to pay my duty 
to her Royal Highness, after I went abroad again, she told me, 
whenever I was quite stout, pl^e would have the child christened, 
that she meant to stand in person, and I must find another god* 
mother; Sir Sidney Smith would be the godfather. I named the 
Duchess of Athol, aa a very amiable woman, of auitahle rank, 
and said, that as there had been a long friendship betwixt Sir 
John's family and the Athol family,! knew it would be very agree- 
able to him. Finding they were gone to Scotland, we wrote ta 
aak her Grace; and she wrote word she would stand godsMther 



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183 

%iUi ffttX pleasttre, «nd encloaed ten guineas for the nnrte. Tbe 
Frineess invitetl Sir Sidney Smith, and Mr. and Mrs. Spencer 
Smith, and Baron Herbert, and Sir John Douglas, to dine with 
ber» Miss Cholioondeley and tbe t«o Fitzgeralds were with 
her Royal Highness, and in the evening they all came ; I 
staid \ai borne to receive her. The clenryman from Lewisham 
ehristened tbe child ; the Princess named it Caroline Sidney. As 
soon as he was gone (which was shortly after the ceremony was 
over,) the Princes! sat down upon the carpet — a thing she was 
very fond of doing* in preference to sitting upon the chairs, say- 
ingy il was. the pleasantest lively affair altogether she had ever 
known. She chose to sit npon the carpet the whole evening, 
while we all sat upon the chairs. Her Royal Highness was 
dressed in tbe lace dress which, I think, she wore at Frogroore 
ilfete — ^pearl necklace, bracelets, and arm-bands, a pearl bandeau 
loaud her head, and a long lace veil. When supper was announc- 
ed, her Royal Highness went and took the bead of the table, and 
eat an amazing supper of chicken and potted lamprey, which she 
woold have served to her on tbe saioe plate, and eat them toge- 
ther. After the supper she called the attention of the party to 
my good looks, and saying I was as lively and espiegle as ever ; 
said, that I bad such sharp eyes, I (bund her out in every thing, 
adding, Ob! she found roe out one day in such a thing when I 
was at loncheop, and gave me a look which was so expressive, 
that I was sure she knew. This speech, which she, between 
herself and me, was algebra to ^be parly. I did not know what 
to do, but I saw the secret cost her dear to keep, and she was 
ready to betray it to any one she met, by the strange things she 
said and did : I laughed and said, if my eyes have been too ob- 
serving I am sorry, I never intended them to be ; I cannot be 
quite so polite as to say> " if my sight offends I will put it out," 
because I tbink» with Sheridan, that tbe prejudice is strongly in 
favour of two ; but depend upon it, at all future luncheons I will . 
do nothing but eat. She was in great spirits, staid until two 
o'clock in tbe morning, and then, attended hy Miss Cbolmondeley 
and tlie Fitzgeralds, went home. Her Royal Higbness's civilities 
continued ; she desired me constantly to bring my children to 
Montague House, and also the infant : and when I woold have 
retired to have suckled it, she would not suffer me, but commanded 
■• to do it in the drawing*room where she was; and she came 



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184 

vith ber UdM Ttsituig mc both norDingB tnd ereiNiigi^ aoi 
Buning^ liltle Caroline for hoars together. I saw oov the Priiwese 
had told Mrs. Sander, who, I believe, was a very ^aiet good kind 
of woman, and her countenance was full of concern aiid anxialy. 
She appeared desirous of speaking to me, and was anowjally ab- 
seqaious ; bat tlie Princess always watched ns both close ; if i^* 
der came into a room, and 1 went towards her, Uie Princess came 
close, or sent one or another away, so that I could nerer apeak 
to her. The Princess had now quarrelled with Snr Sidney Smith, 
to whom she had been so partial, and to every part of whose 
family she had been so kind, telling us cofflrtantly that she liked 
them all, because old Mr. Smith had saved the Duke of Bruns- 
wick's life. As Sir John was Sir Sidney's friend, she therefore 
was shy of us all, and we saw little of tier— hot on the 80th of 
October I went to call upon her before I left Blackheath, and met 
her Roynl Highness just returned from church, walking before 
her own house with Mrs. Pttzgerald and her daughter, dressed in 
a long Spanish velvet cloak and an euormous muff, but which to- 
gether could not conceal the way she was in, for I saw directly 
she was very near lier time, and think I must have seen it if I 
bad not known her situation. She appeared morose* and talked 
a little, but did not ask to go in, and sfter taking a few toma 
returned home. In about a fortnight we received a note, the 
Princess requesting neither Sir John or I to go to Montagu^ 
House, as her servants were afraid some of the children she had 
taken had the measles, and if any infection remained about the 
house, we might carry it to our child. We wrote a note expres- 
sive of our tbauks for her obliging precautions, and that we would 
not go to Montague House, until we had the hononr of receiving 
her Royal Highnesses commands. The Princess never sent for 
us, and when I left my card before I went to pass Christmas in 
Gloucestershire, I was not admitted : so that / never saw her 
after the 13//** ef October ; but I heard the report of her having 
adopted an infant, and Miss Fitzgerald told it me as she rode past 
my house, but would not come in, for fear she should bring the 
measles. Upon my return to Blackheath in Jannary, I called to 
pay my doty. I found .her packing a small black box, and an 
infant sleeping on a sofa, with a piece of scarlet cloth thrown 

* JOth. 



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185 

oter lU She appeared coiifased, and hesitated vhellier she 

sbonJd be rade or kind, but recovering; herself chose to be the 

latter ; said, she was ■ happy to see me, aud then taking me by 

tbe band led me to the sofa, and oncoTering the child, said. Here 

is thee little boy, I had him two days after I saw you last; is 

iMAitJi nice little child? the upper part of his face is very fiae. 

She was going to have said more, when Mrs. Fitzgerald opened 

the door Jind cane in. The Princess consalled what I had better 

have, what would be good for me. 1 declined any thing, bat 

she insisted, upon it 1 should have some soup, and said, my dear 

Fitzgerald^ pray go out and order some nice brown soup to be 

brongbt here for Lady Douglass. I saw from this the Princess 

wished to have spoken to me more fully, and Mrs. Fitzgerald 

saw it likewise, for instead of obeying, she rung the bell for the 

soan^ *^ ^^^^ ^^ down to tell me the whole fable of the child 

having been brought by a poor woman from Deptford, whose 

husband had left her,' that Mr. Stikeman the page, had the 

honour of bringing it in, that it was a poor little ilMooking thing 

when first brought, bat now, with such great care, was growing 

Tecy pretty, and that as her Royal Highness was so good, and 

had taken the twins (w)iose father would not let them remain) 

and taken this, all the poor people would be bringing children. 

The Princess now took the child up, and I was entertained the 

whole, morning by seeing it fed, and every service of every kind 

performed /or it by her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales* 

Mrs. Fitzgerald aired the napkins, and the Princess put them on; 

and from this time the drawing-rooms at Montague House, were 

literally iu the style of a common nursery. The tables were 

eovered with spoons, plates, feeding-boats, and clothes, round th6 

lire; napkins were hung to air, and the marble hearths wen 

strewed with napkins which were taken from the child; for^ 

very extraordinary to relate, this was a part of the ceremony 

her Royal Highness was particularly tenacious of always 

perfarmiug herseff'y let the company be who they might. At 

first tite child slept with her she told me, but it made her nervous, 

and therefore a nurse was hired to assist in taking charge of it, 

and for him to sleep with. The Princess said one day to me as 

she was nursing him, he had a little milk for two or three days, 

but it did not do, so we bring* him up by hand with all kind of 

nouriabing things, and you see how Well he thrives; so that I 

8. ,2a 



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fitzWy always rtr(i^|MMed she htii atbtnpted t6 mdUe ft. AnoHier 
ttlire she shewed me his htnd, irfrich htis a f^hik Ma^k upon ft, aM 
ifaid, it was very shtgular both &ur children 8h<m1d be taM^kcd, 
and she thATijfht her MkTs came frolto ber flati&g tome %itte 
thrAwn on herliand, for she did not look mueh ki Kttle Cai^>Hiie^» 
mark. The Priticess now adt)|>ted a tiear mede of fntlthij^ its t6 
see her. She would invite either Sir John, w I, Init taeter bdfih 
tD(>:ether as formerly. I conefoded from ihi$, that ak tittt finrtd H 
io difficult to keep even her own ttcret, she tiirM ill iknagifte I 
had been able Io keep hers, and therefore tandefr the impMsfott 
ihat by thai time I mast have told Sir John, dtd not Irke to neet 
both our eyes ; and if she saw Sir John withottt me, eonld better 
judge by his looks and manner whether I had ditafg'ed dr not. I 
conclode she was at length satisfied t had not: for We were one 
morning both invited again in the former manner, to a breaklist, 
and as it was a very curiously arranged party, t will put down 
the names, for to the person who is to peruse this detail, ft wffl 
confirm the idea that her Royal Highness cannot always know 
correctly what she is about. When we entered, the Prhicess wa» 
sitting upon the sofa, etegarttiy dressed, in a white and silver 
drapery, ^lich covered her head and feli all over her person, and 
she had her little boy upon her knee elegantly dressed likewise. 
The guests Were, her tloyal Highneas Princess Charlotte df 
Wales, with Miss Hunt, her Coverneaa, Captain Hanby, of the 
Navy, Mr. Spencer Smith, the Fittgeraldji, and ourseWes. > She 
got itp and nursed the child, ^iid carrying it to Sir John, amid, 
** Here, Sir John, this ia the Deptford boy, I suppose yrtu bate 
heard t have taken a little chTtd.^' Sir Jelin only said, Yes, be 
had, and it seemed a ^ae baby. 9he i^eeMed fileased and satirfeA 
that I had not told bim, and theh sat ^Wh \o taUe, potting ii 
chair for Princess Charlotte on Yter Hghthand, takifrg ftie by tbe 
band and potting me dta her \^X hand, told €h!ptain Mtioby to 
aft at the top, nnd Mr. Speifeer SmiMi at Hie bottom, and Sfr 
John and the Fit2geralds faced us. ^rincett Charlotte bad ^ 
plain dinner prepared fbr ber hi another it^mif'aceorilitog to euatoin, 
and came in when our desert "inA "placid, wbeu if^ aH sat down 
again as we were sitting, ysxcept Mite fittnt, Mo was nerer 
ordered to sit, but «t<fod a fsw yards from PHaeeaa Charlotte. 
About <five o'clock lifer Royal RiglMieaie role from t«ble, tbift 
little boy was brotrgfat hi again, Pk-incess Cbariolte played iritb 



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187 

iXf vAfb^. PH|^^«M.<>f W«)et wisbfkl M of us a good rnqniing, 
f^ we htolk^ Mp« {9^\\y at a Iqm to conceive what amusement U 
4Mpl4 be tp CQU«ct tts together. This lireakfast was a kind of 
Jkafe* Ve had very little intercourse Her Royal Highness 
WOidd vaMf past our house, for the express pqrpose of shew ins^ 
9lie did JOff^ i|i<i%n to come in, aud when we did see her she always . 
9t»fft^ Sir 9i4l9.ey Smith. Oft^ said, she wondered I liked tp 
)|iire a^ ^oish 9^ dwU plac^ as Blackheatb, ani) in shor(, gavf| os 
lu^ ir« could «ot iQisunderstand^ thai, s^e wan^ us away. At • 
^1^1 t|Uae Sir John received a letter frooi his division^ expressive 
of the (fefi^ml's wM^ that he would go to Plymooth, an^ therefor^ 
{withpv^ ai) Admiralty Order) he determined t^o to emancipate 
#ip|riielves froo( the Prin^j^s of Wales, and as ^oon as we could 
ffispese of the ^raitiar^j I followed hiiy, leaving the house empty^ 
which iri^ ofrs tbi^j^ months after I quitted i^. The ^y Sir 
Joho was to s^t of, the Prlucess Y^ikei to th,e hopse, and thoiic:!^ 
bis truoHs were in the rpoiy, and he wa^ occupied, woi^ld hav^ 
^jm sit d«wn and iall^ to h^r^ overpowering him and myself novf 
nitb j^i^duoflis, and said, she could eat some^iiug. She did so^ 
sl^ foi^r houcs in the ^ouse, and ft parting took Sir John by 
both hands, wish^ him every good wish, ^iid b^ged him always 
fq recollect how happy she should be lo see bim again, an<jl tha^t 
fhc WQold be veryi kind to me in 9Us ahsenpe; however, after he 
iras gonci she nev^r came near me^ or offer^ n\e any kind of 
civility whatsoever. When I was upon Vhe eve of departure, 
I dtUed upop her a.ipd tooV her ged-da^ghter a^d ray pther little 
girl with me. Sh^ w^s almost uncivil^ epd paid little or no atr 
tentio^ if 1 spq^e. I said the children w^re with m^, b^t she 
4id not answer, i^pd after freaking four or fiTe hoqrs very un- 
pleilliantly, suffering all t,l\e ^np);^ftsaut feeling of being ^h^re I 
bad be^n carted a^id idolifedi I begged permission at ^st to go 
Ikway. When I wei^t oolj, to fdj surprise, I found the fhildrei^ 
bad been kept iu t\ie fj^w^ffe nefur t^e frpi^t ^por, with the door 
open ta Blac^heath^ in fi Dec^ v>b^ d9:y> v(ith A»i}r opposite doors 
opened an^ shut fipon th^m, instead of toeing taken to tl^e house- 
keeper's room, as tl^ey always h|id be^. l^y iqajd had ^t length 
b^ged the iqotn\an to go to a fire, as the children cried dreadfully, 
f^nd were very cold.*^ 1 understand the man wafi n footman, of the 
name of Gaskii), 1 think, apd h\s ai^swer was, if the children are 
<;old, jon c;m ppt tb^m back into the farrii^^, and wfu'in them. 

2JL2 \ 



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I took them home immediately, and was inclined to retam and 
ask why they had been thus all of a sudden treated with this 
brutality and impertinence, and which was doubly cruel in Bir 
John's absence; but I deferred goiug until I meant to take my. 
final leave, which I did on the following Sunday. Doctor Bur- 
naby was standing in the hall with every thing prepared for the 
Princess to receive the sacrament I was ushered thrbugh not- 
withstanding^ and the footmen seemed to ^o to and fro as mock 
at their ease, as if no such thing was preparing. 8he was standing 
in the drawing-room, and received me with Mrs. Lisle and Mrs; 
Fitzgerald. I said I should have been gone before, bad it been in 
. my power, and m compliance with her commands, had come to 
take my leave. She did not ask me to sit down, but said — God 
bless you ; good bye. I then said, I was much conoenDed I had 
brought my little girls a few days past, and that I should never 
have done so, but from her Royal Htghness's repeated desire: 
She said, she was sorry ; and asked who used them so. I told 
her, one of her livery servants, and Sir John would noK like to 
bear of it Her Royal Highness said, stop a moment; flew past 
me through the hall where Doctor Burnaby stood waiting for her» 
and returned with a white-paper box, pushing it into my hand — 
God bless you, my dear Lady Douglas. I said I wished to decline 
taking any thing, that my object in coming there was to offer her 
my duty, and tell her how ill my children had been used. I 
could not conceive how any footman could use the freedom of 
treating Sir John's children so, unless he bad been .desired. 
She only answered, " Oh ! no, indeed : good bye.'* I at- 
tempted to put the box into her hands, saying I had rather not 
have it; but she dropt her hands and turned away. I therefore 
wished Mrs. Lisle and Miss Fitzgerald good mornings and went 
away. Dr. Burnaby spoke to me as I passed him, and, looking 
back, I saw her Royal Highnesses head ; she was looking out 
after me, to see if she had fairly got rid of me, and laughing 
immoderately at Dr. Burnaby in his gown, I quitted her house, 
resolved never to re-enter it but for forms-sike, and wrote her 
word, that as I had long been treated rudely, and my children, 
whom she courted to her house, were now insulted there, I felt a 
dislike to accept of a present thrown at me, as it were, under such 
unpleasant circumstances; that I had not untied the box, and re- 
quested she would permit me to return it: and that as I was an 



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189 

English gentlewQinan, and defied her to say sh^ had ever seem 
a single inipropriely in my condact, I would never suffer myself 
to be ill used withoiil a clear explanation.- The Princess wrote, 
baek a most haaghty imperious reply, desiring me to keep tha 
box, styled herself Princess of Wales in almost every line/ and 
insulted me to such a degree, that I returned an answer tuiHSting 
upon her explaining herself. This she returned unopened, saying, 
she would; not open my second letter, and had therefore sent it 
to me to put in the fire, and that she was ready to put the matter 
in 'oblivion, as she desired me to do, wished mo* and my dear 
little children well, and should at all times be glad to see her 
former neighbour. I did as she desired, and went away at 
Christmas without ever seeing or hearing more of her Royal 
Highness, and found in the paper box a gold necklace, with a 
'medallion suspended from it of a mock. 

Thus ended my intercourse, for the present, with the Princess 
of Wales, and the year 1803. 

When we resided in Devonshire, seeing by the papers that her 
Royal Highness was ill, we sent a note of inquiry to the lady in 
waiting, which was answered very politely, and even in a friendly 
manner by her Royal Highnesses orders. Upon the arrival of the 
Duke of Sussex from abroad. Sir John returned to town to attend 
him, and when we drove to Blackheath to see our friends, I left 
my card for her Royal Highness, who was visiting Mr. Canning;, 
the moment she returned home she commanded Mrs. Vernon to 
send me word never to repeat my visits to Blackheath. I gave 
Sir John the note, and must confess, accustomed as f had been 
to her haughty overbearing caprice, yet this exceeded my belief 
of what she was capable of, being so inconsistent with her two 
last letters ; but the fact was, she thought we were gone above 
200 miles from her, and should be there for many years, and she 
never calculated upon the return of his Royal Highness the Duke 
of Sussex, havin^^ very often told me his Royal Highness would 
never live in England, in his Majesty's life- time ; and she was 
certain of that, and had reasons for knowing it ; and Sir John 
would never have him here. I suppose she had taken this into 
her head, because she wished it; and, therefore, the return of hia 
Royal Highness was a mortal death-blow to all her hopes on this 
score ; and when she found that his Royal Highness was not only 
retonied, but that Sir John was in attendance, and that his Royal 



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Htgf)|i«» WM »• €$s\U^ Hoim, vdflrf Sir John aigbt mh V^ 
h»v« Mi^ liavoiur of Ming i9a4« known U) M«e Priace qf W9ile«» h<^ 
ff^t and rw got the M^r of €v^y prvd«i»t oonaiden^tioo. bjU 
•ho ooaimDdod Mr«. Venum to cJinquM m« i^ ) have Q)i£nUoi\ed. 
Bad the f^riH^ew qi W^les viilteq ta me kef«elf, and told mf^ 
ia a«vil m^oDor, ^M «h« would Itiaak me to keep aw^y, { sbopl^ 
liaTO atqi»»itttoA b^j Ui^t I wii^bod &ud desired to do sp^ and bad 
only aallod for Ibe aako oC fppeeniMKMu ap4 tbere tbe ip^Uer wpuld 
bate ended ( uolaaa } M e? er beau e^led open (a9 1 am ppw) br 
Ina Majesty, or |be Heir Apparent Jn tht^ c^u, as in tbis^ 1 
ahMiU have m^de it my furred duty to ba^e foewered, <|8 qpp9 
aiy eatb; bat tbe eiroumallipce pf beiii$ 4riv<»q out of her bpuae 
by tbe handa of tbo tody io wwliog. a# if } b»d deserved it, and 
aa if I woro p. c«lprit« wap womiding one with a poisoned arrow, 
which left tbe wound to fester after it had. torn aud stabbed me; 
it was a refinement ip iu«qlt, for the princess had always been 
in the habit oC writing to me herself ^ and had commanded m« 
iMiVfr to bold intcrcoarse witJi ber through her ladies^ hut ahotofs 
direetly to hersejf ; and sp particplar were ber directions a^d 
permission appa thie bead, that she told me never \o put m^ 
letters wider cover, but alway9 direct them tp herself. I felt so 
maerable, tbitt Mr^. Vernon, tp whom I was known, and for 
whom 8ir John »pd myself had sn esteem, should think ill of rac^ 
$mi I therefore wrote to the Princess, spying, " From the moment 
abe judged proper to come into my family, I had p|ways cop- 
doeted myself towerds bar Rpyal Highneps with the respect her 
bigb station demiiodedi and that when she A^rc^d l|er secrelf 
wpoB m«, I had (whatsoever my sentiments were] kept them mos( 
iKPPPprpbiy ibr ber, pever yet having even told Sir Johq, although 
Jgavebim my ^U confidenioe ip all other things; npr bad I even^ 
under my present aggravptiop, imparted it, pr pioant ;— that %fter 
s«»pli generous ccpduct pn my part, I was at a loss to conceive 
what she proposed to hersfff by persecpticig me ; that I wps 
aflieted at being so pipped in the ppinipn o( a good wopi^n, like 
Nrs, Yei non, and who WM free to say what slie pleased upon the 
imtuo^ «wy p)iMrf ; ^at it was half as bad tp be timghi i*l of 
Aa to deserve it; and that I woald wait upon Mrs. Vernon, pnd 
detail to ber p circumptpntial account of every thing which ha4 
#pc«rrpd since I bad k^own bpr Royal Highness ; apd I would 
9»VfMt my bimbapd mi i^mily with the aaioe, aad leave ^h^9^ 



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and tli^ i^U of my fKetodli, to juig^ bftlwixl ber Roy&I Hi^eH 
and myvelf; that I wonld iiotKe under ab ttlpBtaUoii of having 
done wtfmg; atid 1 took my leitto of hor Royal Hitthneai /or 
MV-, ooly fiM iregmttiog I had ever kooarn hor, aod tbatikfut to 
be eViNiiici|«led ftom Montagoe Boaae, and that ahe owed it to 
nro tb faoTO, atleiat, dfamiatwl no In a civil manaor, by her omi 
kandt" Thta letter hotr Royal Highneaa retnmcd aooponed; 
bot» (\nfm tta appearance, I had atrong reaaon to believe ahe had 
read ft I waa reaolved, 'however, if ahe had net, ahe ahooM bo 
taoght better, aa ahe oii|rht not treot any other peraoa ao ill aa 
ahe had me, and my mind waa bent open apeaking to Mra. 
Temon; t was nearly certain, if I wrote to Mrs. Teruon, tho 
Priiieeaa wonld make her aend my letter back, aod tliereTore I 
wrote M ra. Fitzgerald nearly a copy of what I sent her Royal 
Highneiai, and called upon ket, aa ahe had been alwaya preaent^ 
to tay, if the ever taw any thing in my behaviour to justify any 
ndoneaa towards me; that I waa prechely what the.Princeaa 
foond me^ when the PrhiCesa walked up io.ker knees tn snow to 
gtUt my dcquatntanee, and precisely tke same itaUtiduai wliom 
she had thought Worthy of the strongest proofs of her fHendship, 
ODd whose lyhig-iu i^ hkd attended in so particular a manner, 
kad had Ihooght worthy of shedding tears over ; that her Royal 
■ighneaa had thought proper to confide in mo a aecret of very 
Sefiims rmportance to herself; and I would not, aftei* acting in tho 
noathottoorable manner to her, be dismissed by a lady in waiting ; 
ami I meant to be at Montague Hovae, and have a satisikctory con- 
versation with Mrs. Verrron ; and thereforo ahe would be so ^oo^ 
tt acquaint her Royal Highness irith the contents of my letter, 
sMr lay it before her Royal Highness. Mrs. Fitzgerald sent bact 
k couftnied note, saying, she could not show the Princess my 
htter, amioia she irtfs caHed npoo ; and when she opeued it trer 
disappointment was great, for she expected to have found respect- 
frt ioqmries alter her Royal Highnesa's finger (which was hurt 
Irhen ahe went to ace Mr. Canning), and that I might make my 
mind easy, aa ladiea in waiting never repeated any thing; and 
ahe waa astonished I had thrown out such « hint A day or two 
after a note was sent to Sir John, as if nothing had happened, 
requesting him to go to Montagne House. The servant who 
uiuugui r» UTUTO Rin* t crnoii nvni omcKoeaxn uuuu ^o •■«•■ ttwv 
house Ml towii» and I have no doubt it will be found (if inquiry 



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192 

be mad^) that Mrs. Vernon was put prenatarely oat of her 
waiting, le^t I sliould explain with her. Sir John obeyed her 
Royal Hi.Khness'»«8itminon«» and, ahe received him in. the moat 
gracious pipaaant manner, taking ' aa much paina to pleai|e and 
flatter him now aa ahe had formerly done by me, and began a 
conversation with him relating to a General Innes, of the Marines, 
whom the Admiralty thoogbt proper, with many olhersy to put 
upon the retired list ; she expreat an ardent deaire to get that 
officer reinstated, and conauUed Sir John, aa belonging to the 
«ame corps, how ahe could accomplish auch an undertaking. Sir 
John listened to her attentively, and made her short and very 
polite answers, acquainting her no auch thing was ever done. She 
then said she must ^peak to Lord Melville about it, aa it was a 
hard case. The luncheon was then announced, and she ordered 
Sir John to attend herself and the ladies. Sir John found Mra. 
Vernon was sent off, and a lady was there whom he did not know, 
but thought was Lady Carnarvon. When they were all seated 
Sir John remained oh his legs, and she looked anxiously at hiro» 
and said, " my dear Sir Johii, sit down and eat.'^ iJe bowed, 
with distant respect, and said, he could not cat; that he was 
desirous of returning to town; and if her Royal Highness had 
no further business \«ith him, he would beg leave to go. The 
Princess looked quite disconcerted, and said. What not eat any 
tiling, not sit down; pray take a glass of wine then. He bowed 
again as before, and repeated that he could neither eat nor drink. 
W*ell then, she said, " Come agqin t-oon, my dear Sir John ; 
always glad to see you," Sir John made no reply, bowed and 
left the room. I now received by the twopenny post, a long 
anonymous letter, written, by this resllens mischievous persoQ^ 
the Princess of Wales, in which, in language which any one who 
had ever heard her speak, would have known to be hers, she 
called me all kind of names, impudent, sUli/, wretched^ ungrate^ 
ful, and illiteial (meaning illiterate], she tells me to take thai, 
and it will mend m\ ill temper, &c. &c. &c- and says, she is a 
person high in tlsis government, and has often an oppprtunity of* 
freely with his Majesty, and she thinks my conduct authorizes 
her to tell liim oi£, and that she is my only true and integer friend. 
Such is the spirit, of this foreigner, which would have disgraced 

* bo in the au then tic j&lcd copy ; some words seem omitted. 

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a booie-inaid to have wriHen, and it enelows a hbnc$!UA aooay* 
nous tetter, which she pretends to have received, and opon 
which abe built her doobts and disapprobation of me, as it advises 
her not to tmst me, for i am indiscreet, and tell every body that 
the child she took from Deptford, was her own. The whole con- 
gtmction of both these epistles, from beginning to end, are evi«* 
dently that of a foreigner, and a very ignorant one, and the 
Talgarity of it is altogether qnite shocking. In one part she ex« 
dairos that she did not think that I should have had the tmpti- 
dence to come on her door again, and tells me, His for my being 
indiscreet and not having aliowed her to call me a liar, that she 
treats me thus, and that I wonld do well to remember the story 
of Henry the FAghth's Queen and Lady Douglas. I was in- 
stantly satisfied it was from her Royal Highness the Princess of 
Wales, and that Mrs, Fitzgerald had shown her my letter, and 
this was her answer to it. I immediately carried it to Sir John 
Douglas, who said he was sure it came from the Princess, and be 
ahewed it to Sir Sidney Smith, who said, every word and expres- 
sion in it were those which the Princess of Wales constantly used^ 
Sir John desired me now to give him a full explanation of what 
ber Royal Highness the Princess of Wales had confided to me, 
and whether I had ever mentioned it I gave him my solemn word 
of honour it had never passed my lips, and I was only now going 
to utter it at his positive desire. That her Royal Highness the 
Princess of Wales told me she was with child, and that it came 
to life at Lady Willoughby's,. that if she was discovered she 
-would giTe the Prince of Wales the credit, for she slept at Carl- 
.ton House twice the year she was pregnant ; that she often spoke 
of her situation, compared herself and me to Mary and Elizabeth, 
and told me when she shewed me the child, that it was tiie little 
6oy she had two days after I last saw her, that was the aOth of 
October; therefore her son was born ou the 1st of November, and 
I take a retrospect view of things after I knew the day of his 
birth, and found her Royal Highness most have gone down stairs 
and dined with all the Chancellors about the fourtli day after she 
was delivered, with the intention, if discovered, of having them 
all to say they dined with her in perfect health so early in Novem- 
ber, that it could not be. Sir John recollected all her whims, and ^ 
went over her whole conduct, and he firmly believes ber to be 
the mother of thf reputed Dtptford cldldi, I then acquainted 
9. 2B 



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hin of tLe fiaiM the had taken to «stmige my miud ttwd atfedion 
from lum, aoil bo law her pnnuii of now changing aides, «id 
ondeavouring to estrange him from me, lest, if we liTed in a imfpy 
niate of confidence, I might make known her sitnaiion to him ; 
and we agreed that as we had no meapm of commnnicatang at pie- 
•eat with his Majesty, or the Heir Apparent, we most wnit por 
iiently until caliod vpon to bring foFwvd her ooaduot, as Hmn 
seemed little doubt we should one dgy be. Finding that Sir Jolin 
Donglas did not choose to visit where his wife was discarded mud 
hurt in the estimation of her ac4|«ai«itan«e, her fury became an 
wabonnded, ihat sJie sought whsA she couU do most atnociias^ 
wicked, and inhiMuan, she reached her ^ it wonld seem, Ihat 

the raaolt wm, sbs made two drawings with a pen and ink^ and 
sent them to ns by the twopenny post» representing me as having 
disgraced myself wiib his eld friend Sir Sidney Smith. They 
nre of the most iudeeent natnn, drawn witii her own hand, and 
words upon them in her own handwviting. Sir John, Sir Sidney, 
and myself, can aJI swear point Mank without a moment's hesi« 
tatidi ; and if her Ro^al Highness is a subject and amenable to 
the Jaws of this counlry (and I eoncoive her to be so) she ought 
^ be tried amd judged by those laws for doing thus, to thjrow fire* 
brands into the bosom of a quiet fcmily. My bashand with thai 
oool good sense which has ever maiiced his chasacter, and with a 
belief in my imiocence which nothing but facts can stagiger, (far 
it is founded upon my having been lu thUal to him nine yeaiv 
beibre we were married, and seYen years since,) as weU as his 
long acqiinintanoe with Sir Sidney Smitli^s chancter and disp^i^ 
sition, and haviug seen the Princess of Wales's loose and vicioop 
character,' put the letters in iiis pocket, and went instantly to 
Sir Sidney Smith. Sir Sidney was as mooh asAonidHfd as we 
had been. Sir John tlien told him, he put the qneation to lump 
and expected an answer such as ea officer and a gentlemA^ ought 
to gtve to his friend : Sir Sidney Smith gSJ^e Sir John his hayd, 
as his old friend and companion, and assnred km m Vbte moat 
solemn manner as an officer and a gentleman, that the whole was 
the most audacious and wicked calumny ; and bo would swear tp 
its being the handwriting of the Princbss of Wales ; and tiiat he 
believed Lady Douglas to be the same virtuous domestic wom^n 

■»■ — ■ ■ f. ♦ I ' 

« A blank io t4ie authenticated copy. 

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196 

ht tlunilrht ber wbch Sir John first made him known to her. Sir 
-fin^ciy »M«il, " I never said a word to yoUr M\f^, hot wbal you 
migM liavd heanl ; and Itad I been so basb to to attempt any 
tfcingof tile kind under folir roof, I should deservd for yon to 
ftbobi me like a mid dog. I am ready to go with Lady Doagla^ 
dnd yonrself, and let us ask her what she means by it ; and confront 
k^r/* Accordingly Sir Jdhn wrote a note to the lady in waNiug, 
wbieft ^r» to this effect : '* Sir John and Lady Douglas^ and Sir 
Sidney 6mith, pntoent their compliments to the lady in wilittng, 
'md request 6he will have the goodndss to say to her RoyalHigb- 
neM the Priwcess of Wales, that tbey are destiroos of haviug ati 
audieMO of ber Ro^al Highness immediately." .We received ne 
l^DOWer to this ndte t but, tn a few days, an answer was sent to 
Str Sidney Smith, stating, that hef Royal Highness the Princess 
of Wales waa much indisposed, and cooM not see any one at pre- 
sent. TIhs ^m di^^cted to Sir Sidney Smith at our house> al- 
tbengh be dM i»t live tbere* Thin was an ncltbowledgmeut of 
liergalh! sbe edold not face ui; it was satisfeebry to os all, 
for it safd^I am lAfe aulhsti let me off; but to make one's satie- 
lkctk>o opoe ibis Ibe mere per^t, aifd to warn lier of the danger 
•berans of diacovery, wheh she did anob flagrant thrdgs, I wrste 
tbe voder^f riteen dote, And pot it ihto the post-ofiloe, dtreeted lo 
herself: 

«« ilasaw, 

^ I received yOmr former anonymous leMer sale ; also your two 
knt, witb drawings. 

** I am, Madam, 

" Yoor obedient servant, 
(Sigwed) .•* CHARLOTTR DOUGLAS/' 

It appears evi<1ent that her lloyal Highness received this safe, 
and felt how she had committed herself; for, in^ftad of returning 
it in the old style, dhe sent for his Royal Highness the Duke of 
Kent, and requested him to send for Sir Sidney, and by the post 
Sir Sidney received an anortymous letter, saying, the writer of 
that wished for no civil dissensions, and that there seldom was a 
difference where, if the parties wished H, they could not arrange 
matters. Sir Sidney brought this curious letter to shew Sir 
John, and we were all satisfied it was IVom her Royal Highness, 

2b2 



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.mh(i, Mnklttg ftir Sidney snd Sir John might, by this timei h^ 
•enttiHg each other's throats, sent vetf graciously to stop them : 
in short, she called them civH dissmuians. His Royal High* 
•ness the Duke of Kent, being employed to negotiate, sent for 
Sir Sidney Smith, and acqnainted him, thai he was desired by 
her Royal Highness lo say, that she woald see Sir Sidney Smith 
in the coarse of a few days/ provided, when he came to her, he 
-avoided all disagt-epable discassions whatever. His Royal fligh- 
tless the Duke of Kent then songht from Sir Sidney an explana- 

' 4ioii of the nrelter. Sir Sidney Smith then gave the Dnke of 
Kent a full detail of oircatestances, and ended by saying, '' We 
all could, and would, swear the drawings and woids contained in 
those covers were written by the Princess of Wales ; for, as if she 
were folly to convict herself, she had sealed one of the covers with 
the idea Heal seal she had used upon the cover, when she sum- 
inoned Sir Jolm tb luncheon at Montague House." His Royal 
Highness the Duke of Kent, finding what a scrape she had en- 
tangled herself in, exclaimed " Abominable ! foolish to be snre^: 
but. Sir Sidney Smith, as this matter* if it makes a noise, may 
distfess his Majesty and be injurious to his health, I wish Sir John 
•and Lady Douglas would (at least for the present) try to forget it : 
and if my making them a visit would be agreeable, ^aad soothe 
their minds, I will go with all my heart, though I am not yet ^ 
acquainted with them, and I will speak fully to the Princess of , 
Wales, and {Joint out to her the danger of doing soch things ; 
but, at all events, it would be very injurious to his Majesty's 
health, if it came to his ears just uow/' Sir Sidney Smith came 

* from his Royal Highness the Duke of Kent to us, and delivered 
his Royal Highness's message. Sir John declined all negotia- 
tion : but told Sir Sidney Smith, that he was empowered to any 
to the Duke of Kent from him, that of whatsoever extent he 
might.* his injuries, and however anxious he might 

be to seek justice, yet when he received such ah intimation from 
one of the Royal Family, hu would certainly pause before he took 
any of those measures be meant to take ; and if that was the case^ 
and his Royal Highness the Duke of Kent was desiyus of hia 
b^ing quiet, lest his Majesty's health or peace might be disturbed 
by it, his duty, and his attachment to his sovereign were so sin- 

* So in the authenticated copy. 



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197 

•0re» tbil he.iriNiM Iniry (for tht present) his private calamity^ 
Ibr the sake of ^ bw Majeaty^a repose and tbe public good ; bgt he 
)M(gged io be clearly underslood, that be did not mean to bind 
bimseif hereafter, but retterve to himself a full right of exposing 
the Princess of Waies, when he judged it might be done with 
greater effect, and when it was not likely to disturb the repose of 
this country. 

Sit' Sidney Smith told us that he had delivered Sir J[ohn's 
message verbatim, to the Duke of Kent; and, a short time after- 
wards^ his Royal Highness commanded Sir John and Sir Sidney 
to dtnw with him at Kensington Palace ; but the Duke of Kent 
did not speak to Sir John upon the subject, and the matter rested 
there, and would have slept for some time, had not the Princess 
of Walea recommenced a fresh torrent of outrage against Sir 
John ; and had he not discovered, that she was attempting to un- 
dermine his and Lady Douglas's character. Sir John, therefore, 
was compelled to communicate his situation to his Royal High- 
ness the Duke of Sussex, in order that he might acquaint the 
Royal Family of the manner the Princess of Wales was proceeding 
in, and to claim his Majesty^s and the Heir Apparent's protection. 
His Royal Highness .the Dake of Sussex, with that goodness and 
eonsidemtion Sir John expected from him, has informed his Royal 
Highness the Prince of Wales, who sent Sir John word, that 
" He desired to have a full detail of all that passed during tbeir 
acquaintance with her Royal Highness the Princess of. Wsles, 
and how they became known to her, it appearing to the Heir 
Apparent, from the representation of his Royal Highness the 
Dake of Sussex, that his Majesty's dearest interests, and those 
of this country, were very deeply involved in the question ; his 
Royal Highness the Prince of Wales has commanded them to be 
Tory circumstantial in their detail respecting all they may know 
felative to the child the Prince of Wales affected to adopt Sir 
John and Lady Douglas repeat, that being so called upon, they 
feel it their duty to detail whst they know, for the information of 
bis Msjesty and the Prince of Wales, and they have done so, as 
vpon oath, after having very seriously considered the matter, and 
are ready to authenticate whatever they have said, if it should 
be required, for his Majesty's further information, i have drawn 
«p this detail in the best manner I conid ; and fear, from my never 
baving before attempted a thing of -the kind, it will be full of 



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err^^, kwd being: ihUch M^gttbd4rom Writti^ ^it, fir^m Ihfl origfl- 
M, in eight aivtf Arty hottri, ^f tfa^ At«t« eoirUiMd lhfeM(b, I 
believe! they afe tortect ; I am rea^ 16 assort. In Ihe ttioal m^mm 
nakiner, litat 1 know them all t6 be true. 

(Signed) (iHARLOtrfe DOUGLAS. 

JOHN DOUGLAS. 

In the presence of 
AUGUSTUS JFREDERlCk. 

Greenwich Park^ Dec 3, 1665. 

Copies of all the t^apers alluded lo in this Deiarl are iii tbi 
bauds of bis Royal llii^hiless the iPrince of Wales. 

(Signed^ JOHN DOUGLAS. 

In the presence of 
AUGUStiJS FREDERICK. 
A true Copy, B, Blootnfieid, 
A true Copy, J. Becket. 
WkUehali, ^ih August, 1806. 

The length of this extraordinary '* Statemeni^ 
leaves me but little room for comment ; and if it 
were otherwise, all comments or animadversion* 
thereon would perhaps be somewhat premature till 
ire have taken some notice of the examinations 
that took place for the purpose of confirming this 
very circumstantial narrative of Lady Douglases. 
The reader^ however, ought previously to be in-^ 
formed, that these slanderous accusations agaiaat 
the Princess of Wales having reached her royal 
husband's ears, he forthwith directed that a full 
and a formal disclosure of the A^hole should be 
made, and committed to writings with a view of 
laying the same before the King. Having formed 
this determination several persons, two of whom 
were servants of ^ir John Donglas^ and otheri the 



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109 

fepraots of her Royal Higiweta, weM privetdy 
«SBmin€d by Mr. Lowten of the Teaiple. These 
several declarations^ thtt aahatanee of which shall 
shortly he laid before the reader, were aubseqiMntlj 
subcnitted to his Majesty, who, on the 20th of 
May, iSOB^ issued his warrant, directing^ Lord 
finskine, then lord high chancellor; Earl Bpencer, 
one of the principal ^cretaries of state ; Lord 
Greoville, first lord of (he treasury ; and Lord 
Ellenborongh, chief justice of the court of King's 
Beneh, to exassiBO upon oath such persons as they 
might think fit touching these serious and heavy 
oharges, and to Report to his Majesty the result 
of suoh examinations^ The .several depositions, 
conversalians, and examinations that were made, 
together with the Tery able and animated n^ 
monstrances and nefdies of her Royal Highness, 
and otiier exculpatory documents, form, altogether, 
including the report of the commissioners, and the 
notes and letters between the King aad the injured 
l^riocess on this subject, what was technically 
called Tiffis Delioata Invjsstioation ; l>ut 
which might, as our readers will perhaps: already 
have discovered, with far greater propriety, have 
heen denorainaled the Indelicate Investigation, 
fiuch, however, as it is, it ks the historian's duty 
to l^ it before the reader. We will now proCeci<|l 
miA the examinations, above alluded to, supposed 
to confinn the lengthy Statement just given. 

The names of the persons examined were IS'arah 
Lam^rt, and Wilii«mi Lampert, her husbsMsd: thes^ 



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200 

were Sir John Douglases servants ; but as no o^y 
of their examinations were transmitted with the 
other papers, nor any observations made on them 
in the Report of the Commissioners, it is not 
necessary to take any farther notice of them. 
William Cole, Robert Bidgood, SarsJi Bidgodd, 
and Frances Lloyd, were the other persons ex- 
amined ; and the following is the substance of what 
they declared : their depositions before the Com- 
missioners shall be noticed in the proper place : 

WiLUAM CoL£, in foar several examinations, 
respectively dated, January 11th, 14th, dOth, and 
Febuary 2dd, 1806, said, that he had been servant 
to the Prince of Wales twenty-one years; and 
went with the Princess on her marriage, and re»- 
mained till April 1802. The year before, he had 
reason to be dissatisfied with the conduct of the 
Princess; for he had seen Mr. Canning several 
times alone with her, for an hour or two together; 
and that the company took notice of it. This was 
in a room adjoining the drawing-room. In 1802 
he said that Sir Sidney Smith frequently came to 
dine and sup with the Princess, and their intiinacy 
became familiar: Sir Sidney, also, used to remain 
alone with the Princess for an hour or two after 
the ladies had left the room ; and one night in 
particular he saw a person wrapped up in a great 
coat go across the Park, meaning Greenwich 
Park, into the gate to the green-house; and he 
verify believed it was Sir Sidney* On another 
^ccaaiooy on taking some saodwiclies into the 



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201 

drawings-room, he found ^' the tady and gentleman/* 
for so he denominates her R^yal Highness, the 
Prmcess of Wales, and the galfant Sir Sidney 
Smith, sitting so clos^ together oh the sbfa, and in 
such a familiar posture, that he was very much 
alarmed, and made a start Back, at the sauie time 
giving a very significant look at ** the gentleman.*' 
Mr* Cole, it appears, was, about a fortnight after^ 
wards, dismissed from Montague House, and 
attributes his dismissal to this '« look'' of his at 
« the gentleman/* He farther confirms the in- 
timacy that subsisted between her Royal Higbhes* 
ttkd Lady Douglas; and then goes on to stote; 
that some time after he had left MoritagUe Hoass^ 
be made i visit there, and spoke to Fanny Lloyd, 
asking her *• how things went on amongst tiiem," 
Who replied, that there were " strange goings on ;"• 
that Sir Sidney was frequently t"hefe ; and thafc 
one day, when Mary Wilson soppoiKd the Frinice^ 
to be gone into the library, she went into tbe,b<ed<t 
room, where she found a man at breakfiwt with the 
Princess ; that there was ♦• a gredt to do" about it ; 
and that Mary Wilson was oworn to secrecy, and 
threatened to be turned aWay if sh6 divulged what 
she had seen. Cole, also, again saw Fanny Lloyd 
after the return of the Princess fr6m Southend; 
where she had been during the bathing season,' and 
asked her again, how « they hAd'gowe on,"" to 
which she replied that there Were " delightfel 
dohigB— always on ohip-boatd, or the CAptiin,'* 
WMiing Captain Manby, «'at their house." Cole 
9. 2 c 



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farther iaid» that Fwny Lloyd alM teU Hinf, tlut 
one evening when all were supposed to be ia bed, 
Mrs..Lisle met Captain Qliinby in the passage ^ but 
Kiade no alarm ; fpr be was constantly ia the 
bouse ; he also said, that Mrs. Sander kneir every 
tbiiigy and appeared to be in great distress oit 
ftiany occasions^ and bad said' to hiin» that the 
Frinces$( was ^n altered woman. . He concluded 
his first examination by stating^ that Mr* (now 
Sir Thomas) Lawrence^ the pain^^^was frequently 
at Montegue Hoqse painting the Princesses 
picture, and that he was, often alone, late at night, 
;virith her Royal Highness, and much suspicioa 
was entertained of him* 

. In his neiLt examination he stated that, he had 
been informed by Fanny Lloyd, who, it would 
seem, was a great favourite of his> that Mr. Hood, 
during the residence of the Princess of Wales^ at 
Catherington, near Portsmouth, in the summer of 
1805, used frequently .to ride out in a gig with the 
Princess, with a boy to attend them ; and moreover 
that ** they used to get out of the gig and walk 
into the wpod, leaving the boy to attend the horse 
and gig till their return ; and this happfshed fre- 
quently/* Cole, at this examination, said tlmt in 
the year 1802, he had heard a story of the Prin- 
ce's being with child ; but he could not say that 
be had formed an opinion that she was so ; though 
she grew lusty, and apfeared' large behind } and, 
at the latter, end of the year,t hei made an obser* 
vation, that the Pkincesff was grown thinner. He 

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SOS 

Ikywefer, eodltl tbrm no optniob about the child ; 
but liad aeen an old man and woman, (about 50 
yean of age) at Montagtie Rouse on a Sutrday, 
and had inquired who they were, when he' ^i\i 
anawerled by the servantsrin th^ baU, '' thM is 
Uttle Kliy's mother/' meaning the child Ihe Prin^ 
eeflB had taken, and * which was fonnd by Stike- 
ttan. Of thifl ^hihf the reader has already received 
Mme aoeeont in the foregoing sheetai 

In his thittfexamihationt Cole states tbat^ on the 
17tb of January, Whibt walkiiig, In compari^ with 
Mr. iStikeman, from 'JMackbea^h^ fo London, h^ 
asked irhetfaex* the ^< old tiaa and woman'' still 
came to see the child as usdaF; when Slikeman 
exclaimedr *^ old man and wotiian ! they afe not 
old : we have not seen tbein much lately ; they lire 
at Deptford/' 

Th« fourth and fast examipation referat prin^ 
efpally to the 'former story about <' a lady and 
g^tttteman sitting iclose together on u sofa;'* but 
adds that there was nothing particular m their 
dresa, position of legs o^ arras, that was extraor^i- 
dfaary. He repeats, siso, hns statenient about 
Lawrence the painter, mentioning two distinct 
nights in which he and the Princess, so late as 
twelve and one o'clock, had sat up together after 
the rest of the family w^re gone to bed, His 
examination terminates as folh>ws: '^ as to th^ 
observation made about ISir Sidney having a key 
at every door about the gafddns, it was a gardener 
who was eompMniBg of the doer of the greenf 

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804 

hcmse being left opeiii and the plants dawigacli 
and who made the saioe to Mr« Lamport, th4 
servant of Sir John Dougluc, and wtiicb he 
mentioned at Cheltenham to Sir John find Mr^ 
Lowten. Lampert naid he shauld k,tiow the 
gardener again." Thus ends this coofiroiatory 
statement of William Cole« 

Robert Bidgood, whose exanpinatioo is 
dated '' Temple, 4th of Aprils 1806/* said, he ha4 
lived with the Prince nearly twejfity^tfanee y/Sfrs, 
und with the Princess since March *2J» 1798u Hi0 
testimony was deemed of great importance j I 
fhall, their^forey go into it somawbat sit length. 
They were, he said, at Qlad^heai^, duri^ig the 
whole of the year 190?, in w^ach year l^^ady 
Douglas went to resiijlo at th^ Tower i^i Mo^tagiie 
House, where she stayed about three Wfeekn ; Hod 
during which Sir ^jdji^ey Smith yspd /I'^qfie^itly 
^ go to the house, and remain till thr^^if Qf.foat 
p*dock in the morning. He had seeo ^ 9^fi§f 
in the hiue room, as early as ten o'clock pn tlil9 
morning;, but^^ould not tell whether hp had erev 
remained alone till three or four o'cl<;ck .in tbit 
morning, as there were other ladies .besides thf 
Princess in the house. 

Daring the year 1803 th» Princess used fre* 
qoently to ride out in her phaeton, attenide^ hy 
Mrs. Fitzgerald, aJad jtook out cold i^^at, and went 
towards Dartford, wh^re she spent th^ day, and 
retocf^ed about six or seven, in the evening. On 
these ocqasiops, Williams^ the coadlpw^ni alwayi» 



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906 

fitten40d tlie Pnoeew. Sli^ wedf slw, AreqwnU) 
to g-p to jLady DooglM*s hoo8e» where Sir Sid^j^ 
(beo resided ; but at the end of ib« year auiisQiider^ 
atandkig took place between tbeae two )a4ieft } bxm^ 
k^ Qoe day saw X^idy Douglas in tears, ^jid 
obsenred that she was not ftfterwards visited ki 
tim Prioeess. Bidgood fartb^ stated, that i)is 
wife had lately told bim, that Fanny Lloyd toW 
ber, that Bf ary Wilson had stated to LIuyd, tJiafc 
me day wJiien she went into t|ie Princesses roomi 
sli^ found t^e Princess and Sir Sidney in ihe/aetf 
uni that she (Wilsop) ijpmediately left the room, 
and fainted at the door. 

In the winter of 180^^ i^t^d. jtl^e spring of. J803» 
^idgood stated^. tha^Ci^p^jn JHCaoby becsitne j^ 
yisi^r at Af OQ^gioe lioifjie ; his frigate bei^ then 
lying oqt at Deptford, On one occasiiop wliea 
Paptain Bf ^y was aboat to soiJ^ Bidgood waf 
talking into the ant^-ropnv^o let the Captain put { 
an^^as U(f i^ayed som^ tiin^» BidgA>od stated tba^ 
hp looked injto the room, and from 9. mirror on the 
^fif^fiiie side of the room tp where Captain Hdanby 
W^ the Princess stoqd^ he saw tkp Cajptain kiss 
th^ Pj^naess*s lipsj ai^d soon afterwards he li'ent 
away. He saw the Princess, with her handkerchief 
to her faqe, going ii^to the drawing-room, np- 
p^rently in tears. 

In the year 1804| Bidgood wa^i with the Princess 
%t S^ootheod, ip Esqe^. ^Sicaitl was constantly iVi 
the Jppkrout for the Africane, Cf^ptain l)falii;(}*'«i 
«hip, wbicjl) at length he descried ; and as soon a^ 



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206 

llie Captain landed, he visited the Prineen, tad 
tfterwards was fifequently at th6 hoose which her 
Royal Highness occapied. Bidgood farther stated, 
ttat from the circumstance of towels, water, and 
glasses, being placed in the passage he bad reason 
to believe that Manby sleptthere all night. 

In J 805, the Princess visited Hampshire; bat 
Bidgood was not then along with her. Aftei^ h# 
retnm to Blackheath, Captain, now Lord, Hood 
used to visit the Princess, and that without bitf 
wife. On these occasions they were frequently, 
titgether in the blue room, without any attendant 
or lady. 

Bidgood proceeds in his examination to state, 
that he had strong suspicions that Mrs. Sander 
vsed to deliver letters to Sicard, which he con^ 
eeived to be from the Princess to Captain Manby. 
He said, also, that Mrs. Sander, Mary Wilson, and 
Miss Mielfield most know all the cifcnmstances. 
This witness conclndes this examination by stating 
tha^ tliemother (^' as she was called*') of the little 
boy nsed freqnently to go to Montague Hoose, 
that her husband had worked at Deptford, but was 
tben^ discharged and was employed in Stikeman*s 
house in town. 

Sakah Bibgoob, the wife of Robert, confirm* 
ed the story about Fanny Lloyd's having told hev 
of ^rah WilsonV fainting on seeing Sir ISdney 
Smith afad the Princess '< in such an indecent 
Sftuatti<Ai ;" but it does not appear that any copy 
of her examination was transmitted with the otbei^ 



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• 907 

papemta.ibe commissioners; it-is, howerer, aUoded 
to in the. Princess's defenca^ and was, theiefore^ 
proper to be noticed in this place. 

Before we proceed with the examination of 
Frances Lloyd, I think it needlul to state what 
became of Bidgood and his wife after .the part 
tbi^ took in this disgracefnl business. After 
ipoch inquiry at Greenwich and. the neighbour^ 
Itoodf I found that Bidgood subsequently took a 
public house ; but the part he bad taken against 
his royal mistress so exasperated his neighbour^ 
and almost every body that knew him and h%A 
• daily opportunities of watching the conduct of the 
Princess, that he died in gi^at distress and poverty, 
both of body and mind, regretted by not a singto 
individual; and, some qionths ago, Sarah, hie 
widow, fell into a very deep wiell, and fractnted 
both her legs and thighs in such a shocking maimer^ 
that i^ became necessary to have them both ampo* 
tated, at no great distance from the body. She 
is still living, on ^e bounty, as I understand, of a 
former mistress; but by no means, respected 
amongst her neighbours : so strong i^ theconvictionh 
of the Qneen's innocence, and of the wickedness ot, 
the conspiracy against her life and honour^ , 

Lady Douglas^retired some years ago to Scotland, 
her husband having died,^ as some supposed, of ^ 
broken heart. Her ladyship, however, stjU.Uves^ 
though in a very private and secluded manner, y^^^ 

W^ ittay now proceed to notice FkiANCKS 
Jit^YP'a examii^atioQr ^ated '^ Tewple, ^k-^) 



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of Mey, 1806/' She begnn by stating, that, to 
the best of h^r knowledg'e, Mary Wilson had said 
that she had seen the Prineess and Sir Sidney iit 
the blue room ; bat added tha€ she ^as so close 
a wonran, that she never opened her mouth on any 
occasion. Lloyd, however, declared, that she had 
never heard- Mary Wilson say she was so alarmed 
as to be in ft fit.* She had heard the gardener at 
Ramsgate say one day, at dinner, that he had seen 
Mrs. Sioard and GaptaiA Manby go across the 
lawn towarda a sobtei^rane^ns passage leading to 
the sea. She had also seen Captain Manby sitting 
in the drawiflg*rooB(i of the house adjoining to her 
Koyal Higfati^s, which room belonged to her ; and 
one morhing, about six o-clock, she had observed 
the Captain 1 and her nliMress walking together in 
the g^nlen at Ramsgate. She bad moreover heard, 
from Mrs. Lisle's maid, that the Princess, when at 
Lady Sheffield's, went out of her bed-room, and 
coold not lind'her way back ; bnt nothing more; 
Lastly, Lloyd staled, that, about fdur years before, 
as she thought, Mr. Mills had attended her for a 
cold; and, inr conversation, he asked her if the 
Prince visited at their hoilse ; to which she replied^ 
not to her knowledge; on which Mr. Mills is 
atated to have said, that certainly the Princess was 
mith child. 

Mr. Mills, then a respectable surgeon at Crreen- 
vpich, is now dead. 

Such is the substance oif the examinations, on 
which was fouuded the official inquiry ah'eady 



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tUuded tOf Ueibne conmiSMioneni appointed to 

thai purpose by bifl late Majeiity • It jsoot n^cesaarjr 

that 1 abouki offer any reniaffks on these ^xtraor-^ 

diaary char^frs: tbey are mf&ciently animad^- 

parted upon b^ the Princess herself in ha* long and 

V)ery able defence addressed to the King; and 

drawn up, as is supposed, by the present Lard 

EUdoa, and tfie lute iinfortnnate Mr. PerceyaK In 

Us proper place that very excellent and highly 

ioteresting document shall be laid before th« 

reader^ w-ho will then form his own judgment 

an the evidence ag^in^t her Royal Highness* and 

on the peculiar merits of her defenee. In the 

mean time 1 shall proceed to give a faithful analysis 

of the other evidence laid before theCommissioqerst 

with their lordships' Report to his Majesty on the 

same. 

it willy perhapSi be best, in the Hirst Nplace, to 
give the substance of the Depositions on oath, oa 
which uras founded the report alluded to. la 
ioing this some little repetition will be unavoidable. 

IjUIPT Douglas, whdae deposition is dated 
June ], I806t begins by noticing the date of her 
first acquaiiitanee with her Royal Highness ; and 
then i;;oes on to state all the leading facts of her 
former aeepoht; but in a much more concise 
manner. We may, therefore^ pass over this 
deposition. 

Sib. Jobn Douai-As's deposition, of the same 
date, contains nothing of importance except the 
fe||o«vi|ig st^tameiii: that one day the Princess 

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210 

leaned on the sofa, and put her hand npon her 
stomach, and said; '' Sir John, I shall never be 
Queen of England ;*' to which Sir John replied : 
'^ not if you don't deserve it." She seemed angry 
at first. She appeared to Sir John to be with 
child. 

Robert Bidgood, next went over; in his de- 
position, much the same ground as that he had trod 
in his examination already given. He was sworn 
at Lord Gren villa's house on the 6th of June 1806, 
in the presence of his lordship and Earl Spencer. 
William Cole, at the same time, also, confirmed 
a considerable portion, but not all, of his former 
statement, as far at least as the formality of an 
oath may be said to give confirmation to it. 
Fkances Lloyd, likewise, on the following day, 
went through the. same ceremony and repetition of 
her former testimony to Mr. Lowten ; but in her 
deposition added, that a woman of the name of 
Townly, from Charlton, had told her that she had 
some linen to wash from the Princess's house. That 
the linen was marked with the appearance of a 
miscarriage or a delivery. It is worthy also of 
particular remark, that this deponent, Lloyd, here 
swears positively that " she never told Cole that 
Mary Wilson, when she supposed the Princess to 
be in the library, had gone into the Princesls's bed- 
room, and had found a man there at breakfast with 
the Princess 3 or that there was a great to do 
about it, and that Mary Wilson was sworn to 
secrecy, and threatened to be turned away if she 



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211 

divulged what she had seen/* Now^ Cole, it will 
have been observed, in bis examination^ did most 
distinctly sta^» that Fanny had so told him. It 
is truey Cole does not repeat this remarkable fact 
io his deposition. 

Next follows the deposition of Ma&y Wilson^ 
sworn on the same clay as the preceding deponent. 
She swears, that she had lived housemaid with the 
Princess nearly ten, years; remembered the child 
Veing brought .to the Princess ; but never suspected 
her to have been with child. She was with the 
Princess at .Southend, when Captain Manby used 
to visit at their house* It was her business, assisted 
by Ann Bye, another of the Princess's maids^ to 
make her Royal Highnesses bed ; but, from what 
she saw, she bad never any reason to believe that 
two persons had slept in it. She never saw any. 
particular appearance in it. The linen was washed 
by Stikeman*s wjfe. 

Samubjl Robb&ts, the Princesses footman, 
swore .to the bringing of the child; and also that 
he never saw any. particular appearance in. her 
Royal Highness in. that year; nor did any thing 
lead hipd to believe that she was with child. . He 
never saw Sir Sidney Smith alone with the Princess, 
nor did he, to, bis knowledge, stay later than .the 
ladies. He remembered Cple asking him whether 
there were any favourites, in the family; to which 
he replied that Captain Manby and Sir Sidney 
Smith dined at. Blackheath oftener than otbeif 
persons. 

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Tiiof^'idi StJPKCMA^*^ clepesHien, so far as it 

refers to tAe child ABflftin, aoA that fdrms a prin^ 

€f pa) part of it, has already bem givev in substance 

on a fbrnier pagv. As to Sir Skhiey Sffifith, this 

deponent swore, that he used freqiietitly to iFisit at 

Ifontagne Htose, and he hud known him wtnain 

tM pasA tweVre o'doolc, arid, he b€fieved, alone with 

Ae Princes; ''hot,** added' Stiheflnan, '^thePrincess 

k of fhat Nvely vivscity, ibut she oiakeii herself 

fainimr with gentleOien, which prevented ine from 

bemjgf sttiick witll his iAayin«^ so laHe/^ He adds, 

also, that he had '< seen the Pirincess, when they 

were alone, sittii^g with Sir •Sidney SmilAi on the 

saoM softi in the Mae roonk** This deponent was 

with the femily at Ramsgale, when Cbptein Manby 

ttflied freqo^iiy to viftit them, and renain as late 

M eleven o'clock at night. He did not remember 

Fanity Lloyd being called up any moaning to 

make breakfast for the Princess. Be had never 

any suspicions of Ihers being nny thing improper, 

either from the frequent visits of Captaiil Maaby, 

or from his conduct, Uiougb he did not tike' his 

coming so often and staying so late, and was uneasy 

at it. He was at Catberington with the Pk*incess, 

, and has known her otice or twice go oat witb 

Mr. Hood ill his bne^horse chaise ; a4ion they re- 

mained out two hours, or two hoars and a half 

together. He did riot remember Lawrence the 

painter ever sleeping at Ittontagoe House. 

John SicAiaB, house-steward to llie Princess 
seven years, deposed to the bringing of the child, 



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and to tbe vtsito of Sit^ Skhiey ^UIk tn4 Slir John 
Mid Lftdy Botff hto. Sir Bkiney wok very oft^d 
ftloBe wilh the Princess, and so sifBs Ifr. CHiitMn^; 
aod o^M genth^men; bat he aei^er ^Kpec led Sir 
Sidney Smith of any improper conduct, wUh iho 
Piriaeess; nor, indeed, of her acting^ improperly 
with any othet gentleman. Mr. Sicard is stilt • 
attached to the household of her Majesty. Duringf 
her rendenee abroad, he 1^ remained, for the most 
partt inEngland, as her agent. 

Tbe depositteii of CiUJULcyf 9B S^NDsa n^t 
feUo^we^ Her oath principally relates to the child 
4astifi; and that part of it^ ttie reader is aj ready 
Mqnamted i^ith. She adds that ihe had not any 
Maaott to suppose this Princeisf was prejg^nant at 
Att tittie stated by Lady Douglas ; neither had she 
oaiise to suspect that she acted with impropriety 
towaidn any gentlemao. She neither knew nor 
belief ed, that Captain Manby used to stay till ?ery 
hite hours with the Princess, nor did she suspect 
the least improper familiarity b<etween them. She 
never saw any thing in the conduct of the Princess 
wbibt abe- lived with her, and she came with her 
Highfieas from Branswick, which would have 
nnde her uneasy had she been her husband. This 
witness's evidence was very material and circoni* 
ipeot; and, moat certainly, exonerates her Royal 
Highness from every species of impropriety. 

The deposition of SoFiri A Austin follows. It 
has already been given in substance. 

We have next to notice a letter from Earl 
Spencer, addressed to the late Lord Gwydir* re- 

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214 

qdesting his lordship to make inqnirij^s respecting the 
fact sworn to by Wly Douglas of her Royal ^igh-- 
ness breakfasting at Lady Willoughby*s house in 
JMlay or June, 1802, enclosing also an extract from 
La<ly Douglas's deposition. The result of their 
investigation was, that Lady Willoughby had no 
recollection whatever of tb$ fact stated to. have 
taken place, duiiixg a breakfast at Whitehall, nor 
elsewhere. Subsequently several distinct qiies^ions 
vfete put to Lady Willoughby, to all of wbici^itfhe 
returned written. answers^ offering at the saoie time 
to appear personally before the Conomissioners,' if 
required. In all this her ladyship oios^ conipletely: 
invalidates the oath of Lady Douglaa, . abcKU the 
story she told of quickening of the child, .aQd. bee 
milk suddenly rushing from her breast and staipiog. 
her handkerchief; and retiring umler pretence of, 
having spilt something,; and, in short, the whole 
story, as related by Lady Dpuglas, who, it sboold 
in justice be stated, only s\vore that the Princess 
had herself told her ladyship this ridiculous story* 
Lady Willougbhy concludes her answers by stating, 
that during the ten years she had had the bqnpur of 
knowing the Princess, of Wales, she did. not bear . 
in mind a single instance of her Royal Higbness^a 
conduct in society towards any individual tending 
to establish the fact of a criminal interccMirse or. 
improper familiarity* 

We now return to the depositions: Elizabeth 
GoSDEN simply states the fact, already communi- 
cated, of being sent for to take care of the child* 
B^TTY TowMLY, a laundress at Charl^Qo, had 



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215 

been msied to wash her Royal Highnesses linen, on. 
wbfcb occasions she observed such appearances on 
the linen as might arise from natural causes to 
which women are subject. She had never washed 
the Princess's own bed-linen, except once or twtc6 
occastonaily. She reeollected one bundle of linen 
once coming h^e which she thought rather more 
marked than usual. The servants, however, had 
told her that the Princess had been bled with 
leeches, and it dirtied the linen more. She also 
recollected, on anothei^ occasion, that, on looking 
over the linen ** slowly,*' she thought there might 
be sofnething more than usual. It had the appear* 
ance of a miscarriage, and she believed that to 
have been the case at the time. This she might 
mention to Fanny Lloyd, but she could not tell 
when it was that she had made this observation 
on the linen; it must, however, have been more 
than two years and a half before the time in which' 
abe made her depositiob. This deponent was sworn 
on -the 23rd of June, 1606. 

Thomas Edmeadiss, a surgeon and apothecary 
at Greenwich, swore that, from the year 1801, he 
attended her Royal Highness and her household. 
He had attended Fanny Lloyd for colds ; bnt he 
did not recollect that he had ever said any thing 
to her respecting the Princess of Wales. It never 
once entered his thoughts, while he attended the 
Princess, that she was pregnant, nor did he ever 
My so to Fanny Lloyd. He had b)ed the Princess 
in the Jpne quarter of 1803 ; but be had no re« 



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21« 

c^dleotioit bf her Royal HighHem being iU iif 
October of thart year. 'Xk» PriiK088 used to «6a4 
for leeches to his shop. 

Mr. E!<iiD^fi4est whose testimoi»y on Uiie veasion 
was HO imjK>rtsnt» is sinc^ d€iad$ M i^ ahvo his 
late partaer. Ma. MiUA wboae deposiiiop nevl 
Mlows. The chief part of this dep^|i#nt*a.evideoca 
is that wKereui he swears he l■ep)^Q[|tle^l that 
there was a female servant wbo attefiided )n ikB 
ci>0t>e*room, (attoding to Tanny ]lil#yd) init H 
B^ver snid to that woaaani nor to any otkar per809» 
that tiie Princess was ^aith d)ildp or looked an if aba 
was with child ; seither did be e^«r think so, ^ 
aurcaise any thing of tk» kind. 

UARftiCT FiTZG«:itAU>» who had liv^d wJth 
the Princess of Wales^ since the yisar J 801, merely 
as a frieiul and companion, awore to her knofvledga 
of Lady Dtiiuglasp and to the fapt pf her lying-in, 
Vhftn it happened, by accideot, that her Royal 
Highness was io the bnuse at the .time of Lady 
Douglases delivery, in IM^i. She ii^aa there berfelf. 
The Princess was not in the roofti at the time 
Lady Dpuglas was deliirered. There was leertainly 
fio appearance of the Princess being pregnant ai 
tliat liine. Slie saw the Pf ineefss at that timie lev^ry 
^ay f and at aU hoars, ^he believed it to ba^^e been 
%ui|« impossible that tl^ Princess should hafe been 
with child Without ber knowing it. Sti^ waa at 
ISoQthesid witb the Princess^ and r4^nieii|bera4 
Captain MiBoby being lliere aometinEN^s; but anH 
vairy often, i|e dined tbfire, bvt nef or stayed fot^; 



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817 

a^rer lute? than nine or half pa9t nine. She never 
rBcoMccted having neea hij» Umn tarljr io the 
morouig. She waa also with 4ho PriMew; at 
Riuiisgat(i$« Cafytam Maaby might have diotd Ibara 
ooca^ He Mvar «lept there to bar kaovledga; 
Qor did aba believe he ever bad* Tbiv deponant 
vaa also at Calheriogtoo with the Pxil>e^aa ; aod 
remooibered her Royal Highaeif^ 9^^^9 ont ift it 
carriaoe with the preaeot Lord Hood^ She b«J^vfd 
Lord <S4)od*3 a^vam attended them. WhiUt ilt 
/J4ey«Migao Rouae, Sir Sidney ^anitb qied Ireqwnt- 
Ijr to be there, aometimes as late aa twelve aod fnm 
o'clock in the moraiog, botoevar alooa tbalahehnew 
of. 6ba then xepeats^ that tba Priaeeif vtm Aot ia 
the room when Ladj Iloaglas wav Woogbt to hed. 
Peponaotkoew she was aoti beeaasa $be vas io the 
room bersdf when Lady Douglas waa deliFerad* 
Dn Mackie of Lewi^am was the accoocheor 

KowfiAT BipaoQDt on the 3d of July, repeated 
laa foianer depositiaot ia sonaewhat atvoogar 
hmgo^^K^ «nd rather Qsore circaoBstantial than 
heretofone. The kiss, which he said he had seen 
from the reflection of the lookiog*glass, given by 
Captain Naoby to the PriocesSf he* now described 
aa '' a ttry dose kis^'^^ike people food of each 
other«^Her behaviour like that of a woman attach- 
ed to a man. He never saw the water-jags« basoas^^ 
and towels^ set oot xipposite the Prineess's deor^ 
hot whan he snspected €«^tain Maoby waa there. 
The Princesf used to go ant in her phaeton with 
eoachmao and helper, towards Long Reach^ eight 

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218 

or teB times, carrying loncfaeon and wine with W^ 
when Captain Manby^s ship was at Long* Reach. 
Mrs. Fitzgerald always with her. The day thle 
Africaine sailed from Southend the Princess ordered 
them to pack up for Blackheath next morning. 
The servants used to talk and laugh about Captain 
ilkfanby ; it was matter of discourse amongst thtein. 
Ifer manner with Sir Sidney Smith appeared very 
ftlmiliar. She appeared very attentive to him; 
but deponent did not suspect tiny thing farther. 
' Str Francis Millkan^ attended the Princess 
inlidicallyy in the year 1802, for a sore throat and 
''fever. '' ^the year afterwards, be attended her with 
^Sir Walter Farqubar; when he persuaded her 
with some diflUciilty, to be blooded for a pain in her 
chest. She said she had not been blooded before, 
and that they could not find a vein 'in her a'rtti. 
He saw no mark in her arm of her haViHg been 
blooded ' befdre. He never observed any thing 
which induced him to think her Royal Highness 
was in a pregnant situation. He thought it im- 
possible she should have been delivered of a child 
in that year without his observing it. She was, 
during that year, and at all times, in the habit of 
receiving the visits of the Duke of Gloucester. If 
she had been a pregnant woman in June 1802, he 
could not have helped observing it. 

T*]ext follows the important deposition of'MRS. 
Hester LiSLi:, who had been in the Princesses 
faniHy ever since her Royal Highnesses marriage. 
Had np rieason to know or believe that she wis 



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319 

pr^p»ftDt io the year 1802, Sbe was at East Cliff^^ 
Rasugaiej, with bar Royal Hig^boess, in August ' 
1^3 ; and saw Cftptain M anby only once there in 
tb^t n^otb^to the. best of her recoUection ; and once 
ag;a^n at Deal castle. The Captain landed there, 
with sqoi^ boys the Princess had taken on charity. 
She^ had seen* Captain Manby at Blackheath one 
Chi^stmas- He always went away in deponents* 
prp^enpe; she had no reason to think he stayed 
after, the ladies retised. He often came there ; 
three or four times a week or more. Deponent 
supposed that be might be there with the Princess 
alone ; but her Royal Highness was in the habit 
of seeing, gentlemen - and traidesmeo without de- 
ponent being present. She thought also, that Sif 
Sidney Smith came frequently the Christmas 
before. At Dinner, when Captain Manby dined* 
he always sat next her Royal Highness the Prin<» 
cess of Wales. The constant company were Mrs. 
and Bliss Fitzgerald and Mrs. Lisle, the deponenV 
^They all retired with the Princess and sat in the 
jiame room. He generally retired about elevep 
pxlock,. .sitting with, the ladies till then. He wa9 
a person with whom the Princess appeared to have 
greater pleasure in talking, than to her ladies. 
.Sihejb«haired to him only as any woman would who. 
liken flirting. The deponent should not have 
thought any married woman would have behaved 
properly whoi should have behaved as her Royal 
JSigbness did to Captain Manby. She cuul4 not 
say whe^ier the Princess was attached to Captain 

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llsittt>y, Ofily that it Wfts A Atftirig: eoodnet. ' Mirer 
iiawatiy g&K^ntries, M kiMitigr(h(^ hatfid, of theltk«. 
This deponent t(ds with bef Royal RtghuMi at 
Ltkdy Sheffield's in Suiisex, the Chfiittiiiad before. 
Ther^ tras 6nty Mr. John Chester thidre when 
deponent arrived, ilfter^ards others cktAe) hnth&t 
ftoyal Highne^ paid more attetttiot^ tb Mr. Cbeirter 
than to the rest of the coaipatiy. She knew of 
her Walking: out with hifti aloue ' twice : onee h 
fthort time* U rained; the other not an hour; not 
long. Mr. Cheftter wtts «* a pretty yodngf taiati.** 
fier attentiong to him were not micomnton ; not 
the ftame as to Captata Matiby. This disponent 
was with the princess ^t Catherington ; and re- 
membered her Royal Highness riding out alona 
With Lord Hood in his Kttle witiskey. Bhe ap- 
peared to pay no atttirtvon to him, btit that of 
common citih'ty to nn intimate acqdaitrtaace. 
She remembered the Princess fitting to Mr. 
liawrence for her pictnre at ftlackfaeatfa, ami in 
London. Deponent left her at his faonse rn town 
with him ; but she' thought Mrs. Fitigemid was 
with her. She tot alon« With him, deponent 
thought, ut Bfockheath. &bt was tievof b her 
Royal Highnesses confidet^ce, bnt the PHacess WM 
^always kind and good-hatured to h\it. The iMu^ 
cess at one time appeared to like Lady Dtmg1aa« 
She had seen her with Sir Sidi^y Smitb, bat that 
never ktone. he had no reason t6 suspect Sit 
Sidney had a key of the tSstk-gnte. She Mvctr 
^heard of any body being fbmd waaderiiig aUixt 



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BtoehlMth. 8h« iiM hnrd of ioai^dy Md; 
AmimI frMdertogf iibMt late at iiigrht At Mimul 
ledgMMftb^, wtek the Ptrinotii «vm thertw Sir 
Bfehard fitraebttH ww refpoited to have apok«a 
freely of the PrinceM $ iMit de|Miiieiit did not heat 
thai be bad offered a radeMes to her person. The 
VHneaii t«ld tbe depoaent, that ahe had heard 
Sir Richard had spoken lUsreiipecUiiily of her, and 
therefore, deponent heliered tb^t her Royal High- 
ness had written tobim by. Sir Samoel Hood. 

MawOm Chouconobjuby^ dofNMsd to Ibe hand* 
writing of the ]lPrincess of Wales ; and being shown 
an anonymous letter, mentioned by Lady Douglas 
IB her stalettientf as havings boan " written by.tbip 
restless tei^ehtevons person, the PHneeas of Wales/' 
bis lordship swore that it was not of the Trincess^i 
hnd^writin^. The peper, with a kind of flraw* 
hig, #ilh the namaf of Sir Sidney Smith and I^y 
Douglas, his lordship said, appeared to be written 
itk m disguised band, some of the letters remarkably 
resembling the Prineess's baml<**wrttiBg; but be» 
tame of the disgntse tie could not any whether it 
was or was not her Royal Highnesses writing, 
On tbB cover being shown ta bis Jovdsbip^ be gaiFe 
Ibe -earns answer. The tottt tsf amnther letter 
Wing shown to him, be said be did not see in it tbe 
aaane resepiblance to tbe ^rincess^s writing* 

Tbns terminsled tbe iwi{ie«tant» and enriene 
^depositions ma<le before the Lords Commissioners; 
Ibot before t Uj, before tbe reader the report wbicb 
brddliips laada wn tbis eiifnif7> to cowiflete 






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llie «eries» il wH) b>«iph>p«r[t4t entice Ibe/^a^i^riitif if 
of.tti^ Duke of KeoC wliicby although dated 
Oecei^f! jT^th 180^ tbe jtrue jcopy was oot atte^t]^ 
i\\l\\mWlw of AligNHki 1806^ andther^fOT^i pn9<r 
per Ic^ie ioserted io this place. 
• .;It is too important and interesting a d^capAeot 
to be. abridged; and an it ig uoCTeryrloiig, tbe 
reader shall have il entire. 

NARRATIVE OF HIS ROYAL HIGHKiTSS THE 
DUKE OF KENT. 

** To inlrodace tfaefo^o^iDg relfttion, it is aeeessary for ne to 
pittauM, that on entering the Prince of Wales's bed-room, where 
oar interview took place, my hrother, after dismisMng his attend- 
ants, said to^ me, that cire^instanees bad come to his knowledge 
%iihrespeetto a trausaotioa il^h the Printess of Wales, in wbidi 
he loood thai I had heeo a party coaceriied ; tlitt il Ipe iiad not 
placed the most entire reliance on my attachment to him, and lie 
was pleased to add, on the well known uprightness of ray charac- 
ter and principles, be Should certainly hare felt himself in no 
WdnU degvee offeoded at baTingJear^t t^e. facts allad^ lo frooi 
o/^ftf, and not in tha^r^r' instance from me, which he conceived 
himself every way entitled to expect, bat more especially froni 
titat fooling of confidence o(i which he had ever treated me throiigfi 
lilB^; but that being folly satisfied ray ^kpUnation of the matter 
would prove that he was sot wrong in the opinion ho had ferined 
of the honourable motives that had actuated me in observing a 
bilence with regard to Atm upon the subject, he then was anxioualy 
laaitlagfor 4ne topnoeeed wttli anarrative, hii wish to hear whteh 
lie was sure he hfidpuly. to express to insdre my immdiate. ae* 
quiescence with it. The Prince then gave me bis hand, assuring 
me'he did not feel the amsllest degree of displeasure towards roe, 
and proceedeil to introduoe the subject upon which be required 
inibrmtion. Whee, feeliog it a duty I owed, to him, to withhold 
from his knowledge no part of the circumstances connected with 
H, that I could bring back to my recollection, I related the facts 
io him, as nearly as I can remember, in the following words:— ^ 
. f«. About a lwflveBio«ith siaoey^or ther^d^ats (for I.caaaii^ 



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293 

•pctt: jpotitively to the extftet daU) I racclved a note fram the 
PnacesB of wiiks, by vhidi ftli« reqoeaUd me to come over to 
Blackhealhy ia onler to ats'ut her in arranging^ « disagreeaUo 
■MtUr, betveea her, Sir-Sidoey Smithy Sir John and Lady Doog- 
las, the parUealars of wbteh she woahl relate to me, vhen f 
'shodld calL I^ In eoDeeqoentoe, waited spoo«her„ agreeably to 
her desire, a day or two after, when abe eoipmeiiced the eonvei^ 
eation, by telling roe, that she enplpoeed I knaw ahe bad atone 
•time lived wilb Lady Booglna on a fodttng^f intimiicy, bat that 
ahe had had reason afterwania to repent having mada her aoqubig^ 
vice, and was therefore rejoieetl wiien she left Blackheatk fcr 
Ptymootb, as she conceived that cireomstanoea woold hriMk off 
ail lartber commonieation: between her and tbat lady. That, how* 
ever, contrary to her expectation, apon the return oL Sir Johpi 
aad her from Plymontb to London, Lady Donglas bad called ai^d 
left her same twice or three Aimes, ^o^wiihataudiog alie mil«t 
have seen that admissioii wasreftiated he^ ; tliat having been ^m- 
\fsnmA in the opinion ahb had bbfore had occasion to form of tar 
tadyshif by an aaonymoas letter she bad received^ in which, she 
was viery strongly cautioned against renewing her acquaintanoe 
.with her, both as being unworthy of her confidence, . from the 
libertiea aho had allowed hereof to take with Uie Princess's naa)^ 
.and the lightness of her character, she had felt iierselfoblige^, 
• asljidy Douglas would not Aake the bint, tbat her visiU wese 
aot wished for, to order Miss Verizon to write her a note,'spe9t- 
£cally telling her that they would in future be dispeused with ; 
that the oonaoqMance of this bad been an application, throuj|h 
one of her ladies, in the joint uames of Sir Sidney Smith, -^r 
John apd Lady Douglas, fqr an audience, to require an «xplau^- 
tion of this, which they 4U>M8idered an affiront; and tbat« beiqg 
determined not to grant it, or to suffer any unpleasant discussion 
npon the attkyect, she intrealed me to Uke whaUver steps I might 
jadge beat to put an end to the matter, and rid her of all further 
trouble about it, I stated in reply, that 1 had no knowledge fit 
either Sir John or Lady DougisK, and therefore could not, in the 
first instance, address myself to them, hot that I iiadsomey>- 
ipiaintaneewitb Sir Sidney SroitI). and if the Princess was npt 
averse to that channel, I would try what I could in tliat i^y 
efibet. This beiag assented to by the PriMsass, I took my leave, 
and; immediately, on my reborn home, wrote. a»n(||a to Sir Siifi^, 



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vaqiMaiiuf Imi 4b m11 «• ole m WoMk $B b» eMifMiiivaUir f«d4» 
« i Im4 MBift bMiDwft lo ipMk to him tp^Mirf^nSir SUof 5» <a 
«onMi|QaMt, c»IMon ipe (I tbiok) tke next dsy, irlMin Irdatoil 
to bin ibt 0Mf6rmlioii» u above dated, that I bad bad wiUi 
%\m PiiDoaat. AAir tmnmg all I bad lo aaj, be obaer?a4p Umt 
Iht MntMa, i« aMiflg to M ibttt bar pppbibiiioii to jbriy J^^ 
ka to ftpaal Imt tinto at BiaekbeMb. bad led to tbe af plitaUeiL 
Ibr in andieMe %( bet Bord Sigbaeaa* had kept Arom me tbe 
tMl OMse «kf he, » veU ea Sir ieha snd Lsdy Doeghe, bad 
eMde it^ « it engiaated in e noat eeaadafeaa eaeiiyeMaa lettor, 
^ e natere eakvlatod to eat ee Sir Jehe aed biai to «ut eaeh 
•elbei'a tbreeto, vbieb* feeta the baed»vritiiig ead filjrle^ th^ 
•ureM beUi felly eeev toeed* «ree tbe predediee of the Prieqeaa 
heracjlf.-^i naf torai ly expnaaed njr ecKti^eeto upoe eaeb eondoot, 
en fhepait ef the Printoaa^ ia tocaM Kf the atvoegeat eeieMMlne* 
eiea ; bet, ne? tethileaa, euieee %» «f oU tbe ehaaiefel ecfaii nhkii 
Hm pebKmliea of eecb « faet to the vorld aM»t ptodeee ; tbe 
eieet wbieb <to eeemg to tbe Kieg^ kivwkdge venld pi^ekly 
have ee bie heaHh, flroai tbe deiieate elate of hie nerveii and ell 
^le eddilieiial inieee dcr e to edti^ betweee hU Mejeety end the 
PHeee, wbicli I Ibrtoaw weatd ieentobiy Mtow, were this liet» 
triiieb wedd give the Pttfice eo pofreifol a baedle te exprees hb 
IMinga upon the connteBaeoeabetni by the Kiiigte tbe Prineaea, 
at a titte irtien I knew him to he eettrely irooeded, by hie Ma- 
Jeity'a vlaits to Blatitheatb on the ene baed, aed the mperto he 
bad received of tlie Prinoese's eooduct <m the other, to be bcoeght 
to Kf^ht; I felt it my botmdeii duty, at aa honeet maa, to aige 
' atl tbece argafnents with Sir Bidney 89mitb in the metft ferciUe 
manae I waa master of, adding also aa a farther obyeely worthy 
ef the me«t aeriom eonsideration, the denger of any appearaaee 
ef 3H blood id the fkmily at eueh an eveaKhl erieiay and to preae 
apon hia miad the neceasity of bia aeleg hie beat eadeafwna with 
Sir John Dooglaa, netwithatondlng ell the prevoealiea that had 
heea given them, to tndaee bim te let the maftter drop, aad ponae 
H no fcrther. Sir Sidney ebaerved to eae, that Sir lobo Dtegiaa 
waaa man wbom^whea eaeehe had token aliiiefram a prinoiple 
nf henenr, il was very di6toolt to peveaade him to depart fiwaa 
It ; tiaweter, aa he theeght that if any man eeeW prevaM apen 
iilw, he might flellar bimerfr e^th. being tbe amet likely to per- 
eaade faitt, fiem the aFeigbt he bad with h»m ^ he weald inaif* 



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225 

diately try liow far he could gain upoii him, by making use of 
those arguments I had brought forward to induce him to drop the 
matter altogether. — About four or five days after this. Sir Bdneiy 
called upon me again, and iuibrmed me« that upon making use 
vith Sir John, of those reasons which I had authorised his 
stating to be those by which I was actuated in making the re- 
quest that he would not press the business farther, he had not 
Been able to resist their force, but that the whole extent of 
pvaroise be had been able to obtain of him, amounted to no 
more than that ke would, under existing circumstancis, remain 
quiet, if left unmoiested, for that he would not pledge himself 
Dot to bring the subject forward hereafter, when the same motiva 
might no longer operate to keep him silent. This result I com- 
municated, to the best of my recollection, the following day, to 
the Princess, who seemed satisfied with it, and from that day to 
the present one, (November 10, 1805,) I never have heard the 
subject named again in any shape, until called upon by the 
P^nce, to.make known to him the circumstances of this trausac- 
tioD, as far as I could bring them to my recollection/' 

And now having fuldlled what the Prince wished me to do to 
the best of my abilities, in case hereafter any one, by whom a 
■siTatite of all the circumstances as related by Sir John and 
Lady Douglas, of whom I was informed by my hrother, sul^seyuent 
to our conversation, should imagine that I .'knew more of them 
than I have stated, I hereby spontaneously declare, that what I 
Vxwe written is tha whole extent of #hat I was apprised of; and' 
bad the Princesis thought proper to inform me of what, in the 
narrative of the information given by Sir John and Lady Douglas, 
is alluded to, I should have felt myself obliged to decline all in- 
terferenoe in the business, and to hare at the same time stated 
to ber, that It would be impossible for me to keep a nwtter of 
aoch importance from the knowledge of the Prince. 

(Signed) EDWARD. 

Deeemhmr 27, 1805. 

A true Copy, A true Copy, 

B- BLOOMFIELD. J. BECKET. 

WkiuhM, "H^hAuguit, 1806. 

IX). 2p 

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Ik36 

I Irnve iiotr laid before tbe reader the silbstatic^ 
of all tbe examinations and depositions, for and 
against her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales ; 
and nothing remains to complete the history and 
facts of ^* the delicate investigalwii^*^ but the report 
of the commissioners, and a sketch at least* of het 
Royal Highnesses correspondence with the late 
King, iticlading her able, and highly interesting 
defence it will be absolutely necessary to lay before 
the reader. 

Thb Repo&t, aftor referring his Majeisty to this 
authority on which the commissioners acted, 
?i2. his own royal warrant, dated May 29, 1806p 
proceeds as follows : ^' We hetre, in datifol obe-^ 
dience to your Majesty's commands, proceeded to 
examine the several witnesses, the copies of whose 
depositions we hare hereunto annexed ; and m 
ftirther execution of the said commands, we no# 
most respectfully submit to your Majesty the report 
of these examinations as it has appeared to us; 
bilt we beg leave at the same time, humbly to refei^ 
your Majesty for more complete information to the 
examinations themselves, io order to correct any 
error of judgment into Which we may lla've unibw 
tentionally falteb, with respect to ^ny of this busi- 
negA. On a referinc^ to the above mentioned 
declarations, as the necessary foundation of all (Ml^ 
proceedings, we found that they consisted in certfeihi 
statements, which bad been laid befote his Royal 
Highness the Prince of Wales, respecting the 
conduct of her Royal Highness the Princess of 



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327 

Wttles; that thecie fitate«ient3, not only impotod 
to ber ^aynX Highness great impMpriety^ and 
mdecency of behi^Tioar, bat ezpnessly aftieftecU 
partly on the ground of certain alleged declarations 
froaa the Prinoees'ii own mouth, and partly on tha 
penonal obtervalione of the infcHraftants,. Ahe foHoir^ 
ing most importaojt facts, viz. That her Boyat 
Highness had been ptegaant in the year 1802, in 
eonaeqoence of an illieit intercourse, and that she 
had in the same year been secretly deljyered of a 
male child^ which child had ever sinee that period 
heea brought op by her Royal Highness in her owa 
bouse, and under ber immediate iaspection. 

** These allegations thus made, had^ as we fqondp. 
been followed by declanuions from other peraons, 
who had not indeed spoken to the important facta 
of the pregnapi^ or delivery of her Royal Hi|;h'- 
aess, bat had slated other partiooiArs in tbeipselves 
eatremely suspicious, and still more so when con* 
nected with the assertions already mentiooedk In 
the painful situation in which, his Royal Highness 
was placed by these comnionications, we leaml 
that his Royal Highness had adopted the only 
cousae which could, in our judgment, with pro-» 
ptiety be followed, when infor nataons.sach as these 
had been thus confidently alleged^ and particularly 
detaibd, and had been m some degree supported 
by collateral eviidence, applying to other points of 
the same nature (though going to a £bu* less extent), 
poe line cookl only be pursued. Erery sentiment 
of duty to your Majesty, attd of concern for the 

3f2 



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328 

pablic welfare, reqaired that these particakrs 
tfhoold not be withheld from your Majenty, to 
whom more particularly belonged the cognisance 
of a matter of state so nearly touching the bonoar 
of your Majesty's Royal Family, and by possibility 
affecting the succesHiori of your Majesty's Crowa. 
Tour Majesty had been pleased, on your part, to 
view the subject in the same light. Considering* 
it as a matter which in every respect demanded 
the most immediate investigation, your Majesty 
had thought fit to commit into our hands the duty 
of ascertaining, in the first instance, what degree 
of credit was due to the informations, and thereby 
enabling your Majesty to decide what further 
conduct to adopt concerning them. On this view, 
therefore, of the matters thus alleged, and of the 
course hitherto pursued upon them, we deemed it 
proper, in the first place, to examine those persons 
in whose declarations the occasion for this inquiry 
bad originated; because, if they, on being ex- 
amined on oath, had retracted or varied their asser- 
tions, all necessity of further investigation might 
possibly have been precluded. We accordingly 
first examined on oath the principal informants, 
Bir John Douglas and Charlotte his wife, who both 
ppsitively swore, the former to his having observed 
the fact of the pregnancy of her Royal Highness, 
and the latter to the all-im|>ortant particulars con- 
tained in her former declaration, and above referred 
to. Their examinations are annexed to this report, 
and are circumstantial and positive. 



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3S9 

. *< The most material of these allegations, into 
tlie truth of which we have been directed to inquire, 
being thus far supported by the oath of the parties 
(torn whom they had proceeded, we then felt it to 
be oar duty to follow up the inquiry by the ex* i 

aminatioo of such other persons as we judged best 
able to afford us information as to the facts in 
question. We thought it beyond all doubt, that 
in the course of inquiry many particulars must be 
learnt, which would be necessarily conclusive on 
the truth or falsehood of these declarations: so 
many persons must have been witnesses to the ap- 
pearance of an actual existing pregnancy : so many 
circumstances must have been attendant upon a 
real delivery : and difficulties so numerous and 
insurmountable must have been involved in any 
iatteihpt to account for the infant in question as 
the child of another woman,, if it had been in fact 
the child of the Princess, that we entertained a full 
and confident expectation of arriving. at complete 
proof, either in the affirmative or negative, oh thiji 
part of the subject. 

** This expectation was not disappointed. We 
«re happy to declare our perfect conviction, that 
there is no foundation whatever for believing that 
itfae child now with the Princess of Wales is the 
child of her Royal Highness, or that she was 
delivered of any child in the year 1802 ; nor has 
any thing appeared to us which would warrant the 
belief that she was pregnant in that year, or at any 
other. period within the compass of our inquiries. 

r"' 



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sao 

The identity ol the child now with the PriocMs, 
its parents, age, the place and dete of its ^irth, the 
time and circuustance of its being fimt takea 
under her Royal Higlmess's protection, are all 
established by sach a concarreoce both of posilife 
and circnmstantial evidence, as can in our jad^* 
meat leave no question on this part of the subject. 
That child was, beyond all donbt, horn iaBrow«* 
low-street Hospital on the llth day of July, 1808, 
el the body of Sophia AusttA, and was first brought 
to the Princess's house in the month of November 
ioUowiog. Neither should we be more warranted 
in expressing any doubt respecting the alleged 
pregnancy of the Princess, as stated ia tbeoriginal 
declaration, a fact so fully contradicted, and by so 
many witnesses, to whom, if true, it must in various 
ways be known, that we cannot think it entitled 
to the smallest credit The testimonies on these 
two points are contained in the annexed Depositions 
and Letters. We have not partially abstracted in 
this tleport, lest by any unintentional omission we 
might weaken their efiect: but we humbLy offer 
to your Majesty this our clear and unanimous 
judgment upon them, formed upon full delibera- 
tion, and pronounced without hesitation, on the 
result of the whole inquiry. We do. not, however, 
feel ourselves at liberty, much as we shouU wisk 
it, to dose our Report here. Beaides the allega^ 
tions of the pregnancy and delivery of the Princess, 
those declarations, on the whole of which your 
Majesty has been pleased to command us to inquire 



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and report, cbnt&ib, u we-bive already remailsedi 
o^er j^artifukM respecting the condaot of lier 
JKoyal Higliiieis, such as must, eftpecially consider^ 
io^ h&t exalte rahk and station, necessarily give 
ocMsit>n t<^ re^y unfttTOiUrable interprettttione^ 
From the various deposition's and prooft annexed 
to thi« fteport, partieolafly from the examination 
of Robv^rt Bidgood, William Cole, Frances Lloyd^ 
and Mrs. Lisle, yonr Majesty will perceive tbat 
several strong oircamstances of this descriptioii 
htiye been positively sworn to by witnesses, whe 
eatinot, iti o«r judgment, be suspected of any on^ 
Ihtonf able bias, and wbo«e veracity, in this respect^ 
mt have seen M ground to question. 

'* On (b^ ptectse bearing and effect of the facte 
thus iippearing, it is not for ns to decide ; thesn we 
Ittbfnit to yom- Majesty's wisdom ; hot wecotieeiv^ 
it tb be oiH- duty to report on this part of th^d 
InquI^, as distinMly as on the former fact9,<^liiat 
lit on the one hand the faets of pregnancy and 
delivery are to our minds satisfactorily dispn^vedi 
to on the other hand we think the cii^nmstances 
t6 which we now refer, particularly those stated 
to have passed between her Royal Highness tnd 
Captain Manby, most be credited Until they sbaH 
receive some decisive contradiction ; and,iftrne«ari 
jtetly entitled to the most serioas consideration. We 
t)ittft6l ck)^ this Report without humbly ilssuring 
yotft MajieHty that it Was on every account oor 
Mmious wish to haVe executed this delicate trost 
with as Tittle publicity as the nature of the CM6 



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3da 

would po8»ib]y allow; and we entreat your 
Mfijesty's permistiion to expresH our full persaa- 
sion, that if this wish has been disappointed, the 
failure is not imputable to any thing unnecessarily 
said or done by us^ all which is most humbly sub- 
mitted to your Majesty/' 

The report presented to the late King, of which 
the above is nearly the whole, was signed, by 
lioi:ds, Erskine, Spencer, GrenviUe, and Ellen- 
borough, and the attested copy, signed by Mr. 
Becket, is dated July 14, 1806. It was ac- 
* companied by the several Depositums, of which 
the reader has already had the substance; nearly 
a month, however, elapsed before the Princess 
of Wales herself received a copy of it, by 
command of the King, but without the depo- 
sitions, &c« &c« &c. ; upon which she addressed 
his Majesty, by a letter, dated Augusj^i lltb, 
apknowtedging its receipt, and her gratitude 
for the attentions of his* Majesty to her in 
this unhappy business; but complains, that the 
liords Commissioners had given in the report to 
the King before they had been properly informed 
of various circumstances, which must, for a feeling 
and delicate minded woman, be very unpleasant 
to have spread, without having the means to ex« 
culpate herself. ** But," continues her Bx>yal 
Highness, ** I can^ in the face of the Almighty, 
assure your Majesty, that your daughter-in-law is 
innocent, and her conduct unquestionable: free 
from all the indecorums^ and improprielkSf which 



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«8S 

we impilted to ber at present by tbe Lords Com- 
njsdioners^ by tbe evidence of persons who spoke 
is ftflsely as Sir John and Lady Douglas/' She 
then assures tbe King that she will give the most 
yolemn denial in her power to all the scandalous 
stories of Bidgood and Cole ; in tbe mean time 
complainingt and, it cannot be denied, with much 
apparent justice, that the whole of the evidence 
on which the C!ommissioners had given credit to 
the infamous stories charged against her, was 
taken ^behind her back, without her having an 
opportunity to contradict or explain any thing, or 
even to point out those persons who might have 
been called, to prove the little credit that was due to 
some of the witnesses, from their connection with 
Sir John and Lady Douglas; and the absolute 
falsehood of parts of the evidence, which could 
have been completely contradicted. 

It certainly tended in a very great degree to 
strengthen the presumption of the Princess's com- 
plete innocence, that the inquiries into her conduct 
were lAftde liehind her back; and the names of 
the persons who had accused her concealed from 
her till after the report was made. Concealments, 
of any description, wherein the honour and 
character of an individual are concerned, are 
eowardly and unjust; and it is a pitiful, not to say 
culpable, affectation of delicacy towards a witness, 
who has been called upon to state facts to the 
prejudice of another* that his or hei* name must 
not be divulged to ti)e accused, lest it should excite 

10. 2G 

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M4 

kift indi^fttioti. Biit M it very ffeqmDfly tieppen*^ 
tbfit a whisperer is coifeealed from tbe faee tt an 
kHiocent bai aeeused iadfvMual, whe, fiad a dilfi^reot 
Ktie of conduet been parsued, mig'ht lia^e been 
Abie to prove either that the witnem was nistakeiiy 
or was anworthy of credit. Accasers, however^ 
have always a sort of synpathetie affection for 
those who give evidence in their favour, and againel 
•hose whom thoy seek to convict of oriiiie. How 
fiiahy innocent persons have been (he victim of this 
teost onjust pet icy! Bat few h^ve saffsred moM 
intensely from it, than her present Majesiy» Qatea 
Caroline; who, whether gfmfty or innocent, had 
am undoabted rig^bt to know and to see e^erjf 
indwiduah who spoke to her prejudice, before 
any report whatever bad been presented to the 
King"; more especially, as the Report ihal was 
presented, though it acquitted her of cvMBe, left 
aa impression of gnsat impropriety and iadeoeocy 
of behaviour. 

On the 1 7th of the same aiontb, ^Aagust) har 
Boyal Highness again addressed his Majeetyi 
and oDce aiore eapressed her great gratitude to 
him, for the kindness and protection she had vnu 
formly received at his hands* In this iet^r aha 
strictly states to the King, that, as the copies of 
the Report, and of the papers by which it was ac* 
compsnied, came to her uaauthenticatad, by tha 
•ignature of any person, higb or low, whose 
veracity, or even aconracy, was pledged ibr t|iaif 
being eorrect c<^s of the origiaals, ber bmmkim 



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88# 

r#^i€9t is*iha| they may. be presented to her ia ^ 
less doobtful form ;^ complaining, at the same time, 
of oeriain eraBurei^ and interlineations, in a different 
band^wfitji^g, nfbich rendered those parts of tbs 
f%p^n aainlellifible. She refers particularly to 
Mm. Isle's eifamwation. 

Ifi Ihe second place, iner Eoyai Highness 
^bservea^ that the Report proceeds by rtterance to 
certBia 'Written declarations, which the Com* 
Iniasioii^tii describe as the neoe$isary foundation of 
all their proceedings ; and which contains, as Bha 
piiesiiQft6fl[, the charge^ or information, against her 
MHid«iot; btit copies of these written declarations 
bad not been given to ber. She accordingly 
proceeds to revest that sha may be farnisbed 
Irith copies^ expressing her persaasion that tba 
Kingi in directtng that she' sbonld be furnished 
sHth a cof y of the Beport^ intended also, that ska 
sbonld see this essential part of the proceedingf 
tbo foflodalion on which it rests, Sbe» ^eeondly^ 
wqMslsto^l&oow how many aiccusers she has, and 
.who they are ; Atrdly^ that she may be informed 
of the 4»Qie ;wfieo the declarations were made } and» 
4ai%« that the papers, so aathentioated, ^may ba 
speedily retomei to her, asserting, as afi additional 
ffMsoD for urging this last request, that a delay 
iilpilar to that which she had experienced ia 
the Report, she ahouM of ail tbiiigs dephm^ 
aa diat wootd akd delay the arrivAl of tlmt xnOnsent 
when jdie wodd oompletely satisfy his Majesty 
that the whok of the charges against bar wana 

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1»6 

alike unfounded, and were all parts of tbe same 
conspiracy. 

Three days after the date of this application to 
the King, the lord chancellor wrote to her Royal 
Highness, returning the box of papers, exactly as 
sent by her; stating, that he had so returned it to 
her, the day on which he received it, because 
be thought it might be more agreeable to ber not 
to have it delayed, till other copies could be pre- 
pared, and sent to her, duly examined, and certified 
to be authentic. * 

Lord Erskine again wrote to the Princess on 
tbe 24th of August, stating, that bis Majesty bad. 
transmitted to him her letter of the 17tb, and bad 
directed him to lay it before tbe Lords Com* 
missioners. His lordship added, that he had 
received his Majesty*s farther commands, to ac*' 
quaint the Princess, that although tbe papers first 
sent to her Royal Highness were judged duly 
authenticated, according to the usual course and 
forms of office, yet bis Majesty saw no reason for 
declining a compliance with her request; and that 
if she would transmit them to bis lordship, they 
should be examined and attested accordingly, after 
correcting any errors that might have occurred in 
the copying. He had also tbe King*s commands 
to furnish ber Royal Highness with copies of the 
written declaration referred to in the Report. . 

, Agreeably with this intimation, on the 20tb, tfae 
lord chancellor transmitted to her Royal Highness 
the papers in question, a few minutes after he had 



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S37 

received them from Emrl Spencer. The day but 
one following, the Princess informed the lord 
chancellor, that the gentleman with whom she 
advised, and who bad possession of the ofiicial 
papers communicated to her by his lordship, had 
been out of town, and had not returned till the 
evening before. He, however, said, that, as other. 
copies had been promised to her Royal Highness, 
duly examined and certified to be so, he had relied 
upon being able to refer to those already sent, and 
therefore it would then be inconvenient to part 
with them. 

On the 2nd of September, Lord Erskine once 
more wrote to ^ler Royal Highness, stating that 
when he promised her other copies of the papers, 
be had done so without any communication with 
tile other Commissioners, and thinking the former 
ones sufficiently authenticated \ but he now, never* 
theless, sent her the attested copies of the da* 
positions, agreeably to her request. 

Thus ended the correspondence, preliminary to 
that most valuable, curious, and highly interesting 
defence of the Princess of Wales, in her celebrated 
letter to the King, dated October 2d, 1806, and 
accompanied by several depositions, confirming the 
various statements made by her Royal Highness 
in the course of that long and able defence, of 
which the following is a faithful copy.^ 

* I lru6t the reader will be obliged by Having tiie defence at 
length, as every well-wisher to her Majesty will be pleased to 
observe how completely she exonerates herself from the wicked 



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ess 

TO THB KINO. 

SiHBy — Impressfd, with the deepest tentimenU of grttitade^ 
for the eountenaiice and protection, which I have liitherto 
uniformly received ffond your Majesty, I apprcmch ytnA, wfth it 
tbtart »tfdiMfMtyed» opoit this o«ta»ioii, M awful itKJ noiMlitMi 
Id my character, my honour, and roy bappineaa. I ahoold, iodead, 
(under charges such as have uov been brought against ihe^j 
prove myself undeserving of the continuance of that countehaucft 
dtid piH>tection, aiid alloget1i«f Art worthy of theiili;^ oUliM, wM«h 
I hoM in y4ur Mi\pefety'a fll«ttrioiia fMiily, if I ftolighl for an j 
partiality, for any indulgenco, for any tiling mwre than whal w 
due to me in justice. My entire confidence in your Majeaty^O 
tirtuea assnrea me that I cannot m^et with /^«f. 

The oftuOlioii, which J have been »0 hi^py aa lo hold In yo^f 
Majesty's food opinion and esteem ; roy station in your Majesty's 
august family; my life, my honour, and, through mine, tho 
honour of your Majesty's family, have been attacked. Sh loha 
imd Lady bouglaa have atttmpted io support o diroOt aid praowo 
charge, by which they have dared to impute to me, the enormoua 
guilt of high treason, committed in the foul crime of adultery. In 
this charge, the extravagance of thnr malice hiu defeated itself. 
Tho Report of tho Lordo CommiosioncrB, aoiitig under yoaf 
Miyeaty's warrant, has roost folly cleared mo of Unit charge 
But there reroain imputations, strangely sanctioned, and coon* 
tenanced by that Report, on which I cannot reibain silent, witbodt 
incurring the most fatal coo«e<)iience9 to my bonoaf ond tfiahs^Mf* 
for it states to your Majesty, that " The Oircumhtsnces detiiled 
agaiost me must be credited, till they are decisively contradicted." 

To contradict, willi as much decision as the con trad ictioil 
of an accnscd ctin convey ; to expose the injustice tnd' mritc^ 
of my enemies; to show the otter imposoibtlity of gisiog' citdtt 
to their teathnony; and to vindicate my ownjnnocence, will 



charges brought against her on that occasion. The depositions 
to which the writer refers, as being made io her favoot, shaM |>e 
given, in substaAoe* at le^st, by way of notes, on thO pages Wh«rti« 
they are ref erred to. The other depositions, on which her Soyal 
HigD'heSi 'Tdnarks, "WB already sufficiently In ttw ivade/s T^ 
Miection ; and if any thing «f conseqvencO ha« been omtltod io 
my analysis of them, it will be found amply nupplied lo IW^ 
. iefttice Ittelf. 



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It IIm oI||MU, litf«, of Uite letter, io the 4Beiirfle of my pareotnfp 
ttieoe eJ^eclB, I ehatt litve muoh to cemplatn of, in the eobttenee 
of the preeeeding* itielf, dmi mneh in ihe maniiier of enn<kictiii|^ 
it TM My of these charges shouU, e«tr, hnve been enter* 
tnined* «pon lesthnoay no little worthy of belief,, whioh beimyei, 
in eterf eentshoe, the mnlice in irhieli H origlneted; thnt, eve» 
if they men entertained nt all, yonr Majenty sbenid have been 
irfefsed H pass by the evdinary legal diodes of inqoiry into sneh 
Wgh' eriniea, and to fefer them to a eommission, open te aH the 
elbjeetSea, which I shall hate to aUte to such a mode of inqaiiy ; 
that the Commisaioners, after having negatived the pnDeipal 
charge of sohetanlive eriroe, ahodd have enterfained eonsidera* 
trons of matters Hiat amovnted to no legal efleoee, and whieb 
were addvced, not as sobstantive charges in themaelves, bnt ae 
anatters in sapport of the principal accnsation; that throagb 
the pressure and wefght ef their official ocoopationa, they did 
net, perhaps, could not, bestow that attention on the oaae, whiefa, 
if gi^n to It, mast have enabled them to deteet the villany and 
fhlsehood of, my aceosers, and their foul eoaspiracy against mof 
nnd most hare preserved my character from the weighty impnla* 
ttoa which the anthority of the Commisaionera, has, for a tlaM^ 
cast upon it; but, above all, that they should, upon this §xpaH€ 
examination, without hearing one word that I cooid urge, bav« 
reported to your Majesty an opinion on these NMtten, so preju'' 
dkiai to my hoooun and from wbieli I ean have «e appeal, to 
the laen ef the country, (becauae the ehargea, eonetituting ne 
iegal el&nee, cannot be made the ground of a judicial iiiqairy ;}^ 
Theae, and many etiier eireumstanees, eoaneeted with the length 
of the proceeding, which have cruelly aggravated to my feelhigs, 
the pain necessarily attendant upon this kiqoiry, I eh^ll not be 
able to refrun from stating, and urging, ae matters ef aeriouu 
lamentation at least, if not of well*groonded complaint. 

In commenting upon any part of the oireueMtanoes, whioh 
fiave occurred in the course of this Inquiry, whatever ohservatiena 
f may be eompetled to make upon uny ef them, I trust, I never 
shall forget what is due to efieers in high station, and employ- 
ment, under your Majesty, No apology, ther^fese, iJaabeee- 
squired Cmt any reaerve in any e i ^pr ss sl ona towards them. 9at 
^, in vindienting my innoeenee agaioet the injuatiee and maliee 
^ my enettlesy 1 sbotM appear to your Majesty not to expreas 



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1 



S40 

Miyielf, wHli all the wandth and indignation^ wkieh innA<senee« ^ 
UfoUy calumniated, mnst feel, your Majeaty wilt I trust, not 
atlribtfte ny forbearance to iiiHenaibility to the grie\'OHB injoriea 
I have eustained; bat wiH g^raeioasly be pleaeed to ascribe it 
to Ike restraint I Imvc imposed upon myself, lest in endeavoaring 
lo describe in just terms the motives, the conduct, the perjory, 
and all the foul circumstances, which characterize and eatablbh 
the malice of ray accusers, I roiglit use language, whick, though 
iMt unjustly applied to them, might be improper to be used, hy 
use, to any body, or unfit to be employed, by any body,.hnmbiy, 
respectfully, and dutifully addressing your Majesty. 
. That a fit opportunity has occurred for laying open my lieart 
to yo<ir Majeaty» peritaps, I shall^ hereafter, have no reaaon to 
lament. For more than two year% I had been informed, that, 
upon the presumption of some misconduct in me, ray behaviour 
had been made the subject of investigation, and my neighbours 
atod servants had been examined concerning it And for some 
time I had received mysterious and indistinct intimations, that 
some great mischief was meditated towards me. And, in all 
the circumstances of my very peculiar situation, it will not be 
thooght strange, that however conscious I was, that I had no just 
cause of fear, i should yet feel some uneuaioess on this account. 
Witli surprise certainly (because the first tidings were of a kind 
to excite surprise,) but without alarm, I received the intelligence, 
that, for some reason, a formal investigation of some parts of my 
conduct had been advised, and had actually taken place. Uis 
Royal Highness the Duke of Kent, on the 7lh of June, an* 
Dounced it to me. He ainionnced to me* the Princess of 
Wales, in the first communication made to me, with respect 
to this proceeding, the near approach of two attorniea (one 
W tliero, I since find, the solicitor employed b/ Sir John 
Douglas,} claiming to entejr my dwelling, with a warrant, to take 
away oue half of my household, for immediate examination upon 
H charge against myself. Of the nature of that charge, I was 
then uninformed. It now appears, it was the charge of high 
treason, cominitted in the infamous crime of adultery. His 
•Royal Ufghness, I am sure, will do me the joslice to represent 
toyoiir JMvje^y, that I betrayed no fear, Uiat I manifested ao 
symptoms of conscious gntit, that I sought no excuses to prepare, 
or to tutor, my servants for the examination which they werp 



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241 

to undergo. The only request which I made to iiic Royal High- 
iieas was, that he would hare the goodness to remain with me 
till my verraiits were gone; that he might bear witness, that 
I had no conTersation with them before they went. In truth, 
8lre, my anxieties, under a knowledge that some serious mischief 
was planning against me, and while I was ignorant of iu quality 
and extent, had been so great that I could (lot bat rejoice at an 
erent, which seemed to promise me an early opportunity of 
ascertaining what the malice of my enemies intended against me. 

It has not been, indeed, without impatience the most painful, 
that I have passed the inter?al, which has since elapsed. When 
once H was not only known to me, but to the world (for it was 
known to the world), that inquiry of the gravest nature had 
been instituted into ifiy conduct, I looked to the concluviou, wilh 
all the eagerness that could belong to an absolute conviction, tht^t 
my innocence, and my honour, to the disgrace and confusion of 
my accusen, would be established ; aud that the groundless 
malice, and injustice of the whole charge, would be manifested 
to the world as widely as the calumny had been circulated* I 
knew that the resuH of an exparte inquiry, from its yery i|ature« 
could not, unless it fully asserted my entire Innocence, be iu any 
degree just And I had taught myself most firmly to believe, that 
H was utterly impossibie, that any opinion, which could, in the 
smallest degree, work a prejudice to my honour and character, 
iCould ever be expressed in any terms, by any persons, in a report 
upon a solemn formal inquiry, and more especially to your 
Majesty* without my having some notice, and some opportunity 
of being heard. And I was convinced, that, if the proceeding 
allowed me, before an opinion was expressed, the ordinary means, 
which accused pereons have of vindicating their honour and their 
innocence, my honour and my innocence must, in any opinion, 
which could then be expressed, be fully vindicated, and effectually 
estabKsbed, What tlien, Sire, must have been fny astonishment, 
and my dismay, when I saw, that notwithstanding the principal 
aeeusation was found to be utterly false, yet some of the witnesses 
to \bose charges which were brought in support of the principai 
accusation; witnesses, w|iom, any person, interested to hav^ 
protected my character, would easily have shown, out of tlieir 
own months, to be utterly unworthy of credit, and confederates 
in foul conspiracy with my false accusera, are reported to b^ 

11. 2h 



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342 

** free from all taftpieiou of tiufavoarable biai ;'' tiieir veracity^ 
in the judgment of the CommUsionera, iiot to be 4|ue8tieaed; 
Bod tbeir iufamooB stories, and insiuuations against me, to ba 
" sacb as deserve the most serious coosideration, and as mast be 
credited till decisively contradicted.' ' 

The inquiry, after I thus bad notice of il, oontinaed for above * 
two months. I venture not to complain, as if it had been uUf* 
necessarily protracted. The important duties, and oSeial avoca- 
tions of the noble lords, appointed to carry it on, may naturally 
account for, and excuse, some delay. But however excusable it 
may have been, your Majesty will easily conceive the pais and 
anxiety, which this interval of suspense has occasioned; and 
your Majesty will not be surprised, if I further represent that 
I have found a great aggravation of my painful aoffering, in the 
delay which occurred in communicatiag the Report to me. For 
though it is dated on the A4th of July, I did not receive it, ootwiUt- 
standing your Majesty's gracious commands, till the 11th of 
August. It was due unqestionably to your Miyesty, that the 
lesult of an Inquiry, commanded by your Majesty, upon a^vice« 
which had been offered, touching matters of tbe highest import, 
should be first, and immediately, communicated to you. The 
respect and honour due to the Prince of Wales, the interest which 
}ie must necessarily have taken in this Inquiry, combined to make 
it indisputably fit, that the result should be forthwith also stated 
to his Royal Highness. I complain not therefore that it wa^ 
too early, communicated to any one: I complain only, (and I 
complain most seriously, for I felt it most severely) of the delay 
in its communication to me. 

Rumour had informed the world, that the Report had been 
early communicated to your Majesty, and to bis Royal Highneaa* 
1 did not receive the benefit, intended for me by your Msgesty's 
gracious command, till a month after tlie Report was signed. 
But the same rumour had represented me, to my infinite pre* 
judice, as in possession of the Report, during that month ; and 



* The time that Ihe Inquiry was pending, after this notice of 
it. it here confounded with the time which elapsed before the 
Report was communicated to her Royal Highrtess. The Inqtiiry 
itself only lasted to the 14th or 16th of July, which is but between 
five and six weeks from the 7th of June. 



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343 

the tMiiee of Ao9^, «bo irwhed to fltain thy honmir, has iioi 
Mied to ■ogg'eat all tlilil nialiee cnuld infer, from its reiRatoing 
n tkit poBteMioD, so Konsr onnoticed. May I be permitted to 
my, that, if the Report acquits «w, my inoocence entitled me to 
raoeire from those, to whom your Majesty^s commands had been 
giTeOf an immediate Dottfication of the fact that it did acquit 
meP That, if it condemned me, the weight of such a sentence 
•beiild not have been ieft to settle, in any mind, moch less upon 
y#ar Majeaty'a, for a month, before I could even beghi to prepare 
an answer, which, when begun, could not speedily be concluded; 
mod that, if tlie Report conld be represented as both acquitting 
moil otndemniug me, the reasons, which cuggeated the propriety 
of an early conMnunication in each of the foriher cases, combined 
t» make it proper and necessary in the latter. 

And wby aM consideration of my feelings was thus crneUy 
Boglectfld ; why I was kept upon the rack, during all this time, 
ignorant of the resnlt of a clmrge, whioh aflfecled my honour and 
aay life ; 'and why, especially in a case, where gtieh grave ibatterv 
vere to contiuoe to be " credited,'' to the prejudice of my honour, 
till they were *' deeidedly contradicted/' the means of knowing' 
what it was, that 1 most, at least, endeavour to contradict; were* 
withholden from me, a single unnecessary hour, 1 know not, auA 
I will not trust myself, in the attempt, lo conjecture. 

On the 11th of August, however, I at length received from the 
lord chancdior, a packet containing copies of the Warrant or 
Commission authorisiog the Ifiqurry ; of the Report; and of the 
Exaniinatioiis on which the Report was founded. And your 
Msjesty will be graciously pleased to recollect, that on the l«3lli 
I retomed my grateful thanks to your Majesty, for having ordered 
these papers to be sent to me. 

Your Majesty will readily imagine that, npon a subject of such 
importance, 1 oouU not venture to trust only to my own advice; 
and those with whom I advised, suggested, that the written 
Declarations or Charges, upon which the Inquiry bad proceeded, 
and which the Commissioners refer to in their Report, and re* 
present to be the essential foundation of the whole proceeding, 
did not accompany the Examinations and Report ; add also that 
the papers themselves were not authenticated. !» therefore, 
ventured to address your Majesty, upon these supposed defects 
in tlie communication, and humbly requested that the copies of 

2h2 



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244 

the papers, which I then retamed, might, after>eing txmioti, 
aod autheoticated, be again tranamiiled to me ; and that I might 
also be furnished with copies of the written Declaratfons, so 
referred to, in the Report. Aad my humble thanks are doe fer 
yoar Majesty's gracious compliance with my reqoest. On the 
99th of Augaat, I received, in consequence, the attested copiea 
of those Declarations, and of a narrative of his Royal Highness 
the Duke of Kent ; and a few days after, on the 8d of September, 
the attested copies of the Examinations which were taken befiue 
the Commissioners.* 

By the copy, which I have received, of the Commissien, or 
Warrant, under which the Inquiry has been prosecnted, it ap« 
pears to be an instrument under your Majesty's Sign Manual, 
not countersigned, not under any seal. — ^It recites, that aa 
abstract of certain written Declarations, touching my CQudact, 
(without specifying by whom those Declarations, were made, or 
the nature of the matters, touching which they had been made, 
or even by whom the abstract had been prepared,) had been laid 
before your Ms^esty; into the truth of which it purports to 
- authorize the four noble Peers, who are named in it, to inquire 
and to examine upon oath, such persons as they think fit ; and to 
veport to your Majesty the result of their Examination. By re- 
ferring to the written Declarations, it appears that they contain 
allegations against roe, amounting to the charge of high treason^ 
and also other matters, which, if understood to be, as they seem 
to have been acted and reported upon, by the Cammissioner^ 
not as evidence confirmatory (as they are expressed to be in their 
title) of the principal charge, but as distinct and substantive 
subjects of examination, cannot, as I am advised, be represented 
as in law amounting to crimes. How most of the Declarations 
referred to were collected, by whom, at whose solicitation, under 
what sanction, and before what persons, magistrates or others, 
tbey were made, does not appeal*. By the title, indeed, whick 
all the written Declarations, except Sir John and Lady Douglas's 
bear 9 viz. '* That they had been taken for the purpose of con- 



♦ Her Royal Highness next merely enumerates the names and 
dates of the several papers she had received; and on which she 
would have occasion to remark. 



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246 

Lady Doi^glift'c flWmeal/' it may be coIUcted thai 
tbey had been laacle by h»ri or at least by Sir John Douglas's 
pfQCvmneaL And Ihe eteclnding passage of one of them, I 
■eaa IIm fourth declaration of W, Cole, strengthens this opinion^ 
as it represents Sir John Douglas^ accompaaied by his solicitor, 
Mr. Lowlen, to have gone down aa for as Cheltenham for the 
exaainatioa of two of the witnesses whose declarations are there 
staled. I am, however, at a loss to know, at this moment, whom I 
mm to consider, or whom I conld legally fix on, as my false fwcuser« 
— ^FfOfli the eircnmstance last mentioned, it might be inferred, 
tlmi Sir Johw and Ijtdy Douglas, or one of them, is that accwier. 
Bsl Lady Donglas, in her written Declaration, so for from re* 
fKaenting the information which she then gives, as movin|^ 
wolnntarily from herself, expressly states that she gives it under 
the direct command of his Royal Highness the Prince of Walev, 
and the papers leave me without information, from whom any 
oomSMMcatiou to the Prinoe originated, which indqced hint 
to give such commands. 

Upon the 9aeslions, how far the advioe is agreeable to law, 
under which it was recommended to your Majesty to issuo 
this Warrant or Commission, not coantorsigned, nor under seal^ 
sad without any of your Majesty's advisers, therefore, being, oa 
the foce of i^ responsible for its issuing, I am dot competent to 
detormine. And, undoubtedly, considering that the two high 
legal anthorities, the lord chancellor, and the lord chief justice of 
the King's Bend), consented to act under it, it is with ther 
greatest donbt and diffidence, that I can bring myself to express' 
any suspicion of its illegality. But if it be, as I am given to 
anderstond it is, opei^ to question, whether, consistently with 
law, your Majesty should have been advised to commaud, by this 
'Warrant or Commission, persons, not to act in any known 
character, as secretaries of state, as privy counsellors, as 
anagistrates otherwise empowered ; but to act, as Commissioners, 
and under the sole authority of such warrant, to inquire (without 
any authority to hear and determine any thing upon the subject 
of those Inquiries,) into the known crime of high treason, undev 
the sanction of oaths, to be admiuistered by theyi, as such Com- 
saissiouers, and to report the result thereof to your Majesty. If, 
I say, there can be any question upon the legality of such a 
Warrant or Commission^ the extreme hardship with which it has 



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!M6 

operated opoa me, the «ttreiM pniaiBod wftkrii it (mm d«M tr 
my character, and to which aucfa a prooevAng iMiat e^et eipoM 
Uie peraon who is the object of it» oUigea me, till 1 am Atfly 
coofinced of its legality* to forliear from aekaewled^ag ito 
authority ; and, with all humility apd de^eretioe to yo«r Mijeaiy, 
to protest against it, and against all the proceediugs under it* 

If this, todeed, were matter of mere form, I should be aabamed 
to urge it. B«t the actual hardship and prejodice which I bate 
saliemi, by ,this proceeding, are most obf ions* For, npoa Um 
principal charge agaihst me, the Comfflisaioncrs faa?e most aaHa^ 
lactorily, and *' without the ksast beeitation,'' for sweb la tbeir 
expression, reported their opinion of its falsehood. Sir Job« aid 
Lady Douglas, therefore, who have sworn to ita tratb, have beea 
guilty of the plainest falsehood ; yet, upon the auppoeitioD of the 
iUegaltty of this Commission, tbeir falsehood most, as I ami 
iaformed, go unpunished. Upon that awppeaition, the want of 
legal authority in the Commissioners to tnqnire and to admiMsler 
an oath, fill render it impossible to give to this fal o e b o od ti»^ 
character of perjury. But this is by no means th^ cireomstMice 
which I feel the most severely. Beyond tlie vindicating of my 
own character, and the consideration of providing for my fulsro 
security, I con assure your Majesty, that the punishment of Bir 
John and Lady Douglas would aflbrd roe no satisfaction. It in 
Bot, therefore, with regard to that part of the charge, which is 
Negatived, but with respect to those, which are sanctioned by 
the Report, those, which, not aiming at my life, exhaust them- 
kmives apou my character, aud which the Commissioners, have, 
m some measure, sanctioned by tlieir Report, that I have th« 
greatest reason to complain. Had the J^port sanctioned the 
principal charge, constituting a known legal crime, my innocence 
WFOold have emboldened nie, at all risk, (and to more, no person 
liaa ever been exposed from the malice and falsehood of accusers) 
to have demanded that trial, which ooirld legally determiue upon 
the truth or falseliood of such charge. Though I should even 
then indeed have had some ctiuse to complain, because I should 
have gone to that trial, under the prejudice, necessarily raised, 
against me, by tkat Report ; yet in a proceeding before the juat, 
open, and known tribunals of yoor Majesty's iLiagdotn, I should 
have had a safe appeal from the reault of an ex-parie iuvestiga* 
Hen. An investigation which has exposed me to all the hard* 



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•bipft ef • 9€C9^ laqairy, wit^iooi giving me tbe beneit odecrecy; 
Mrf to all ilie M¥ere ooosequeneieii of a puWk iriTeBtigalioa in 
poiot of injtti^ to iny cbaraeler^ mithoqt aibrdiag mo aliy of ita 
aahataatial benefiU ia poiat of aecority, Bui ibe eharges, which 
the Commiaaiooera do aaneiiQa by their Report, deacribing 
thaaa, atith a myatariotta obscurity.. aiid iodefiaile geaeratity, 
oonatitote, aa I am told, no legal crime. They are described 
aa '* iaalaaeea of great impn>prtety aod indacancy of behaviom*/* 
vUeh maat " occasioQ the moat aafijLfdurable interpretationa/^ 
aid they are reported to year Mi^'eaty; and they are staled la 
he, '* cureomstencas which moat be oredHad till they are decisively 
OHilradicted.'' 

From this apinioB* this judgment of the Coramiasiooera, 
bearing ao hai4 npoa my character; (and that a female 
chaeaetar, how delicate, and how easily to be affected by the 
breath of calamny yoor Majesty well knows) I can have no 
For, as the chargea eonstitate no legal crimes, they 
be the aoljjects of any legal trial. I can call for no 
trial. I can therefore have no appeal; I can look for no ac« 
faiHaL Yet this opinion, or this judgment^ from which I can 
have no appeal, baa been pronounced against me upon mere 
tx-parte investigation. 

Thia hardship, Sire, I am told to ascribe to the nature of the 
proceeding under this Warrant or Commissioa ; for had . the 
Inquiry been entered into before your Majesty's .privy council, 
or before any magistrates, authorized by law as such, to inquire 
into the existence of treason, the, known course of proceeding 
before that council, or such magistrates, the known extent of 
their jurisdiction over crimes, and not over the proprieties of 
behavionr, would have preserved me from tbe possibility of 
having matters made the sulyects of inquiry which had in law no 
•abatantive criminal character, and from the extreme hardship of 
having my reputation injured by calumny altogether unfounded^^ 
bat rendered at once more safe to my enemies, and more injurious 
to me, by being uttered, in the course of a proceeding, aasuming 
the grave sembbnce of legal form. And it is by tlie nature of 
this proceeding, (which conld alone have countenanced or 
admitted of this licentious latitude of inquiry, into the proprieties 
of behaviour in private life, with which no court, no magistrate, 
no public law baa any authority to interfere) that I have been 



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deprived of the benefit of that entire and noqnalified aeqnilta} and 
discharge from thia accusation, to which the otter and prored 
felsebood of the accusation itaelf so justly entitled me. 

I trust therefore that your Majesty will see that if this pitK 
ceeding is not one to which, by the known kwa of yonr Majesty's 
kingdom, I ought to be subject, that it is no oold formal ebjeetioa 
which leads me to protest against it. 

1 am ready to acknowledge. Sire, from the conaeqnmiees which 
might arise to the public; from snch misconduct as hare beew 
falsely imputed to me, that my honour and Kirtoe are of mora 
importance to the state than those of other women. That my 
conduct therefore may be fitly subjected, when necessary, to a 
severer scrutiny. But it cannot follow, because my character is 
of more importance, that it may therefore be attacked with mora 
impunity. And as I know that this mischief has been pendiQ^ 
over my head for more than two years, that private examinations 
of my neighbours' servants, and of my own, have, at times, during 
that interval, been taken, for the purpose of establishing chaifea 
against me, not indeed by the instrumentality of Sir John and 
Lady Douglas alone, but by the sanction, and in the presencs 
of the fiarl of Moira (as your Majesty will perceive by the 
deposition of Jonathan Partridge which I subjoin*) ; and as I 
know also, and can make appear to yonr Majesty likewise, by the 
aame means, that declarations of persons of unquestionable credit. 



* The deposition of Partridge does not possess any features of 
great Interest ; sUting merely, that having been informed-4re was 
wanted at Lord Moira's, he accordingly went to his Lordship's 
house on the King's birth-day, 1804; when his Lordship asked 
deponent if he remembered the Princess coming to Belvidere 
sometime before; to which he replied that he did remember her 
Boyal Highness coming, together with two or three ladies, and a 
gentleman on horseback ; that they merely looked at the pictures, 
and lunched there ; that they never went up stairs; nor did they 
stay above an hour, or an hour and a quarter. This was all the 
deponent had to say ; he was, however, afterwards; again sent for 
by bis Lordship, to know if he, the deponent, was sure of what he 
had said being all that he could say respecting the Princess, whicJi 
was answered in. the afiirmative, and (hat the deponent was ready 
to take his oath of it, if his Ix>rdshlp thought proper. 

This deponent was sworn, before Mr. I^acb, at the county 
court of Middlesex, in Full wood's Rents, September 35th, 1806, 



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r#tpcctiiig my conduct attestiag my innocence, and directly hU 
sifying « most imporUnt eircnmstance respecting my supposed 
pregnancy, mentioned in tlie declarations on which the ln4|uiry 
was inslitnted ; as I know, I Kay, that those declarations, so fa- 
voorable to me, appear, to my infinite prejudice, not to have been 
cMDmonicated to yoor Majesty when that Inquiry was commanded ; 
and as I know not how soon nor how often proceedings against mo 
nay be meditated by my enemies, I take leave to express my 
hamble trnst, tliat, before any other proceedings may be had 
against me, (desirable as it may have been thonghttbat the ln« 
qniry aKoold have been of the nature which has,, in this instance, 
obtained,) your Majesty would he graciously pleased to require to 
be advised, whether my guilt, if I were guilty, could not be as 
, eilbetaally discovered and punished, and my honour and innocence^ 
if innocent, be more effectoally secured and established by other 
more known and regular modes of proceeding. . 

Having therefore, Sire, upon these grave reasons, ventured to 
submit, I trust without offence, these considerations upon the na« 
lure of the Commission, and the proceedings under it, I will now 
proceed to observe upon the Report, and the Examinations ; and, 
with •your Majesty's permission, I will go through the whole 
natter, in that course which has been observed by the Report it- 
seiC and which an examination of the important matters that it 
contains, in the order in which it states them, will naturally 
Boggest. 

The Report, after referring to the commission or warrant und^r 
which their Lordships were acting, after stating that they had 
proceeded to examine the several witnesses, whose depositions 
they annexed to their Report, proceeds to state the effect of the 
written declarations, which the Commissioners considered as the 
essential foundation of the whole proceeding. " That they were 
statements wlrich had been laid before his Royal Highness the 
Prince of Wales, respecting the conduct of her Royal Highness 
the Princess ; that these statements not only imputed to her Royal 
Highness great impropriety and indecency oC behaviour, but ex* 
pressly asserted, partly on the ground of certain alledged decla- 
rations from the Princess's own mouth, and partly on the personul 
ebserration of the informants, the fbllowing most important facts; 
viz. that her Royal Highness had been pregnant in the year I8O29 
sft conse^eni^e of an illicit intercourse ; and that she had in i\\% 

u. 21 

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260 

tame year been aecretlj delivered of a male child ; mldth cUU 
had ever since thai period been brought up by her Uoyal Higbn^aa 
in her own house, and und«r her immediata inapedion. Tbeaa 
allegati(»ntt, thus made> had« as the Coouniasiouers found, bcMUi 
followed by declarations from other persons, who bad not indeed 
spoken to the important lacts of the pregnancy or delivery of bee 
Royal Highness, but bad related otbor particalars, in themaeWoa 
extremely suspicious^ and still more so, when cfnaected with tlie 
assertions already mentioned. The Report then s^tea, that, in 
the painful situation in wbich his Royal Uigbnesa was placed by 
these declarations^ they learut that he had adopted the only course 
which could, in their judgment, with propriety be followed, when 
informations such as these had been thus confidently alledged and 
particularly detail^, and bad, in some degree, been supported bjr 
collateral evidence, applying to other points of the same nature, 
(though going to a far less extent,) one line could only be pu|r« 
sued. 

. " Every sentiment of duty to your Majesty, and of concern for 
the public welfare, required that these particuUrs should not be 
withheld from your Majesty, to whom more particularly belonged 
the cognizance of a matter of state so nearly touching the honomr 
of your Majesty's Royal family, and by poaaibi)ity afltectiug the 
auccei^sion to your Majesty's crown." 

The Commissioners, therefore, youc Mi^esty observes, goingi 
they must permit me to say, a little out of their way, begin their 
Report by expressing a clear and decided opinion that his Royal 
Highness was prop; riy advised (for your Majesty will undoubtedly 
conclude, that, vpon a subject of this importance, his Royal Highr 
ness could not but have acted by the advice of others,) in referring 
this complaint to your Majesty, for the purpose of its undergoing 
the investigation whiph has followed. And, unquestionably, if tb^ 
4iharge referred lo in this Report, as made by Sir John and Ladj 
Douglas, bad been presented ander circumstances in which any 
reaiionable decree of credit could be given to them, or even if they 
bad not been presented in such a manner as to impeach the credit 
pf the informers, and to bear internal evidence of their own in* 
credibility, J ithouhi be tlie hist person who would be disposed to 
dispute tlie wisdom of the advice wbich led to make them the 
uibject of the gravest and most anxious Inquiry. And your Ma^ 
jesty, acting upon a more abstract of the dedarationa, which waa 



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dt tiiat, by ^ I'^cfla) of the warrftnt/ appears to have been laid 
before yoar Majesty, undoubtedly could not but direct an Intjuiry 
«»iieernin^ my conduct. For though I ha?e not been rurnished 
#tth thst abatract, yet I mast preaiHne that it deacribed the cri- 
Brinalory contents of these dectaratione, rou«h in the sauie manner 
aft Uiey are stated in the Report And tl>e criminatory parts of 
these deetarationa, if viewed without reference to those traces of 
dwlke and reaeulinent, with which the declarations of Sir John 
and Lady Douglaa abound ; if abstracted from all these circum* 
afaaoes, which show the extreme improbability of the story, the 
length of tisM wfaidi my accuser had kept my allcflt^^ed guilt con- 
cealed, the contradictions observable in the declarations of the' 
other witnesses, alt which, I submit to your Majesty, are to an 
extent to cast the greater discredit upon the truth of these de* 
ebrmtiMis; — ahatract^, I say, from these circumstances, the cri- 
waatory parts of them were anqaestionably such as to have placed 
year MijeaCy eaderthe n^easity of directing aome Inquiry con- 
eeraing them. But thai those who had the opportunity of reading- 
the long and malevolent narration of Sir John and Lady Douglatf 
lAiopid not have hesitated before tliey gave any credit to it, is 
matter of tiie great<^t astonishment to me. 

The improbability of the story woiild of itself, I should iiave 
imagined (unless they believed roe to be as insane as Lady Doug- 
las ieaiauales,) have been sufficient to have staggered the belief o^ 
•ny enprejndtced mind. For to believe that story, they were to 
begin wtlh believing that a person guilty of so foul a crime, so 
k^My penal, ao fatal io her honour, her atation, and her life, 
aiweM gaatuitously, and uselessly, have confessed it Such a 
pe ieon, nnder the neeesaity of concealing her pregnancy, might 
have been indispeBsably obliged to couftde her secret with those 
te whom she was to leek for assistance in concealing its conse- 
qneneea. But Lady Douglas, by hdf-ewe account, was informed 
by me of this fact for no purpose whatever. She makes me, as 
these who read her declarations cannot fail to have observed, state 
to lier, that she should, on no account, be intrusted with any part 
ef the management by which the birth was to be concealed. They 
were to believe also, that, anxious as I must have been to have 
eeneealed the birth of any soch child, I had determined to bring 
it ep in my own house ; and what would exceed, as I should ima- 
gine^ the extent of all human credulity, that i had determined to' 

2 t2 



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262 

MckU it myself: that I had laid my plaif, if dii€evci«d, to lltfe 
imposed it upon his Royal Highness as his chiliL Nay. they woe 
to believe that I had slated, and thai Lady DoQglaa bad believ«A 
the statement to be truer that I had in fact attempted to suckle 
it, and only gave up that part of my plan because it made me nenr- 
ous^ and was too much for my healths . And alter all this, they 
vere then to believe, thai having made Lady Douglas, thus unaeeea- 
aarily, the confidant of this most important and dangerous secrtf ; 
having thus put my character and my life in her bands, I sought aa 
<Kca8ion, wantonly, and without provocationi from the mere fickle- 
ness and wilfulness of my own mind, to quarrel with her, to inaatt 
bcr openly and violently in my own house, to endeavour to rum her 
reputation, to expose her in infieimous and indecent drawiiiga en* 
closed in letters to her husband. The lettera indeed are repra- 
sented to have been anonynMus; but» though anoAymeiia» they 
are stated to have been written with my own haod, so nndisguiaed 
in penmanship and style, that every one who had the least ac- 
quaintance with either could dbi fail to discover them ; and (as if 
it were through fear lest it should not be sufficiently plain from 
whom they came) that I had sealed them with a seal which I had 
shortly before used on an occasion of writing to her husband. All 
this they were to. believe upon the declaration of a person who, 
with all that loyalty and attachment which she expresses to your 
Mi^esly, and his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, with all 
ner obligation to the whole Royal Family, (to whom she expresaea 
herself to be bound by ties of respectful regard and attachment 
which nothing can ever break,) with all her dread of the mischiev* 
ous consequences to the country which might arise from the dis- 
puted succession to the Crown, on the pretensions of an illegitimate 
child of mine, nevertheless continued, after this supposed avowal 
of my infamy, and my crime, after my supposed acknowledgOMat 
of the birlh of this child, which was to oocasiou all thia miaehief, 
to preserve, for near a twelvemonth, her intimacy and apparent 
friendship with me : nay, for two years more, after that intimacy 
had ceased, afler that friendship had been broken off, by my al* 
leJged misbehaviour to her, continued still faithful to my aecret, and 
never disclosed it till (as her declaration states it) '' The Priaoess 
of Wales recommenced a freah torrent of outrage againat Sir John* 
and Sir John discovered Umt she was attempting to OKdenniiie his 
and Lady Douglaa'a character/' 



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Those, tlkeiii who had the opportdhily of ^seeing the whole of 

Uiis Namiive, baYing had their jealousy awakened by these oii^ 

OMMtances to the improbability of the story, and to the diseredii 

of the informer, when they came to observe how malioiooaly every . 

circomataDoe that imagination could suggest, as most calculated la 

nake a woman oontemptibie and odious, was scraped and heaped 

u|i together in this Narrative, roust surely have had their eyes 

opened to the motives of my accusers, and their minds cautioned 

against giving too easy a credit to their accuaatioo, when tfaej 

(bond ny conversation to be represented as most loose and infa* 

noiis; my mind uninstnicted, and unwilling to leani; my Km- 

giiage, with regard to your Majesty, and the whole of your Royal 

I Family, ibally disrespectful and offensive; and all my manners 

I «nd habits of life most disgusting, I should have flattered myself 

I that 1 coaid not have been, in character, so wholly unknown to 

I them, but that they most have observed a spirit, and a colouring 

I at least in this representation, which most have proved much mors 

againat the disposition and charlcter of the informers, and the 

I ^aality of their information, than against the person who was the 

I object of their charge. But when', in addition to all this, the 

Declaration states that I had, with respect to my unfortunate and 

calamitotts separation from his Royal Highness, stated that 1 had 

acknowledged myself to have been the aggressor from the begin* 

sing, and myself. alone; and when it further stales, that if any 

other woman had so played and sported with her husband's com* 

fori and popularity, she wonhl have been turned out of his house, 

or le(t alone in it, and have deservedly forfeited her place in 4^ 

cw«y ; and further still, when, alledging that i had once been de« 

siroos of procuring a separation from fais Royal Highness, and 

bad pressed former cbanceilora to accomplish this purpose, it dip* 

pantiy adds, that " The chancellor may now perhaps be able to 

grant her request,'' the malicious object of the whole nuist surely 

liave been most obvious. 

For supposing these facts to have been all true; supposing this 
iofomoos and libellous description of my character bad been no« 
thing but a correct and faithful representatiou of my vices and my 
iufomy, would it not have been natural to have asked why tliey 
were introduced into this DecUratioii ? What effect could they 
have had upon the charge of crime, and of adultery, which it was 
intended lo establish P If it was only in executiou of a painful 



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iQij, which a sense of loyalty to yoar Majesty, and oMIenoe is 
the coamiaiida of tbe Prince of Wales, at length reinetantiy drew 
ttom them, why sll ibis malicioiM accomfMniment f «< liis R<>yal 
liighness,'' indeed Ihey say, " desired that they woold comnMuit- 
eafte the whole circoinstance of their aafoaiotance with me, from- 
the day they 6fst spoke with me tiH the present time ; a foil de* 
tail of all that passed during our aoquaintaace," and '* how they 
became known to me, it appearing to his Royal Highness, Aronv 
the represenlatioo of his Royal Highness the Duke of Sassex,- 
that his Majesty's dearest interests, and those of this eonolry, 
were very deeply interested in the qaastion,'' and " that he par* 
ticularly commanded them to be very ciroMnstaatial in their detaii 
lespecting all they might kaow relative to the child that I affected 
to adopt" 

But from the whole of tliis it is anffieiently apparent tha* the 
particularity of this detail was repaired, by bis Royal Higliacss, 
in respect of matters connected with that qaesiion, in whicli the 
dearest iiiteresU of your Majes^r and this country were involrod; 
and not of circumstances which ooold have no bearing on those 
interests. If it had been thcj^Aire true, as I asost aolemoly pro* 
test it is not, tliat I had, in tbe confidence of private coaversa* 
tion, 60 fyn forgot all sense of decency, loyalty, and gratitude, as 
to have expressed myself with that disrespuct of your Majesty 
which is imputed to me ; — if I had been, what I trust those who^ 
have lived with me^ or ever have partaken of my society, would' 
not confirm, of a mind so uninformed and uncnitivated, witliont 
education or talents, or without any desire of improving myseK, 
incapaple of employment, of a temper so furious and violent aa 
altogether to form a character which no one coukt bear to live with 
mho had the meaiis of living elsewhere, — what possible progress 
would all this make towards proving that I was guilty of adultery ? 
These, and such like insinuations, as false as they are malicioaa, 
could never have proved crime in me, however mantfestly they 
might display the malice of my accusers. 

Most it not then have occurred to any one who had seen the 
whole of this Narrative, if the motive of my accusers was, as they . 
represent it, merely that of good patriots, of attached and loyal 
subjects, bound, in execution of a painful daty» impoaed upon 
them by his Royal Highnesa the Prince of Wales^ to disclose, in 
detail, M the facts which oenld establish my gailt, that theec( 



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«kea«staiOM never veold have made a part of their iMA ? But^ 
OS Ihe other hand, if their object was W traduce me,— ^if, falsely 
allrihuting to his Royal Highoess seniioieBts which eould beloiif 
to BO geaiereus bosom, but roeasorinf his nature -by their owti» 
Ihey tbooght, vainly and wickedly, to ingratiate themselvea with 
hin, by being the instruments of accomplishing ray ruin;— if 
aiming at depriving me of my rank and station, pr of driving ma 
fram this eonntry, they determined to bring forward a charge of 
treason against me, which, though they knew in their consciences 
it waa fidse, yet they might hope would serve at least as a cover 
and a pretenee for such au imputation upon my character, as, ren* 
^eriqg my life intolerable in this country, might drive me to wA 
a refold in another ; if, the better to effectuate this purpose, they 
bad represented all my misfortoues as my feuUs, and my faults 
alone, drawn an odious and disgusting picture of me, to extin* 
guish every sentiment of pity and compassion which, in the gene» 
Dssity, not only of your Majesty's royal bosom, and of the memhera 
of year Royal Family, but of all tite inhabitants of your kingdom* 
might arise to commiserate the unfortunate situation of a stranger 
persecuted under a charge originating in their malice ; — if for this 
(hey flung out that I had justly forfeited my staliou in society^ 
and that a separalion from, my husband was what I myself had 
once wished, and wliat the cliancellor might now perhaps procure 
lor me ;-*or if, in short, their object was to obtain my condemiia^ 
tion by prejudice, inflamed by falsehood, which never could be 
obtained by justice, informed by truth, thefi the whole texture of 
the declaration is consistent, and it is well contrived and exe* 
catcd fiur its purpose. But it is strange that its purpose should 
have escaped the detection of intelligent and impartial minds. 
There was enough at least to have made them pause before they 
gave am^ a degree of credit to informations of this desoHptioa^ 
ps to hav« made them the foundations of so importatit and deci* 
sive a step aa that of advising them to be laid before your Ma«> 

And, indeed, such seems to have been the efiect which this de* 
etaration at ficst produced. Because if it bad been believed, the 
only thing to have been done (according to the judgment of 
Ike Commissioners) would have been to have laid it immediately 
More your Majesty, to whom, upon every principle of duly, the 
communication was due. But the declaration was made ou tiie 



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266 

Srd of Deeember, id the last year, and the commanication was not 
made to your Majesty till the very end of May. And tliat iiH 
lerval appears to have been employed in collecting those otb^r 
additional declarations which are referred to in the Report, and 
which your Majesty has likewise been pleased, by your gracioow 
commands, to have communicated to me. 

These additional declarations do not, I submit, appear to far* 
nish much additional reason for believing the Incredible story. 
They were .taken indeed " for the purpose,^' (for they are w» 
described ; this is the title which is prefixed to them in the air« 
thentic copies with which I have been furnished,) " for the pufi- 
pose of confirming the statement made by Lady Douglas of the 
circumstances mentioned in her narrative;" and they are the ex* 
aminations of two persons, who appear to have formerly lived tft 
tlio family of Sir John and Lady Douglas, and of several servants 
of my own ; they are filled with the hearsay details of other aer* 
irants' declarations. And one of them, W. Cole, seems to have 
been examined over and over*again. No less than four of his 
examinations are given, and some of them evidently refer to other 
examinations of his, which are not given at all. 

These, I submit to your Majesty, are rendered, from this marked 
circumstance, particularly undeserving of credit; becaiiae. In the 
only instance in which the hearsay statement related to one aer* 
vant was followed by the examination of the other, who was stated 
to have made it, (I mean an instance in which Cole relates what 
lie ha<l heard said by P. Lloyd,) F. Lloyd does not appear to 
have said any such thing, or even to have heard what she is by 
Mm related to have sa!id ; and she relates the (act that she really 
did bear, stripped of all the particulars with which Cole had oo* 
loured it, and which alone made it in any degree deserving to be 
mentioned. Besides this, the parents of the child whioh ie 
ascribed to me by Lady Douglas are plainly pointed out, and a 
clue is afforded, by which, if followed, it would have been as easy 
to have ascertained that that child was no child of mine, (if in« 
deed it ever had been seriously believed to bo so,) and lo have 
proved whose child it was before the appointment of the CoaiiMs* 
sioners as it had been found to be afterwards. 

So far, therefore, from concurring with the Commisaionera ie 
approving the advice under whieh his Royal Highness had acled» 
1 conceive it to have been at least cruel and inconsiderate to have 



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257 

adrbml the tnntroisdoD of such « cbttf e to yoar Majesty till 
they had ezhmisied all the means which private inquiry cooid 
lutre affiyrded te ascertain its falsehood or ito truth. 

And when ii appears, that it was eot thought necessary, open 
the first sUteneut of li, as the Commissioners seemed to have ima<> 
gined, forthwith to transmit it toyosr Majesty, hat it was reUioed 
for near six moatha, from the hei^inniog of December till near the 
end of May, what is due to myself oWiges me to state, tlwt if 
there had bat been, in that interval, half the t;idustry employed 
to remove suspictoos which was exerted to raise them> there would 
never have existed a necessily for troubling your Majesty with 
thisft charge at all. 1 beg to he nnderstood aa impatiug this solely 
to the advice given to his Royal Highness. He must, of neces* 
sity, have left the detail and Uie determination upon this business 
io others. And it is evident to me, from what I now know, that 
liis Royal Highness was not fairly dealt with ; that material io- 
/ormation was obtained to disfirove part of the case against me, 
which net appearing in the declarations that were transmitted to 
yo«r Majesty, I conclode waa never commnnicated to his Royal 
Highness. 

Feeling, Sire, strongly, that I have much to complain of, that 
this foal charge slionid have been so readily credited, to my great 
prejudice, as to have ocoaaiooed that advice to be given which re* 
commeiided the transmission of it to yoar Majesty, (who, once 
fbmally in poaseasion of it, coold not (ail to sabject it to some 
inquiry,) I have dwelt, perhaps, at a tedious length, in disputing 
the propriety of the Commissioners' jod^meiit in thus approving 
the aoorse which was pursued ; and, looking to the event, and all 
the dreumstances connected with it, perhaps I have reason to re- 
joioe that the Inquiry has taken place. For if three years' con^ 
oealment of my supposed crime could not impeach the credit of 
my accusers, three times that period might perhaps be thought to 
have left that creditstill unimpaired. And had the false charge been 
delayed till death had taken away the real parents of the child, 
whieh Lady Douglas cliarges to be mine ; if time had deprived me 
of those servants and attendants who have been able so fully to 
disprove the fact of my alledged pregnancy, I know not where f 
could have found the means of disproving facts and diarges ao 
fttlsely, 00 confidently, ami positively sworn to, as those which 
Lady Douglas has attested. 

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258 

Following, as I proposed, the coupr* Ulcen in the Report, I 
next come to that part of it to which unquestionably 1 must recur 
with the greatest satisfaction ; because it is that part which so 
completely absojyes me of every possible suspicion upon the two 
mnterial charges of preg;nancy and child-birtli. 

The Commissioners state, in their Report, that they began by 
examining, " on oalh, the two principal informants. Sir John and 
Lady Douglas, who both positively swore, the former to his having 
observed the fact of pregnancy, and the latter to all the important 
particulars contained in her former declaration, and above referred 
to. Their examinations are annexed to the Report, and are cir- 
cumstantial and positive/^ The most material of " the allega- 
tions, into the truth of which tliey had been directed to inquire, 
being thus far supported by the oath of the parties from whom 
they had proceeded,'' they state, " that they felt it their duty to 
follow up the Inquiry by the examination of such other persons as 
they judged best able to afford them information as to the facts in 
question." " We thought it," they say, " beyond all douht, that 
in this course of Inquiry many particulars must be learnt which 
would be necessarily conclusive on the truth or falsehood of these 
declarations. So many persons must have been witnesses to the 
appearances of an actual existing pregnancy, so many circum- 
stances must have been attendant upon a real delivery, and diffi- 
culties so numerous and insurmountable must have been involved 
in any attempt to accouut for the infant iu question, as the child 
of another woman, if it had been in fact the child of the Princess, 
that we entertained a full and confident expectation of arriving at 
complete proof, either in the affirmative or negative, on this part 
of the subject." *' This expectation," they proceeded to statet, 
" was not disappointed. We are happy to declare to your Ma« 
jesty our perfect conviction that there is no foundation whatever 
for believing iliat the child now with the Princess is the child of 
her Royal Highness, or that she was delivered of any child in the 
year 1802; nor has any thing appeared to us which would warrant 
the belief that she was pregnant in that year, or at any other pe- 
riod within the compass of our inquiries." They then proceeil 
to refer to the circumstantial evidence, by which they state that 
it was proved that the child was, beyond all doubt, born in firowa- 
low-street Hospital, on llth July, 1802, of the body of Sophia 
Austin, and brought to my house in the month of November fbl« 



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259 

lowing.—'' Neither sbould we," Ihey add, " be more warranted 
In ezpreiaiiig finy doubt .respectiog the alledged pregnancy of the 
Princess, as stated in the original declarations ; a fact so fully 
contradicted, and by so many witnesses, to whom, if true, it roost, 
io Tarious ways, have been known, that we cannot think it en- 
titled to the smallest credit.'" Then, after stating that they have 
aDnexed the depositions from which they have collected these opi- 
nions, they add — ^' We humbly offer to your Majesty our clear 
and unanimous judgment upon Ihem, formed on full deliberation, 
and pronounced without hesitation, on the result of the whole 
Inquiry." 

These two most important facts, therefore, which are charged 
against me, being so fully and satisfactorily disposed of by the 
uoanioiotts and clear judgment of the Commissioners ; being so 
fully and completely disproved by the evidence which the Com- 
missioners collected, 1 might, perhaps, in your Majesty's judg- 
ment, appear well justified in passing them by without any obser- 
vation of mine. But though the observations which I shall make 
shall be very few, yet I cannot forbear just dwelling upon this 
part of the case for a few minutes; because, if I do not much de- 
odve. myself, upon every principle which can govern the human 
mind, in the investigation of the truth oi any charge, the fate of 
this part of the accusation must have decisive weight upon the 
determioation of the remain<ler. I therefore must beg to remark, 
that Sir John Douglas swears to my having appeared, some time 
^fter our acquaintance had commenced, to be with child, and that 
oae day I leaned on the sofa, and pot my hand upon my stomach, 
and said, " Sir John, I shall never be Queen of England ;" and 
he said, " not if you don't deserve," and I seemed angry at 
firsL 

This conversation, I apprehend, if it has the least relation to 
the siiibject on which Sir John was examined, must be given for 
the purpose of iusinyating that I made an allusion to my preg- 
nancy, as if there was a sort of understanding between him and 
me upon the subject, and that he made me angry by an expression 
which implied that what I alluded to would forfeit my right to be 
Queen of £ugland. — If this is not the meaning which Sir John 
intends to be annexed to this conversatiou, 1 am perfectly at a 
lass to conceive what he can intend to convey.— ^Whether at any 
time, when I have felt myself unwell, I may have used the ex- 

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preaiioii whieH lie here imf ates to rae, my mfinoiy wtll not enaMe^ 
me, with the lo&st degree of certainty, to state. The vovd^ 
themselves seem to me to be perfectly iiiiiocent ; and tiw aciioo 
of laying my hand opon my breast, if occasioned by any saaae of 
interiial pain at the moment, neither unnatural, nor, as H appear* 
tea me, in any way censurable. But that I could have used tkeaa 
words, intending to convey to Sir John Douglas Ilia neania^ 
which I suppose him to insinuate, surpasses all baauia credaliftj 
to believe. I could not, however, forbear to notice tbia paasage 
in Sir John's examination, because it must serve ta demonstrate 
to your Majesty how words, in themselves most innocent, are eiw 
deavoured to be tortured, by being brought into the context with 
his opinion of my pregnancy, to convey a meaning most contrary 
to that which I could by possibility have intended to convey» bat 
which it was necessary that he should impute to me, to give tka 
better colour to this false arcusatian. 

As to Sir John Douglas^ however, when he swears to the ap- 
pearance of my pregnancy, he possibly might be only miatakeii. 
Not that mistake will excuse or diminish the guilt of so scaada* 
lotts a falsehood upon oath. But for Lady Douglas there canpot 
be even such an excuse. Independent of all those extravagant 
confessions which she falsely represents me to have made, aha 
states, upon her own observation and knowledge, that I waa preg* 
naiit in the year 1802. Now, in the habits of interooursa and 
intimacy with which I certainly did live with her at that time^ she 
ooul<l not be mistaken as to that fact It is impossible, therefore, 
tliitt in swearing positively to that^t, which is so positively dia*- 
proved, trhe can fail to appear to your Majesty to be wilfully and 
deliberately forsworn. 

As to the conversations which she asserts to have paased be* 
tween us, I am well aware that those who prefer her 'word to mine 
will not be satislied to disbelieve her upon my bare denial ; nor^ 
perhaps, upon the improbability and extravagance of the supposed 
conversatious themselves. But as to the facts of pvegnancy and 
delivery, which are proved to be &lse, in the words of the Report* 
** by so many witnesses, to whom, if true, they must in varions 
ways have been known,'' no person living can doubt tJiat the 
crime of adultery and treason, as proved by those facts, Ims been 
attempted to be ijxed upon me, by tlie ckliberate and willul &lse-> 
Uood of Uiia my most forward accuser. Aud witeu it ia once 



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261 

, «r kl b, that bit pregnuiey ana dfclivery are all Sir 
Mim and Isij Doaglaa'a iBvenlion^ I slioold imagine that my 
CBiiibanoBS of a pregtancy wlich never esisied ; my cosfesaion of 
a Mk w uf wincli aerct took place ; my eoiifeaaioN of bavkig aackie4 
ft cIhIiI wliicb i net cr bore» will hardly be believed open the ercdtt 
of her tealimoBy. Tbe eredit of Lady Donglaa, therefore, being 
tbae dettroyed, I tmel year Majesty wHI think that I eugbi to 
aoem Co answer U any thing wbieh her examination may contain, 
except no hr an there may appear to be wiy additional and coo- 
emrrent evidence to support it. 

Thia brings me to the remaratng part of the Report, which I 
read, I da asaare yonr Majesty, with a degree of astonishment and 
snrprise that I know not how to express. How the Commissienera 
oonid, npon such evidence, from socli witnesses, opon each an 
information, and in snch an ex^parie proceeding, before I had had 
the possibility of bein^ heart), not only sufl^r themselves to form 
such an opinion, bnt lo report it to your Majesty j with all the 
weight and authority of their g^reat names, I am perfectly at a tosa 
to conceive. Their great official and jodicial occupations, no 
dottht, prevented that foil attention to the subject which rt re« 
quired. Bnt I am not, sorely, without jost grounds of complaint, 
if they proceeded to pronounce an opinion opon my ctiaracter 
without all that consideiation and attention which the importance 
of it, to the peace of your Majesty's mind, to the honour of yonr 
Royal Family, and the reputation of the Princess of Wales, seem, 
indispensably, to have demanded. 

Ill the part of the Report already reforred to, the particulars af 
the ctiarge, exclusive of those two important facta whicb have 
becft so satisfactorily disposed of, are, aa 1 have alrrady observed, 
variously described by the Commissioners ; as *' matters of great 
impropriety and indecency of beliavJowr ;** as •'other particalara 
in themaelves extremely suspicions, and still more so when cmw 
uected with the assertions already mentioned ;** and as *• points 
of the same nature, thon^h going to a mach less extent." Bat 
they do not become the snbject of particular attention in the Re^ 
port till after the Commissioners had concloded that part of rt 
in which they give so decisive an opinion against the truth sf 
\ the charge npon the two material fitcts. They then proceed lo 
slale^ — 

" That they cannot close their Report tliere, much as they 



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262 

vntild wish it ; th«t besides Ihe allegations of the pregoaney waA 
delivery of the Princess, those declarations, on the whole of which 
your Majesty had required their Inquiry and Report, coiitaio 
other particulars respecting the conduct of her Royal Higkmess, 
such as must, especially considering her exalted rank and sta^ 
tion, necessarily give occasion to very unfavourable ititerpreia^ 
turns. That from various depositions and proofs annexed to their 
Report, particularly from tlie examination of Robert Bidgoodt 
W. Cole, F. Lloyd, and Mrs, Lisle, several strong circum- 
stances of this description have been positively sworn to hy wit- 
nesses who cannot, in the judgment of the Commissioners, be 
suspected of any unfavourable bias, and whose veracity, in this 
RESPECT, they had seen no ground to question.*' They then 
state, that " on the precise bearing and effect of the facts, thus 
appearing, it is not for them to decide ; these they submit to yonr 
Majesty's wisdom : but they conceive it to be their doty to report 
on this part of the Inquiry as distinctly as on the former facts; 
that as, OD the one hand, ihe facts of pregnancy and delivery are, 
in their minds, satisfactorily disproved, so, on the other hand, 
they think, that the circumstances to which they now refer, par-^ 
ticularly those stated to have passed between her Royal Highness 
and Captain Manhy, must be credited until they shall receive 
some decisive contradiction, and if true^ are justly entitled to 
the most serious cansideratiQu *' 

Your Majesty will not fail to observe ttiat the Commissioners 
have entered into the examination of this part of the case, an^ 
have reported upon it, not merely as evidence in confirmation of 
the charges of pregnancy and delivery, which they have com- 
pletely negatived and disposed of, but as containing substantive 
matters of charge in itself. That they consider it, indeed, as re- 
lating to points " of the same nature, but going to a much less 
extent,'' not, therefore, as constituting actual crime, but as amount- 
ing to " improprieties and indecencies of behaviour, aggravated 
by the exalted rank which I hold," as " occasioning unfavourable 
interpretations," and as " entitled to the most serious considera- 
tion/^ And when they also state that it is not for Ihem to decide 
on their precise bearing and effect, I think 1 am justified in con- 
cluding that they could not class them under any known head of 
crime; as, in that case, upon their bearing and effect they would 
have been fully competent to have pronounced. 



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263 

I have, to a degree, already stated to your Majesty, tlie on- 
precedented hardship to which I conceive myself to have been 
exposed, by this ex-parie Inqoiry into the decorum of my private 
coDdoct. 1 have already slated the prejudice done to my character, 
by this recorded censure, from which I can have no appeal ; and 
I press these considerations no further upon your Majesty, at 
present, than to point out, in passing this part of the Report, the 
just foundations which it affords roe for making the complaint. 

Your Majesty will also, 1 am persuaded, not fail to remark the 
strange obscurity and reserve, the mysterious darkness, with 
which the Report here expresses itself; and every one must feel 
bow thia aggravates the severity and cruelty of the censure, by 
rendering it impossible distinctly and specifically to meet it. 
The Commissioners state indeed that some things are proved 
against me, which must be credited till they shall receive a 
decisive contradiction, but what those things are they do not 
state. They are " particulars and circumstances which, especially 
considering my exalted rank, must give occasion to the most 
unfavourable interpretations. There are several strong circum- 
stances of this description ;" " they are, if true, justly deserving 
of most serious consideration,'' atid they " must be credited till 
decidedly contradicted/' But what are these circumstances? 
What are these deeds without a name P Was there ever a charge 
so framed P Was ever any one put to answer any charge, and 
decidedly to contradict it, or submit to have it credited against 
him, which was conceived in such terms, without the means of 
ascertaining what these things are, except as conjecture may 
enable me to surmise, to what parts of the examinations of the 
four witnesses on whom they particularly rely^ they attach the 
importance and tlie weight which seem to them to justify these 
dark and ambiguons censures on my conduct P But such as they 
are, and whatever they may be, they must, your Majesty is told, 
be credited unless they are decidedly contradicted. 

Circumstances, respecting Captain Manby, indeed, are par- 
ticularized ; but referring to the depositions which apply to him, 
they contain much matter of opinion, of hearsay, of suspicion. 
Are these hearsays, are these opinions, are these suspicions, and 
conjectures of these witnesses, to be believed against me, unlesa 
decidedly contradicted P How can I decidedly contradict another 
person's opinion P I may reason against its justice, but how can 



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I eootfadiel itP Or how can I decidedly ooDlradtel; any iliing 
mhieh is not precisely specified, nor distinctly kuown to me ? 

Yoar Majesty will also obserTe thai the Eeport states thai ii 
js not for the Coinmissiouers to decide lipon the bearings and 
effect of these facU ; these are lea for your Majesty's deqsioD. 
Buttbey add that, if Uae, they are juatlj^ eiMjitM to th^mpst 
serioos couaideralion. ) cannot, Sire, b^t colteci from ihese 
passages an iuiimation that some fMrtb^r pr9ceedings may >e 
nedilated. And, perhaps, if I acted with perfect prudence^ seeing 
how modi reason I have to fear from the fabrications of fafae^ 
bood, I ought to hava waited till I knew what course, ci?il or 
criminal^ your Majesty might be advised to puraae, before I 
offered any observations or answer. To this alternative, however, 
I am driven, I nusi either remain silent, and reserve my defence, 
leaving tiie imputation to operate roost injuriously aod fatally to 
my eliaracter; or I must, by entering into a defence against so 
extended a charge, expose myself with mach greater hazard to 
any future attacks. But the fear gX possible Hanger, to arise from 
ihe perverted interpretation of my anawer, cannot induce me to 
acquiesce, under the certain mischief of the unjust censure aud 
judgment which stands against me, as it were, recorded in this 
Report. I ahall therefore, at whatever hazard, proceed to sobmil 
to your Majesty, in whose justice I have the most satisfactory 
relianccj my answer and my observations npon this part of 
the case. 

And here. Sire, I cannot forbear again preauming to state to 
your Majesty, tliat it is not a little hard, that the Commissioners 
(who state in the beginning of their Report, that certain par- 
ticularly in themselves extremely suspicious, were, in the judg* 
ment which they had formed upon them, before they entered into 
|he particulars of the Inquiry, rendered still more suspicious from 
^eing connected with the assertion of pregnancy and delivery,) 
should have made no observation upon the degree in which that 
suspicion must be propoctionably abated, when those asstrtions 
pf. pregnancy and delivery have been completely &latfied and 
disproved ; that they should make no remark upon the fact, that 
all the witnesses, (with the exception of Mrs. Lisle,) on whom 
they specifically rely, were every one of them brought forward by 
ihe principal informers, for the purpose of aupporling the fi^W 
statement of Lady Douglas ; that they are tbe witnesses tliereffM^ 



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of peraom whom, after the complete falsification of their charge^ 
1 am justified in describing as conspirators who have been detect- 
ed, in supporting the conspiracy"by their own perjury. And 
surely where a conspiracy, to ^x a charge upon an individual, 
has been plainly detected, the witnesses of those who have been 
so detected in that conspiracy— witnesses tliat are brought for- 
ward to support this false charge, — cannot stand otherwise than 
coifsiderably affected in their credit, by their connection with 
those who are detected in that conspiracy. But instead of point- 
ing out this circumstance, as calling, at least for some degree of 
caution and reserve, in considering the testimony of these wit- 
oessesy the Report, on the contrary, holds them up as worthy of 
particular credit, as witnesses, who, in the judgment of the Com- 
missioners, cannot be suspected of unfavourable bias ; whose ve- 
racity in that respect they have seen no ground to question ; 
and who mast be credited tjU they receive some decided contra- 
diction. 

Now, Sire, I feel the fullest confidence that I shall prove to 
year Majesty's most perfect satisfaction, that all of these witnesses 
(of course I still exclude Mrs. Lisle) are under the influence, and 
exhibit the symptoms, of the most unfavourable bias; — that their 
veracity is in every respect to be doubted ; and that they cannot, 
by any candid and attentive mind, be deemed worthy of the least 
degree of credit upon this charge. Your Majesty will easily 
conceive, how great my surprise and astonishment must have been 
at this part of the R^rt I am indeed a little at a loss to know, 
whether I onderstand the passage which I have cited from the 
Report. " The witnesses in the judgment of the Commissioners 
are uot to be suspected of unfii(vourable bias, and their veracity 
in that respect they have seen no reason to question." What is 
meant by their having seen no reason to suspect their veracity in 
that respect? Do they mean, what the qualification seems to 
imply, that they have seen reason to question it in other respects ? 
Is it meant to be insinuated that they saw reason to question their 
veracity^ not in respect of an unfavourable bias, but of a bias in 
my favour P I cannot impute to them such an insinuation, be- 
caoae I am satisfied that the Commissioners would never have 
intended to insinuate any thing so directly contrary *to the 
truth. 

The witnesses specifically pointed out, as thus particularly 
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26(J 

deserving of credit^ are W. Cole, R, Bidgood, F. Lloyd, and 
Mrs. Lisle. Witli respect to Mrs. Lisle, 1 trust your Majesty 
ivill permit me to make ray obserrations upon her examinalion, 
as distinctly and separately as I possibly can from the others. 
Because, as I ever had, and have now as much as ever, the most 
perfect respect for ftfrs. Lisle, I would avoid the possibility of 
having it imagined that such observations as I shall be under 
the absolute necessity of making, upon the other witnesses, could 
be intended in any degree to be applied to her. 

With respect to Cole, Bidgood, and Lloyd, they have all lived 
in their places for a long time ; they nad lived with his Royal 
Highness the Prince of Wales before he married, and were ap- 
pointed by him to situations about me ; Cole and Lloyd imme- 
diately upon my marriage, and Bidgood very shortly afterwards. 
I know not whether from this circumstance they may consider 
themselves as not owing that undivided duty and regard to me, 
which servants of my own appointment might possibly have felt ; 
but if I knew nothing more of them than that they had consented 
to be voluntarily examined, for the purpose of supporting the 
statement of Lady Douglas on a charge so deeply affecting my 
honour, without com muni eating to me the fact of such examination, 
your Majesty would not, I am sure, be suprised to find, that I 
saw in that circumstance alone sufficient to raise some suspicions 
of an unfavourable bias. But when I find Cole particularly sub- 
mitting to this secret and voluntary examination against me, no 
less than /our times, and when I found during the pendency of 
this Inquiry before the Commissioners, that one of them. Bid- 
good, was so far connected, and in league, with Sir John and Lady 
Bouglas, as to have communication with the latter, I thought I 
saw the proof of such decided hostility and confederacy against 
me, that I felt obliged to order the discontinuance of his attend- 
ance at my house till further orders. Of the real bias of their 
minds, however, with respect to me, your Majesty will be better 
able to jodge from the consideration of their evidence. 

The imputations which I collect to be considered as cast upon 
me, by these several witnesses, are too great familiarity nd 
intimacy with several gentlemen, — Sir Sidney Smith, Mr. Law- 
rence, Captain Manby, and I know nut whether the same are not 
meant to be extended to Lord^Hood, Mr. Chester/ and Captain 
Moore. 



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207 

Willi yoor Majpest^^s permission, therefore, I will examine ilie 
depositions of the witnesses, as they respect thepe several geiitU* 
meu, in their order, i^eeping; the evidence, which is. applicable to 
each case, as distinct from the others as I caii^ 

And I will begin with those which respect Sir Sidney Smith, as 
he is the person first mentioned in the deposition of W. Cole. 

W. Cole says, " that Sir Sidney Smith first visited at Montague. 
House in 1S02; that he observed that the Princess was too 
familiar with Sir Sidney . Smith. One day, he thinks ii), 
February, he (Cole) carried into tlie Blue Room to the Princess^ 
soine sandwiches which she had ordered, and was surprised to see 
that Sir Si4oey was there. He must have come in from the Park. 
If be had be^n let in from .Blackheath he most. have passed 
through the room in which he (Cole) was waiting. When he had 
left the sandwiches, he returned, after some time, into the room, 
and Sir Sidney Smtlh was sitting very close to the Princess on 
the S0& ; be (Cole) looked at her Royal Highness, she caaght 
bis eye, and saw that he noticed the manner in which they were 
sitting together, they appeared both a little confused. 

R. Bidgood says also, in his deposition oti the 6th of June, (for 
be was examined twice) ** that it was early in 1802 that he first 
jobserved Sir Sidney Smith come to Montague House. He used 
to stay vary late at night ; he had seen him early in the morn- 
ing there ; about ten or eleven o'clock. He was at Sir John 
Douglas's, and was in the habit as well as Sir John and Lady 
Douglas of dining, or having luncheon, or supping there every day. 
He saw Sir Sidney Smith one day in 1802 in the Blue. Room, 
about 11 o'clock in the morning, which was full two hours before 
tbey expected ever to see company* He asked the servants why 
they did not let him know Sir Sidney Smith was there ; the 
Csotman told him that they had let no person in. There was a 
private door to the Park, by which he. might have come, in if he 
had a key to it, and have got into the Blue Room without any 
of the servants perceiving him. And in his second deposition, 
taken on the 3d of Jaly, he says he lived at Montague House 
«lie» Sir Sidney came. Her (the Princess's) manner with him 
appeared very familiar ; she appeared very attentive to him^ but 
he did not suspect any thing further. Mrs. Lisle says, that 
the Princess at ooe time appeared to like Sir John and Lady 
Douglas. <' I have seen Sir Sidney Smith there very late in thtf 

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268 

eY#ui|tgv bHi Hoi itioiid willi the Piincets. I bare no r«fii>i» to 
iWipecl be iwd a icey of the Pai*k gate; I never heard of 
a»y body iHiug toid «tnd€riii|^ aboat mi BlaekiieAth. 
Vaiuy lioyd d«fea not diention Sir Sidney Smith in tier 

d<|KMUU«k 

Upon ibe whole of ihift evideiioe then, whieh is the whole 
thai respects Sir Sidney Smith, in any «f iheae ^positions 
(except'somsfarticoiar passages in Cole's evidence which sre so 
knportsat as to require a very partloalar and disiinct statement)^ 
I wenid reqaett your Majesty to anderststod that, with rdspect to 
the faot of Sir Sidney Smith's visitiiig freqaeiitly at Montage 
Hoase, both with Sir John and Lady Doai^las, and without 
thesi ; with respect to bis being freqae^tly there, aA laneheon, 
dinner, and supper; and staying with the rest of the oompany 
till twelve, one -o'clock, or even sometimes later, if these are 
some of the facts '^ which mast give occasion to enAtvoaraUe 
iuterpretaiions, and must be eiediled till they are pontradteted," 
they are fiicts which 1 never can contmdiot, for they are perfectly 
true. And I truat it will imply the confession of no guilt, to 
admit that Sir Sidney Smith's conversation, his account of the 
various and estraordioary events* and heroic achievemeiits in 
which he had been concerned, emnsed and interested me ; and the 
circumstance of his living so mqch with his friends, Sir John and 
lAdy Douglas, in my neighbourhood on Blackheatli, gave the 
opportunity of his 'increasing his acqsaintance with jne. 

It happened also that about this time I fitted ap, as year 
Msje«ty may have oba^rved* one of the r^ms iti my house after 
the fashion of a Tarkiah Tent Sir Sidney furnished me with a 
pattern for it^ in a drawing of the Tent of Murat Bey, whioh 
he had brought over with him from Egypt- , And he taught me 
how to draw Egyptian Arabesques, ^hieh were necesssry for the 
e^naments of the ceiling ; this may have occaaioned, while that 
room was fitting up« aaveral visits, and possiUy some, though I 
do not reoollect them, as early in the ihoroing as Mn Bidgood 
wieolions. I believe i^o that it has happehed m<>re than oocew 
that, walking with my ladies in the Park, we have iaet Sir 
Sidney Smith, and that he has come in, with us^ through tbs 
ga^ from the Bark. My ladies may have gone up lo take eJF 
Ibeir doaks, or to dress^ and have left me ale«e with him : aad^ 
mtsofae oii^ of ihase timM» it may very poesiUy bAve happeahll 



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Mlal Mr. Cole «fi4 Mr. Bidgood mtiy have dhtin h'm, ^rli^ti • hh 
Ihm mt oofse ibroogb 4he ir«Uiiig-roofn^ nor hetn let in l>y atty bf 
the fooimeB. fiat I aoleainlf dcwlare to your Majesty that f llaVe 
nol'tbe letat Mem or Mief that he efcr had a key of the gat^ fifto 
the Fftrk, or that he ever entered in, or passed out, at that gatie; 
tsBnUf^ IB oonifNiBy with myself and my ladies. As for the 
QireatDMaBee of my {lermitting him to be \ii the room alone ivlth 
me; if safferi^g ^ man to he so alone is evidence of goilt, from 
whenSfr the Commissioners can draw any unfkvoarable inference, 
I most Hteve tbehi 'to draw it. Fbr I cannot deny that it has 
happened, and happened fireqaentty ; not only with Sir Sidney 
Anith; bill with many, many others; gentlemen who have visited 
me; tmdcsMpeu who have come to tecefve my orders; masters 
w4ioml have had to instruct me, in painting, in music, in English, 
Ike. thftt I have received them withont any one being by. In 
short, I tfttSt I am not oonfeufiog a crfme, for nnquestiouabfy it 
k a trath, that I never had an idea that there was any thing 
wroBg, or objectionable ?n thus seeing men, in the morning ; tiiid 
I ciinfidljntly Relieve yonr Majesty will see nothing in ir, from 
%hitih any gfutH can be inferred. I feel certain thai there is 
BOthtng iihnhoral in the thing itself; and I have always underslooc), 
that it was perfectly customary and nsnal for ladies of the first 
rank, and the 6rst character, in the country, to receive the visits 
of gentlemen tn a mbrning, though they might be themselves 
alone at the time. But, If in the opinions and fashions of this 
coutttry, there i^outd be more iroproriety ascribed to it, than 
what it ever entered into my mind to conceive, I hope your Msjesty, 
and etery candid mind, will make some allowance for the different 
ROtlons which my foreign education and foreign habits may have 
given me. 

iftiH whatever teharact^r may belong to this practice, it is not a 
pnliiliee which commenced after my leaving Carlton bouse. 
While there, and from my first arrival in this country, I was 
accustomed, with the knowledge of his Royal Highness the 
iWhce of Wales, and withbut his ever having' hinted to me the 
slightest disapprobation, to receive lessons fVom various masters, 
ibr m^ amusement, and improvement; I was attended by thdin 
frequently, from 12 o'clock till five in the afternoon; — Mr. 
AtWood fbr music, 'Mr. Geffiidiei-e for English, Mr. Turnerelli* 
fbr jHiititlng, Mr. Tutoye for imitating marble, Mr. Elwes for the 



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harp ; I saw them all alooe * and, indeed, if I were to see them 
at ail^ I could do no otheiwiBC than see them alone. Mi«s GarUij 
iv)io was then sub-governeaa to my daughter, lived, certaiulyj 
under the same roof with me^ but she could not be spared frtm 
her duty and attendance ou my daughter. I desired her some* 
times to come down stairs, and read to roe, during the time when 
I drew or painted, but my Lord Cbolmondekey inforiMd me this 
could not be. }. then requested that I m^ht have oseof my bedr 
chamber women to live constantly at Carlton Uouae, that I might 
have her at call whenever I w^ted her ; but I was answered that 
it was not customary, that the atteadanta of the Royal Family 
should live with them in town ; so that reqneal could not be 
complied with. But, independent of this, I never conceived that 
it was offensive to the fashions and manners of the country, to 
receive gentlemen who might call. upon me in a morning, wliether 
i had or had not any one with me ; and it never occufred to me 
to think that there was either impropriety or indecorum in it, at 
that time, nor in continuing the practice at Montague Uouae* 
But this has been eonfiued to morning viaita, in no private 
apartments in my house, but in my drawing-room, where my 
ladies have at all times free access, and as they usually take 
their luncheon witli me, except when they are engaged with 
visitors or pursuits of their own, it could but rarely occur that I 
could be left with any gentleman alone for any lengtli of time, 
unless there were something, in the known and avowed bouiness, 
which might occasion, his waiting upon me« that .would fully 
account for the circumstance. 

I trust your Majesty will excuse the length at which i have 
dwelt upon this topic. I perceived, from the examinalioua, that 
it had been much inquired after, and I felt it necessary to repre- 
sent it in its true light. And the candour of your Majesty's 
mind will, I am confident, suggest that those who are the least 
conscious of intending guilt, are the least suspicious of having it 
imputed to them ; and therefore thai they do not think it neces- 
sary to guard themselves at every turn, with witnesses to proue 
their innocence, fancying their character to be safe, as long bs 
their conduct is innocent, and that guilt will be imputed to them 
from actions quite different. 

The deposition however of Mr. Cole is tioi confined to my being 
alone with Sir Sidney Smith. The circumatauces in which he 



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observed uh togeUier be particalwrizes, and states bis opinion. 
He iotreduces, indeed, the whole of the evidence by saying tbal 
I was too familiar with Sir Sidney Smith ; hot as I trast I am not 
yet so (kr degraded as to have my character decided by the opinion 
of Mr. Cole, I sh^ll not comment upon that observation. He 
then proceeds to deseribe the scene which be observed on the day 
when be brought in the sandwiohes^ whicb I trust your Majesty 
did not fail to notice, / had myself ordered to be brought in. 
For there is an obvious insinuation that Sir Sidney must have 
(^ome in throngh the Park, and that there was great impropriety 
in his being alone with me. And at least the witness's own 
story proves, whatever ini|>ropriety their might be, in this ciN 
cumstance, that I was not conscious of it, nor meant to take 
advantage of his clandestine entrVi from the Park, to conceal the 
,fact from my servant's observation. For if I bad had such 
consciousness, or such meaning, I never ^rould have ordered sand- 
wiches to have been brought in, or any other act to have been 
done, which must have bronght myself under the notice of my 
servants, while I continued in a situation, which I thought im- 
proper, and wished to conceal. Any of the circumstances of this 
visit, to which this part of the deposition refers, my memory does 
not enable me in the least degree to particularize and recal. Mr. 
Cole may have seen roc sHting on the same sofa with Sir Sidney 
Smith. Nay, I have no doubt he must have seen me, over and 
over again, not only with Sir Sidney Smith, hot with other 
gentlemen, sitting upon the same sofa ; and I trust your Majesty 
will feel it the hardest thing imaginable, that 1 should be called 
upon to account what comer of a sofa 1 sat upon four years ago, 
and how close Sir Sidney Smith was sitting to me. I can so- 
lemnly aver to your Majesty, that my conscience supplies me with 
the follest means of confidently assuring you, that I never per- 
mitted Sir Sidney Smith to sit on any sofa with roe in any manner, 
which, in my own judgment, was in the slightest degree offensive 
to the strictest propriety and decorum. In the judgment of many 
persons, perhaps, a Princess of Wales should at no time forget 
the elevation of her rank, or descend in any degree to the 
familiarities and intimacies of private life. Under any circum- 
stances, this would be a hard condition to be annexed to her 
situation. Under the circumstances, in which it has beeii my 
misftfrtune to have lost the necessary support to the dignity and 



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.ftMtiou.of a PruiMnof Vf^lm, to Hve aMoaifd wi j|iaUilaiii«il 
^11 viibenduig digmly vmilii have been iiii|H»S8ible« aod if p^s«it)t)^, 
«pul4*barcUy hav« baea expected from m^ 

/^fU^t Uieiie obtervatUNiB^ Sire, i must now request yoar Ma- 
jeaty's attention to those written declarations which are meutiaa^d 
in the Report, aud which I shall never be able sajKcieDtli to 
ib^Kk yo9i',Ms||esty for haviog eondesoeoded, ia compliaiM^e with 
niy -earliest reqMe8t> to oi^ to be transmitted to ma. Froai 
observations upon those iledaraiions tkepiselves, as well as upoa 
comparing them with the depositAons made before the Commiar 
sioners* your Majesty will see the strongest reason for discraditr 
ing the testimony of W. Cole, as well aa others of these witnessea^ 
whose credit stands iu Uie opinion of the CommissioBfira so. uniip* 
peacbable* They aapply importadt obscrvatt^iis, even with respect 
to that part of Mr. Cole's evidence which 1 am now considering* 
though in no degree equal in importance to those whicb 1 shall 
afterwards have occasion to notice* 

Your Majesty will pleaae to observe, that there are no lees than 
four different examioations, or declarationa of Mr. Cole, They 
aVe dated on the lltli« 14th, and dOtb of January, and on 2dDd 
of February. In these four different declarations he twice meon 
tions the circumstances of finding Sir Sidney Smith and myaetf 
on the so(a» and he mentions it not only in a different mannerj a^ 
each of those times, but at both of them in a mannar, wbic|i, 
materially differs from his depositiou before the Commissioner^ 
In his declaration of the lltb of January he 8ays» that b«t faM.tt4 
us in so familiar a posture, as to alarm him very mu^oh, y^ich 
he jexpressed by a start back and a look at the gentleman* . ,,, 

In that dated on 22d of February, however^ (being asked, I. 
suppose, as to tbat which he had dared to assert, of the fiuniliar 
ppsture which had alarmed him so muchj he says^ " there w^ 
mtfdng particular in our dress, po$ition of legs, or arms, Utat. 
was extraordinary ; Jie thought it improper that a single gentle- 
man should be sitting quite close to a married i^^Aj on the wfy^ 
and. from that, situation, and /ormer observation lie thought th^ 
thing improper. In this ^cond account, therefore, your Miyesfy 
p^oeives he was obliged to bring in his former observation to 
help out the statement, in order to accouut for his havii^ beei^ 
so shocked with what he saw, as to express his alarm by *' starting 
back." But unfortunately he accounts for it, ajs it seems to me 



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273 

M*Wal» 1^ 'the Te^y'clfcomstanee wfttcli trovM- hui6 indac^^ Mito 
lb^fc«V9 'b«eii 1^8 8ur|i'riKed/ and oonisequently less statiled^ by 
what he aaw ; for bad hm former ^bdervations befett such as he in- 
-ifVaalei, he would have been prepafed-tfremore to expect^ and the 
'\tK td be smrprraed at, i^hal he pretends to have fctet^n. 
*»- But; jiMT Mafestj will ebservir, that iir hk de)ioiitien before 
the GelhiiiiiMieiiers^recolleeling pei^raps how awkwardly^ he had 
te^Dled f>r hk iltftfrUng in bia (brmer declarations^) he drops 
Ml starting altogether. Instead of looking at the genlleniati 
0^, fie looked' at ua^ bothy that i caught his eye, and saw that 
lie iholioed the manner in which we were sSiting, and instead of 
Ma own atatni^, or any description df the manner in which he 
exhtbil^kia own feeKnga, we are represented as botb appearing 
ttiUileem^tmd.' Oer ctmftitim is a eircomstamce, which during 
hiiffeiir deelaratloBs, whieh he made before the appointment of the 
Oettnisaiponera, it never otfce ocdorred to him to recollect. And now 
be does recollect it, we appeared, he says, " a little confused !**— 
k little Goufoaed ! — ^The Princestf df Wales detected in a situa- 
tien sQcb aa to ahodk and alarm ber servant, aiid so detected as to 
be aeneible of ber detection, and so conscious of the impropriety of 
tieiAtMUen as to exhibit symptoms of confusion ; would not her 
emfaiiofl have been extreme ? would it have beon so little as to 
lave* alippedibe memory of the witness who observed it, during 
kit Mi foor dtelnrations, and at last to be recalled to his recol- 
iedtMniif stieh a manner as to be represented in the faint and 
"ttMlA ^iy, id which he here describes it.' 

WHfiat Weight your Miyesty will ascribe to these differences in 
tiie acco^kots givefn by this witness 1 cannot pretend to say. 
itvt'IiMi ready to confess that, probabfy, if there was nothing 
sfliforilftr ef'tltoflame kind to be observed, in other parts of his 
IciUatoif^, the inference which would be drawn from them would 
dUiMd'tery mneh if on the opinion previously entertained of the 
witnte. To mfe,'itho know many p^rts of bis testimony to be 
abiolottefy Mae, knd all tlie colouring giten to' it to be wholly 
frfttn bis own iHdked and maHeioos invention, it appears plain, 
tikit tb^e difibrenceft in his representations, are the unsteady, 
aWkwahl, shuffles and prevarications of falsehood. To those, if 
tkere are any such, who, frdin preconceived prejudices in his 
faviifar, chr frbtfn any other circumstances, think that his veracity 
ia^Aeefroto All-auspiclori, satisfactory means of reconciling them 
12. 2 M 



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274 

may possibly occor. BdI before I have lef\ Mr. Cole's exainiiia^ 
tions, your Majesty will find thai they will have much more t^ 
account for, and much more to reconcile. 

Mr. Cote's examination before the Commissioners goes on 
thus : — " A short time before this, one night about twelve o'clock, 
I saw a man go into tlie house from the Park, wrapt up in n 
gr( at coat. I did not give any alarm, for the impression on my 
mind was, that it was not a thief." When I read this passage. 
Sire, I could hardly believe my eyes ; when I found such a fact 
left in this dark state, without any further explanation, or without 
a trace in the examination of any attempt to get it further exr 
plained. How he got this impression on hia mind, that this was 
not a thief P Whom he believed it to be ? What part of the 
house he saw him enter ? If the drawing-room, or any part which 
1 usually occupy, who was there at the time P Whether I was 
there P Whether alone, or with my ladies P or with other 
company P Whether he told any body of the circumstance at 
the time P or how long after P Whom he told P Whether any 
inquiries were made in consequence P These, and a tliousand 
other questions, with a view to have penetrated into the mystery 
of this strange story, and to have tried the credit of this witness, 
would, I should have thought, have occurred to any one; bat 
certainly must have oecurred to persons so experienced, and so 
able in the examination of facts, and the trying of the credit of 
witnesses, as the two learned Lords unquestionably are, whom 
your Majesty took care to have introduced into this Commissioii. 
They never could have permitted these unexplained, and unsifted, 
hints and insinuations to have had the weight and effect of proof. 
— But, unfortunately for me, the duties, probably, of their re- 
spective situatious prevented their attendance on the examination 
of thip, and on the first examination of another most important 
witness, Mr. Robert Bidgood — and surel)/#your Majesty will 
permit me here, without offence, to complaiu, that it, is not a 
little hard, that, when your Majesty had shown your anxiety lo 
have legal accuracy, and legal experience assist on this examina- 
tion, the two most important witnesses, in whose examinations 
there is more matter for unfavourable interpretation than in all 
the rest put together, should ha\(e been examined without the 
benefit of this accuracy, and this experience. And I am the better 
justified iu making this observation, if what has been suggebt«;$i 



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•275 

'to me is correct ; that, if it shall not be allowed the power of ad- 
ministering an oath under this warrant or coininission is qocstiou- 
able, yet it can hardly be doubted that it is most questidnable 
whether, according to the terms or meaning of the warrant or 
oommisaion, as it constitutes no quorum, Lord Spencer and Lord • 
Grenville could administer an oath, or act ia the absence of the 
other lords ; and if they could not, Mr. Cole's falsehood mast be 
out of the reach of punishment. 

Returning then from this digression, will your Majesty permit 

me -to ask, whether I am to understand this fact, respecting the 

man in a great coat, to be one of those which must necessarily 

gi^e occasion to the most unfavourable interpretations ? which 

must be credited till decidedly contradicted P and which, if true, 

deserve the most serious consideration ? The unfavourable inter* 

pretationa which this fact may occasion, doubtleas are, that this 

man was either Sir Sidney Smith, or some other paramour, who 

waa admitted by me into my bouse in disguise at midnight, for the 

oicoomplishment of my wicked and adulterous purposes. And is 

it |»oBiiUe that your Majesty^ is it possible that any candid mind 

can believe this fact, with the nnfavonrable interpretations which 

it occasions, on the relation of a servant, who, for all that appears, 

mentions it, for the first time, fdnr years after the event took place ; 

ind who gives, himself, this picture of bis honesty and fidelity to 

a master whom he has served so long ; that he, whose nerves are 

of so morid a frame that he starts at seeing a single man sitting 

at mid-day, in an open drawing-room, on the same sofa with 

a married woman, permitted this disguised midnight adulterer 

to approach his master's bed without taking any notice, without 

making any alarm, withoat offering any interrnption P And why P 

becaose (as he expressly states) be did not believe him to be -a 

thief; and becaase (as he plainly insinuates) he did believe him 

to be an adulterer. 

Bat what makes the manner in which the Commissioners suf- 
fered this ftict to remain so unexplained the more extraordinary is 
this : M'r. Cole had, in his original declaration of the llth of 
January, which was before the Commissioners, stated, " that one 
Aigbt, about twelve o'clock, he saw a person, wrapped np in a 
great coat, go across the Park into the gate at the Greem Hoose, 
aiNl he verily believes it was &^ir Sidney Smith." In bia declara* 
tibuthjen, (when he was not upon' oath,) he ventures to $t»t^ 

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" that be verily believes it was Sir Sidney Smtth/^ When he iM 
upon bis 6ath, in his depositioos before the Coimuissiocim, aH 
that be ventures to swear i8> " that he gave no alarm^ because the 
impression upon his mind was, that it was not a thief! !'^ And 
the differenee is most important. " The impression upon his mind 
was, that it was not a thief ! i" I believe him, and the impreS'^ 
sion upon my mind too is, that he knew it was not a tbief^ihat 
he knew who it whs— and that he knew it was no other than m^ 
watchman. What incident it is that he alludes to I cannot pre- 
tend to know. But this I know, that if it refers to any man willi 
whose proceedings I have the least acquaintance or privity, it maat 
have been my watchman ; who, if he executes my orders, nigbtly, 
and oflen^n the night, goes his rounds both inside and outside of 
my house. Aud this circumstance, which I should think Would 
rather aflbrd, to most minds, an inference that I was not pps^^rittg 
the way of planning facilities for secret midnight assignations, 
has, in my conscience, I believe, (if there is one word of trutk 
in any part of this story, aud the whole of it is not pure inventioni) 
afforded the handle, and suggested the idea, to this faoaeat, truly 
wan, this witness '' who cannot be suspected of any uniavottiaUfr 
bias," " whose veracity, in that respect, the Commissioiiera saw 
no ground to queafeion,'' and " who roust be credited till be ve* 
ceived decided contradidtion," soggested, I say, the idea of the 
dark and vile insinuation cont|fned in this part of hk testimony. 

Whether I am right or wrong, however, in Ibis conjeetane, this 
appears to be evident, that this estanination is so loft, that sup. 
posing an indictment for perjury or false swearing would lie against 
any witness examined by the Commissioners* and suppeaing this 
examination had been taken before the whole fourr^if Mr. Oole 
were indicted for petjury, in respect to this part of bia dapoaitiiNi* 
the proof that lie did see the watchman would necessarily acqaib 
him ; would establish the truth of what he said^ and rescue hias 
from the punishment of peijury, though it would at the aaftie 
time prove the lalaafaood and injustice of the inference and the in* 
ainuation, for the eatablisfament of which alone the fact kaelf wna 
swcMrn. 

Mr* Ccfle chooses further to state, that he ascribes liis rennmil 
from Montague House to lioadon to tlie diaeovery he lead ioade» 
and the notice he had taken cf the improper siluaHbn of Sir f9M- 
hey Smith with me upon the sofa. To this I can oppoae *itltle 



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Ql^mthMi m^ 01HI MlAiiUMN^ as my mtiinA can o^ily be knmrn 
te mymiUrrrBul Mr» CI«U wm t very dbftgreeftble seryant to me ; 
hewu # n«n vho, at I always coaoeiired, had been educated 
abeve hia aMiou. He UUumI Fieiicb, and vaa a masieian^ pky^ 
ia^ aretl as .the violin. By theae fiwlifiQaiiona he bad gol ad- 
mitted oeeaaionally .into better company, and this probably led to 
thfti ierv.iiid and obtraaive conduct, which I thoQgfat extremely 
ojaaeiiie and imfertiaeal in a aervant I had long been extremely 
diapkaaed with biaa; I bad diaoovered that whan 1 went o«t he 
waaM «oma ia|o my drawing-room, and play on my harpsicord, 
oraii Ihera-ivadiagmy baoka ;«*-aiid, in short, there was a for- 
wardaeM which wiauld have led to my abaolutely discharging; him 
a loag time be<QM» if I had not made a aort of rale to myself to 
forbear as long as poaaible fipom removing any servant who hacT 
bona placed abaot ma hy Ua Royal Highness. Before Mr. Cole 
lifadvilh the Prince he had lived with the Duke of Devonshire, 
igrf I had reason to belieaa thai he carried to Devoaafatre House 
all the ^baervatictta he oauld make at.miae. For these varieoa 
nmseaa, jwat befpne the Duke of Kent was about to go out of the 
Uagdemu I aaquealed his Rsyal Highness the Duke of Kent, who 
had bean gaod e«Mgh ia take the tranble ef arraqgtng many par. 
t iaa bia in my eatablishmenW to make the arravgements with ve> 
spent to Mn Cole ; which waa, to leave him in town, to wait upoe 
me eely when I weot t4»Gailton Heoae, and not to came to Men- 
tagee Hoose except when apeoially jeqnirM« Thia arrangement^ 
it seema« o&Bded him. It aerlainiy deprived htm of aome per- 
^aisitea which be hndwheii living atBliickheath; hut npeo the 
wbela^ as it left him se much mote oC his time at his own disposal^ 
1 should not have thought it had been much to liis prejodiee. It 
■esmt, however, that h^ did not like it; and I must leave Ibis 
part of the case with this one observation more^— That year Ma- 
jeslgr, I treat, will hardly believe, that if Mr. Cole had, hy aay 
sceidea^ discovered any imprgy^ ooudupt of mine towards Sir 
Sidney 8ssith, or any one elaej. the way which I should have 
takisa to aaippress him iaforma^ioa, to dose his nmuth, weald have 
been by immedtately adept'mg an arrangement in my fiunily, with 
regaid le htnn which was either prejudichd or disagreeable to him ; 
0^ Abaft thenray to reaMve him from theeipportaaity and the tempr 
taftioB of betraying my aecret, whether through levity or design^ 
i» Ihe^uaiter where it venM be most jEatal to me that it should lie 



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278 

knowDf was ii^ making an arrangeioeiiliWiHcii, while all liia're^ 
sentmefit and aoger were fresh and wurm about him^-woaM piftee 
bim frequently, nay> almost daily, al Carlton Howe; wovld- 
place biiQ precisely at that place, from whence, unqaeationabl^-, 
it must have been my tjitercst to have kept him ealir<reaioTed.«B 
possible. 

There i& little or Nothing iii the examinations of the other wit- 
nesses whicli is material for me to observe open, m far as renpecta 
this part of the case. Itappears from them, indeed, what I have 
bad no difficulty in admitting, and have observed upon before, that 
Sir Sidney Smith was frequently at Montague Ho me that they 
have known him to be alone with me in an OMrning, bnt that 
they never knew him alone with me in tbe evening, or staying 
later than my company or the ladies^^or what Mr. Stikeman says, 
with respect to his beiag alone with me in an evening, can only 
mean, and is only reconcileable with all the rest of the evidence 
on this part of the case, by its being ondentood to mean alone, 
in reapect of other company, but not alene, in the absence of my 
ladies. The deposition, indeed, of my servant, S. Roberts, i» 
thus far material upon that point, thai it exhibits Mi*. CMe, not- 
less than three years ago, endeavenring te colieet evidence upon 
these points to my prejndiee. For your Majesty will find that he 
says, " I recollect Mr. Cole once asking me, I think three years 
agoy whether there wereaay favourites in the family ^ I remember 
Sluing that Captain Manby and Sir Sidney Smith were frequently 
At Blackheath, and dined there oftener than other persons." He 
then proceeds^'' I never knew Sir Sidney Smith stay later than 
the ladies ; I cannot exactly say at what time he went, but I never 
remember bis staying alone with the Princess." 

As to what is contained in tbe written declarations of Mr. aiid 
Mrs. Lampert, the old aervants of Sir John and Lady Douglas, 
(as from some circomstauce or other respecting, I conceive, either 
Uieir credit or their supposed importance,) the ComroissionerB 
have not thought proper to examine them upon thm oaths» I 
do not imagine your Majesty would expect that I ehoald take 
any notice of them. And as to what is deposed by my Lady 
Douglas, if your Majesty will observe the gross and horrid indn-^ 
cencies with which she ushers in and states my confeasiomi te her 
of my asserted criminal intercourse with Sir Sidney Smith, your 
Maje^y, I am confident, will toot be snrprised that I do not de- 



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mMuA t» any fwrliealar alMeffvalioBt' on her deposiUoo. — One; «iid 
one only » observftiaon nill I make, nrhksh^ however, .oould not 
have eacaped yonr Majesty if I hadomitled it — that yonr Majesty 
will have ao eaoellent poriraitare of the true female deticaey and . 
parity of my Lady Doaglae's mind and charaetcr, when yon will 
obeerve that she seems wholly insensible to what a sink bf infamy 
site degrades herself by her testimony against me. It is not only 
that it appears, from her statement, that she was contented to live 
in familiarity and apparent friendship with me after the confession 
which I made of my adultery, (for by the indalgence and libe- 
raiity, as it la called, of modem manners, the company of adnU 
teresses has ceased to redect that discredit upon the characters of 
other women who admit them to their society ,which the best interests 
of female virtue may perhaps require.) Bat she was content to 
live in familiarity with a woman who, if Lady Douglas's evidence 
of me is true, was a most low, vulgar, and profligate disgrace to 
her sex ; the grpssness of who^e ideaa and conversation would add 
iulamy to the lowest^ most vulgar, and most infamous prostitute. 
It is not, however, upon this circamstaitce that I rest assured no 
. reliance can be placed an Lady Douglas's testimeiiy ; but after 
what is proved with regard to her evidence respecting my preg- 
nancy and delivery in 1802, I am certain that any observations 
upon her testimony or her veracity most be flung away. 

Your Majesty has therefore now before you the state of the 
charge against me, as fiir as it respects Sir Sidney Smith. And 
this is, as 1 understand the Report, one of the charges wAtcA, 
with Us uttfavourabk huerpretaiions, must, in the opinion <^ the 
Vommittioners, be credited tili decidedly amtradicied. 

As to the facts of frequent visiting on terras of great intimacy, 
as I have said before, they cannot be contiadicted at all. How 
inferences and unfavourable interpretations are to be decidedly 
contradicted, I wish the Commissioners bad been so good as to 
explain. I know of no possible way but by the declarations of 
myself and Sir Sidney Smith. Yet we being the supposed guilty 
^mvties, our denial, probably, will be thought of no great weight 
As to my own, liowever, I tender it to your Majesty in the most 
solemn manner, and if I knew what fact it was that I ought to 
contradict, \^ clear my innocence, 1 woold precisely address my- 
sejf to that font, as I am confident my conscience would enable 
me to do to any from which a criminal or unbecoming inference 



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cJbM iM^ram. I am sure, however, yow Mftjeftij inH -foti im 
Ibe bvmilUrted and degrmd«d «i(ttfttion to w^ich this report Im ne- 
dMod yov da«f bter*in-l*«, tbe Priacets ^ Wales, when fom see 
Inr red«eed to the neoeosity of either risking: the danger that the 
■leat anfttvoorable iaterpretatloiia shiMiid be credited ; or ehe of 
alaltng, 1as I am n«w degraded to the necessity of stating, thai 
aol ouly DO adoiteroas> or orimnal, hot no rndieceiit or ianproper 
iotarcoarA wliatever, ever subsisted between Sir Sidney Smith 
aadr myself, or auy thing which I should have objected that atf tbe 
world abooM have seen. 1^ say d^gmMi to the necessity of stat- 
ing it; fet yoor Majesty must feel that a wemaVs character is 
degvaded when it is pot open her to smke ssch statement, at the 
peril of tbe eoatrary being credited avtess she deddedfy contra*- 
diets it. Sir Sidney Smith's absence from the eeanlry prevents 
my tcaUittg upon bim to attest tbe same truth. But I tmst when 
yemr Majesty sbatl find, m you will iiid, that my dedaraAfon, to 
a si»gDl^r eilbct, with rei^ct to the other genttemen referred to in 
.this Report, is confirmed by their deniwi, that your Majesty will 
think that in a case where nothing but my own word can be ad- 
doeed, ray own word alofte may be opposed to whatever little 
remains of credit or weight may, after all the above observations, 
be supposed yet to belong to Mr. Cole, lo his inferences, bis in* 
sinoations, or his facts. Hht indeed that I have yet finished my 
observations on Mr. Cole's credit ; bat I must reserve tbe re- 
mainder till I consider his evidence with respect to MV. Lawrence, 
and till I have occask>n to oomment upon the testimony of Fanny 
Lloyd. Then, indeed, 1 shall be ander tlie necessity of exhibit- 
ing to your Mffjesty these wiinesdes, Vanny Lbyd tta^ Mr. Cole, 
(both of whom are Kpresented as so unbiassed, and so credible,) 
inr iat, decisive, ami irreconcilable contradictron to each other. 

The next person witb w|^m my improper intimacy in fnsinuated, 
is Mr. Lawrence, the painter. 

Tbe piincTpat witness on this cbarge is also Mr. Cole; Mr. R. 
Sidgood says notliing about him; Fanny Lloyd says nothing 
about him ; and aft that Mrs. Lisle says is perfn^tly true, and I ana 
neither able, nor feel interested, to contradict it. ^ That she re- 
members my sifting to Mr. Lawrence for my picture at Black- 
heAth, and in London; that she has left me at his hoose in town 
witb him, but she thinks Mrs. Fitzgerald was with us; and that 
she tbinks I 8*f abne with him at filackheath." But Mr. Cote 



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apialw of Hr. Lftwrinoe m a Mimfr thai caUs hr partmiar^lM^ 
Mm»m. He m js« '' Mr, LawreDoe> the ^intar, Med to 90 i* 
M ootagoe Houte aboot the latter end of 1801, whes he me pamU 
»eg> Uie Prioceee^ and he hae sley^ in the haaae Iwo or throe nighle 
together. I have often eeen him alone with the Priaeeaa at 11 
or 12 o'clook at night. He haa been. there as late as one and 
two o'oh»ck in the aorniag. One night I eav Aim with ike Prm- 
e4u tn tke Blue Room^ after the Imlies had retired. Some Itape 
qfterwardi, when I supposed he had gone 00 his room, IweeU to 
see thai aU was iafe, and I femd the Blue Rdomdoor locked, 
and heard a whispering in it, astd I weni awasf** Here« ftf<^i^ 
year Mapeety obeerveo that Mr. Cole deab his deadliest blows 
against my charaeter by insinuation* ^nd here, again« his inai-- 
mmtion is left unsifted and unexplained. I here nnderstond him 
to insinnatoy that though he supposed Mr. Lawrence to have gone 
to his room, he was still where he had said he last left him ; and 
that the locked doror prevented him from seeing me and Mr. Law- 
rence alone together* whose whispering, however, he notwith- 
standing overheard. 

Before Sire, 1 come to my own explanation of the fact of Mr. 
Lswrence's sleeping at Montague Hoese, I must again refer to 
Mr. Cole's original declarations* I must again examine Mr. Cole, 
against Mr. Cole, which 1 eannot help lamenting it does not seem 
to have occurred to others to*have done; as I am persuaded, if it 
had, his prevarications and his falsehood could never have escaped 
them. They would then have been able to have traced, as yoar . 
Majesty will now do, through my observations, by what degreee 
he hardened himaelf up to the infamy (for 1 can use no other ex- 
pressiofi) of stoting this fact, by which he means to insinuato that' 
he h^ard me and Mr^ Lawrence, locked np in this Blue Room, 
whispering together, and alone. I am sorry to be obliged to drag 
your Mijeaty through so long a detoil ; but I am confident your 
Miyeaty's goodness, and love of justice, will excuse it, as it is 
essential to the vindication of my character, aa well as to the 
illustrfitton of Mr. Cole's. 

Mr* Cole's examination, as contained in bis first written deda* 
ration, of the 11th of January, has nothiag of this. 1 mean not 
to say that it has nothing concerning Mr. Lawrence, for it has 
much which is calculated to occasioo unfavourable interpretations, 
and given with a view to that object. But that cirevmstanos, as I : 

12. 2n 



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Mbdfit to yoar Majoty, tncreanes the weight of mj obsenrtiioa. 
Hill there been nothing in his first declaration about Mr. Law- 
'HfA^% &I tUf^ it might have been imagined that perhaps Mr. Law- 
ittite eirdaped his recblledtion altogether, or that his declaratton 
bkdlieen solely directed to other persons; hot as it does contaia 
obsecrations respecting Mr. Lawrence, bat nothing of a locked 
door, or the whispering within it, — ^how he happened at that time 
hot to recollect, or if he recollected, not to mention so very strik- 
ing abd i>emarkable a circomslance, is not, I shonid hnagtne, very 
«attsfiiciorily to be explained. His statement in that first decia- 
tation startds thus : ** In 1801, Lawrence, the painter, was ttt 
Montague House for four or five days at a time, parnting the 
Princess's picture. That he was frequently alone late in the 
iitght with the Princess, and much suspicion was entertained of 
him.'* Mr. Cole's next declaration, at least the next which ap- 
pears among the written declarations, was taken on the 14th of 
January ; it does not mention Mr. Lawrence's name, but It ha* 
this passage : *' When Mh Cole found the drawing-room, which 
led to the staircase to the Princess's apartments, locked, (which* 
yonr Majesty knows, is the same which the Witnesses call the 
^loe Ro6m,) he does not know whether any person was with her ; 
tut it appeared odd to him, as he had formed some suspicions/' 
Th6 striking and important observation on this passage is, thitt 
when he first talks of the door of the drawing-room being lod^ed^ 
80 fitk* from his mentioning anything of whispering being o0er- 
iedrd, he expressly says that he did not know that any body Was 
%ith me. The passage is fikewito deserving your Majesty'a «ioat 
'sMous consideration on another gronad $ for it is one of those 
Which shows that Mr. Cole, though we havis fbur separaite decl»- 
ifttioiiB'tttade by him, has certainly madeo^er sM^menta which 
lave not Been transmitted to your Majesty ; for it e^danfly refor& 
lo something which he had said before of having found the d^lv« 
ihg-room door locked ; and no trace of such a slatemetai is di»* 
covehtble in tlie previous examination of Mr. Cole, as I hare 
received it ; and I have no donbt that, in obedience to yont Mft^ 
jeaty^s commands^ I have at length been furnished with the whole. 
i ddhl know, indeed, that it should be matter «if oontplaint from 
tne that your Majesty has not been furnished with all the state- 
'ittents of Mr. Cole, because, from the sample I see of them, I 
cannot suppose that any of them could have fnrnishi;d any things 



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favonmble to lae, wnefi iudce4 thut tbey mighl Imve fomuibed 
•le witli frath meanf of eontradicliof biia by himself. 

Bot your Majesty will see that there have been othtr tMer 
neoU not oonmoiiioaM^ ; a oir^oiiiiiliinoe of which ^|b fpor 
Majesty tod I have reaaon to cqaip^. Bat it may be oiijt of 
its plaoe IdfAer to Aoti<:^ Ibsl fact at preseok 

To fetBRi thorefore to Mr. Cok : — ia hi* thiid 4^lacatioii» 
dated tteiWlli of Jauaary, thero i^ not a word about Mr. Lawwoo* 
In bio foirth and lAat» vfaich 19 dated on tba 934 of Febmary^ bo 
wya ^ the pomoa 1H10 wi^ ah»no wt|h Mie V(4y ^ ht^ bqnni of 
the night (twelve and qne o'olo^}, ^n^ w^m hp M^ filliog ^f 
after ho went to .bed> :v9» Mr* ]>Yxoocfu. Fbioh J^iipj^e^ 4w^ 
diAvoitf aightd.'' Horo io likoj^ioe npiqther ^dofi pt a former 
otatemMit wbiob 4ii not giv^n; ior po sooh p^c^op if mvtioii^ 
befcio n any thot I hiivo boon fMrniajiei* jHl^h. 

Yovr MiiM«(y then bore obfwuo^ tbab sto* livving gp^w 
ovidieooe in two of hie Jodarfitiow, renpoo^g JKr. liPireoco 
by name, in which he mentions nothing of locked doWTs^ m4 afUf 
ba?uig, 10 another rfeclarpil^loB^ gi?^ on OA^oiint of lobbed door» 
bot esprosidy ata^ed th9lt ho know Aot whotbbr aoy one wsa with 
M. within i^ and said wtbiftgiiibopiiibioponnglteiag o«eohdMd» 
bot, impliedly, al leaob negatived it^T— is the deposilM bofaio 
tbo CoBMoissioaoro, be t^nts all ihsoo Ibingo together, aod bfs the 
bandihood to add to them that nsmarkoUe GircajniftOQoe» wJuoh 
ooold not baTO oseaped bio rflcoUootion at the fimt» if. it had boon 
tra^ " of bio having on the ,itame aigbt io which he Jbond m% 
Md Mr. Lawnsnoe alone, after the ladiea were gone to hsd» fomm 
again to the room when he thoogbt Mr. Lawrence moat have bof 11 
votired, and/onnd the door locked andheardthe whispenag;!' ood 
thenagaitt hegioeo another instance of bio hoaestyj and apon tliO 
saflM prihciple on whioh he took no notice of the mania the 0fffl 
ooai, be iinda the door locked, heaps the whisf erjng, andithen bo 
sHenlly and contentedly retires. 

Aod this witness, who tiuio not only vanes in hia testimoay, 
|>nt contnMUcts himself io aach impevtant particolaiia,. is one of 
those who oonnot he oaspoeted of nn&^ott^lo bioiiv suhI wiboae 
vereeily is not to be qnestimied, and whose efidienoe mast be 
credited till decidedly contradicted. 

These ohserf ations might probjibly be deefoe^ s;ifficient, upoi^ 
Mr. CMe'adqp«o»tion, as 4ar as it respcso^ Mr* iMrronof ; bn) I 

3n 2 



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284 

tanitol be salitfied without explaining to jour Majesty, all the 
troth, and the particolan, respeeting Mr. Lawrence, which f 
recollect. 

What I recollect then is as follows : He hegan a large pictore 
of rae, and of my daughter, towards the 'latter end of the year 
1800, or the begtnmng of 1801. Miss Garth and Miss Hayman 
were in the bouse with me at the time. The picture was painted 
at Montague House. Mr. Lawrence mentioned to Miss Hayman 
his wish to be permitted to remain some lew nights in the house, 
that by rising early he might begin painting on the picture, 
before the Princess Chariotte (whose residence being at that tisM 
at Shooter's Hill was enabled to come early,) or myself, came to 
sit It was a similar request to that which had been made by 
Sir William Beeehy, when he painted my picture. And I was 
sensible of no impropriety when I granted the request to either 
of them. Mr. Lawrence occupied the same room which had been 
occupied by Sir William Beeehy ;— it was at the other end of the 
house from my apartment. 

At that time Mr. Lawrence did not dine with me; his dinner 
was serf ed in his own room.— After dinner he came down to the 
room where I and my ladies generally sat iu an erening — some* 
tloies there was music, in which be joined, and sometimes he 
fead poetry. Parts of Sbakspeare's plays I particularly remember, 
from bis reading them very well ; anil sometimes he played chess 
with me. It frequently may have happened that it was one or 
two o'clock before I dismissed Mr. Lawrence and my ladies. 
They, together with Mr. Lawrence, went out of the same door, 
up the same staircase, and at the same time. According to my 
own reoellection I should have said that in no one instaaoe,'^ they 
bad left Mr. Lawrence behind them, alone with me^But I 
suppose it did happ^ once for a short time, since Mr. Lawrence 
so recollects it, as your Majesty will perceive from his deposition, 
which I annex.* He staid in my house two or Uiree nights 

* Mr. Lawrence, (now Sir Thomu Lawrence, portrait painter 
to the King) after qouting the portion of Cole's depositioo above 
referred to, swore, that, although >he had slept several nights at 
Montague House, sod had remained in the presence of her Royal 
Highness as late as twelve, one, or two oVIock, be was never alone 
In her presence, to the best of his recollection and belief, except in 
one single instance, and that for a short time, when he remained 



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285 

tegellMr; but bow many nighU in the whole, I do nol fecolleet. 
The picture left my house by April, 1801, tnfd Mr. Lawrence 
ue? er slept in my bouse afterwards. That pictore now belongs to 
Lady Townsend. He has since completed another picture of 
me; and abool a year and a half ago, be began another, which 
remains at present nnfinished. I belicTe it is near a twehemouth 
since I last sat to him. 

Mr. Lawrence lives upon a' footing of the greatest intimacy 
with the neigbbeuriog ftimilies of Mr. Lock and Mr. Angerstein ; 
and I have asked him sometimes to dine with roe to meet them. 
While I was sitting to him at my own house, 1 have no doubt I 
moat often have sat to him alone ; as the necessity for the pre- 
caution of having an attendant as a witness to protect my honour 
froai suspicion, certainly never occurred to me. And upon the 
principle, I do not doof>t that I may have sometimes con- 



with her Royal Hlghnem in the Blue Room, to answer lome question 
which bad been put to hbn» at the moment be waa about to retire, 
together with the ladies in waiting, who had been 'previously 
present as well as himself, an^ though he could not recollect the 
particulars of the conversation vrhicb then took place, he roost 
solemnly swore, that nothing pasted between her Royal Highness and 
himself, which he could have had the least objection for all the 
world to have seen and heard. Mr. Lawrence further swore, that 
he was never alone in the presence of her Royal Highness in any 
other place, or in any other way, than as here described ; and that 
neither upon the occasion last mentioned, nor upon any other, was 
he ever in the presence of her Royal Highness, in any room what* 
ever, with the door locked, bolted, or fastened, otherwise than in 
the comoMn or usual manner, which left it in the power of any 
person on the outside of the door to open it. 

This deposition was sworn before Mr. Leach, at the public office 
Hatton Garden, on the 24th of September 1806. It is worthy of 
paiticuiar remark, that the Prince of Wales must have placed 
Implicit confidence in Mr. Lawrence's oath, and therefore have 
totally disbelieved that of Cole's; otherwise, when his Royal 
Bighness subsequently became Regent, he would not have conferred 
upon Mr. Lawrence the honour of knighthood ; nor would he now 
retain him as his portrait painter. This fkct is highly important 
to the case of her late Majesty ; and as highly honourable to the 
feelings and justice of the King, who, had he really entertained any 
strong degree of vindictiveness against his illustrious consort, would, 
most assuredly, have acted in a very difTerent manner towards a 
person of whom such serious hints had been given, and that, too« 
upon oath, relative to his conduct with the Princess of Wales, 



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Imued m foov^Mtion wilii his after he had finiabed painiiiig. 
Bat whea sitting ia fafa oi«a boaae, I have always heeo attended 
with one of my ladies. — ^Aad indeed aolhing ia the examinaiioDs 
state the contrary. One part of Mrs. Lisle's examinatiet* seeaa 
as if she had a qnestioa pot to Iter, upon the aappoaitido that I 
bad been left alone with Mr. Utwreaee at bis owji bouse; to 
which she answers, that she indeed had left we there, hyt that aha 
ihitiki she left Mrs. Fitzgerald wiA) lae. 

If an iof^r^^ af an unCavonrajMe nature could bare been daaws 
from ray having been left there alone, — was it. Sire, lakiag ail 
that care which might be wished, to guard against snob tn infer* 
enee on the part of the Couunissiojiers, wlien they omitlad to aeod 
for Mrs. Fitzgerald to ascertain what Mrs, lisle may have left in 
doabt The Commissioners, I give tbesi the fullest csadit, wars 
satisfied, that Mrs. Lisle thought correctly apqn. this fact, and 
that Mrs. Fitzgerald, if she had been sent for again, would ao have 
proved it, and therefore that it would have beao troubling ber 
to no purpose. But this it is, o( which I conceive myself to have 
most reason to complain, that the examinations in several in- 
stances have not been followed up so as to remove unfovourabie 
impressions. 

I cannot but feel satisfied that the Commissioiiers would have 
been glad to have been warranted in negativing all criminality; 
and all suspicion on this part of the charge, as completely and 
honourably as they, have done on the principal charges of preg- 
nancy and delivery. They traced that part of the charge with 
abiiity, sagacity, diligence, and peraeveranee ; and the result waa 
complete satisfaction of my innocence; complete detection of the 
falsehood of my accusers. Encouraged by their success in that 
part of their inquiry, I lament that they did. not, (as they tbougbt 
proper io enter into the other part of it at all,} with similar 
industry pursue it. If they had, I am confident they would have 
pursued it with the same success, but though they had convicted 
Sir John and Lady Doughis of falsehoods they seem to have 
Ijbooght it %wip9$nble to su^ct of the same Atlsehood any other 
W th« witnesses^ though podaced by Sir John and Lady Doaglaa. 
The most obvious means therefore of trying their credit, by com- 
jMuring their evidence witli what th^y had said before, seems to 
me to have been omitted. Many facts are left upon surmise only 
and insinuation; abtious means of getting farther information on 



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287 

doiMiil aad mMpicioos eircoidslMMefl are tioi reiortod lo ; and, 
aa if tbe important matter of the iaqairy (ea i^hieh a •atiafactory 
oaodoaion bad been fomied) waa all that required inj very atten- 
tiTO or aceorate conaideration ; the remainder of it waa pnraued in 
a manner whieh, aa it eeema to me, oan onty ho aoeoonted for by 
the fireaaare of what may ha? e been deeaaed mora important dutiea 
—-and of thia I should have made but little complaint, if this 
mqmry, whore it is imperfect, hted not been followed by a Report, 
whieh the moataocnrale only could ha? e jnetified, and wlrich aoeh 
an aceorate inqmry, I am eonfideut, never coald have produced. 

If any credit Iras given to Mr. Cole's story of the locked door, 
and the whispering; and to Mr. Lawrence having been left with 
me so ftequenCly of a liigfat when my ladies had led us, why were 
Ml all my ladies examined ? If by were not all my servanU ex- 
amined as to their knowledge of that ihct ? And if they bad been 
ao examined, and had contradicted the fact so sworn to by Mr. 
Cole, aa they must have done, had they been examined to 
it ; that alone would .have been sufficient to have removed his 
name from the list of unsuspected and nnquestionable witnesses, 
and relieved me from mneh of the suspicion, which his evi- 
dence, till it waa examined, was calculated to have raised in 
yoor Majesty's mitfd. — And to close this statement, and these 
ohsenrationa in additbn to them, — I most solemnly assert to 
your Ifajekty, thai Mr. Lawrence, neither at hia own honse, nor 
at milie, nor any where else, ever was for one moment by night 
or by day, in the name loom with me when the door of it waa 
kckod ; thai he never waa in my company of an evening alone, 
except the nmmentary conversation which Mr. Lawrence speaka 
to, mhy ha thought an exception ; and that nothing ever paased 
letween him and me whieh all the world might not have witneased. 
And, Sire, I have Mb|oiaod a deposition to the same eAct from 
avr. JUiwffmic^ 

Tb aatiafy myself, therefore, and yoor Majeaty, I have shown, 
1 tmat, by nnanaweraUe obaervations and arguments, that there 
ia 10 ooloor for endlting Mr. Cok, or, oonseqnently, any part of 
Ihia ehaETge, which veata solely on his evidence. Bnt to satisfy 
the reqoisitinn of the Oommiasioiiirs, 1 have brought my pride 
to snbmU, (thmigh not without grsat pain, I can aaaore yonr 
Misjeaty) to add the only contradictiona which I oenceive can be 
gfven, tbooe of Mr. Lawfouoe and myself* 



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288 

The next pertoD with whom ibase exajniiiatitina chaigf ay 
improper familiarity, and with regard to which the Beporl.rapcw* 
sents the evidence aa particularly strong* is Captain Ataohge.' 
With respect to him, Mr. Cole's examinatioa is aileiit.— Bitl tiia* 
evidence, on which the Commisaihnera nly on thir part of the 
case, is Mr. Bidgood's, Miss Fanny Lloyd's, and Mrs. liale'a* 
-*-It respects my conduct at three different places ; at Montagiio 
House, Southend, and at Rarosgate. I shall preserve the fiiets 
and my observations more distinct, if I consider the evidence, u 
applicable to these three places, separately, and in its order ; and 
I prefer this mode of treating it, as it will enable me to consider 
the evidence of Mrs. Lisle in the first place> and consequently fyL% 
it out of the reach of the harsher observations^ which I may bo 
under the necessity of making, upon the testimony of the other 
two. For though Mrs. Lisle, indeed, speaks to having seen 
Captain Manby at East Cliff, in August, 1803, to the best of her 
remembrance it was only once. She speaks to his meeting her at 
Deal, in the same season ; that he landed there with some boys 
whom I took on charity, and who were under his care ; yet she 
speaks of nothing there thlit can require a single dbservetion 
from me. — The material parts of her evidence respects her seeing 
him at Blackheath, the Christmas before she had seen him at East 
Cli£ She says, it was the Christmas after Mr.. Austin's child 
came, consequently the Christmas 1802-3.— He nsed to oome to 
dine there, she says — he always went away in her presence, and 
she had no reason to think he staid after the ladies retired. He 
lodged on the Heath at the time, his ship was fitting up at 
Deptford ;* be came to dinner three or fonr times a week or more, 
^She supposes he might be alone with the Princess, bnt.ihat 
she was in the habit of seeing gentlemen and tradesmen withool 
her being present. She (Mrs, lisle) has aeon him at laneheon 
and dinner boUi. The boys (two boys) came with him two or 
three times, but not to dinner. Captain Manbiy always sat next 
the Princess at dinner. The constant company were Mrs. and 
Miss Fitzgerald, and herself-^all retired with the Princess, end 
sat in the same room. Captain Manby generally retired abont 
eleven ; and sat with ns all till then. Captain Manby and the 
Princess used, when we were together, to be speeking together 
separately, conversing separately, but not in a. room eloOe. He 
was a person with whom the Princess appeared to base grsnter 



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fleastire in talkingr than with her ladies. Her Royal HtgbDcss 
beba?ed to him only as any v^mwa would who likes JUf^ing, 
Sit^THrs. UsleJ would not have thought any married woman 
umdd have behaved properly, who behaved as her' Royal High- 
ness did to Gapfatn Manby. She can't say whether the 
PrincesM vfos attached to Captain Manby, on/y that it was a 
flirting conduct. She nefcr saw any gallantriea, aa kissing her 
Inuid, or tbe like/' 

I have cautiously staled the whole of Mrs. Lisle's evidence 
upon this part of the case ; and I am sore your Majesty in reading 
i^, will not fail to keep the hcis, which Mrs. Lisle speaks to, 
separate from, tbe opinion, or judgment, which she forms upon 
Uiam. I mean not to speak disrespectfully, or slightingly, of 
Mrs. Lisle's opinion; or express myself as In any degree in- 
diftrent to it. But whatever there was, which she observed in 
my conduct, that did not become a married woman, that '' was 
/ONLY like a woman who liked flirting,'' and " only a flirting 
eenduct,'' I son convinced yoor Majesty must he satisfied that it 
most have been far distant from aflbrding any evidence of crime, 
of vice> or of indecency, as it passed openly <in the company of 
my ladies, of whom Mrs. Lisle herself was one; 

The facts she states are, that Captain Manby came very fre- 
quently to my house ; that he dined there three or four times a week 
in the latter end of the year 1809; that he sat next to me at dinner ; 
and that my conversation af\er dinner, in the evening, used to be 
with Captain Mamby, separate from my ladies. These are the 
filets; and it is upon them that my character, I will not say, is to 
be taken away, but is to be affected. 

Captain Manby had, in the autumn of the same year, been 
introduced to me by Lady f*ownsend^ when I was upon a visit to 
her at Rainham. I think he came there only the day before I 
left it He was a naval officer, as I understood, and as I still 
believe, of great merit. What little expense, in the way of 
charity, I am able to afford, I am best pleased to dedicate to the 
education of the children of poor, but honest persons; and I 
most generally bring them up to the service of the navy. I had 
at that ,time two boys at school, whom I thought of an age fit 
to be put to sea. I desired Lady Townsend to prevail upon 
Captkin*Manby to take them. He consented to it, and of course 
I was obliged to him. 

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$80 

About this tune^ or •horily aftenrards, he was tf poiDted to ^he 

-Afriflahe» a Mf wbkh rwu fining ap at Doptford. To be near 
Jhia ship^ ai| J underaUod And briiofe> he look lodglogs at Black* 
iieclti > •''^ ^ ^ ^^^ "^^ fiiUbt of hia being so frequently at my 
^os^A— Us ioljunacy and friendship idth Itord and Lady Tow»* 

. a^Mf ^hkh of itself waa asaiiraiica to tie of his reapoctability 
aiid character, my pleasure in showing any respect to them, bj 
notice and attention to a friend of tbeirs^^-^his undertaking the care 
tiimj charity boya^and Ua accidental residence at Blackheath, 
will, J should tmsl^ not unreasonably aecount for it I have a 
similar account likewise to give of paying for the linen fomituro 
with which his cabin was furnished. Wishing to make him some 
return fy€ hia trouble with the boyt, I desired that I might choaae 
the pattern of hia fumituie. I not only chose it, but had it aent 
to him^ and paid the bill; findioc, however, that it did not coma 
to mora than about twenty pounds, I thought it a shabby pitaeiit» 
and therefore added some trifling present of plate. So I have fi!W- 
quantly doae, and I hope witliout oflfeace may be permilled to do 
again to aay oaptain on whom I impose such trouble. Sir Samuel 
Hood has now two of my qharity boys with him, and I have pro* 
sented him with a silver eporgue. I should be ashamed to aMition 
aneh things, but your MiJ^^y perceives .that they are made the 
aulyect of Inquiry from Mrs, Fitzgerald and Mr. StUcemaa, aud 
I was desirous that they ahoald not appear to be partionlar in the 
ease of Captain Manhy. 

Bal to vetnm to Mrs. Lisle^s examination. Mrs. Usle eaya 
Aat Captain Maahy, when he dined with me, aat next to aie a 
dinner. Before any inference ia drawn from that fact, I am sura 
your Majesty wall obsenKO that, in the next lipe of Mrs. Lisle'a 
examination, ahe says, " that the conilant company was Mrs. and 
Miss Fitxgerald, and heiaelf, Mra. LhW^ The only geutieman« 
the only person of the whole party who was not of my own fiimily, 
was Captain Manby ; and hia sittiag next to me, under such oar 

'cumstaoces, I should apprehend, coald not possibly afford aaiy 
inference of any kind. In the eveoiug we were never alone. The 
whole company sat together; nay, evee as to hia beiag with nie 
alone of a momiDg, Mn|. Liale seems to know nothing of the fact 
Biit from a conjecture, fonoded npon her knowledge of my known 

/osuaJ habit with respect to s^ing gentlemetf wl|o might call upoai 
me! And the very foundation of her conjecture demonatralea that 



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lUs GunaiUiice wi be m evideBOfi of any fehiog ptKicalar wllh 
ngaid to CopUiia M»nby« 

As to my confersiDg with Captain Hanby aeparateiy, I do not 
uiidorataad Mro. Lisle as weaning to apeak to tbe state of the oon- 
venalioii nniolerrnptedly daring the whole of any of the^aeveral 
evenings when Captain Manby waa with me; if I did so ondeir- 
stand her, I should eertainly most confidently asgerttha^she'iMia 
not eereecL That in the course of the efeningi as th^ ladiea weire 
working* readings or otherwise amusing themseYns, the eo/ht^N 
sation wan sometimes more and sometimes less general ; and that 
they sometimes took more, sometimes less part in it ;-»diat fre- 
fuently it was between Captain Maaby and myself alone ; and 
that, when we were together, we two might freqnently he the 
only persons not othttrwise engaged, and therefore be jestly said 
to be speaking together separately. Besides, Captain Manby baa 
been ronnd the world with Captain VaneooTre. I have looked over 
piints in books of voyages with him; he has explained them to 
me; the ladies may or may not have been looking over them at 
the same time; they may have been engaged with their own 
amosementa. Here again we may be said to have been conversing 
separately, and coneeqoently that Mrs. lisle, in this sense, is 
pedectly justified in saying that ^ I used to converse separately 
with Captain Ma^by/* I havo not the least difienlty in admitting. 
Bat have I not again reason lo oomplaio that this expression of 
Mrs. LisleVi was not niore sifted, bnt left in a manner calculated 
to raise an impression that this separate conversation was studl- 
eosly sought (or, was constant, onUbrm, and nniutenwpted, though 
it by no means asserts any such thing P Bnt whether I used ai^ 
may$ so to converse with him, or generaify, or only Mfm^hmer, 
or fiv what proportion of the evening I used to be so engaged, is 
left nnaaked and unexplained. Have I not likewise Just reason to 
complaiir, that though Mrs, Lisle states that Mrs. and Miss FiXt^ 
gerijd were always of the party, they are not both examined to these 
circnmstances ? But Miss Fitzgerald Is not examined at alt 'and 
Mrs. Fitzgerald^ though examined, and examined too with renpect 
to Captain Mauby# does not appear to have had a single question 
pat to her with ;espeet toany thing whiefa passed coiiceruihg him 
at Montague House. May I not therefore complain that the ex- 
amination, leaving the generality of Mrs. Lisle^s expression uiiex- 
phaoed by herself, and the scenes to which it relates unexamined 
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into, by calling the other penoiw who ivere present, is le«vbg«it 
precisely in that slate which is better calculated to rai^e a attspi- 
cjon than to ascertain the truth P 

But I am persuaded that the unfavourable impression whteii i« 
most likely to be made by Mrs. Lisle's examination, is nq^ by her 
evidence to the facts, but by her opinion upon them. " I ap*^ 
peared/' she says, '* to like the conversation of Captain Matiby 
better than that of my ladies. I behaved to him aniy aa a womaii 
who likes flirting ; my conduct was unbecoming a married wooMn f^ 
she cannot say whether I was attached to Captain Manby or not ; 
it was " only a flirting conduct" Now, Sire, I mast here again 
most seriously complain that the Commissioners shoold have ccdied 
for, or received, and muob more reported, in- this minner,* the 
opinion and judgment of Mrs. Lisle upon my conduct. Yonr 
Majesty's warrant purports to authorize them to collect the evi- 
dence, and not the opinions of others, and to report it, with their 
own judgment burely, and not Mrs. Lisle^. Mrs. Lisle's judsr. 
ment was formed upon those foots which she stated to the Com- 
missioners, or upon other facts. If upon those stated, the Com- 
missioners, and your Majesty, are as well able to form the 
judgment upon them as she was. If opon other fecte, the Com- 
missioners should have heard what those other facts were, and 
upon them have formed and reported tl>eir judgment 

I am aware, indeed, that if J were to argue that the fiicte 
which Mrs. Lisle sUtes afibrds the explanation of what she means 
by " only flirting conduct," and by " behaviour nnbecoroing a 
married woman;" namely, that it consisted in having the same 
gentleman to dine with me three or four times a week ; — letting 
him sit next me at dinner, when there were no other strangers in 
company ;— conversing with him separately, and appearing In 
prefer his conversation to that of the ladies^-^it would be observed, 
probably, that this was not all ; that there was always a oertsin 
indescribable something in monntfr, whicli gave the character 
to conduct, and must have entered mainly into such a judgment as 
Mrs. Lisle has here pronounced. 

To a certain extent I should be obliged to agi«e to this ; but if 
,1 am to have any prejudice from this, observation, if it is to give 
a weight and authority to Mrs. Lisle's judgmenr, let me have the 
advantage of it also. If it justifies the conclusion that Mrs. 
Lisle's censure upon my conduct is right, it requires also that 



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«|UKlr«r«ilH sfaould be given to the qariiiicatioii^ th^limit^ and the 
retlrictioD, ^bich she herself p uts upon that censnre. ' 

Mra. lisle^ seeing all the faets which she relates, and observing 
Diiiefa of manner, which perhaps she could not describe, limits 
llie expreaaion^ " flirting conduct/^ by calling it ** only flirting;** 
and Bays, (npon having the question asked her, no doubt, whe- 
ther, from the whole she conid collect, that I was attached tO 
Captain Manby,) *' she could not say whether I was attached 
to htm ; my conduct was not of a nature that proved any attach- 
wnt to him; it was only a flirting conduct." Unjust there- 
te^, as I think it, that any such question should have been put 
to Mrs. Lisle, or' that her judgment should have been taken at 
all, yet what' I fear from it» as pressing with peculiar hardship 
upon me, is, that though it is Mrs. Lisle's final, and ultimate, 
jodgment npon the whole of my conduct, yet, when delivered to 
the Cooimisaioners and your Majesty, it becomes evidence, which, 
connected with all the iiekcts on which Mrs. Lisle had formed it, 
■ay lead to still further and more unfavourable conclusions in the 
ainde of those who are afterwards to judge upon it; — that her 
jadgment will be the foundation of other judgments against me, 
moeb severer than her own ; and that though she evidently limits 
her opinion, and by saying ** only flirting/' impliedly negatives 
it as affording any indication of any thing more improper, while 
she proceeda espresdy to negative it as afibrding any proof of 
atftMhment ; yet it may be thought by others to justify their con- 
sidering it as a species of conduct which showed an attachment to 
the man to whom it was addressed ; which, in a married woman, 
w» eriminal and wrong. 

What Mrs. Lisle exactly means by anfy flirting conduct— what 
degree of impropriety of conduct she would describe by it, it is 
extremely difficult, with any precision, to ascertain. How many 
moaea are there, most virtuous, most ti'oly modest, incapable of 
any thing impnre, vtcions, or immoral, in deed or thought, who, 
feom greater vivacity of spirits, from less natural reserve^ from 
that want of caution, which the very consciousness of innocence 
hetm>a them into, conduct themselves in a manner which a woman 
ef a graver character, of more reserved disposition, but not with 
one particle of superior virtue, thinks too incautious, too un- 
reeecved, too familiar ; and which, if forced upon her oath to give 



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hflr ^ffuamt optm it, $ke migkH feel iieraeK, as $m ImmH mmmmi 
boaad to tay^ in IImI ^^dkmi, «(«• flirtnig P 

Bal wbatorer sens* Mm. Lisb anaesai to Um word «« iirtiBg/^ 
it M e?id«nt» «■ I said before^ that abe tfaanat aeaa any Umg 
criminal, vioMiia, or indaceol, or any thing witfa tbe fteaat ahada 
of deepar Impropriety tiian what ia neoeaaarily aapreiaad ia Hia 
word '* flirting." Sho nevor woold have added, aa she doea ia 
both tflitanoes, that it waa •' only Sirtiog/' if t^t had thoaght H 
of a quality to be recorded in a formal Report, among cirattm*- 
atances which must occaaion the moit nnCivourable interprebir 
tion, and which deaerved the moat Bcrtoos cooaideration of year 
Majeaty. To use it ao, I am aore your hThjeity maat aee ia 
to preaH it far beyond the meaning which she would aaaign to 
it heraelf^ 

And aa I ha¥a admitted that there may be much indeacrJbaUe in 
the manner of doing any thing, ao it amat be admitted to me that 
there ia much indescribid>le, and most material alao, ia the nsaiMcr 
of saying any thing, and in the accent with which It is said. Tbe 
whole context serves much to explain it ; and if it ia to aaawer to 
a question, the manner and the accent ui which it ia aaked are aiaa 
most material to understand the precise maaniag which the a « p a a » 
atona are intended to convey ; and I mnat lament, therslbra, ai^ 
tremely, if aiy character is to be affected by the opinion of any 
witoeaa, that the question by which that opiniaii was drawn fasm 
her were not given too^ as well as her anawers ; and if tUa laqairy 
had been proseeoted before your Msjesty'a Privy Couneit, the 
more aolemn and usual course of prooeediog thaca would, aa I «■ 
informed, have furnished, or enabled roe to furnish, yonr Ifajaatgf 
irith the qneationa as well as the answera. 

Mrs. Lisle, it shoald also be observed, waa, at the time of bar 
examination, under the severe oppression of having, but a few 
days before, heard of the death of her daughter,«*a daughter wba 
had been happily married, and who had lived happily wi^ bar 
husband, in mutual attachment, till her death. The very circum^ 
stance of her then aitoation would natorally givo a graver aad 
aeverer cast to her opinions. When tlie question waa proposed to 
her, aa a general qaestion, (and I prsaume it maal have bean ao 
put to her,) whether my oondact waa such as would becease a mar- 
ried woman, posaibly her own daughter's conduct, and what aha 



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MiM litY# espected <it hm, MfblfntMi llnetf !• bar wind. 
And I Mofidettlly aobitiit to jmt Mi^ly'* bitter >a4gMpiti HM 
imb •^•seMi ^piealtoo ongbi imI» ia a ftit %wi wo^cmMmvir 
ijm of «y mme, to bave been pot U Ml*. Litle, or a^y olbae 
WAfliUi. Fort* to my ooqikct boing^ or mi keimSs bcooniog a 
VMnnried woimmi, Ibo oane ooiid«et» or any Ibbig lib#. it, wbiek 
iwiy.oacar in ny oaaa, ooald not ocenr in tbe cmm^f a Bamod 
wmiMB nho vas not. Itving in ay anferlonalo Mtaatioa; or if il 
did #cottr« it nuot ocoor under eircumataiioea vbieb laaat gtvo H, 
and moat deservedly^, a rery difieroot ebaiactir. A married 
woman, living well and bappily with her haeband, eovM not be 
i^eqpntttly having one gentleman at her taUe^ with no other earn* 
pany but ladies of her fiunily ;— «he coaM not be spending het 
evonings frequently in tbe same society, and separately eonvem- 
lAg witb thai gentleman* nnless eilher with tbe privity and osn* 
sent of her hnsband, or by taking advantage, with soaM manage* 
sseut»of his ignoranee and his absence ;-r-4f it was wiiMi hk privity 
«a4 consent, that very circanistanoe alone wonld nnquestienabiy 
alter tbe ebaracter of soeh condnct ; — if with management she 
avowed bis knowledge, that very management weold betny a bad 
m^vei The esses thersfare are not parallel ;--4be illnslration 
in not. jnst;T-and the qnsation which oalled for snob an answer 
tf^ Min. Lisle onght not, in candour nnd fairaeas^ to have 
NmnpeW 

I entreat your Miyesty, however, not to minanderstandsM^-* 
I nhonld be ashamed indeed te be suspected of pleading any |>eeii» 
Kar or mrfwrtnnate ckcnmatanc^ in my siti^aion, as an excuse 
ior any cQpinaL.or indecent act. With respect to such acts, most 
nnqvestionably, socb circumstanceB can make no difference,— ^and 
afibrd no excnaer They must bear their own character of disgfaen 
nnd iniMny, nader nU eircnmstances. But there are acta which 
nmnnbneoniing a mnivied woman, which ought to be avoided by 
bir, from an appiebension lent they should render her hnsband 
nneasy, not because thay might give him any reason to distrust her 
ebsatity, her virtue, pr her moraku but because they might wonad 
bif ,4snUngs, li^ Indicating a prefarence to the aocifty of another 
mfi» ^nuei.bis, in a ease where she had the option of both. But 
' surely, as to snob acts, they mnsinecessarily bear a very difieient 
ebeii^tepr, and r#ceif s a very dUferent ennstmctaon in a case where, 
unhappily, there can be nn soch apprehension^ and wheiw there ia 



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296 

no 8ucb opiion. I most (herefore be'exciwed lor dwelling ra 
«it«bi«poo this part of thU case ; and I am sure your Majealj Witt 
Csel meirarratited in saying, what I say with a confidence-etactl^' 
pvofPSrUoned 4o the respteetabiHty of Mrs. Ltsl^s character^ ^tjSav 
wbatofershesieant by any of tb^e expressions, she could mi^f 
pjiisslbility^ bave meant to describe condu^ wliicb, to~ her ijffnd|' 
affinded eWdenee of crime, rice, or indecency. If site bad^^hef 
•sgard'tq her owit character; herowmffeKcacy, her own bonoiirahfitf 
andmtUoas'feeltngs, won9d> in less than the two y^ra which haVi^ 
sioc^eiapaed, have fonnd some excuse for separating herselY fronr 
thafc iaiimato conneoiiou which, by her situation in tny hoasebold,"' 
subsists between us. She would not have remained exposed' trf 
ike repelition ef so gross an offence, and insult, to a modest, vir-^ 
tuous, and delicate woman, as that of being made, night by night; 
witness toaeeaea^ openly acted in ber presence, ofiensite* to virtue 
and deaoriMiL 

iryour Majeaty Uiiaka I have dwelt loo long, and tediously, oM 
ihiapart of the case, I entreat your M sjesty to thhik what I hiosf 
feei open it. I feel it a great hardship, as I hare freitfoentty stated; 
that under the cover of a grave charge of ' Htg'h 'fVeason, the pro* 
prijatiea and decencies' of my privste conduct and behaviour bkve 
been .made the subject, as I believe so ftnpredetitedly; of a fbrtnsff 
investigation jupon oatb. Attd that, in coasejnence of if, I ttit^ 
at this moment be exposed to the danger of forfeitiiig' fMrtf^* 
Migesty's good opinion, and betiig degraded and dls^iieit, ^'^ 
reputation, tbroiigh the country, because what MVi, U^k tiiAH^ttiP 
of .my conduct,«^tfaat it was " only that of %-iiiroman '#ho''l1l^ 
flitting,'' has become recorded in thte Report on • this'' ibMilH 
iBfqairy^ made into matters of grave «i9mes, and of ^sentihl^^ 
importance to the state. . •. .• !t»#^ 

Let me .conjure your Majesty, over am) over agalff, bdftre*;^ 
suffer. this circumstance to prejudice wie 'mitktt opinldn, not'biAy 
to weigh all the circumstances I hatebtati^d, huf lofo^HrrbtfrA iti#'' 
fimt iranks of female virtiie in Ibis country; and scfe h6w dtHhy 
women thece ar« of oiosl ommpeaehed- reputation, of mosifanittl^^ 
limlqssi unsaspected bMioar> «lmraaier and virtad, iHiose cK m* i ft ^ * 
though Uving. kappiiy with their huabatids, If ^ftbmiltdd'W'^fie^ 
jodgnmot nf persons of a soveiwi»«aat of m*^,- eapmsiiOfy if MtfO^ 
doMdcat themoment^calMiiiiy, might be styM td be^'flirfht^l 
I wvnUkaotdwwewr-b^swdeMloed as intending id represent 'SMT^' 

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Listens' ju^meiii as being likely to be luarkeii with any kn|iraper 
tQfterity^ and therefore I ftm certain she must ehber have had no 
idea'tbaft itte expreaaioos abe 'baa oaed, ill the imuiBar whieh abe 
oaed iheai, Were capable of being: underatood hi ao aerioua a light 
U to' be rdbrred to amongat circuoiataocea deaerving the oioat 
aeriooa aouitderalion^ anU which maat occaaioii moat liofevourabte 
interprettttfooa ; or she vaiuti, by the impoaing uovehy of hejf 
aitiiatfoii, io pt-irate examination Wore fotiraach grave eharieteni, 
Mate been'Biirj)r^ed into the nae of expreaaidtia vhich, with a 
better opportc/hUy of weighing them, ahe would either not have 
vaed at til!, or htv ^ accompanied with atiff) more of 4{QalificaiidA 
than that wblcfa alie has« bowever^in aome degreif, aa it ia^ an- 
nexed to them. 

Bui ttijr> great complaint ia the having,, not partrcularly Mrs. 
liale'* opinibn, but any peraon'a opinion aet up, aa it were, ii^ 
Jodgmeut againat the propriety of my pritate cbudiict: Bfow 
Would it b6 eidured that tbejudgmeutof one mi^n allould be ask^fj)^ 
and recordW in a aoleuin Report^ againat the conduct of another, 
tttber with reapect to hia behaviour to hia diildreD,or tohiB tvife; 
Or to any etiier rtiaiive 7 How would it be Endured in general, 
And I truA that my caae ought not, in thia resp$ct;'^tb' (iivm an'exi 
Oeption, that one woman abould, !n a simitai* manner, l»e' placed In 
judgment upon the conduct 6Y knofter? ^ And't'hat judghiebt bi^ 
^pbfied, where her character wae of moat ihiportanoe to her, aa 
amongat tbinga wbieh moat be cr^ited till decide^y contradicted t 
Let every one put theae queationa home to tlieir own brea^ta,' an( 
bef{>re they impute blame to me for prot^ting against the feirqea i 
ftnid juatice of thia procedure, ask how they would' feel upoi^'it if i , 
were theit own caae ? 

But perbapa they cannot bring .flieir imaginations to conc^iv^ 
that it could ever become their own case. A few months i^go t 
could not bnve believed that it would have been 'mine. 
' But the juat ground of my complaint may perhaps be mor^ 
eiMily appreciated and felt bv supposing a more familiar, bqt an 
iiiatogoua qaae* fbe high t^oaaou with which I waa charged; 
W|tfi a^ppo^ed to be committed, in the foUl crime of adultery. W^al* 
Would be theimpreapionof.your Majeaty, what would be the fm; 
preasi(>n upon the mind of any one acquainted with the, excellent 
lawa of yoqr. Mi^eaty'a kingdom, and the admirable adrainialration 
of them, if upon a commiasiou of this kind, secretly to inquire 
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i.nto the conduct of any man upoa a charge of High Treaao* 
against Uie state, tba Commissioners should not only proceed l9 
inquire whether, in the jud'gment of the witness, the conduct of the 
accused was such as became a loyal subject ; but when the result 
of their inquiry obliged them to report directly again^thechargff 
of treason^ ^^^y* nevertheless, should record an in^putation, or libel^ 
againpt hi> chi^racter for loyalty, and reporting, as part of the ey'if 
dence, the opinion of the witness, that the conduct of the accused 
was SQch as did not become a loyal subject^ should further report, 
that the evidence of that witness, without specifying any part of 
it, must be credited till decidedly contradicted, and deserved tb« 
most serious cpnpideration P How could he appeal from that Re^ 
port ? How could he decidedly contradict the opinion of the wit| 
nesa? Sire, there is no difference between this supposed case 
and mine, but this, that in the case of the man, a chtkacter for 
loyalty, howevi^r injured, could not be destroyed .by such an insin-> 
uation. His Cuti;re life might give him abundant opportunities of 
falsifying the justice oixi. But a female character, once so blast- 
ed, what hope or phance has it of recovery ? 

Your Majesty will not fail to perceive that I have pressed this 
part of the pase with an earnestness which shows that ITiave felt 
it. I have do wibh to disguise from your Majesty, that I have felt 
it, and felt it strongly. It is the only part of the cas^, which I 
conceive to be in the least degree against me, that rests upon a 
withiess who is at all worthy of your Majesty's credit. How un- 
fair it is that auy thing she has said should be pressed against me^ 
t trust I have sufficiently shown. In canvassing, however^ ,^''^/4 
Listens evidence, I hope I have never forgot what was due to Mrs, 
Lisle, t have been as anxious not to do her injustice, aa to do 
justice to myself. I retain the same respect and regard for Mrs. 
tiisle now as I ever had. If the unfavourable impressions, which 
the Commissioners seem to suppose, fairly arise out of the ex- 
pressions she has used, I am confident they will be understood in 
a sense which was never intended by her. And 1 should scorn to 
purchase any advantage to myself at the expense of the slightest 
imputation unjustly cast upon Mrs. Lisle, or any one else. ^ 

Leaving, therefore, with these observations, Mrs. Lisle's evi^ 
dence, I must proceed to the evidence of Mr. Btdgood. The parts 
of it which apply to this part of the case, I mean my conduct to 
Captain Manby at Montague House, I shall detail. They are as 



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Vftllows: "I first observed Captain Manby cone to Montagoe 
Uotise either at the end of 180S, or the beginning of 1804. I 
was waiting one day in the anti-room ; Captain Manby had his hat 
in his hand, and appeared to be going away ; he was a long time 
irith the Princess, and, as I stood on the st^ps waiting, I looked 
into the room in which' they were, and, in the retfection on the 
looking-glass, I saw them salute each other. I mean that they 

I kissed each other's lips. Captain Manby then went away. I 

then observed the Princess have her handkerchief in her hands, 
ahd wipe her eyes, as if she was crying, and went into the draw- 
ing-room.'' In his second deposition, on the 3d July, talking of 
hll suspicions of what passed at Southend, he says, "they arose 
(Vom seeing them kiss each other, as I mentioned before, lil^e 

i people fond of each other ; a very close kiss.'' 

In these extracts from his depositions there can undoubtedly be 

I no complaint of any thing being left to inference. Here is a fact 

vhich must unquestionably occasion almost as unfavourable inter- 
pretations as any fact of the greatest impropriety and indecorum, 
kbsrt of the proof of actual erime. And this fact is positively 
and affirmatitely sworn to. And if this witness is truly repre- 
sented, as one who must be credited till he is decidedly contra- 
dicted, and the decided contradiction of the parties accused should 
be considered as unavailing, it constitutes a charge which cannot 
possibly be answered. For the scene is so laid that there is no 
eye to witness it but his own ; and therefore there can be no one 
who can possibly contradict him, however false his story may be, 
hot the persons whom he accused. As for me. Sire, there is no 
node, the most solemn that can be devised, in which I shall not 

I he anxioos and happy to contradict it. And I do here most 

solemnly, in the face of Heaven, most directly and positively 
affirm, that it is as foul, malicious, and wicked a falsehood as ever 
was invented by the malice of man. Captain Manby, to whom I 
have been under the necessity of applying for that purpose, in the 
deposition which I annex,* roost expressly and postively denies 

• The deposition of Captain Manby is too important to be cur- 
tailed ; and therefore, especially as it isr very short, the reader shall 
have it at length in this note :^ 

"Having had read to me the following passage, from the Copy 
of a Deposition of Robert Btdgood, sworn the 6tb of June last, be-. 
fore Lords Spencer and Grenville, viz. 

2 P2 

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aw) 

iit{s^l»i. Beyond Uie«« our 4wo doaitU, there is voUiiBg/wbicli tan 
hy pp^bilily \)e dir^etfy opposed to Mr. Bidgood's o? ideDoei-^ 
;^\\ that reinam to be done is |o exaieioe Mr. Bidgood'e cvedil^ 
#ud.to 9ee how. ^af he deserves th^r character which ihe Ceonii«- 
sioDoi s yi ve to him. How uofouodedly they g^ve such a chMMler 
io Mr.Cole^ yoqr Majesty^ I am satisfied, must be fully coqvmi^^ 
,, ^ /Biippo^e there must be some mistake, I will not call it by any 
^^nber.oaDi^ fox I tbiiik.it can be no. more tbap am|stake, in Mr« 
Bidgood's saying that the first time be knew Paptain Maaby eoae 
to A^outague House was at the end of 1803^ or bcgiiuking of ld04^ 
for be first came at the end of the former year ; and the fact i^ 
tfiat Mr. Bidgood most have seen him then. B^ liowev^r^ th^ 
date is ectmparalivriy iosmaterial, .the bet i| is, that in ipportaajU 

'' I was waiting one day in the anti-rOom ; Captain Manby fcnii 

Ns4iat in. hii hondi and «p|Mared to be g^ng away : be wns a 

long time wtUi the Biacon, and,, as I stood on the steps wait- 

uig,.I looked into the room in which they were, and, in the 

reflection on the looking glass, I saw them salute each other— 

I' mean that tliey kissed each other's lips. Captain Manby 

then went away. 1 then observed the Prtncen bav«tiet- hand- 

ketehtef in her bandsi and<wipe her eyes, as if sbe was eryiag^ 

and went Into the drawing-room." 

"I do solemnly, and upon my oath, declare, that the said passage 

is a vile and wicked invention ; that it is wholly and absolutely 

false ; that it is impossible he ever could have' seen, in the rei9ec€k>ii 

of any glass, any snch thing, at I never, npon any oecaslon; 6r in 

kmy situation, ever had the presumption to salute Her SoyaLBIgli*. 

nets in any such manner, or to take any such liberty, or offer any 

such insult to her person. And having had read to me another 

passage, from the sanre Copy of the same Deposition, in wliich tire 

said Robert Bidgood says — 

<« I suspected that Captain Manby slept frequently in the ho«se^) 
V itnivas a subject of conversation in the house, Hintp.wefa given . 
-I, by the servanU, and 1 believe that others suspected it ai well a^ 
, myself." ' 

'< I solemnly swear that such suspicion is wkolty unfoundM,^3nd 
that I never did, at Montague House, Southend, fiam^le, Basil 
CfffT, or bay where else, ever sleep Jn any bouse oocopied hf^ 4it 
liekvging to, her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales ; and that 
Ihpre never did any thing pass between her Royal Highness the 
Rrince^is of Wales and myself that I should be in any degree un- 
willing that all the world should have seen. 
* (Signed) "TfiO. MANBVr/' 

^v This deposition, like the former one -of Mr.Thomas lawieflte'si 
was sworn before Mr. L^acb, on the22dof September, 1 80^, 



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9»1 

A«d h«re, Sir«, mirefyliUT^' the mm i^otv^lftiat nhM -I 
)mir6 «0 efttn tmo^. 1 vmM wk^onr Mbjaalgr, HbHbei* I^ Ml 
«i« PriMew of ^VWbN^ Htm a piaty aasuaMl, h%< ool a li^hlte 
be thoi«lit> ami to be prciemed, kmoceat, tilll fluf9&f^i9%% 
guilly P Let na ask, if ihanr eMr «QaM^exJal a ca^/ In irbiiAi 
libe afedil of the ^itne&ft oagb« to have beiH n^av iaverdy ^IM 
and IrMP The feat i-anled aoMjr afiaa taia eia^le aMrCooi 
However hk%, it eoatd aotpewibly i«oai«0 eoiitia«iftelie»j bdi 
4H«i IheparUes* The^atoiijF ilaelf,«fely ia nol fery pMbabte; 
My cbarai«or «aimel |e oaatidaMii u mUm UN|iiry.;' ft laahaady 
yoae, anci dasidkd afMrbf lhoa^4f tberaira^aoy a^cb, #Imi Ibiitk 
aoch a atarf probabla.'-.Tbal ia a toafl»^ with iba *ar o|lan/atid 
laervant kaowa to be waili^f ja9l'by« wm ahaald heaaMlad rtch 
a f^ene of g^ose .iadecency. TKe iadweretiiai.atJaail aiight bave 
iai|4erad it liafHjobiMe* evfa to Mk(^^ idiaae pnrpiidjeai agaiael 
aia BMfbl be piepaied to Mmiie Mtii% in^rebaUa m the i»i 
daoency^fit* Yejttbivaeaiaa to^bi*abeea received aia (aet^^bit 
4bere waa oo rea«oii to %qeatiou; Tbe wifaleaa ig aMamed, vMleat 
hmmoa, to be tbeviAMn d! tmlb, ef^aol(aeitio«Me. veraei^^ 
||l<|t.tbe fMeteit trece ie tbere^to be Aoadnrf aaiagki^KiitoB pvl 
to hi|B« to try andfeia tbe fiiedfl vbicb iim dae to biia, er te bi» 

. Ifi be aaked, af I ianNted beforeabeald baye been dode vitlii 
z^gjird |a Mr. Cf^kr-fto nhoai be. told tbi« fiiei befoie ? . Whm be 
I|i4d it? whfit. wiin^ev^r doae in ooaaMioeaee ef . thie iiilbvnattoa f 
if be never told it, till for tfaf parirote efeiyiMrttog I^dy D^oaf iaa'if 
■toteaaeat, bow could he in bia Bitaatiaa^ aa:an*old eervaalef tbe 
Prince^, with wboDB^^Ji l^e.aweara^ b^.bad)ii^tweoty-tbree,yeani»' 
<yedi*ab|y. if hia^Mdl^.A^ceimt for having jOfi^led, it..||» hmgh 
aa4 haw caaie Lady JPfoglaa and $ir Jolani t« find on^that he, 
Iqiew it/if be never had ccuemanicaled it before ? I( h» bad cdni*! 
niftaicatefl i\, it vrould then b^ve beea us^fnl to Mvehe&td how! 
%C4^%PF#Hil^ e^ry^ wea coafuaUnt viithjii» ANraier!^ abd ifitl 
aboald have happeaed that thiiiiaed other pattm> :«biehihe jnay 
Hive elatodi Yere, at tUmt time:, aiade Uieaabjectyof «anjiM|aify#/ 
then how far that inquiry had tended, to eoilfimi t»r afaake' bib 
ciedit« Hi^ fiiet eaeiaieatiQa wes^ it ia true; taken by LfuPd€freii- 
v^^e, ^jAifd $peaeer,abae,.withofit tbe aidef tha experienceof ' 
^JLwi GhaaceUer>.aad Lord Ghief 4aatiee$ this atid(KMedly 



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tli9 tiMmh I flMaa my oon^«et al e«iMeiid.«t as 1Uilif^'WCM|^tl■^ 
li*tti»y« Mr. BMgood hmmt mkb^VkM^ taid'^^rtMhrf'.'* Mf^ 

HV«d. t1iiftMr:4^idtrMUkitt|?oiitlbriteArft^irfi« 

)NMMipoildcne# to be iMft ilp irfib toy cMarity tiijs, Hbea ml' 
kdM< «Mp m like bnUira^ of HMfr ^Uttliim m\W wMffl «f; tiM 
kfr'tefi Skiwi to «1mi |MnMMi> i»to^iMii^^ sir tMtbM Hmc*i^ 
ittg^li^itf, «i« Mienliiiitt thjsW itttoMiili witli the nMfrMliy 
)rtittMy,)k« iHMiiky. ifW'k^^nM •f theprohMlilj^ of «eiA>|^ j 

Mihi «IFfi««llfeiid, to(br« ah« cftWe. • '/(b4 b<^ i My M4rM; . I 

pMMi|Ni, *by • %ht ^«y; i«m'«rk, ^tbal as tlita earr^alpoiideiMrwftt 
M bbya fk )rtii«y«v uilA^r o«>fer toirii^Oiplillti, thia etfibaiayi^lj 
niAy MibMititd'yiMi^ M»jeifly%f«ilft(3iet/whi«l^ il^ klaM^yMifl- 
li^ iW wttaaaaaa, ^flie^ertMeltb's'Mitg' pat itrta'Uiia adilt^by 
Slaarl^BOM af' irbich'h^S may hairra«M4«4<#o*itaa;^hMiWl!f^ , 
diMtetdl tdCtif^iri Mabby; - •• " ;■ ' • ■• '"^ • '-" "' • 

<: >M6n tiller tlMe iLrh>al l^f m Afrtctti^lto^^a^ BMllM y^li; 
AfeC^piatii mifOiff Id bia Milt fi(icaHl1»eritt««diMe&ll*/«M 
ittiftl»4iateiy bftAigbt' Kritt uj^ W m^ hin) rify MIUa';aa|i4«aib«i 
lKM%^ii«ii,itid^iibe!fi^Mlytoaae«iU rti^oaMi««%bdaJIM 
aiUdid/ if Mr. Bidgood bad tvpreKhfM Ibe Aia aa il realty Wa; 
IMiBjfb i^erhi^K'tbe efreamataaee ia' hot tery malermH IMiIm 
CkfU\n brongiif tbe-hrd'btfya'on lAiore arMbbFrn Ca aeetiba^ iii^ttk; 
aa iir<eH aa niany btIM efrkanaiaiicea ooalieeled witb'ttieae Uyi» Ae 
•sialenee of wboat, aa aoGoiinliDg in any degree for the in l rte im te e 
betveeu oramnd Captain Maaby; coald nefer bafo beennooHevtni 
ttM dat of ndfdo^depoaitlona, Sleafd ^U lia¥e atiited, if 
t&e'JCooinifsaii^^Va bad '^xamine^ hiin to it '^'aitboa^h'fieia 
^qare&ntd to^'ibo^gb bia naaae.iaiifeiitiQfied «b9a|{t|}p'Jeil)e^ 
aaiil t» Captain Maaby^bAxtoM aoi appear tohftfeJheea aupmiBied 
to«ny of tbem, aiid all Ihal be appaarato>batet4e« aakad la, aa 
lb Ilia rememberiiijf Captaih Manby Yjaiting at Mootagae Htoie^ 
find to my 'paying, ibe expense of' tlie linen farnitore tor hiucikti^^ 
9^t Mr. Sieard was, I suppoae, repreaenied jby. mf. piem^t^ ^ 
be a confldaat froai vbom no tralb eould be extracted^, and tberet 
Ibre that It wife fdllft waste of time to examine him^ b audi p^ntaj 
and 80 unijueationably he, and e? ery other honest servant in my 



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filfiffcfuiU thttf bmlialy airf'Ifiitk Mra the bM mmis oTdttMli '^ 
14^ . VbB iWMpiritetiy lM««ver, bad tiM int w«fd« m4 mM^- ' 



«, Hii BMfM liM.ptiM04»tc ftl«U lb« lilnalMMi of ib« bMM} "> 
t|r9 of wbidi,, «EiUi « ipwl 4)f ft tbird, I bid at Sontband. Hi > 
dtMriliPS No. 9 as Ibe liouse in wbieh I dapt; No. 8, aa tbat i* - 
wlfUk va dioad^ and No. 7, as aootaim^ a drawiag-voooi, I0 ^ 
«lMah we jrelired allec diooer. And be aaya, !^ I Imyo aefanA 
lipnaa laao the Priocasa, aftar ha? iug goqe lo No» 7, with Captain 
Majiby and the rtatof tba oompaoy, latira with Gaptaia Maahy > 
km. Nq* 7, throttgh No. 8, to No. 9, wUeb waa the boaaa mhmt 
tha Prineaaaalapi, I nup$ci that Captaip Maaby alepl very fue^ ! 
^oentiy ipi tba hoese.--^Uiots were givea by the aenraata, aad I r. 
belief a that othera tovpectad it as well aa B»yaelf/'-«.-What tboae •■ 
hiata wara» by what aarvaata gi¥ai^ aaa tUnga wUehdonot aeeai 
la have baaa thought neceaeary natters of in^joiry. Atleaal tbei« 
ia ao Jnaoa in Mr. Bi^good's, or any olhat witness's exaniiiialian;, 
a( liny saeh in^iry hating bean made. 

In hia second dopasiUani . which applies to the same laot» after 
s^iqg thai we went away the day after the Afrieaine sailed fres. ^ 
8iM4^«pd» he says> *^ Captain Manby was there three tjnies a.>. 
^P^fft ^^®,}**^^ irhiUt his ship lay^fer sis weeks off Sonthend 1 
ai^tU Norej-->he came as tide served in a aioming^ and to dinf» > 
mii dnnk tea. {have seen h'm ntmt morning by ten o'clocb.«i! 
iViiqpeHed he slept at No. 9^ the Princess's,— She always pi^^ 
#wl]^' ^iandles herself in the drawing-roooi at No. 9; and bid fl>^)d 
■pt Wt to pot them op. She gave me the orders as so<h) j|S4>ba» ') 
ivcat'^^ Sottthend^^ I need to seci water-jngs, .j^ns« and.towfls^ai 
aeloatpppositetfae Princess's door in the*^asssge.,« Haver. s^sfiit 
tkeai so left in the oaasage at any otb^r tisM^ and I suspaeled, h| 3 
vras there at ^bst time; there was a geaeral sasptcioa thmghrthe i 
kbiisc^ Hn. and Miss Fitzgerald there, and Miss Hammond (imir 4 
MfsVliood) \here. My saspicion arose from seeing them in the ^ 
glan/' &c. aa aienUooed before. '' Her behaviour like tbat^if a { 
nNNBan attached to a man; used .to be by themselves at lni|cheo;n« ^ 
•t Sonthend, when the ladies were not sent for; a number o( .| 
There waa a pony which Captain 'Maoby used to ride},^ 
13. 2 a 



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30» 

U ytooti ill the stallle ready for biai, and whicli dieard ated 40 
vide/' Then be ta^t, the tertauU need to Ulk and langb aboat 
Captain Maoby, and that it vaa matter of diacoutve •mongat 
Ibeni.; Mi thU, witb what baa been alloded to before* re8pecUng> 
Qieard'a poitih^ leltert for him into the poat, which be had 
received from me, contains the whole of bis deposition «a fer is 
I'eapecte CapUin Maniiy-. And, Sire» aa to the fact of retiring: 
tbrougfa No. 8, from No. 7. to No. 9, alone with Captain Manby. 
I have no recoUection of ever having gone with Captain Manby» 
Iboiigh but for a moment, from the one room in which the comk 
pany was sitting, through the dining-room to the other diawing- 
room. It is, however, now above two years ago, and to be 
confident that such a circmnstaace might nottave happened, la 
more than. I will undertalce to be. But in tbe only aense in wbidi 
be. uses the expression, as retiring abne, coupled witb the in* 
mediate context that follows, it is moM falae and acandldoiia. I 
know no means of absolutely proving a negative. If tbe fiM:t waa 
true, ihere tiittst have been: other witnesses who oould have proved 
it. as well aa Mn Bidgciod. Mnt. Fitzgerald is the only pofion of 
the party, who waa exainined, and her evidence provint the negative, 
so far as the negative can be proved ; for she aays, •* he dined 
there, . but never atayed late. She was at Southend all tbe time I 
was there, and cannot recollect to have seen Captain Manby 
there, or known him to b^ there, Ister than nine, or balf^past 
pine/' IVfisa Fitzgerald .and Miss Uammon«t (now Mra.' Hood), 
are not called to this fact ; although a fact so extremely important, 
as it must appear to yonr Majesty ; nor indeed are they examined 
at all. 

As to the potting out of tbe candles, it aeema he iays, f |;Ava 
the orders aa.soon as f went to Southend, which waa sit weeka 
biei^e the Africaiiie arrived ; so this plan of excluding him from 
the opportunity of'knowing what was going on sA No. 9, waa pait 
joi a long meditated scheme, aa he would, represent it, planned and 
itiought qi six weeks before it could be executed ; and which, 
wtien it was execqted, your Majesty will recollect, according to 
Jff.'Bldgood's evidence, there waa ao little contrivance to ^on* 
iceal, that the basons and towels, which the Captain is inainnaled 
td'biive used, were exposed to eight, ai if to: declare that be waa 

ihfif^. It is tedious and disgusting. Sire, I am well aware, to 

MfiU^^oo^iMigeaty with such particulars g but it,- doubtless, is 



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307 

4riie, that I bid liioi rtot to tMk€ tke candle* away from No. d. 
Tba candles wfcieli are ased in my drawing*roon, are conaidered 
an his perqniaitea. Those en the contrary which are ased in mf 
prif ate apartment are Uie perqniittea of my maid. I thooi^ht thut 
Upon the whole it wan a fairer arrangement, wh^n I wi^ pit 
SoQlHendf to give my maid the perqaisitea of the candlet oaed at 
' No. 9; and I made tlie aitangement accordingly, and orde^e4 Mr. 
Bidgeod to leave them. This, Sire, is the trne acoonntef the faet 
irespectiag the candies; an arrangement which very possibly. M^p 
Bidgood did net like. 

Bnt the pnitmg.eot the candles myself, was not the only thing:^ 
from which die inference is drawn, that Captain Manby slept at 
my boose; ki No. 9, and as is evidently insinuated, if not scaled, 
ia a^y bed*room. There were watenjugs, and basons, and tofrela 
ktt in the .passage,, which Mr. Bidgood never saw at other times. 
Jkt what other tiaral does he mean ? At other times than those 
at which he suspected, from seeing them there, that Captain 
Manby slept hi my house P If every time he saw the basons and 
l^wetsy $06, in the passage, he snspected Captain Manby slept 
there, it certainly would Allow that he never saw them at times 
when he did not aospeet that fiict Bot» Sire, upon this im- 
partaot faet, important to the extent of coavictin; me, if it were 
trrn of high treaaon, if it were not for the indignation wliich such 
aeaodalona, licentieas widcednesa and malice excite, it would 
Jiardly be possible to treat- it with any gravity. Whether there 
wcie or were not basona and towels sometimes left in a passage at 
Soothead, which Were not there generally, and ought to have 
been never there, I really cannot inform your Majesty. It 
eertainly iapoaaible; bnt the utmost It can prove, I should trust, 
■Mghtbeaomealovenlihessinikiy servant, who did not pot them 
in their proper platiea ; bnt aordy It most be left to Mr. Bidgood 
alone to trace any etideuce, fhmi such a clTcurostance, , of the 
orime of adultery in me. But I cannot thus leave this fact, for t 
tlnst I shallbere again havctbe same advantage fW>m the exces* 
ted extmyagance of thia man's malice, as I have already had on 
the other part of the charge, from the excess and extravagaa'co of 
hia confederate I«dy Douglas. 

What la the charge that he would iosinoate ? That I meditate^ 
and effected a stolen, secret, clandestine interconrae wlth^tm 
adulterer? No.-f-Captain Manby, it s^ms, a^coVditt^ to' hia 

2 a 2 



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9m 

Nisiiuifi^ioj^^filfjpl. fiih me jq n^^wn bwie^ ui|djQi«ins«^fftui«ci|^ 
of such nolQriety IM U :Wi^ imposaibk t^ #nj of my^twdk 
fUenduiU «| jeMt sbpMld JM)t Hve kvuHnv^iC Tl&^i^ diili«iv.v«rii 
faried on thts occn^ion ; tiiejr, M to sappijf baKHift. ni^drtMrtfalW 
places wher^tbey ii«¥er wene euppUed» ^uept wbi^ prepifedfiwi 
him; and they were not oaly porpotely to pMpaMd,.h9^4«tr. 
i^aied in an open paatag^* eicpoM to n\m^ ah, ^ Mi^«ritfr 
excite the aoapicioft of thoae who. wire mA admitted rima Ihl^ 
secret And what a secret waa \U thait «#ft tbaa<t»J>e bazaried^ 
No leee than what, if diacovered^ would fiK CtpMa. Manbar «ni 
myself with high treaaon I Nolonly tbciPefare miieft I have boev 
ihns careless of repuUtioa^^d eager for iaffuny ». bat £ maal hat# 
been as careless of ipjr life^ as. of my hoaoor.^p^l^t to all seaaa 
of shame, surely \ must bare still retained same regard filr life; 
— Captaia Manby too, with a folly and madness aqaai to his 
supposed iniquity, must then have put his l^e io.the kaada.of my 
servants, and depended for his safety upon their fidoiiKy to miv 
and their perfidy U> the Prince their n^aster. If the axMsaof 
"Vice and crime in ail this is believed, coald itp ii)4io9r|tipa, tie 
madness find credulity to adopt it dimvffl npoa an evidence? Bal 
what must be the state of that man's mii|d» M to pr^adiet, who 
could come to the eonclpsioa of bslieviag it^ from the fa^ of aoaaa 
watergugs and towels beiug found iq an unusual pIaeo,in % psssaya 
aear my bed-room P For as to bis suspicioa being nnaed by wkak 
he saye he saw in the looking-glass, if it waa ivi troo ad itiiaflibet 
that could not occasioa bis believing, on any pavtiaoWr aigbl^ 
that Captain Msaby slept in my house; the sitaalieq of thaw 
towels and basons is what leads to Ijiat helief* 

But, Sire, may I ask, did the (/Oifimissippeis believe tbie rnta'a 
suspicions P If they did, what do they mean by wing that Ummi 
fects of great indecency, &c. went to a mach less eiiteat tbaii lb# 
principal charges P And that it was not for them to stato thalr 
bearing and effect P The bearing of this faipt unf ooMitDaU^ if 
believed^ is the same as that of the principal chayga: aamoly* U 
prove me guilty of high treason. They therefore eeeU imI 
believe it. But if they did not believe it, andaa iit Heme to ma; 
Sire, BO men of common judgment could, op such a atatemeat^ haw 
eould they bring themselves te name Mr. Bidgood as aae of those 
^llfruef see on wbose unbiassed testimony they coul4 ea rely ? or 
h^ fioM they (in pointing Urn out with the ether throe a« 

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wbMi Mit U cMfted liH dMiMlly imirMlietMl,) omit to tpecifsr 
tto«iote«lii«h he ^poke l» llnl Ihey IIibs thooglrt worthy of 
Mio( hoi loovo Iho irMe, iodoAng tbio iacrocttUe port*of i^ 
iboooummM to belief hy their geneiml tad vn^ooHfled oBaeliod 
ami oppi^oholloii P 

Botlho Meohood &i Ihia oharge doeo aol root on Ito iocaradibilitf 
alone. My oerTuit, Mrs. Sander, who attended eoastanrtiy on ny . 
ponoB, and whose hod-room was elooe toarfno, was examlned-by 
tfio Co m miiaionora ; abe maal have known this Ihet if II had been 
trne; she poaitWely swears, ^that she did not know or beKere, 
tbat Captatn ffanby stayed till ¥ery latoboora with me; that she 
never suspected there was any improper Aimiliartty between as,. 
M . Wilson, who made my hed, swears, that she bad heen In the 
habit of making it ever amco she lived with mo, that another 
liaid, whose nasM was Ann Bye, assisted with her in making. U,. 
andawears, lirom what ahoobaerved, that abe never had any reasow 
lo believe tbat two persona had slept in it« Refe r ring thna hy 
naaio to her fellow-atrvant, who made the bed with her, b«l that 
aervant, why I know not, la not examined. 

Am year Majesty then ihida the inferene^ dvawn by Bidgood to- 
amonnt to a fiict so openly and nndisgoisedly proiigale, aa U^ 
outrage all erediUKty ; aa year Hs^ty Anda it negatived by the 
«ridenee of three witnesaes, one of whom, in particniar, if sneh a 
fiaot were trne, moat have known it ; as year Majesty finds one 
wHaeas appealinigta another, who is pointed oot as a peraoii who 
aMst have heen able, with equal means of knowledge, to have 
oonfirmed her If she spoke trae, and to have eontfadicted her if 
abe apoke falae ; and. Sire, when added. to all this, year Majesty 
ia graaioosly pleased to recolleet thst Mr.. Bidgood waa one of 
thoao who, though in my servlee, snbmitted themselves vohintarily 
to be examined previous to the appointment of the Commissioners^ 
ia oonfirmatlen of Lady Doaglas's statement, without informing: 
me of the hti; and when t state to your Majesty, upon the 
evidence of Philip Krackeler and Bpbert EaglesCone, whos^ 
%apoaition I annex,* that this unbiassed witneas> daring 4he 

* Krackeler was her Royst RIghnem's footman, and Eaglestone 
was Park-keeper ; and these, bebg sworn togetheV, before Mf • 
Ijeacb, at Halton Garden* on .the 27tb of September, i80#, stated'^ 
that on or abont the QSih of the preceding June, as they were 



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pendenejf of ibese «xaiDiD8tion8 befove the Committioiiff*, w^ 
t^n to be ia conference anU communication with liMlyJDoDglasy 
my mo«i ottenBible accoter, do 1 Ftiss my expectaltons too kigb^ 
when t confidently trnat that hit malice, and hia falsehood^ af weR 
aa hia connection in tbia conapiracy afloat my honour,, my 
atation in thia kingdom, and my life^ will appear to your Majfiijiq^. 
too plainly for him to receive any creiiit» either ia thia or.atyj^er 
part of hia teatimony P 

The other circumatanceit to which beapeaka^ are oomparativelr 
too trifling, for me to trouble your Miyesty with ^ny mor^ 9^fjfJ 
yationa upon hia e? idence. ' 

The remaining part of the caae, which reapecta Captain jilanhy« 
relatea to my conduct at Eaat Cliff. 

How little Mra. Liale'a examination afforda for ohaervationa 
updD tbia part of the caae,. except aa ahowing how very aelddm 
Captain tianby called upon me while I waa there, I have already 
obaerved. Mr. Cole aaya nothing upon thia part of the caae; 
nor Mr* lUdgood. The only witneaa amongat the four wh^ae 
teatimouiea are diatingniahed by the Commiaaionera aa moat • 
material, and aa thoae ou which they particularly rely, wh«t My« 
any thing upon thia part of the caae ia Fanny Lloyds BLer 
depoaition ia aa followa: 

" I waa at Ramagate with the Prinoeaa in 1803. One moniing 
when we were in the hpuae at Beat Cliff, aomebody, I douH 
recollect who, knocked at my door, and desired me to prepare 
break&at for the Princeaa. Thia waa about aix o'clock; I waa 
aaleep. During the whole time I waa in the Princeaa'a aervice* ( 
bad never been called up before to make the Princeaa'a breakfaat. 
I alept in the houaekeeper'a room, on the ground floor. I opened 
the ahnttera of the wiodow for light. I knew at that time that 
Cpptaio Hanby'a ahip waa in the Downa. When' I opened the 

walking acro^ Greenwich Park, they saw Bidgood walking towards 
the house of Sir John Douglas, which is iii a different road from 
that which leads to Montague House, and that they, at the saoie 
time perceiVed .Lady Dodglas walking in a directkm to meet^ 
binaiJ The deponents foHber observed, that when her ladyabip^ 
and Bidgood met, they stood conversing together for the space, 
of two or three minutes; but how much longer their conver- 
sation lasted the deponents could not . tell, as they proceeded on' 
their road, which took them out of the sight of Lady Douglas, and 
Mr. Bidgood. 



1 



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311 

flAiulttfs^ 1 »aw tlie Priuceas,' walking cIowd the gravel-waft 
tpwftrdfs ibe sea. No orders had been given roe oyer^nighi 16 

«^re|iare breakfast early. The gentleman the Princess was witb 
i£« tall man. I was surprised to'see the Princess walking with 
A geutfeman at ^hat time in the morning, I am. sure it was the 

" Whiit this evidence of Fanny Lloyd applies to, I do not feel 
GcrUin that I recollect. The circumstances which she mentions 
WigAti; t think, have occurred twice while I was there, and which 
tMd ibe Eludes to, I cannot pretend to say* I mean on oocasioa 
of two water parties, which I intended ; one of which did not take 
place at all, and the other not so early in the day as was intended, 
nor WM its object effected. Once I intended to pay Admiral Mon- 
tague a visit to Deal, hot wind and tide not serving, we sailed 
much later than we intended ; and instead of landipg at Deal, the 
Admiral came on board our vessel, and we returned to East Cliff 
In tlie evening; on which occasion Captain Manby was not of the 
party, nor was he in the Downs— but it is very possible that, 
Jkaving prepared to set off early, I might have walked dpwn to- 
wards the sea, and been seen by Fanny Lloyd. On the other oc- 
casion Captain Manby was to have been of the party, and it was 
to bnve been on board bis ship, I desirod him to be early at my 
bovse In the morning, and if the day suited me, we would go. He 
.aune ; I walked with him towards the sea, to look at the morn* 
Jag; I dill not like the appeanmce of the weather, and did not go 
iii sea« ITpon eiflier of these occasions Fanny Uoyd might have 
been called op to make breakfttrt, and might have seeii me wijk- 
ing. As^to the orders not having been given her over-nigbt, to 
Aai I can say nothing. 

. Bnt upon this statement what inference can be intended to b« 
^wn from this fact P It is the only one in which F* Lloyd's evi- 
dence can in any degree be applied to Captain Manby, and she is' 
one of the important witnesses referred to, as proving something 
wrhidi miist, particularly as with regard to Captain Manby, b^, 
.credited tiU contradicted, and as deserving the most serious oopi* 
nideratien. From the examination of Mrs. Filxgerald I ooliect,- 
tbat she was asked wheUier Captain Manby ever slept in the house 
at East Cliff; to which she, to the best of her knowledge, answers 
in the negative. Is this evidence then of Fanny Lloyd's reli^, 
ttfon to aflbrd an inference that Captain Manby slept io my honseiP 



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81S 

.firi«»« the|9 at fin Mproptr iMur ? or iq a MMnner, »n4 nodei ^rt 
{BumstMMaiy which afibrde4 retson for uu&f oiuible iater|ireUlto«a9 
kf liiit wei« «Qb can H bo believed thai I woald^ oiidor eoch ^ 
.«iHppdta«0j9i| ba?o taken a step^ aocb at oaUiii$.lbr biea)iLM i^ 
fa Iff t|^ hour, ubich mast have made the H^ m^ OflfNia^ 
aad rafiarkaUe^ and bronght the attention nf the, servantf. ^\m 
^ttsfc baire waited at the breakfast^ more pfirtic^a^5^dyoiii|i^lj[ 

J Biit if tbore it any thing whioh r^ets, or is tu^poeed to rpet» 
«i{ioa the credit o£ thia witneia— 4hoagh abe is one or the four 
whose credit your Majesty will recollect it iiaa been stated that 
there was no reason to question, yet she stands in a predicament 
in whieh^ in general at least, I had understood it to be supposed 
that the credit of a witness was not only questionable, but mate- 
rislty shaken. For, towards the beginning of her examination^ 
she states, that Mr. Mills attended her kit a cold ; he asked heir if 
the PHnce came to Blackheath backwards and forwards, or some- 
thing to that effect, for the Princess was with child, or looked as 
if she was with child. This must have been three or four years 
ago. She thought it must be some time before the child (W: 
Austin) was brought to the Princess, To this fact she positively 
swears, and in this she is as positively contradicted by Mr. Mills ;[ 
Ibr he swears, in his deposition before the Commissioners; that l^k 
never did say to her, or any one, that the M ntess was with child; 
«r looked as if she was with child ;— thai be nev^erthMightW 
nor surmised any thing of the kind. Mr. Mills has apskitner, Hit 
Bdmeades. The Commissioners therefore, eonceiiring that Faamjr 
Uoyd might have mrstaken one of the partners for the* other,' ex- 
amined Mr. Edmeades also. Mr. Edmeades, In his d^posHloii, is 
equally positive that he never said any such thihg-i«o the nattei' 
#esti upon these depositions ; and upon that state 6f It, n^hat pr^ 
fenb4 ib' ttere fcr saying' that a witness, who swears to a couter- 
sMi6R wtth a medical person who attended me, of so extremd/' 
ifhportank a natnre, and is so expressly and decidedly contradicted' 
h 'the important fact which she speaks to, is a witness ^hoise* 
^refefjihere appears no reason to question ? llita Important ch<^ ' 
^Hfttiitatiee must surely have been overlooted when that statement* 
irtotaade. ' ' 

'* «ai tiiisfi^t of Mr. Mills and Mr. Edmeades's coalmlidttdiilif 
n*^ libyd appears tayour Majesty, Ibr the first time, flnoni'llie 



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> «W C#fliiiiii0i«iiero.^Bsi Ihis it llw 6^1 whiah 
*l^Ai%ri*'1ucvlii^ fetn known to^ th»ae wIm tr» eoti— itcJ to 
hMgh^ Iknrnfi tbi* loformtiioiT^ and wbicli, nevMM^M^ tint 
HM iiJbinfiwied U >o»f Majesty— The fiiet llnr FaMy Ui^yd 
lyiMf 4liat Mr: M»|a toid heribi PriiieeM was vHb cWU la 
MMitflii ttil^bdlhiAiWi^iah were delWeredtolns Royal Hifb- 
l^«^tAifee;W ^a>cl^; aad 1^ bim Ibrwaitlad t^'ji^t^W^d^. 
iLm' Ibk^tlMtiWr. ^ denied ever bavin^ 60 aaid> ibdnf b 
IjaovB al tlio aama tine» ia not elated. 

' ^¥liM t mky not appear to have represented ao strange a (mI 
ivt^lie|Bt aofflclent aulbortty, I subjoin. the Deelaraiion of Mf. 
SilUx and the Oeposilton of Mr. Bdmeadea, which prove it 
Fanny Lloyd's original Detlafation^ which was delivered to hb 
Hoytl Bighnesa, is dated on the IQtli of February. It ap^iears 
to hlive been taken at the Temple; I eonclnde, therefore, al the 
chambers of Mr. Lowteii> I9ir John Douglaa'a solicitor, who, ao- 
cerdmg Id Mr. Cole, accompanied hire to Cheltenham to procKre 
snie of these Declarations. On the 13th of February, the neat 
day after Fanny Lloyd's Declaration, the Earl of Moira sends for 
Mr. Mills upo* preaaing business. Mr. Mills attends him on the 
14tb ; be ia asked by hia U>rdsbip upon the subject of tliia eon- 
venation ; be is told he may rely npon hia lordship's honour tiiat 
what pimed should be in perfect confidence ; (a confidence which 
Mr. Mi||8^ feeling it to be on a sub|ect too important to his char 
netfi^ «t Jhe moment diaclaims ;)--tbat it was hia (the Earl of 
Mmra's) doty to his Priaee, as bis coanaellor, to inqaire into the 
siibjseiy which he had known for some time. — Fanny Lloyd's states 
nent beivg Iban related to Mr. Miiis^ Mr. MiJls^ with great 
wanath, deolMtd that it was an infiimoas falsehood. — Mr.Lowten, 
who appears also to have been there by appointment, was called 
into the room, and he fomished Mr. Mills with the date to which 
Fmay Jioyd'a deelaration applied. The meeting ends in Lord 
Ikira^adeairing to aee Mr. Mills's partner, Mr. JSdmeadea, wbo^ 
ma being at bome^ cann6t attend Mn ^ • ^«w daya. He iom, 
hawefor, npon his retorn, attend him on the dOtk of May : on liia 
atl«Mlatice, ins4«a4 of Mr. Lowten, h^ fiada Mr. Coanant, the 
ifiagistFale, with Lord Moira. He deniea tlie eon versaMon -with 
fcnay Uoyd aa positively and peremptorily as Mr. Mills. Not" 
^ithstandiag, however, all this, the Declaraiioo of Fanny Lloyd 
bj delivered to bis- Royal >lighi»«S8, uniiecompanied by thes<| 
14. 2r 



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Wabs,. fol7'hfli)MattAppiJan fjmk^lh^B^rlii Ii^rmr49^ t)^]^^ 
clfti4tMBsr4rltit3hiiliMlidb^»:<MHm1«dil9^.>^^ IWiF»^ Hyif!^9S| 
liinngh.tlMolilticdlQrii^T]ittii9JM(ai!e|^ Ihe D^chpralLkM^fif 

iafaifidUioii Jby NUiliiiaiid |^|iml^<> ^d^t^ilMiTRlf^i^^^ 

ttaorigifidl diHdaialmi. whkb, vm A%i4j i^jM^^^r^mitS^Tl 
I^DiiiiWirM^H Win Ur4IVMm.^£¥% X^T^fH^Jlk^hlMtf 

ing; 1 conteat myself «iih iHemiiv||i|i9> tM .iti<^HI^(l%11^l>^ 

hci^litevte ^^QT/Miftmmi wlnmJUIrfK^:! my^JiifmiiPg^^ 
^terv.MttMi| ffnlbigtiMaMeU i<«^ne4 |l|fll1t wiU .W 9i^\^ ISilr 
^Ital/j iBfil&pflk:^«MignQtaiMtJieii j^ 4iA:f r»Mif lofyf^^fllW 
ami nf jinlicfti _^ „ 



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Ciky-M'tdo tntnl tfiat yow'M^Hf^iVml fljjfW^kttoMiML 
^iti'Mbm ia(sKit%n d vi^wiSlie'CMiiillAiJ»^ni^lkk^'<lal^ 

fmtHtgh ^fiiehMfti^ ir^mHn^MLH ^^IMibtttf 4 Imtr.nifMnm 

On^ oa my 6«iir\Mir« tnSAt MmMi^ im^^Mktd tbttth^feMtboib 

ttMliMolttr ilMiorMi MiMfitMk> wMMMii UmI AgtMo^tUd^^ 
Mlh Id fluppMHrthftH'bi^iliitloUtt teidiiiiiaimftfiboi^ ii.ltt 

)M^Uit<eHlf; * ktty'Mhl^%«lifee>M>idiiiMt^lMlmii9'«i0^ fa«N 

4f4WflMdiiMikiHMilM «il<^M«/ibMt4 ^iMMMto MhMMiwmi 

maipuD, mnd with a deep tense of Hounded 4etteMy,«)»|^lilid»«o< 
«t|lliiMiMiUb94li ilMti^Mtbe MMB WMii edidkl' ibb 

lb^Mi^iM|Mit»ii%bitbittiltf^ *i^ '-^ '- < . -^I'l 

'^""Vlbiiyifo yiif^'Mtf^^ «lmMl MMiM 116 ebliged ie4N»t<iili>te 
^Mk "^ '«^ F^ .li;leydrei4Mti«Wtfr:i*^t 1lii,^d ifb|» il» 
ii^ei M lilNf^<|0lil €Me<INll lfeiW)lMni«#IMi^eb# lefpieeillK 

-«P«NA(A«i%^i^tf |#(iiifl^#y«btet1^ leiKAitfaifiMi^lUiiiifMB 
^tyMPle'^ibSmW^ilM^fay^iied^bbt^^ eheili^illgMl 

^MKifMAym^mi^%^ llflHit»eiJMi«en|..iibfMn«>*n«' ftf^f^ 

i iM * . . » inii^ut ^''■'^Nin- 

2b2 



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.116 

^mk ftM iM'to Mv. f)de. k Mr. Coliftf «nBiiiatiiMftr ibn . 
% ^d( 4Dn« -Mrd -b|ioti t1le««lijeet i»f ft. • I»^ tits ttrigiiMi «lcd«DEi« 

* ^kkm i«i Mil «4 it ^iMfi^Alra ^lOteititell tUeiCbhMmMeiibiJMi 
(MflMgr «Mii qaeHtiinf to FiNiiiy Lloyd> «iMdnv«i{mft{it;l*ter 
fHNtf€Me%'J€iBlliNiltoti« «lie' piMftl5b4M^«Mil«i%.ailMMis 

Me'fin^MfbteliMAr^MMr Wlh ifan. hw » ip oi n >»yfe> TteQNi* 

an ) 'idenH «MMliif Mir%0MM out ikm btery ^ if thqr bail, Utof 

but they iMv^^lbia ooilradfailo%«o4>oiily.iM#kfMnei|, bttiHiia*- 
quIuM «teBi *aai lit' that dMto, MfMtfiteii tbaaa iiitaaiaM,«#b 
a«d Pattiiy liafty.'vWiinHr^paalelatiie laio aybs^faoaiitniiie- 
ttmi> ami irl* tlMMfiM'tamit (by fMaiWIity holii afMk traUK-w 
Uri m aa oto wlio «aB«ab ba aospaalid D^fat)lialit|r» whtoa aivM 4l^y 
ac» aa ttf a i ta to qf^ m mm, mi adboaaalariMMiatkWIialiavaJ iiU 

Bit iHiat la, 4# fkMMk%tMAm9mfrMmm4mfy^ik^ iii^mi 
d^mitoMicatian IHafl F. ilayd la €Ua> iB.yoar lM[^aa|yaila«ea«r 
retatM to aomathinf vlikli M* W<lsa» ia aapfaaad jttMvmiUmm . 
frtiatolMtetaMi ya*Uiaa«|ii M. VNIaaa «n«nt hamlfti^Ailm 
beeft «xawin^by Itit OaiaiNBakmeniHaa ikm aaMisda^ mUk faavy 
Bloyd, itt "tba «apy ^f 4iar «HUBiMlliial^liaa)Mia«ral(ia tantiM^ge 
18 tto trace of any qaetlion r%Mng ta^tMtdeaharatiaiblMim^itaM 
^'■pat'lofcer.' • •■ ?*•'.•■;■.. i^n 

-i''" !!lii6-T'lfa¥eii«ilaaa taaaania lataaa^j thin «o ^ ^an^mlaad^. 
^ ^t itdM iilit«Mifr tto tia Aiaiairii8iaa«Ba..tofaab ^bbalttK^aailf «r 
''tmWiht'iliiW%mfi\r^ ««ll ia#thaiv Pir, ifppnfArly fii«m4 Hi 
-iMitfdflAVe 'tf6Mitoti«M t«o llnttpK Wtb .Mn^laipatb^ la le 

^ yiiy'^t>^iremittr«rtl <6f Mite^kiBA,^ «riaii« -ant.af i]ill|a)«tV'Mtimi9» 
^' WcoWi^^imlgttifiM'aiidl «n«9«»iiM % <>» llrealaii4Mfifll9a. 

*""' o^ll^cthig^^ iff/atM(ttik'«> Mi^parl 4f.ikfeuly flouiiaa'a.atallHiRMit. 



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*k7 

a«id nalimou additioiM to it They vogld U{i|<i j|g»|p|^ n 41^^ J9 
'lib. Bldf^oiU^eokntMWAs MNljis.iii l^iir Jt>«i4nM>iWl^if^- 

««rf ter Biyii ittifhiiMiuMl SMrfiidiifly ia ^he^fptfffivwpd 

lUJ OH b««bdttkriiighwtet:ttoy h»d bewf^ ffanny U^my^ 

md WkmnyM^A daaysnfiL Hm«*iiBrdinMy Uii (iiat,4tey 

^Mte^MJlMAlltoafMntdll amI ^onr MigMty will set fNmieslly 

Ww wfck 4V i«io ber.JaMnto^ 4lwt.jilMy.<ir«M mW VWr, tlvM 

fteiy Ii»ydr» • f if ma t deriiiAlMa; lil riniMi» Hmt lh« iiwtii 

nwM iMMre e6iM4iit A« «b*ilie»6 «tei» ilMii ^' t^ X\^ M^ 

tf her Iteivledi^ Miry W«Imi mid, Ihtt ^hnd 99m the iMa^ 

6CMMNI 6ir«Mieyiii the Bktm limtUr httA aevM hftwA Mary 

Vitei Miy llMl«bd im tao jfarfli«4 w«o W m li tfit'' If tbwi, on 

«lBftmt«f itesy Uayd'AiriM >Mtp.M^;o^/aiKl Mr. €^e, 4he> 

GitfMtMiaioiiini Im4 iMiai Anmy UayMi atory to be vlMitalMrfr* 

lated before, and had then put the qaestion lo Mary Witoo^y and 

kid kmfi Umn beriMiatifetfaiilly waa idUsb AaJmd aaaptand re- 

hUad t(» nwy Uoyd, Abey «oiiU uaiteLV* been at a Usa io balw 

dtMoveted wbick eif theaa vlUiasaaa toM ih^ IriMb. Tbey wuld 

' bbw foaad, I am feotetty ^oaffUkat. that all thai Mary Wiboa 

•a^ .eaiald baaa 4«W Van^ l<ley4» «aa that abe bad seeti 49k 

' Bidjvay alid oiya^f in tba Bbe Room^ and Ibey wanU Ib^n Ji^a 

hkd to refer ta the aiaiidaos^ nod oonM^mi^i iafea4i<B«94,pt {the 

BMgMMla aad Mr. Cok\, iar tbe onajrenuen of tbe fili^ |U»eia/iato 

f -Ihatbed rton; to. tbe nlenlaiidar af «bat M. Vl»qa Wf^ «iHF* 

* paaedto^bai^e aaan*. ancl for iba viakal 6ftat>«b>cih tbi^.i^cefip jt^i 

^IpaB -bar. . i any. tbeir aonfedami«l m^nlifmig a# i* is iomifpUa 

'> Id i^n iy a a c tbattlbefl oaold have beau c^nceKaiNl iin^^ffa^MfiS/^ 

"'aaoia isddUkins to JBanay Lbyd's atoi^^ anteaairti^nlH^ ^ffiRPMi* 

V utcaleA tagelieli upon it And sbaatbitf 1^ o^ce /ojind JVXra. 

I' .ftid'ifaiid and Jdr, Oole, tbaa lopn^fMing^ti^atbey^, tb^y^^fjfvld 

i< "havaJHd*Mdiftci^ ia.naaaartii»g..lb^ b»tb 'm4M^ *!m9r9^" 

"• sga rdcy i witb . fltr. Jobn. Jtoa^laa,. by. sMfoyp bf w iiffi^^iptad 



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»1« 

procedKo^, fa eoir^cti'iig tb^ e? tSence iAicli was to ittpporlXady 
lDoii^^^s4eel$rat1oii. ' 

V6t, fcyteferringiolMr. Cote's dedaration^ maditl on the 2^ 
bf*P^1[>^ary; they woaM have ae^n that tTn Cole, id exptaimiif^* 
k>ili'e obs^mtii^ii about Sit ^dney^a aoppbaed poaseaaioii of a key 
ko the 'g^irdea dobr^ a^ya that it Wal what ^' Mr. Lampect,' ihe 
iiervant of Si^ JtiBti 06ii^1fl[^. ' b^iitiohed Vt' t^helteniiani, to Sir 
SoUn Bou^laa and Mf. Lbttei^.'^^ttbr ah6af4 ttr. Cbfe know 
that Str John ddugftaur i^iid Mr.lLoirteti 1i^ Wb Wn to'bhe^- 
tlbiihaii), to collect evitfeitce fhim thia <i»iil lervint of^Sir/o^n 
))ooglaa''8 f 00% ahoutd Ke hate kndvit what' that Widenoewaa^ 
iinleaa h6 had eiti^&^ accompaQied theof himaelt or at leaai'^adf 
had auch a comaiqiiicatioii either with Sir John Dbnglaa, or lilr. 
Lowten, as it never could have occnrred to any of them to havQ 
aaade to Mr. Cole/n^I^, ioatead of being a^erewitneaa, he were 
a party to Jlhia abcusatioif ^ ' fiatr whether they had convinced 
themaehres, V^t f^iiny I^'pyd ajpoke trae, and Cole and Mrs. Bi^-> 
good ihlaely ; or wh^h^r.'the^ had' convinced themaelvei of the 
reverse. It could nbthava been posslbte, that they both could haVe 
apoken ' the troth ; ttui, consequently, the Ooinmiaaionera contdi 
never have reported the veracity of ho(h tahefK^ from anipicion. 
and dealing of credit. ' ' "' ' • ' '! 

, There only reniaiiia that I should ibakoa tew ohaervattoiia o& 
whai appears in the examtnationa relative to Mr.' Itood/ (no^ 
£ord Hood^). Mr. Chester, and CAplaiti Moort. ' Aiid treal^i; 
ahouid" not have thought a aingle ohaervaltdh "necenary upon 
either of theta, except that what refers to theifn is stated Ip the 
kahiiliitiotts of Mrs. Lisle. / . ^ 

Wit^' respect to Lord Rood, it is as follows :^ ^^ ' I 

*^^'i waii at Catherington with the I^rilicess/Veinember ^i;^ 
^o# Lord) Hood ther^,. and the Prineess goin^ out atriog ijatj^ 
ht^ ^tbne in Mr. Hood's fiUle whistcev ^^and his servant w)^ 
witK' t^VnOj; Itfr* tlood droVt, and staid out twoy or three times ; 
^ore f(ifuibhc^,, three or four times. ^ i^r. Hood dif{ed i^ilf ija! 
^; once pc twice he slept in a honse in the ;gard<|Q j| 
l , to ^ pay no attention to him» but thiU of compiog 
iLn ihtimate acquaiAti^iicew'' Nowk Sjre, it i^ iiii«^ 
Qt^at I flrfi;vf,c^ot aevevftl limes, with IJord^oodiii 
^ , chaiscy , j^nd .spm.^.few times, twiipc I beH^ve ft, iiipa{^ 
wuiiout aiiy of my aervanta attending ua; and considering the 



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tt|iM(,of IHe, aoa Uie . rci^Ublfs olmi^|er o^^ I 

iever should baf« conceiveil tliat I mcbired ijie I^B^^Japg^r lo 

W W***»®}! "^ ■!? ^?Wc 7C W*f?nTJ*n?^ ,^^*-^% ?ti^'^ 
CoamiMiottOT to ioquive ipjo.mstap^ ^C.^^j^ 091140^)4; in w^^j^ 

aey may conceive i^ to, have beeii )<^ rffiHM*f ^-^hd ;i4igDi6«4rtbai| 

what>ouid fn}^i\j^t^mtV^^^^ 19 

ip«tapcea>ii|.w^ic^^if| F^re^n^ ^tt^f^^.bjK mote 1^^ 
seryanU c^ my 011C11/ ; Upon this I hay^ ^p1^ .1^ oba^vci^ |hat then 
^isiapcea pccuhred aitter I ba4, r^eived 'the jnews of ihs' lam^ote^ 
jefl^^ of yoor MftjestjF^.profherj, the Doke of G)ouceB|eic I fra« 
at that time dt^wn by the sea ai^de for ipy health.^ X did oot fiks 
fo forego the advaDtage of air ^lad es^eircwe for the al^ori^ 
of the time which I had to stay tbei^^ apd 1 purpmiel^^ cj^ose tq 
go out, not in my owp carria|^e^ and yDatt^nded^th^tJ mif^t lipt, 
be seen, and kuoi^n to be driviug ^bolt^t^ (u^ys^lf ^pd my attend? 
ants^OQtof mou^|i9g),l)<hi^.hi8 |ko;|^jirj(ii^ known tqt 

have been so recently; clc^. . Th|8 ^^ti^e^itj, boffeye^ !» aW l^al 
I have to mak€(upqi my pa^ 9f.the case, and wkatovei^ lad^runi 
or impropriety of behaviour the Commissioners have fixed jupoii 
roe by this ci^comslancei it ifiust remain; for I cannot deny. the 
^uth of thA fac|^ amd h|^ve only the aboye e3(|Janation to.o#fir 4>j[ 
it ] Aift>o. w^at Mrs. JUsWf exfusinatton oonUina.'*'^^ f^tt^l^. ^ 
]iVr. Chester aiid C^tfiin Moore, it is so connected^ W^A ^F'^^ 
frpilble your Majesty with the st^teineot of it al^gethqrf ' . y Jj; , 
* ^'I was with her Royal Highness at Wy, She4leMy,|| 
CShrislmas in Sussex ;—L enquired what company was th^r^.w^n 
I a|Die,«r»she said, onty. Blfr. Jpbii Chester, who was .there^By j^er 
Royal HigiinessV orders; that sl^e could get no oth^ coppanx 
to liieet her, on accoarut of the .roads; and the. seasipn of tlif vean 
tfi din^d $nd slept there, that nt^Bt;'ibe neit d^y otn^'co|n* 




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»*^^«-«^^!!*T:^!^ JfiK'sw-^ Hiw ^Mff ^m^r mf 

Ho liM there o^^ ttormta| m iafiaajry la«l^ on tj|it l^riM^ii^ ??!Bf%J 
loti^ji birfJiHkjj^ bew^ljwray before tli0. jest 0^**^ «>»PP?Jfcia 
I n^|JK)l(lH| ^it iw^n^ miniitet tjbe «ecpnd tjiifM I wa l».9^»)%(w 

Ui^^.t^ii fi«e,aMflitipii.tn Mr. gjie^^f ^t^t<^|^ ^(|^„. 
Afcmff^j.^ I kn^w oC btr Royal Iiif^|ifie||f^w^^J^ ^f^^^V^cid 

il i»i^4^liit ^lh«r noiiiii b^v^opt V>»«' %;CJhflW!^ i»i«i»«f»<f S 

Mifi|dMtoCa|»laiD M^oliy.'' .. . , m ... . . ...^ ...fj.p 

And fimt, Sir«r m t4» vlwl mhta lo Jtt.^kMeK*- If tiiM)ftji^,,; 
any impiiUiion to b« ic«a. ofoii sy ohwvclfNr Jbf whalpajMi^ „ 
8lieffi^ Pla^« with Ur. CbMtec, (tad by ikaComBi^MNMH jq^' .. 
terniiif to. onmiiie Mr«^U«le opoiiH^ aUentigii toMr.Cliia tejg y^y 
my Wftlkiog o«i with Jiim^ and above all, <« ^9 to hm haing a pcettf .>t 
young, nnui^^ I conoeiviqil %m be m inlended} I aniaaDayonc liar. , 
joal^ will aeo UiaA il ia the. faardeat tiling iwuigiiiabloi upon, aai^ > 
Ihal^ «p«ii an oe<^rc;no» wkkb paasedin Lafiy SknttmWm ko«a% t, 
•na viaitto hoK, Lady Sheffield howeU wan never esf»ijied>. fee. ^ 
if ahe had beea» I an caairinMii that iheaei noblo lordfH lko,Co9n ^ 
wm^o^pTB, neier coald have pufe «* to tko. ftmlvl decra^%j^|^e|f^ ^ 
ataiing any thing nfoii IkiaaubjegsL .. i . ^\^^i 

The atateaieai begins bjr Hia* lisk'a inqoirii^ yJial co«pa|^ .^^ 
wa% tkepe ? and Lady SbefieU aaying, " o^y Hr. Jokfi Clije^%|.,^ 
who,w«is.lbeffe by ker Boyal Higbiiess'e erderaj liiat ah^cni^^r^ 
get m 9Uiec ceai^oy o» netonni of life fpade*V b aojltki^,'^.^ 
JBire^ left, ^pen to, the. infaraaoe tkat Ma- Mm dimeter SM )^e .( j 
only^pnaon who had beea injiitad by lay ordera i U Lady Js^^^^^i 
fiekt.lwiibeeD examined^ abe voald hav^ beeu.aUe t^ ktyeiji^., ,j 
due^ the vei^y.leiUr ia^ which> in answer to her i«^y8.hiy> re^KB^^^ir 
thatJ would let buff know what company itwoald bie agi^eeable f^ ^^ 
me to i^eet,. 1 eaid, " every thing of the. nane of Norths all ft^^,f| 
Legg^^^fiod, Obesteca, William and John. &o. 4^ aud, Mr« B|nj ,^ 
lioli.'' Int&taad of. singing oat^ therefore, Mr. Jpkn Ck^^fi^^^Xuio 
iaeiededf kim iu the enoxaeration whieh i.made of the; Jietr f eb-^ ^^ 
tiona^ef JLia4y Sheffield ; and yoor M^^y from this alone c^OMot^^^i 
iail to ane haw fake axoloer^ eiren a true tei caa asaumey.; iU^^k^.; y 
not sufficiently inqaired into and explained. . - 



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MK^^jfistf'io ^t '6^', and tigtii Tny candle; why Uiifi ikclahoatd . . 
WMomlMf^'T atoi'w hotly at a Tos^ to conceive. AH the cirpupi-^ 
9^dllB6i^iififir yespeetii'ig it, connected very much as they are ''[ 
wfri'tiil^'fiitt^lki^ilsDWition of Lady Sheffield V housed #oiiT^' ' 
lMV^'«Uf"irutiy"^Ta'iiSf^d, if thought maWial to ' We t>een '' 
iB^ftitttr irifk^NI'^Wy Sfieffidd herself; and I shour} Uf^'^ 
beJH>HteAiVy^mrik''tti6 ^p^^ degradMion of aHudjAg at'^ir' 
tcV^iiiiMAMaaiiyihkf^^ notfurther detail, Without a.gre'at'^ 

dk|Ml^«*iHWlAM6{^V^ ^ I ^»ndt pos&ibly suppose ttich k 
Mii(^6MiMWIkreMdty^%r*my defence, it would, especmfly in ' 
addrataioff voar Majealy, be wholly inexcusable. Witfi respect 
lii^ttii>l&dtion wftich I paid to Mr. Chester, and my walking: 
oaf^tld^ Uone wRh him for a -stiort time, i know not how to 
wMit'ft\ At tbia diatauce of time I am not certain that 1 cai), 
witk perfect a^caraoy, account for the circumstance. It appears 
to hiife bean a rainy Aornrag ; U was on' the ^th or 28th of 
DadeMlMf ; andwlketli^, wrshitig to take a walk, I did iiot deaire 
Lidy ShdkM or Mta. Usie or any lady to accompany ine' in 
doHf|f iAaH, in tech a mdming/ i migitt tirink might be dis- 
agiWiaklSitotbem, iTeally cannot precisely state to your Majesty. 
BiK itere again, perhaps, in the judgment of tome perspps, 
Majf'IV^lit fiiMaiioe of 'liimliiartty which was not consistent with 
tbo dignity of the Prineesa of Wales ; bat aarely prejodice agattut 
■o^iiiili^' ifharacter mnst exceed all natural bounds in those 
niiiliHfn wliltii depravity can be drawn from soch a fact. As to 
CafrtidKHoore, it aeems lie was left alone with me, and twice lit '^ 
•B^Uiirbbon by Mrs. iiisle ; he was alone with me half an hour. ' 
Thi^kWl time Mrs. Ltsle left us, her examination aays it was to" 
lool^'fer k Ikiok wliiclt I wished to lend to Captain Moon;. How. ' 
loog^jMe was ablent on that occasmn she is not asked, but it cool</ - - 
bftfieii^ii' Ifut t«n minntes, as she appears to have been abseiff 
|w«llty",lkhia^ tile* second time. The Commissioners, though^ '^ 
Ae)^,'patttGiitar1y rliturn to the inquiry with respect to the length " 
eC title of ^erfiecorid absence, did not require her to tell them the- ^ 
•eeawM^of itf:*ii'they W, slie would have told them, that' it was - 
in si^rSh^of the same book; that having on the first t»ccaitOtf- ''^' 
lool^^'lfor it in the drawmg-room, she went afterwards to see^fbr' '^ 
it id'n^'Vft^gerald's room.-^But I made htm a present of an ' ^^ 
14, 2S 



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iHk«Uii4. i Hope 7<»ui« Miy«»ty w^r not Ih&nk i «n «riifi% «ilb- 
3^ur paHeUee %h«n I Uke'tiMioij of sQeh triflet« Bat'il it dl 
such trifles at these, that the evidence eonsUts, wlien it is IIm: 
evfdeiiee of respectable witoesses sneaking te fiicts, and ooaAe* 
qiientty speaking only the tratb. Captain MiMre bad oonleprMi 
oil toe #hat I Mt as a ooastderaUa oWigation. My «nlhar •• 
v«t^ |>ariia1'to theflate D<ietar M•ol«^B writingsi Oaplswi Masr^i 
ai'y^r Majesty knowa, is'Mvaoti, ami bar fnlmmA to l^bdafeav 
Ibr tVie pat^pose of aenditig it to my molbar^ a taamiiari^ of !&«■«« 
published work of ibe Doator'a. In retara Awtbik elviKty i bagyedk 
Ma acceptance of a trifling preoeut* 

There ia one cihsuinstatice aRa^ed to rn Hioaa eatamiMlimB, 
irbich t know not how to uotfve, tfiid yet ^el it ia pon ib l n 
to omfl-^I mean «^at respecls certaitt anaoymmM papei% oa. 
lettert, to which Lord dioltaondeley appeara to have beas 
examined, apofi tb^ supposition of their being my ^aii4^ 
writing. A letter mtlrked A; appeara, by the axamiaatiaa «f 
Lady Dotiglas/ Id baye been prefaced by bar ; aad aha l«o 
papera, Aiaited B.- ami a cov6r/ marked C. appear to have baan 
produced by Sir John. Tb*e papers i baveaever aean $ bal-4 
eoliect them to be the same av are aftluded to m Lady Itooglas'# 
originaT declaration/ and, from her represcaiation a^ tiiail, Vt^j 
are most infamous prodactions. From 'the style- aa4 IsogMga of 
the fetter, ahe saya, 6h> fohn Doogfas, Sir Sldtt^y* S«fitiiit4iid 
b^lvdf/ wottld have 116 manner of beaitotiaa in awacrtog) ^ini 
Mank, (for that is her phrase) to Ihetr benig in my bttiidwriliag^ 
and it ^eems, from the statement of his Royal Ht^aiH»t^ 
Duke bf Kent, that Sir Sidney Smith baH beeit ImpaamI mfmk t^ 
believe, that these letters and papers were really writote MNl toUt 
to Sir John and Lady Dooglaa by ma I etonoir bdlf, b««<B3toC» 
ieroarking to year Majesty, tlmt> thouglrSir Job* and 4Ady. 
Douglas produce these papers, and mark them, y«t aiMhar IIW[>aMi 
nor the other swears to their belief of my ba»dwrHiii|f ; ttlidftmafc 
itideed, appear, that they werd asked the ^itotloti $ and -«hM4l . 
once occurred to the Oommisaroner^ to be maiarM Ut i aqbi ^ jb 
^bdae handwriting these papm were, I shfottM hatb b eaa to flO fc 
aarpHaed at their not spplyHig to Sir John ab# Lady Dattglda tol 
ai^ear f t» as in tfaeir orrginal deolaraliou tbey offer to do; if U kwi 
Hot be^n that, by that time, I aiipposi^, tbe Commiflaioaafa^bali 



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•r Ibolroe fvJiie ^. Sir Jokn tmi Iit^y 
DiMglia'ft oalhp. Hid ihwefcre.^U iiol Iklnk ilfr worib ,«bM«^:^ 
adi theii any linrUirr ^H^UwM. . ,i , .^ 

Bm Kojpal BighMM lb# Duke of KeiU, m cqi|r0Mi4 by b^n iWRr 
m^^ vfe» coiif iiieed^ by Sir SMaej gpiitfa^ thi^l.thMe J^M«n|. 
MM hwm MM. Hii Royjitl HigbiMtt* b«d bt^n af p|i«i t« bjr.imi^ 
IB fl»ti»eq«tBee of my . iiftving vee6i«e4 • iormal iiotQ (fgta Miilf 
fnkof Ladty Ooitgitt» wd Sir Siibi^y Snitb^ raquaKiing aq^Aifd^^ 
«Me iBiiiit4ifttt}y. ; ibis ^|ui #ooa afler my tiayiiig disured IqiMft 
io more of lady JDooglM* 1 oodc^IvoiI, lbero(bre. Ibo audiMcci 
w required for the purpose of rerooviijtraHeQ, and expiamaiov 
%fm ihit cifcitmaUDoe^ knd M 1 w«« dftfirmmed iiof t» ailar ny 
mohitioB, nor ttdmit of a«y diMiissioa iipoa it« 1 xeqpefted h^ 
Boyil HigbaeHf who happened to be a^uaiiiW d with 9ir 8idaej 
SmUhy to U7 to prevent my hmng a«y Airlher tn^ablv opou tha 
ml^ect. His Rpyal Highness wr ^ir Sidney Sv^tb. and being 
iaipreaecd by him witk the belief of^ Lady Donglaa's 4»ry, tbail 
?ae Iho author of these anenymos lettmgs^ he did that whieb 
nalvally became him, under a^h belief; be endeaivoered, for Abe 
p$m of year Migeaty^ end the bonoor of the Rofal Family, tn 
ktep from the knowledge ef |he vorld, what» if it bad heeti frae^ 
weald have jasily. reflected aoch infioile diegraee apon me ; and» 
iisemna, from the narrative, that be procured, through Sir Sidney 
Smitht Sir John Douglases asauraiiee that he would, under ^aiatf 
ieg.fireaaietanceav remain quiet, if left unmaleslct^, *'T.hie. m 
iuti <hia Royal Higboeaa saye) he communicated to me the M» 
Itff tag day I and I eoemed saiia&ed with it.'' And uudoubtedly ae 
heealy eoauaaeieated the reauU to me, I could not bd.otberwise 
than aeftiefied s Ibc a^ all that I wanted wa% not to be obliged, to aee* 
Sie^oblt nifd lii^ly Douglas, and act to be troubled with them-augf 
Met, the r«inlt of bia fi^yal Highnees's interference, thrmigb Sir 
Sidney -Smith* ,i^aS;.^.prp«ciiKe me all that I Fsnted*. I,do.qei 
webdestthat hie JR<^al Highness ^d iM>t mention to me the.pnf|ttf 
qilaoi of these infamous letters and drawings, which were aacrib#d 
Ift^.; Ar,.as.longa» he believed they were mine, undoaUedly.il 
em^iPfiut^c^.^hicb be muatbave wished to nvoid; buti lament 
99 lili^aMiena, .tbat be. did not, as I should have saiisAed hiin».aa 
fm St |ea§l» M$ any assertioosof mine: could ha^eaatiafied htm,. by 
deriarin^ to him, aa. I, do now most solemnly, that the letter ie' 
nut iDiiie, and that J know jioHiing whatever of the coutento 

2si 



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324 

of ?l, (M* of tli«'brti«?r papers^ aud, I tiiirt, ti«l hkr lte3F*l Hig^oAs, 

' ftwi'ey^fy tm^ elte who may have tak«n vpiuiy Mae iaip iu aii u n 

' cMeemftt^ them to my prejadice, from the aaaoitioii of Sir Jolin 

' afidUdy IXou^las, wi1l» upon my aHertioa, afi4 tiM tviieM^of 

•'Ltfrtr'lCholrttondefey, remove fi^om their minda tMa fttlamftiilDs 

'Miehood; iviiich, with many others, the malioe of 8^ ioha.Mid 

IMy' Donifltfaa fiaa endeatonred to fatten aponMe. ' ' ' .« in 

T6Bntheiie papera Lady Doa^laa staMa^ ro liar IkdiiriliAB, 

' Ukat, ttbt only herself and Sir John Douglas^ bat *&k SMfaej 

' ftdrftb) would have no hesijiaUon in swearing to be rniktykaiid- 

writfng.— What says Lord Cholmondeley ?— ^ that he^w'^ter- 

feetly aeqaainted with my manner of Writing. Letter A. ia iiiH of 

my hatidwrittag ; that the two papers marked B. appear to be 

wraite in a diagaiaed hand ; that some of the letters io -tfaera 

remarkably reisearifle miite^ but, becaaaebf the diaguiae, heeatMot 

aay whether they are or not; aa to the cover marked C« be did 

' not see the same resemblance." Of these foarpapera (all ef which 

are atated by Lady Douglas to be so clearly and plainly nMne» 

that there can -be no hesitation upon the aabject) two bear do re- 

aemhlanee to it^ and although the other two, written in a diagniaed 

hand, have some letters remarkably resembling mine, yet» I tmsty 

1 shall not, upon such evidence, be subjected to So baae an impu« 

tation ; and really, Sire, I know not how to aceotnit fer the Omb* 

miasfoners examinin;^ and reporting upon this aubjeet iw thia 

manner. For I understand from Mra. PHigeraAd, tiiai these 

drawhiga were prodaced by the Commisaionera to her; mHl'thal 

' she waa examined as to her knowledge of them, and as \& the 

■ iinndwiilliig upon them; that ahe was aatisfied end-swore' that 

' ^they weiw not my handwriting, and that she km^w notikii^ of 

' ' thtemi and did not believe they could posaMy ^me ^m anjpif dy 

' lOPiAy house. 8he waa shown the taaal alao, which Ladyikftpglas, 

^' Inhetr DeehMUoti» says, was the '' identiealboi with which iihad 

'^Ulntttlobed Sir John Douglas to luficheonv*' • Tolhie aeaU thdagh 

^*' ir^'^iloch vesembled one that belohged to iiereflf, as temahe her 

"' li^i^ate'HIt she had partvcalarfy obaeryed «t, she whe ah lait aa 

''•{i6dillVe Ms'«a the ha«Nlwii(tiiig, aad havihg expresjUd'heraelf with 

it'>^njle feellHf andindifMtieii at the sappOKiiioa, lbateitlie#^>lber'- 

vj<«din,'er*at5'of<n«y ladies, coiildfae guilty ef imtfaal a tranaeetion, 

I»^^flle 0ofwmi«8iAher»itdll h^r, they wtre siiti«riHl, alid'<helKved4ier; 

^■' lUldMtliei^^Holsinie- wtird of M Ibis rckled In her e&^aaHnaiion.— 



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sua 

from ip^ I em accouoX fi?':,t^w V«AiP5f««XWg.,W74?iW»^<>f 

- timpiiMuky^aJlog^lihari ibut.iC they Jtbouglj^i|p^op|er.,t«»iPff9HH[ve 

* -•«iy*e«idaBce.iipoii ^, to make it tiie afjbJApt of any^^sf^if^fj^^ 

surely t^ej aboiiid ml \mye left it paLorfi CMfip/v)^)#ff a^,f e ; 

b^iJ teghito bftve had tbo beiMf t oC Mrd, .fi'UiKgis^l^'Rfje^eDce 

' mXk^ 0iit,-a« I said ^llefore, tkey take iio|.QOl¥?e 9f..hei,^Ki<kl9n® > 

' fM^;.tlie]r iniah tlieir Report, Uiey execute vUta|(fQ|4^n9t^,ji^e 

49Lim it bean^ upon the 14th. of ^ My,, ead it. is noM woiil 4Tr<9'ii^y8r 

tfftarwarda; namely, on^the 16ktb» tb&t thpy: examine Lordiplfpl-t 

iiMiidel^.lo.the handwrking'^-witb nM vi«w,.4Mid ^r ffbat piyr- 

fiMe, I eaiiDOt even aarsMae ;' bat .nitb wbet^ver; Yiti^, n^dr/br 

* wliateverparpoae, if theae leUera ajre aia^l tQh*a]lQdedi;(o w tbfilr 
Report, or the enunioaUona aMotnpAnying it^ a«fety'I;^gb|L,to 
teve' had the beneit of the .other evidence^whiivh dim^roved my 
oaancction with them. * / ' > . 

: t haTe anm, Sire»' gone ihroiigb aU the wakt^ia ^r^taioed m the 

etcMMration/ on whioh I ihuik it, in. ap^ degree* nec^aKMyj- to 

Imoble yo«r Majeaty with any obaervationa.— >:^or aa to the 

. esaninalion of Mra. Townley the waaherwoman* if rt Appliesr at 

• aii^ it' maat h*ve been inlended to baye afibrded evidence,pf pj 
' •yregnao^. and miaaarriaget—^And whether the lUcemnfFUiu^ ;|he 
> a^ealDilo wna oeeaiirioQed by ny haviiig be«n b|e<i wyth I^OffbMi^c 
li^ivhiayiereQ^antualaNacarriage did take place in my (aflvilyffif^nd 
^ ;l>y,aonaeimean»Hiiea belonging to me was j^rocuf»d and u4ed)Mpen 
I .tlie* loeoaoiott ; or to whatever other' eimuanatanee it ir to- be 
' . naeribed, aftatf the manner in whteh the CommiaatoneMi«hay«ifx* 
vt.yireaned 4behr opmieii> en the pait of the naaereape^tingimy 
x'>^»ffdMd pregnancy^ and after the evidence oii whi^jAh^]} JS^ciled 
u .Mtiiid^imp I do not ooneetve myself ealled,np09 iP^yi#ny 
.! . *bilig .Apoai ft 9 for thai any thing I oaald ^yi4S(fiilc|..hfin0¥»'e 
i'^itofciaftiolai7.tliatt'iw|>eatiiig.fche opinion of the Conmim^^na^fB^i aa 
-i^ eMeA>itt their Repoit^ via* " Thai nothing h|i4 appfl9rf^:|^;|9ein 
ihivhioht woald warrant the belief that I jtfaa pregnant iii.jU)|i|t.^f ar, 

j>4ld(Kb).^D at any ether period i within Ihel ooi^l^KiAt nfifAheir 
.ut bt y iiiat a n I fc tt ^they mauld nOl>:be watrhnlediin >eicfieaaipgi»ny 
, • 4l«inhiir^afMtii^>4he.aUegedvpregaan^if af.ithe<FBineeNiw 4a edited 
— .iiaMiaeiti^bal.dedaratieitt), a»faAt.aa fuHy contoulic^i eMito «o 



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kntfwfii iharl wtt eatniDt think ii entitled to tke— i atto tflr»d>tt*^ • . 

ThetB «ni M^«d seme otbiir naltert aenttoiie<l m «M ioHf(fikal 
il«ielirA«ioM>- #llicb I mfo/ht lmt« ft«nd it neecMiry ttf «keei>M 
^iv) kafravthe CommiMienera do not appea* to hkve «flit«^ 
M* aay ^aaiaiHlattoii irttk reapect to tkem, I aoaleni myaelf m^ 
Milttki^i: that Ikey had foaiid the aieaaa of mMjing tfatma^lfiia 
of HMr attor MMkood^^l thoae paitittulara, wad thareforo tkaft ^i^ 
4t» rofoire no oantfadiotMir or ohaoi^vatmk fraai. mo. ■ ' * 

Oa tii*>AMdaMion, thtfnfore, and tbe evidoaoe, i* bare ntMtig 
Ikrttier to rMait* And, oonaeiow of the laogrtb at wkiok i kiMdP 
tMpaaoUd to <fo«r Ma^el^'A paireNoo^ I wUI tekaar to waito» 
yomr tioie ky any eAdoaaour to reaapitalalia wkat I have mUU 
Some few iAmtwMkm i howoveh before i eoadode^ 1 meat hop# . 
to ke permitted to aabmifi/ 

in many of the okBerratiOM vkiob i have amde, yoor Biaieaty 
iritl okaerfo that i have votioed, what kaTo appcaredvto no to kil 
^reat omiasiont on tbe part of the Commiaaioaefa, in the awM M Niy 
bf iakniir ^^^^ exotfhitflloMa ; in U/tb^rimg tofi pot any fooatiomt 
to tte #ftwrtae#, to the MAtfte at * eFoaai«)iamkiation oC tkaai^ 
to ccfhfnM tk^m «Mi «aek otker ; and' to mil ether 
if\)4i^ leatimotty moat dUtfer kaf o con flim o il or fefaified, i4 ii 
am pdrlksttlani, the eibamiaatioifa. ao tbey kove taken tkoal; «it 
itiay pefkapoocdtip, in conae^eooe of aoek obaerratia«a, tk«|}k«ii| 
d«8ii«ya thai tMa la^pRry ahonkl b^ opened <egaiA; tkeil^'ilio 
CeinmMoAeto should recommenee their labonrs, oM^ilknt^tlMiif 
ilMifId proeeed to aapply ib» defeata in Hfeir pHeriona eM to i w X * 
tk>na^ by a foHer exeealion of their daly.---I ^MefoM tflieik^'fl 
oteeaaary, moat dtatMtly and omphatieatty to alttte^ tkat'I HUM 
iH>*aiMih meanhig ; and whatever may he theriiAs UnH I iM^lwm 
of b^gr <Mrged with betraying a oonaeraeaneto^of geHtyVy^ilklii 
#ykig froiti an e«tontieti ^r repetition'of tkia Inqairyii^HM^r^dfiL 
tlnetly state, that so fat from reqvesttngf the revival Hf i«^ iknnM^ 
t^qcMal your Majesty wOuM he graeionaiy pleaaed to onda ra land 
4M ik f emoustratin^, and protealing agaiiiat it, kk tktf sJiniinmit 
afiHl mostao[emn manner in my power. . (..•!•. 

i')m yet to learn the legality of anch d €ommisaian^6 i«|tftf#, ^ 
<«v^4if the ease of hii^b treason, nr aiiy other ofnAe knowft^l^tHk 
)dkA (6f ibe country. 11^ H4s fo^^nl m the easeof Mj^b> ti^^MW, 
wiippoaod to be oomttNtted by mO) snrelyarfirttat be kiii^ftfl iMjr% 



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jccl> of yoiif Mi ^ ty * . . ..> 

li.TiiiiiihfMii oMMh ot|ie«lUm.i» tWin fflRfM»i.A«i^riii^|ilt».t«ur. 

1i9d«iitaiMliiig MMiiw me. Thai such In^iri^, ^mnimkmk tif^m^ 

Usb 4|ilhoffifty» imjf» nay oliwt^ hafM & iewlMfiy .l#ffCi|^NNM Mm 

^iMte ftf Mm fMEtiei wIm> are «x|»DMd W^ibtm^ j%mi ^ttMsrebfi 

Mataott tba farUter frooeedings iq their case ;ff-r4i»ftaffaitaiarfBte 

ad to keep baek.lraai jiotiae, and in aeci^M^^ the fieiHon af ai4ilta 

I ^09mm, aad'la Cmm Iha acaate^ io dia.fradiaiaiMtAC ncalkar 

I hHRt «i*l^ to look foranfd for |»otecUao to an a^tftal of biaiMfi 

ticibr ladceM la the conviction /of his aaaiiier»-^Tkat Ibei^ aadi 

MPJ alhar aiyeatioas ocAut to aoch a>inada oC piacaedliagy in tba 

' «i^'Or«orina known to tha lava of- thii taanlry, appeaia ta be 

foita obvioHii.*— But if CommiMionars toting ander saoh a powepj 

I or. yoor Majesty's pfiiy ooanaily.or any regular magistrataSi a hen 

I Itey have satiafied thaoiaehrea.oC tha ialsaboDd of the princtfial 

qhflrgaj and tha abseaea of all kegiU and snM«»t«va ofi^noe* lire to 

ha ao a a td t fft d as eaipo5H0rod to pnoosad in lha«iuuviiiiatioa of Aha 

parhMaia of priv«ta life ; to repovt upon 4b6 pne^iaUai. of 

4iimtifraoodagt; and tha di^socaws of prvvide bahaviaart nnd to 

pBSiWMS thoir ppinioi^ agninst th^ pariy. uppn tbo evideni^^ qf 

djssnlwfiirf iiervantsj whose voraoity they are to hold np s#^ unint* 

! poaehwHr, and U> do this withoat porsMtting tha parfoos whose 

I eaadnfiit ia inquired into^ to suggest one iKO,rd in expbinntjon m 

eeafrndiftion of the matter witfi wJtii«h they see ohMged: it 

I iffuVt i ^ahmit.to yoar Migesty, prove such an e^taek apon the 

I ^^Writ^ AMi oeofidenee ^f dosMstic lifi^ aneb i^ meim of reqor<li«g» 

^piher thaipAation of great nam^ and high aotbaiity^ tha laoiil 

iM(ieio«i9k Md foalest impatatioas» that no ehara^ter ^ii|d posr. 

mljf^ be eaonra ; and wonld do w^f^ \a ht^ in oppm nnA fiadeRt 

mm^it^^Jf*^ <^ comfort of liijp, than any proiQe^iag ^[tl^ 

aould ,be imsgined. /i . . 

T4ia|inMi|« in general p»rh^ may feel npt mooh iotforeslL io^ j(|h^ 

jBn)^|>|iijiiiyn» of sMch a precedent in siy case. Tbey ipiy tiiirik 

U to he a oonjne of pro^ceadi^g scarcely upplioaUa to any jj^iy^ffi/^ 

WlM^f y^k ^ ^^^ ^^^1^ * ^^^ ^ honour, of deceaoy, nfni of 

4pivpaai[|» !^u e^lished> n^y fi^ttiects might oa^ to ihM»<iA 

.flisM.he thf)u|[l|t adTiiabh to oi^lmi '^ juri#di0ioo, beyt^d^ 

AfHifjip^ of ^, Princ^sfl^of Wale*. Bat fhoi4d| it hointondad t^tbt 



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S28 

confined to me, yoor Majesty, 1 troet, will not lie ettrfiised to 4iid • 
that il does not reeoocile me the better to it,.«honld I learn 
myself to be the single instanoe in yonr kingdom, who. is exposed 
to the scrutiny of so severe and formidable a tribaoai. So iSyr 
therefore from giving that sanction or consent to any fresh la^lrfy 
upon similar principles^ which I should seem to do, by^requifingi* 
the renewal of these examination!, I must protest agains^til ; 
protest against the natare of the proceeding, becanse ita.rfault . 
cannot be fair. I must protest, as long at least as it ramaiiui 
doobtful, against the legality of what has already passed, .as well 
as the legality of its repetition.— If the course be legal, I must 
submit to the laws, however severe they may be. Bat I trust 
new law is not to be found out, and applied to my case*— If [ am 

. guilty of crime, I know I am amenable, I am most conteiilad 
to continue so, to the impartial laws of your Majesty's kingdom ; 
and I fear no charge brought agaiust me, in open day,., under the 
public eye, before the known tribunals of the country, adminisier* 
ing justice under those impartial and enlightened laws, . Bui- 
secret tribunals, created for tlie first time for me, to form and pt^* 
nounce opinions upon my cominct,' without hearing me; to nmfd, 
in the evidence of the witnesses which they report, impatati^ua 
against my character upon ex parte exaioinatious, — till 1 aiu 
better reconciled to the justice of their proceeding's, I cauiiet fail 
to fear. And. till I am better informed as to their legality,' 1. 
cannot fail in doty to my dearest interests, most solemhly t6 
remonstrate and to protest against them. 

• If such tribunals as these are called into action against me try 
the false charges of friends turned enemies, of servants 4«m^ 
traitors, and acting as spies by the foul conspiracy of aoeh soetal 
and domestic treason ; I can look to no security to my hononr in 
the most spotless snd most cautious innocence. 

By the contradiction and denial which in this case I have been 
enabled to procure, of the most important facts whidi have beeu 
sworn against me by Mr. Cole and Mr. Bidgood,— by the observa- 
tions and the reasonings which I have addressed to yonr Majesty, 
I am confident^ that (o. those whose sense of justice will lead* them 
to wade through this long detail, I shall have removed 4h« tm« 
pre^ioos which have been raised against me.^ — But how am I to 
ensure a patient attention to all Uiis statement P How many will 

' bear that the lord chancellor, the lord chief ju«it ice of the king'a 



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3S^ 

iJ^M^I^Ag-iM^imot tbe IreasurV; inrf'o«e of Wur' Mfi^u ' 
|il>ib4d «**WUrf^ df stale, iiav(j^eportedtgain8tiergi^^^ 
dtelttH«i«I, <ffey^fcif« dwlar^to fc uhViawed and Hnqa^tiopi' 
•■*/ iiho%flt neVi* Aave Ihe o>pirtufitiy; or if tteyliad ihlj-''* 
fH«teiity, iH|fht tktt'Aa?etheirtcllnatUn, to correct the ewri^^^ 
tiiill'»^t;V**tj4!^fe^tlMo«'my8tilfem«^^^^^ ^ ' '^^^^^ 

^Vm^^mfkHk}^ Sy thl* proceeding my character t'^V-^' 
«li*iiieifcnf»*fir3ft=^ *or a Princeis oTIfate to haye Seen"^ 
?mm9iJ\mBim\,i^\Ach\i^^ cseiitiat to Ber honW to re- ' 
%*tet otie t(«imdi*t^ W'tfWtef thatlie'.waa n6t locked tfp al mlj-^ 
nnrkfrinitri^iii ititkii&>t\9ni;' tnA anoUrefe^/that he dtd no^ give ' 
U^ lalaadHooa Mkil«f, M^ irtrver slept f* her hottse; is to have "^ 
k6i»Actt«llyil^ild6datf*illsgraocd;-i.|havelMK^^^^ ' 

iD'ltttsitoatfoiij i bate Hben croeHf, yoor Majesty wfU permit 
m^ say m, ernelfy degradM Inttr the aecessity of making sach 
reiivesti; a iieeesiAty ifhieh 1 never oodM hhve tieeti exposed hi^ 
•ven «ader this In^ry, if mm ttttfntfon ^md been given to ifie 
tmMBalAmi^ of these Itoalidoos ti^ti^gm, and of the evidence on 
whMi tdoy- real. 

.M««li' seliflilade i» m, and Jnslly so, as connected ^tth thfa 
Iai|«trjr, fiir the hononr of yoor Mxjevty's illnstrioos family. 
a«|feiarely « trae regard to that hoimr shonid liave restniined 
thM0 arte fMiiy Mt for it from caating sneh severe reflectfons o% 
t2iackaMolM>«advirtiie^f*thePiHneess of Wales. ' ' 

It, «y«ad,'aAar.tho aooat diligent an^ anxioHs Inquiry, pehe^ ' 
trating into every circumstanoe connected with tbe 6bai-gd, * 
te^it lii ntf oaery sMtoe it&m wbfcb iBfermtttion eootd be Sefi^ei, 
aait MMtaiiGmig aMlb aM that aoatenea» into the c^odft aiMT <*ai'"* 
rattsrrflbexwtlnaans whleh g#eal eapeHdtee, frtetit,'aiid1iftentr "^ 
geiaeiMiU^Mnv to smb a niibleet; and above alf, rf %tUt^iihg'"^ 
M aoQus opportanity a^^bomg beavd; tbe fbrce (if tru« batfiii ^ 
kt^toMtpeUed' any; persens fa hm, aa reludanHy and h^O^ 
«illbgly«» tbeyiwoaM, agniiMt tbeilr o^n dbo^tfaten, tM ot>fMWf "^ 
Ibab bt ibaan ipranoansid; voregwd, anqneatidnably, to my KdnMP * "^ 
an d i n ha w rt wi/ Bov^ta>tbai of your Mtjei«y% lamHy, aain sdiMf ^ 
dcprattinvdiljd in mniej conM bate jtmtitM tbe suppression df ^ 
tbalM>piatoin if legaMy caAled (at in tbe course of officiaf atW "^ 
|wbll4 dnty^ 'Wbeiber sueb caution and reluctance ai^ rtOf'^'^ 
mutfMl i«>tbeaa proceedings, I must lebveto less partlaf jud]^-*^* "* 
nii«i(rtbaA^yowtt«todeternifne. t-tr »!. .i 

14. 2 T 



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380 

In the foil exainiaatioii of ibeM prootefliiig«, vluch jailioe to 
ny Dim duiraetor has re%»ire4 of roe, I htve boeo compiled :to 
ndk< vai^5 obBtrvaliont nhiob/ I fear, may prote ofiemiif e to 
penons in* higb power .--^Y^iiu'. Majesly will eaaily Mieve, whm 
I loieMialy aaaare yoa, tbafc I haTo been deeply sorry lor yield to 
the neectsity of ao doiog. This proceediag manifeela thai I have 
enemiea^aoagb ; I coold imt wieb anneoeaiiarily' to inerewe their 
aumbeiv or their weight I iniit, howevfcr, L hare dooe it, I Inew 
it has- be^ my pnrpeae to do it,* in a wanner aa little oflenaife 
as the joakice due to myself would allow of; bai I have felt that 
I baye been deeply injiwed ; thai I have bad mneh to complain of; 
mod that my. ailenoe new would notbo' taken for forbearance, bat 
would be ascribed to me as a eonfessiou of gnilt TbeRepNt 
Uself announced to me« thai these things, which bad been ap«4en 
to by the witnesses, ** great improprieties and indecencies of eon- 
dad,'' *' necessarily oecaaiooiftg meal unforonrabie interprda- 
tiona, and deaerring the moat serious consideration,'' " nvarbe 
credited till decidedly conlradicted/' The most saliafootory 
disproof of these circumstances (as the contradiction of the ac* 
cnsed is alwaya received with caution and distrimt) rested in the 
proof of the foul malice and falsehood of my ateasers and their 
witoesses. The Report aaaonnoed to your Majeely timl these 
witoessesi whom I felt to be foul confederates in a base oenapiraey 
agmainat me, were net to be auspeoted of unlavourable bias, mid 
their verainlyj in the jadgment of the Commianinneta, wet to be 



Under these circooMiancea, Sire, what conid I do? Oonid I 
forbear, injnatice to myaelf, to annomic<$ to your Majesty the 
exiataace of a conapimtey againsl my honour, and my stsAionito 
this country at leaaW if net anpaioat my lifo ? • Genid I foiiMar to 
point ool .to your Msjeaty how Wag this intended miachtof bad 
been meditated againat meP Could I forbear to pssn^^ontmy 
doobta, al Jeaat, of the Is^lily of the Gtfnuniaaion under irfaioh 
the proceedinjg had been had? or topointottt^theerremand in* 
accnraciea into which the gieat and «ble 4nen who weeo named in 
thia Ooromission, under the burry and preaaare of their, great efi« 
eial occupations, had fallen in theesecutionof Ihia^doty? .CenM 
I forbear to atate and to urge, the great injostace»and injiiry Ihal 
had been done to my character and my honour, by jopiniona fto* 
neonced against me without bearing me ? And if, in theexeea* 



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8di 

ttOB «r IM gveaiiailK; to easentkl to mylMMioar, I Itftveiet drop 
Any «xpfwnons wbkba ooM^ and mor6 csntiom prudehcie wonM 
iittTe<eh«eked; I appeal to Toai* Majesty^ Mrni'lieart'afid genenws 
IMingn'tD attgg«at my exeose, and to aiR>rd my pairdon. * 
' Wlml I haTo vM, I htife •aid'oudei' the prennie o^'iWMfk mii^ 
Ibrbme, and«^ the protoeation of great and acenmnhttad injneliea. 
Oh ! Sire, to be onfortunate, and aeartis tb feel at liberty to lament ; 
to he cmelly nved, and to feel it almoet an ofienoe and a daty lo 
be ailent, ia a hard lot; bet nee had in lome degree Inoiied me. to 
it Bat to find my miifferlbnea'and' my tiijnrieB impnted to me aa 
feolta; to be called- to aoeottnt^opon'a'cbafge made againat me by 
Lady Dotigks/ who was'thoaght at firat worthy of credit, although 
ahe had pledged her veracily to the fact of my haTing admitted 
ibai I was myaelf the aggreator in eiv^ thing'df whieh I thd to 
eomplain, baa subdued all power of patient bearing ; and when I 
was called upon by the Commissioners, either to admit, by my 
silenee, the guilt which they impnted to me, or to enter into my 
delenee« in contradiction to it;— no longer at liberty to remain 
silent, I, perhaps, have not knpwn^ how, with exact propriety, to 
limit my expressions. 

In happier days of my life, before my spirit had been yet at all 
lowered by my misfortunes, I should have been disposed to have 
Biel wabh aebkrge-witb the contempt which, I tirust, by this time, 
year Megesty thiniBe>dueto it, I should have been disponed to have 
defed my enemies to the utmost, and to have scorned. to answer 
to any thing but a legal charge, before a competent tribunal ; but 
ib^sl^y present mitfortoiies, such foree of mind is gate, longht!^ 
perbapa, S0 fari t« be thlrnkfoi to thimr for their wholesome leisOmi 
of. humility, 1 have therefore entered into this long detail to ea^ 
deavour to remove, at the first possible opportunity, any nnfa* 
HOiurMe impressions; to rescue myself from the dangers whioh 
.the«ebntsahiaii€e of -these sospioioes might occasion, and to preaerfe 
tome yon^ Majasty^a good opinion, ia whose kiodnesaihithsiilsul 
have found infinite consolation, and to whose justiee, nndernll 
cireumaianees, I can confidently appeal. 

- lUnd^r ihe ilnpresaion of these sentinmnts, I throw myielf M 
}fmrMijfM$'M. feA. I know that whatever* sentimenta of neseal* 
flMnt,t whatever wish for: redress, by the punishment of my.lhlie 
aocMiers, I ought to feel, your Majesty^ as the father of a Slmngv^, 
assarting under lalse accusation; as the head of your if 

2t2 



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das 

boqse .diah^noored .in . nvt, and w t|ie greai gnardiM of lh$ IfMrt 
of yoor kiDgdom* tbw fooUy attempted te have been applie^ to 
the purpoaes of injuatice, will not fail to feel for ma At alt 
eTentHi I tnat your Majeaty will reatore me to tiie Mciitiisp-of 
yOMCigKaciotta preaence, and coniirm to me^ by yoor-own ^gmiimm 
wotdai) yoor aatiafactpry conviction of my innocence, 
lam, . 

With efery aentim^nt of gnlitnde ^ loyoUy^ 
Year H^jeaty'a moat afledioniite 

and dutiful Datighterin-lAw^ 

Subject and Senrant^ 

C. P. 
MmlagMe H^me, 2d Oei0her, 1806. 




CHAPTER VI. 



Such is the depence which the Princess of 
Wales was enabled to make to one of the most fouU 
malignant, and wicked attempts on her life and 
honour that was, perhaps, ever before made on the 
life of any individual. That there shoold, in the 
1 0th century, and in England too, have existed m 
wlBll-educated female of family and of rank, so lost 
to every sense of honourable feeling,' ^ destitqte 
of every spark of gratitude, so debased as to state, 
in the presence of some of the highest noblemen 
and peers of the realm, so many facts of sheer in- 
decency ; and so abominably wicked as to attempt 
the- U£e of the wife of the Heir Appareat, pot* 
terity 'will scarcely credit ; and the name of Lady 
Douglas will never be mentioned but in association 



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388 V 

witil infiEiniy^ti union ^th all that Isatiboitefit to 
the best portion of our natures. 

That the reader might be in fall . pos8e«siK)iiJ<^ • 
erery thing of real importance conffeetee) with 
'* The Delicate Investigation/^ I have thought it 
my duty to present th^ mp<it valuable of those do<* 
cnmetitii in a perfect shape; and^ certainly^ the 
present is one of the most interesting portions of 
the domestic history of the royal family ever yet 
recorded, equalled only by the awful climax whieb 
the reader will have to contemplate in the subse- 
quent pages of the present work. 

The present chapter shall be devoted ta a cir-« 
cumstantial detail of every important event ari^ng 
out of the investigation^ already noticed at length, 
OBtU the tllustrious and suffering subject of these 
Memoirs was induced to leave this country, taseek 
repose on the continent, and some degree of relief 
from her unparalleled anxieties by travelling through 
thie most interesting portions of the civilized world. 

The reader will naturally- inquire as to the result 
of the long and very able letter to the late King^ 
given in the preceding chapter. With that letter, 
her Boy al Highness sent, also, the following truly 
affectiDg note : 

" TO THE KING. 

'« Id discbflrgf* of tke dsty I owe to myself^ asd the great diaty 1 
ove to yoer Majesty and yoar illustrioua family, I have heiewttti 
traoamitted a statement, which I confidently trust will appear to 
prove me not unworthy of the protection and favour with which 
yovr Majesty has pleased to honour me. 



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SS4 

'STo ke vaiiorfl^ U ihal lafour ami proleolioar in < 
of a eoDvietion id your Majesty's miml of aiy iDBOcepce* prodMe4 
b^ the papers I now humbly lay before yoor Majesty, is the first 
wish of my' heart. 

. f', Qri^ti, Shre, deeply gnaveil as I capnol but bfi. thal^oof 
Najeaty sb#ald be exposed to so much ti^uble on s^paiitfoft m 
occasion, and on my account, it is yet my humble trust Uiat year 
Ma^y will graciously f>rgtve me, if extreme anxi^y .about my 
hl»hpur/and your Mi^^^'* (atoorable opinion,. leads me IranUy 
to soUciti as an met of justice, that scmpulona attention on jtvr 
Majesty's part to these papers, which cannot fail, I think, to pro* 
dnce in your Majesty's mind, a full conviction of my innocence^ 
and a duo aease of the injuries I have safiersd. i ' ^ 

" One other prayer I, with all poaaibia Ifsmility aod«oxietf 
address to your Majesty, that, as I can hope for no happiness^ 
nor expect to enjoy the benefit of thai hk reputation to which 
I know I am entitled, tKl I am re«adnitted into year Mmjeity'a 
preaence, «nd a^ I am in truth, without gailt, BufferHig,whaito 
me is hefi?y punishment, whilat I am denied access to ^our Ma* 
jeftty, your Majesty will be graciously pleased to form an early 
determinalion whether my. conduct and my sufferings do not ao-^ 
thousa me to> hope that the hkasiiig of being restored to yoor 
Majesty's presence may be conferred upon. Sire, your Mi^featy's 
dutifully attached, affectionate, and afflicted daughter-in-law and 
subjeetj - 

(Signed) ''CARQUNB.*' 

'* Biackh^Qih, Oct. 2, 1806/' 
. ' >i . MI..../. ..1 • • *•» 

, .Qne would have tbaK^bU ihat alter aueh a.'daoh' 
siive answer to evt»*y charge of crimiriAKtyiftdiaeed 
against her Royal Highness; and after Moh.iia 
aflRM!tionate appeal by Mfbich it wax accotDpanied» 
that not a day's unnecessary delay wonld hnYetaken 
place mretoraing a satisfactory reply Co ft; that 
the mind of the royal sufferer might be instantly 
relieved as tpqch as possible from eyery anx^i^y m 
the score of character^ and her repQtatioQ peiiietebty 



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966 

YMfcqfttd .to the j^iohiic. But* eUsf from some 
teM«»*^r t^beft'iiffne weiBks w^re Mildred to^lapse, 
and bo' nbiice tvbatever appeared to have been 
Uikeo of .tbe important commuQicatioQ made b}* 
lier<itoyai HigfhneiiB' to his MAj^9ty, iHbei^tse thaH 
thai the Lord-Chancelior had ihformecl the Print 
pasa'a couaseJ, that the letter shoald be conveyed 
to 'thetKiiig' tbe Tery day on "vrhibh be had biBhietf 
received it; titod, alto/ thit \u abtfat a \reek or 
ten days afterwards/ his lnrdsHip cofDmunicated to 
btr Rojal Highnesses solicitor; that bis Majesty 
had read the letter, and. that it bad been 'trans* 
mitted to bis lordship, with directions that it should 
be copied for the Cot&missioHers, and that when 
SQeh: copy bud'b^en'tdiken/ the cyriginal siioald bd 
ratorned to the King. 

• Wai it^. therefore, to be wondered at, that hev 
Beyid' Highness should beooitie somewhat impa- 
tient to have such an answer to her letter as would 
satiaCaeierily restore her, to the protection and so- 
eiefey of his Majesty, and put a speedy termination 
to. the fumoors that were daily gaining groand in 
the. i^btic mind to her prej ud rce P 
Ii.!i0e..the' dth of Dectember bbe again ventured to 
addffea^ Ais ^Majesty, in a letter strongly, but re- 
fpccUully e&pressive bf her anxiety and uneasiness 
9ifcltbe delay io reply to' her communications of the 
Miif^iOcAober< precedidg. In this letter she says, 
that hie Majesty V own tniikd woold easily* conceix^e 
.iHbatiJaaat have been her state of anxiety and sus- 
peasert)whiJUt she had been fondly indulging in the 



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8S6 

bop^, tfiat. every day as it paM«d» woald bviof.ker 
tbe happy tidingii» tbal the King was satiafied of her 
innocence, and convinced of the anfomided malice 
of her enemies, in. every part of their eharge. She 
CQinplaioed, and that not without much apparent 
jotftice, that she was saffered to remain in tatal 
Ignorance of what bad been done, n^hat was theo 
doing, and what was intended on tbe subyeat. 
Whatever might be the c^se of the delay, her 
feelings were severely tortured by suspense, whilst, 
as she fe»red, her, character was sinking in tbe 
opinion of the. public^ 

Her Royal Highness said, that it was known 
that a Report, though acquittiag ber, of crime, yet 
imputing matters highly disreputable to her honoer, 
had been made to his Majesty j-^tbat Aat Re«> 
port had been communicated to.hemalf :r— tkat she 
bad endeavoured to answer it; and titat ahe atiH 
remained, at the end of nine weeks from tbe ddi- 
very of her answer, unacqiiajnted with tbe j«dg* 
ment which jvas formed uppn it. Upim^heae ff^la^ 
her ;pqyal Highness n^ost justly complains ef tbe 
extreme prejudice occasioned to ber honour by tbe 
delay. The world, in total igporaoceof ibe veal 
stat^ of the facts, beg^iu to infer, her guik Irem ii, 
She felt. herself sipkipg in the eakimaftiea of tbe 
people, generally, as well as wbatremaiaed to her 
of her own family, i|4oastat^io wbicb ber benoiir 
appear^, at least equivocal, and ber virtue waa 
auspected; a sjtoatipfi intolerable to a mied^eoiv^ 
scious of i^s,., purity and innocence. fVtm M$ 



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397 

ttttlm^ oonditien she humbly entreated hia Ma* 
jmty to pierceif e, that she coold have do hope of 
htiag festored, until the King's favourable opiiiioa 
abOuld be notified to the world, by receiving her 
Jttgmii|-iitt^tbe royal presence, or until the fuH dis» 
chMure of the facts should expose the malice of her 
aoclis^n, and^ do away every possible ground for 
tatftr^urable inference and conjecture. 

The' various calamities with which it had pleased 
€rod to aiBict her, she had endeavoured to bear j 
Mid she trusted, that she had borne them with 
homUe resignation to the Diyine will. But the 
effect of the infaibous chaise, and the delay which 
bad suspended its final termination, by depriving 
b#r4if the consolation which she should have re« 
oeived from his Majesty's presence and kindness, 
bad ^iven a heavy addition to them all ; and surely 
her bitterest enemies could hardly have wished that 
they should be increased* 

Sliiatb^n proceeded to remind his Majesty, that 
(be Queen's birth-day was drawing near^ when ad 
occaiioD would be offered for assembling the royat 
Mii^; a»d that should any circumstance take 
^laee that would delay the King^s answer beyond 
tkat |^ri€»d, the world would infaHibly conclude 
IkM ber aaswer to the Report of the Commi»- 
sioiiarB must have proved unsatisfactory, and that 
tbe ssfiMsoM charges had been thought to be but 
te# trae4 These consideratiotis, she Irustedf would, 
iH'tbe iMHid of his Majesty, rescue her address from 
all ilD|Hitation of impatience; for his Majesty's sense 

15. ^ 2u 



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338 

of, honourable feeling would naturally suggest, how 
utterly impossible it was, that she, conscious as she 
was of her own innocence, and believing that the 
malice of her enemies had been completely detect- 
ed, could, without abandoning all regard to her 
interests, her happiness, and her honour, possibly 
be contented to perceive the approach of such otter 
ruin to her character, and yet wait with patience, 
and in silence, till it overwhelmed her. *' I there- 
fore,"* she concludes, *^ take this liberty of throwing 
myself again at your Majesty's feet, and entreating 
and imploring of your Majesty's goodness and 
justice, in pity for my miseries, which this delay so 
severely aggravates, and injustice to my innocence 
and character, to urge the Commissioners to an 
early communication of their advice." 

To save all unnecessary trouble, as well as to 
obviate all probability of further delay, her Royal 
Highness directed a duplicate of the above-named 
letter to be prepared, and sent one copy of it through 
the lord chancellor, and another through Colonel 
Taylor to the King. 

A limited and restrained monarchy, like our 
own, with all its blessings (and they are not a few) 
has, in some cases, its evils and inconveniences* 
The maxim, or rather constitutional fiction, that 
the King can do no wrong ; and that ail his mea- 
sures and communications with his subjects must 
be taken and made through the medium of his 
confidential advisers, is not unfrequently the cause 
of a great delay of justice, and sometimes, to indi- 



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339 

▼iduals/ apparently at variance with those Divine 
maxims laid, down in the 29tb chapter of Magna 
Charta, which declares that none shaH be con- 
demned without trial, and that justice shall neither 
be denied nor deferred. Such was the case in 
the present instance. Day after day, and week 
after week, passed away, during which the. poison 
of prejudice, the rancour of malice, and all the 
evils of misconception and misrepresentation 'were 
busily at work with the character and comforts of 
her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales. Six- 
teen weeks, wanting one short day, were suffered 
to pass over ere this afflicted, this maligned, this 
grossly persecuted Princess received an assurance 
from his Majesty, that he would again restore her 
to his royal presence and favour: for that she had 
been falsely accused by her adversaries ! I know 
his*late Majesty could have no design in this crdel 
delay of justice*— I am ecjually confident, that the 
Commissioners, who sat in judgment on this unfor- 
tunate Princess, could have no base purpose to 
answer by it ; but, surely, it will not, it must not 
be denied that blame attached somewhere. Per- 
haps the period is not yet arrived when the histo- 
rian may fearlessly express his convictions on this 
subject ; but the fact itself shall be recorded, that 
an innocent female, of the highest rank in the 
nation, deserted, abandoned, and forsaken of her 
husband, had been surrounded by infamous spies — • 
that her conduct had been watched with all the 
narrowness and vigilance of the utmost scropu; 

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840 

kmtjfw-thal her honour had boeo infadod bj tlloae 
wboM doty it wmi to have prottcteil it— that her' 
V0ry life had been soaght by a preteaded frieacl 
and e0iii|Minioa--<by a neighboar frhoan she bad 
bonorired with her IftTOur aad her ooafidence— -by 
a female ef supposed good charaeter, and of bnowa 
bifUy respeetable eonneetioiM^--*tbat this persecated 
Pmoess had her eeadoct rigidly iovestigtiled dur^ 
ing ber abeenee*— and! that she, notwithstaoding, 
eame forth from that inTestigation free from every 
ehapge of gntlt — and that yet she was punished by 
months of ddny ere the sentence of exculpation wae 
annovnced to her ! Posterity wiU, most assuredly, 
regard these proceedings with feelings of the utmost 
abhorrence ; and- witi not fail te^ express those feel- 
iags in terms mueh too strong for the present day. 

. Ob the 29th of January, her Royal Highness 
agairn wrote to his Majesty, aeknowledgfing the 
receipt ef his message, and intimating her design 
to wait upon Ibe King on the fbllawing Monday, 
at Windaor; and on the- same day hi» Majest|f 
veplied to her, that, wishing not to pot her to the 
inconTeoience of trnvelling so far immediately after 
her iMness-— for she had then bat just recovered 
from the measles— he would prefer receiving* her 
ib London) upon a diay subsequent to the ensuing 
week, wbieb would better suit his Majesty, and of 
which he would not fail to appriaie the Princem. 

• Here wae another vexatious delay: for it was D<»t 
tUl'the lOlh of the ensuing month that she heard 
Miy thing farther from his Majesty $ and then she 



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Ml 

had the mortificaiioD t# raceiTe • letter^ mfomia^ 
her, ihntf m abe might have been fed U> eapeety 
frDon the King's letter ta her, that he weoM fix an 
early day ibr seeing^ her^ bie Majeaty tliQiigiht ilk 
v^bt to acqoaint her» that the Prinee oi Waba^ 
upon ceceivMig tbe acteraL decowmti^ whicb dfta 
King dhnectad bia cabiaet to tnasmt to htaif flMN^a 
a fiurinal cooMnankalion of hia iatentioa t0 pai 
tbemiato the haadaof bit farayen; acieonipaDfed 
by a reqneat, that hia Mi^esty would suspeadany 
iartber stepa in the bosiaeitoy UDtil tbe Prkite of 
Walea shoald be enabled to submit to biai .tha 
statemeat which he piK>po6ed to make. Tbe Kiag^ 
tbenefore, eeosidered it incnad>ent upoot bin to 
defer aamiog a day to the Prioeeai of Wales^ until 
the farther retoit of the Princa!s intentwa ahoidd 
have been made kaowB ta bim» 

It is. hardly pesstble \t> coaeeive aoj^ thing aiora 
truly distressing and provoking that this uaaxpeot** 
ed daterminafioQ of his Majesty stilt to postpone 
racetviiig bis iajored and innocent daoghtei>in4air9. 
merely beeause ber ofieoded busbandv at wtieae 
iastance the iuTestigation had taken place, tboag^k 
it rigibl to intimate an intentioa of still fMrtbev 
ioquify. Well, indeedw might ber Royal ttigb^ 
nesa complain, that after having safieredthe pmnsIlN 
meiMt of banidimeat from, bis Miqesty** praaence 
for aevea months^ pending aa inquiry wbieb ha 
bad.directed into her conduct, afEecting bath bee 
K& and honour; — alker that inquiry bad at langtk 
terminated in tbe adrice of «hist]!iaje8tj*s.ooafida»>» 



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S42 

tiat and sworn serrante, that there was no longer 
any reason for his Majesty's declining to receive 
her ; — if, after a communication, which led her to 
rest assured that he would appoint au early day to 
receive her ; — ^if, after all this, by a renewed appli* 
catioii on the part of the Prince of Wales^^opon 
whose coihmunication the first inquiry had .been 
directed, she still found, that that punishment 
which had been inflicted pending a seven months* 
inquiry before the determination should, contrary 
to the opinion ef the Commissioners, be continued 
after that determination, to await the result of 
some new proceeding, to be suggested by the law- 
yers of the Prince of Wales, it was impossible that 
her Royal Highness should regard herself in any 
other light than that of an innocent and greatly 
injured woman. And she did so consider and so 
express herself to the King in very strong and 
powerful language. 

On the 16th of February, 1807, her Royal 
Highness addressed another very long letter to 
the King, in which she recapitulates many of the 
arguments and statements of her former communi- 
cations ; and representing the various grounds on 
which she felt the hardship of her case ; a review 
ef which she confidently hoped would dispose his 
Majesty to recal his determination to adjourn, to 
an indefinite period, her reception into his royal 
presence. Her Royal Highness most dutifully 
and (most distinctly acquits hir Majesty of every 
wish on his part to act unkindly or unjustly towards 



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343 

her; attributing the delay, and the many cftiel 
circamstances which had attended tlie whole of the 
proceedings against her, as well as the unsatisfac- 
factory utate in which they were left, to those only 
under whose advice his Majesty bad deemed it his 
duty to act. She never could believe, that the 
cruel state of anxiety, in which she had been kept, 
ever sim^e the delivery of her answer (for at least 
sixteen weeks) could be at ail attributable to his 
Majesty ; it was most unlike every thing which she 
had ever experienced from him. It was to his 
Majesty's confidential servants, and to them only, 
that she owed the, protracted continuance of her 
sufferings and her disgrace. 

Sueh had always been her sentiments and 
feelings towards the King; but what must hare 
been her surpriue, mortification, and disappoint^ 
went on the receipt of his Majesty's letter of the 
lOtb, in which she is apprized, as the reader has 
already been informed, that the last grand cause of 
delay in the performance of the King's promise 
again to receive her at court, was to be found in 
the interference of her husband^ the Prince of 
Wales ! ** Your Majesty," says she, *^ I am con- 
vinced, must have been surprised at the time, and 
prevailed upon hj the importunity of the Prince df 
Wales to think this determination necessary, or 
your Majesty's generosity and justice, would never 
hate adopted.it. And if I can satisfy your Ma- 
jesty; of the unparalleled injustice and cruelty of 
this interposition of the Prince of 'Wales, at such 



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344 

• time, ud under i^uch circwnstvicevv I feelibe 
most perfect confidance that yo»r Majerty wiU 
hasten to recai it. I ihould/' ctntinue^ thi^s iniiM^. 
Princess, ** basely be wanting to my own iaterwt 
and feelings, if I did not plainly state my sense of 
that injustice and cruelty j and if I did: not most 
loudly complain of it" 

This is the first instance we have met with in-, 
which her Royal Highness thus strongly expresses 
her sense of any actual cruelty in the conduct of 
his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. And 
it must be confessedt that she does not now com- 
piaifi without some apparent cause, that she w/is 
not fairly dealt by. It had been the opinion of bis 
Majesty's Gommi^sionars, that the painful situation « 
in which his Royal Highnesa)had been placed by., 
the communications which Lady Pouglas apd othfis 
had made to him^ bad left him no other poorso t9 ' 
pursue, than that which was ultimately adopts 
£!very sentirneut qf duty to the King, and of 00^7 < 
cern for the public welfare, required, in their jqdtf? ; 
ment, that those particulars sboqid not bo witM^^ld j 
from hi9 JM^ji^ty. 

The Prince of Wales, therefore, bad i^eadjr^ i|i 
tb() judgment of hi^Miyesty^s serf ante, resort^ 
to the ope line only which could be pursued:-^ 
% formal c^mmifsioo had bc^tfi appointed7-«th«^, ,,, 
fom^uission had sat in solemn judgmeqt on 4hf; '^ 
coaduct of her Royal Highness— they had formi^U; w 
delivered their verdict of iM^iuittal^ of cri^aet H 
though they thought proper to accompany ' tl^tt u 



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345 

verdid; >y o(>H^virfi(MM on Mtne parte ef ih^ 
PriDOota'a conduct whieh Ihejr ihougbt reprehen- 
sible — the King hud recriiVed timi jadgitient } and 
bad oonreyed it to thil aetes6d and aoquilled 
Priaatoi herfblf. If A j ) furtfaetr; tboae CdnMkiift- 
nentra hiA reported to tlMk royal nlaster that there 
ivae tto loDgbr ai|y reaeott why be sbouki decline . 
rMeitmg h^ Biayal Highneii iat« hi^ preDence 
aod'fiiirottr; The King fcitMelf had eonveyed id 
iMrr tbia pteanng inteUigence ^ and gtt^n her 
diMiaetty to dtidtntand» tbttt an early day sfaoold 
be fiaad upM for the aMovipli$bfnont mS thie gf a^ 
eieaa. parpose^ Wellf iadeed, therefore^ might 
it.OMAA the antoniafainent tind indignation el" th« 
Friacete to find hopes ao exoited» aad daiaw eo 
veU*fon0ded| stMklenly attaniptad to be csmpletelj 
bafll^, withoat any a«v charge haTing been ad-^ 
daead against har^ 

The jadgcneat of the Kiiig^s cctnfidantial eerranta 
had, in some degree, been appoaled froai by th«f 
Princo of Wales^ wkam; from thai timeat leUsi* bee 
Aoyttl Higba^sa could not consider in any other 
li|^ tha» SB her atfciMer. The josliee doe ta bdr 
waa lk> be sospended^ while the jadgmant ^ hw 
M^^ast^'s sworn servants was to be Sttbinitled t6^ 
Che nmmoti of her aeeaser'a oMJAsei j and fhough' 
acquitted, in the opinion of her jodgies^ of dtl ttmt 
shMild induce the Kift|^ lo daeKte sasing her, die 
vos to" hsrve that pmiishiiieiift^ whiob had baon la^ 
filled open her dating tbe impiiryt ooMnmod itSut 
Ikut doquillal, tiU a Ireab ststemeMi wm prqfMfMi^ 
16. 2% 



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340 

to be ngmm Mbmitted, for mu^ht she knew, to mifcoL 
their inqnirj, of as extended a contimianceaaJibmt 
which had just terminated. - in 

Could it be said, she asked, that the proeeedtnga 
cyf the four nobie lords, or his Majesty's cofifidbmtttll 
servants, had been so lenient 'and considerate toL 
wards her, and her feelings, as (o indwee 'Atsvafrfi* 
cion that she had been too favourably dealt witlrby 
them ; or, that the adrice which had been girea 
to his Majesty, that he need no longer decline ti> 
receive her, was hastily and partially delivered? 
The contrary to all this she felt confident was the 
fact. The -whole character of the observations 
which accompanied the advice to his Majeiity 
marked the reluctance with which that advice was 
given. That the sentiments of his Majesty*s con- 
fidential servants as to the guilt or innocence of tAe^ 
Royal Highness, also as to the propriety and jmtkt 
of the advice which had been given to the Kin^,'Al> 
longer to delay the receiving of the 'Prittc^^'fit 
court, had not undergone any change, was evMlMil 
Aram the fact of their being forwaid to state,^ tbWt 
after having read her dbservatVoffs on the B^MiK, 
and the affidavits which irert'anttesiedtO'^tlktti, 
iliey perfectly agreed in the opitiioiis whtdh ^^ifirb 
submitted to his Majesty in t4)e original Rb|^oft<Uf 
the foiiff noble lords. ^ '^i*^ 

I. To. whatever light this unfortunate Princ^ ttaiitt 
view this measure, ihere did not- ap^eW to i^il ^ 
sligbteyt ground for sufposing that an^ ha«ty7'|Jr^. 
xdpltate, or partial ckternl^imiibif iri h^r!fiiV(rtfi^1iMI 

• 7 .' 



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347 

trnkmit place ; and it was inip^Mwible to.iuter|)r6lrt|i0 
auudmt and kbe reasons togelber 6f bi» Maje«^y!(i 
miniatera in any otherwtae ihaii an aoKHintitf^iito 
JH|ii«dfBittiQirdf 4be Aiiauiteni tbaoMeltfea^ 'that her 
iUyal fHiglmaM^iaf), in^conse^Mmse of tbair m'tthr 
boldtn^ Ibair aihrkt, evan forva Biiigle momeMt 
after tbe date of tbe original Report itself^ been 
naneoeBaartly and craeUy banished from the King^s 
l^aenoe. frofoi the 14ib of Jtdy» the date of the 
B<^rt jiUaded to, to tbe 28tb of January, including 
a Sfi^ee of six months ; and tbe effiad of the inter- 
fMNHtioo of tbe Prince was to prolong her aalbrings 
aod^lmr dii^race, under tbe skme baaisbiiiant, to a 
period perfectly indefinite. 

. , The principle whkb would adoait the effect of 

qMojb an interposition at that time, might, it was 

v^rjr J94}y argued, be acted upon again ; and tbe 

Ffince might require a further prolongation, upon 

fl^sb atatements and fresh charges, kept bnc4c, 

ipoadimy, for the purpose -of being, from time to 

Jtiqie^ couYeniently interposed to prevent for ever 

jtl)^ arrival of that hour, which, displaying to the 

Yi(oj^theaG^nowledgment of unmerited sufferingH 

jhh)* dingraee^ might* at the same time, expose tbe 

fffma^9 malieiojos, and ui^ust quality of tbe proceed- 

«|pglt which l^d been so long carried on agatmfeher. 

Seeing that bis Majesty bad heen induced; cam- 

^fg^y to his own gracious purpose, and the advice 

rfff^ l^ip .fiBrvants^ to fecal, to ber prejudice^ the^e- 

t^mii nation be had fornpted, and that upon 4he 

^4(0f«(^wn«d>le,. unjust^ and- cruel interposition Hof :|he 

2 X 2 



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PriiiM of W«l«ft^ h» SUyal HtghiiMa liop«i lUt 
sike dlM not iatler ketMlf to» mbcli whan aba Jilt 
tiMUfttil <tbat her ^/mI ^nirMtjr, ibnadefi vipom tbt 
rMMOfM whiok abe «fgf«4> tod dkectcfL to >imni»^ 
tend ool^y the eflhet ef that mmjusi inlerposilipii, 
w4Mdii indoca the King to return to hie oriflnnl 
deteeminatioii. 

'BestoBed, however, as the ahoald fitel bareelfr to' 
a gtate of comparative seeoiity as well ae credit, hy 
b^Dg at length to have access ta bb Majesty, yet< 
under all the eironaistanoes with which she sh ef ^i d- 
then Mceive that mark and cnnirmaiien tef hie. 
Majesty's opinion of her.inttocence, herehanMev 
would not, she feared, stand clear in the poblie 
opiDton by the mere faot of his Majeety^sn^ceptioii 
of her. The revocation of the King's einginal 
purpose had flung fin additional eload .^bout the 
whole proceeding, and had tended very greatly to 
tpake such an impression to her prejudice al^^scapcely 
any thiag short of a public exposure of all thafehad 
pushed coold posaibly efface. 

Thus goaded and harassed, notbiag short «of the 
publioation to the world of att the proceediogs iqp- 
peared to her sieoessary to vindicate her honixir and 
character. '' The faisebood," said she, «' Df the 
aocasatton is by no means aU that will, by siieh 
pobKcaiion, appear to the credit and clenrttnce.of 
my character ; but the course in which the wfeele 
prdcetdings have been carried on, or rather de- 
leyed, by those to whom your Majesty vefeMhed th^ 
' ^^wideration of 4heaa, will show, that ;wh«tefev 



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MiftMiRi of jmtiet t wtmf teva oMtiAtify momimiI 

tmnmnj waraliil mod rodoigetit cdDtfcioi!»ltw,i<| 
ilie( orof nfi-f^iiifSy or of itay oaie«^. k:. .^p 

It W0«kl that^ bo Mwi ti^w hei-f otijugi M bojip 
^kolfflMd, iiitf lMr:(BhoTO(^rftoil''MoM«r'O«|»Of0(ll 
by the Mojo wbfcfe hod tofcoo (il^oOi Jt loonM M 
flOOQtfaot tfa« o&titono* of tbo Aupge ftff/BimMhm 
hod boon orovodljr mado bnowo to tbo pobKo ffdm 
tho 71b of JvMem tbe prooediog yoor* Hor Boyol 
JBKffhneiv boro oUodes to^tbot «« oonooosiOiy msHH 
and ootmg^" :«ipM .h«o, tbo ioodiog two ottoMMi 
araiMid wilb thoir tofdriripi^ .i»amiDt» to ber botoio^ lo 
briog boforetbooi, at oneo^ about half of hmr boutei 
bold for oxatttioitNwJ After m meamro of tbio nm* 
tare, tbo idea of prjjvaoy w^aa iinpotaib'le aod ab« 
aofd } for an attempt at eooreoy aod oonoealmeot 
on hor part ooold, oadoe mob eiroaoiotaoooa, only 
b«oo been topitroed into tbotfoarfQlooas of goilt* 

Tbo pofaKeatioti of tbo. proootdiiigs wootd not 
only expoao to the world who! uoooooasiary aod 
voxatioos didaya aho bad boon made, to mfibr^ boO 
to what tbeae doloya wore oindng, aod bow tbo 
ILiog^a sorvaoto badi io this iaoportwt * btiaiaMii^ 
treated hta Majo«ty*s doagbtor-to-biw« thoiReioooai 
of Wales; and oibat measare of jaatioo aho,F s 
i foBUite, a ttraagor in the iaod, bad ox|porioooi4d at 
tbeh* bandsi 

I. gnch was the diagvocefnl dovojopoioot to vbkb 

her Royal Higbooei ap()eavfd to be dnv^en; apfo-* 

'Coediag>rhowo¥er^ to wbioh abe felt an 'id^omblo 



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ItfO 

repiigiwiiee. Bfwjr sentimeDt'df ddicMy wiiii 
1»KM|/a feinidbwiiid must shriak f lum tke act of 
kriaging before the pdbiio sooh charged, bowai^r 
^oniciddfl of their M^andal and falsity, audi %ome^er 
ehmrt^ that 99^91^1 and faliity might Ue amufefleA 
by. the ati0iwr t6 those ehargee ;•— the respects ^rtitt 
4*e from h«r Royal Highnesn te persons tm^f^frnk 
iO authority under his Majesty ;->-her doty to hie 
Koyal Higimess the Prince of Wales ;*— her esteem, 
her dbty, her gratitude to the King ;-^er aoxiety 
Hot only to avoid the risk of giving oflSence or dis- 
Measure to htm, hot also to fly from every occasion 
of creating die slightest sentiment of uneasiness in 
his Majesty's mind, whose happiness she declared 
it. would be the pride and plea3ure of her life toi 
consult and promote, ail compelled her to subnut* 
aekmg as human forbearance could endure, to aU 
the uafavourable inferences which were, through 
this delay, daily increasing in the puhlic mittd. 
For the strength and efficacy of these motives b^r 
Boyal Highness appealed to the time daring whifch 
she had been contented tosoffar those suspioiom.'to 
eaiflt against her innocenoe, which lube hring^tng? 
before the public of her accusations, and her A^. 
fence of iw would so indisputably and .immediatdy. 
Mave^iKspelled. . . . < /s 

; .The4UeasuDe,kowever, of making theiiepnilce#4)r. 
iBgftfQbKc, was evidently surrounded wilh somyaetfj 
dlfl^Mltiaswui objections, ihatiKithing coaU have 
^^vailed upon her Royal Highness to adopt it.bit 
an imperioas sense of indispensable duty to het 



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961 

fbtore sftfety, to her present cbtracier imAJbanOfir^ 
Md to the feeiing^^ the rntareH^ toA tbe.)chaifiMMR 
ofi-faer diild, the yoong^ PriDcetti Ohtrbtfe. , ^>nnf I 
Hot. lUyal Highoees hnA flfttterdl hamMfiotlM^ 
#hBB onoe tfads dt«f racefiil prooe^ing bud Uvmki 
Elated iD her receptioo at coi]rt» iwdto tb^iMtNMiffl 
Aod fmwar ef the Kiog, thAt oircamlilice ^MMk 
wcmU have been rafficieot toihave remqyedeijp^iVi 
ftain from her reputation^ iind have boon perfeetl|f 
eoflfeient for the protection of her bonoor aqdcbafi 
racsler ; bdt when it waa kao^iva that ibia deplaratioQ 
pf ber iniiooence had been so lon^ delayie^ j , aa4 
vheo it -came accompaaied with a sprl of besitatton^, 
from hia Ma^ty, her RojMd HigboMs aatiirajly felK 
h^raelf in a situation in which dm cooldl nut pcwublyf 
aaalr. in rilence, witfanot ao immediate, recefitmi) 
it^a his Majesty *8 presence ; nor, ind^d^ widiifch^il 
vkceftmtf unless it were attended by other id^cum^ 
slamees which wootd mark her satisfactory ae<|Qitlish 
of lliefeharg:es which had been brought agaiot4» hef) 
. 6he resdked that at no time it should lie isaidil 
witii truth, that she had sbruakback from tlMff M^. 
famous charges: that Ae had crouched bofore ibwi< 
eodmies^ hnd bad comrted them, J>y bte f i:^iMi0aft( 
inUasodtmtioav ""NoJ'- sheaxdattm^d^ ''^IhM^i 
ever boldly defied them ; 1 have ever ielt^* add #liUi 
l^l^that iStiifiy should think eidiec.jof >piini(ll&g 
tllMa iaocoisAidns,»«rof ibrmgiag foe«a!r^»i|iiQfk(f tj^t 
wliidhiJiiit.wiirkediKasdif ijidnrtdaida kmg^iiilfmffm 
atfi0ct/ a^y hoivoar^ .(lunfce imy^tmKim^ ittllMvmi^ 
«lnd (they^finost^ibcui^^ <hiae md^aaig^ M. 



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96% 

t<i-didii W 0Pa1 W »f'iby«l ui ia«il f fedl liHag'/ 
I sboald'ite i«M^H» «4tdv«i«lMiB'4H^ Mld^ iHk** 
#fdi^ amf'i^^mMtin, ii»#litttplii •lbr4Knr 
#takefa«ii' aa4< nawKve, Bo* shotfld llM»<«c0wi»t' 
timw bv vtMUF^r wr «ny other b« bvMffct ftMi^iffi 
m ttMy ftiMirwi«liM, 4Mtk fliajr, I kwtwmtn: htm 
<(K>ti; t wn ww ftoM my iMiMMaMi it* beat ■ uiorti f i - 
««td d«ptif«->in* df tiM oMMf o# «iy jtMlitiMMNif 
and mf d«iMMW." 

tlieMi <«ertot« ttft^ flMUnwntoiw 4>iw>iide iati iw > 
ifidttced k«r Royal Higfimete- aanwirty M »(»pM8l^ 
ab ifldisj^Miabie to bar (MMNfpy and kMNar, 'ftif 
^iieularly that alt tba f9uet^dingtt% imfiadi»^Aiefi 
PinAvm I«ttera M Ms Maj«ely, akmM bo sftt ^rax 
MVMd aad dapdsilad, as tbai they ttig4itf-*Hi«l 
ib«ai ramaiit -portnaflent, aaibMrti« daaodieMtv abi ' 
nMinorkt#af tl|(8 aecaMtion> and of tha- auaUm r'Ht 
Wbicb abe.iDH it ) <if iter dufanotv m <iMM M^«<i«llB 
«barg«< That they might mourn eapaMa-at «ny 
tbn»of bawf veaarladto,. ilthaMnlitwatbicb f»»- 
daead-tbe. chaifci ungmaity ahonld avAr.aMtbMttt 
MateW lC» • .»;•.■.'. 

. Bayond tMt, her Rayat S^^faaaaB laapaaafaNy 
4tuwkd!cdr Ibu aha iboold ^ imtaitJi 4b awiry 
te^peei to. the taoia aituation Iroae adbob Iha fira* 
<tB0dingB» vodar the fake ahavgai^ bad 4NnkQ*adl ' 
bar^ Tb8t,.facsideabauigi|rt«dmiifyMaannBd brtb 
ttae hi Mw i i -of tfas aajiaft ftinalyv idiUiani l< ihiir 
IhMtar sttthw and nwpeot.>aa«Hg»|.i tbauj Ida 
M i j il j woatrf ba «nwMa% {dcMid 



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363 

ezeit tmt ittftttMCe with bis Royal Highness, the 
Prince of WnleSt .that she might be restored to the 
osO'DC her apainnMDt in Carlton House, whkliwa^ i 
vaaer?)ed.for her, e;icept while the apartments. were 
andargging repair, till, the date of those .pro;-v« 
ceadmga ; or, to as^goto her. some- afiartuaents 
lu . one . of his Majesty's royal palaces. Soqae - 
apartment in or near London was; indispensably 
oeceaaary; .for her convenient, attendance at the 
ffauwiog-room. Should she, however* not be re« 
stared to Carlton House, she trusted . the King 
would perceive bow reasonable wi^s the request that 
some apagrtment should be. assigned to her, suited 
to berrdigoity and situislionj and i which might 
mark her rweption and : acknowledgment, as one 
of bis Majesty's family, and from which her at- 
teodanee at the drawing-room might be ea^sy and 
coBveoienL 

Should these measures be taken, and these re* 
^MMrta granted, her Royal Highness had reason to 
kopcf that fsvery thing had been done to restore her 
perfei^jr to the pablic estimation ; but, so urgent 
were they, that unless they should be complied with 
in otte week from the day on which they were 
made, which WMild make more than a month from 
the -lime when his Majesty had assured her he 
WQoM '.receive her, she would consider them as 
reftised} in-which ease she would feel herself com* 
peUed to publish the whole of the proceedings ; 
aiiks8,jiMleed, the King could suggest some other 
adaqiwite meamh of secnring her honour, and. her ' 

16 2t 

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lif^» fiwn tha #tfe«^ of the ooiitlnliiilMi^ or rM€^Mit» 
of fhme proMUdMfigB^ fer the fatuM ft» ^dtt ti^tibd 

I!ffel79cflf« 

K%tt, tbut it wa^olity ki tke a1»|l^tice c^ ^ Mb«r 
ilAdqiiate tiietiili, that «he coldrf: teiort to ibm nm^ 
mrift $ that she conikidered it wMi ^leep regret, that 
fbt regarded it #itk seridis a^pprehention ; br )M^ 
aftean*: so much on acoanht of the etket it night 
hate ttp6ii hers^f, m on acoount of the f>aHi which 
\t tMghl gfive t6 hi6 Majesty, hit aoffiMt femljr, aad 
Ms loyal imhjectfl^. 

As far as she herself was ^otie^ffiedt she was 
a«rere o# the observations to which such a pnbli- 
dMioii would eXf>ose her ; but, uiiftirtvMiatoly, eha 
was ptaced iti saeh a situatioA us to haTe the choice 
euiy of two otif)leasaM ait^fnuitives} aadehe^was 
perfectly confident, that the imputations, and ^ 
kiss of character, which most, under these eifciiin- 
stances, fellow from her silence, would be iii#it 
tnjarious and onaToidable ; and that, in Aiot, bet 
sitsnee would iuevitably lead t» her uller infatty 
eivd min/ 

On the other hand, the publicatfoti wo«M espoiie 
t& the wotid nething which was spoken to by ai^ 
wtitams {whose iafsmy and discredit were^i^t un* 
ftnawctably exposed and estsibiithed,) wliit^h could, 
in the sKghtest d^ree, aifeet her churaoter fsr 
huttour, Wrtue, and detteacy. 

'tbete Ufiigfit be direumstaaces diactosed, wmm- 
festAig a degvee o^ coiidlMteiitfiisn aiMl' faitrililtfriCy 



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9«» 

in her belMivicmr.aiHli ooodiMt* ^kwK i» tbe q|^ jqai 
of iMajTy m^gr'^i be eoiwdered na iH>t fttflSicieDtly 
guarded, digmfied, and reMrved. Cireiimatancosi 
however, which her foreign edu^elioii itnd forego 
btbite, mttled her to ihink* in Mie humble and .re<^ 
tif«d ailttatioa m which it wa« her fate to live, and 
vbere ahe had tto relatioii, no equal, no friend t9 
irfviae her, ware wholly free firom oCence, Bt^% 
wheft they had been dragged forward, from the 
acmca of priwale life, ifi a grave proeeeding on a 
okarg^ of high treason and adiillery, they seemed 
to derive a coloar and character froip the natare of 
the charge they were brought forward to #iipporl« 
Bvery thing, indeed,, gave her Royal HigbneN 
reaaoA to believe that thoise faniiliar hafaita had been 
baMght forward Jor no other purpose than to afford 
• cover to screen from view the injaitice of that 
ehatge ; that they had been taken advantage of to 
lot down her accusers more gently, and to deprive 
beor of ttiat lull acquittal, on the Report of the four 
lordfli which her innocence of all offence most justly 
OttftMled her to i^eceive* 

Nothing can be more dear than this, that wbal> 
over opinion may bo formed upon any part of the 
eondact of h#f Royal Highnesa, ought in justico to 
bo formed with reference to the situation in which 
mh^ waa pUksed : if as Princess of Wales ahe wa^ Co 
te ju6ge4^ it should foe with reference to the high 
rmk of that station, banished ftom the Prince^ uA- 

fM^tton ; abd if bIm «h«iil<l ^ judged of in hev \it\- 

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a56 

vate character as a oolarri^d womab, she oaght to he 
jndgedl of as a' wife banished from her husband^o^ 
llvirfig^ iA a widowed s'echision from him abdreii^ci- 
ihent from the world. ^ 
This consideration naturally leads ohe to fedil'M 
recoHectton the statement of Mis. Lisle, who gfa^e 
it as her opinion, that the condact of her BiayiA 
Highness towards Gapt. Manby was not pl*eoisely 
that line of proceeding which became a married 
woman.' The extreme injustice, in a case like that 
of her Royal Highness's, of setting up the opinion 
of one woman, as it werb, in judgment on the con- 
duct of another, the letter and defence of her Royal 
Highness, given in the preceding chapter, has 
made sufficiently manifest ; where, also, S9tts showR 
the great impropriety of estimating the eondu«to|fL 
person in her unfortunate situation, by reference^llo 
that, which might in general be expected fVoAi a 
married woman, living happily with her husl^nd.' 
But beyond these general remarks, in forming any 
. estimate of the conduct of the Princess of Wales, 
the very peculiar circumstances and misfortunes of 
her situation ought not to be lost sight of. She had 
not, as she reminded his Majesty, been much above 
a year in this country when she received the letter 
already laid before the reader,* from the Prince 
her husband, informing her of his reasons for deter- 
mining on a separation. The date of that letter, 
' the reader wilt observe, is the dOth of April 1796, 
'<-L:- : : 

* See pages 118, and 1 19. 

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tbe ^te of her marriage with the Prince is the 8th 
of April 1795, and that of the birth of their ooiy 
chiU the 7tb of Janoary 1796, Her Royal High- 
oeasy when she reminded the Kin^ of the^e factsi 
which .she' did^ ffbows her very correct sense of the 
distinokions and grounds of moral obligation, and 
of the re/qnired, and. ondeviating necessity of a 
atoriqt lioe of parity and virtae. She entreated bis 
Majesty' not to understand that she made those 
allusions to the Prince's conduct towards her, as 
affording any supposed jastification or excuse for 
the least departure from the strictest line of virtue, 
or the slightest deviation from the most refined 
delicacy. ** The crime," says she, ** which has been 
insinuated against me, would be equally criminal 
a|^ ^testable ; the indelicacy imputed to me would 
he equally, odious and abominable, whatever renun- 
ciatioB of 'Conjugal authority, and protection the 
letter of his Royal Highness might, in any con* 
stroction of it, be supposed to have conveyed. 
Such crimes, and such faults, derive not their guilt 
from the consideration of the conjugal virtues of 
the- individual who may be the most injnred by 
them, .however s.Qdi virtues may aggravate their 
enormity «•' 

Silch'.were the sentiments, of her late Ma- 
jest)^ oo the doties' imposed upon a woman by the 
conjugal' obligation. They reflect infinite honour 
on btv Jieart and her judgment. But it does 
not,. therefore, follow, that conduct, not so rigidly 
measured as a cautious wife, careful to avoid 



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fbe djgiitest app^iiraMe ^f not pvtferriog btr 
baibMd Uf, ftU the'm>rtdt tv^oold abaerv^^ ^Il^ald 
be 4eeBi#d a criine in apormn- skAftted m ^bw 
JMajadtjT li^w ffras. Surely 0o«i«« Mid ymy.gfw% 
fttiowftDce ongfbt (o be mmde for • .mtiMioa m 
iMBgahirly di^te^mg. The oopdoofc ;wbicb d^oi 
4ir do#8 AM beco«M a mamed woman, as hor 
Royal Highnest benelf very compiiy reasopod^ 
jmiterially dopeqdB upon wbat is or is not known 
by ber to.be agraeabla to ber husband. Ui« pl^a^ 
-sure and bappina» pnght unquestionably to be bar 
law, and bis approbation tbe moat favourite object 
of her pursuit. Different characters of men require 
different modes of conduct intbetr wives ; but when 
a wife can no longer be capable of peroeiving^ fcom 
time to time^ wbat is agnaeabk or offbwivc 4o h«(r 
boaband, when her oonduct can no longer «onjtii* 
bute to his liappioess, no longer hopeio be rewai4ed 
by his approbation^ sorely to examine that conditot 
by the. standard of what ougbt^ in geoer^» M^ bo 
tiia conduct of a married woman, is alfeog^abher uih- 
reasooable and unjust. 

What then was tbe ease of ber Royal tt^Mi^ 
the Prinoesii of Wales ? The Prince did «ol, isl tbe 
letter above alluded to, throw ont the ntQStdflatwt 
sormisot that crime,, that vice, that indelicacy of 
any description gave occasion to bis 4e(frminatton ; 
.ackd all the tales of infemy and discredit* ifbicbtbo 
inventive malice of ber enemies had brougM. fof^ 
jw^rfl .09 those charges, had their data yftm Aod 
iyeacfft after diat .determination bad b^M formoBd^r 



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8«e 

T«ro yrara had acarcalj^ Mflpsdd^ from the tim^ 

wils imtiMly deprive of» the "Mpport, 'tb«'««ltonl(^ 
iMMiee^ anfd th» pMiMtion •of her'liMbaiid. ^^wab 
%iimBh«d, as ft ni^re^'itito a sort of kifmbfe'^rMlM*. 
Meal, kt m dktaiM«» ftom him^iiiidalaNwt «dtt<Mg«d 
firtm the wbote of Ibe royal famHy. 8he^Md M 
aaeaM of hating recoBfne, «ith%r for aociety br a^ 
vloe,* to Ihoae from whom her inaxfio^ieiioe moM 
hare best received the advantag^ea af the oae^ a&fl 
wtth whom she oould most heeoiAifigljr have eajoyed 
tha comloKIs of the other ; aiid, it, in tins retired, 
itaassisted, and aa(H*otected atate^ witUoat the check 
ef a haabaod's aiitbarity, without the benefit af hia 
adriooy without the comfort aad rapport ^f the 
aaleiely ef his family, a stmnger to the habits aod 
Anahions of the coantryi she had» in any itistance, 
ooder the iafiiieiice of fbreigo habUa aad forofgfQ 
edacaticm, observed aeondvet ia aoy degree de^iat^ 
aag fivm the reaer? e and severity of Ehritish man- 
aersy and partaking ef a coodeaaension and feint- 
liwity, which tiiat reserve and aeverity wecdd, 
peHmps, deem beneath the d^fnity of her exaltod 
taoki it were eatreaaely oroei to brand her R^yal 
Highness with erimea of whieb ahe^ neverthel^, 
ws» mot guilty. 

It is worth Mmaakingi that the yaper transmitted 
to bar fioyal HigbMSB by the LonkOimoceldf tto 
the afltbof January, 1907, 4iad neither tflfe, date, 
aignatflwe nar atteatation ; and had not hiar^o^dibip 
aocompamed^ it hy st note, stating theft it #a^ copM 



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aoo 

by bis own haod from the original, wbicb he had 
received from the King, her Royal Highness could 
not. have discovered a. single mark of its authen- 
ticity ; and, indeed, as she did receive it, she ex- 
pressed herself wholly unable to discov:er what was 
the true character which did rjeally belong to it. It 
contained, indeed, the advice which his Majesty's 
ministers had given, and the message which, ac- 
cording to that advice, his Majesty, had directed to 
be given to her Royal Highness. 

GoQsiderihg it, therefore, wholly as the act of the 
Ring's servaints, the; Princess of Wales, deeply 
jnjured as she felt herself to have been by them, 
expressed. herself with becoming freedom ocmcern- 
ing those servants. *' I may, perhaps,", saysuhe, 
** speak with warmth, because I am provoked by 
a sense. of gross injustice; 1 shall certainly speak 
with firmness and with courage, because I am em- 
.boldened by a sense of conscious innocence.!' 

.Her Royal Highness, accordingly, proceeds to 
animadvert on the conduct and proceedings of his 
, Majesty's ministers in a strain of powerful argu- 
mentation, mixed up, at timesi.with such a portion 
of censure and complaint, as such conduct and such 
. bungling proceedings justly merited. 

The reader will hardly need to be reminded, 

.that the four lords, Erskine, Spencer, Grenville, 

and Bllenborough, who, in 1806, were appointed to 

.sit in judgment on the. Princess's conduct, had, in 

1807, "been removed from their respective offices 

and places, with the exception, of course, of 4he 

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Lord Ghtef Jtrttiee feHtenborcnigii. LoM BrAhitf^ 
hid ^ir«ta filace «o tk6 f>tie9«nt ^dnl CA^ttSHt)!-, 
EMon '; Saii S)i€!lMi» «iu tHiAWitAf tb Mt^ Mom 
fo^ iMed ItuwkieiikiiMry, noW |!aH tof U^Wp6iA • 
tcuA iktt Bhit \mvA of the Adtnii«lty, er«iitiH6} W«b 
4ik|^eedt and sutece^ded by tMiA hiEatgrafe; It 
WMi Mil«eii^6n1^y, Of ttte iJMMJttcl of tbeM Q6bl6 
lofds, fn tbDJailtetkMi With the Ivst bf lliitt Majesty's 
taMMef8» llkat IWl- ftuyal Ht^hdeK liidit Ktadty 
<»>MpliliiM>d. Loi^ Etdott, akvd Mr. Peri^Tfal, Wfa<i 
darift^ th6 tMoiiitory whig niiDistt-y of 1806-7, hftd 
T)M1^Mly eiponlfed the datise of tbia injured PriHgeto, 
tfMUed suddenly to haVe ebtertaiiied Mntittl¥b(ii 
toMirrimg her lloyal Highn£M more fagrteaSfe to 
th« views and wi«hfe8 of the nriote of Wal«s tHitt 
to tho^e of eitbler « ahsolete whidoiti," or sbuiid 
juatice. it w«M riaioral, therefore, ttwt they iihdttld 
*' igree th the pinions of iiie four lofck." Thfe 
dmnge iA \mtAiMtii however, M)«tve dluded to, 
blUi not tak^n (ilaSe #heft her Itoyat Highness 
ftddt^eised the long letter to hi* MafMty, of #bidil 
kttf e btffb attefflptTn^ to ^IVe h fAitbftll abstraOti 
Sfk6 IMuiiettiai'ly dii^bt^d bei^ tomplttiiits to tiie 
(rtisUAg toinfst^i Whb igreeitog with ** Ab iatxi 
kfdft,'' hi tfa«if r^t>6K, thoiight j>ro|>^r tbaddfthtft 
they did this ltfte^thb ftdl^M aitiiideralibn of tlb^ 
ftoyttl tlf^hnfefM's db»«r¥iittoiMi abd of the ftffidliVit« 
Wbi«h Were affixed tb ibein. It M mot ihb {froViUisb 
of tile hiMbrt^n its ibdnlge in iiiiy ^beAt leil|;th of 
argbtneAtbiion on itie fabts it is hfo duty to notieb i 
but I i«ay be allowed to uppeal to the retfd^'* j«ri^- 
16. 2 z 

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m 

Vf)Mt)fiTMhM >i)«J.^kn /iair'tt$oa<UyMityied ihe 

fiimf^ ]tefcmf>.^Dd i^ieiMly laid at length befom 

MlO^PWi(lf^/f^^^)^l^^^*<npl^ evideACe to (nrov^iAbft 

Jt^fporr^4« iipoke without due ^eonsideratiotftf.^iid 

iA.^ai>AW(^of many mo^t eaaaoti^ partimlartk 

iwheoiAqthf^r Report to the Kingf thej^atadfddhat 

/^WriMiiapA.iCole, F^oy UoyA, Bobfirt.Qid^9«fid# 

,f|i^ Jffifs. LUIe,. are witnesaee w)|o caMt^tilut 

§i)9p^i:t^of.any onjfiivowabte bias/vaud '*whQ$a 

yeracjty id this ri^spiBct th^y had seen no .i^KOLwd 

to qaeiition ;'' and» " that the firouqifttaBceii. ta 

which they speak, particolarly as relatipg to CSgpt^ 

Maaby> must be ci;edite4 until rtb^y are decistv^^ 

cpntradioted !" Spreiy 4^is M^eyl^V mioiatera eoil|d 

.nQfc;ha^^ readf iwitb the alighteiit att^^iqm. the 

kittpr of her Boyal; Highness; nor have^mee ,eaat 

/t|i»eir. eyes o¥0t the affidavits of Capt^ Manby,^ 

mkom^B Itftwrence, Messrs. ^di»>ea4epi» Millag <^ 

JWfiH might her fioyal Higbuesaask; whether site 

If as to understand the King's .eonfid^^i^^ s^rvaiifs 

•MlUfiiin^ that they agreed with the four no^^lgs^ 

im.itheir opinioqs refpecting fiid^ood^ Coie«.i^ 

JAthen^ i After. having seen William Coh^ >pf oiwpl 

iftarhave' sabaoitttel iunuislf five timea at le^^t^^io 

^-fimt^ utiaoAhkn-i»d» Toluntaty esiaiyiinatipQ l^^ir 

.Jtqbit Doi]^laa*s solitaitcArt fortbe express purpof^jaf 

.i<fitofim|fiag the tftacement of I^edy J)oug)aA i(^^4i^t 

Ji4rtijr* (DoHglaSt'ilthpaa statement mid ^eirqsHwfi 

nl^y W4re eMvinecd t^jbeso»ali€;io)ia.wd ^f»f 

. (flMt tb«y jQven p'tffittsed tp iost^nl^ sfJ^l:h^prwW- 

.Hti«»»«giunstfasr« a|bisMa|estgr'3 M..c^<^f^jn)fitt 



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aiiviie, apoa ft Teferettce^ at iMgftbi 'After jf!r ftioiffMr 

dl6tb4itidii ol^ Otat malice iimliftils«tiO0d ftftetOm^^ 

lie <DMd»)-^After havitigr ms^ thM^WiHiftm^^Oli^, 

nlNiiitttrtg toMeh Mpefttad v«lQnMry«i{fMiifaaiiMVb 

i»tmhtL {Mirpoie; ami altbdugrh he nfd'aH'^tfftt 

iiMter&Mr¥a|}tin the Prtticess^d eMablidhtoMI,^ aWd- 

iotiog^lier broad, yet neveitiMce cotlm^fr}«M)ng! tb 

li^r-fbtft siieh''esaiiiinaticu9 were going d/i — >#«» 

abeto uaderstafid, that his' Mi^eity's confid^MM 

Mr¥iWM^|:FMd ^h the four lords in thinking;'ftet 

^ola^ doiild tootj nndei* such eircunistances, ''"S^ 

mpicted (tf" miJkvourMh^ IjOatrP^" That aftifit 

batiti^ pointed out lo^theiyr the dfVeet flat contj^^- 

4U^km^%twBibn the same Williattjf Cote and F&ntiy 

litoyd^iiikey nevertheless agreed to think thetli 

'bMh, (Ibotigfh^iif dkefet eontiradietvon to^eal^h ifttie^, 

ftt^ bdlh) <wltM«se«,^ ^* ^bose yeredty they saM^Hio 

groood ^ ^piefitfoii??' After Itaving seel)'- 'Flitt^y 

Iiloyd directly and fnositirei}; 'eDtltradi^uid, ^ an 

al«ertmn; most injurioas to her honout*, bf Mt.' 

IffiUiTafid^Mr. Edmtetfes, did-thiiy agreed kt «|riMeiv 

-^iMtbtbe-foar nobte4oM)s; that *^ Chl^ sa# n^grbiMd 

'^^MJQetflMit their faracity?" Aftar Ifevinf jry#d 

^ei^^iteef^ftlfoii' oit Mf^^BM^fc^^ entfenM^^flMr 

^Jft^Mg'^eeti tlMH^lpe liHd> thtf faaitUboodi to%«reiir« 

^fhM4ie belfered Capttfio Matfby slept i^/hto hduJe, 

^##^Sodtheiidii and ^ to^ insinuate' tkait* be .^pt ^ itii her 

'Vfed^rciimi ;- afterJmvmg^seeviythat faefoofided^biib^ 

WMi t!Mceitiifig ibb mmi sbemelese ftlsity; »W*d 

iaeff^lHa^k^A wieheiA^inimuattoir^upeiitheoKiMMi- 

^4ttfibei^f i^%a<^ atid( Home t0W^h(iAiiigfOim^^»^IMe 

2x2 



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984 

IwvMg yeen^ that .Hdik wqifioafcd'ifiMt* Miri Ikia 
ijMWlMtwriM we— >dUipwv<rf bafoi» tlu» fiNir/ivkle 
|i;Hr4l;'^li»aiaifcf«» by. Iwa ib^ atMaDtdkiwlM}. t* 
llMkiitiftMvUVwd. tmtb her • Bi(»jMk i^igbuMii «* 
BdOtlvHiri.' -imA whom ditiet abMi W )»mmi 
flitlr.J^. UpMtdMBtCM an»t haTiii ,sttid*«' iIiImm 
tfty^iHtowt. wit^ Ibttt fact, a8,aaB0r|«d, ob.ap ■»>• 
Wn n ii t wl ktfit HaAhaifipeiMd ; alten h»i4«if Wi«e(«red» 
tft9i]}i\ «(i#toof^«9:of th^ir t«sti«iu>«yfr ,4)Mit^«n» «l 
tji^in meiitiaiii^ tNe. ««»« of tbfe 9tim>: feUMto 

iMii fitnat^, %q«al Ha«a«}of k«>iRfed9«-wi(kb 4itaMr. 

^jjbcff aljt (Iw deciaia*^ vei^ of; oootradiatHw; in 
Bi4f soda's 1iQftMao9jr» was sii* ta nailsn^aa^ ultib 
Jimg'Acoa&Au^Mif. sevmaiMks (o.afM»irati< th* foaa 
iwMff lords in ttMokiogi that ttjt. Bidfoad wttb« 
irttiMis.i«bQ.o«Mld' ae^ bcf oufKotfld-o^Qi^iiourfUo 
iHMb ««d tbf^'tb^ro «as.nA: gtvmnd to.qo«fltipii:iMft 
VMMiftr?' ^ wai>Q an. oMaoltttQ iUtpcHiiMlifif -^^ 
aMwor tihase i«^roeM»i:tM< i(r tb^' alNnniiivW 
HS^ Oiigbt^haa'Boyal lii^bwMiaivMUqra; iow^Mi 
knjle lhft< ILiMg-'a <w)wttdiin*ild sarvBnl)l«•4e^4i^ 
^ingle^ nafMOftialy and faMtou«lld«iMiit iMwioniirtliifl 
iot iiffiiig a«d.ifi«MrMl with ihAftetilBB) 'k^wmm^ 
^e«tad in. ooaoniln wWu bboseT-vftboi baik adniukpb 
I^IM^MitfanDBaclvMS' to a», ^HiHoa:oil<)tl|«<Md94«it 
inbo viipuki Jaj^faiikbaod opatt hiiibevi^ aiul$cH)r4|blA 
tfwo'. tbawy wi> M o i n W( i> on wbonr ibafe llN| » at ait 
iMibdyi* mIm«« %ere uat l» be- aQa|MOtadt'>(lf<?tb» 



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«8» 

d!.4«.Wfts U thein" contMMw ■ tlm - mmm k Uf nuitmfii 
««U«nt A«ocesc» "noble,. watt. it gmwtvimt^iwtk^ii 
WAnfy». was it fnk, iayotir Mi^Mty's ccMitleMttib 
i«rv«QMi> iM»t«ftd of io^ adniAting^ the ^i«(iitH«j 
iHkMi hMl boeo^ iMMli^eftanU)F/aod amMeirtMba^/ 
BO' doubt, done -to ne, by the Imip^ iMMvlMf^ 
i» their report Ofoii'tiM •ndmwbfitheoewiWMfMA; 
to alMt^-t* ywir Maj^yv tikiat they agveatwUb'tfatiw^ 
OoblfrleMts'in their opiaioM, tbo«|fh they^oarfiMt; 
it^wema^ gos: tlte:i«ii9Ui ^f frteng aof longer i^ 
wdlUtoM the adtMe»-«*hicli'OMteMft antb'.ywii 
Eey(4'-freaeiioe.P . Am)^: wMi- aeifnat 'tai tbet'|NMff 
tiiMtlvrs^ to my p«9iiiUce' nmmiked ■p«fii..iirt.th« 
Bfif^ aa t«h(Me.* wftwh jiiMkly <kMNet tbi»-aiMtt 
a^f>a« ceDjijid«ra|^iop» «ad wImcA* ituic*. bacraMMl 
tm,d|eci|aiie}y e«iKtifidicted»' iawKiadigj fJaitlyi ««»tfa*t 
U4h^«>Mievthalk:theKe «WQV}gi«ill^nD>peetenaeA» 
^Q«)iK^ DNii^rk, <« tJtet> il tbev* bedibactt et^lhuittjM 
y^t^^httt tty. aiw*«D.b«d givmi thwk<deai«ii»i)oainn. 
dpfljen^ which, if aa, jMiiioieMt|tftdiMiedik.theB ^ m*. 
aMi^laa^^»8$i9t^ thiljiiatc.hqmM^ilfadttfHiai^ 
f^]^AiikaiW9iisuUbe whalMMver 9ijlioaeijca^|mi. 
Qii;(i|Baii» ai^.Qoateat thmnM^Mt^tib MqmiQi».<t|Milf 
■oflKi.QlKi))^ iu^ OR ajttegAtiotA attted m.fttlki. 
fljwai^ 9l(fHtHf)Wtapii% ftarriod.OH in th« abMhiniaf 
^l^ueti|w3pteFlwt«)^ jcsial4. be^aanM«nNlTai»%WI|i 
itiiiJoo^Ki^lfHM^iMtMtUahwil?' " - .. a- - 1' > ' »({ V 
ci'lwiyfell q(C.ihi% his.MftiMl9^-ttiMsi*i»ra9^ 



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tlittlfc<br0rall)}gflUod8^4hetiU^ stilted (n >reK^{i 
BBEy3exaiiliiiitiiliiH'9<^ried on in theftbience oP^ 
)totmtiliteMito*)'d4*ili« be credited tilldt^fcMVtff 
<|oiia'adief»l9 god' Reserve the most scfrloiri ^ciii* 
mdJtMm^ii uHa^'Htese mkiistei^ w servaiitt at 
ti^dUiigfireiH) «i^tk slny attentidti at all the ci>h- 
^ladialdbv wiiittk lier 'Rojai Higfiifess tehdered W 
tfMpai^iAroanltMlclfs; facta, or irttegations/ or ar^ 
<ftkdt tttato 4»y.*>ti4vh^ the aboDini^^ 
"Bii^ai^'^d etbMs toight bt desigpnated, -^^ 
VBEcmt have known th4tiM other coiitradiiftidU tobM', 
^jHny poMhilityv fro^ the nature of ttiingsr/M^' 
been offisred upob such subjects. They ditf'^hdi^ 
qoMtian tbe truth-^-^ttey did not point oot the V 
s«ffioieney of the ^eMitradtctton i but/ in \o^i 
gmehiK nuAi^nite terttis, rafiirrlng to the sinswet" 
otiJtm Beyat Higfbness, cMsbting^of abore'^tv^o 
httadpiid i written^ f»ag^» amf troupling ittirithrthos^ 
iHMDiMlieiis (wbieh they admit established notMi^ 
i^wnt^ttn absent party), they adf iiied'fais ICttjdfty^ 
ttot i^ thore* appeared many cirduiifi:st&nces of'^feotti' 
dnet^ wbibh Miild'»o(>lM^ regaftffed'by him' witfa^)^ 
^dMoositoef^i/^' aUd^at,a^to%tl bthfei" lk(i»iMi 
allaipdiAoMi M«^ «hose i^attt b^t6 tirb WlScM 
](ifl^(in.^:iatid ^ll«ery> they ^ereliixk IbM'^ofr^ 
fliderad as' >^%ii% dud wMtuHMy (^smmum^^ 
baiaoee^pofcmr to id^p^iimfaafyiftxUiiiifattbhJi; ifAf^ 
oarried on in the presence of the parties conc^ri^} 
Vhny Aid not, indeed, expressly assert; -th^l^ 4ier 
IKb^al liigbliesa's tsotfttudiction was nc^dtiSi^i^l^tii^ 
Mwiactwyr«b6y dtd noCoxp^^ly sta«^Vtb^tti^ 



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l^gf\ »fMi...conclu»ive .fl#tbbti4liO[i^Di;!ibiitua/.Be^B(»i 
^in^ofi, iia % ffsfpfiu0e «£ Abe' fiwtietalrteport^dl; 
b|qijt tl)ejr.,f^^.% to imfly wlichbopiQiattsibiiVhab 
^)ito^.opMo«l 7«r« pUerly mttat$A9 "AlffkiuiiAm 
ofapiNryalioas. ^Jl^ii^ bj»r Royal Higi|iitawib^iulii44^ 
fpqii..,tb^. qr«^U «u4 cbara$|er-«f l^Dt* «itaiiBA«^ 

piainN^; ;hai liuKt. thope obs^ntMiopi laft iMD 
^C^it ptrbo})/ ,uaafifact«d, «nd .^^idiaot desiwe.lMi 
l^lMk JV^^ tfr9ii) bis Mi^M|Qr>- mnvaia^ in 
ifl^jIfMiib)^ tbat ai^ bonooraUe-qMn ootdd 
or„iUfiQf;fair and aqpr^jodieed imDd bdi«ye. 

n WMb a p^rfjuouMiUy of. jod^oieitt atterljr irresbn* 
citable yf'ilh ,that candour ai^ geoeiops^y ^hhak 
^wp^ys govern tbeoQprejadiced in ealo* of .doab^ 
and difficulty^ biM JC»Jecty> mioirta}t,^the OMkliiD 
itjm akeady bare obs^ed) dwactvcM, or iriWffcMdf 
tli^^.diM^Bveredri^botbiiQ the .«BamiBia|t«M» mmI 
ey^.;iiijthj» am^ffffiPf lM«r A«y«l BigiuicM, .muiiy 
f jf)cainvf tmi<:es.,.ojt coodvct wbicb c^uld witt be .>r«r 
gjij^flfd batiwi^ ^ioo* cooq«^P« «u»d wbi«h 409% 
gfUli^d^jUie expite^sifMiof ;» d^'^ '^oid «X|MCliiftianf 
^, a^ob A, coiidDct migbt in ^qmi bet 4ifci»vM« 
e^ .i-Y ibi^r «^yM Jligboesa, 4tt,Kocild /iitty jnili^ 
ib$M^i|^Krj^.o|<pam<iM4 KgMd «nd.«fi«ctioni«bibb 

%Wiy..., . • . :- ■ '. ■>.-■ ' •■ -' !• ?^=' ' 

i)Wn:mRP^afr.wbQ))y iipQ«9^is»py» ^iiol |ibi(^^ 
V^fjpf^ was jifpQder«d dpwMy. iftt^ to ^ J k |wA 



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lic«li» .aiAMkM tf what wm the obj«|t t4 IMirt 
kkatmo" it wMB^mpMaiMe fw facr lUy^l ili KiiM rtt .. 
tii>«liico««r,^«illi«r in tbft ^xaamMioii otv stiUoieiM • 
krlMtMV* sMMMstery MwwerltotlMdi, whatWBii^ 
aOillinmUMHiw oT-comlttetlD i»lkiefa Us Mij^ilyV 
yumimiiiJ' iMr^aitti O0M blloife. Bot.iMa^'Mlllj 
>y| W nm; that tlMkrb «efe «» ciMMncuuiCfli «f «*»» 
diMl>4|Ml(ett *^liy Miy witMflB, ^wHoto.inriMty Ito4< 
4iMr»dil #er««»t «Min«reMMy elpote^ and ^IMJI» 
Mftd) nor wei« thetft «iiy thing ill th« 'iftttftMr «f 
b«r<iU>yal Hift^nfen whidieeuU iiMy bfr-widiMti 
apfiHroach, ib the remotetft tnaunhf, to etthat vtlkatf. 
or^Mlelicttcy. \.' ., 

fittt Boyal H'^rbneis, at att-tiuMs^ eat^teaBokmM' 
ttUhMk w to d th< Mort dMifill tfbtdicnce tothe««Mldi 
d0 Mi Majaity, afid wab UcaiiiMiH to - oaufoMftu IIM>* 
Mdfl^his ptcamire m iictUiW; btft, in otilMrtolitt 
tiM^ k was «Menttal that ahe 'rfknild b6 mmderMb* • 
qntfthted-^ith atiyt>atiicdlat8 tinct tnight oMfMtea. 
nttdy faappM to distsleasO'faiai: • ttte dci^reiiAlniu 
staMbMlM bo as h«{)i»y'9M IMtof htMMiriralb'tNMn 
blin(i»«tt4«vllMifaeMff»<»f his MajMtyV.*dv^1iWa 
riiinwai. tiiin4W\fl«*«fay heNtlf «M(MnMi:A-«i«HlB«gl»t 
fliMyi^th»fir««aclioii>«f WaMi^dlj^ii jMiKA ■ «<«ib 

Af S*^ .HigbdaMhebiidMlWilienhittiMMlfti . 
ap^^l* «h»«Kiiig «g«iwNi -Ib^ dMdaiMi ofrlMiw 
coHfidealialaenFaala;«iNl the malicee^ bar miiiilLlirn 
ki<i«figa«9e oCaa varfMy pM^hrtte iihwfUMWi^ tiiiii 
in tt tt m i w «*»«h >fMc«fc>««i«i(tii httV«eiM(rtiidf4iily»d 

jflUNUd 4ipr Bostiii HigfcwMB ^ «g|%:»^.i.c«MMir^ 

.it 



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fiikH tb^temptfltiMy of ifimng ♦fcase-s— tu i i Mte jrt i 
bi»f ftoyal iiiiifhiiesd'sewn wcMdi :<<* YcmrMmjmtfJ'it 
mfW'ikiBi ** hM $eM fHwit 4ttw«nmt -my diara»tili«l 
hMl^fol* H tioiey raitaiaed, by the feht mdi m^iimlt^ i 
•«MB«Mit «f iiady Dooglas, aadk by tb»d0^liiii«ii 
of 4lio wUnesteir friio wove •suMiod hi iijyyrtbffit 
ttet statomMt. Yaur liiftBijsity kwMM bow^ivliilijiri 
enMiies I hMA/iiaod boiv /KMte tlttiri uUtliM bi|ii 
bbM rcrtiiumiA'by noy r&gmd to Irtib kl.tll«:pM^^ 
smUf^tff^mftmn.'^ 'FcWy as it may be boped^ iimy«bf^ . 
tlo itiitaMe* bf «uob deteniinieilaiid mprovglDeA 
nmllgiiityy'yetiJ MiHiat Ailter ny^f that the> 
imiid.dMi*iiot prodooe otber pcrimit, who may be 
swajf0d bjf sitmlar motives to similar iridMiMir.; 
Wbatbar a.«lateai«Dt to be ptepared by tbe Prinee 
o# Walee is to be eoofioed to ^ old ehargesp or 
ia iateMled to imag forward new ciroomstaiicaiy I 
caimot toll } bot if any fresb attempts of tbe aam« 
iiaton sball be made by my aocusars, tnskmctod 
as^tiiey wiM baffe been, by tb^ir miscarriage ia tbis 
^ I cao terdty hope that they wiH aot. 
^ their charge wtlb an imptored artifi^Oi aiore 
shMftiUy diaectid, and with a maliee faiflaased: 
nitkf9yUmu> abated by their pf«rious diaapp«i»ti>^ 
moAt. I Ibseelbw can oaly appeal to year 'Man* 
jeelf'a'joiliee^ in which I oonfidently timtp ilMt 
wlMb#ff tlieae dtorges are to be renewed agakMt 
«#. eU or freab evjdiiiee, or wbetber 
iw MmfM ms mgwnMmsmSf am to faa 
hsmifiktimrmmd, yottrMajesty, after ibeoftperNSMe 
eCilhMtt>«oeeediliff»» willsMtsiiCftryomri^^ 



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tp^M pi^ttdiced by ^9f^fmrte, Mvnil/ttftffiliwtiwM 
9or «iy ohkPiicler to bet whinpered «vay by ip a i p i i ii 
tioq% or ^uggpefliMMis wbick I have no opporteni!^ 
of iMMtiiis. If any dpar^e, wibioh the fewi wtt 
recognise, should ba brought againal mei lAaaoilam 
baglftlL4iMincr» I thookk bave.no li^ to oo«ifMiQ» 
nor 4fiy apfN^beoftion io maefk 41. But tiUi4 im9 
bA»ei«^ fttli opporteaity of ao MBOting Ht IftnaH 
four Majesty yMi aofc auffor it ka asdta OT«D:«f 
fMpiciM to my prejadioe. I aauttidaiosi tbahoM&k 
«f Uks presumptioa of innaoanea tilt I mt pmvad#a 
be guilty; for, sritboot that preauuH*!^ Hfftiaat; 
like efforts of soorat iQaii^aaAinA ^fiikt^^pante Mkr 
aieiaatiQa% Uie ptiureafc iMioMiiot ton «ci^ Miihh 
fanoa, and have oaM^rity. 
/ *y S^nouod^d^ «i lit is now pvoved that I haae 
tbe«ii^ foytf yaai« by <ia#Ma^ spm^ j»aar Sfajesly 
aawl, 1 tni^^ fad eonv^iaced, thatil I i«sd bcMte 
^eilty ihorQ aMki not have baen wanting evi4«M» 
to have pravad my guilit. 4^nd tbet thtsaj^pids 
bate been ebkigad to bate reaart to th^irowftiflh 
veataoi^ for tb» aopport of th^ chaise, i^^lim 
atreaigeit demanrtratioA that the trothf mdisgiiMiid^ 
endii^orreotly repreaented^ caaUl foanaBh^tni'Wlli 
,iif IwiBdfe agaiait ma. And when I consider^ 
ttaMire and malignity of that aontfMraoy-^ wbietirC 
liel confident I haire coiapletalji d^teated and i^ 
posed, I caimat but think of that defceation wttb 4ltt 
; Uaeliest. gtel^w^ m tb# special bleasii^ 4»f BAivi'^ 
vdaMe, wbo^ by cenfoonding the OMflUaatiafitjtf 
Sybils eidblaiib loeia ind^mlhieMayraki* 



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911 

Had emtrtivmgaiice of lluik- ittatice, in^'tiie ^\erf 
weafeni irbidi tbey fabricated and ahrfrpell^d fbv 
my dMtrQction, the aoffident guard to uiy^ ifitidi 
tettce^'ttnd th« eff^ctaal meaiisdf ifay jwiifiMtirift 
avddefeiitte." 

. Will not the rei^der^ when be has aCtendtd to 
tba ()r6ceedtng^a sifbfwqueatly inaiitut<d agaitut 
tilo late most perseottted Queen, imagine, on tbd 
jpemsid of this, extract of a letter^ dated in the eftrl| 
pun of Ih^ year ISO?, that it really tfAight bear 
4M,e in 1^0? Littie, iodeed^ waa the mallei 
til her enemiw r^Btrained by truth in the poi^ 
Mk of her minr!— -Other Lady Donglases^-^other 
Bid|^od0— ^thet Ooles^ and other Fanny Lloyds 
were fonnd, swayed by similar motives to similffr 
wickednes(^-«fiew accasations and new witnesses, 
«liiiQ0t without measure or end, rose up agtunst 
.ber^ But her Royal Highness, having tost her 
f reat, her eflicient friend and protector, the late 
i&ipg, her appeal against the prejodice that might 
be Ascited byM-^parte aad setrei ex«minatfOfi9 Wils 
tiifeide in v«in. Her charaoter was whispered awtfy 
rbj^ioiitntuitiond and suggestions which, for a idi^ 
ftioie^iahto hhd lao mMos of aneettng, Aitffuli th«til- 
^AtFBiyl^mji ind propbetio wens the apped alid itie 
folfici^vatioQa wbieh Iksr Royal- Highness* madi' 4ii 
.tJari-fsoir 1897, anticipfttory of the ahaiiM^ess tKk- 
«<c|piktimo6 IfiftO! I 

-ivdHbr Aoyal Uighnesa finaUy conctadoi her leHg 
tfeMsr, m\A an^exprcsssioa of oon6dence, tinsl maby 
jhsjjai'vwoALtiietieWfser before sh« sbMM*nsMi»e 

Sa2 



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87* 

1?d9n^;hW Majesty, ''tliM uMiraffice 'tlra«')]tt#i^ 
VljUests^frtigrlit h^'^ dotiiplelfifly^ granted,; «aM4» 
Vender \i impoiiiliftf^ Yd> her to a?«kl .«hfe paii^i dwr 
^tb^re to the world of all the cirmmmCMicegof thit 
linjastice, and of titose aomerited'siifieringt*, wlqiefc 
t1idseprbceeding!^/7n the manner in which they bad 
'been condacted, had brought iiponhe^* • 
^' Had we noVihithentic documetits to domoMtratt^ 
'the i^ct, beyond aH doubt or diffidiilty, poitevity 
might justly suspect the fidefity of the MMoriitft'of 
these shameful transactions, wtioso' ^^ty^ never* 
tbeless it is to state, that even this just, this diltifttl 
and most alfectionate appeal to the joatiee andeofP'- 
passion of the King, was disregarded; 90 poleat 
were the means employed to keepalH^.the spiritaf 
persecution against the Princess of Wales. . 
• Days and weeks passed on, and iio answer was 
returned. Her Royal Highness waited (with wl^t 
degree of patience and anxiety may be' t^aciHy 
conceived) in the hourly bope^of receiving ^Ms 
Majesty's commands to pay her duty in htsroykl 
presence. And when that hope was dissappoiotib, 
at the expiration of a week, she thought" it^^^t 
possible, that the reason for hef not havingn^eiMived 
his Majesty^s conanmnds t6 that effiscftt MiigfaU^Afre 
'^ been occasioned 'b^ the! cii-comfitaneii'of 'his* Ma- 
^j^y^s staying at WrVidsOr through tlif6 w^yole^tif 
^ 'Mlkb vfehk. She* therefore determfned to WhUmcfiiw 
day^'ionger befdrier'she tc^ok a step^ :tlp4t{cb> ^^b^n 
" tince taken, cotild not be l^eciitied. ^' In » 44tter, 
dated the 5th of March, she 4eelilned^«b«t<hayiiig 



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r 



a7^> 

«edwig ^fr but, ihafinjjr nec^iv^ oa cofnn^f^^ 

milt «pan him, aad do iotiinatioQof hi^ |ii)eafjf^ 

iihtiw»» redaced to the xke€^ty,o{ /dbwd^njfig^f^ 

k9ft^ that his Majesty .woul^ cpmpijT w.Hb heirJ^^^ 

Met her earnest, •»d.aaxiqaaireques|;?,. ,.jftj8>j^ 

jesty, IhereftirPf ^V eaalif^^liot tQ'hf^^ui;^)^^ 

to.findthatftJbe^piibliaation i|thiqh,herB«y3^.,^[jqg^h- 

new bad thi4ateoed to 8endfi>rtktO:tb? warld^ Wf^^ 

dfiQlAie.'mtiliheld k^yqndtlie folIavv;iog Mopdayi. 

^i^A^Uk'ms eoavoqaeniee&wbicb^aich apablicati^A 

itnigitt. b^f e .Jon ber Aoyal Higbaess, of that she 

mmti^ol eoime^.'^bear the responsibility; and as to 

^hs^tfactAirliicbs^cJ) an«xpo8are«of injastice and 

crueHy inigpbtfbav^Qo o^ra^ pr on the cfuintry at 

large, be^ coli9cie<[ice cooldtnot accose her* . ^||e 

..uras, confident \\k%t ^he had not acted impaf-iently 

.or precipitately. ^Tq avoid coming to that pi^io/pl 

^AUreniity, her Roygl Highness h^d t^kejxiiytry 

•'fUefi in her pqweri except that which would have 

I ihe^^^andop^ingb^r character to utter infamy, and 

Jk»r .stilts imd Jlife to no uncertain danger, and, 

i^p^s9jl>ly , to no very distapt destrio^tion. 

I» >7;W4ih tbes^. f^pts, ^md th^e impressions^ was it 

e)M(|tU!sti;ange tbather Roy^l Highness ^bon^ qf^-- 

<^de ber last appeal to tbe justice of the C^iff;^ by 

K^u^9mbi|iig her^^lf,.^,hif .Wl^^y's " most ^^Igi^Yl, 

T/kiyaK aod affeqtiooate, hift, mo^t unhappjf gj^ ^/ff^t 

uji(|ifre^,dfmgbler«in-law> svbje^;!;,' and servAHlv'^Jb 

.ir*tj5y« b«ve '^di i? bookfl.of.rppaanqe, juicj /^^P 

;iiiii/af)tbqntic. histories, both of our own coiuit;rj|^j|pd 



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974 

of.ottora^ 4of.iiyured ({imms, and (fterMCttled prHN* 
oMMft; but I bave no recollectton of any imtadce 
similar to ibe one now before us. I know no in« 
SUiDce in which the accated has been acquittad of 
aU criffie by her jodg^es> and Chat too before a 
tribunal solely of their own formation, and even 
before any adequate means bad been afforded tf 
rebut tbe secret evidence that had been adduced 
against her, yet attil condemned to suflbr' that 
punishment, at least in part, which could only have 
been awarded had a verdict of guilty been reluriied 
lagainat her. And was not this tbe case in the 
instance of the Princess of Wales ? most aasut^dly 
it was; and that the following minute of coonoil, 
dated April li2d, 1807, and signed by tbe principal 
members of that council, fully proves :* 

'' Your Majesty's conddenlial servants have^ in obedience to 
your Majesty's commands, most attentively considered the original 
tlhsrg^es tintf Report, the miaBteft of evide&ce, and all the otfa^ 
papers submitted to the consideration of your Muesiy^ on thff sob;- 
ject of those charges against her Royal Highness the Princess of 
Wales. "[\ 

"^^'Irr the stage in which this business is brought onderth^ 
consideration, they do i!K>tfee1 therotelvea oalled upon to gifemiy 
opinion as to the proceeding itself, or to the mode of inYeaiigiq^- 
tion in which it has been thought proper to conduct it. But ad- 

» V' • . • - , « '■ "^"* 

* The names of thos« who signed tbid turious and impn^titft 
jd^Qument, were tiie CoUowing: ihe Lord -CbanceiWr, '£bM; tbe 
^Ij^rd-President, Camden;, tbe Lord Priyy-^ieal, Wtrgtoiorel^n^; 
rtife riuke of Portland, first Lord of the Treasury; the EafI ,qf 
C^hMssiy Master 'General of the Ordnance ^ the Eoiri of Oatbarst,; 
^YJsovwnt Casilereagb ; Lord Mulgrave, first Lord of the Adnii- 
^^y ; Mr. Secretary Cjianing; and lot4 fTawke^ttdV^V, 'ndvi^'Eih 



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376 

>iHili^teilMarteeirbftk it iUiM Iry^fis Ri^y^ ttigfaiiini the' 

fideotial servants are anxioni lo impreM f[iaii.]roii»M|^|j«Mgf|tl|f)| 
conviction that his Royal Highness could ilot» under such advice, 
ooAiwsleiitfy nith Ills poklio dntj^ hute dane oUierwise Ikaii tky 
l»f«re Yfmr 9f qe«ly tte «tilm«iit ind exwiQatioiis iHi^ w^ 
sgbmitted tp him i\poj) this suli|^e^t 

•' After the most deliberate consideration^ however, of the evi* 
Mioe nhick haft been brought before the Commi8si<Hiep», and •! 
ttit ^reiii9Q«e$apnipi^lNtQ«, sa «0U m of flt^ aqsiier and olM0rTt^ 
Uona which, h^n9 b^n^obni^led lo yoar Majesty upon tb«n, tbfy 
feel it necessary to declare their decided concurrence in the clear 
and iMiaiiimou» opinion of the GeiiHmssioners^ confirmed by tha^ 
of lUy^mi |ff%i^y'» hte ooiifidenli^l MrTan.ts, tHt the twamm 
^faprgef aUeg^ tgainsl hei: Royal Hiffaness the Printess ^f 
Wales, of pregnancy and delivery, are completely disproved; 
and t1«ey ftiriher submit to your Majesty their unanimous opinion, 
Ibul nA otim particttktfa ^f condnet brought in accusation agoiisi 
her Royal' Higbmess, to ivhicb the character of eriminnKty caa bet 
ascribed, are satisfactorily coiitradicted, or rest upon evidence 
of such a nature, and which was given under such circumstances, 
W rwd^r it, in the jadgioent of your Najssly's caoideatiai icf^ 
vant9, qntlq^rviug of credit 

" Your Majesty's conddeatial servants, therefore conoarriog in 
that part of the opfnion of your late servants^ as stated in their 
minute of the ^hof /anuary, that there is no longer any necea* 
itCf G^r ^ot^r Majesty beipg advise4 to declioe rQceivylg the |Mik 
cess into your royal presence, humbly submit (o youc Majesty |^ 
tliat it 18 essentially necessary, injustice to her Royal Highness^ 
afidjhr* alU konrntr and interest of your Majesty^ Hl%striomef^ 
ifiify, that b^r Roy^I Higlwe^^ the Pcioces^ of Wajea^ aAonWi^ 
admitted, with as little delay a$ possible, into your Mq^e^y*^, 
royal presence, and that she should be received in a manner a^e 
Ha Aei* rank and staikm in your Majesty's court andfamtty. ' " 
. ** Vowr tfi^fcy'a coniMaatial aammBte alsoite^ leave to iobiMfl 
t» yout Mi^ty, that a^nstderin^ that it may be, necet^y^ tj|f^ 
your Majesty^s government should possess the means of referring 
to ike state of this transaction, U is ofthe utmost importance thai 
:tb.aBQ.«|qfMPtnt4, 49fPnoalialing th« gRuiads4M> which yoarft^-- 
jesty has proceeded, should be p^ewrv^d in aftA cvalody ; aaitb^t 



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370 

fof' Ihal purpoMir the oHginiihr, crt' aiitiifeiitib t)ipM'^ alttt&e^ 
(NfM^^idiaald be a^«M' ttp mi4 deporiledftn tk^tAo^fJtwtni) 
Ml^KU'i prioapal 9acc«Ury of fttote." . . _ ^^.j, 

<)ould a more complete document of exeolpft-^^ 
tiOD, of all and every part of the charges aBeg'eA*"' 
against the Princess of Wales, have been framed?*^ 
Here we see that not only the two mam charges bf ' 
pr'egnancy and delivery are admitted to have'beefh ' 
completely disproved, but also that a/f other {i^i'-! 
ticuUrs of conduct brought in accnsatioh agahiMf*^ 
her Royal Highness, to which fhef least charaetW*'^ 
of criminality could be ascribed, are' saHsfactorif^^ 
contradicted, or rest upon evidence undeserving '#f^ 
credit. That her Royal Highness should, thef^*:^ * 
fore, be immediately restored to his Majesty 'h pre- • 
sence, to the full possession of every honour to * 
which she was justly entitled according to her rank^ 
and station in life, was deemed essentially nec^s* ' 
sary, in justice to }ier Royal Highness, and for the i 
honour and interest of the royal family. ' '^ ' 

Here, then, is a complete acquittal — a peffddtr^ 
acknowledgment, that not a shadow of reason e^-^ 
isted why her Royal Highness shoald not itiM»ni^Fj^^ 
be i^estored to the full enjoyment of all her rigttW^ 
aijA' honours. But what will posterity say wA^^ 
they read that[ she was not instantly and fifjiy 
restored; that although admitted at court, and vifi/ 
sited by the King, she was very soon afterwaitb 
again pestered and annoyed by the malice of ktv 
eiu^QU^?. But let us proceed as regularly ».% 
possible with our narrative. ' ' ^^ 



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877 

. SooD.aiUr tba WminatioQ of tbe inqivries.of tb^ ^ 
Conimniwtft ib tbe yeMv faB06«7r report (rttito^. 
that Mr. Perceval bad caused the whole of thblr'f rtti^ ' 
ceodings^ to be thrown together into the. fov^ yi 
wlucb thej aflenwards appeared as printed in t\ 7^$; j 
Bo$iky\ tke whole rabstance of which I? ba^^e ^^9|9!(, 
laid befoi^ the reader. Of , this singula^* prj^|i)^}j 
tion two largf imprestions wei;e mid tQ . h^V!^, t>eeq 
pcifl^rpotwithstandiogthe fai^t tfaat.eyerj person 
e^glfUged in thi^ bttj»ae$s had been sworn to se^rec^y^. ^ 
F^ir a iong time ttus boqk was kept from* the piiiblic . 
ejfMi bu%.9t length it was whispered that Mome 
coipiDSvOf i^ were in the hands of private indi viduala. 
It was about, tbe latter end of the jear 1806 that 
ti^^cne #i^rj|Miig raqpionrs began to oirculate, and . 
Cfioie.|;Q the ears of Mr* Perceval, then heoome a 
wigifjp adyocate fqr the Prince of Wales. An ad-.. 
▼eiti(ieo»eAt* was issued, offering a reward to any 
p^lfjp^ .who wonid give up a copy of it to Mr. 
liadsellp bookaeller;; and aowe persons, it was said, 
tl)§^jf,ol>taiaeil vjary large sums of money ; soflfe 
o&yi|n^| aft mnchr^as five hopdred ponndiis son»^^. 
^^hliJl*?4*^? P^»«^P »ft *^ » ^«^ thai\ §ftfe^i,; 
hifl^^^gl9^\fi^9:$fot a copy. Itbas been (po^itiy^lj^,) 
a^/{^i^^^ upon. wh^t^ntbor;ty I:have ap ^p^^. 




vins m Ibeir possession 
b^diryCdmrAins Sito./bbt2 0eter,p«^fi^4 wUb W, Un^fiiifiHi 
name, as tbue seller of the same, on the tU^e-page, ^nd luJt brioff u 
Ut^. WMA^3bk£(4le/,'1Vih)pole-stit!et, willfeeeiye a han<MMi^ 

16 3b 

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«78 

Q^|Btscertainiiv, tbat jtbe enormoas amount of twenty 
thpDiiiinfjl ipouo(}9 w^e expended in buying up^ ttfjil 
coof ^aliqg Mr. Pecoevars iny9teri6Q8 book frMi 
.^Jbe public eye 1 > 

^ All eifgrtfif however^ to suppress ibis most devekip- 
ingi publication eventually proved unavailing { and 
. The Book made its appearance, and wa» reprinted 
.19. every possible form. When tbe biU for makiilg 
provision for the Crincesses wa« bought into.J^^t- 
Jiament, in the year 181 1» Mr.iPejccaval sentif^r 
every person whom he knew wfts acqoajntedr.with 
The Book, and expressed his apprehensions th^V^ 
contents bad been improperly divulged ; but it was 
then too late. On that occasion, Mr. Perceval^, in 
allusion to a speech from Mr. Beouet, said tbat, 
with regard to the separation of the royal persons 
alluded to, he should say nothing. He migbt»aQd 
did lament it as much as any . man could j but 
neither as a minister, nor in. any other charaotet, 
did be feel, himself called upon to say any thiAg 
upon the subject.' As to what had been 4|iMj re- 
specting the grant of 10,000/. additional ..Ao^) Abe 
Qgieen, the committee mnst be aware thai Ifiiwas 
.entieely of a different aatvfe from tbpit undencdo- 
sideratipu. Its object was to enable the ftueeoiio 
meet expenses which she would be likely, toiacur, 
unconnected in any manner wit|i tjici PfineeMsfc* 
There was no increase of the civil li^tof the Pn^qe 
of Wales above that of the King.; on tbft contfayy , 
there was a diminution. ,\ . .^^^\ 

ThQ 9aroe evening Mr. Pwceval hi^v^ng^isivle 



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5^ 

me&tion of the liberatRy tf the Prince Bftf- 

'ggiiH in disebkrgiii^ some debts dftbe TVinciiits <{f 

iSl^lerf, Bin Wbitbread, whose zeal id the sefVtce 

of her Royal Highoess was constant, ardefntj iind 

nalaabl^ utge4 some ^^evioos coiniidiiration^/'and 

fobiiertied) that; when the sabject of the hoiisehoVd 

f)prti» llrtefy b^ore the House, he understood, thVt . 

Ithe'^aidditiofiai gtant of 10,00(M. was made to fihe 

-Brltie^s' ^MttMisfament. Nevertheless, he wtis 

^lifrAVif Aat* itome siich proposal as the present, 

iWd6M»*ky a short time, be made to the House. 

^fi^^otfldlle glad to hear a satisfactory reason, 

why the present arrangement was not then taken 

intd consideration. As to the Princess of Wales, 

he thtmight it strange that she should be so poorly 

provided for, when the right honourable gentleman 

seemed to be so solicitous for providing for every 

other branch of the royal family. When the right 

honourable gentleman talked of his Royal Higb- 

^mm taking 0()on himself the payment of ^,000/. 

<t»aM ittbe foir*gotten that his Royal Highness was 

->dAoriaoos(y in 'debt himself? He, indeed, who 

''COoM not pay his own debts, engaged to pay those 

-oft'mnother r ibis, Mr. Whitbread said, looked very 

diko a ^ggle. The 70,006?. that was now appro- 

prtaned- to the payment of the Prince's own debts, 

inMibeerved, Was without control or limitation. The 

^persBns to whom it was confided were not responsible 

tt^'Pt^rlianierit, and were revocable by the Prince 

himself. Sixty thousand a-year was given to the 

^8^ fdr tbb privy purse. Did the right honour- 

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MO 

-iMi^ g8btltellinc(hMI(^tlH9Mt€iikt'of th^^^^k^irfite 
4i^ti«d«b^jPMicei?'iaml eoold be ^fre<<bite«¥itf >tb 
4iMlfIdi]se, tbiit, ftf^r^tibe paynetfit ^f tbe dO.OOOl. 
^w ^bk^'fot^/otbel' deitiafids Mumld not be tii«d4^ 
Jb hid ^tium, the only proper waywookf be, thtt 
iltBiW/iOOL tsheoMbefttid off; and then/ if iloy 
things farther remained^ they ifhoold came t^Par- 
.hi|itiMt/ fairly and dpenly, and pay xtS the whole. 
Vhere was a tiine when the right hdneorabte g«ft- 
tlecnan, Mr. Pereeial, not only tboi3l{|;lit it ' net 
inconsistent with hi* doty to f^ite inlbrtnatton en 
the rabject of the '• Delicate Invefiti^atbn/' bdt 
when be took efery pakie to spread this informa- 
tion ae grenerally as posaihie. At tttat time a' book 
wea prepared y whioh was intended to be cirbulated 
moat extensively, both here and upon the continent. 
Dhe Book, however, had been suppressed, and.the* 
oittataoding copies had been bought op at a great 
expense, out of some fund or other, whether public 
or private he coidd not say. He conld not eeb- 
ceave why the right honoorable geatlenian now 
ffeaaained mute, when before be had a tbo«iit«<d 
tongues. I . .1 

* As to tke real inoome of the C^ueen, it ''was 
.ti%fiOOL per annum, wfaMe-sbe lived on the e«th* 
jbliihaofeat of the King; whereas the Frinceas^6f 
Wales,.|he fionsotft of the Prince Regent, had otAy 
^^%fi6Hikc per annum, and waa oUigad to live»^aa- 
:ttvely *at her own expense. AU that the oDatiaB 
Ji^nMfa 6f her resideneei said Ittr. Whitbread/is 
that she luvea in.fetirementt either afejKoQsi^gtfs^dr 



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381 

B|ftQ|sb«ilbi \.T^ .^99i.9e0lm\fAy not ,tbe<8iA«ft- 
.^ioii in .whieh theicoiratoy "wpqM JBiMifto<<(ie(^^ 
Wife oi i^ 'Vfim!» Begfbir plfioodt or .irt.;YfaHilii 

p, time wjheo.adililionttl gnulkkivwre WMt04 fed Ihfe 

jotbw branches. of tibe royal &axilyi it wM oatoiltl 

to ^tk^ why had tibe heem so neglected? ,;.' <;» 

jMUr. Tieroeytbeo ro«e, and said that be faadiy4t 

another objwiioo to make relative to the civiUMt, 

«id that was with respect to the provkii6n wbidi ft 

(<90iitaftied isr the PrinceM of Wale^. Tbere was 

talk, indeed^ of a sep^raikiHf bat the Howe kntfw 

iiothicip of such a separation : the right booouraUe 

IfaatleaMii, Mr* Perceval bowever, knew* a great 

deal abo«t Aiy he had acted as counsel in ihatiiN 

wstigalion so moch talked of; aiMl it wsa surpmu 

iog be shooU now sit so mote^ and bear all tiffs 

wiibpered about respecting his iavoarite Prinoess^ 

his client. And not have one word to say* in her 

iMencei It strack him (Mr« Tieroey) very 

iorctbly y tbttt there was now a person in this coontry 

tc^preseotiag tbe Prince BegenVs wife, who wee «s 

mttek a Q<^ea as he a King^ . t 

i^i fjThtis called opon, howeirer/ the Chancelioir of 

tha Bacheqnef did sirf, ao the 17th of Aptit^ 

1811, '' Chat whaA be had stated with respaet >tb 

^Ae Ariifcew of Wales was, that neither >kt Ms 

sitoatidn as eonnsel to her Royal Highness, noyrtu 

any other chM*acCer, was be conseiows that theca 

existed a g^oimd of charge. He shooM ahsiayl; 

he'fftrapared to make the same- ststeoMnt/* > m fit 



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382 

.. Mr. i^ihitbtm^^ m Jlim WM4i»th also said, -^ J 
l^€| ;^«^d'>tlwt thkp Qiieeq is. abodt to hold « 
4iy8MwipgK9Mi : of.CQiira& no h^es iciiii.w>w cttial 
19(1 bi^lMf^i#Bty*0 rdcowery ; because ^^ if there wa^ 
a^y^,a(i(9h<^9..sMp WAidd oof be resortesditoj^batiiii 
i;asQ ,tM^ dmwiog-ri^am be held,^! wbald/wiilptb 
j^lip.w.if tb^r^ i^.M^ be aoy poblici lappearanee ^ 
t|]e.f^riiMi§S9.'0f Wal«»? Tbis is qo private duN- 
cern : the public hare a right to demand, wbyxtli^ 
acknowledged ^ consort of their B«g«ii4 dealhot 
appear in p«iblic as sacb^ .No afibotatioB ofidel»> 
cacy can be peroaitted to stand, ini the^wayiofxa 
nation's anxiety, upon a question of auoh nUtiodai 
impqrtance. If any man can latiiify .Ibe pobli^ 
upop this topic, it is the right hocKwraUa g«iltfe» 
maiiy Mr. Perpeval. They believie him to have 
conscientiously undertaken bar defence«Hto have 
writleo her vindication — to have perused that jrin« 
dioatiion*--ta have published it. That TindscataQn 
is. said to have involved in it an attack upoft.bet 
royal consort. It was koown to have been, wi 
altaqk upon his Royal Highnessi and the Regciplift 
first minister is known to bavve ba^n^the aothocrDl 
it: Ai^d alierhehad.pabli8bed.it; aft^* it<had:bi»w 
i;^ by one and;one hundred, it wafc.bon^ht 0(^41 
ai» ^ormoas expeocej bongbt up by iJie priMto 
9ecr«tary .of the honourable gentleman. I ask hw 
qoWj .do^ he retain his former opinion bfr the ubh 
eK«ep(ioj»aUe coadiKt of the PjrinctiMS of WaJtei^?, 
I,^ him, if he did not lately 1 in the GlPWH 
ti9l^jDfmly'r£iWd>bisiM>iifiraiation.<of t^ ^j^lMOll:? 



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863 

hmlififrMi tioviwfaatit^afis lbe«dtffer mgVt, 't'call 
upon kim to ex)[riaiii, iff he' cm^ hifi ajlfmr^nt diit 
jwrtion of lier just ciaims tb that redp^et^'MMfc^, 
fn^imoRf and :<ianskleratioiiv due to kb^ cmdoubtM 
iPrincess Regent of thAe reiilorBi 'These Hre qii^- 
<tiQM» whichi as he vahies bis own consi^tertcy^ a^ 
ike vainea thacbaraoter anddaimft of the Friilbe^, 
and ag be respects the Priaee» bis master, iie i^ 
JuDood to, aMwer/' 

Joi QiUb^beaa eloee afid pressing questions, Mr. Pbr^ 
ceral' gfttre iaeh an answer as most completely 
uxoalfNrted her Royal Highness from all gnitt or 
oudfabfliitiv whatever. Notwithstanding this, thd 
pnfalie journals that were supposed to. be in tbd 
canfidence of the. Regent's ministers, and of coui^se^ 
Qiider the infloenee, in a great degree, of this sainb 
Mr. Perceval, and his colleagues, continued, from 
thne to time, to cast the most cruel, though indi* 
neety censure on the condact and character of the 
Brinceaa of Wales ; and from the circumstance of 
very frequent conferences being held between the 
Btsgeiit, tbe Lord-Chancellor, &c. added to the 
bnowtedge* of some disagreement at Windsor,'' itf 
tras-at length suggested that a rery impdrtanf 
ehai^e* w«s about to take plaee in the comiuMal 
Mtefeions ^f the Prince Regent and bi§ #iftir 
¥li<6iigh the innocence of the Princess had- beeir 
proved to the entire satisfaction of bte Bftajesty'if 
cahkiei( as weli^ ail to that of every honest,; ictii-^ 
pMrji;k}icedi onan "in the 'kingdoas, • it ii^as t^s^ 
ooferikigly bib ted, ii» some of 'the paperit iAIdi^ 



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^Hll^bd to« thft Hi tlw QpMtitation knew natbing^ of 

l|e£MPf^ anotber tribmiaU wxuiM i^e. nweasarj^ j^ 
jury was talked. of, ^pdfaoU hnittd a^ ^^i^^>9g^ 
proper to come before it. ^ , :. . 

Bdbb Wtt^thefmkKiig»«)^leen of Aer^ftoyd fl%ti- 
imfjif^B eiiemies ! — such was the bitter aimtiosity VitR 
wbioh they never oeased to pursue ,her ! 7 Her ]|c^ 
qtfitttA Worked no chang^e in the mimlariarfdMi^ailU^ 
of 'her adversaries; with undeviatfng'VaWcoar'flliHt* 
watohod all her steps j with ui]tbouo4ed v]q|frc|f^* 
Msi they npped ope* evgi7iW0Qad;iierifiaa«minefi) 
by every artifice to lacerate her keehMt^efiiAMjtMfe f 
to torture and goad her to desperatiou; and'so td' 
poaHon'tbe public aaiod agaimther^ aste reodei!iher 
the object of universal scorn and '^lerhnotti Witk 
more bitter animosity was human being nfever 
before httttted ; fet every diabolii^al effort faiJ^d of 
itv objeet: the good senae^mid onabakeii vktuftjof 
the people of Englaqd, resisted every attesifi^of^lh«' 
enemies 'of their favourite Princes^. In . pf opo^toa 
tof the malignity* of her i£ie6,.'ihe Maii#|f^^nM)i;i 
friends enkindled ; but, alas! herRi»yal ii)g4fn«fc^ 
had to contend agfainst ail the pQwer. aiid'aJl'^Kft^ 
wtallb,and all the ittflaiMiM of thetAmlga^ai^ v tRffi 
^aC body of the people was ddbi«kdij|ii<ttt((||€#) 
favour ; but the people had no naeans of t^Q^ft^ 
hot fipm thoiiaodfl^ol fa^r fHpraepntOM. y bo Wii«^ 
aft« agad tbe pewoe to ini«repi«slai«wvei^yt4iiii^nf[fcei 
^^ or did^ ai^ €0 palliate, excuse, aM dK§fba4' 
w^h^vj^^wia dene to her prejudice., yi^^^'iii^;^^ 



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883 

ever, was the dismay with which they wefe*ill^li^ 
OQ reading in the Mornirig Chronicle 0/ We<}ne^^ 
cfay, the 10th of February, the following Leiteir''^ 
the Prinem of Wales to the Prince Regen T'^ 

•'Sir, » ! »\'nf\ 

> It'ift willr gread ^ifclntteiicc^ thai I prttmae Id obtr«4# ^fSfi^ 
ly^n^^oor Royiil Highness^ and to aoUeH y oar attention to matters, 
wbich vo%jt at.first. appear rather of a personal than of a pu1[>lf<i' 
natore. If I oootd think them . so— if they relat(Nl mereljr in irf^^ 
MtfOii'vliatiid ahilain from a proeeediiig which migH giVrf tVM^n 
ff^itp^ or iotemipt the more weighty ocoopations of yoor Royal 
Highnesa's timf;, I skiouid continue in silence and retirement, to 
\€%i the life which has hpai prescribed to me, and eonsdir myself 
^ IK^ loss if that ioeiety; and those donBstie oomfert% t(» wftMi, 
\ have Who so lo^g a stranger, by the reflection that it has been 
deemed proper I should be afflicted without any fault of my own-^ 
and that your Royal Highness linows it 

'^ But, Sir, there are oonsiderationvaf a bighemcture thaa«ay 
te^aid to myowa happiness,, which render this address a daty 
both ta myself and my daughter. 

** May 1 venture to say— «a duty also to my husband, and the 
^opte'committed to his care P There is a point beyond whtch 
g^HMss 'WOioaa eaanot with safety carry her fovbearaime. If her 
hofi^nr is iuvaded, the defence of her reputation is 00 longer a 
matter of choice ;. and it signifies not whether. the attack 6e made 
openfy, nianfilliy, and directly— or] by liecrei insinuation, and by 
Mifdtng^siioh tMindDOt towards her as cOBBtemno^ all the iespih 
dmmntbat h|ftliee cait suggest. If these ought to be the feetJn|;f 
<^^efy woman in England who is conscioin that she deser? es no. 
reproach, your Roy at Highness has tooso^nd a judgment, and' tAB ' 
itttV r i/^ht of Ifaoiioar, aoi to perosive, hew mach wiore JfaaUy/ 
thaji belong b> the Mother of your Daughterv-4be Mother jf l|er , 
idm if destined, 1 trust at a very distant period, to reign over tbe^ 
British Empire. > ' * 

'^^'It may be knoWn to your Royal Highness, that, dvrhi^ ftit 
dml^if9mci tof that fpltietimia vpen y^MiroDyalAuthprityj Ipoipoi^t 
I|,jf^||aii\e4 from inaking any representations whidi anight then 
augment the painful difficulties of your exalted station. At the 
esfijalieh of tlie reslrii^ons I «tiH was tndiiiedW delay MSii^* 

17. 3 c 

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S86 

iMi Hmifi'm the hop^ Ibat I might ow« ttto reiireaB I aoogbi to 
V^grAddtfS' and iimioKtIlod condesoeosioa. f have waited 1t( 
jHiefoM'iitdtilgenee of this expectation, until, to my inexpressible 
mc)ftifi\6atron, I find that my unwillingness to complain has oi^Iy 
f^uic)^ fresh igrounda of fconiplaint ; an<f I am at lengtV cdii'.' 
pelted either to abandon all regard for the two deareftt obje^tii 
^^b^ I poftteia on earth* mine own honour and my beloYed Child, 
ik %6^ikifQW myself at the feet of your Royal Highneifiu the imtuM 
f^Mfeetomf both. 
'^^ IpreMiroe^'Sir, to represent to yonr Royal Highaesa, thai 
t^y reparation, which every succeeding month is malcing- wider, at 
HH ttothet «Md the Daughter, is equally injurioas to my chajact^c 
ftud to her e^uoation. I say aothing of the deifjf wounds which 
M>-cmel at ad^ngement iafiicts upon my feelings, althoogb I 
tN«ld fai» hope that few persons will be found of a dispositioii to 
thiiik lightly 6f these. To. see ipyself cut off from one of the 
very lew domestic enjoyments left me, certainly tine only one upoh 
which I set any value, the society of my Child, involves me iji 
SQch misery as 1 w^ icMW your Royal Highness could never 
ktfict upon me if yon were aware of its bitterness. Our inter- 
course has been gradually diminished. A single interview wqehly 
aeerited sdidently hard allowance for a Mother's affection.-:- 
Yhaty however, was reduced to our meeting once a fortnight; ani 
1 no^ tenra ^at even thm most rigorous interdiction is to be ttUB 
mora rigidly enforced. ' 

** But while I io not venture to intrude my feelings asTa mothet 
upon your Royal Hlgfanesa's notice, rn^oil be allowed to jkaj^» 
lAidt ih Uie eyes of an observing and jealous world, this septiratmi 
of a dtoghter from her molher wfll only admit of one consinu^fiH^ 
-^a construction fotal to the mother's reputation. Your Riojffl 
mghneflii will also pardon me for adding, that there is no Im'iii^ 
-ijtosistency than ii^ttstice in this treatnmnt H^ who Hk^ Itf- 
vUe your Royal Uighiiesa to overldok the eVidtoee of iijf imHl- 
Wice, and disregard the sentence of complete ac^mflal whtob' fc 
l^roduced-^-or is wicked and iTalse enough still to whisper suspidtcUk 
ih your ear, betrays liiiltluty to you, 8ir, to yoai* DaugUer^'atid 
to your People, if he douiYscAa yon to peroiif a day to pasii n^Miwttt 
a Jhrther iuvestrgatieii of my* conduct. !' knww ttiat no' sd^ti 
oalomniator vHII vinhire to recommend a measure which WtlSt 
apUMRf Ml' in his utter confusion. Then let the' in^f^ yoo 



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387 

to refleict, 9n Uie titoalion in wbiek.,1 aib placed; witlUNi^ ihn. 
shadow oftL charge againet nae— ^wilhoaMl evflii an aQc«l^iT''«fter 
Htt loqairy that M to my ampje f indj«flpoa<^^et trealedt fm if i 
wer^ still more qalpable than the peq'uriea m( mj siiboi[ii^dT^an 
ducers f^preeeoted me> and beld up to tlie vorld as » Ji^ltife^ «h^ 
ii|ay not ei\J3y the aocifely of ber only Child, .(,!', i 

;" The feeIiBga».Sir, which are natural t» my uoexanpie^ iiiW 
atjofi^ might justify ,ipe iu the graeioaa judgmeat of y^qr :l^yaJt 
IlighDeee, had I no other motives for addressing you hjpt jffif^M 
xelBjie to myself. 9uJk I will netdisgnise from )«wr fijoya^^igh- 
oess what I cannot for a moment conceal from my/iel^ thai ^ 
serious^ and it soon may be^ the irreparable injury whicl^ i)i|gi 
Paugliter sustains, froip the plan at present pursued, has iilprfe 
more iq, overcoming |ny reluctance to intrude upon your. Royji) 
Highness than any sufferings of my own could accomplJQili 9 and 
if for her sake I presume to call away your Royal Higbneas's 
attention from the other <^es of your exalte<l station^ I feel con- 
fidenl^ I am not claiming it for a matter of inferior imporlattoa 
oilber to yourself or your people. 

. " T|>e powers with which the CoBStitotion of these realms f ittta 
y4wr Royal Highness in the regulation mi the Royal Family* I 
know, because I am so advised* are ample and unyeationable* 
Jd;f appeal. Sir, is made to yoar excellent aeuae and li|>efal4ft,y>f^ 
/pind.in the exercise of those powers; and I willingly hope thai 
your own paternal feelings will lead yea to excuse tbe anxietg; pf 
Hfl^f). for impelling sae to repvesent the anhappy eenseq^eaees 
ijfj^jclji the present system mnat entail upon enr beloved ehild* 
^^^ " is it po^Uie*.9ir„ that any one can hafa attempted tojffVt 
sqade yo.w' Reyal Highness, thai her eharacter will not be injured 
.h)(.t^,p^rpetu^^iole^cepfierail to her strongest affectionsrHtlie 
i^^i^i^\^e t^ken ta estrange ber from my society, and e^ep^ 
.^^^ ^1 . cquMnamcation hstween as P Tbst her lave for, og^ 
ifith whom, by his MajestyV wise and gracittnaarrangemeoMi^s^ 
passed the years of her ehildhood,, never can be exAingnisled,^! 
vr^H^now ; and the . knowledgie of ii fofwa the grei^testi bte^q^ 
qf uiy^,e^a^«<^« ^tt^ ^^ '■A<^ isH^re yonr Royal Highiies^ ff 
1;^^, hokW inevit^b^y all atten^pta ta abate this aKachfue^^^ ^ 
fogjibjjji aei^aUng us, if ^bey suiweed, asust iaiiii;e.my,{e)ii)d;ji 
.prW^»pl«fhr>^)tbfi>..feiU wust destroy lier happincm» - - ., ,,,'y 

" f^e plan of excluding my Dangbter from a>l inAercQivfllJlv^^ 
3c2 



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388 

Ibe worii, appekre to ray hum We judgment peculiarly onfortniml^.'* 
She who IB destined to be the Sovereign of this great coonlry, 
enjoys none of those advantages of society vhich are deemed 
necessary for imparting a knowledge of mankind to persons who 
have infinitely less occasion to learn that important lesson ; and 
it may so Ytappeii, by a chance, which I irn&t'is very remote, that 
she sboqid ^ cadled npon ta exereiae the pawera of the Crown, 
with a|i eicperienoe irf t\m .world more confined than that of the 
most private individual. To the extraordinary talents with which 
she is blessed, and which accompany a disposition as singularly 
amiable^ frank, and decided, I willingly trust much ; but beyond 
a certain point the greatest natural endowments tan not struggle 
ag«ifisi the disadvautages'of circumBtaiices «>id situktfon. II tv 
i^y. earnest prayer^ for her •wn sake a^ well af liercountty-aj that 
your Royal Highness may be indiR-ed to pause before IhM point 
be reached. 

** Those who have ndvised you, Sir, to delay so iobg the period^' 
of wiy Danghter'a conuMDcing her uitareoarse witk tfaciweiM^md' 
for ^bat p^irppse to make Windsor her repidence, appear not to 
have regarded the interruptions to her education which this ar- 
rangement occasions ; both by the impossibility of obtaining the 
atiendaiiee of proper teachers, and the tinMutiavoidably eonsomed 
ui tilt freqaent jonniies to town, which ahe oiuat make, unlets she 
is to beseclfjded from all intercourse, even with your Royal High- 
ness and the rest of the Royal Family. To the same unfortunate 
boutkaels I ascribe a eircumstance in every way «o diatresttittghott 
to my faeental and religiooa feelings, that my Aaogliter. haajniver 
vet eiyo^ed the benefit of Confirmation, althoagh abpve a,.j^ 
/older than the age at which all the other branches of the Royal 
Family have partaken of that solemnity. May 1 eamestiy ci&tf. 
jMfe'yoa, Bit, to bear npy entreaties^ upon thta seriWua nntter^ twAt 
j^gofifhpnld liBten to ottier adyiam on thingairf Iea9.i|ear c^* 
.eerument to the wellare of onr child ? . r . , 

^^ ^' The pain with which I have at length formed the resotuUohof 
tttdr^sking tnysetf to'yt>ar Roy^l HiglmeBa k <odi aft I* shA^td'^ln 
, If i«tii|t«i9f t to exprw^v if I could Adeqiiat^y ilesQAbe.' HI ydv 
, mjfiht be enabled. Sir, to estimate the stjrenyth ^ tba iJV^^V^s 
'which have made me submit to ft. They are the most powerful 
'^Vyelfngs of affection, and the deepest impressions of duty /tJ^lMs 
,TfimMoY»\ lUghnes^ ay bskwed CfaikI, anditbeCemnrftj^liiiih 



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380 

I d^voally boipe 8he maj be preserved i to, |{oyern^ attd to shoyr bj a. 
new^i^ample the liberal affection of a fcee and generous j^eoote to^ 
a virtooiia and consiitotioiial mouareh. * 

"l,ain« Sir, with profound respect^ and an attachment wjiicrr 
BothiDi^caD a1ier» , . , ,,y^.,j 

.Yonr Boyal Uighn^safa most defoted fj^id... /, ,., t, 
. ' ' '. aflfcUonale concord coaain and safajieot> -. ii 

(Signed) CAROUNE LOUISA. 

** Montague Hotiie, 1 4th Janoary 1 813." - 

Tbis letter^ as soon as it was written^ was trans- 
QiiUed to liorcl ,l«iverpool and Lord Eldon, sealed, 
by liady Oharliott^ Campbell as lady in waiting for 
the 'torrent month, accompanied with an intimation 
of her Boyal Highp^ss.'s pleasure, that it should 
be presented to the Prince Regent. An open copy 
of the letter was also sent to those two noble lords 
for their perusal. 

On the following day» the 16tb of January, 
Lord Liverpool returned the letter unopened, with 
his lordship's compliments to Lady Charlotte 
iPiaixipbelL Her Royal Highness, however, was 
net to be repots^, by this insult; for, naostassur- 
T^W, a most gross insult it was. Accordingly, on 
j(i)(^ .,16th, the letter was again presented to Lord 
JUverpool, with a note from Lady Charlotte Cainpf- 
betr, intittaating, that as it contained matter of icA^ 
.portance to the state, she relied on its being. 'l0,Kt 
J^QT!^ his Royal Highness* Will it, haw^yer».<be 
ubelfeved, that it was again returned nndpewed, 
*'1*ft!i the Earl of Liverpool's compliments, say i% 
^.tib^t.the Pr]i>pe saw no reason to depart frqin !^s 
'iilfitefmiiiation. Her Royal HighdesB, however. 



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3©Q 

with more patience and perseverance thiin nmally' 
feM to the lot of luiman beings, once more directed 
the letter to be sent to his Royal Highness^ together 
with another letter, addressed to the (wo oobie 
lords, expressing a hope that their lordships would 
not take upon themselves the responsibility of not 
communicating her letter to the Prince, and that 
she should not be the only subject in the empire 
whose petition was not permitted to reach the 
throne. 

To this just intimation, no answer having been 
returned, on the 19th, her ]B.oyal Highness com- 
manded another letter to be written to the tw^ 
noble lords desiring to know whether her letter had 
been made known tp his Royal Highne«;^ by being 
read to him, and to know his pleasure thereon. To 
this very reasonable request also no answer was re- 
turned ; and, therefore, on the 2dth of January, 
this most insulted and outraged Princess, directed 
another letter to be written, expressing her surprise 
that no answer had been given to her applici^tion 
for a whole week. 

At length an answer was received, stating thj^tf 
in consequence of the demand of her RoyM Higli* 
ness, her letter had been read to the Pripce ^eg^enfj 
on the. 20tb, but that his Royal Highness had q^^ 
been pleased to express his pleasure thereon. 

ithe Queen's birth-day, about this time, was 
celebrated by a grand Drawing^Room, and jt was 
very generally expected that the Princess Charlnj^^i; 
of Wales would be. presented by her mothier. Tb$ 



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391 

Drawing-Room, in consequence, was unusually 
crowded ; but to the surprise and indignaliop xjf 
all the best portion of the community^ this circum- 
stance did not take place. 

Soon after this, Sir Francis BurdetC, in the 
House of Commons, made a motion to provide a 
Kegency, in case of the death, or the incapacity, 
of the present Regent. The honourable baronet, in 
the speech which he made on that occasion, said, 
that he wished to guard against any future recur- 
rence to those unconstitutional means which had 
been so lately resorted to in the appointment of his 
Rojal Highness the Prince of Wales. He con^ 
eluded by saying, that he wished the factions might 
not ha?« the power to fill the throne by whom they 
pleased, and under what authority they pleased. 
The motion, however^ was lost; but whilst the 
enemies of the Princess, through the medium of 
one or two of the daily prints, were congratulating 
each other, and flattering themselves that they 
should be able to stifle all farther inquiry into the 
affairs of the Regent, both within and without 
doors, they had yet to endure greater mortiflca- 
tkms. It was to little purpose, indeed, that they 
hinted at '' a dreadful responsibility soniewhere.^^ 
for those persons who had advised the publication 
of the Princess's letter. They even plumed them- 
selves In not having any share in bringing the^ 
brrcumstances before the public eye, implying, of 
ciaurse,'that they should have no share in the punish- 
ment. In fact they not only t^ked of a second 



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392 

4^al j' iMit wmi pcpesoti^ ^ hint«d« •aft''iiparttnbiitet|l|«iL 

paring Id the Tower ! They imagititfd;* tbM ^tll 

inq^ltV oil thepftrfof'Sir Francis Burdett bad 

been. quashed by the loss of his jpifHion,. Qpe„if bich 

ibM.l^m ao^wnced by the Honoiirabla Coohraiie 

^Jdbflstone would share the satnefAtei 'N^tHd 

^'tfi^"^'* once in^agine that the Fi*ipcess, who ;t\^ 

already appealed tothePrinpe a,n^ tb^itpia^pkiiiP 

the letter she bad foblodiedi. .wq»ldf'iij^n«L)6^ 

foi\V4ed» .itnd appeal to the Parliament itself. To 

their infinfie confusion, however, on the 2nd of 

March, 1813, the speaker acquamte4'^he^iaouse, 

.that during the* sitting of t)ie Ufmiie tb^ (|ay l:)^(^, 

hi» bad received a letter, addi^ssed lo knu^ fNirpM»- 

ing to be from her Royal Highness, the PrincefMltlf 

Wales. The letter bore no dati^, nor finy ^Qf^- 

«tpre; aodi from making inqttiry.o£tbe;door-ke^per, 

he learnt that the person who delivered it wa»^iin^ 

Ivuown to him. He thought it his duty, therefolf^, 

iq take BO step upon it, or to nptify ittqtm mtf^ 

until he should bear further* from tbat^illiislvkibs 

pei'sortage, or until he had authenticated ihiiUS^ 

tp! be wk^t it prqfessed ;. a^d hpRe^.^i^^i;:^!^]^ 

this respect was justified, in not then throwing^MMf 

impediment inth^ way of the prddeedfti^^idif tlie 

^Qus^. , Hewastfaeji, however^ en'fibled to^sta^ 

tkat^be.kttor had .beep aiit^iitiipatf d } f»»dnbWJM 

titeleave of the Home, he-woohi^then MsMl^lettdr 

which he had that day received from h^^'TSBS^ill 

f^lSk^mw4^tedi the; Jst pf M^cpb, ,4(8^1,^^1 ,,.,^l)jf 

House, by loud cheers, and cries of ** remd*i rttid^u 



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jfgnMed Kfi atseM, ttnil tbe apmker>4ioeord|fi^ky 
<r#ad as foll^wa : . •• ).:uuui 

' l^-^ • <: M ... Montague H^ffif^filaoL^tt^ 

,,, . .„, ,,. 2nd March, 1813. * , 

*•• TftBTrirlccM of W^cs begs to iii/orm'itfr/Speakeii^fi'aVbv 
her: ^irn* 4estre;- ijs'^etf as in consequence of the a^Vltfto' (A*^«4r 
W|n«^f^« yffW«lwrJnw>8ipilt€(| to him a^tter, iUe ^H\et\\^}^( 
whicb^8|i6wasanxi9M»,«hould he made knowii,.to the Hous&pf 
CommoQs; and with that view, h^r l^yal Highness now cncfoses 
*ere4«l»r ittfujlrfliate of that letter." ' ''' ' ' /V -J^-nU 
^ rnfEhrfialloWibg^ is a' tnie Copy !--«<. ; v J ;t 

o'l .'Ms'4f jr. wi:. ' ^ MmtagucHi^t, Bt^kkAiU.' 

'If* i-y^ ^;'; fio . . » b^itfarcA, 1813. ' ;lt 

'yi^E Miyseu of Wales informa Mt«.^aker, tM «l(e 
|W,^W«*V^ Ijrpu^ the ]ix)rd Viscount Sidi^onth, ^ cp|iiy of a 
•lt^oi*t<iAM^^ hid Royal Highness the Prince Regent, by a 
<serlKiiiM|fi|bn4f ike'sNunbers of his Privy CoaDcil, td^l&>ai U 
^p^ Ikal hj/i t^yal Higkaess bia « been advistd to refer flo 
ooiM^der^^ffiPi 9/ d^cuipiei^U^ and ol^er eyjd^iHic^ 4^n#MA& fifr 
ct^trso^r and conduct. 

^ The BifMrt is of sueh a natare, that her Royal Highness feeh 
peraqp^, ffo^^eiaoa i»A rea4 U wUhoal cQosM«tiii|f ib as coavey* 
»^ ytf!^^^ ■?<>« *>^.» p ^ «* t*»<>«g^ *Wr vagoeae«i j^ndcm H 
iiipoMihie to d^iscover precisely whs^t is oi^ant, or eyen what siio 
Jia^'wU charged with ; yet, as the fVincess foels conscioos of no 
ts§6m^w/f^Ugtw, she thinks it due lo herself, to the iliustriofs 

||jQs,]iri|^ larhkh %\m is coiniMUd, bf blood <aiid byjdarrifig^, 
i(0 tt^e^ple, araoilg |F|;oin ^^^ hol#/B9 diAtigtlHifH hV^^> 

fttfwQafdsde for a mbnient, in apy impntation affecting' hqr 

i©orrr/M-;rf- '. * .• . ^ 

o.iY fS^eSrifl^^ of. Wdbs has not t^i permiHed to kaow optm 

Ej^Sj^y^n^ M^ nwsMfcers^: Uie Privy .Cou|M^.ipro^^^d^ s|iil 
to (e Ward in her defeace. She kfiew only by c^mrodli 
rnrsMffibahiqJkrSeiivhieli they bave^beea barrylag on, un^d 
lk«l9biiitM tJ«osr iiMrffis w^s 4i#iiNminidale4 to h«r,.as>k&bas 
ff >WP-fW ^f i^V**fw,^MI^^ moR*Bt»aole4 a^.f ;Wy- 

to JUiich she cap af^et^I ior r£tdre^.s, at least for a hearing ; or only 
wlbeir in^ivtSna)' capacities as persons selected to nH&o a Rapm 

17. 8p 

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394 

^ '* tile PriQceas is tWi^fiire edntpdlea to throw li^fMlfii^'tte 
iriidMn nid |iiiUfl^ •( FBrliMnenti ami tQ desire that tha (fU^af 
inveiiligatioii laay |>o uiatitut^d of her whole conduct daring the 
period of her residence in this country. 

'• The Princess fears no scrotroy, Viowever strict, provllW^life 
a^VWar9^(l by isl^anial judgta, inown to the C^nstiiatioi^ a^d 
i^iJ^bfw itfid open laaaner which the law of the land pre^ribe^« 
Hec opljy desire is, that she may either b^ treated as innocent or 
proved to be gailty. ♦ - , ■ 

' ^the Princess deiir«a* Mr. Speaker to atibomdicat* thi4 'letter 
ti^thnHottaeofCoflimoaf/'. . ,^ ni* ,., 

* '^bese coinmunicatiori4 cff^a^ed .ai..vpf)(, gm^ 
lienilatidn io the House; aod, afU^c^a qptist^erAbl^ 
fMUBe^'Mr. Wkitbrettd rose, ainl tobs^nfeditiutVbe 
had ^raited in the hope of s^eingf somei honougible 
tnember^ more cDnopeteot tb^n bimself rise^in .his 
place, and make some {MrpppsUifOHi tp )Ji^ SoMfie 
a^onrtbitt «bi<!h the speaker ha4j0siraoiiiii}u|^ieated. 
But' he felt it to be a subjed.of such importance, 
tvM only to the iHostrious personage immediately 
dineemedy bdtto other pefsoos^^ afi rfgMdii|g.4ie 
abare they took in the transaction ;.biit a^>qi^ all, 
of the titmost importance m i'^arding i,h^ nation 
fli ifi||rev that it wasihoDqwHsiblei^iieh a^jco«piil^^ 
CfMieniwottldbe mwfe tetbe Houte^iian^ l^^0^^t^ 
topasci tti silisnce. He Uafd waited uulaLheiniifr^jjte 
^Meidrd opposite .^Oaaliereagh)Jabbiia fdnoeyn^ 
^ai'Mbto ikonl ^was one qf tbefcmifidentiahllniiMt^ 
Wvtbe a^owh tvl^ea th6 Be^&; \Mt^h (iQrigiaa% 
ddkMiiiatd.tbe. /cmisld^^iMi jo^.bi^^il^^ Vi«m;|- 
^ /ditfi ^aetikilpliikidwt ffae ftep^ar;4istii|e<«fi#ie 
CabidetOonncil. l^e bad waited until^he'Sif Mr i that 
dioltlelord iit hia place who stood idrtb^' pAdttiiar 



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mUMion^thiBn^ «Ar the . coit^jjIqq^I a^vi^ .^ the 
%HiMrn ; Und ds-ifie noble looAiiotv filled iiu^imtM 
siluatibn, as one of the cohMkhVM n^inisCei^^thls 
opofmo, tjieiy>b]ie lord must hav^ been oi^'^i^l 'itiii 
wembefs of that FriyyCooiioil^Mrhoi^ tfiekHWUMT 
had been lately referred. He had fvait^ed, timt^iftlre^ 
till he saw the noble lord in his place : anid fte fiM 
ilrither waitec^y before b«^ros0'ta addr/es&.tlie^^liair, . 
in the hope, that the noble lord wnold httKdimlKk 
Uttdi^ propositioi^ to the Hou^ on thiiijBo^.idi|;or- 
lkh€>Btrij}«Hjt^; bliC|)^rceiiriDg neither the noblnfatr^ 
'tibi^%ny^oth'^hbn<nirabte member, iikriinad tAxiac^ 
he beg^g^ed lea^e to ask the ft^Ue lord, whether r it 
wa9or was notbi^ iniedtioi^ to.oall the ottenticmof 
tbe' Home Oil Ibeffi subjeet. 
' L6td GaNUei^eagli then rose, ttod said^ kcmdifB 
tmportaMe find delfOtfcy of the Mbject^ andj/klfe 
Ihitfirter in which it wan 4o«Mnaiiicated .to iim 
lioe^e,*be litd tiot feel himsielf caHed upofn^toiMka 
lihfyopmposAlioii to the house;; the more ei^ciaiij^ 
'Mian hohoiirable member had fixed the day laftio: 
toxwonrow^fol' a^motion^to which this kUejr ajffiew^ 
^^iBr^qj^yL^ilie^erefcffe did^iiDnbihiok iL jnrawMy 
4teirimrtbin*ei<eiek. WhalA^er might b^ tba^«r 
^rtaabip eir delioatgf eC ibeita^Meth^p^of Iwbicltitb^ 
>hMMmMeitnetaiberhad gfiMii notieewit iMiiidiiilt^ 
^Iwiispen fat«i/(£ioit^6aslh9rei^^ tha nweaiitylof 
-giriinf ^^fiiile^iplfllnMitm ^^ aild9(mili^.ih«t;tinM:did 
^fMriter'to fell-be(i0l|oirtd bmrfiil^.his dutjFfiby iiot 
tadtieipatirig anytpMeeedifigitpon thembjeetiror 1 
'/nIMrir Whillirtod observed, that the bonbo^dble 

3d 2 



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^hiliUt'MAfee WM'Mt then ih tM Bdlnpi/JNiki 
Hribhe^s 4lV^ Prlh«e|Hi ^ W«l<i*v :H iitght M 

hbmiiwiiHie ^geMlemdn tmd tcMd^ti Koncinwice 
i»ttkt:4fae 'iridheB'^ Jier BoynMlJ^bneflrf; awl 'ft* 
mlg^llft h4 e^pedioM ttfEtt |Im» hoobwciaUe gfentkrhidktl- 
(ilifwld itiforni the Htfu$e *u(>on ^vfkkt grotm^ :br 
pf^Q^edl^ whether wilb or wiUiM^ any coDo«tu> 
Mnefe«i the part ef ^lef.Aoyftl Hifg^hfiess tfae-IVifkiw 
€M» «f 'W&let ; . and»« t^nef^^ -to tihagtoed 'llife 
House would 'ftel it^expedient to qiabe ^r AoytsI 
Highnesft^scottiriMinicatiotifebei^roiindirof subslian-t 
tiV<i consideration — but, lifi the* 'iffl.seiice* of the 
hottoorable gfdndeman, it '%v«s .iuipdttfllyle for -the 
Houeeto^eometo any tIe&Aite tondMioft; • 
:• ; Here «fae mMter^ for thfti time, dropped. Ijiir^ 
40ftRfkreagh left the Hotase, and, %i' a ^ery short 
time, the treasury benches were Srlmoi/t eiytii^y 
desehrtfed. !: I 

T MiiT'EMyHl fiigfhiiess, at^thelhne irfie WMte M 
the spelter dfihe Roufire of Goiniiioiis, Wrvtte'jflm^A 
jNMifairlMter't^theldrd-dhdficeitor; biit his idnlibip 
fconeeiv^d % «o be his dutV to witfaMU It <Mdk «fA 

^ ' Um^n^MM^iMn lordshiik rcftirned iieitiil*yi4 
•HtghiiM^V kttte^ «i«h a hM^^ slfatirfg^ ftlMitJMfc 
l0rd$Jlip found himself under the li^^ceMty t>f.reti]rri. 
;ing. t^e 'Mter of her .Royal iiighnMs^ whiuh««lte 
<* ibought it Ills duty to advise the Princess, 4ram 



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clNMlidaMlkinMf fntpri<<lyHut «eN «> k$Mf, tvttttm 
iitforlffatiM, iHiiith<«i> kj.mtBiHgMt4i«i «lf«'>jMilMi: 

olN»idDltoivmc|Mra>ltoj|p hef ^eat mr^iw til todi4li« 
omlMr <btK*tigi|watirteh of :ht» leW^, p*rde«h> ri y » «» 
totbfe care for h^ fttfttf which bis lordship affe«lMl> 
toifoia, ^uJswiiigi Mm IhMt Iw t^sdl be tttid^ att^'Aps- 
pMbetoiWi Hfe Ihitt «4Jb(Mknt, H «« tte CSdnrtMAid» 
and'ilawfe «f JDngbhd «m« ber ibAigWrA.'? • Ii«» 
hiter txtilcisdifl iiy gi^ini^ bw kMrdthipotD URichMu^ 
Mand, that «« iitan, he# iU]i«ii HiglMeR»ietL. 
pcUftd t» rMeirnd.** :iUM» tttteft f a>d> Um,- iiMpt 
whdBwigoedbgr hM lonbUftinhib olMiraolferitf «Kl 
ofilfae pnry «oawtiI." ^k: #eU>-teeiitflat»irf|Mrb«f 
ha<l,<lbf a itmes «U ^pMipsr efibet } but it iHimt^ 
iMOMih^imiMr t)Odifa)iftAiM«iiBli<lo be laM before 
Hifr fiMBe<}f IjMdtv M it oag>lM to hftve fofacii^ .v 
q.^Ilbe 4*fa or<M«A, 1««8i «U appohitiid'ferMil 
rCMwaie J4iww»Mitfg «aolilc>n « the fli»bak><idf 
Commons ; and so great wai tlie tniiMsl ekciM^lii^ 
it^jkbUt, at*n vti\y hovki the gtfll««y!of «fae BMkse 
■wii» «oempliBtdy -telleA, «» ^ireH h^ all tfite avl^^b 
kwlbig-to it. ^ The 'eonfusion -crenttfd- b^ n^i^ lit' 
jlim«tid» of 4he public ieeliiig, catR«e«l't|kie sf^ifaM' 
>(»; order (^ gaUerf iie \te ctearH bjr 4^ Mij^eut at 



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«St8 

^i^.'V When ')^Me Imn} in- seme measane IMM 
Mmotffidi Wti JohnllldM «rdM 4br' tfie ^urposei^ 
mi(Kii^tiMs rti0t(odi when be Wttii ittCefrapMd h^ 
Mri^tiy^i^. who iiUBieilial^ly kiio^d the standtug 
4^ti^fklM 8tf attg^rs^^e wifeNhmw^ anil th^ gfi^i^ 
IM^ ag^ato dettreid* Muny peers who faad^fidieri 
fMi«^^'«<IM| nodef the gallery weri^aUo exeMed) 
IHlis'^Uiictt^ted tneaanre CMsed^ MuHewxm ti 
Moi^ftb'kmiiedtato'Uil^urAiiieiit} Md Mjr* Johti«^ 
stdid deelhied to make his promised ^ttiotbftfr ; ^hM 
fesdl^ed bis right to bring it forwtfrd on^a filtMi^ 
day. • . . • /'^ 

Mr, C. Wynne then pot a question to LcMT 
OaMlereegb, requesting to know whether it was 
tbi^ inttintion of his Majesty's ministers to fomKt 
any^TOceeding on the letter of her Royal Highness 
the Princess of Wales to the speakeir. • 
. To-thrfs Lord Custilereagh replied, that be sheiitd 
grve the bononraUe gentleman the same answer he 
had i given to Mr. Whitbread'; tbat whenever IM^ 
question was brought regularly before the BfoUs^/ 
he would gite whatever explanatien might bi^^cf^ 
^titred of him» consistent with his own senb^^of 
duty, on'that snbfeot ; but he did ndt thiftii H M 
the duty of mtni^ters to found any mearare dnf^lKK* 
R6(Ur ^ her Royal Highness. ^ -^-^* *I 

Mr; Wfaitbread said, that whatever UieytiftiifW 
tbitiki he felt nit to be a duty which ministers o#M 
to^the Prkieess of Wales, to that Houiie, to #bi<^ 
she bad appealed, and td the country Ht iM^^/fi^l 
givo'a ftrfl and ample eJ^planation 6f all these {(rd^ 



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id»9 

^fi^nga !whwh, ^h»A creatod tb».ufiQfmty of 4^ 
app^« Ho patticuJlftrljr «l»|«4 thut i\m dn^^MW 
the moi^ iiiGHinb^nt upoa fbem^ na b^ loiafidifbjlrll 
toporu wbioh cookl no Iciigor. be.k^pt 9€^jt,;jMl 
U mat publisbeclt and professed to Ite Hidfre^lhiy 
tMrenly-lAiro menibecsi of the privy coqQqi|f tint 
tbotte^ proceedings lAvolved her 'Royal iligb^fssf .^pi^ 
FriMMs Chaiiotte^ aiid.tfae mort impprtunteiffih 
tenesto of the atate,* so as, in fact, t^ pnecluck^dtU 
ioMrcQurse betwae^i her fioyal. Highness. the Fffi^r 
qefliof Waleanod her Royal Higbjoiess the Priaqpyis 
Charlotte* . This was a decision and a proceedii^g 
wbidi every one mustifeel to be highly derogf^ry 
tp ber Rpyal Highness tbe Pdnoess of Walef ; lynd 
Ibat, ia fact|. it ampunted to a^ condemnaiiafii 
against > which ehe had appealed, to that- Hfn^q^ 
and, through that House, to the whole coiiqtryy 
^hicbt from its characteristic generosity, f^p)d.'f^^ 
of justice, would expect to be perfectly satwfie^^ 
that full justice, had been done her, as her appeal 
to Jthat House was founded upon a total ignor^ce 
of aay proceeding upon the subject whatever. . , 
;. With, respect .to tbje nqble Ipfd (Casf^qe^gb) 
B|iV Whitbre^ said it was partiqaliarly incnmbf^l; 
ufpafhiiOi to render the qtEiQst,^9|>)fiqation pop^bj^^ 
It was a duty which b^ ofw^d to '^bf Hpqise^ f^ 
tftftbfkstateji he^oaiMfii/^ yi^ known that h)s'lof^ip 
^a^.aoaeaiberfof th^t a4Qai»istratiQ0, ^$ ajso^jfi?^ 
iji^^igbA bqoonr«b^.geiitl^9A» Mr. Caaaing,.j«l^ 
k^ ^Dt^red in^ an invesligatioii;9f th^ F^iicftf^ 
ofnWaIe»'«icondii<ckiirtaW«J.a^</ 1J807.; nvbish.inn 



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400 



fMtif n^ti tiidtod to the famoar of tkc PriocMv of 

Wal^» "Md \ra]9a perfect «cqoUUl|--an ai^mttkl 

t>y dMt ot (ll(>se Whose . nsLinm were attach^ 

SlUeMib]^ h^r condlsdn nation ; and, on the utsme 

I^HndfAfts, 'it 9f2Li more ihcuinbeili on the noble 

fbrd (Ctttlere&gk) to reconcile these wide ex- 

ir^fti^8 k'kbe Veralt of two investigatiow, on tb^ 

Atin^'^^%^3«re of evidenee, and Before the aame 

^rtiesl W he Haanifestly stood ^leraonally. jMrol 

ftiidteM> in' great' responsibility, andeil a ino9t e&l 

l^brdinary ^and unparalleled bdmixlore -ol^ lAo^ 

d^cteV, as acctfser and evklencer as jadge ai^ 

accQaer, and alltiiltidiiltely mixed and separated; jbs 

best ftuiied the final issue in vjeW. Pe sb^ot^ 

tticrefore repeat, it Wds ilfosr extraordinary, 4li^ 

•Bfefofe the trifcutial' of ]>oputar opinion, in^a^ ewe 

^ singular, and unprecedented, impUoating/na^ 

ThYoIving the most important interests of the statej| 

as studiously spiedilfted in the EepOrt, that Jb^ 

tordship; as a piMte sdlirant; should hesitate 1(J 

saliify the nalioH, Abd the loud^ calls^orjpi^^^ 

justice, by the most aniple details o^ail-lhe (bvi- 

(detace ^ifrtiich had bfeen taken on a ^bj^ct sq 'im- 

pdttant, 'infoWng thft stttte irfl^^ts, and^tl^e i&a? 

rider bf art llhiStflHoiis itwUvlduKlrf the first'rswi 

;. ^ .: J to 
and station m the empire. - /T 

^ •'♦life House, ITf. WWtbrfead««aied, woutt T^ 

'cdlkfct, sis soon as A« Pi'inegss 6f ^al^^ If & 

^ftsteadfrom^the difair, after a paQs«;«lii^ gn^ 

any other ^m^ber'an opportunity to Vis^,* fiqdfiig^^ 

ii<y^iitrdid so, he tb^^kedlihe noble Im^ Wh'etiier^ 



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401 

* , ' • ' ' * • . -•■;.<.•• 

it wa» bis inl«trtion to nfford the, exj^^ufiitjciffi 

which became ther>* more iiiiti}ediatei| n^eeMmji 

So IbrcifMy did it strike bis mind thai Ute ixomp 

lord woatd be prepared with them, that he coijJc| 

not tbtdk ft pOK9rb(e tliej would be refesod. ^He 

tfien ihoagbt that his Bfdjesty*s mioktetn Wi^l^ 

have inflaenced the House to have institoted 4 

proceediOfgon t)idr appeal of the Princess of Wai^ ; 

Mffd itSronId b^ retoli^tMi, that trith that Wew b^ 

aiHeii .ttpoti th0 hoooarable gentlcfmatt* wfa6se Dio^ 

tion stood for that day» to withdraw it, In order tq 

remove nit inq^ediment of a proeeedrugr on tb0 |tart 

of mmisters. Had that becfin done^ and ifeciDffstefi^ 

Ivad stitt deditied it, he would hftns^lf huve mddtt 

•aeb a pmpositioii, aad bat^ called upon the Hous^ 

(or their sQpport^ i^, under such ebrcudistitrtce^^ h6, 

•boaki have felt it to be bis duty* As it o6 w st6cA 

be wa» still debarred, aa the bonoiirabie get^(ttam, 

(Mr. Johttstone) badf, ifuder the intpidfte of ttr6 

mo^ent^ po^tpoued hi» motiou Hne die. tte C0rt-< 

cinded by sayip^^ tb^it the call upon his' Majesfj^^^^ 

mimsteirs was^ by these eircutUfstancea^ nfCfre b%i^ 

pMati?e than efer to satisfy the natittaf ^f^^n 

tmcMcif thei^^ and theordhr^ry pntfdp\f^\ 

•r justioel ..rini^, 

Not^whhitottdltig' Mr. Whftl^ewd's^v ^ 

cn^^ t^sa^^ Lerd Gastlcfreagh (tilt &t1<rf 

sMtoi^ ill hi» detenvioatioii to m^fiutmu 4d <Adfiffi^, 

•il^^^^ on thisr iufportant subject. Cf^ Mh^Br. 

d^<^^)iie still saw cro rieMm whatever to f^l^g^,^^ 



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408 

seiifithentd lie liad nl^eady aVo^r^ to boA Hhe 
fcbhdtirible getitleteeh opposite. ' ^ .' 'i 

Some coDversatioD, of a desultory natMe, '6elct 
ifu^iiiiS; lifter which it was agmed that Ibe ladtton 
for ^6ciftitu^nt should be withdraapn^$ mid Mrt 
JTohnstone renewed bis notice lipr Friday/ th^iMli. 
drMarcH. ' » v mI 

"'On that day tlie House mei abeorfdiiigly ; -wlieh 
ttr. LygoD, with a pertiniicity aot Tery'cnidiksAK 
to bis feelings or his jodgmeot, agniblnoveiNBb 
standing order for the removal of ^^sCmiger*; i »n> 

Upon this Mir. Johnstone oba^rtfed/ that it Wks 

certainly the privilege, and the rtgiit; if 1ie>aaw 

proper, for the hooonrtible liKMi^r^o^pemst^w 

this line of conduct respecting Ae^Uindiag'oiileris 

of ibe House ; but that Mr. Lygon laboured uivfer 

airdse impression, if he thought tliat any thing be 

(Mr. Johnstone) had to say would be unbecoming 

the respect he had to that House, or incon^isUtait 

with what was due to the feelings of every btab<li 

^of the royal family. » -i 

'"" In the first instance, he tbougbt it a rfuty ;wllteb 

be owed to the Princess of Wa;Ies to deelare,'nfaai 

fie. hfid Received no instructions whatever' frdfat^tSr 

"koya^ Highness on ihe subject, but thiH h^fUMAI 

entiirefy on the impressions and suggestibns 6f^s 

^'iyni mind, wittiout consulting any petion wbalibf^. 

''■' '18 ^as well known; he observed, that; 16 ihe ywtr 

'1§66,' a commission liad been granted by the KSiig 

to four noble lords, Grenville, Spencer, BMdHfe, 



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400 

•ait nienborobg^i to eatamioe into c^rtaipjE^lfeig^r 
tions that bad been preferred afniort the ;Pri,^;K;^ 
of-.Wak& ,, :/ 

< ^JBktbea read the Beport, with wbich tjtie jresidfsr 
isHlr^ady aeqtiainted ; add aftoirward^ proc^^cfded^f 
jKMXe^'ihnk be iKroeld eext read % dpciitfiept,;;w4^f^ 
be was ready toprove, at the bar of that Hou^qj^rwiif 
liMftated by [JUrd* Sidon, JUr. Perceval, ^n^d\t 
SUwgi»fymfrp^ ih^ngh Jigoed by the Priooes^^^ 
iWalesi ThW wa9 the jdsily celebrated an4 f sf^^n;- 
sive letter iik(i»dy gken at length in a recent {>aijt 
trf4lie pntieitt v^lmtate } a .do^nent wUeh barfver 
tMara^Ad^d M ^lai^i; moimmeiit of sound reason- 
mg and most c^eoft argfomentatioo. This lettetf 
hmi^'asit was^jtbedioiiottrable member read throogh- 
eilij atod tbtfa proceeded to. observe, that be ftil|jr 
cODoarred in tjke seiitiments it expressed opontiie 
^object of the coqunissioa ; and he insisted that thjS 
joberge against the Princess of Wales, before tMt 
itytbitqal, by Sir John and Lady Bougras, was 
nothing short of treason ; that if the Commissiiyiers 
J^f4>9W^ :*9 acquit bet Royal Highness ofj the 
j«I»n«^#««^ they, bad. equally the po^ejr tp^cjjo- 
iS»yW J>«w* t>B-a»ked^ what, was the s^teypf^thj^t 
MASff^r where spch a thing ,w&9 f veo (KMsi^m^ P^ 
^MA«a,>be ijnqoired, whi^t becajme of Sir Jo|i¥/ind 
;jUdy Po«gjas ? If h^ were rightly iiiformed,^^^^^^ 
^y persisted in the sanie story— -if all they qruiin- 
^fied.werf sp notoriously false, why werethej^^^t 
cpr^pecnted? . _ , 1; ^, 

The honourable member then went on to remark, 
d£2 

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^Q, tb«r Aidless «l':WalBi. Thw »M Iteifl^ wAn 

4-vJMiv. Jobottpo^ fioooladtd «B..«BcqfetiD>»(tefitl< 
^eJWWVMf^ flrft, » very hmg MapMdn^coatoiAli^^ 
4i«»c)y;(he wiiole of Ibvi&^toti «f llidjOof«ii«M«Mftf 
M laioo^ 'W^ fct» OKI) r4Mooin9 ap«iutb«ili«g«(Jli^ 
of .wMh fi, «oi»iBiHioD| Miti (crwiiitting^ with^Mn 

«f» pr w^y intAr the Mme «|it9e«t. Xto.vMM) 
flWlWA WM for » .VMJaty pf fHfl^ry, frwR^UIQOM 

ji4»f4«4 ^ tlie lioiN>iNr»b|« mww^ i^iftmioaVliif 

nlMed in b>» fiiPl rwoloiMw, •od tbe« ««kitigi;ffr 
M^QB^iniii <» Um fan^itui^cl i|» iliit «IPC(|«i4il||9r 

lion. At>»tt 9v«iit«, M^i<l bwiorfWiip. ttM iofinNiir 
.4i«pi,oaflM(.l« h»v« fimc«id«d •Ui4«'«oiMi4iN«n».;ff(Mii 
4J» Hit IonMh^ '««4*)d Qofti 9<w««»«r«( immiiimf 

n > ttT>ti<r, th a t ihe-Houae^ jKOHld.eBt«r4ai0 miJt^ 
>i;MW»ide«I»t,tb9t tlMfMpfirt^talM ^ i^^ j(h« Jltop^H^ 
;fiVle mover wer/e not at aJt neteabry to re(»4V9>it^ 

j»p|Wrhfimioo aa tO'tht taiecataar to tb«- tbcao^'af 
. Xt^f !^ lungdoms. Th« C^ni m wsioners of 189i8^j^|i^ 
1 tool been conimissioneri) for the trial of th«-BriB<iiaw, 

Initrait privy ov4U4>ellofV. comr»is6ian«r« f^fiuqliiriy* 



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tlMt tb0 Go«nkrioni«€li^i«^«^iiiifM(N«tM«» 

toifcii*M» tiiilWlW t»:<^ 'a|i<M the ikM^ttf 
H^IUiii^fl!X]p)rAwafdtt»idMibti <9fhi« own. Tira t«* 

«0y, «itb mililwir tkii» Aod leg^ lnbite» kud Iwmi 
HbletO'trae* tbemkoit toMwctioti'to'ito at uM M k 
it WM iot « jdillitiMlit ttpm thtf OM(Ubilitifiaf<<C|tt 
witifw a»ty^ telr opMi the iiwMMiiteiHty «Mm 
^ SjMiy Boir^kb's4e«itne»f ; ibr tin twI iiMihtr 
^Vli^vliild* Abu Awtti, ww anjUaeed, and in 

^^|^4M^tbo^«fth«OiMiiiiMthkuMr^irkiiailtiMe»i 

opinion of most of his colleagues now in otBce ; for It n evident 
;««t<M»MiJe«iy's M-|»IMM» i» itn Un>er|]q«Mi>f P«li4iNnMMt« 
t^mi^ded thai the Hpus^ of Conunops, in ^onjuuction, *' co«irae, 

tWrh t)ie Peers, may try ailSiucii hjghc^ character than 'a WfiW*» 
v-o^iWato focKilbar itigh (rfaiopyot far thati vifiBh(M«pvnt(-(«i Sillily 

the same thing ;.anfl that they may " sit in judgment upon the It- 
• iitybf the manners* even of the Queeti hertctf." ' i ''• < "'^' 

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406 

lili|flMjl)B liMtf!iaUm«en« jnftl^tliejv 'apoI«ofl*h,^MI 

«blo^i>f4lt-&B aranatEfeport'iAofhdiwtemse kiulrkeBli 
iiifaiji^i^-? lbe'«dbBa|i»ni fdbliaiiiMtiiw/. jMhP 

' 4itlMi<darf^Bntf dM^iiiDOMde* d£ bHrifiiofiil li«^ 
Bdi|i.'io {•< .'ir/. • ••< ?«'»' i-« .'•i'"»'!r. I>'l'' i' .lioiie 
. r.ii«AiMit t>nideBdovith«11iiK«fa«tarfrt taifeli|H<M^> 
Aiflki s||iB8ah>3wltfMMltuooli<aof tbfe fl^fterUat rifpati 
ofotUMi»ttrmoMi>iiMiipg>tfa>ttk»biiiikt»t»^ihi*i 
hftiut raftnhftd wmtnitMl i^ai^liiaBwaiioiiBiiHgri 
dorifinniDg «h» imqiplial' • Report; JOts' loedriaffr 
had' he .refaired lo'tfato miaut^'of'tbe oo^oH vd 
dititj.«ifafM^ would have diacorwied, that lbi» 
fmy aauncil wfaojisigaed thU attnute, aoungit 
mlmm: «w . fiad hia lavdifcip'a ova Jiaaae, had gone 
paeh farther ia excatpating Hie AiacoM of Wale^ 
lha» «ilfa«r the lout .noble lorda^ ar ihoie meadbaoa 
of -Ilit.Ma^eaty'a oanoc^Mfco^m li807» paaiaawitte 
^(ieaaa. tiieir opmien* . la the fiifeli Miatamwy ohtrt 
witfaalaiding the «ea>piate i«fqnittRl.of l^ar Aayah 
H^ghAMa if owtirt ^ CSoauwaabnan^ ngiiftaiifi 
i»ai^» qaJltliei(«»'ihtno.«hai)gea«tf^pregaaMi9>dR& 
4#liif(Hg^» JMi-tf itjflHNi aoe-.cifme to he-jwuyiwaMiaiMi 
«M|h(M.4o>.4Ki : d»l(il«««^QOtvHllMMtodiag)thi%-i»« 
^HitM^ .fkilded,. itM Itorf! «er# fertl^mA?^itN»9 
f|im«efb<^ffm49irt.'^whi#t^«a)le44frihilt|])fa^|f9(9rft ' 
serious consideration and admonition, and 1m^^^ 
nm<fiWifmt''t^ 90«)d *ttot b» aMl|ie9ted <^ny 
mif^Vj9MraJbil«Ji>ias,. mp4 cpuW'. notiiwellji)^ <|«iiyif(«!il 



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407 

«titibihe]^ bud reaMf (Hi floilMidmtbwmillAfliHi^to 

Se#,rifc is do tb^ readfirViMttlkctmli i<^fe(llif 

^mmUMtact'yiwmt that iter IBc7ia:^gliiMMidiikM 

dfifiirfttdy contvnlict thr terfimoiq!^ iifiJBid|pD«il| 

Qole, amURiiilny LtoycU Mtt^cMnriade ew^rphemksHi 

iSAdy that ihtoir«riilenoe'raitedflii7iMrhKliinii foimU 

ckMob' lh«n that (rf eithav^ of thaDoiqfinrsiedbi 

sucb^ itwoald appear, was the conyiction <^^^im 

^^kahlimfkeat aioikiittralMDd*'tD<«iliiah li(^ 

^ta^h laHoite^; fof the mniillB of • cottnoiV alWirii 

vaMiedte^ HailMij eoafitmatheBieportaf tbe^bitp 

niHilerbAla^ and the opinion af bis Majesty 's ^tleii 

iiMlribeii/* respectiog theDoogiaa perjimef^.^faiit 

dietitaotfyputa it apoitt record^ that ^iM.oihet pkur^^ 

tidillarB of condoet brooght in aMusatMt agaiaMi 

ber Royal Highness^ to which the'charatter al 

aiiminiili^ oai^ be ascribed/ areMtiiiuteriiy'OoiH 

teadicted, or rest uptm eMeueef tif suoh a taiwtei 

and which was giveo under soch dremnstancesi air 

mnfder it, ia the jddgmentof hia Majesty'^ confidbn*^ 

t^iavyaots, undiieffimg o/emUt.^* Thab^is^ikat 

dot/a^aifigle eat of erimindily was pvovod lo^tha 

sdtMiotioQ-of tbeae JMDisMbB, iJord C iisttewfat p 

dndiodiecsl y. Hoaotbad cbidd. his iloidsllip g uaieii i 

tiiiistlf with saying, fliat4i0and*Ms ^dike^^gtmiih 

oftta^Hadi 'i in lik^«atinc)rV«^wUh th^i^' WhsdlMtf 

eMySrtned M llfafi th«4biH^a4blelM-ds«kA tej^tflM^ 

V^^^ ttirfy'^# pf6c«Mli#«th^4lleif^bslrtM»'%Am 



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<ttiiMtl«iMa U> My, it «»y gn^dbubC e^dd be 
MirrlAiiied by kii llmj«Mj*» Mbjectt ob tbitt iii* 
portent a«A d4licM« ^e«lloti^ tome dedaration to 
^ttatoen^ a» to tbe McoettioD/ might aot bMooM 
nM^mkty } but whoo rach. doabti had been so re^ 
poatodly iif|^tived| woiiki it not, be ask^» be 
gWkif 4 aM of weight and authetity to tba etideaoo 
of Lady DetfghiaP If tkm aflidavits of pri^fligMto 
pelMd9 nhetfe thiia to b^ wiiolieaed» where woidd be 
^ e^d.of their tfttoiy tg? ForteuaHy tbeae me^mt 
Wat a i^ase: that oo«dd eKeite so littfe hesitatite^ 
A iDora inoartfMa ptopeaitioii, tbei^ to legislate ois 
|#dy Douglaa'a evidknce^ waa mwret .heard.«^ 
The hoDooraUe awver had conQplamed that no 
proceediags had be^gn tastitiAed against Sir John 
and Lady Douglas, His lofdsUp bad to states 
that the first eabinei distinctly reooannended a re^ 
ferenee to the Iheo taw eflieera ef the crown, to 
eensider of such a prosecution ; and^ if k had net 
been instituted, it did not arise from any doobfc ki 
the mitids of those kw officeraaa U^ the panishooierit 
tfalit would be brongbt down upon the d^frmded 
Had jfwi^ heads of Sir John and Lady Devgiae, 
but it wat freiti a^ meb to* avoid bringjog each 
fOti^fjeto be£are tii^ pabtiQ^ 

^ock W/Sft the answer wh«cb my. Lofid Ca g< t 
reagib ie feported to b»v^ JM^ te» Itie: preMiag 
qfiteiftwm of Hr^ Wbitfar^ndr^ran aaJBrarer that ae^ute 
her Boyai Highness of all guilt, heaps the utneit 
uypfobriuni on |be c^raotens of her degiraded 
^nd jras% accuier^ but whidh artMly evadM aU 



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BJtawf^ tu tlie {^Qit j^iHt •' f^mfid at hf those irkia 
tealonsiy wpooned the caiuie of tier lU^I BtgiiMM . 
still soffierifi|r at a. ^It;, thonfb in ftet an M« 
iinvtteil f ersen, . 

Sir Saoiael.Rotiiiliyt in a short Hpeech, viodi-' 
oMed the oharsctem of the four comoiissiooers id. 
t9tt, and cteteodedt as iroU ts he was able, for. 
iba legality of that oon^mission, on which th« 
muttte ctf GOQMilf when the wbigs had been re- 
tuoted, appeated te express some doubt. 

M r« Whitl>rea(J then rose, and witii bis usual, 
«Mrg5 ^ ekpressioD ibmi earnestness of taonner,. 
proceeded la observe, that he cootd not siippert. 
tM motion of the honouvabte mover, for reasons 
whicb'would hereafter appear. He then reeinidecf 
liord Caatleresgh, tiist on a former occasion, his 
lordship had slated, that when the honoorabla 
member should ppodoce bis motion that night, be 
Woold then farnUb all the informatioD that was ne^ 
o^ssary regarding the late letter. His lordship had 
not so far favoured the House, and, therefore, if 
tl|e motion went off, and nothing was said of this 
leikler,^ the Princess of Wales was most unheppilj ., 
aud unfortunately iHteat£d. The noble lord talked 
of poisoning the public mind by publiisbing thoiCCMMy 
and the just demands of the Princess, of Wales; h^ 
kqew only by public raoiour that tbeietter writtai . 
4M^ the Princess of Wales, «a. September or October . 
1606, to the King, . calliiig i»o.' emphatieally ibr . 
(Mfbticityy and a qior^ fair tribunal, had; been 
dif^tatec^by Lord Etdon^ by Mr. Perce val| and by 



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4fO 

Oti^r diMMd it. The kftt petimi mtned ^Sic 
^VnW Plainer) now sat oppotite> a^d miglit^kmijr 
Uif bafottli^ ... * c L % 

^ ^ Mir< Wbitbread then i^ il to Lerd CastVerefir^ 
iif;^!iv^& yiot knpVi^ tQ. bioi, that pU Ibat had becif 
Jl^iiAt^^^j Um bonouraUe ii|Ofer»; i^«:tin<ire»' fintf 
.V^c<^ moye/had baeti pplota^' l^y-, Mr.Peris^jlJlp 
(JUtl^l fiidoii> a»d tha cabinets io£ which be (the 
.4ftbW^rd) was one, for (bQ satUlfM^tiao aia(^iriit|r 
. pf. l?Qf laad, but ofaU Eaiso|>b#> .Hajt^qoimd^tf 
garbled accooi^tf of this traowatiao were. Aot /now 
published to the world uod^r^the authKHHty of ^ 
.;|^reaaat cabiiiet* . : 

< Mr. Wbilhread^aft^r4he0edeyc4oping4|Mjast<onl« 

;fQtared.iQto a.^MMrrative vS the latter whioh Jier 

•Royal .Htghuees/bad recently aanaed to ^';seat .to 

;the Brinne R^fent* This letter, he remarhadt had 

haeci. twice returned Mno|KM^; the Princeis^lbdu 

oa\y required that. berpelitton (foTi^aildi iftJaffatt 

^was) might be^r^ad to'his B^oyal JBagbneH*. niDhis 

, faMnr waft at length granted*, aad <a e^di tpp f^ g r 

was seat from the miioster, stating tbaitillMAMMe 

, had nothing: to si^; Thent after i«!ice i^etuMiing 

,iha letter unopened^ and refusing, ta sasriaby Hiittg 

ib i^ply whea it waa opened* it at last met the 

public eye. . Minisiers advised .tba iUg«»i|ti to 

anrnmon a privy coaocil ; ^audlhiea caede the.«oet 

aiMra^dinary coadoct on the part of ilAfdsjCaslta* 

reegh and Eldon : they refer, npt. tq th% sa$#at 



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;4ifi 

to ii80(i> and for tach condtaiet i(M^4«%)%tf pUiiMhM* 
Mfil 001 for anjr timpg done b> her id tSOt, IWS, 
iafll», or anj mbseqoeut year; • ^ Tbea^" ej^l 
q^ifoed this powerful* pljeader and elo06^ r eatoiifV, 
M jwtfiar what jbft-euuistoiices stand th^if fakioQs 
fMie^edkigB^^ 1806« for which alooe hcFf ^fUykl 
^ighaMI is lo be putlished ? ^ilt the WJtni^^ 
i|rtfiaither are peijored and blasted! it itf s6'<li9- 
iHlttod by tb« aobJe lord, and yet he and tjMd 
JUdoliMis ap thiaold hash of evidence as the oilf^ 
ttedtimopy UMtcoidd be found to affett the PrinceiiK 
MiirWalea! But was not this famous evidence af 
'^iWMI^kMd before the Princess legal ffdvisers^ Mr. 
Adaoiy Mr. Garrow,^ and Mr. Jekyll ? I wishio 
.kDott h0w,tiM|last insidioas paragraph of thaiopi- 
nioo caaie before tbe pnblie ; whether it was not so 
'4aMde public from au^rity P . Again : had BQt the 
^cdbinet of 180? all tha ovidenee. given m 1806 
iM§09e it, and the legM opiMon of the Princess 
Jki<Wyete I bav« just referred to lato the bargain, 
»^«ilien their yerdiett of unqnalified acquittal was 
igiwM?'' Froib this verdict they n<yw seem M^shrifiik, 
9^msiiim^the evideiii^e is atale, and forgotten." 
^QiMr. WMtbread how read the minute of eotfiMil, 
^ssMteh I have given on a former pi^e ; and wbi^, 
jstah^ properly obier?ed> saemed to doubi Chele* 
g^ti^y^of the comoHSsion of inquiry of 1800 j y«t, 
^i^baerred Mr. Whitbread, 4)iiese very mMn Ibrds 
iMsa .go back 10 tfao»e saBue proMtdiogs of IMV as 
^'tbrtf oaly go^le. 

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4ll» 

4 jEMffindt %i4\ii ktian iHterrapCioii of UAi-ekeel*- * 
Ibwifypeecb of Sir. Whitbread's, jdst tb Notice thli 
vf^y^eiiMlflcabid consistehcy in- the uttifoi'tn Kne'of - 
frtltack «poffi our late . beloTeisi Uttd '^eMy- op^ 
(MMfse^'QaeeD. In Jaly^*1'806t her c6nd«iefe « 
pHvately ittveati^ated, by a khid of •*: secret o<nii- 
iliiltee" o^ cabinet ministers, as four oat of tlie 
^HirMett'cdnrposfng his Majesty's cabinet iMtiaeil 
n^et e dppornted for that purpose. This secret tii- 
bniial ^mnonnce a verdict of acqcrittai^ m to tbe 
imiii charge; bat leave a starn upon thecharacter 
of her Royal' Hig^hness, of levity of condoct^ 
atnemtlng' even to soine degree of absolute cr*- 
edHiality* In January, 1807, nearly the whole 
e^btneC conncitf Tnchutkig^ the four noble lorAs of 
tlH fiiMt eommt^tofi, or, as I call it; ^thc^ secnat 
^emmittee,*' agaia sat in judgment on thePrincew 
of Wales^ and gave their opinion, not only on iIk 
original Report^ but also on the Anatrer tirbich ber 
Royal Highness bad pot in against the cbargea oF 
le?fty, &c. <!oiitained in that Repoi*t. These. cAdI 
Md new judges, of course, confirmed* their former 
opinionsj^and still left a disgraceful slur on theiiAa^ 
racter of tiie accused, although they saw no reaaoAr 
why b)s Majesty shoittd any longer decline redeiv- 
i(ig his danghter^ia-law at court, Now, wbat waa 
the next step taken by his Majesty's cabinet mi*' 
nisters? Thia very nieaanre mentioned by llr» 
Wbitbread; but a change bad taken place; LoMl 
li^Uenborougb abne-r^uiaYnedof h«r fmA yadgem^'. 
and he did ngt sigathe minute I am alkuilNSg tO} 



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4IK 



bvtr Ur^ eviOptm^ ted BUdoit aM/ taid iliey 
aa^it fatr Vniy^i HighneM of «tf . erininalityikiid 
gmkt ^tfktAevf&f itmng her odmrMtori^nHMiily fOfi^' 
urttird; and ftll: lier ftctusem '< iiiid««t»vuig «! 
endit." < Itikik impoiV«D« dociMital wis uigtamit 
AjHiil i9df .180T ; yat in ISiatfaeie Mtte:iord« 
wpeMed:llie 'origiDftl ebaf|^ erf levity of coadnob 
flgainat bar Royal flFigbiiaw > aoid nowv i»i8IM|< 
tk€f ag«ftif hy the •onetioa .wiudi it iM aototvMKt 
^y giv€ to'certoiir fmUtc jodriittlt^. reitanita ilMtt 
odimiB dharge ; fetgettiag, op dtapMniigi their Mm* 
soknim' verdicl of eosipieto aei|uiltal 1 .-• * i 

"WcA fliight ^.WUlkfead^ 10 theepeech whisk 
1 bnvis above kbhneirialitdy atk Ike -iioble ilhrda^ 
B)dM and Oastlefwgb^ wbelher Ihtji eteiHit «tr 
eaeape from their werdB4 ^ Tbem^eter.waH'^ Ud 
addedi 'te verdict of »» jw^ iike tkn. Is it^to 
be pernittted to f^o beck to eTtdenoegiwao kdRuv 
dini senlenee mf laoqoittei^ aed to (icodtiBe a neie 
. MetdUiy x>f gtiilty ? i .Was erer wdomd eo trfum|ili« 
ant ? Let tke poblicinecoUect, that no ede act has 
ever passed siece 1807, that the active kreath of 
dander has dartd to briiig agaiest tke Priafcess of 
Wates,". 

•The honourable member then read tke kite. Rei< 
pert» and. proceeded to* observe, that the noble lord 
hadteeatiogly oseerted that Ike Princess of WalM^ 
knd, dooklleasy seeie legal adviserv or some friend^ 
tviiipin tkose imlls, wbo weaM be fonod to advoeete* 
ktr eeime. li ibeid bteti iHi She had a powerAd' 
\ legal adviser in that House, in the late Mr. Ptfr^' 



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a* 

ff^,{ ]l|||i|AJk> tMMjof t|i0' mm^-iflbim'Uuik in Ae 

l4MJi|(^«..SirTl»MpM Homen mi Sir.WittMfi 
8ian^>; 1^{W0s,4\iB to.iif memory oft Mr. Pi((«imil> 
t%^tfK M>«t» to HU dfiag day, -b^ 4f*ypi|Nitti«)^. 
IKqd^PIMtl tiw 4nnowf»<». ^ th* PrmsMti ; lhmtd9» 

<j||i|ieAa^ bis station, > or (iif#fVB;^f >ei4g>Mali.ili4si 
viMc, to tuinl vho kt4 any i)i9l)l>l«f4H)l;»MMl(<|n% 
iioo* For biiM«14> in, p«rfonaiiig 9flMt.te4i^he 
could, oot call hUMMlf tl|« fri«mi>9fi M^i JNuMffkllf 
WM«»> bafctho friendof yuitmf^ >Wm\Hof- mr4l 
l^glvieM, at ifltttr «Mt «n(i|i# to lfh»: wnnpiw 
C^i^tfciy bdon^Mg to ber sax ? ^ikA the. att e i p pt W 
Ipt^jUian bad' beea^doBe.-iii..ti)p bmfcpl .feif%i|>f 
Baoiy Vni. by> the aafortuialio Ao** 3altyiM^ffil# 
asked to be declared iooocent, or. pcoiicid git^J^^iq 
V J% Wbitbr«ad opnclodafb bis>f||0«sibf «9u.4itthe 
most ^p^mona sbo^i of »m^ii|^ ks .fiMtviM^)^ 
apan^eoAoMiDli, .for %^ .jpfo^ctii^^^f^biSi, %|M> 
r^e\)t^ made Iv theiodi^Mdoala^M^flfjte^fiCmiilb* 
|»rivy>soaneil , . • uj-^mmbBd 

': £i^d;^a8tlereagb.^jfa reply, «k»ii||aii9«d|^ybiB 
i^nQiifiibl? m0mi3w.hiid,pq^ Jai4 «IQr,.^»IEiyNMfMM^ 
Kf^^vJudf.for bU jMqfnda)eBt,fPirMvtlCflw*li«MAll^ 
f oq^of prpce^iUDgai^ wofil4ia^9ilt U<<lhfJlief^ 
^pifld be lakl «a the ta^er; rMd, AtJ|ei|tAiMM;4» 
MM^44*Mmse,bis motion. . ,? .1 *- xIk !v)lui8fl 



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4(i 

know whether be was expected t» Aefekfl'^hifttliiilitl 
i^iost a charge forhwriiig^<h«Mv'ah adMflbh^^lSii 
Sdncei^ or . fbr fMt being any leitgter he^ adiiSdfi 
4^ tttitbe-fir^pbint, he biid Wtkyih&'<^rt^*^i^h6i 
MaiM^ in }906Htbitkttfi her' Reyttl 'Oii^tfdBi'M 
SlBckhisafh,>t)0 ami^ fatdef^dii^ her Rdyarffigfttt 
MkH fbitt the ch8rg:e;at that timeimNle «g«?nd(^%te^ 
SlHl/he'.do wftm((, he asked, in nert withheldfhg 
tiMtt advio^ ? Ab to the Scic6nd "peint, wait ir e«^ 
fWet^fllhe'shotild tell !<«lrhatF advice he had gken f • 
' '* Tims ingeniously (er, aa id darker periods of ■»«> 
tiisloi^it wotof4 have been deMmiiiateil, jeeoitieaHy ) 
did ^r ifl^Mnks evade the qnestien ^retpectitig tlie 
p<kft' he had taken ill the d^ence of* her RoytA 
llighftess in 1^06 ; and thns did he turn aside the 
<$h8rge thatniif bt justly have been aHeg^ against 
Iridi (tr the inconsistent siienee hb manrfested ih the 
pr^sein¥iastance.< .. » 

•'Bfbmralid Mnd, be Vpas diMppfMnted al the 
y pt il ^helaiid jdst henrd. He espeeted >to have 
HMV^ s6aie ¥^y to the alluMons made to ^e 
IflhrfiMltgietMSMdni - In his opinion, -chtniuMtances 
had cone out which made kin think the colihtrf 
9i^drpitaad1n difieQ^y lind'^^g^^- '^^ n<^le 
(M#^Ml aiad^<fie ^ti8ift<it«>ry reply ti» Vn -lA»i<Stti^i 
iOkuMOkii, Mr; WhMbread. It Wtfs not eiiongli t^ 
kUfi ^t thto B«ij|^t had the sole prerogative of 
«iu«M|ing'^is daughter. - Statements had bee^ 
handed aboot.in which it was said theiPri'nlee^ 



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4I« 



^(MMttlMl«iU*fd9tb«reiiNrliiadetiM to liie 

JBwmmmnm For Aim reMon 1m* would 0opp<»rt Ui# 
jMOodyiiiit of ihiii JMrnopmUo Meiid* 
. .MriWotiief Pose, ^aad said '^ felt warmiyrM 
dMDdQBMonyHO* waim of honour opd ageotloAiaii) 
l»lL»lie€wM liot f ote^ eilWfeF the oHg^nol molioii t 
otdtfioj flmaidmtqt. He OMStt ot the irnie tiOMs 
Mgr^ik wii Ml tbo spMoh of tho noble lei^ ifaot^ 
iihhiMBd Uiti: to come to tUe deteraiioitioii yht 
iM lArdihip.lHidt'left ibe points #hicli #ere imMt 
ndteMl IB AedJMiuiion without any oiiHiIMn 
Htt <onfiidored>thi8 a most galling and dK^Meefol 
^•bjeet } fio lees tlmn dmggJngf the royol family be«- 
iDvailio HpQte. Tb» iitie qoMlion wat^ whefllier 
lbe>4»Miet6r» Imd done their duty^ firtt to their 
Kingf; ond'i aeoondly, to their eooti try ^ ill biii 
opisioortbe f€iarGoiNiiiaiaiofier8^ -first appointed- in 
10069 ,httd gone farther than they were repaired to 
do-^thofio CommiMioners were to.exliaiine<i«ito'4l' 
dhirge of one khid only ; hut, frmn the eridei^e 
hraoghi to rapport this, they formed another, Md ^ 
thus^exctoded their juriedtction. If their. RepoM' 
jvoa only to ^ to the King» this cipeuwBtaace wniyld ; 
iKit hove been niaterial } but as-it was to {^ * to tM 
VMacessilt was sura to he piwdoctive of ttoh»diA&i> 
.catlies as jio wotnau oootd eaboMt to, without ^o«k 
fh6fm§ of the ioiputatiosis that a^ra east upon Hor . 
But passing orer M$ Keport, the neat to hocou^' 
sidered Was that of 1«07, which was-^douiplito^t^ 
ipM to enety paitU. This the nohto loHi ' 



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419 

bmLm^ 4miMmim speefak pMt the! immtkBm^ 
UmI daymot'/onljF aaqoitted iier ftdyBfc-.iiifhfilte) 
bit wetti fwdier^ and advMd <im Maj^gt^Jta v^cX 
eeive ihe Prifio8s» at court. With Hutii ium/po$bmp' 
ej^idieoce^ why was it necessary to raDiMckvIibe 
0Fide»cflkof 1^06^' and U>!nk« opdocdoifinta^itliai) 
peei^y'tOifoaitd a rep#rt upMjnrJttt tregolalidte< 
wmte nMessany to regxdale«tbi9 iQl0roQiinia.7betwiiBap 
Ib^ Prinoessiof Wales aiid.4ep daugbtti»? do^ws 
inMtB iO'Cneatiog wb|ch tbe mM^ lordfliad iwauiitfc 
faaea £M)Bierly ia pasty. if» iMtead of laboU aid 
U|)juati6able proceediag» bit Royal Higiiiiasi 4ban( 
Simuee iRegpaat bad been ^adiristd'ito aay^ ^1 adi^. 
the fivther 0f tfm cWld, and I wUI «ct m a Mtm 
iaeflip<M¥6iMlito.da-«^l an» PrWic^iof iib«s6j«idflM/ 
a«d I Till rriTf rrinr my prrfrgnfirn nf rdnnntiap thfi 
attcoe^^r te«jdit'thporic;''**^lbe.couiiti^'«U»^ ^km^'i 
teenaatisfiedi m bis^opimon^ as faeidid liot!^iioet«# ; 
tk^ iPriacesa waasoipopiilar^asHto fear tbai^aiieh'^df • 
▼ice woald not have been aoiyersaMyapproufid^v)'; 
u^Vha hanoi]ratde!g^wlleHiaii^>saNi.beibad asibigK 
AieliDgs for:roy iiilty. an any Mmw; :hftty 'be imivtaay^ * 
timft mAt fMte^inga like 'tbeae^bad a teadenoj^Ap 
fyjililtifcdaitn. fieiwaa^verjraorr^ wi&<had«tfaiiiilf)r 
mb^ 4fe not take warniag. from jvhat issaid^^ad 
ttn^bt concerning them. Tbey seemad J|o 4ieibe * 
only jpersoas in the^couatry JwbomeDs MshaUy. ri- 
^apdlesa. of dfaeirvoy? a . welfare .and . respeotabiiityi 
'He woald not Jiave iihaiBegent.Jay tbe flaltariMg 
vtHtioa toi-faia wul»iaad>tbinkiris toadnctHiUbiMb' 
liMa (haijinltss Ibroag^ 4ill tfaaie. transMlian^* Ho 
18. 3 G 



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41« 

said this with be disrespect to Itim or bis fiunUy i 
no man was more ftttached to the house of Bmae^ 
wick fhan he was; bat if he had a sister in the 
sknte situatibn, be should think her extremely itt- 
treated; 

Sir Samuel Romilly said that the honoorkble 
member wan nkktaken as to the power intrusted to 
the' Commissioners in 1806; but made very few 
obsefT&tion.^ on the question before the House. 

Some farther debate took place, after which Mr. 
Johnstone's motion was put, and negatived withoot 
a division. 

The resolutions moved by Mr. Johnstone were 
only two in number ; but the first was very loagt 
embracing many of the" facts connected with the 
Commissioners of 1 806, and the Report made by 
those noble lords, and endeaTnvring to sbow^ if aot 
even the illegality, at least the invalidity of that 
proceeding, and the necessity of a new^ and toMe 
efficient inquiry. . . 

The second resolution was, thatiiB ^'address be 
presented to' his Royal Highness the Prince Regatta 
praying for a copy of the Report of the ibur.Gk)*^ 
missioners made to his Majesty on the 14lh of JU|y# 
1806, with the copies of the documents annexed to 
that Report." 

The following fact is of a very singular and ex- 
traordinary nature. The severe reflectionSv<iaist 
Upon the evidence and character of Sir John mud 
Lady Douglas during the various parUaeMotary 
debates that had taken place oa this sohjacty.ax- 



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418 

ciUA tbe bigk indignatioii jof A\^% g«4^P^ 4B^mh 
Mid indocetl .Imii* to make a strong. remp9&irai)f|e 
with Lord Cwtlereagb, and other m^mhen^ ^f.^ 
liAJMty'&coaaetU.addiDgf, that be bad r4t|3q(i io 
complain more particularly of their coodact^.j^JvB 
Bjod km lady, th§ very evening . before, had^ been- 
agAiD examined by the Prince RegenCsJVlioifliMxfij 
Sir. John Dooglas, with. much reason, e;(pf.e0ysi hjs 
Mirpriiie, that the very man who, in I807pbs4 pjro*^ 
Bourfced them to be utterly unworthy.) of. belief, 
should, on the 4Ui of March, 1813» think fit^aia to 
examine them, and thereby appear to give theois 
credit for some integrity ; and yet, on the very 
next day, to speak of them in the most contome* 
lioQs strains of invf ctive. Certainly there app^red 
something strange and mysterious in this condocV 
of the ministers, and indicates a strong desire that , 
Sir John and Lady Donglas should have every 
possible opportunity afforded them of clearing their 
own characters and defaming that ot the Princess 
• of Wales. This anxiety, however, to crimioate her 
Royal Highness had one good effect; it tended. 
It vrould seem, stronger and stronger, to expose the 
vilis characters and principles of her accusers, and 
to axhibit their guilt of perjury in a still more con- 
spicuous light. 

And this was uniformly the case whenever her 
late Majesty was accnsed, and the accusation 
thoroughly siftod. Inquiry ought to have been a 
iomewhat favonrite word with her Af ajesty,: beset 
aa she always was, after her unfortunate marriage, 

3o2 



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4H» 

tig^troBi tt apiieMM^ kbai hmr acooMrs were .p6»«i 
tufm.ot. aaibigQoiia» i£ not of leete^ «iid ereii de^ 
prfii|m(,4^hafmcter^ The final reraU of ifae liMti^ 
tjsfttqifrtiony ^h^w^f kke ^llJlhe re^t^ *lliat aothlay 
of^MpofUuiOT wm flaid against bar bjr ai^ vitnaai; 
frlBMe^erideiiM drd nol bear strong faatam of aaa*^ 
f^bpip^i.tand wboBo norai priaciplea do ndtaactai' to^ 
be of a very bad and disbonourable natart* ^ 

Thf( .refleciiona on the charaoler of Shr John 
Olliiglfi%<to.wbieb I have above attoded^ prodioaA 
tlv« IbHowiDg- nelea to Lertl Claitlereagb and BCr. 
Whitbread ; ubtes Which wear the aapect of threat 
er iMitnidatioh r-^' 

^ Mftjpf-trenerar Sh* JoKa l^uglaa reci^etfla to know INmii Lnrili 
Vailbreagh/ m a laiaii o^#tii#an vhHhor b*« io bM place, in A% 
Boufle of Comiaons, on Friday e¥cning> declared his wife to be a 
poniired person, and npon what ground he founded hiaaccuBakion?" 

/ Sir Jobo Douglas aiust have been a simpleton to 
suppose that L^rd CasUereagh woold make an 
avowal out of the House of words spoken by him 
whilst exercising, bis privilege, of speakii^ freeljf 
in the House. To the above note hi)s lordship re- 
turned the following answer :-— 

\ " ](iord CaaUereagh deems it bia duty to deolino git M19 io 
Major*Geueral Sir John Douglas any explanation of proooediags 
in whicb he has felt himself obliged to concur. When acting by Ms 
Majesiy^s eommaiid. Hi disobarge of bia fbnttioas as a prity oooa- 
oeU|Mr» or in the explanation of them to the House of Qo^mont^^' ' 

OHiis reply ^ Evidently of a very guarded and 
ooosatpry nacnre ; it betraya an onwiHIngneas fhr- 
iker to offend Sir John Denghts, though his lord* 



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«bip» in tli^ tmii «fi debat^^ bad deqiared Sir Jdba 

and his My to have been ^^dchd And gutiij^ chn^* 

Mctertk His lord^ki p, hoviFever, here seems tb ofletf ' 

some apology ta Sir John^ seeing that wfaataserttt 

had sajd or done was merely hi obedtence to dutidi 

impoied opqahiip by the comitiaiid of ll^.Iiih^.^ ' 

liri Whithr^ad's rfeplgr to a^ simi hur note from Siy 

John wa« rather of a more spirited arid deeisit^l ' 

natwe; he sayn,. 

MftjoMGcnml Bit Joha DoaglM'a ^esfioii to Mr. VfhiU 
WssA MftupM QpoA words aitribpted to bioi to have hetu Ufokt^ 
in ilia place iu ParliameDt; Mr. Wbiibre^ is, iheroforv* abdfcr MmP 
neceaaiCy of declining all answer to tliatquestioD." 

In this reply Mr. Whitbread acted vvith beqoming 
spirit and propriety. It was preposterous jn Sir 

John Douglas to make the request he did. - » 

- : -, :t 

• Tbe Imfitfmty aa4 Htiat ei^jed by 9u Mia anti M'MF^ 
drew forth in March| 1813, an ezpretsion of strong pabl^c feejjn^ 
wbiobf from a rumour current of fretb accusations againU tbePrin* 
cess^ bore against a bigh female personage siaoe deceased,, ia I^H 
state. Tbis supposed faTor and impunity were, it was apprehended, 
calculated to encourage lurtber attempts against the- raollie^ <k 
ilbe beireis to tbe British Ibnmf ; it waa ako considered as havjog 
a tendency to inTalidate and render unafailing her acquittaL 
The public fbunJ itself ^educed to the painfull altbniatltf dP 
attributing cruelty and injustice to the one pacty, ^r guilt, n^ 
despite of acquittal, to tbe other. It wai stated by Lord Thurlow, 
that the obarge of tlie Dooglaaes '< equally- aflfected the welfer^ 
ef Die stale, and the honor of a distinguished indi¥idua]-*«tbat such 
,a report, uaress its" faUehoed were to bfe clearly and JiiUy exposec^ 
ttigkt eodaqger the tqan^iiUitr af tbe 8t«te> and afibrd soine.^eksd 
pretence for a disputed sucfcetsion to the throne." 

Bot Sir John and his lady not only enjoyed impunity, but the 
lonaer received after fhese evenU bis highest military ^ronfoticp; 
and distinguished military honors were, on his decease, lavi^ed on 
'his funeral. His lady, also, till driven, it is beKeve^, frewi the 
^g^fftj1y^ by tbe popular voice, was received in^bigb circles; wbl^ 
the Princess, though acquitted^ though the mother of the heiress to 
the tb^Ae, and the laboured daoghtiBr-in»law of the king, was prt- 
yented Iroro appearing pnblicly at court. 

CarKslc Journal, August IS, 1831. 

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422 

' In order to conoi^ct the several facts relative ta 
Sir Jofiii itnci Lady Douglas, it will be neediiil, in 
tbis place, to give a'detail of the proceedings in 
Pac^iament on the motion for the prosecqtion of 
that slanderous woman, as those proceedings appear 
in.tlje public journals of the day ; and also of (he 
sut>sequent petition of Sir John Douglas to the 
House' of Comoionis. 

On Monday evening, March 16, Mr. Whitbread, 
being in his place in the House of Commons, and 
having inquired if Lord Castlereagh would be there 
also, rose, and said, ** I am desirous to put one or 
two questions to the noble lord opposite, on a sub- 
ject, which, I had hoped, the discussions which took 
place in this House on the ^eek before last had set 
for evar at rest. But the tumult and indignation 
j^zcited by things recently published — ^the disgust 
created by disclosures made in two newspapers 
under the influence of the government— the rumours 
anj] communications respecting me and the noble 
lord, which have come forth, leave no ground for 
the supposition that matters can rest where they 
now are, but, on the contrary, show that they tnust 
come to a crisis. Under these circumstances, I rise 
to ask the noble lord, whether the Prince Regent, 
; pnder advice, has given any notice to the law officers 
of the crown to prosecute Lady Douglas for per- 
jtu'y? I also desire the noble lord to inform ^tfie, 
'if he knows, or, if he does not know, I require 
the information from any other honourable member 
\who may be able to supply me with it:^-! desire 
'to know, if Lady Douglas has, tietween the f 2th of 

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4da 

Febitmi^ and t\ft 6th of March, been examined by 
the solicitor of the treasory» aod before a magistrates 
in the presence of Sir John Douglas ? I desire to 
know, from the noble lord, or from any othei' gen* 
tieman who may know the fact, whether or not 
these examinations have been continued, and are 
atill going on ? And I put these questions tVith tbe 
view, if I am answered by the noble lord,* or by 
others, of giViog notice of the proceedings wlii'cti 1 
may deem it right to institute on th| subject.^ 

Lord Castlereagh said, ** I am sure the Jlouse 
would feel that I was guilty of a dereliction of my 
duty, were I to answer to tbe honourable gentle- 
man, unless I knew the nature of the proceedings 
which it may be his intention to pursue.*' 

Mr. Whitbread. — " I have no objection to satisPjr 
the noble lord upon this point. I think the Princess 
of Wales must either be brought to trial, or Lady 
Douglas be prosecuted for perjury. The Princess 
of Wales came to this House, and threw herself on 
tbe wisdom of Parliament; and, notwithstanding 
the means taken to prevent it, the whole discussion 
that ensued upon that occasion has gone forth, and 
is known to the world. The declaration of her 
innocence by the noble lord is known.' Sir John 
Douglas, in consequence of this, waited upon me, 
and upon the noble lord, and his application aiid 
my answer (not from me, for 1 furnished lio co^ 
. of ^t to any on^ ) have been published in the publfic 
papers. When he called upon me, Sir Jtfttn 
Douglas told me that he conceived he and Lady 
* DiQUfflas were treated with thf greatest hardship, 

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4M 

?thih^i^^py^^ 9f\^} i^y ihmhigh the oobleJonAi 
hi»4i4^^fid -b^to be (ft (le^Med «iHi-d6gr«ded we^ 
i»^.«{* fSir Ji}hn Doiif las afeoitcrid use of the 4c(Nr 
iiitiofQ -jlj^^e ttK& inag^ttfitap ta wbick 1 hmm 
B\^^i aod . that bimself and lady Iftoiiglaa aiiU 
pff^9ted ia the tcuthof their •ta((^it]efils raipMtifaf ^ 
tl^ Jt>rio|seis)s of W^^ He id^o mfarmod .me tin* 
fai^^ tDeaot ;(o apjproacb this Hoaiie ; opoa wliibkl: 
ohsanre^, tb»t I w^i^si^reno member of ParJiapMJtj 
wj^iJIfi vefusa to .{^eseat his petition/ .Ae.to IbS.* 
9^f:;ofTd:qii#ftiiont wbetbar ^e Pritire lUgBMy-^iiiidflr: 
v4fY^f k^ iofttracted ^b^ l%m officers oC tbl qnrptt^. 
to prosecute Lady Dtuglas fin* p^rjury^ I Md eoM i 
the Princess .of Wales miujt ,be coasiderqd to fbe' 
inqopent ifj all the. world, and by the noble 4ord 
aad tbo Pr^nq^i B^gent} bvt if w>t,. I amsune that : 
bef; g^l^.ooght not to be made apj^rept tbiwis^ 
newfpfipers, hot .by a message from tb^ tbra«if%>' 
Pftvfi^f^- T^^^ under any cirqui^stM^SMk #f^ j 
be iof^mb^ on ministers, bp(:4f t^piiki bci ^pot^ti 
livJsy: Wcnps^bentoH thefp, pja^ofl ^tl^Vim^ uta-j 
it^ be^Rff^^^lv if gui)t>cHQ b^ impntod^ito oqimrf 
.with )tbe cbi^ge .directly to the f^fkrli<Mn4iit> i([ic 
,(ipd,tb^thej,4o,iM>t pro^epQtn.I^vdyfl^oglas^mfN^ 
J^n^> *I f^l^U :deem it my 4«ty to fnove, 'Wdltfo 
Hk^^ijmbleaddiiessbe pnasfnt^d^lbp Prino^^oo/fe^ 
J^ :^We.}>Q^u<'t|ons t)D h|s Ji«w offlceirl to Iftmd^ 
^t;hjsjt^,pyx^^dii)g,oi)€upb part of ber testynony^ \mr 
IQP^r as.may fippearjustlyiiabl.f to U^atacciifuitioiu*^r> 
ffjfird €!i^UF^gbraokoowlje4gad th^ the boooilf ^""^ 
,able g^tl^man had capdidiy staled bis qpinioaif 



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the id#l»riMi«kjMy)tliiiC«tii^ mf illit; iiotfcifiawli^c^' 
Ur qUMtioni^ iipr lo •fiwd my fiiTtAMr iiiftf^AktoU' 
oo: A« topiM lie litf «r00d#4Nitil lli^ mref^vikiif 
IWPHgM wider Aha ^oMiilcratMli of 4h0 Htaie.^-^ 

Mr. WliitfareMt Mid, '< The noUe lo^d jbe^inUffi; 
fied himielf that he hu done fats di«y in poOmh^m 
Mewep jM^: I liddretoed my iyioaftital 16 (M9bW^ 
gbnUkmemf 4f tktM ivere any yrettot cajieUy' oP- 
fi¥ii«. na inforaialm. The aoble lord imT^ ' 
alMed AMWeriitgraie. I o^w vepeat «v^i<|ijtM^oiMt^ 
and fiat tbem to otbara. I a«k> firat, if the fVjtioe* 
gugmit \m, niukr adnoe, given iaat^Qetionil to ihb 
Imw offioaia to jpaeaeiaiie Iiady Oeug^ for ip^tjutyt ? 
I aak, aMoodly» if Ladjf Dongilaa bat) been eif* 
WDioed bf the •ralieitor of ihe treasury, Mid a ma^ 
gUttate# ifram <he 12tb of February flo 4be iStfa tff ^ 
naach* that ^tory day on whiob the nobte lard, i* 
hie fdio^f ideckued her to be a/perjared and dt-^ 
g«adad wonaa ? And I ask, 4birdly» if not)of the 
oaMa toad, (aa Imb net aace he poteeases t cttm-^ 
peteot^knOMrledgefeo tfaatdpoint, Sir John Doaglaa 
kaiainf iafiaaoiad me ha stated toihtaa he vm$ not 
•tt^toainled'itiathit,) of oibersy to whom I pot it, 
wheAmt^ atiiKie tlie fttb of Marol\, examiaationa into 
old OMlter, »er new proof of criminaKty, bavet oif 
Imre-Mt beehiMMttted? If I reoeivetio aniti^er^ 
lirtmi(the noble lord, ^ho thinks'it bis'daty to deny 
aoa^ for firooi' any other faonourabie parsons, I ariH 
OGiiteat mymif with doing my duty, and wiH, on 
Wednaaday next, ^execote my purpose of mbfiag 

»& 3 H 



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4M 

for at^addreM^ to the ^ect I harfe already slated, 
to the Prince Regent* lam (tertaift that the pnb-^ 
Uc. mod cannot bear to Jbe'Contkmiiiated,- as it baa 
beoDi or'^ydoretiiefePiDentthatise^itqd^ lam 
ceriaiD that it will demand jmtice ontlie j^iooeas 
of Wales, if guilty, or uptfn -those who have accused 
her, if she be innocent," <-^ >* • - 

Iiord Ci^ereagh said^ ' ^ I' see no reason, nop^li 
.any. reason, nor willaoyrenarkaof fbe boooiirable 
gentleman, force me to^ depart from'thenoimiel 
have laiil down for my conduct, which 1 would not 
be warranted • in doing by any public reporM -nd^ 
dnced by the honourable gentleman. With retpeol^ 
however, to disclosoresj and the injury done>to-pab^ 
Ik feelings, the honourable gentleman will peMiit 
me to taaay, that the responsibility of all rests-upon 
those <wbo first originated' the production of these 
documents. — The honourable gentleman himsW 
has deeply to answer for these things which Jie;thn 
condemns. . He was .the first to I'ead and publish 
garUed extracts and statements of documents which 
ought not tOihave been readatall-^but which being 
read, and making a partial impression onithe pob-^ 
lie, the whole injury resulting from them> and other 
productions consequent upon .them,as:to.be altri^ 
but^ to the original. anthorsiof any disclosores/'i 
. .Mr«.Whitbread said (with warmth), f< lireadtfae 
minute, of the . cabinet^ the Portland tsafoinet, the 
minute to which the name of the: noble lord is 
affixcld.-r-I read it entirely, and garbled no partr^ 
I omitted, no word in it — I read it because I thonglA 



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4«7 

jisnece^m^; iiettlier jnras'it a Becrettdoconient; it 
.ifvtts (k'ifited by Mir. CercevaU'.afid was tn the p<hv 
MUsiou of bitidl!eds:; I,g;|rbl6d not ; btit I reeord^d 
.tb^ v^ict cf acqaittel rwhicb bad beeh giVeri. 
Jtad WfU the QoMe totd draw any parallel betwMb 
the pttblioatioD of raob doooBiebts as thoie to urbich 
1 bitve alloded; in tbe puUte newi^apens, and'lbe 
jjeading^ by amemlier ^f fbis Hou^e in bis pkce, 
of • a dedarntion of looooencie ?: .Tbeste' ^ooui n$Ats 
come fortb to tbe country ihrougb tbe medlifrfinof 
t#o fMpeH,.' ktto^ to b^rwell affooted towiards the 
ewstingf ;flidmiratioti : /they are publisbed in tkk 
Moriiingf Herald and in r the Morning Pwt opda 
jUle!^io0 dayy wfitl) .(5oit)mwt«iintlie Jattor, a|i:i€^tbe 
jRHntesS'of Waks ntfft^ broagbt befov^! thia4ribimal 
of tbe edM<MP ; the dthler is tbb property taf ^a j^fMoii 
who: lias lafely< receii^ed honours from llbfe Prinoe 
JUgenty:!aad iis khown^to bold. flrequent'inlMOoiirse 
fw«tb: Carlton Hoose.. Bttt the ndblelord now 
fcharges me with reading tbe cabinet iiiikiQte^-4ie 
•made no complaint at the time I read it*-(liard 
Castlereagh said across>tbe table f' I Uid?'). Did 
yott? I: beg your pardoo^-rl do not recollect itr^it 
hiftl escaped < pne. Bat be that as it may; there is a 
main diflference between this recital of a declaration 
ofnnfiocence, andsuchpubKcations as those, which, 
«fter aiiqoittal, load the ionoc^t with ignominy. I 
am nottheadTiser of the puUicatidh of the Prih- 
eissof Wales's tetter, or of any of the sobseqoent 
pubNcatiobs; but I know, if a penon has no othi&r 
resource from oppression, it is no misdemeanor <fto 

3hS 



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teAMk^^MT^llM ; ' I \BkiM tbit it WM tke faHrt r#MlMe 

«Mt^ qf bdtng 9«iliy. Ber Royal HigliiiMi Imw 
declared that she wm not nm^sft of Ait poblteMtOiv. 
JMlrtMl know is, thot thbillofltriMi pOrsMtoOiMe 
lofrJpiiiiiflMMnty Arid Ottib'tipto it to profkMinoe heir' 
goilfyiioc trie! her at hmoceot. I know that Ibene 
i^ tii» atenlqjeaenttoPafliminent fwiBi anthbrityY 
^hkh vmM and o&gfat to iNMre beee dene if fnlfe 
qmM be impotedk" > 

^Imrd Gbitereagh said; «« Now I kmnr th**" 
benoiirafale gentlemaa'a view of this aMiter, I an' 
Ibq mere confirmed in the propriety of decliiiia|f 
to r^y ; to his qooMions. I did ohirf e htm (1 M 
tie<^'Bleaa the word ii^an ofllNisive senee)^ I dM 
oowflaiiiat the tim« he read the ttiitiate, net that 
he.farblM tbaidoenmenti btrt that the readiag^of 
that decnmem itaelf, ilnoonneeted with otheM, eon* 
¥egr^ a garbled atatteasont^ in the eonstitotioail '' 
saesot ofi the whole eoorseef the proceedings. V 
cooaplaiiied of his reading the mkiiile of the Dnhfr 
of PdrQahd's cabinefc, without alao taking into.vie^ 
auMcedelit proesttdings, as ealcolated to make en 
i\^ pohlie nrad aft loipMBsiob not ptopor^ If Hi I 
dhMuaseaft 'Wore ^ oonsidered aliogelhep. Thai; 
d|ioatO iaooly iaftelUgihte with a ipoforenee to thr' 
nponnte of LordGbenfvilb^a eahlaet The honOik»^ . 
ablegentlenaft is liet ooctect in tfat^ng that aaiy 
a^lf doomneat waapiintcd by Bin P^rvief al**-4lU 
IQkMik'oootainedealy the eridenee and -iCrifrtdras 
UfjOo it| and the defence of tiie accused. It con- 



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•a mA •f . state, ; aodiulie »bMttiirabie fMllli^ 
man it tfe fint 0B;<ii'lmft6 iiMd Ale MqiotiMbUity 
witii 0C lia¥kB0.giiBM(ipttbUcity t# wy «c4Pdf tte 
fovwMiientio^itliiiiaflWr.'M . > n , 

^ Mi. WhilbMidH-*M 0» my h#ad be it,- Qm my 
head be it ibat L niaile ibe fiwk attempt to tiodieate^ 
the PvincMi e£ WAiee. Oa my head be th^ re* 
a|KmiibiHty Ion aH I ba^e doBe-~oi» tfae head of 
etfiefs tba reapoiMUbHily for ail they hare doiief 
and. en Ike head of ibe noMe lord ikm retponsibiliiy 
Igr reining to anewer the^^eslieiifl 1 haVe pnt to 
l«iii« I aomre the noble lord I will not take oflbnee 
at any oi Us expretsidnsy for I am sove ihey are 
mat meant peiMnally, however warttlywe'niay ffeet 
iatereated in argHiag thie*ease. Bat' I wiU ask 
bioit after, the declaration itiade of the innwenM 
4^ Ibe PfineaM el Walee by a eaMnet ifiidfSieA — 
(I believe Mr. Bef«eval)M.«ftei' what was gta(«d' 
4e other night by the Attofiie;f43eneraf,Via» hi* 
liiace^'^ftcMr reading the minute of aeqnitlal, are 
Ihean w4m^ ta be retracted^ *t I <hitf e no intentiM 
of jOH^nting oriminabtj to the F^inoeseof Wales.** 
^(b(& .whole effect of #hat has ainee fiassed is td im- 
pirtf triminatity. The noble levd wi^ bowe^er^ 
gpireno inforaMtimk^ I trast- he will, 49n Wednes^^^ 
day» be prepaled so tb do $ and in the mean ttttte I 
pwsnmej limm his siknc% (hat no direotione hare 
been given Ibrithtf psoseention W Lady 1>oygUs/* 
Lord Castlereagh said,* ^>I never made any 
deqliff^tion eitbor of igwU or inooceoooy as 1 did 
Bot.oomridei' jtvtn be wilhin oor competent jUVish 



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490 

dletioii. I distiDcftly sthted .that the endenee goljL 

m'liied.Xo the Poriiaild .ctbinat* 'wfaieb: went 4o 

ortouMto iMc Royal Uiffaniaii^vwu 'either .nm^ 

tradiotedy or not entitled to oredience. I-iMilvnoi 

fttteopfpt tp* pr^^nouficeon g^taiit ojp«mnoci3iice».at.%hi$ 

jiouA^ ift opt a Mmpetenib tritmnai.'' . * 

. .Mr. Whitbraad xeplied, jand after sMie ^Mf «ib- 

!serHraiions» Lor4 Mihcin : rose Jba pr6po«ie, /as -aa 

aqpiendnient, that th^ House should adjourn, ^hioh 

i^tlimi^tsepoad^d th^Mrigiual motJoutwasoanML 

f While the- getieralfe^pebtation was directed -to- 

«^ar/^8 Mr. Whltt^rekd's hnotioo, anxious to know 

M9t fat^t iu/proportion as thei{>abllc wished for jo^ 

:tjce toirber.dtfue t» the e^idiedce o£ iSir John and 

'Lady DooglfiSt it. was foubd^out, daring! th<eintfeiv 

val of his giving -notice, !*' ^JChat the prd'secotioh 

.agtaiflitlkbe JDlouglasesi we<ild 'nM hold iD la^, us 

'!tbeyr had not ^ipvorn id op^ti.court;. or; after.precdss 

'jftfn|^flf?..J^ud'.ii^Mn. ttbte ffaunquratbtei 4novbn wM 

<>bli0^.to|^^ his; moticm, aiMi to propose an aUf 

dfw^to. bia Royiil Highness, f* to oiider die.pfoper 

*mea|fiCVl^s;to betalcieu for diaoovering' and ibringing 

ift jiMtice ll«e;f«i3M)ns concern^ in f^ving puUidiiy 

to Abe . aaqneooa •depoaitions/* . 

.Upon this liewly-disaonered ground, when die 
Him^ . f^^^f . on Wednesday, Maf ch ; 17, , Mr. 
W;hiU^r^ .bnoofpbt in a petition from: Sir Jeiui au^ 
iMuiy Doqglaa, which waa rea^l by the cleak nearly 
in the fallowing jtetms :-r*;> 

I •* ThfttyoQf petili^l^ are tfltt^/thaitth^ffeposiifbiiii whiih 
.Ihsiiinad^ ou iitth M'vti'ih^ C(ttMia»sa«i«, ih Jmie» IM6, wore 



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4M 

Dol made before each a tribunal as would subjeclyeut pc|ili#taer<> 
iprOMH^tbeirdepoAi^ioiwifer^ fal^> topr^i(BlVi^joa>«Ml poMfikroent 
forjpe^vfiy; Tbai ygMt petittfmerv f^elipig lhe,ii|iiiaM iconfideoee 
in Ibeir own innocence, a^dlhe tnilb.ef"ibeiMlifoliliciiaia».4e* 
lil^R^aA aftMiMidj befere; IbeifwUL Qooiiiiiseiimtrf ii/ifEek pelfie^ly 
ready t and viUiqg* a«4 (hereby «offer to nwearflheMid-deppiMona 
before any €oni|»etent tribenal, so aa to render. ibenaeUea liable to 
ancli pi99iMBlion aiid.pantfthmentlbr peijnry^i if 4heir said depoat- 
l|^F^'^<i>e.proii^,44|,be<Mae» ^Ai^d yoiinffteiyttoaen»itbei&« 
foqe. :nioat'b«a^y p^aj y^ner beewiable HoH«eii:tk8t.ti»(B:f .majjbbe 
sworn .before a <H>iapetept.trUMUialp foe the pui^peaea aforesaid, ^aa 
yonrpeti^oneiy do.npt'wiab to sMter tbemaelTea under an v legal 
foroaa againat the conaequenoea of giving the aaid depQa[dliMil&^4' • 
. . , , . :. . -f^A»d.y^e«p«lil|awfl»*haMevenpmy/&c." 

The speech which Mr.i*Wb«tbteaid*miMl^ on Ais 
ocblisioQ entered so folly into the history of ^ 
whojle traDaactiqp. it>et;WeeQ the Friofce^^ jBkpd.Jnw 
enemiea, that there are very few: points^ kid^fd 
Wttich' this miaster piece of eloqueoce did not em- 
brace. As a mediatof* bet|?een tbe.,roy9l.p{(i;tief;t 
he acknowledged that a noble friend of her^lUyal 
Highneto had/on a foltnernight, when the Princess 
was declared innocent, done him the. honour of 
aakinghia advicet aqd be^ on thatocoasioB» sketched 
out -a letter t^f dignified sobmis^ion from her to bin 
R^yal Highness the Prince of Wales, and seni;. ii 
to the Princess, She did biio the honour of taking 
a copy of it in her ^own hand, with the intention of 
sending it to the Prince; but this healing an<l de- 
8irable> step was preyented« by ; hv receiviog ; in- 
formfttioti. tiiat Sir John and Lady Dooglas w^re 
again unddr examination, and thaV too ' with the 
sanction of the liord-Chanceilor. l^he letter be 
would read^ if the House would inciulge him. The 
following is iBt Correct copy :i-^ '» • ^ 



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<' I ««Mi iMM« tifMMih ^our lioy*l'1lig1iutki,ftiki'«Mi nMm 
totiSMIm f^, <8ir. Il«««^ *you wfN d^lgn to tet4 my lamt, ^ 
ii>l iiot<wi ^ il i »i<i rf iil^»Wi ill coittephi. 

^ t%« ri|iDit ai«dt%y Mrtai* ttMBhuv oC hi* Mttj^ty^t j^ry 
•aatttili:tMM fMMdwwled to m<i lly Lm^ tUdmcmik, «ii4 te 
oAtfiMrto ^ipwMi to iIkm ttpon whoM lAi^ice I vttf, 1o %ie mdi 
an tq^^uireiMiHay p«i%^ ptiMic MiettkHi of my tot i tt m W)< t ^ito^ . 
a«i«iiaod •# i«¥MligMtoii. It «MMtol4)«iialuMli to ymir g ttyti 
iiig|mto» tiirti xM ffMW D ii ti»iltef toihe tofd qwaweltor, 'aril t 
4o|kMcato «r thai ktter to tlKs Sp^tlt^ «f the Hotia^ of Oommotis, 
fcr^hefttiflMto «r 4to Mug (toamHiuicatod to tlie «#tt fIi>M«i tf 



^^Th6Uid<7hlrfM«ltei»f#iMi^^ my letter* and did imI 
cai^moaicato iu 'fontoato la ifit HaiM of Ladb. 

f The Speaker of the Hoose 6f Commona thought it his duty' 
to anaoanoe the receipt of my letter, and it was read from the 
dMr. To my ineitpreMBible tg^'^kUBe^ion t bare beeft infemldt 
th«t» although «o pneeeding- waa ioatrtated UDefdiitg to my 
request^ oertaiti diicoasioni Which took plaoe in that honoiinthle 
Home have resoked to the complete, and anequivocal, and nni* 
t^HmH keknowledgmetft of my eitkfire tanoodaee, to the sali Action 
AfldtolrarUi 

" AHov ma« Sir, to «iy to your J^al Higknesa, that I addreM 
you now relievtid from a load of distress which has pressed upon 
me for many yean. 

" 1 ^vaft ^alltoya oeaacMMM tkitt I ^vlw free fmtai reprviiidi* il atf^ . 
PM kaowQ to be «>, aiid Worti^y tobeir the etftltedtiUe of Prin- j 
cess of Wales. 

** Oil the subject of the oon^rmation of the Princess Chairiottcl^ 
I bow, Aabetomeame, «ild HtiUti tmplieit defertfnee to^fli^ 9p\/ii^ 
^pnaaed by hiaMi^ly, now thit I havebcteip tanajie, Mfiaiuted 
with it. His Msjesty's decision I must always regard as sacred. ' 

" To auch restrictions as your Hoyal tlighneaaahall think piw- 
p^ to impose npion *|{te iotercotirae betWee* tim Priiicttn Chatlbtte ' 
md myaelf, ^ mistag: out of Urn Mkatwledgtf sHerciaf tif yaor 
paiwntal and royal authority, I submit without ohsenration ; but I ' 
throw myself upon the compassion of your Royal Highncsa, not to 
iftwidge taoYe thiui may be necessary my gr^teiit, indeed^ my only 
fWntare.' 

«' Year Royal Highness mf beiH|S|i|td,itba^ K U« Mleeti#ii of 



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MS 

■ocaety for the Pmum Chariolte^ whto wk bar ?itit« tmmi, were 
left to mj ditcreiioti, it would be, as it alvttft* has been, tfnex- 
oeplionabfe for rank anif character. - If your Royal Hig'htfetir ifotM 
eondeaoeod. Sir, to name the fioeiet^ ^ora^lf, ^tMir^iff(intM<)ffir 

a^0M healrict^ lAaped to. - • ^ *• i i .-i & " 

'' I will not dataitt joor Royal ilighness^I throw mf^i^ttgiAfi' 
on your royal juatice and oompasaion, and I sabacribe myiretf/With ' 
perfect aincorlty, atid in the hat>py fedings of jastifiecnhtM^Ari^' 
y«rBoyrf BighMHiV^io«iM-^<»*^ ' ^^'i^'^f*^'' - 

Mr. TieHiey, speiikingf of Lord' dastlere^fg;!^^' 
Baicl« be^odd diacern by no giestii^reor loolp.-o^iliHiv 
mMe lordt whether th^ were to remain 'ri^'^«fi»6 
ahiiatii)^ or nbt. ' But, tihiviAg this question/ he 
wiiihed to know by what autborito^ Mr. (Jo^tfce) 
GoBWt ttwuld undertake t^ .nieddie with wattert 
of 9tate» by ealfing-; att he had done, for evfdened 
on the atj^jectj. People talked of cons^piraciesy of 
a cottapirao^y between the- Dong^lae's} fcat'theM 
tttigfat be coasfimey and coHuaion elsewhere; * A% ' 
Ml i^mendment to Mr. Whitbread's motion, Mr. 
Tjle^Aey tbeo^ipbfed. That the printer and.pttb* 
iisher of the Morning Herald (and he afteiN^avUi' 
added the Morning* Post) shetild be called to the 
bar of the House ; which was negatived. At length . 
IfijiWhitbMadiagreed to^wme hts'inotieii, Ivhieb, 
atf^#elta»Mr.Tierney's atnendtHent, was negatived 
wi^binit a flivision. 

JJavMig aoMr. nearly exbaualed the aabject re>- 
Ifttlfe to Sir John Doogias, and* the debates in- - 
Pfifjiament connected with bis Lady's famous 
s|fltom«nt ftiid deposition, we may go back in the 
faiMsry a few weeks, to notice the proceedings that 
ti^ place relative to the unfeeling and crue! re- ' 
19. 3i 



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^ <^ '^ 4i^ JU^^ fek. 14, 1813. 

t)iat \DifOii«eqiieiice of ib# pablication in 7%€iftfomiiy Chronicie 
oi the tl)th instant of a letter acldressed by your JRoyaf HTgtineM 
to'tti^ PHti^'Ite^nl; lift Royal If iglMMi iboii|j9it At, ^ YAt crfl- 
wUei(fhiM coifitleniialservmlSf to pigyify lii« |^imi|aiiii« Uiaf ih« 
^9(fP'4^ vj9it 9f tbo Princess Charlotte to yonr Royal Highnesa 
on the ^ifowing day should not take place. ' 
*^LoHl IWerjtool i» not enabled t6 \nake any firtlier cotomoiiica- 
ti4n:t6 yoar Royal Higbveaa on the ml^ of y^ov Rnyal Higb* 
fjuw'a nfi|lQ.'' 

* ^0 this letter th6 Princess of Wales eofeiimanded 
Ld^y Anne Hatniltony her lady in waiting, to reply 
^s follows : — 

*' Montague House, Blackheath, Feb. \S, 18X3. 

" Lady Anne Hamilton is commanded by her Itoyal Higliness 
the Pkin»ea» «f Wales lo represent to Lord Uverpool, Chat ihm in- 
■Uifiii ii«»ii«ti|% rw^eoiiog ibelpoblicatj9^ «f the l^tt«r ad- 
droBsed by the Princ^iBs of Wales^ on the 14th of January* to the 
Prince Regent, conveyed in his iordship^s reply to her Royal 
Ittghneas, is ta void of febndatron, ' and kk Mse as all the CoittMr 
imiaatiBai of»lbft tniwotrn^i iier,BoyM HMkrvw'fs lionovf fm 
rtd^year 1806.. , ^ ./ 

"Lady Hamilton is further commanded to say/ that dignified 
silence wbald hkve Wn Xh6 TiHe'6f fcobdwt th^'PrHiWte^wMli 
Vi¥d f>r^ef¥ed 'ttpon auth aa iii«|i«ttlia«^ (laora than inbfMM^^ 
JMd.LipiVPppoV) dVi fM3(^ t^^ef^pct^afiaingfifom if ^^te^to de- 
prive hcr^qyal Q^hnesa of the sole real happiuess she ciainjposBess 
in'thia world— that of seeing her'oniy" child. ^ArtrfthWcoriMeinlal 
aiervanls ^Mier Prftati^ Ih^gent^n^ to fed aEjhataedioC lMr«i»- 
dMirfcbiihtda ik^fmcmB^ in jtyowiw ti^^ Rogral If^f^biiesa their 
''$AvW tf> the IVioce Regent^ that upon uoaothorizdf ^nd on- 
founded suppositions a mother and daughter shOafd bd pi^vMUd 
from meeting— a prohibition positively .ligaliKtJtfibilwtif.qpakarfi. 
^UiSy Aim HwnlMta i« 4«mimiM|ad fiicf^erto4BBjf)^^Ii^«Ii. 
tcfpod to lay tbi* ptper before the Prince Recent, that his Royal 
Highness tnay 1^ aware into what error his 6nntiderttTat ftbrvatifa 
are leading bim. and ^\ Invalve Mift, by Ooiiaiiallibg^llddfidgiiifyb. 
ing aoch commands/' 

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4«T 

No really wasfiMu}^ to this ktter ; mod ftboat this 
Cime commenced those cabinet meetings^ ni\4 olher 
secret proceedings against heir RoyaCH^hhei^^. 
wbiob may act inaptlj be denominatad the teqond 
MpoMire of the Dotiglati plot. 

Rumours began speedily to circulate that another 
'^Dflreafce Investigation" was actually going 00; 
and that not only the old ISOdrhBrges woukl be 
revived, but that other new, and stilt more crimi- 
natory, matter would come out* Nothing short of 
the complete destruction of her Royal Highness 
was BOW anticipated ; and every body looked to 
the result with tbe mosl^ fearful forebocjings. Of 
the rsal facts of the case, however, the object of 
4II tliiA inquiry — the lUArked victim of aljithcpo 
shocking rumours — waa left ia otter, igvuwaoop, 
K^tl)«r the nature, jtbe form, nor the precise plac^ 
of the proceedings were known to her |loya) J9igl|^ 
aeSB. . Thut sametbing wjb^h 10 agitation against ^er 
she knew, for it wa^ in every onp> Qaouth--*wb)i( 
WAS iiiteoded> or what m as floing, i^t^e kn^w not; 
That, however, ^1^ ixugh^ ^^ remiain imy longiBf 
in suspense, on the 27th of F^oary she addressed 
the foUawtng kittte to the liarJ of H^rowby : — 

** The, PriQceM of Waks has received reports irsn vsrittus 
^imrlers, of certain . |tf tt Wtti i iMg s la|e^ hM by his Majesty's )MOivy 
ooancil, respecting' ber itti^ JlighiMss; aud 4be Pfiacesi iias 
felt persaacled that these rap6rls ttwa ^ mfcianMi, beoeuaiiahe 
could not beliere it (kMslhl^tttttt'imly'resotm^ lAoilM iie -taken 
by that most honourable l)^4ti>aSy r«!>peol sfleoliDg blr ft^yal 
Highness, upon statements which she hair fia4 se opportusiiy of 
answeritig, expUmmg, or efstn uk k sg .^ . * \ 



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438' 

" TIm PriiiceM still trusU, that there is no truth, in these 
ramoars; but she feels it due to herself to lose no time ia protest- 
ing against any resolution affecting her Royal Highness which 
ihay be so adopted. 

• " The noble and right honoarable perilous < who ^ara said tb halve 
been selected for these proceedings are.too just to decide any thing 
toncbfng her Royal Highness, without affording her an opportudity 
oir laying' her case before them. The Princess has not had any 
l^ower to ehoose the judges before whom any inquiry may be car- 
pied on; but she is perfectly wiHing to have her whole condact 
inquired into by any persons who may be selected by her accusers. 
The Princess only demands that she may be heard in defence or in 
explanation of her conduct, if it is attacked ; and that she should 
either be treated as innpceut, or proved to be guilty/' 

The Earl of Harrowby, in reply, stated, that a 
copy of the Report of the Prince Regent's ministers 
had that evening been sent to the Princess of Wales 
by Lord Viscount Sidtnouth ; and that was^ to be 
dofasltfered as an answer to her Royal Highness'* 
request/ not to be tried behind her back» uor 
condemned unheard ! 

' VhefeHowing is the Report alluded to, and is 
the same which has already been mentioned in the 
letter addressed by her Royal Highness to the 
Speaker of the House of Commons : 
REPORT, &c. 

TO HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THB PRINCE UEOBNT. 

Xbe foJIIe^Rikig members of his Majesty's most honourable privy 
Ugiinpii» viz,. . r ; : . 

(^rMuOraceJhe Archbishop of OmUrburff, 
« 7%e Right Hpn. the Lord fSgh ChanceUor, . 
J Hit Grace^the ArM>ishopxqf Y^rK^ 
z His Grace ihe Lor4 Primuie of, Irelamd^ 
' The JUfrd President (f the CowKil» 
• The LordPrivy Seal, . k , . 

The Earl qf Buckingh(m$kifF^r • . 



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480 

The Earl Baikurst, 
♦ life Earl of Liverpool, 

The Earl of Mulgrave, 

The Viitowa Mehille, 

The fisctmni Sidmauth, 

The Vucount Castlereagh, 

The Right Hon. the Lord Bishop of Lokdon, 

The Right Hon. Lord EUenborough, Lord Chirf- Justice 4(f 
the Court of King^s Bench, 

The Right M(m. the S^^eaker of the House of Commons, . 

The Right Hon^ the Chancellor of the Exchequer, 

The Right Hon. the Chancellor of the Duchy, .. 

His Honour the Muster of the Rolls, , ^ 

The Right Hon. the Lord Chief Justice of the Court '6/ 
Common Pleas,* 

. The Right Hon. the Lord Chief^Baron qf the Couti^qf &. 
d^^pter. 

The Right Hon. the Judge of the High Cdurt of Admintdtf, 

The, Right Hon. the Dean of the Arches, 

Htvii^ been eunmoned^ by comoMiatf of y tur fibyat- IliyhnM 
on the 19th of Febraary, to meet at the office of VMoo<«it Sia- 
mouthy SecKtary of Slate for the Home Department, a commoni- 
cation was made, by his lordship to the lords then present, ini th^ 
following term»:— * ' "'•''•♦ 

*' My IjORDS— I hare it in command ffom his Ro^al HigfaiMss 
the Prince Regent to acquaint year lordships, that a copy of a 
letter from the. Princess of Wales to the Prinoe Regent having ap- 
peared in a public paper, which letter refers to the pi^ceedhigfs 
that took place in an Inq«ir>' inalatated 1>y command of hW M» 
jesty, in the year 1806, and contains, among other mattdn, cer- 
lain animadversions upon the manner in which the Prince Regent 
has exercised his undoubted right of regulaling the conduct and 
education of his daughter the Princess Charlotte ; and his Royal 
Highness having taken into his consideration the said letter so 
published, and adverting to the directions heretofore giveh by his 
Majesty, that the docum^t^ relating to the said Inquiry should be 
sealed up, and deposited in the office of his Majesty's. pinneif|l 

♦ The chief justice of the court of common plea* was prevlepted 
by indisposition from attending during any plrt' of these'Dh)* 
ceediogs. •'• ft'* 



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440 

f 

aecretary «f state, in order that his If ajest^'tf goternlMot iliaald 
possetft the means of resorting to them if aeeessary ; his Royal 
Highness has been pleased to direct, tliat the sakl letter of the 
Princess of Wales, and the whole of the aaid doctaMiifes, together 
with the copies of other letters and papers, of wkmh a sdwdole 
is annexe<l« should be referred to yoar lordships, being meabers 
of his Majesty's Most hanoarablo pritry coundi, for ymir oontider- 
aliM ; and that yea ahortJd ftport to bis Royal Higlmeaa your 
opiaion, whether, nnder all the circumatailcea of the eaae, ft baftt 
and proper that the intercoorse betweaa the Priaoess of Wales and 
her daogbter, the Princesa Cbarlolte^akould coatifHia to be oaliject 
to regalations and Mstrietioiis.'' 

Their lordships adjourned their meetings to Tuesday tbeS3d 
Fobraavy ; and the iAtamedilitt daya having been ^eRlployed in 
perusing the documents referred to them, by oooiaiaad of ifoar 
S^al Bighaess, they proceeded on «bat and the Mlowiag day to 
the further consideration of the said documents, and have a greed 
ta'lvpiost.lo youK Aoyal Highaeae aa follows t 

In obedience to the oonlnaiulB of your Aoyal Highae^, w have 
lakea iAU ^ar asost aeriiiafl aonaideralion tha Utter from ber Royal 
Ittghiiasa tbn PnnoM of Wales to yarn; fiiayal Bighneaa, whkdi 
iiaa Apfeased in the puUia pafieia, aad lias been rafi^rred to as by 
your Royal Highness ; in whieh letter the Priacess of Wales, 
amoagat other matters, complains that the intercoorse between her 
dk^l Highncsa and Jier Royal Higfanasi the Princess Charlotte, 
diHa beaa sabJMted to eeHasii reatriotioMa. 

• We have also taken into our moat serious oonaideration, together 
with the other papers referred tb as by your Royal Highness, all 
Ilii daauraoMls rdatiire I6 the itoqairy iaiUtat^d in 1606, by eom- 
•mand of hia Majesty, inte the trath of certain repredentattooe re^ 
afisptiogibe conduct o# her Royal Highness the Prihtsess of Wales, 
labieh appear to have been pressed upon the att^^ion of yoor 
RoyBl Highness, in caasequeiwe of the advice of Lord Tbnrlow, 
and aptai grounds of pitUia doty, by who* titey w^erC transmitted 
to Ma Mayeaty's considesatioti. And your Royal Highness having 
bea* fiteioaaly f4eaaed to commattd \tk to report onr bpiuions to 
yfiar BoyAl Highnesa, whetlier; iMdef kA the oir^uttsUrices 6f the 
case. It be 111 and proper, that the interaewse between the Priacess 
pir Walesaad her daughter the Princess Chariotie, sboaid cswtiaae 
to be sabject to regulations and restraint. 



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4M1 

after a full eKaminatkNi of all the doooalants before m, ve'are of 
opioioa, that, under all the cireomstanees of the eaee, it is highly 
fit aad proper^ with, a viev to the welfare of her Royal tUgjkmmm 
the ^riDeoie.Clvirlotte^ in which are eqnally involved the happin -. 
nesi of yoncR^jal H^ghnees in yoor pareatal and royal dnraeter/- 1 
and the moat importaot interetts of the state, that the iat ete b i— e »» 
between her Royal Hi ghnees the Princen of Widea and hbrRoyal' • 
Qigbneea the Prinoesa Cburlotte, ahodd eontiniie to be4ttl9eeL4ft> 
regolatioDs and restraint. m . 

We. bombly traat that we may be permitted* withoot hafaig^'^ 
thoogfat to exceed the limita of the dvty impoaed ott aa^ reepjot-^': 
fblly to express the jast sense we entertain of the notivea% vhi'dh 
yoor JRoyal Highness has been aetaaled in the poiApoiiemeaA'df ' 
the confirmation of her Royal Highness the Prrooess Charlotte* : 
as it appears, by a statement und^ the hand of her Majesty ihe^ 
Qneen, that; your Royal Highness has eeoformed* in this respect;^ 
to the declared will of his Majesty* irho had baen: pleased to' 
direct, that snch ceremony should not take place till her Royal 
Highness should have completed her eighteenth year. 

We also humhiy trust, that we may be farther pecmilted'la' 
aatice somcexpresaiotts in the letter of her Royal Hi gha ssa Iha * 
Princess of Wales* which may possibly be construed as imp^iog 
a charge of too serious a nature to be passed over without ob- • 
servation. We refer to the words—" suborned tradneers." . Aa* 
this expression* from the manner in which it ia Introdiloed* mhy, ' 
perhaps^ be liable to misconstructions (however, ippposeible it nriiy 
be to suppose that it can have been so intended], to bav/e refeilonte 
to some part of the conduct of your Royal Highnesq* we feel it - 
our bounden duty not to omit this opportunity of deefcfiilg; tlMil :* 
the documents laid before us* afforded the most ample proof thai 
there is not the slightest foundation for such an aspersipn. 

(Sigued by the privy counsellors as above. } i 

That tne Princess of Wales, after sitcb treat*- • 
ment as she had experienced from the ministftrs of > 
the crown did not break out into open' rebellion '« 
was owing to her high sense of duty as ^ subjeot, 
and her immoveable love of p^ace ^nd of tbe-cqajitry .; 

19. 3 k 



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442 

V^htch hud adopted her. Most certiiinly no other 
woman would have bornei with like patience and 
resignatiooi such repeated, anprovoked, and ud- 
oieriied inmilt. Not a litile of blame was justly 
imputed to her — not a shadow of guitt is even 
charged upon her — from aU circumstances of con- 
duct of a criminal nature she was solemnly cleared 
by those very men who still thought it their duty to 
advise the Prince Regent to deny to his wife an 
unlimited intercourse with her only child I And 
this they also accooipanied with the most injurious 
insinuations, as if a restricted intercourse between 
the mother and daughter was necessary to the 
welfare of the latter. I dare not trust myself with 
any attempt farther to remark on this nefarious and 
cruel proceeding. That there shoolc} have been 
fo^nd above a score of men of rank, character, and 
^ pretensions to British feeling, amongst whom were 
three archbishops, and one bishop, to give their 
sanctioii, or lend themselves to such a measure, 
merely to gratify the persotial *^ inclinations** of one 
man, will continue to astonish, as it has already 
astonished, all Europe ; and is a blot in the history 
of our country, which centuries will not wipe away. 

We rDUst hasten to the conclusion of this long 
and painful chapter, though it were no verv difficult 
tosk to extend it by the relation of those numerous 
instances of marked insult and neglect which at 
length compelled her Royal Highness to quit this 
country, for a season, to travel on the Continent. 

The remainder of the year 1813, and more than 



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443 

half of the year folbwing, were spent by the PriU'^ 
eest of Wales in almost eomplete retirement. Now 
and then Aa made her appearance in public ; and on 
one oooasioii she happened to-be at the Opera the 
eama eirening that the Prince Regent and the royal 
visiters^ who were then in England, were there. 
The Emperor of Russia, the King of Prussia, and 
other noble personages, arrived in London on the 
3th of Blay, 1814; and on the 11th of May at- 
tended the Opera. Her Royal Highness, attended 
by Lady C. Campbell, and other ladies, sat in the 
opposite box. On her entrance into the bouse she 
^jpas received with loud and contiaued plaudits. 
Her royal huabiind, and the continental sovereigns 
who accompanied him, rose and bowed to her;, 
and she in retorn acknowledged the honour by a 
aimilar salutation. Would to God the same de^^ 
meanoiir, cold as it was, had been uniformly ob* 
V^rved towards her Royal Highness. Bot very 
different, indeed, has been the spirit manifested 
against this unfortunate lady ! When the sove- 
reigns of Bnrope visited this country, a ctrawing- 
Toom was necessary to receive them ; but from this 
drawing*room her Royal Highness was most in<* 
aoltingly ei^cluded ! From that period, therefqro, 
abe determined to retire to the Continent, although 
it was evident that she could not ex})ect much 
courtesy from those foreign courts, then in such 
strict friendship with our own. 

This exclosion of ^er Royal Highness from the 
drawing-room of tlie Queen produced somejspirited 

3k 2 



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444 

remi^rka from ber Royal Highness worth; of notice*. 
Afler the Queen had announced her intention of 
holding the first of them, she addressed a note to 
^ the Princess of Wales, stating, that she considered 
it to be her duty to lose no time in acquainting the 
Prinpess of Wales that she had received a com^ 
munication from ber son the Prince Regent, in 
in which he stated, that her Majesty's intention of 
holding two drawing-rooms in the ensuing month 
having been notified to the public, he must declare, 
that he considered that his own presence at her 
court could not be dispensed with; and that he 
desired it might be distinctly understood, for reasons 
of which he alone could be the judge, to be hi$ 
fixed and unaUerabk determination not to meet the 
Prmeess of Wales upon any occasiofif either in 
public or private. The Queen was therefore placed 
under what she called the painful necessity of in- 
timating to the Princess of Wales the impossibility 
of her Majesty's receiving her Royal Highness at 
her drawing-room. 

To this cruel message ber Royal Highness re* 
plied, that though she could not so far forget her 
duty to her King and herself as to surrender her 
right to appear at any public drawing-room to l>e 
held by her Majesty : yet, that she might not add 
to the difiiculty and uneasiness of ber Majesty's 
situation, she should, in the present instance, yield 
to the will of his Royal Highness the Prince 
Regent, and should not present herself to the 
drawing-rooms of the next month. 



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445 

It could not, however, be expected that her 
Royal Highness should pass over. in entire sHence 
the expressed determination of her Royal husband, 
never maref on any occasion, to meet her, in public 
or private. On the 26th of the same month, there- 
fore, she addressed a most spirited letter to the 
Prince Regent, demanding to know what circum- 
stances could justify the line of conduct in regard 
to her which he had thought proper to $idopt. 
The following is a coj very spirited 

letter :— 

" Sia, 

" I am once more reluctantly dress your Royal 

Highness ; and 1 enclose, for your inspection^ copies of a note 
which I have had the honour to receive from the Que^, and of 
the answer which I have thought it my duty to reitiirn to her Ma* 
jesty. It would be in vain for me to inquire into the reasons of 
the alarming declaration made by your Royal Highness, that yoii 
liave taken the fixed and unalterable determination, fiever to meet 
me iipofi any vccasum, either in public or private. Of these 
yoor Royal Highness is pleased to state yourself to be the only 
jadge. You will perceive, by my answer to her Majesty, that I 
have only been resthiined by motives of personal consideration 
towards her Majesty from exercising my right of appearing before 
her Majesty at the public drawing-rooms to be held in the ensuing 
month. 

** But, Sir, lest it should be, by possibility, supposed that ih6 
wordk of your Royal Highness can convey any insinuation froni 
which I shrink, I am bound to demand of your Royal Highnesi, 
what circumstances can justify the proceedings yon have thus 
thought fit to adopt 

" I owe it to myself, to my daughter, and to the nation, to 
which I am deeply indebted for the vindication of my honour, to 
remind your Roynl Highness of what you know,— -that, after opeii 
persecation, and mysterious inquiries upon undefined charges, the 
malice of my enemies fell entirely upon themilelVes ; and that I 



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446 

waa reit^nd by the King, with i\k^ ainpfi of his niiii)«Uf«> to. the 
fall enjoyment of my rank in bis cpurty upon my oemplete ae- 
qaittal. Since bis Majesty's lamented illness, I have demanded, 
in the face of Parliament and the country, to be proved guilty, m* 
tt.ho treated as innocent. I have been declared innoeenl, I will 
not submit to be treated as guilty. 

" Sir, your Royal Highness may possibly refuse to read this 
letter ; but the world must know that I have written it, and they 
will see my real motives f>r foregoing, in this instance, the rights 
of my rank. Occasiona, however, may ariae, (one, I trust, is fac 
distant,) when I must appear in public, and your Royal Highness 
moat be present also. Can your Royal Highness have contem- 
plated tbe full extent of your declaratian ?' Has your Royal 
Highneaa forgotten the approaching marriage of our daughter^ ^ 
the possibility of our coronation ? I wave my rights in a case 
whew I am not absolutely bound to asaert them, in ord«r to re- 
^y^ the Queen, as iar as I can^^ from the painful sitoatioa in 
lyhich she ia placed by yopr Royal Highness, not from any coar 
lljiauaneaa of btone^ not from any doubt of the existence of those 
figkt«, or of my own wortbineaa to enjoy thenp. 
. " Sif> tb^ time you jbave aelected fqr this proceeding is cakfi* 
)i^^ tP maJke it peculiar); galling.. Many illustrious stnw9gQrs a^f 
fdready arrived in Englainl; afuoogat. whojiv as I am infi^rmo^ 
^ illipi^lriops k^ of tjba h^usa of Qrang^, who has aiuwwic^ 
(IWfeK to i9e a^. my iutwe «ou-in4aw; from theK «^#ty 1 ^» 
fifiuatly ^XQladed* Others are expec^d of equal fan)^ ^.JW 
OWffi^ tqi^^e with your R«»yal Higbness on the peai^ of Gu^^lM^ 
My dl^wM^ ^y^ % ^^ 6^*^ ^^' appeal; in tk^ aplend0iw a«d 
pi«UiQity ht^omiMg ttu^ appjroachng nuptials of the presumptm 
heiress of this >empire» This season your Royal Highneaa :bsa 
^hosen for IvwIiMg me with fresh au^ «9|^rovoked indignity ; and^ 
of all his lifJUll>^yA«Hl9ecta» t alone aqi prev^ted h^ your Royal 
lUghfie^ fn^ app«ar>IBg iojpy piam* ia paftake «/ tbe gamaral 
joXj aMd am deprived of the indnlg^^ie in those feelings of pHde 
and affection permitted to evtry mother but m^ 
« I am. Sir, 
^ Your Royal Highness's fhithful wife, 

" CAROLINE P." 

«< Coimmtght tlim$e, ilf«y26, 1814.^ 



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447 

Some further correspondence took place> and 
QO the 8d of June the Speaker of the House oi 
Gommoas anoouaced the receipt of a letter (rMr 
her Boyal Highnesi, strong^ly animadvcttitlg^'U^onf 
ibe dang^rontt nature of the fixed aqd unal^rable 
defcemunation of the Prince Regent nerei* more to 
meet her^ and enclosing, for the infomiation 6f Ihel 
Hoiise^ the correspondence which had passed 6n 
thih oecaston. 

After the corre8pondence had been rmd, Mti 
MeChaen mov^d, that ati humble address be pffe^ 
sented to the Prince Regent, to pray his Roj^al 
Highness that be would be graciously pleased to^ 
inform the House by wh6se advice he bad b^eti 
induced to form the determination alluded <o« 

la the speech which the honoorable md^er made 
on that occasion we have the following very ani«' 
mated eiclamatipns : '' What, Sir/* said he; 
** shall the boasted liberty of this country bd 
henceforth considered as but an empty name! 
Shall that soil, which has been hitherto sAid Id 
confer, instantaneously, freedom on the most ab« 
ject slave who had the good fortune to tread it^^ 
. must this sacred soil, lose its long' acknowledged 
charm, and sink to the lowest level iit the scale of 
nations! Shall this House^ distinguished as it hat 
been in the cause of humanity, in the cause of tbH 
poor African, deny the smallest portion of the same 
christian-like balm, to heal the wounds of a Prai'* 
cess? Or is it for the slave alone that the maoiy 
heart can feel, or the «loq<fent tongue can plead?'* 



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448 

— ^In t^e debate, which was carried on with closed 
doorst ministers contended that it was not withiii 
the province of the House of Commons to interfere 
io/the business.*— Mr. Bathurst sensibly declared, 
that,' in his opinion, the more appeals were made 
to tjb^ public, and the more this unhappy subject 
shquld he agitated, the more irritation would be- 
Ifrodpced by it, and the more injury would be done 
to the peace of the royal fainily. At length Mr. 
Methuen, in the expressed, hope that the rigorous 
proceeding announced against the Princess would 
not be acted upon at the approaching drawiag- 
rpoms,. consented to withdraw his motion. 

Op the 7th of July, the day of general thanks-* 
giving for the peace, means were taken to prevent 
her Royal Highness from going to St. Paul's 
cathedral, because the Prince Regent would be 
there! Here was displayed the first indicatioR 
of the full extent of that deep-rooted hostility to 
wards her Royal Highne&s, which has not con- 
tented herself with what, by comparison, may be. 
called insults of a worldly or temporal nature, but 
has carried its resentments even to the throne g/^ 
God, notwithstanding the solemn and divine comr, 
mand, first to agree with an adversary before we 
offer any gift .at the altar. It was the same spirit, 
that excluded the Princess pf Wales from divine^ 
service in St. . PauFs and the name of ^ Queen 
Cai:olioe from the Liturgy of the Church ! This 
puerile attempt to enlist the majesty of heaven in 
the cause of a profane quarrel between two sinful. 



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449 

OtfrtuM, borders no MPMg\f upon downright itn- 
l^ety, that I dare not venture to express my fuH 
opinion of an act so unchristian- like and ungodly. 

1 will not swell the present volume with all tbe 
parliamentary proceedings respecting the provision 
inadfi for the Princess of Wales. A brief outJine, 
hoyrever^ will b^ requisite to show the disinterested 
character of her Majesty, who, during a period of 
ais years, with a generosity offering, nnd a disin- 
t^Msled f alriotisni hut seldom saanifesCed in princes, 
gave up to the nation the sum of Jijfieen thousatid 
pamuk crery year I 

On the 23d of the same mopth, howerer, Mr. 
Methuen iBOved a resolution, for the House to take 
iata oonsiderjution the correspondence wbidi had 
JaBcin ooiiimn«icated lo the Speaker by the Princess 
of Wales; but, in ^pporting thatjnotion, instead 
of lAsiating upon the indigrikies and injosi ice 
wiiith, her Royal Highness's friends bad /con- 
tended, had been offered to the jnother of onr 
failure sovereign, be dwelt chiefly upon llie neces* 
^Bly of iodreasiiig Uio establislu^ent of her Roysd 
HigfaAese. ^* Sir,*' said he, ^ when the Princess cf 
Waias Hiarried, ahe Aiad ao allowance of 17,4)001. 
a«»y«V from iiis B^mi Highness the Prince ot' 
Wales, besides 5,0002. a* year :i»hicb she received 
iiBom tfie exchequer. In 1800, bis Royal Highi>esa 
aentdier a message, informing her, tbat in cdnse- 
^enre of his own embarrassments, be could allow 
lier only 19,000/. a year. In 1*809, bis Royal 
ttighoess 4indeKook U> pay ber Royal Hig4m€ss*K 
19. 3l 



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450 

debts, amoDfitinp to 40,000/. and to restore her 
annoftl allowance to its ong^inal sum of 17,000^ 
For nine yeam, therefore, her Royal Highness had 
5^000/. a-year less than when she resided at Carlton 
House, and had no separate establishment to main- 
tain. The consequence was obvious. Her Royal 
Highnesses iucome was so iiiiadeqoate to her ex* 
penditure, that, in July .last, she was under the 
necessity of reducing her establishment to seven 
domestics, and of almost entirely giving up seeing 
company/' — Lord Castlereagh observed, in reply^ 
that it was the first time Parliament had been told 
that an increased provision for her Royal Highness 
was the object that her friends had in view. 
'^ There never was,'' said his lordship, ** I am folly 
convinced, a feeling in his Royal Highness's mind» 
that any thing like money (mght to be a question 
between them. In the year 1800, when his Royal 
Highness found that the Princess was in debt, he 
said, rather than that should be thrown on the 
public, he was ready to take on. himself the pay* 
ment of her debts, and to add 5^000/. to her inconle, 
making it in all 22,000/* provided that he bad any 
reasonable assurance that no debt, contracted * by 
her, should in future be brought forward agaitist 
him. This was agreed to, and a solemn deed was 
prepared, assuring the separation of the parties. 
At Che time alluded to, the Prince of Wales had aa 
income of 120,000/. which, after deducting the pro- 
pertj^tax, was 108^000/.; and, after deducting the 
further sum of 40,000/. which the Prince had an* 



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451 

nually devoted towards the payment of his debts, 
many of which bad been contracted at a period of 
life Ibat rendered them of an extremely question- 
able natore, amounted to no more than 70|000/. 
Previously to the year 1800, 12,000/. a-year out of 
that 70,000<. was paid to the Princess of Wales ; 
SD.that the 5,000/. additional, allowed in 1800,:with 
that 12,000/. made, in all, a dedaction of 17,000/. 
from the income of the Prince, reducing it to 
53,000/. The debU of the Princess amounted to 
49,000/. (they amounted, in reality, to 80,000/. but 
they had been reduced to the former sum in consei- 
%oeoce of a grant^from the droits of admiralty), 
and, to liquidate that debt, the Prince undertook 
to set apart 10.000/. a-year^ reducing his annual 
income to 43,000/. as Prince of Wales, which, 
with 13,000/. from the Duchy of Cornwall, was 
t^e whole of the sum on which he was reduced to 
live. 1 question," said his lordship, '' H ever 
there was « . husband who made greater sacrifices 
for the cbittl^mble establishment of bis wife than 
the Prince <)it lii^nles then did. However the con- 
duct of his Royal Highness may be tortured, and 
whatever unfavourable construction may be put 
upof) it, I defy any person to say that he ever be- 
trayed any thing of a vindictive nature towards 
her, or the smallest wish tp interfere with her so- 
cial comforts. On the coqlrary, he made sacrifices 
wlMch no other husband in the land, had he been 
brought before Parliament, would have.beei\ called 
00 to make. So far from the existence of the colour 

8L2 



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4At 

of mind which, has been faUety ttttriboled' lo him 
Ro^tt Hif bneas^ if he eonld possibly ff«vtf in** 
erealed ber inoome^ without h^\hg suppofetf to be 
tHiokUi^ with the bftse attack* whieh weta tonii^ 
aoatly mtde oti him, he \i^Ould n6t hMd Waited (W 
tlie tuggestion of his minidtlil^, ttkd Iib6 ditiM- 
tangle^l herself from thu ba^ eabul by wbotti ab« 
#Uli gurrotanded. With ibft gf^eat^ni gatisfMiion b« 
wMtd hav« entered into the feeling* oC- her wAtitft 
kiiiiiirif^ iknd n6t have toffered hi* family M b^ 
difagg^, M it hfcd tof^rt, befbt-e the pnbtic/'^^Hkr 
lordahip inlittiiited, thAt apotl a future day, he 
sbWikI have ti6 objet^tion to *iiblfiit to the Ht^use M 
pio^k\ (br M increase of int!t)tne to iht ^riiio«e*. 
•^Mr. Mutbiien ag&ia withdrew his ibotion. 

On the 4th of July; in a comMtttfe^ Lord OM- 
tteteagh accordingly rO*^ to propose Ihkt *Uch an 
kierea^e Hbotild he made to the income of the Prhi» 
<a** of Walts }kh #odld enable bef lo maiAtain att 
«Mabli»blitetit hkore sttit^d to h^r Mation in this 
eiMMtry ; and his thought, that tho mast desii-aMe 
method wottkt be to raise it to thkt point to whkib 
it #odM he advanced itt the (^velit of the di^tfa of 
the Pi'lnc^ Regiiht. H(6 proposal, therefore^ #as^ 
that the net i^nnual som of 50,000/. ihould bll 
gf'Mt^ to the Piinces*, and that the 5,000/. tlhd 
17fOOO/. Which she then ^njoV^d, ilhoold be Wittl- 
heM from the Prince Regent's iiMome. 

In H subsequent stage of this business Lord 
ChMlereagh trailed the attei^li\^a of the Hoase to a 
iMbU'^^ich bad beeti redeived by ttes oh«rtiviari of 



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tiMi comnlittM^ ft'omf h« P^ine^M ^f Wales, i» ^bith 
her ftdyal Hi^bnesfi^ tnHmitted, Iba*^ an «he <«daM 
tiot consent to ftDy addition to th<^ bimheM df tbe 
pM|>i^i bdydhd iHMtt hef !(il€fatioit migtit ^ppe^r M 
^^uiM^ It urcmld ^be mdfe Mtttifocit>i»7 to hei- if th* 
votie of the cottimitted foi* kn Ullo^aac^ of dU,O0Of. 
pe¥ Mimm M9ete tMuced to ^»000/. Mf . Wlitt^ 
bread,: hi etpladatiOd, dttid, that WhM dOfisnlled 
open the subject by her Kojal >Highness, be bad 
stated to her» thai ibe sum of fiCHOOQ/. Was iiMp^ 
proved of by him, as beitig l^rg^ tbftn dMMtti^ 
stanceif teqUTfed-^htg^r than what he codfdcofei^ent 
to vote for— and laVger than what he thought tlie 
noble lord ooght to have proposed^ He lboQ||fh^ 
thai tta« Mifi^ of aft^OOOf a^yeav was a«itply suffioiinn 
and in that opinion h^r Royal Highhe^s most per- 
fectly acqivie^cfd. After spme discnssioD, in Ibo. 
course isf ishseh Mr« Wbitbread^ aod otbersy who» 
im\ been the advii^et^s bf the Pt*incejls dorihg thes^ 
proceedings^ endeavoured to vindicate their con-* 
doot from the imputation of having been the agi<^ 
tst^rs of the business, the recotttttiendatioii of her 
Hoyal Highness was adopted, and a bill was passed 
for settling upon her the minor sum of 9ifi00i%» 

I have already related the anecdote ,6r ber Royal 
Highness tbe Princess Charlotte's leaving Carlton 
House in a hackaey-ooaek^ end have given soaid 
ai(^oaht of her intended marriage with the Ftxhtt^ 
of Orange, incidents which, at the time, created a 
very gre«t sensation, and, probably, in conyoMtieiir 



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454 

wUh tbte general Jioe of conduct pursaefl towards 
k^r by ber royal husband and. his court, induced her 
Royal Highness to quit this country. The motives 
by which she was mainly influenced in generously 
accepting the sum of 35,000/. instead of 50,0001. and 
in determining, contrary to the advice of some of her 
best friends, to travel abroad, are exhibited in the 
following highly interesting correspondence : — 

Letter from her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales to Lord 
Idoerpool, Jirst Minister to the Prince Regent^ dated Cte- 
. naught House, 26ih July. 1814. 

" The Prioo^tt of Wal«s reqoefU Lord LiTerpool to laj before 
Ihe Prince Regent the contents of this letter. 

'^ Actuated by the most urgent motive, that of restoring trao- 
^•iifity to the Prince Regent, as well as to secure the peace of 
i|npd of'whteh she has been for so oaoj years deprived, the Prjn- 
oesa of Wales, after mtture reflection, has resolved to return to 
the Continent. This resolution ought not to surprise the ministers 
of' the Prince Si^^nt, considering the trouble and disagreeable 
experience- of the Princess, for *%o long a tine ; and still more, 
after th6 indignity and mortification to whicli she has been ex- 
posed, by being withheld from receiving her nearest relations, and 
the most intimate friends of the late Dnke of Brnnswick, lier 
Mlostritins father. 

. ** The Princess is extremely anxious that the Prince Regpenl 
should be informed of the motives, and clearly comprehend her 
past conduct, as politically exhibited. — In exacting a jastificetion 
from this noble nation,— her sole protection since the nnfortttnato 
indisposition of the King,— she is to be understood as solieiUMia 
only to maintain her rights and her honour, which are dearer to 
fier than life itself. 

** The Princess of Wales would have undertaken her projected 
tour kmg befcre, if she had. not been prevented by the brsaking off 
of the projected marriage of the Princess Charlotte with the Prince 
of Or&nge. She conid not resolve to leave her daughter withoat 
protection, at a period so critical. The Prince Regent having 
phMod to eslaUisb tbe new married couple at the Hague, the 



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45i» 

Princess <);iiftrlolte, on that acconnt principally/ decKiied tffve 
match.' UftvlHittg^ la proTc any obstacle to folare arrangeiaeni 
favoarabte to the happiness of her daughter^ the Princess of Wales 
has at length resolved to return to Brunswick, her native country! 
She may afterwards travel into Italy,-and Ofeecer wf^ere she may 
probably be able to seleclan agreeable abode, and live in it for 
some years. The Princess flatters herself that the Prince R^ent 
will have no objection to this design. 

"The Princess of Wales requests Lord Liverpool to represent 
to the Prince' Regent,- thai she resigns Montague House, And Ih^ 
litle of Ranger of Greenwich Park, in favour of her daughter, aS 
also the house bequeathed to her by her mother. The Prineess of 
Wales hopes the Prince Regent wiH grant this favour, the last she 
will solicit. 

" The Princess embraces this opportunity to explain the motives 
which have induced her to decline the grant of 60,000/. voted to 
her by the nation in Pariiament She expresses her most iively 
acknowledgment to this liberal and generoos nation for its willing- 
ness to grant her such a pefhsion during life; bulshe has only 
taken 35,000/. because, as the gift was intended to support her 
in her proper rank, and to enable her to bold a coort as besame 
the wife of the Prince Regent, the receipt of it would interfere 
with her views of travelling, and her purpose'to quit England hr 
a season. Such is the substance of her present commnnicatioh to 
Lord Liverpool, which the Princess would have made before, but 
for the fear of producing new debates in Parliament She hai 
therefore waited the rising of Parliament, and is now about to 
depart for Worthing, to embark, mil intending to return prevfonsly 
to London. 

" The Princess of Wales is happy to assure Lord Liverpool that 
she will ever be ardently solicitous for the prosperity and glory of 
this g^nerova natiott." 

Tbift commiiBicatioii wag evidentlj not displease 
ing* to the Prince Regent^ for three days afterwards 
Lord Liverpool made the following reply to it : — ^ 

Letter qfLard Liverpool to the Princets rf Wak$, the 28f& of 
July, 1814. 

'' Lord Liverpool has had the honour to receive the letter of 



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bit lEU)y%1 H jg|nie«i. Iflmug oomtmiimM ii jto i|n» t'r^^f 
fifig^\t ba |iiv9or<lei!erf hiffi t^ infin'm l)«r Royal UigtiiieM tbiit b« 
mfY iis^v^ BO pfa^ctiDii 4o .ibn iB^nMoni of Uer Itoy^l HMfbiHi^ to 
j^jSoct the jeMgn irhicb #be •pMuneeii t^-tlie Prince SegenI, of 
l«}i|raiog ^0 h^r natiw^ (KMiolry, |o visit b»r bro\b«r, llie Oi9k« ^ 
{(ri|Q4vi«i(j awiHug b«r ttfirt tb^ ?nnct lUf mii nili ncnr^r Uip»« 
oujr ab4^ck ia tb« wf y (^ bf r praaeiit or foMrt i9teQ)M»9, a» U 
the place where she may wisl) to r^ide* 

" Tbq Priiice ^^gent I^area entirely tp tbe Uherty of bef itogral 
Hlgpnms to exercise b^ own di^cetioiK as Ao berMMwie iu Una ' 
coa^lry <9r oiitbe,C<^lii^tMaa ijl; i^t^y ^ 4»QiMmie^ t« |fei«. ) ' 

*' Lord liyerpool i# aUo oon^ti^odf QP lib^ pfirt ^^^ajKrViMe 
^eg<ent, to inform lier Royal Higbpe^a, |ibat he yill not tbfov nnj 
obatacles la the way of tlie arrangements of her Royal Higfeiip99li» 
whatever tbej may be, leapectio^ tbe Imhm« at Blaobbe^ib, ^hich 
M(>im<>. Afi ihei lf4« J[>|icImmii of BryiKiw^, or U«^ i^ ^^^ 
pri^4l|t«#ffpp|BrAy of hfr fto>4 Uighipfs.. , ^H( MlVit, <i»r nmmpm 
catbep; txK) bug to exp|a4n«.Uie lE^rii^ JRiKPenI «t)l .p^ R^nwit*^ 
Pw^^ Chailftm jio b^ Jj^nger .9/ G^epf iffb ft#,,w»'M>./»cv!»|f 
^qy ^tbe|)9MBfg ^ 9JaqM)^^^b wbfcb bejr A^^l.\HiAfilnm« ba# 
iH^bpiV^ocpMM^ 

<^J^fd JUi]Korpooi. has alio, b^n f&njofp^ o» tfio pfirt <^ tbf 
l^iffoe Regei^^ before he pU)S^4 the letter vb^f^ b<^ Iv&s tbe ^ 

*bQ tw grUcifj^ f J»ioh b^ ft»j(aJl Ifigbifp^ .bM >WWM #« 1^ 
letter 4B0Dqcv-niAf:^U|e.^;upt¥F^ <(^ ^P W^m» 9( i^ ^m^^m - 
Chftr)»q^te. wijll^.ibp bei^edi^ry Ffiaqe o(Of^»W^ a* wet' »Pl4t4hf t 
ref^ftW fftC ,?fcv)i >*e a)l{^<} ^o^^iOTp 4iA p^t^ |irf^i9||»l|^tto,||)t^. ; 
departure' froip England^, pay their visit to her Royal .tt^hm|i|^i;. 
th^t, ^,*i> tjie.flffj »Tti,d|^a )I^ Iiiv^Hlfffl if wnw^^od Irysihft 1 
^Pr^ff j^ept .tQ. w/oripK b^ Etoy^l Di^^bum Uv4^lbq ^tum» 
Regent is not persuaded that the private confj4Ma^A|i% o^^tbe^ip)- , 
cumstances in which the Princess is placed can have been aa pb-. 
alacle t% the marriagB xif.tlie {^iaoes»iOharttille^^A» loi the so- 
eoi^i^^rt^l^ l#^d Vi^^^i^l .1' al#o.eiy99|e^ •fkit|)e.|||r( of litf(. 
Prince Itegeut, to si^ify to jb«r fiojal Uigboeas^ liiat IM Prup^P i 
Regent never opposed himself to tbe allied sovemgaa mi^iog a j 
vis^j^ bfir 1%^ Higba«s» 4ivi9tf\tii«ir.4l«4f. \p Im^^. ^« ^..v. t 

" Lord liiverpool hap,tbe hopf uc to !»«» >wlth.,aU Q6(ee«p^pfi fiffiu 
big|i^t^co«aideration,&c. &c.. .* . .* . . ^. ;...„• j.i^( 

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467 

^ P. 8.--^The Prinee Reg«nl can make no diffioaliiea cm the 
nkfeol of the directions which the Prieceee haa the intention of 
giTiog as to tiie house at Blackbeath ; neither will the Prince 
Regent oppose her Rojfal Highness's retaining the apartnents 
in the palaoe of Kenaington^ in the same manner as she pos- 
seaeed them while in London, for the couTeuieuce of herself and 
snite." 

On the game day that ber Royal Highness wrote 

to Lord LiverpooU she addressed another letter to 

Mr. Whitbread and his friends: of that letter the 

following is a copy : — 

iMier fram the Prineess of Wakt to Mr. fVhitbread, and Is 
hU Friends, dated 25th July, 1814. 

*' The Princess of Wales has the pleasure to inform, and frankly 
to avo# to Mr. Whitbread, that the is about to take the most ia* 
portent step in her life. She has embraced the resolution of quit* 
ting the coantry for a time, and haa written to Lord Liverpool to 
immediately inform the Prince Regent of her intention. The 
Princess encloses a copy of this letter to Mr. Whitbread, to in* 
form himself and friends of the plan of conduct which she has 
adopted. 

" The Princess is so persuaded of the well-known integrity of 
Mr. Whitbread and Mr. Brougham, that she caunot doubt but they 
would have proposed such a step, if motives of delicacy had not 
prevented them. The Princess is deeply penetrated with grati- 
tode for the attentions which they -have shown her, at all times^ 
and on all occasions. This kindness on their part has withheld 
her from asking their advice on the present occasion ; in every 
other instance, she assures them, she has always followed the sug- 
gestions of her advisers and friends, and conformed to their supe- 
rior intelligence. 

t' Her conscience tells her, that her conduct is worthy of her 
pharacter, and of her sentiments^ and will always remain so. She 
bap had sufficient leisure to reflect maturely before she adopted 
|ier present resolution. People who know not the character of the ' 
Princess may be disposed to believe that she has been induced to 
adopt this measure in a moment of ill-humonr : but she takes the 
Almighty to witness, that she has been intending to travel ever 

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m 

ve|ii!ed h^^^^ pri4e.tud loeUii|,.4)wi4fPr ^ 

dpre lo be degnic|e(l M^.^ ^^^ rank in this ^killg<kl■l* wFQ|i9|||f 
oil* !Wal(e«^^ iiid^Tiduiil, ,be»r.^ ^*M^/|f)t(^3lhy 

¥%^?yfe'*^5''r?^.^ ^e dfebarreil from livi,pKe«eiif:^ lifUi in fflMff 

to be trtiatfiil as a culnril. bv the Prince <lo4 iii> f<Mi^X> whea Mr 
l^l'lr'm^^ R^w'f^^''^^!^'*'^^^^^^ by miuuler^ amJ.by nniffi^i^ 
after an liivestigation which haa doiie yg«\ft ittfe Jff?3' ^ JS Mi Wf 

Usii Twf. *!f*«^5«* '•^^^Mg f?^^»M>*yj*f H}>!Kjali^acliQJv<5||j|fl|, 
Wt^iriSSl^*?^.^' reippitta burU]5tt,lo he^ WpW^SffJ^^flMW ^^BB^ 
are.ponUn^iaH)f ocqirriijg ^Wpb ^bljge .l)%iJKfd^m9»9^<imBMf 
adj^ocatesjo alep.. forward, in. her «lefci^^T(|^c|,.^^.^^|a|||ypJ|jg 
even. proved a aource 0/ di»aj;^reemtnt^be^fefi,)Vlff.WWibi^jy^ 
apart of hisfaroily. Jl.e cuouol, }»u|_reroci«l^-t^|it t)i0^^^^ 
lias been the cause of this differeoce^ fn4J^i/^iWit}};fL,yieij 
removal that she takes Uie pari w luck Mi^.auM^unoe^. ^^.^^ ,^^ 
./'.The Princess of Walts is de(}pl}| peneirajUd wfth tl^jjioy^ 
r'ofit;!^ of xhis brave natioQ, wbkb, after^l^^vin^.taken «o jiiv^ly.jiR9 
iatpcest ia her mi8fortp|iet> and in her si«ftriiiga« «s crfiel ^ t)^ 
^rj^ unjust^ so willingly a#brds ber the.mi?l|^ of ^^^'"C^.P^^^^Sl!!)^ 
.in.foture. She liop^s Uiui beir fratitad^ wbi^h wiU.o^ly.g^i|p 
with her existence^ will beoiie day renewed in Ibe PrioGie8».fJI(^- 
lotte, and that ber daughter will give proofs of ii«by bei;- ^Jtf\^^ 
the glpry and happiness of this kingdom^ by defendinf tjtua fights 
,qf .ber people ; and proving^ by ber onnduct^ i\)aX» great and^jj^ 
>rful as. site may be^j^h^ will not tyrannise ov^ri^uy one(^,j|{^g|gf 
because they jiave not <Uie good fortune to p)^4se ber. ... ^ {^^i^^ 
y. Tlie Prinsesa of Wales would probably liot kayo 4^w||f^j(p 
jsogot bad not the marriage of tlie .PfiH(;fiM.Cbarl9Mf£lf't4ih^ 
^Ipjyncf ?f . Orange, beeji, broken oi j^l ber owa ji|9l«iicc» ;.ft»jf# 
'her daughtfi^ is to her» abf co^lcf. not rei^v.^.tjf l^ave hev^iytbttf' 
pfotj^qtipii in. a situation luj .crilical. . xi* .Pfjn^^>/ai^fjp 4hai 

^p^r^yw ,. ..^ ,. , ,,. . , . „ ; ..j-.in;fj Lis 

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•'»^TIrt'lVJnce«s o*^«Im « assured MVW'ftrtttVe''lli^l^,4„'Ji'ili' 
CWaHotte will be more liapp^and.rtnqrth' 'i^^^ll'e^klelfVS'AV 
Wi'Wc^iflce. tl,.t. if she remains'sinre>'«L'fee>S;iii»^ 



.* ..iviiuvv, tii«», II Kiie remains some wme longer uniiuuxied. 
IliertW be fewer obstacles to her appiafance'^m^mYtffc Jitter 
WNrtlt, Ihe PriDlrfe Regent, may thus choose lVin68?syftiM 
»i*r. neantet relatfens to introduce her into society, rfiaV »]ie ma!^ 
WrtBy the pfeasores belonging t6 her a^fe. 'Und becomelJioliliia^ 
Vfth »h*'diiaracter lif ihe ihost distingiifched persons of ttie nation, 
dr^iMdi knowledge' 'Ae has hitherto been deprived bV''meaps 
Which stie^^rdceeds ft detoil. /nr'nu i3jTi; 

'* The Princess Cbariolte will the less feel the pfiva^lih pf't^^ 
itolHft^s s6ci%ty; as she' his been deprived of it Tor the i4o iast 
ySS^. Daring iMt time^ AVe or six months in succession have 
ffttSM'imy Vithontthe bother being allowed to see her daughter. 
SIre'VaSi (iven been rdfased the consolation of reqeiviug any of her 
l^ftatft; aiid tYins hei- regret at leaving her is lessened; ifor, al- 
UiiAtgh liTingln the Hatne capital, f bey were not allowed to speaks 
ereti when they me^ ill their airings. Her daughter's coachman 
was forbidden to slop/ and directed to act as if he knew not the 
carriage of the PHhcess of Wales. Thus to quit her will be but 
ffie grief of a day, whilst to remain is to plant daggers kl the. 
hdtoibii both of inether ind child. The Princess cannot rest in a 
aihiition so unforhitritte for herself, and so sneasy to others, and 
Ivaiirt that Mr.lfhitbread and his friebda will be affected by tl^ese 
cbtbiderations ; that their sentiments will accord- with her own, 
atid^that they will t^roVt of her resolotion. 

^' The Princess, befot'e "dhe ^ndii this long tetter, is solicitous 
t&SSkplifiD to heradvjli^ the most'nrgerit reasoh for her iqtiitting/ 
ikSglkni; and to shew thyih that delicacy has obliged Her to pdt. 
herself under the proiiedibn* of this great and generous natiorf, 
*ihVAlj^MI^ other r^gtr^incethe ihdisj^osttioh of the King: ^^ tiow 
"idikU'Vas it cost h^to tekke^ublie^this dbcltfraCioVk^that'Wro 
*J^^*l«t th^ Aittce Regettt'has b^n her ihost Kiretferate ertfeUiji, 
'NmUmkI upon by tilse accost antfen^mlen to her honbuk'-^ ''*^* 
^«f*l%at whfdb' reiideri' her Sitdafiort itlllttiorefemiferrbteia^S, 
iUit^ihttgeAe^ibr bktftfM ha^ slilii^ Vbore devotibn XbmMUhA^f 
Hfim tb it^raler^ Wbb Wgtit C6'he'th^ btessin'g^nd'grbty^Rh 
llc«{^: The Prfn'c^*h<(^es, that Wh^n she has ^uitt^ Eikj^lkdtf, 
*tWWnei Ref^^f VRFtiiiik^ fM\6 hik <!6nVicti^ that her coiMiia 
add character have not merited reproach ; and thtrebfy^WgttS^ 

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tbti *ptf)*UrUy wM^ils dM to him on tht ^rl of this nMe^ 

. To (hisktt^f Mr.WhitbrMd reUirned the «>lf 

Laigt'0/Mr. WhMretdtQthe Prineea ^f Wiie$, tke Ut ^ 

** Mr. Whitiiread issnres her Bxtyd Higlraew the PrtotefS i»C 
Wa^t^ lh«t be Iub no/ been at all surprised at the resolution with 
which she has been plei^ed to AC(|naint him ; it cannot but give 
bifrt mncli'pain to think that he will not be able to enjoy the ami* 
aUf^society of the Princess for some time. E?ea m heKmbaence^ 
his z^al for her future happiness will be at all times^ and in ever^f; 
place, hia only object : he will prove it by his cares and his acti- 
vity, and by his unalterable attachment, in contributing ' to the 
kap^iaess of the Princess Charlotte, whose integrity! of oharaotec 
should suffice to form his motive. 

" In concluding this letter, Mr. Whitbread only wishes to re- 
iterate his sentiments of devotion, and of zeal for her re-estabish- 
ment in all the rights of the empire over which she is one day to 
»«ign. 

" SAMUEL WHITBREAD." 

Finding' it impossible she should live in tbiscoon* 
try with any degree of comfort, we here see that her 
Bciyal Highness determined to retire to the Cjpn- 
tf i^ni, there to Mek» by travel, and the society of 
tlioa^ ivbd wonid not be constantly employed .^% 
l^nd^jripff her life miserable^tbat amisemepti ml} 
quietude of mind, denied to her at bome. Ao? 
^rdii^ly^ on the 9th of Angusti 1814, her Royal 
mgbn^ss the Princess of Wales embaiked.at.d 
p}%ce ne^r Worthing, in the fri^ie J«mip for Uid 
f^l>ti«ent. Her R<^bI Highbessarrivvd at Ibe 
St^ip Hotel about half-past four o'clock^ wlie» 
Cpfitain Rio|r oot being ready^ as be wasekpect«^ 



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accompanied by Lady Charlotte Liodsay, Mdi!^ 
AMtifi, and Mtti« ol)Mr«^]Jeii$6tia||1^6 of ber <siliito,i'to 
South Lancing, a place about two mtleaiTomWartbiJ 
i(ig^ wishiof to avoid thegaae.4^ the lAuUitaie^ 
and the tears which she dMW^'froai efery eye that 
beheld bei^aflfeetingdepartare. <' ^ '^ ^' '^^' 
'I cannot pass unobserved the fadt^ that from the 
v(|ry day ^ hour of her Bojal Hiffhnes9Vqai;^il|g[ 
tMi^euaiUry she was^doeely. watdied, aDdimUliet* 
footsteps marked a^ if she had beeo guilty of some 
notorious offence, or was some person of habits 
and propenaitiee' dai^^eroas to the poUtc. When 
her Royal Highness arrived at the ^ein Hotel; as 
just stated, she there found some of the heads of the 
Bow Street paUic office ! But they were not tbev« to 
protect her; for having been denied the protection c^ 
her husband, her daughter, her royal and Venerable 
fiEither-in-law, she wanted no prete^^tor but heaven, 
and that she had. For what purpose th^ iHno^ehf 
— ^the exiled — wife of the Priniee Reg^nt^ shouM 
be hunted and watched by Bow StreM officer;? wiH 
ever remaiti a secret, except to thc^^ igncMi^'breilcMi 
ihlft had so long harboured the most teteofl^ihiia 
litijust prejudice againM her. • » • ^^'p 

^'' 'Before I close this^melaneholy chapter^ we^mtlM 
briefly ooliee the last interview which' «hi9am^iibk4 
but affliolect Priuoess bad* with her 5elov<>d^aind 
adorad daaghter^ the Princees Charbtte. It #as, 
iMked>4i'moet affeetiog^Kenei I uaaniit^ o0 course; 
ffMend te 4m?6 -witnessed it>' atid must, ibetehre\ 



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content myiself with the tteot information, I htive 
been able; aftei; no little pains taken for tlie ppr-» 
TOTO^tocollectJ jTh^^^ imagination, how- 

even will' qonftpreheud much more than any 
description in waiting, can convey to him. When 
the ^LOMtie^^ P^^ his faithful coropankms, 

Aat!)!*lie p^^ bound in the sipi.rU W Jerusalem^ 
^otj^nowing wbntshould thero be^^M he did 
not specie more afectiiigly than t(iis r?o|!; ^worthy 
anci excellent woman,, whei^ she J^r^t ajigojiiiced b^r 
finW to travel intpfor^^^^ remote 

regions to her weeping daughter. 

Xn ordinary life, leave-taking is aWays i^n f^ffept- 
ing scene. The last look— the la^Vt embrace— the 
last salutation of friends and relativen, aire always 
more than usually sincere, afflicting, and solemn. 
And, here let os fancy to ourselves a mother, ban- 
ishe^r/w no crimen from her husband;, driven from 
her natural liome, and from an only and beloved 
child-T-deprived, by one of the most afflicting of 
all the dispensations of Divine. Providenc^— in- 
ganity — of her great an^ only protector/ and ^sove- 
reign-r-exiled and, forsaken-raliuut to tfkejfqr.aujj^ 
tiling she knew to tlie contrary,; ajlaW Hfigerin^ 
look** on the land that] had adopted h^r, iii^ whos^ 
oeopleV hearts she ^qnlinuedto .reign-^maginA 
I say^ -ibis es^alted, yet depressed-— this^ puni^hed^ 
yetj innocent victim. o(. prejudice ^nd malice, Jusl^ 
aboiii to be severed from the only t)e^ that cool^^ 
have bound ber to her country and her home^-r-a, 
beloved, a fptithful, and an only daiighter— and ib^ 



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reader *oF sensibility will require no v^rbal.cfelmea^ 
lion of that heart-rending^ scene-rrthe last interview 
of these illustrious indiTidoak. . TTheexpi^^ssioKiior 
mutual endearment were often r4^peated---vb.>j^0 ojf 
eternal affection were a thousancl, times 'inter* 
changed — hopes and prayers for happier cfajs and 
returning prosperity were offered'up, whjlU fl<^8 
of tears left half expressed the last painfqi'adieu^y 
None but feinaies' were present; for that was^a 
ficeqethat Would have brokeif'the unyielding, h/earl 
of man. On ^dman, whose feelings, tliougii hot 
less acute, that afflicting siglk would sooner lose its 
most piiijiftirefiects in the unrestrained indulgence 
of keeping :' the arrows of the heart would be 
softened f)y the ^mojUient balm of a tear, t^e free 
use of which is denied to man. 

Ah! but coulathefe illustrious personages haye 
theii known W|iat the inscrutabie designs of rro-. 
vidence had in reversion for ^I6i;n, and^iii^t s^ 
speedily to be ri^alized, yfh%t a still stronjg^r degr|^ 
of intensity would, at the moment of tjieir separa* 
Cion, have been imparted to their sorrows ! WSat 
^ould hfer Royi|I Highness the J*rincess^ of , WaiX^ 
jin^ve^Tblt, could she. thjEfU 'have ^ad the ren^p^est 
tliought 'that 90 very, soon she would be^ iqr.ever 
dhitdless! And^ how ^outd ^er noble-spirjttea 
daughter have sustained ll^ tbougM^ could/soe 
'^''^ 'foreseen tlie^thbusaitd, ills that awai^q heif 




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464 

tioQ, that her Royal Highness wootdi within fH6 ' 
short space of six yeaTs, be deprived of eve^y ' 
earthly tie» and that every new loss woold be ae-» ' 
companied by some new indignity-^some fresh 
attack on her life — her^ honoar--i-her fieace — he**" 
eharacter. Wise is God in all his ways, and jasl" 
in all his dealings : << verily he is a God that hid^fh 
himself/* and keeps from the knowledge of his 
creatures both the real and the apparent evil that ' 
awaits their destiny : 

He plants his footsteps in the sea, 
Ani rfdes upon the storm. 

.Cowpsa. 

A writer of the life of Queen Caroline is insen- 
sibly led almost into the visions of romance. The 
facts he has to relate-— the adventures he is called 
upon to recount — the details it is his doty to lay 
before his reader^, have rather the appearance of 
events that have been; than as circumstances pass- 
ing under his own eye, and records of his own agel ^ 
The very idea of a vranderingi persecuted, aflflicted, 
and sorrowing Princess, belongs rather to the fkiry 
tales of former and darker ages, than to the eif- 
lightened, the philosophical, the rationally religions 
and moral days of the nineteenth century. ^^ Btit^, ' 
alas ! we have had reason to know that the r^igti ' 
of tyranny is not yet quite at an end— that fkfit 
trinmphs of philosophy and religion are not qoile 
complete. We have not Jet seen •* captivity 1^ 
captive," but have still abundant scope for the e%^''\ 
ercise of our faith, and the demands of pari^'** 



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405 

hQ|f« i^d. ^vw^fniififisit^f^ When ti|p jnoooei^pe of ^ 
afi^elj fQBmle^ nod t^t female a Princess ^^ \ 
Qui^,. has Qot proved a secon^^ from the' ^h^^ 
ofi.MvrsecatioD, apd the beliish itia<;hjnatioris oJF 
inveterate malioei it beeoofiefl ei^ery inferior r'in- 
d^^nal to look well to himself^ last the eTi( 
spirit that woulc} destroy the prince should traawle ! 
dg^frn the peasant. And when we reflect tbat^fp^o ; 
siifi^h spirit as this has discovered Hseif even in 
Britiirii Courts* it is the daty of every good CbristiaQ 
stfil more fervently to pray^ that the Ghreat Giver 
of all good would at length listen to the petitions 
of His |9Mrp^ smd grant them a speedy reply to 
th^r requests^ when they cry unto him to '' endue 
the Itmis of the coencil, dod all the nobility, with 
gfiuse^ wisdoin» and understaodingj" Grace^ in- 
d^, (hey may have had ; but it is greatly to b^ 
fefired^ that it was not that grace which' puriBes 
tha heurt, and leads to lowliness of spirit. WiS" 
dam .Cf(nnot be denied them; but has it always 
bef fit jejlpffciised in conjunction with the barmlessness 
of.A^t\ ^oveP.aad without this divine union^ the . 
wf9fj|pm of- the lyerpent is of no very desirable kind. 
i:^|^fcf^iii^^ ^also belonged to them} for they 
uni^^tan^ tbp art of keeping their places, under 
cify8|^t4ji|[^,wl^(;h, i^^ better day s, would have| 
of^fdfWit^ men, Ihan they. 

^^1^ jior i^yidb Highness embarked for the ^ 
C|%|iu^i|t^, her • s«ite oonsisted of ■ the following^ 
P^flWWf l^djj.Phnrle^tft Vndsay, and Lady Blita* ^ 
h^«S]Mb^^ .Who were her maids of honour ; MA^ 
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4«6 ^ 

St. Leger ; Sir William Gell, (he enli^^hteoed aat^pi; 
of the Topography of Troy, the Geography ^^t^ 
Antiquities of Ithaca» the Itinerary of Greece| 
with a Commentary on Pausanius and Strabo^i^mi 
an Account of the Monuments of Antiquity in. that 
Conntry, with other works of nierit ; and the Hen. 
Keppel Craven, who afterwards published a Tour 
through Naples. Her equerry was Captain Hesse ; 
her physician was Dr. Holland, subsequently the 
author of Travels in the Ionian Isles ; Mr. Sjcard 
was bejt house-steward , or major-domo; Mr. 
Hieronimus, a worthy and faithful servant, jwas 
her messenger. Philip Cravel was her page ; bis 
wife a domestic. She had two German chamber- 
maids. She had no English man-servant, except a 
young postillion, of the name of Hartop, who, wbf q 
she arrived at Naples, was made her postillion. 
With this suite, and accompanied by the boy Austin, 
as already stated, her Royal Highness quitted 
England. Of the manner in which these several 
persons afterwards disposed of themselves the reader 
shall be made acquainted in the subsequent chapter. 
After her Royal Highness, as above mentioned, 
bad left Worthing, the Hon. Captain King fip* 
peared on the beach, and soon got into a small 
boat ; when about half-way between the shore and 
the frigate Jason,* he was met by his own barge, 
which proceeded to Lancing for her Royal High- 
ness. Her female domestics went on t>oard at 
Worthing. A small poney-cart, driven by the 
Princess's own coachman, conveyed her to 0e. 



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467 

5'arge. A great multitude of horsemeoy carriages, 
and persons oh foot, followed her Royal Highness 
back io Worthing; and when she was on board 
tbe barge she condescendingly kissed her hands to 
the weeping females who stood on the water's edge^ 
ofiTering up many a prayer to heaven for her safety, 
4bd many a heart-felt sigh for her sufferings. ' No 
shouts, however, were heard, though the waving of 
handkerchiefs, and other silent demonstrations of 
affection, bespoke the feelings of attachment which 
every heart experienced for this illustrious Princess.' 
Amongst the articles composing the luggage of 
her Royal Highness there was oVie conspicuously 
observed. . It was a very large tin case, on which 
was painted, in white letters, ^' HAr Royai# 
Highness, thg Princess of Wai.es, to be 
always wilh her.*^ What this case, with so sin- 
gular an inscription, contained, it is impossible 
to know ; doubtless some important document ; 
perhaps some record of her innocence or her suffer* 
ings. She wore a dark-coloured satin pelisse 
having large gold clasps, and a cap of violet and 
green satin, like the cap of a Prussian hussar, with 
green feathers. "" 



CHAPTER Vll. 



% 



We have now to trace the history and character 
of this amiable Princess, rendered infinitely more- 

3n2 



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408 

HiiAireiUiiig and HIthtrtdos tt^ '^i^^^'^^P^'^^'^ 
dew'pbmt of view. ' She ftrtned ifiir rtenrhitiofi ^ 
fititirtg some of the moH ifiteretlm^ p6rliM# tif 
miM glohit ; and it vtiW be my busine^ t6 fdllitir tiei^ 
thr^tigh ' regions ^hicb nothing but an inlfcltfat^ 
(hitat for knowledge, heightened by unparaltel'^ 
domestic peroecotiooa and bereavements, eikild 
hkve induced a rich female to explore. 

Having arrived, with her mite, at Bfinii#i^, 
her Royal Highness paid her renpects to her gat* 
lant but nnfortanate brother, the Prince of BiMilns- 
wick. It would seem that it was n6t her'Rei^al 
Highnesses original intention to travel into vety 
reoAote parts, but to have spent the greatest por- 
tion of her time in Germany and Italy. Her stky 
at Brunswick^ howevar, was very short, for fn two 
months after her departure fVom Engfland she ar*- 
vived at Milan. This was on the 8th of October^ 
;|814. The same evening she visited the gteat 
theatre of Delia Scalla, accompanied by several 
pcraons of great distinction, both foreigners nA 
mitives. Her appearance in that capital exciteiil 
great curiosity and interest; the story of her sit^ 
ferings — the plot against her life— the amiable and 
fascinating manners by which she was distingoistled 
—^preceded her wherever she* went, and her com- 
pany was courted by all the best and most inde« 
pendent portions of the community. None bat 
those who fancied that their interests were identi- 
fied with the will and pleaaure of the En^sh 
Court— pnofte be»des those who imagined that to 



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4S» 

insiiit his CofiMrt woiil4 give f^iiir^ to i^ F^Wfil^ 
EegeDt of Bngkiult dared ta show her the.iUg^Wl 
4isrespMt. But, alas, her Bfijd HigbofiSf hi»4 not 
le^iainfld long at MUan-^rthnt tbtatro of infii^ 
«^od pfrjory-rthat hol-bedof f^W^pir^i^ and iojinf^ 
ticu-^-betore she discov erod that tbo prfyqdic^ iyblQt| 
exiiUd agaioit her in the city qf W^tqdiiuiter |^d 
shot its balefbl influence alhwi^ft tho British Cbf^n^ 
nel^and sel up its maligofiiit; standard jo the,Jbi|9|irt 
of the Milanese. I 

According to a previous arrangement^ and Qo^ 
frofo the base and ooworthy motives attributed to 
them by her Majefiity 's emmies, some of her Entgllth 
suite left her on her qoitlipg Brunswick^ lAij, 
Charlotte Lindsay was amongst Ibis number j af 
also was Mr. Butler St* Leger^ wfionk femily af- 
fairs, and want of health, woqld not permit t^ 
travel farther. To tbe truth of this fact tbif hp^ 
neurable gentleman Afterwwrds wiemnly Rwor^, 

Her Royal Higbuess quitted MiUui wnA tooi^ up 
her residence at Naples* in the year l£)li4i ^4 WM 
there rejoined by Lady CherlotXe Lindf 4y » whq \k^^ 
retired to Spa, either to join her sister, t})e Jm/^ 
Olenberviot 6r on acoQUUt of ill tiea)th. : 

Her Bj93%\ Highaess's st%y at Napl^ wes <^ 
about four mouths j afler whiehi on aceotviit of ^ 
great expense of fisidiPf there« 4nd ^he m«nifj»i( 
syasptoosa of approeclunHir folittflal «o«irt)l9i«t99»jh|^ 
Mpi^ii^d to Qenoa. Buit before we QMi^cfc thj| 
Ulustrfous travelkr from Neide^t it wiU be pri^ 
to notice same cifoomataqces* .«f impOT^WM lq.<^| 

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470 
AitdMe bistoi^, tbiit^ate said to'bavie taken place M 

^'•Tbe reader vrtll fiardly need to lie infoimed dial 
tf4iien her Royal Highness visited Italy, Joaehtm 
Bfdfttt, the brotber^m-law of Bonapafte, was peabe* 
ift>ly^iaited on the throne of Naples. He had not, as 
yet, b'ecbme one of the victims of those coimter- 
revolutionary convulsions whtob, with the excep- 
tion of Bernadotte, annihilated all' the newly- 
created' sovereigns, and restored the ancient 'dy- 
nasties of Europe to their Wonted crowns and 
dignities ; somewhat, it is trne, ' refined and pu- 
rified by the fire of adversity, and the bitter 
exp^erience of the evils attendent on unbridled 
despotism. 

It is worthy of notice, that at this time the vio«. 
l^nt Bonapartists accused Murat with having basely 
deserted the ci-cfet;an< emperor. He hadm^dea 
treaty with the Emperor of Austria, and raised his 
arbiy to 50,000 men, in order, if possible, to sup- 
port bis independence. The Bmperor of Austria 
bad ratified that treaty, and assured his Neapolitan 
Majesty of his entire friendship. Great*.Bi*itafn, 
as well as the rest of the allied sovereigns, had^ae- 
kno^ledged Murat's title to the kiogdoiii and 
tbrone of Naples, and etwf thing appearerf^- ^t 
first, likely to establish his dyiiMty. It was not tiH 
near the close of the followkig year thai this ^tiors- 
tUnate monarch, in whom it was hoped the legiti^ 
mitt^ <sovereigos of Europe would hiwe found i<a 
faithftil Md valuable ally, waa^onirilyBhotcatjya- 



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471 

p^. Tbistookr place on the Sdof Ootobor, lAldf 
the same day on which the Spani»h general, Porli^fi 
vatt executed at Coronaa. Marat was, mqtf ms^- 
9{fredly, a mao deserving a better fiats. : 4 < 

.1 mention these oircmiiatances brieOy ito jt^^irv 
that thenotiqe which wa^ takenof her Bpyal 0igk^» 
nes^ the Prin9esiK,vOf Wales by the Neapolitan .Coqitt, 
aiodthegratefol respect which her Royal Highness 
manifested, tqwards King Joachim Morale was' 
in nfi degree .unbecoming her station and con^ 
ditipn, aa the Consort of the Prince Regent lof 
^England, with whom Murat was then on terms of 
the strictest amity, Joachim's sobsequent igno* 
minioos death Retracted nothing from his former* 
honours as king. Yet even this visit of the Prin* 
cess of Wales to .the palace and court .of Morat has 
been made the ground of complaint by the inve** 
tarate malice of her wholesale accusers. ^ > 

Her Royal Highness arrived in Naples on the' 
Stti.of November^ 18I4| having been met about 
gi:i japiles from. that city at a place called Avensa^ 
)fg the King aqd Queen of Naples^ and several ot 
tjiffi Sieapolitan noblesse. On her arrival in the 
o\\^^.8he repair^ to the boose previously taken for 
bes; a bouse^ though a good one, too small for the 
^coemaKHlation of all her suite. : Accordingly, dn 
l|he etb, Sir William Gell, and the Hon. Rq^pel 
Craven, her chamberlains, took lodgings at. another 
hfMise in the neighbourhood; but merely to sleep; 
attending «he whole day, in turns, and somekimes^ 
together, at the house of their royal mistress^ • <- 



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^•bMB«Wdh toflk9laMsr'atlla]Uai);>3iii«iin. Mtkit 
8aifiindiv«trM»rbisittfeew1laUlviaii«ffi(iMii| %li«clilMd 
radlel(oi<>tiit8i4o}iUA iVinoemilft ^1A bifpie9ifi»W 

otbnftotfifl |Hts^.«llMflfv«nd*obiUM«ifiMta«4*<iv 

(rfflOuBiw CMMi 'llot»e¥niilte ,ft««««iB Bittftl 
TOiio^MiLieBBcaMi^ 4r,latsJMi»i%i^8hieli4«M9 
uMiritgi.' H>«^ ftBMtAiltv) Vxi»iMi^iftby>«wr*ili i8 i »n inJ MI 

made : one party desoribing him as of thtnlKPfMrt 
o^ifMv tiM oMst irttlgAr.MttiiiKMy: atiilrt«tf«i-«flst 
ddprtiwad^ hiibite' aiid -pna^pWi^ 1be.^iriM»p\mm 
tk. ^mm. iipAttf mg it&m « rich -:lMMli<«o(^«^etaf(4ifl 
fafflily< radaced hy iha f&eWntr^'^'ltmMKkfUt 
tinehtsl ravohMiMit i4iic4i MiiMhF'#(» m&kiiiy ImMv) 
smI Iwnpirablie . pOTMW, and 'dd|(Mtod ^ft^'VMlbyd 
vitMnlila|» aod bass wr««ehM. I.'4iiiv«i|alMift>«Qflio 
pM«i*» aNttflAtik 4ilie tnttli''r<a^l(«f ^HM yfiV^ 
and I bavo no bowtatton ■ ki'' iAjWtfftfc^ « ili»Q i^ 
"Ptmifi,^^ A.f<M>«ib('>'(>f-o()te, is JhiliiWiri!ofimMtn»f 
th«iglib Jm^latketv :'^paMlgp'4fante9lw lM.««oUrUiittfMI 
j«A ta«nii6i>eai aftd partfjr 6f lri|^'o^«j;'e!t^i4(^ 
gftnc^, was brouglt into g^eat debts ana ffiSfPS^tffi^g 
TfaafiBuplii jmafttMtilMdlyi of low origin is in 
truth boyondaU doubt ; and ^fiiny &}dl^V^JMNti^ ft 
ipouldbf. sufficient to reoioTtf:$utihf'i)ri^lH>kftyifion'. 
JMStures and siwpicions, by nentioning the ftutt, that 

his'tlMltMtoM if»«M aK-ntott boiiMiraMy'MMIcl 

08 



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( 



479 

^QJMi y tim scqkiqiI, Mr. Sefw»i)gnrinift ef ii»amsi«fil/ 
fininUy ftt Cremtadi and the^-lbini ww vnitadfifi^ 
oifiivi4g«.to Mf« Of artini' de Lodi» J^rotber'of ithr 
ex*a(ecwkary«geMral of the eapUiocy of PU«ii>» 
wImh wmmMKiad by kin fixoaHeney the Bovoa de 
Qon. BwQD Borgami has two broth«ra, niiiiitfly;' 
iMiia* Bergomf, and Yallotti Bwgmnu who ^aft* 
fomtrly 1 8ttb»f»r^ct of Cremona. Diirioy her 
filitfe$ty.*e residenee in Itely, the Baron Pepgtemi 
wee one of k^r chamberlaiDs, Looig presided ovier 
her hoosehoUf 4^nd YaUotti was comptroller of dts« 
hjoraeneat* . . 

Bartolomeot not willing that any adverse family 
misfortones, or impmdenoes, shonld depress him 
bayood the possibility of regaining his natural rank 
ami sta t i o n in life» entered the army, and wasat- 
tnebed to the etat*major of the troops, oommaoded 
by Ma Ezeellenoy the General Coant Pino, in the 
enmpaignsof 1812, 1819, and 1814; a fact provsd 
beyond contradiction, by the following declaration 
of General Miyor Galimberti : — 

^I^a«dlK^,tlMM. Is Baron Biiiofeinso IVrgami, of Crenoba, 
iMl^il Msln^ has Mrvfd in the elBlHaajor of the tnto|M c^ 
■landfill |>y his Exoallesey Count Pino, Ueiitenant-Getiacal, to 
whom I waa chief of the etat*major in the late campaigni of 1812. 
ISta^W 1M4. 

•« Le General-Major GALIMBBtlTI. 

" StSH sii4 eartiiedhy oe, 

" Lisot..Oeo. Conot PINO/ 



< To this testiq»ony of Baron Bergami-f respccta 
20^ 8o 



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474 

9M\tf it If ik 4ie f rtpeiF to add tibe Iw9cn iteUi^ja^ 
(tf Sir William GfAk before the E^owm of PteqB, M 
tJbe 7lk i)f October, 1820. In alludnig to the^ foW 
lawiag lact I ^m sooievhat aaiicipnitiiig the hi«torjf 
of tbift worthy, bni «i«ch calasifiiated, f&raon^ y| 
6vr a« lii# JcoasootMA widi the fniteof hw M^t^ 
wiia.-4)op€er<iedL ^ . 

yJHUr Rojr«i EUghoisM tlie Prineew^of W^l 
hairing disniissed one of her €Oiirier9|r4t beeaoMi 
B4ot9ntf that 4i8 fftufltioti sbcNikl be «op)plied by 
mam «lber CnithM Aui bonest aMm. Acoordki^gly 
iib^ cMMiaoded her then tehaoi'beriains to Wk oat 
for one suitable to that capacity. Sir WilUam Ckft 
and the Hon* Ke|if>el Craven therefore mmiie afif li^ 
oation to the Marqius de CMcEiliaqghm, Graad 
CrhavikarlaM of Anitria, sqkI 'irho kmd beta a|h 
pMled by Geaenl Bellegal«d<i to. aMesd on her 
Ro^alHighnwi, 4urmg her stay «t M ilaa^ tn ^ 
M^^aeity t>f dttmlbetUm. Tb^ Mai^a, ^M ft 
4a opportatiky to Mri^ a limrthy mab, wmI to im^ 
ftifest his actacbmeiit to the iutenests of a r o ^ ac ei J 
but honourable famJly, f^ladly ^tnliMted^it ao ire^^ 
commend to her Majestj^'s chamberlains Bartoloii^eo 
Bej^aiini^ whom he described as a person «very.^y 
dienfBfving^efr notvqe and patronage. He said thni 
he knew fietgami^s family, that they liad Talleh ititd 
distress hg the evonts of the French ][levolution ; 
but the roan himself was perfectly fatmonrable, 
honest, and trust- worthy, and would be feimd fo in 
•any sitMtion in which lie should be employed. . He 
aiMed, 'that Bergami was connderafcly abov«llie 



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474 

•fiice inta whieb Ibe ww about to «i«tor, and h^ 
tiojpied tbftt Ibe Frinc<iut, jf ti« bebi^v^ w#U in IW 
family, as tbc Marqais was ino«( certaia lie «ir«iiild^ 
vonld gra^AuaOly adi^auca bim ia h^t KeiMehqiiK* 
He afterwards reqpestecl tbat Bergami iftigbtl%4t 
alv^ya tenre in a hv^ry, wbieb ac^vnted i^ the 
faet of bia oeff r appeaving \n tbe dreta of a cfoori^r 
after bis arrival at Naples bat waa always geatecAly 
dressed in black. 

' Sr WUKam Gell ha¥mg beeo tsbed wb^tlM^r Im 
bad evev seen tbe Marqais aboverMlQiaill 9od II01S 
gaafti in a rooiD, or in ,tbe street tageMier, repli^ 
that he bad ) and when the Marquis took leave •! 
hiin» previous to bis entrance upon bisnfw serti^o* 
it was in the open publie streets at Miko. T)m 
Marqais was dressed in bis uaiforoi at graad^Qly* 
berlain to tbe Emperer of Austtia, aod WflM %t tbft 
time attended by his depaty clMMtoberl^fai^aadetb^r 
Austrian officers. Just as Bergami wa^ ftb^Ht W 
^mount his horse, on this occasion, tb^Marqiiis a^r 
vanced to hia[i/took bim roond tbe necki find kumA 
each of bia cbeeka, according to the genera) custoin 
of salutation among equals in Italy ! 

Such was tbe estimation in which this most ^pn 
lumaiated man, thoagb then about to enter i%lo lb« 
situation >^f a menial servant, was heldb^ t«AVt 

' qais, at thM lime the ebamberlain aod represeeCe^ 

* tive of the Austrian goveranxeat. 

'* The following higbly curious, and, I be(i«nre, 
authentic, nsirrative, has been published in Itf^iaHi 
and translated into French, freai whence I hevQ 

3o2 



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^^1^^^.4;9<^ft %f8K jol>pef«iltt«Daaqi)itipiir<uiiaibBl 
production, with reference to the-preintfiilibplvJR] 
its being what it pretends to k^ ," Merooick of 
PergaJnf, j«witteo hy fcimself.**' Th^ \lje*^^roij^ 
B«rgifltol''Wai capable of wt-itin^ tYiis, il^i>B Vanoot 
b« my rei«offrabi« doubt ; and i^VVie rijttt/dE3f"^ , 
id, 106 natural siroplicity^of the i^le^.i^^iDAD^ 
other internal marks of its antb^oAnp^/ liwwiM mtW^ 
aatliorice sncb a conclusion.. If 1t> W^'ii la^gjjt^ 
f(tfbricatioB, it would display some o]f thb3eljivbp«i^^„ 
eiTorts which frequently lead to the' discavei<y;>!dfl 
impoatore. The pnbtiahen ttt Fttr^ireit'HimPdS* 
itteh "Who would not tviningly lend tiiieir nAipl^'jaiyiJJ 
saq^jon Ip a literary cheat f an4tj^«.pl^|we£ine 
of .|^«>4Mnalater i« 'slfongly >coniBbonitf««{«fe<lhV3 
aetaaiMBkistenc^ 6rilie work in the ItMxi;^^'' 
^dag^6t. JQut^ indeed^ that is. be; ood doiit>^i ^^jlk^y 

lorfb'ift'thie CbMtfber of Pebrs iifadws a tran$taA^/ 
aKff kTiUlifbl one. 'Theie i^ mter^f^t^YAd^iM^ 
tpfpugj[i9Ut th« wbo)ie,vaf.»autbf>oti«ilyu> <:ri - ^ i; r: > 
mMl^Bt part or tbawnatratite' irMbh ^tkm tHAt 
ttl^Qae«n;^miiY ttre box at tKe'dia^i^e^.^ti|a1^^ 
tWo'Jffiiglish peers tliei'e.caiHiut l^e.J^bf^ i(f »fit <lli«f . 



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th^jJwilQt^^Ii^ of itti^ktatmeMB, scich y*U'{%^ 
I«yMli:ulifra|fept«o^l«y>4ft b^l*e tte 

"^ s^mairsqf,J^im$imr th^ Baron Peraamip. , /r 

deoiBM m^to become the pretext of a trial, which, at thepreeei^ 
mifm^li fixee^ihi^ iltentioD of the two worlds, I ehoold nef^ 
h4tt«4kliigidibiigtaMMtitoef ei9«^ vy reodr^tiolii hi 
P9f^/F 4;«^<kH^V9P^ ^ qpkbritar; bat ae a wiekededniads*' 
tralion abfiaea iny na^e, for the parpoee of tarBiiking tlie Inatfe 
ort>he of the finefet crowntf ia Earope, and of ruining an amiable 
Priiioew, no leaa dUtiigaiahed for iheeoutiitoaBce wd wverity of' 
h^ ii)j^/DiPiViVM| tM >C9>^ '^« aptfpdoiir of WraDk--4iiiigli»u«» 
apeak ; my sileoee w(|n}d enbciHeo qalmnqy-r my disdoanrai wiU 
mike' il' pallid. .' . . 

-9M|d«|riiale tiive indelged in eoiijecturea'aifd dbeoaateni cod- 
c«!frgiPy4»rigiii*:il*.iMH W «8»"lf •«>*••* leiindrtfy^Jfle* ' 
miaUl^ea^5V;fo/lP^^ WJlaMitelHteu 

my births if. I HAve bononi^ly spent |he time which I havejreA, 
c^ilel from Ilemt^n id eonhnoa with other men P When Jotm of*' 
Aite'.i^ediievliiligV* dUeny imejtali apon tier lo«flve«id aebdMK^* 

Tain preiudice of the wotld^ I feel sp^e satisfacliQA hi:bmae npw ^ 
abMrttI state, that pfevioUsry to Uie calamities which overwhelmed, 
it in the vortex of^oa^pdiiUeal^'teWpeets, ib^ Ikirase bf^n^^^- ^ 
«gtfff TO*?* *ll»M^»M^I%4iwr»wWklttl somAi^olmdtieitt; 



minJioriai of his virtues^ and a noble pov^rty« constituted the only ^ 
iiiWitsifitef^wbichliisdeathputmcinp^^esslen. * ' ' '' 



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478 



U«rfy Scriptaces, and my ftrdent miikl <Kve4 ivitb se Maoh fcr#o«c 
idUlbe mysleiiniof rengton, that, if I haA followed ilit eoaiiaeft 
' tTipy'tMcUtViiis ptobablt^tliai I nhm^h^fwe^nitfti'uiU onferi; 
SMI iici«|^f( coateql fites w iifupii i ^ kiptwer ipipd««i tan* 
]^«ffg^iiii^ was rcsfrvei U HQaompUv^^Uie |uirp99f».'«4ik^'fitiaiif4 
^h|ioe bad thrown from lieavea upon pergamii. ' 

T On^ monitifj, ov-^kifAhig, I heard martiafmvaicf it waaoikel 
mmc idM^Vnemkr c^ m ti ^toth, MnAi^mmv^ai^ ^^ Awn* 
ipwx^mm nakittg iu trioBiplial eati^. Att«AkMfvilw w l M 
allnqr n^l^rep lo Yibrale. and my h^rl la {lalpitaie^ i Varied «» 
the m'wiif{Wj^ aM ^f(k^^\m!k ftViwA«fiao ftka iu^mi |h»iMk 
diera, the splendour ,f their uniformaq^ e^pPl^tsb^ W^ thftV 
gMoorfliaof nation coliueeted with ihf contempiof life, all c4n- 
a|^ lMieifiliaiai«igi Mut telinfa W whteHhaA y i cvi a i* ! ^ heea 
l^i«l««IHI^# ft»<L U» MlaM thaft tb» Mi|iii»ry 'p««»«MeioDMahoiiM ht 
my TooiAifiteb U wa i emUavooiwd la atniggle-aganiaf the 
HfoaniMi vi^ich aapliaKiad my w^ta^llHkrftiaa; teif^ntv^irfth il» 
diWll^ lamleved MK Mie h*r» wMohr ii» deq» an tmpresafea bad 
jnsdbii vponmyifaeBilL Tha'<»MMipd of' tike-trampet stilt Tr^nfte^rfn 
m^-eili; my ayeaitlkl beheld, wav4nf hi^ Hie air, the standards dc- 
fieratiiii wkh Ihelamtabal vielery, and my baml was inTotootarriy 
strolalmd •««; as il to grasp a alvoHf.-— ^Two days Bftmynk^ t 
ma aaraUsd in tjw ra«ka^ Uie army Kyf Italy. 

I acted at first as a private soldier in the great battles whiel 
Im^e i ima rt alitted' Iha 9reB«h> arma. A brilHaal ftnt prosared Isr 
ai#ilh# d«wrali6»«f the epanlet, and* f served aa tm btteer wid^ 
lhl< srdeta dl C m wal Flm, nhen* there hippened to' aite one sf 
tbaae aaeata ^Mek^ ^haagh aeemingfy ntlgar, yet, re-aeci^ apoi 
aia(«apifHig^ imaginatiott, deelded, ibusooth, the destiny ofiajy 
famralifi^ w 

£ watti with some brother officers to the Villa F*** in the '▼i*- 
aijsi^y.af Milaav «4iere theCmmtesrO*'** ^ave a brllliaol Ate on 
tii» baaaaioo o# her daughter's mar^a^e^ The prevalent t^ipie of 
4i»vfiaaliQ|tsMma gi)>sy akllM I* Ae Seienoa of phlMstry; ^ 
yi h aa n piai i ciiamiia t a mo dto hcpso'nidn^ehmoaCtoiisjfH^iith^illh^ 
Vlfm'mAwMmmf her ineatttattSrts had become a SorV iti^ifj^t^i 
whssls^puhik oatvasity eagerly "went' tor eonsuk. The <!VH«rte!ls 
€**♦ thought to blend sn agreeable rarieiy wilh'thc pfeasures of 



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47» 

Uw eiift8rtm«i«iit, hy kviting tbto c^Mfi|ei «Nt«ieMielftir «» 
mm «i4'4ii|f lay 4ir pNi^MMMl ntJAtoM thg m^n^rtk^pMt 
kmum ^*»d mMcmted a>i93f itis ^n^tii; m fihMMPt iw ph w g Bwilt 

IpkU tii« illasioB, a golden bough huag from tbtlMte^ntMilM^ 
mr ««r «b^ iBim %«t «ctet)ely KglfeM &y tiite M^He'tigHt'df a 
HfttMril'tMip. I« uppfMidiiiig ttrls McIiNUd ^ft«b/«lMr-ittH 
MwAif iNMNfy predi^MNted the nritid «• tieMiKthMk^ iitid 'irttA 
obanoa, <Mr More fiftipeily; s^lhe oti« #f ilMeiaiii^hlliti«to,>Hlb ^iMyA 
Mio«N«rMiiig«n^^lii(rtt^liMYrdai <'1r«tD«ii fc0it*''«oAM^fl 
mmf^HuMtMmyiM;^ I turiild Mt difMttt;y8(ir«r H e*rtifttiiii»r 
fNiiMrtm,tedeHfa9«pbQt«nMr. ' PvKnHy «e6f»ed Hd btffMnn^ 
M^tty ejrec ' INntarftitigvafiito a dtsapTOverin^^frM^ lihtt 
•MiUeiAyMtitotM hy* tli^ Mrival tiF Oottiten O**^' MHM7dl 
lyiiHIfertonyany. 

I plaeei tnyvelf *sii M to ^e* all tfiA fittseA. The M8e t«x 
iMM^'tlra giiMett botiglii fhior Sy%il nmde Imr app^atafneov febe 
iftleiled«mie magic ^^itfiu, antl I utideriAooa "tfiat the il<yriteH«i 
wt»e*dbbiit to conaiiMfnee; then jdnthg <be liamh tff IAM) ii«tr tntK 
rieU •tbuf^, the Iked her t^yea oti thieift iHVh n 'sttlte, itnA t 
gv^etod -Ae naa prMfitttng tt) them a long 'and liappy iMfon; 
biA they r^oeitedthia retcflatioii wiib apparel apiafllhy/lbr Toy« 
h^ t^reirfoflilly tflmilififed tlieir hearts, and antttipated the eAftfidnrif 
df «!ie ora6hB'! Aft^ Vtewitig thts intere^thig scen^, I iibaeftetf 
flieCoQDtest, In bertom, preaentlier'haiidto ibefbrtttn^tiAl^} 
bitt no 6<xni^ tid ithe tfistlieir eyea (ipoif the t|aer'rst, 'thAnfcesttiii- 
iDg a ferociotrs loclk, rile uttered roibe words whid) I tKd aol edto- 
pMiMid, bat ivIiYeh spread Ae pifli»iess of -denth ot%r M the 
faiKliBraa of the t^ountess ; )ihe seemed hi a tremomr, aifd t^dy ^ 
Mot; theedmpany presaed sTroiiDd her; ^H tendered thArHttSfliA- 
Mea; Ae was cKrried 16 the castle fn u atato bf iiAetisAAfty: 
nietrowd dbperted.itndl alone teiakin'ed With the itmgkill'beill^ 
wfroaelneanlbYbtis had joift prodoced sath ftn iacottrpfebtsMfMd 

Cpnviuced that truth atoae oould be the ea«se ef (Ms *«ttti3M<* 
dftmty otearreiree, t ttew lowarAs ihb g^*y* *«nd mtr^iM 
h» to enlightea 'sue also s^ to my dtsstiny. WhiM«r-«hte IMt 
texed at the acMie iihith had jnat^eenrf^, oraot dhooahkgtn 
^Mi day to^lhak^ )y«r tiradtt to any ext^pl to pensms tif liigli 
rtfAjifhewinildnAdti}gntbTii^t«nfnitiyYisqimi^. Mhwatprih 



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48D 

atfiMloMttrihtgMlte; bst, qii aiHiMei»ixiaglicr«]fftii i 
W^ f bcf stopp«l« fU if stnielr b; some unexpected ApptoiUtfu/ Aii 
iier torpriee eliowed om Io preeume that I wu, irftbont (loufcCoi^ 
lorif tboae betogt witk wIknh heafen it sonetifliet pleated to '^oHl 
^eqrtt conmoDicaiioDs. 

I paM oyer in tilenee the early occurrences of my life, ai^l^e 
i^isfortonea of my family, which the Sybil traced with a fidetiiy 
wbic'b ^nfirmed my confidence in her oraciea. I aball rdiil^'oiM^ 
those predictions i^ieh are connected with the grand anbject Im 
wjhioh I write, and which have had such a powerfnT intfotkiecr^b 
my/destiny. I think I still feel the chilly tremoor which seize^^se 
when she told me in a solemn voice, — *^ Yon will be hiiliibled''l4 
cfder to be exalted, — you will save a great Princeis at the InaxrO 
of your own life, — the injnsUce of men will pnnisb' yoti tt^ftil 
gratitude of a woman.^yoor good fortune will sow the fteecn^d' 
discprd ^n a great empire, and your name will fill the World.**^ ' y 

From the day of the above prediction, a change, which I catitiol 
define, has been effected in my nature ; my mind incessantly ra^ 
minating upon the extravagant fate that had been promisedfto nie; 
I aommoned my reason in vain to combat the fltfcinating chimera^ 
all my endeavours to drive it from my thoughts only served to in* 
cres«e my predilection for it At length, sunk in a melancboKe 
reverie, I was, as it were, an alien to society ; I became* inaen-: 
sible to all the pleasures of one of my age; ambition, even, whicti 
had till now filled my mind, was extinguished ; and, as if 1t%di 
from my first existence, I felt myself wholly transported into tfae 
new world which the fortune-teller had created for me. "'^ ^ 

In this melancholy mood I quitted tlie service, and shut myil^ 
ojp in' a hut in the neighbourhood of Turin. There, eattin^o# dH 
connection with society, I abandoned myself without reserve''8$ 
the ravings of my imagination, and to the hope of realttiugtbM£ 
T,h9 report, of the arrival of a young Princess, whose beauty "^ftV^ 
chisel of CJanova had just immortalized, happened to ^rag ihe (toU 
my retreat, and I fancied that the moment had arrived for the fdff 
filmeat of ssy destiny. ' '^ 

I repaired to Turin : in passing along the aquare of the griikA 
tfieatre I was struck by the crowd who meift eoltected at iis dbdiWJ 
I concluded that the anxiety depicted in every fkce had fbr W 
oij^t to obtain a vtght of the Princess, and I mixed wlUi'^^ 
crowd of spectators who bad come to admire her. ShesooA qi^'' 



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481 

aD« her oponiefaauce not Daviug the power .to qiitrftcl ^ine ilr a 
ie ttoputt (turn the object of pij meditiaiofis, I ooDociiEeS^&SI 
jgrmoMa iras iio(,tbe.one «ao ahouldirftve ao mucn rtiSitpnce 
I«L/#|K|«V&. llhfi T^^ill to ratfirn to Mtjan, wlierej en^ 

lRtoMW^«J^4te!:!?#F* ™ to aaap^ npy iiaw.ffojjecb, pwl lo 
amfifSl ^m^rt %VW« to aaaerlai. the aiolif^ Whitf 
*^y^lffV^a W^^^^ England, I beeam ais<|uaiQtea mtWhii 
JBdiaiilMd j^f fcij Jyuaehoid. . AVbal this peraba relatei to me Of 
Jtetl^'W^fl^F^^?^!^^*^'*^ Pri«cte»/tlie f^on^roaity of, ficr feci- 
ffff^f^Jn^^^ be.tol4 mt ot liar iytonestic affi)clao6% 

■SfrHWHlfJil? «rJ««!t:Vt8ji J M.to ae^ bar : to thk arfah w«a pre^ 
?WS!iWP?Pi^^ *"^ ^^*?^ caioiiiAifig; 

-^^1^^1169)^1919^.1114^^ I aatertame4f M iKataseraral adveatiir«|» 
IkM^, Jl^^ gf yfcfoh^vaa, to eonvtnfe me Ihtt tbe Prinoeaa was mar*' 
r^d»l ,|^3r^.^^ie« bent qpon ber deatruetiaa* Snag^aratrnfi^,; 
ff^^^fj^ j^bedaageraahe migbttncar,^ my meoioi^ Uwi^^ 
ilRliP'fHL^'^ thepredicttoa of thegipaej, Inoir aoogbt only mm. 
W^^flfSviF'^S aceasa io ber Royal Higbncaa. Tbe friand wboia 
I hmd In ber^e^t^Miabmeut soaii aequainted me tbat tbe Phnceaa 
fl8lV'iirfe3?'iP5B?.^ A°^ p^Ualiaii courier, who might "f ▼s^*' _ 
» tdBHlteu?4. f»^'^^^ ''' ^ jiarniea. My «^n«^^P,n* " 

iW^mfeZr^a' ^'^^^ ^^ beiitatea wmaiit to miOca^apLp^^^^^ 
%Sn9ff^llfi^^^P^^ deigned to re^erre me with "^^^^j^^^^X 
1WI BI1J^ifSly.*^*»'^,M. ^ ^hc nmabei af |J^»H wbaci^^ 

*l!BSff»?Wfof»^i J »n.M4^oii truly tjie agilatioiiy^; fljjj^ 

^jk<i;(«w»^»8'w4wK^l*^%^^ <i>«t voifje 5?^3 hwfta 

21. 3p 



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482 

rer^aied it to me, as her mild and melancholy looks would ha^e 
apprized me of tier virtues and her sorrows. 
' We set out for Naples, where we arrived on the 8th of October, 
f6fl.' I wiH not mention by what accident, fortunate or unforla- 
liite; I had twice an opportunity, whether in traversing Calabria, 
whether dtfritig the first moments of our arrival at Naples, of saving 
%ht 'Pft-inbess from imminent danger. Her heroical generosity 
cdiniftafided secresy on those actions, which those who remain 
faltftfdl to her will one day attest, and who will sufficiently leei- 
tiAriSe:' the' favours with which she has honoured me, and which 
0(ttai would, though in vain, impute to her as a crime. 
"'Oni^' evening, when I was waiting in a cabinet near her Royal 
Brghneis's apartment for the dispatches which were to be in^ 
trusted to me, I heard the arrival of a certain very higb personage 
announced. As this illustrious stranger excited in me a lively 
t^riosity, instead of returning to the anti-chambers, I had the in- 
iMscretion, very wrong I admit, to listen, for the purpose of hearing 
liia.coiirersatioQ with the Princess. It afforded me at first little 
gratification ; but as the King manifested an anxiety to be ac- 
qnainted "with her Royal Highnesses situation, I redoubled my at- 
tention to' hear the communication which she made to him of her 
early afiiietians ; of the causes which led to the separation from 
the sole object which attached her to existence, from that adorable 
daughter whom she was never more to behold in this world ; of 
the anxiety which preyed upon her mind, the dangers wbibli threat- 
ebed her life, and of the tyranny which condemped her to drag 
fhwi city to city an accumulative toad of sorrows and misforlmies' 
The Prince seemed to be 86 deeply a(hscted by the recital, and iiii- 
l^arted so much consolation to the PHncess, that she placed no 
bounda tb her confidence, and even went the length of relating 18 
Mm the two occttrrences to which I have alluded, and' my naAtt 
iHu ttiehtioned.' It does not become me to notice in this plkee the 
praises which her Royal Highnefts was pleased, in her boiinty.'td 
liestow upon my zeal and fidelity ; blit I cannot forget that she 
pi^ed me to the Prince in colours wtiich made me think, for' a 
moment, that slie had discovered the artifice I was pracl^sifi§(. 
Thtee words, " No ! I cannot conceive that he was born for th^ 
iituatioiT whith he fills io my service," produced in mt much ifli'- 
patience, and they account for the audience granted to me by ttir 



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483 

Prince; a week aAerwardu^ on Ibe oiccasioD 9r?*y. carry Ulg.4|iii)4l^ 
an invitaiioD to a grand enter lain men t which her Royal Higlf^MC 
inlended to give in honour of him. 

I was going to withdraw, after the delivery of my pfsaag^ IQ 
the page in waiting, when. I was called back, and inUodiyedvlc^ 
the closet of tlie King, who addressed me in these words. z**^!- 
' *' I know your devotion for her Royal Highness, yonr.afguai 
mistress, and I was desirous to know ibe person whoito ^^,^ 
scribes as the preserver of ber life. Of what counUry are tihijP'^. 
— " A native of Milan, Sire ?*' " Your family ?"— «* I bt |j^y%VR 
Majesty would excuse my naming my family.'' '* Wbatl.. l^^t^ 
yeo cause to blush for the conduct of your father^ or b|^ve..^u 
procured admission to the house of her Royal Highness* by measf 
of artifice or imposition ?" 

At these questions, uttered with a tone and emphasis which far«^ 
took of contempt and menace, my pride revolted; and in order to 
escape from the blasting suspicion of being identified with the 
traitors and inftimous mercenaries employed to watch the conduct^ 
or. more properly, to asperse and vilify the reputation of this 
virtuous Princess, 1 resolved to make to the Prince a frank avowal 
of the motives which induced me to engage in the service* of her 
Koyal Highness, and I related to him in a few words the principal 
erents of my life. Laughing heartily at the prophecy which haA 
eo much influence upon my conduct^ the Prince did not appear to. 
be at all surprised at the effect it had produced upon me ; h^ n^ 
doubt palled to mind the example of predestinations still more 
OMUioiraUe ! After satisfying bim as to the purity and the disiif-« 
ifg^^ioAnesB of my. motives, I threw myself at his feet» to inyhirf 
hjfni/iqt iko divnlge the secret which I had coromouicaleil to hWi 
fjp4er the seal of confidence ; as also not to be the moftof of, do-?' 
glf^fUig me of the opy ortunily of serving, perchance of again being 
ijap^roqiental in saving the life of the Princess, and^ finally,^ of, 
fAnli^il^g the whole of my destiny. , .:<;.-.: 

taa few days after this conversatioD^ <a child wbo aqcomfM^^ 
t^ePrincess» nnd forwhom she ha4, a gneftt^ttabliiqen^ OM^^ 
sick» I was directed to^attend it during the night This une3fpcfte<|! 
QMirk of . confidence, this sort of respectful oondescen^;m,.2^i)4' 
Q^ oC thoHc artifices which pride and rank can assume and turgi^^t^^ 
i^4JKa|iilage^ conspired to raise a euspicion that the King ii(^)l)^ 
trayed mc ; but I took special care to conceal the uneasiness which 

3p2 



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ilM P#iMei» tiOB^etoenderf to fionavr iii«. ' . '-'^* 

mrrjkM «»rl(»of Ml «ftll&riCf ftMVm i» hot Aoyttl BiffaiitM 
^^iftnalitliii ii— il efiiit, and nafcred a« an tky&b^ «# cnfT-t^ 
laU* wktiwmmmiMd tU Priii«cw ; bttt mhi^ ikejF til «MNdl 4li» 
I •iii«b<lMy ANoitod I {iMfltstad, mmf im««rtlwii^ «4iiIm4 
l<il te tlw rurliiMMi49 if ikieir akwi^w f t i y m ; tii^«BlUft 
i*tiMHrIiitai«i«bl»4 £irili« tendwaMiMliet of^nevDier lUjfal 

uhIK^ vilb a few ii«wia. 1 «e»l in •o ut y t iite,' €<4. m w ii ad B 
^Utat*lie«v«iiiiigf, which I had been given to u tiid m w i ^il ««»«iqp|> 
\pmfrkiaAior the eiiUri»iMMf»i«f a part^;^** amiamfeeitUiaib 
aiMim* if iaa -*— *- -dad nelauffrr me to muin^on^ hi Igwonuie* ik 
t# Aha peal ot^eai of thia i^U^^Uu ^ and* aa it^kliiol beaoMWiwiia 
Id lead myaalf lo auab an nitivg:va» I 4ie|Mrtiad^ loaviagr ^^r aair* 
friaed «4liiMr a& Um awceaaof my Mka^ otmK J^% iaoffioMy of 
Wcbaraia. I aoon diaaavered thai hatradmnd Matatiaeiii bad 

MUflMlad^ IB the heart of Miaa , the 4eiidaraontaaM»U vhksh 

I had excited in her breaat; hut I could tioi till fthea Ibrai an 
Ji4e% of Uie a&liwmily to which « slighlod vooiafi eoiildcanry her 

A' Ihw 4w«ioloa befiire we aet ooi for that celebrated inaaheri 
baU whieh woe givou in the Thaairo Sao GarhM, thetPrine^M 

,^o(dalwd oie 1^ be oaUod lo her preeeuoe, aiid ohowhig aw 4be 
difisre^l. dreaeea in whi«b ahe ahouW be difegiiiaed, ohe gaVo 

. ^ |ba^i«<|Miaijte eeamidi to take oaw thai ai»e ahooU ho' ftw r 
r4«ilH#«l by tpeeaona afoa whoae fidehiy ahe could heU w^fj? 'She 
o§|i#wi with, iwe «^n a atgoal hy whioh to recwguiob! Ui^ ^o^fhM 
was hffr di«««iee, a«d deeeribed that by which I ^hawbl Ml0w 

. \^* . •. ^ 

^ , TJm bftli had eofOMODcod aoaio titao* eHb«« i wwe aa t oata d by o 
maak hi tlio attire of * fieaoaat fifiH, enactly reaettbUag ^m ^ 
^#eaeea wbiffb 1 h«d aeea 4^ot of lor her Royal Uighweaa. I 
^^^VMiceiyed^ ^t ^at aji$h t, thai it was actually the JPritioaaa ; hot the 
«pBniaoii»£Wcc;.oheerV|»ticiia, \hc indeJkato conga, and tbeiolaMal 
Ikciitious mwiQors of.tlio feiuaie iu the nadc, bodo aatiaiod lao 
thai 1 IumI bccH dticcivul ; auU InuiMg relieved from all doubts upon. 



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Majesljf. 1 DOW tried toj|i]j^ wJk<^iik6 ii^iyitmOtCABUilM l)*ii 

ifT~*, aM^ V«« in tb». a^el,. i eo«i)d soft bQjHPMiMteijMitotyyB 
:flir^^ ^aA jkeiog aftxiwu to kiuwr ih^ moline ^At tfc6'<iitffic4iil 

m$li Aerm^ak,. Ukii^ n^ «iin»|ftl|i8MiCA:4br.» dlffisteilisiiiyflnMil^ 
j«4dirM6d we.iii ^«t aoil flatteffiog:. Inrmiii unAnTrn nddrd thn tmt 
}M»Ab| f onsji.i^ vJki^^I imnfledmjmU by asMtrfaig^ ik^inii^lie 

(KMiiv^jli^loai^lilMiMikm night be mtimltsifMBikf %nlmd 
fffto^ c»..pfwiibl^j nioud ky imme iiiitchiev0ae uff, mkbatiUte 
MiiiimmkiU IliM.^r-^ isigbt bftve imiiofed «pon» ^o H|Nifiii^ 
i vfaiipemi is ber eu»^" Tb« iarot baa been k6(»i vp^uiu lalig 
jMMiigh. Iamra«jflg; tJbt drest of jrour isittKif^ you oaghll, ^ 
-lilt tajn^ lime^'to. faaYe Msomad.ber deoeocy audnii^iiitni/' 43^ 
>iepU«d oirij.by a» angiy expaeuioo. aiiii i left km afarvptiytasa 
te' tbt FruMoas, whom I foaad in tha midat of a briUkat drde 
ftuMMig wbom I ehaart ed two oobUnaii who naw all ia tba Bunm 
of Poora. 

, Thag cirottotUuioe, «o frivoloaa io appeamfiee^ famiaiiea «a 
with very sorioua reflectiona. On reachliig aiy.apartineat I mm 
ffnsM to find out the motive that had indnced Misi -»-*^ to aal 
Jiach a part, and I coaM not disaemUe tiiat her dig hted aolMa^a 
Jbad interproied^my irepalaive conduct hi a way no laaa injiiriottal^ 
.the repatatBoa of the Priacoia than diuigeroaa to mfudt* YUa 
.M«ti. brought to my .secollaotioB certain minania iphioh w«»o pV^ 
eM^ttsly jn atmilatioii^ ajid whkli» to ae^ did not i|»|mi< vorihy^or 
iiM»l|ee4 ha^rdpiag vpon the t>arlt|sr of ny aoaaeieaba/andMU 
mm ifM>n the digaily of the character of tiba P^ineniB^ I limdtiabi 
to importone her by the recital of a acandal which might hafe^<. 
rd^ed a prejudioe »gaiD»t a woman who aeemed then to bb4^foted 
i4o.her, aod whoae aarvices were to aecc|)iabie. > * i 

3 The Printeas was in the liabit of taking airings on hm^eba^k 
..in tht eavirofls of Naplea. One eveniag her berae taking frijjlft, 
•ran off fpll apeed : in aaadden effort to itop the animat I remttA 
..firom him sack a f iolant kick, that I fell uensehM on thf giVWrid. 



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486 

I was carried to Naples, and put into one of the apartments ^ 
rforf Co %«t nf her Royal fl ighncsi. . -^i . * 

' There 1 Mperieneed the moat asslduona attentioua ; Ihe PrinoeM 
liflefrseff Wd not disdain to come to inform herself of my condition, 
an^ to talk with the greatest concern of a wound of which she jiad 
Ijieen'ihe innocent canse. August Princess! Could you haye 
believed "thfct tfns generous -sympathy, worthy of a soul truljf 
royiii; should one dkj become the .source of the most odious 
dAliimny! ' i :*»i 

*' iHfiit ffloifthof Mmreh, the Queen, afterVeading a leUec wlniX 
bore the English post-mark, gave orders to prepaire every lltung 
Idi' her speedy departure, and two days afterwards we set bub for 
Rome ; from thence we proceeded to Genoa, where we remaine3 
til) tlie month of May. The Princess every where 'experience!i''a 
reception worthy of her rank and her character, t had observe^) 
that since the receipt of the l^ter, to the contents of which t re^ 
mained a stranger, her mind appeal^ed to be agitated by a d^snltory 
sort of anxiety ; at one time she would utter incoherent expres- 
sions, and in half finished sentences, betray the apprehensions wtiicfi 
she tried in vain to dissemble ; and it is to these secret alarms, 
those importunate forebodings, that I ascribe the injunction thai 
slie gave me to redouble my vigilance. I was from that time 
charged with the sole management of her household. 
^ After our return from Milan, the Princess, satisfied, no doubt, 
with my zeal and my assiduity, notified to me her intentioi^to 
renard them. I conjured her that she would be jg;raciou8ly plea^ 
fd confer upon my family the favours which she intended for o^j^- 
self; in consequence of this request it was that t had the h^npHC 
(^ presenting to h^r my sister and my little Yictorine, ^hp^^ J^j 
fantine graces had the good fortune to conciliate the fayouc and 
fcittdness of her Royal Highness; indeed so far, ibat she ^ii(}^ 
sceifded, in a manner, to adopt her, by permitting her aun|( t(|m^n| 
tlntie her education. ,/.:.. su 

* The inquisitorial surveillance which the commissioii aJt Mils^ 
exercised over the Princess ' disgusted her with her resideufe^.^y; 

— ' —^—. , . :.. ;. • : ' , —r-cm 

*Thi8 room I continued tooccMpy fftHn.llie.<k^Qf thQdisi|qiip 
of the false keys, made by a guilty hand for the jpurposeof gaining 
adVnlssiou to tho Queen's chamber.' ' "* ' * j 



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487 

^ . ■-' h' t 
Ibat city, aad we depurted for Veoiee. It wa» ih^ftbM yioidr 
rise wa¥ oae day .in ny anw as the Pjruiecpa.wfti^ paaaiog^lher 
Royal Highness took from her own neck agolden cbaillKllJl^h.«^ 
undescended to pot ronnd the neck of my chihLi TUalr^bvPI^ 
of benefolence and generosity baa not been leas perfertedfpr Um 
productiire of calnmny than some others tliatpi:ac«ded it h^«^,rM4 

At Cpmo^ the Princcns, who.kaew tbatiny. birth iMd nflrfii^f^ 
me unworthy of the distinction, honoured me with the.^tMl^'V 
chamberlain, and Ibe Coantess of Oldi^ my aisl^» beeiMne Ja^y of 
(he palace. . . .« ,.s^ 

After sojoiimiog a short time at Como, we embaiked for Gvee^ 
^nd my sister and myself received on board the vessel ex|wesp 
icommands not to quit her Royal Highness^ or to leave her fpf^ a 
moment unattended by the one or the other of vs. A tent, was 
Erected opbn the deck for the reception of the Princess^ and my 
sister and myself watched by turns while she was aaleep. 
' On our arrival at Athens^ in April, 18)6, the Pnnoeis permitted 
us to accompany her to the places which she visited* I regret 
exoeedinglPtbat my memory does not enable me here to retrace 
the vivid description, and detail the classical observations which 
I heard from the mouth of her Royal Highness upon the magnili- 
ceot ruinaand the historical recollections which render this ancient 
city an object of curiosity and interest to travellers. We visited 
in succewion the Acropolis, the walls which surrounded the Pro|^.- 
lema, the Temple of Theseus, the Pnyx, and, above all, the ma- 
jestic eolnmns, the venerable remains of Jupiter Olympios^ wbic^ 
still bear witness of the splendour and perfection of the sciencce 
and the arts in Greece. The Princess recited many of the bea«- 
tlfhl lin^s of Lord Byron on the subject 

" At'Ephesus I remember the Countess d'OIdi liaviug advanced a 
Uw paces while we were exploring the ruins of the temple^ we 
suddenly perceived, in the attitude of a statue, upon the ruins of 
ao antique altar, the little Victorine, with her arms extended to* 
waids the Princess, and in the act of presenting her with ^ cbapl^ 
Her Royal Highness condescended io smile at this homage of gra- 
titude ftom a child; she took Victorine in her arms, aiid lavished 
tipah her the most tender caresses. 

FhHt Atheos we set sail for Syria. The moment we dif^f% 
harfcad apoo the ahore, I protraated myself, and, with a holy 
tmnsporl, kissed the lad of our glorious redemption. The sen* 



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MtioN iriiieb I exptrieiieeil cm enlertnfc i w aiem tteva- em bt 
oUilentad fnm tbe taUetof mtmmj. I WrteA irilh a daare 
'!» ^itit Itie My sepakJirt, ttmi tbe day after vy arrml I repaired 
^'the tinpU, aeoMDpainad hy ny aiatir aod Ike cbtid Victoriiie. 
4 Uirairmqraeftf ol tlie kaae af that moaaaMnt^ wliieh^ lika that 
iiapartabaUa Mligwn, of whieh it is tba ^aateal myttaj, %aa 
«lllHtaad m many aaaaalta' raawiaed aalm tkroagh tha lapaedf 
ao flMay oanteias^ivand I latamei Uaaka ta PiwrMenea for bavia|r 
iad Bie mUk bia pfateelinir ^^^ •^^ ^ the taad^ of oar Ueaaed 
<8aviaar« to offer the tribute of my piety and gratitude^ Oa Ibk 
baUawed apot I ianpliMrad heaven ta shed upoa a babaad rateH ita 
ittaoi&aalioa and ita aaviag- graca^ aad to endow bar with teaabi- 
jlioD aad -atvaafrlh aufietent lo repiat teaiplalioa^ aad la ttiaai^ 
mmr ail tbe aeaauht iaoideat to tbia aortal life. To iaipbiraCloil 
§m a aontioaaace of oar baidlb aod bappiaeia, waa la inf aealb 
Him for .the health and bappimea af ker lo wham I and aiy fitttily 
wara.iadebled for ours, aad her aagaat aeaM waa natofally blaudel 
.irit^ our ^nyaia. Tbe Priaccaa«- impelled by a <batiw to viait the 
hofy piaceOj found ua in thia reiigioNa aAlilude^ and tlH eoba of tlie 
aaorad vaulta bore to her the voms whaab we were tit IIm act of 
.aAring ap foriker. 

Dariag my aajoum ia the Uoiy Gily, I aaaaraautladforaaiiisle 
day goiag to the sanctuary to offer my dor akiaaa to tbe AJaMgiagr, 
4md I waa no less regular io my visita to the Palriaraba al.tbe 
-Uoly Sepalehf e. The moat reverend Aotonia S -- *■ - ^ a asati 
•of a highly caUitaled miad, an4af virtaoaa habits, aAwiH ail aae 
to bis friendship ; aad eonviaced ofay piety^ wiahiag alao^ptrbapa^ 
^ confer a mark of disiincUoa upon tbe chaaibarfaia af the Brnm- 
cess, he decorated me with tbe order of the Haiy Sepulcbre> wfelsA 
I reoeived from his hnada with the most pr a fo u ad gmtiittda.^*^ 
When I appeared before the Princese with tbia daoaimlia^) Iba 
idea of creating a new one inunadiately saggestad ilaeK MKl«b- 
the Utle of " tbe Order of St. CaroUiw of Janisalam/' o# wMk 
ber most faithfol servants sboald be the fiiat kaiglila.: Tkm 
iliatitaUou was tbe ocosaioa of a solewa fola> ia whicb fooag 
Auatin and myaelf proaoaaAsd atoad the oath of raoaiaiag fer 
ever faithful to the person and .fete of tbe PriBeesa»-«aa*aalb 
which waa repeated hjr all those who aarsaandad bar at liMtihie» 
*«HHi oalb wbieb, uttered ia the moat holy place in tbe watW, 
waaMlafallibly iavobe tbe vangeance af heaven apan tbe goilty 



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,|m4« of ^bM« wMo should htw ^ MiMniy lft^v|Dtal#^tli-mir^ 

<l|^l<^tfce.p«|JM|5^| . • • .•.. 1 lO.TvaMo 

^ tM mWMifim of Aui ■w tiiwr ty 9«ro tkm Mroms t/iMQl «ilPM 
IBH^ptiV^ ; ^Mt km mn iMiul lie fr«M*ed:|i6r ^Iftfe^HMrfbti t^l 
fiMMfi MP^ Apd xifi«MiMii^ lo iMiiMtfikilea M^^^iiMwii^ 

ilj(.t>ti.«eiu f*wMi»e«M4ftnryinlir69litig'aMl«otem«iMBe^ it 

jiMb t|i^ 4e«kMli<M»fiC UNmJtftiiiii teiiliwiitoai tlni 

iM 4iida\gimieaf xiiiiiiii^ Um§ep Mier AIm ywP O i •f 4llieir w- 

fipmim 9f itfn^; cqim 9Lfftwi0 Iim6 ieeA rwieotigr «rMt64/MI 
4be.«UM irho iJMoiilyJte tight ttieetdn;: reposes by fhb «nk «f 
tbe «bwf who frMndftd tiie Uiiie of Iih foveAitlMfi. fa tlit MMilt 
jrf Jtoi^ Aotpaineiilji af |*e 4m4 iw»»fci6rfieJ « eenptftyiit yMmg 
.vifgim. dingisg the hymn of Janenthtimi. Ftom tlM a h hp to t -(if 
•jMhite roaee joyet .ife'eeftt» ta«i elher 4eeoralfoM, iN»«eppeeiM 
/thai it wi^ tb^fvnval fHnmcmmkn ef b yoimg wotten, ii4ioiii thlfy 
wv1i'4i0ii^ri|ig t^her IM abode, when m female, vltfi diehetelled 
Jbi|iiW >fflc^ and enmeialed, aad 9mdkmg the air trMi her eht^eM, 
IfaiAiriieratlf iHMtt llie grare, as if desiroas te h^cdtm itS'tiM- 
iittHt.. ''Ah!'' «x«laimedihe PHacess, «««At is>^'inelh^1|' 
Meisfreiiit teiwwiethe dhri^onMlate iroiaai^ as if to eeespose'Nn* : 
ifli fodHvmmtd le pferent her. ^h^riik i^op me><^ taM'ttte 
BiiMefM, ^ l^nn ^alie a anolber; and, perfmps, «t fhier A6iiiefit, 
dkMa%;.^^'Il^'atWrlaf th^Mwords she tkinted, add w^'ctin- 
«d$M berbiik' tor ferasalem, where she remained eomef ime, owe- 
mhdm^^nMk the fbtWhodiAgs whttlt Heaven too soon reaflt^it. f 

WM ;<fii.i:ru' . ■ ■■ ■'.'■' — n — «■ « ■ 111 

Hlf^Tlhe-^^a, or^ov^TiiOr of Jertisalem. ' * '"^ 

, >riii/rM vielahohdty evleiit of the Rriliocft GHarlstte^ Ndehtft^ Is 
]ui<^wp and ip\t bj all ; stnd X wUl not at|cas|4 to deserihe Um «ftc- 
lion of ber august mother on recei?iog in/ormatioil tf.,th0hfilAid 
l>la'#^hicti bereft her of all her hopes. 

21. 3tt 



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400 

Tiie ittra?an baing ready to 86l oat, and^ Victoriae baing aavil* 
liog^ to quit tbe Ptineen^ her Royal Highneis Voagbt for lier an 
aiB, apoti which the child craawd tbe desert. It is aingtilar; that 
aatwitlMtaDdiDg the tendemesa of her age, Vi^toriae^a health was 
aot*fea> a .nomatit affected, while rohoat owa wtnaatrock to Ike 
groiiod by enip9*de*$oieiL As a preventive, her Royal Highness 
ordered a. watar*nieioa cat in two, and one of the pieces was used as 
a odvering for the head. The coolness of this Trait protects it from 
fhe.iateaaity of tbe rays of the snn ; but this eicporineat, which 
wilh bef had the desired effect, occasioned to others who tried it 
inost Solent headache : Ibis I eKperienced myself. At thai season 
of tbe year tbe heat was so intense, that the brain of aevaral 
persona in tha aaite of her Royal Highness was affected. I re- 
ooUact that one day in particnlar her Royal Highness's dinner did 
not arrive at the nsoal hour : I went myself to aseertniu the eanse 
of the delay, and I found the eook brandishing a spit, dancing 
opon the ocorcbing saad, and challenging the scullions to fight, 
at the same time proclaiming. hhnself the first Knight of the Cm* 
sades. Tbe physician whom I sent for was of opinion that tbe 
eacessiira heat of Iheaon bad caused this detifinm, and bis treat- 
ment aoon restored tbe patient to his reaHon, and his fsmacea. 
After that ecourrence, bis companions called him the Dan Quixote 
of the Desert 

At ourd^artore from Syria the Princess had the condescensiiAi 
to ask Victorine what she wished to bring with her m a remenA 
brance of her journey to Palestine. The child replied, that she 
wanted something, but durst not ask for it. Her Royal Highness 
repUed, that whatever her wish might be, it should be gra;tified» 
'' Well/' said Victorine, '' allow me to take my ass along with 
me.'^ Thi^ funny answer made the Princess laugh heartily ; the 
ass was put qu board, and brought along with us to Italy. 

On the passage nothing remarkable occurred. The same i^ppre- 
hensions as formerly existed, and the same watching by day and 
by night was kept up* - / 

From the period that the Princess honoured me with her partis 
cnlar confidence, I was charged with the distribution of lier gifls. 
As the medium of her bounty, 1 received a portion of the gratitude 
which was intended for her ; and it can only be to this sort of 
feeling that I was indebted for the entertainment that was given to 
mo^hy the ship's company on the 24th of Augnat Never did I 



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491 

more vensiUy foely or neve bigbly prixe, tlie honour of liettig* iii 
Uie aefTioeof a Pmcess so affiiUe and generood. 

WhoB we relnmedtdllnly^ berHegralUfgbneas iMMig^teirees 
to prof ide for (he litile Victorine, whoB^dttpouUon and «Hiimeni 
geiiied daily ob faer efiBBtioAS, ordered a house to be frarebaadd lev 
ber in the Betghboorhood of Milan; and the inflaeaee of ^ power* 
U impreeeion iudoced/oe to cbooeetbat retreat DeW'te ihe>viila 
vhere so mocb bappiaesa bad been predicted by the eyW.' "Mom 
doured by tke proeeaeeof the Prineets, it waa in tnat relieelithBt 
my sister and I did etery thing in eur power to aaauage the gsief 
wbieh bad ofer whelmed ber ever sinee the death of her dear ^ and 
amiable daughter. . * ' 

At one time the- Countess Oldi wonid invite from the oily the 
eoknpany of comedimis^ who performed the most ialeweling aoeiea 
in the new operas. At another time we would amese ber by> ex^ 
curaions upon (he lake, where the gentle zephyrs mingled with 
the harmony of the faa^d. In these coucertai her Royal Highneaa 
waa frequently amused by hearing the little Victorine sing this old 
Freneh ballad.* 

The maternal sorrows of the PrineesB experienced an aeeesaiea 
by (be occurrence of fresh causes of vexation. One day^ wbeu'i 
was alone in my room, a servant, who was particularly nodor my 
aoperintendence^ delivered to me a letter which he had reeeived 
tbe same day, and which had greatly astonished him: it waa 
coached in these terms :«— 



♦ In lieu of the French original, which is somewhat obscure, (he 
leader is requested to accept the following hasty English versifica* 
tleif:--^ 

At the feast of the village the shepherds contended, 
To whom, as the wisest, there should be conveyed 

A nosegay and crown, of the choicest ^wers blended^- 
And lovely £noi9B the umpire was made. 

To Daphne, the gay, fair Enonb assigsttd it. 
And,, blusbing^ presented the merited prize ; 

But he at her feet soon most gladly resigned it; 

Twas the sign of affection that beam*d in his eyes. 

Then foon to the altac En one retired. 

Devoting her heart to her Daphne alone ; 
Whilst loYC and affection her bosom inspired. 

She swore to preserve l)oth the nosegay and crown.— J^'N* • 

3a2 



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Am 

'^il.lL a,**** A**^* viU give hintelf the U^Mm W f$m, 
almU, U-morrow, at Ua o'cloek at «ghi, ia the streei St, « • », 
V0^^ ba w*U Uicre fad a caitaMi {letfiaa, wbo wiU give him m- 
fMVMlfai af Uia luf baai iMporlaiiecs.? 

CtflM^jwfofftB wl»idi teaahad me baviog^ apfmed ne Uial se- 
rmmi.mi the tarvaiita IwlongiD^ to tlie Wrmtem^^s ertaUiabiaeai 
ofaar wciii iO' the Itaaae iadiealed by the above uote, I had Ibe 
oiriMitji tt> aseerlaiii the oiali re which took them there. I com- 
iftaaiciladk Iha seerei to 6****, aad taking odo of his eoato, I 
lieal ta< Ike plaaa ileMribed, and iutfodaced myself in his name. 
Tlmre i waa feeeived by as llaliao> who was a total slraag er to lae, 
bat whose appearance and manners removed the appreheaaioas 
whieh auch a roadesvoaa was ealoilated to produce. Afier inqoir* 
iag vhelhisr 1 ma caatenied with my coaditioa, he told ma that 
I had il i» iDft power, if I chose, to make my fortune fior ever, by 
parferiaiof an eaiiaeiii aervice. Desiring to know the nature of 
tha aervioe whidi was expected from G****« I did not hesitate 
tamaka a (air pcomiaoi The atraoger then, at the coadusion of 
several qaestions respecting the conduct of the Priaoeas, and the 
aarf of 4voor which aha grauted to a certain chamberlain, added, 
ilaA il I would make discloaurea upon her different voyagea and 
jou■lOitt^ aad keep a regular journal of the actions, condod^ and 
mavaawnta» and wauM note down the converaalions of hec Royal 
Highness, I should be handaomely rewarded, and exempted from 
any uapleasaut ioquiries or exposures. 

Deiermined to lend myself to any project, for the purpose of de- 
riving from this discovery all the advantage that I had reason to 
expect from it in behalf of her Royal Highness I answefed^ that 
I aboold be well disposed to undertake the required service, but 
thai I waa fearful that I should be betrayed by the vigilance of 
• the individuals about the Princeis> and whose zeal would assuredly 
denoynea ma to her, and make me lose my situation, if she anter- 
tai^ed the slightest aospiaioa of such aur eafecrpriae. I described 
the two persons whoa I had the greatest reaaon to- dread, aad it 
waa uot without surprise that I obaerved the ataranger to smile at 
the mention of their names. ** Make yourself perflecHy etey," 
said he ; '' those two persons have been long in the secret, aad 
have received more than once the reward of their disclosvres. It 
is through them that I have afready procured the scandaFooa mo- 
tive foi the astonishing success of the Courier Pergami." 



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4ft» 

Ai Ui«8e woff4» I co«ld joarMljr iMlram My isdligMtidii; but, 
■pprtb«i|uve leuX I tfliMikl comnii mymAf, nmi lose ty uMiiere'- 
tioQ Um obiect of my ttoderUlluag^ I 4iMei»bl«<l« fttd — ttiijitiJ 
ub46» a leok of ajpprolnlkMi the horror which thb cx««wiY« ptfit^ 
Htmiiy prod««ed ia ni«. Eacoartged by aiy appareM ootflMaatry 
and still more by the assurances thai had beea girea him 4$ Ihe 
facility of bribinf 6***^, the slrang er gara m^ to aadatataad 
that those iaK> iodlviduala^ cemect^d as nueb by iirtereal a» bf' 
UtMired habits of debauchery, roataally prUnia^ to lay nenr siNtfas 
for the beaignityi the credulity, aad the honoat of her iloyak 
Uighuesv, and recoaMaeuded ne net to suffer any opportaaitf 1^ 
pasa without giving bin inforiMilioii on> these mallarvy whiii^ it 
was of coaae^uence for him t« know. la attending aie to the d^MT 
he pal into my haad a peper^ which I afterwards ibuad to' hei a 
hanft MsCe oi twenty paands. 

I passed the eatipe night wliidh Rucceeded tliis iatarview wfth^ 
out being able to cldse my eyes. The necessity of eoaunuvikitd 
ing ia the Priaiosa tha existence of the coospivaeies whre^ w%re 
hatohing against hea aoder her awn roof occtipieift my andtvkledf 
attcabaa. 

At aa early hour ia the marniaf I iitforniad her R»yiM Highaesa 
of wha* had pasaed o«ar aight. The Prraeaes, in the excess «# 
bap henetaianoe, leAiseHI to give credenee to i^tatiom of aacHi 
moaatiaas perfidy y but baring received, b«f means of InteroepMl 
leMara, a confirmation of tie stalcineat, she delermia^ tt^dismiihr 
Ifce aathass, and aeon aAerwapdb Ihcy reeeWeift their diactterger. 

It arasal tfaah pariml thal^ her Ra^al Highness, ki oMler t<^ ra^ 
Have her aiuid from gri«f and rexalion, and to- eaeape iVom fha^ 
ia^niattioD af a caloael, aafoHanalely too ftrtinoaa at the prsieM 
day. aadertook a loaf to the moantaioa of Cha Ty^. The^ ^^^ 
eess sent me privately one day to Inspruck, with coaittflnda- %& 
faring back diapatcbes whtch she would intrast fo me afmte. I 
aal ad a moment, and not being able to retam from ^M Mht 
tiil.aMdlught» I Mt it my dnty to awaken her Royal Highness, 
fbf the parposa of rendering a^ account of the message to-'wHich' 
ahp attached ao much importaaea. It is astonishing that c^lamny 
aboald have perverted into a crime an occorfence so trifling in* 
iteelf. 

Tha Uieof the Priaoesa was-gKdtngon in a peaceMretrestr 
her chief occupation consisted in distributing her daily charities ; 



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404 

atid the bleniiigt of the BiiiTounding population began to recsoaeilc 
htt to live in a foreign land, when an Engli&h messenger arrited 
#tth 'intelligence of the deccfase of his Majesty King George III* 
The painfbl task of announcing that lamentable event to the Prin* 
eesa' derotved npon me. I went into her cabinet, and thna ail- 
. dnMrised 4ier in a tremulous voice : — 

"Madam,— you are become a Queen !" " O my God !" abe 
exclaimed, " I have lost all !" She gave vent to her grief in.* 
flood of tearSi ** Alas,'' she added, " I shall never more behold 
Aiy protector — ^my only friend— the man whose heart was to mean 
asyloin against persecution. What will become bf meP'' 

At these words she was overwhelmed with such excessive afflic- 
tion, that her beiilth continued for several days in a very precariona 
state; even the prospect of speedily appearing umoug a people 
that adores her could not mitigate the bitterness of her grief; and 
we often heard her say, " Of what use is a crown to me, since it 
cannot now adorn the head of my daughter P" 

To 80 many wounds inflicted upon a heartof in6nite sensibility 
were superadded outrages against her honour and dignity ; and, 
instead of returning to her dominions to receive the homage of a 
great nation^ and 4p bbed a tear upon the tombs of a revered father 
and an adorable daughter, she could not appear amongst her sab- 
jects without being loaded with a weight of a criminal accnsa- 
tion. Who would believe it P It is against the beloved daughter 
of 'George III. — it is against the dignified mother of the unfor- 
tunate Princess Charlotte, that they presumed to propose and 
sanction the erasure of her name from the poblic prayer»»«— to ac* 
cept an honourable exile, and to barter her sceptre and her hooonr 
for some niilions. She promptly made her election — she traversed 
France, and in that country it was that I bade her, perhaps, an ' 
eternal adieu ! . 

Fame has amply blazoned the reception which England gave. to 
ber Majesty, It belonged to a people, the first, who determined 
to b^ governed by jnatioe and liberty, to dt;clare themselves the 
noble defenders of innocence. How deeply have I been aflfeeted 
by the noble eloquence of the following letter> which all Europe 
have read with admiration — a letter in which the force of truth is 
united with the dignity of a royal soul ! * 

* The letter here alluded to shall be given at the time in which 

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405 

Dttring my short stay ai Paris, where I left my daqght^ ^t^^K 
the care of a respectable governess, I had the satisfactipo of ,(^1;^ 
servfug that some of the most distinguished men in Frapce; avpwe4 
themselves to be strenuous partisans of the Queen, and lam^at^d^ in 
common with all virtuous men, the deplorable spectaclp whifik 
that scandalous trial exhibits to all Europe, and unite th^k wishes 
with those of the noble lords, the Greys, the Norfolks, the 
Hollands, the Lansdowns, the Erskines, the Broughams, the 
Wddds, &c. &c. who have already consecrated the influence of 
their virtues, and the energy of their senatorial talents, jji 4^ 
fending the most noble of causes. 

This cause will undoubtedly triumph ; but if this triumph should 
ibr an instant hang in a doubtful balance, then will I rend in pieces 
the veil which, from motives that will readily occur to any one, , 
I have deemed it expedient to sofier to remain over certain trans? 
actions, and over some of the actors who have performed prominent 
characters in this novel and momentous drama. 

When we come to detail the alarming and sin-, 
gular proceedings against the ilinstrions subject of 
these Memoirs in the House of Lords, we shall 
freqaently discover proofs of the general trajkh of 
the foregoing curious narrative. Many of its facts 
are confirmed^ and that upon points on which it 
was hardly possible that any one, except the Baron 
Bergami himself, or some one in his confidence^ 
could have been informed. 

After the statement of this fact, it will be scarcely 
necessary to notice the diabolical malignity with 
which this excellent man!& chara<;ter kik3 been pili-- 
sued by those who» in seeking the destruction of. 

— ., — . . : 8 " ■■ ' > ■«■' ■ ■■ j" ■ » "^ ■ 

the events which gave rise to it can with propriety be recorded^ H ' 
' is the celebrated letter of the Queen to the King, dated Branden- 
burgh House, August?, 1820. 



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4»6 

iMrchaiiib«ri«ii'« character, were aiitlinj^ a d«A4iy 
bl6w at their Queen her»e1f. They who could (as 
some anonymous reptiles have dared to do) de* 
aignclte Bergami by the term Fifflio di Fhcchino, 
a term which, though literally meaning ** the itid 
of a porter/* is considered among the Neapolitan 
as one of the greatest reproack-^4neaning a ** vtf- 
ffOhendf pipsey, or the scum of society," Are utterly 
unworthy of the smallest credit, whilst thefr 
statements of him have received the most palpable 
XHNitradiction, by the oaths of hotioorable and r^- 
spet^tahle men. I wUi not, therefore, defile mv 
pages by retailing any porUoil of tbe falsehoods 
and libels with which Baron Bergami's character 
and honour hate been assailed by anonymous 
writers, ander the hypocritical signatures of Fmto^^ 
CandidiiSf and the like. Veritas is, in these times*, 
fiefaently the greatest of liars ; CandiduSf a most 
illiberal and cunning rascal ; and J^ilo a saucy 
and malignant pedant. 

An offer of the brevet rank of captain from ti\e 
unfortunate Joachim, Ring of Naples, was refuseid 
by M. Bergami, who preferred the service, bumble 
as his situation then was, of the Princess of Walea^ 

f have already noticed the disingenuous conduct 
af those who have endeavoured to attach blame^ tp 
her Royal Highness, the Princess of Wales, for her ^ 
visits to the late King of Naples, and have stated^ 
Ihatt at the tima sha so viaited him, Mnrat was the 
friend and ally of Great Britain^ or at least the 



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4»7 

acknowledged sovereign of Naples. Some 'HttU^ 
further tootice of that ill-fated^ monarch umy' ooi^'Ue 
here anamudng or uninstmctiv^. . * ' "" 

Towards the eod of the year 1 814, anfl «l the 
commencement of the following year, the utmost 
dUcord prevailed at the congress of Vidnna., Aus- 
tria, France, and England united, by a secret 
convention, against Russia and Prussia — two powers 
which appeared to put no bounds to their pi^tei^- 
sions. Such, at least, were the views which oiwy 
enlightened men at that time entertained of those 
powers. Prussia, it was said^ wishcid to unite 
Dresden to its territory ; but this was contrary to 
the interest of Austria. France, supported by- 
Spain, — which, by the way, was but a sorry sup* 
port to any power — demanded from the court of 
Vienna, in recompense for its support — that it 
should consent . to the Bourbons of Sicily being 
permitted to reascend the throne of Naples. Aus- 
tria refused, as much through jealousy of the 
House of Bourbon, as in order not to betray 
MtJRAT, who had contributed so much to the 
success of the allies in 1814, by making cofUQion ' 
caujse against Bonaparte. This is the confession of 
Napoleon himself concerning his brother-in-law, 
the Neapolitan sovereign. And I need not remark,, 
that ingratitude to Bonaparte was never yet deemed 
by his enemies a reason why the tngrate should not 
be visited and honoured as the friend of Napoleou^s 
foes. Joachim had decided some of the events of , 
the late war. |{is own army consisted of 50,000 
21. 3 k 



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406 

mm^ Kf with Uw tm biul joined the G«Uo<*Italia& 
army* whioh. f?M oomodaiukd by tbe Viceroy of 
Italy, it would, in aU prgbabiiity, bave compelled 
thai ^ AuAtria to remaio for Ibo defeace of Ca- 
riiKlrbia and tW Tyrol. The army of tlie Yii^eroy 
wais superior to that of Field-Marabal Bell^arde^ 
but it was kept in cbeck by the Neapolitan forees. 
ThuH the weig^ht which Murat pot into the scale on 
tbe abovo occai»ioo was 120,000 men. 

The year in which her Royal Highness visited 
the Neapolitan coort^ for which some persons af<- 
fi^M^ to blame be9» as the friend of a revolutionary 
monarch* and the relation of Bonaparte, Morals 
army waa extremely formidable] yet it contaiued 
2000 Freneh, Corsican, or Italian commissioned 
and non-<commiwoned offieers, who quitted ita 
vanki as soon as they received the circular by 
whi«h CoQDt Mol^ grand judge, recalled tba 
French from tha service of Naples. In the fol- 
lowing year» ^nd but a few days before Bona* 
parte'p qnitting Elba, that wrestless being dispatched 
a mofuseng^r to N^ples^ to make knowo to that 
court bi4 iatention to jnstnrn to France, and to de« 
wre Mumt would aend a courier to VieDoat <Hrder-> 
log bifi ambansador u> notify to that court that 
Franco would continue to eiiecutQ the treaty of 
Pari9 ; and* above all^^ that ita pretensiona to Italy 
were qomplftely renounced, Murat, however, ro^ 
fused to joiuN the standard of Bonafuirtfi ; and 
tbroughf p§rhap9» « rash enterprise^ to maintain 
tho ind^pendfc^nc? of Ualy» bo fell a victim to the 



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fhgt of hf8 etiemkis. As Bortup^rl^ sift^vwiirds 
thime to cHtpf^si it, Morat, tw\M a prey to tfie 
irtran^est fktattty^ was as often the carcrse of their 
(the Frettch) mlsforttrnes; in 1814, by dedafirtg 
war agaitifit France ; and in 1815» by a similar step 
wkb regard to Austria* 

The Mbsequent hisitorf of Mumt sufficiently 
sbows^ thaty however unfortunate his career, how- 
€v*r dis^raccfd! his dedth, at the tifi^e he was tii 
wted by the Princess of Wales he was the friend 
add supporter of the legitimate sovefetgtis of Eu- 
vope, a^inst the inteiUioEm and invasions of Baatf- 
parte* The Duke of Bedforcf, Lord Holland, Sif 
Robert Wilson, the Marquis of Sligo, L^rd Oaford, 
the Earl of Landatf, Oeneral Matthews, and se- 
veral other English noMemen, and other penions of 
rank, were mention^ as bis particular friends and 
acquaintance. If, as Lord Castlereagb (now the 
Marqmsof Li)*Hk)ndefry> afterwards attempted to 
prove, Murat was epgaged i^ carrying on a per- 
ildious correspondence with Napoleon daring the 
tiDie he was engaged to act with the allies, a cbargie, 
however, which, I believe, had no foundation what- 
ever, that fact could not be known to her Royal 
Highness the Princess of Wales, any more than to 
any of the noble and honowrable English personages 
who, in 1815, visited the Neapolitan Court* 



♦ The following account of Mufat*« death mafy not be tmrnte?- 
resting tp the reader. After this unfiappy king's ^P'^Wtm from 
his NeapoliUn dominioD?, and the restoration of Ferdinand IV. afs 
king of the Two Sicilies, /oachim suffered the greatest prrratlons. 

3r2 

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It has already h^fixi aieiitiqnec) ^hat her Rpy^ 
Highness the Pfincess of. Waie$ arrived. at Naples 



He wandered about, in various parts of the South .qf Fraac^ in 
^ods and forests/ and afterwards in the island of Corsica, some* 
titt)^ without food, and almost without clothing. At length, bow- 
erer, becoming known in that island, his cause was espoused by a 
few desperate and courageous individuals ; and lie resolved, id de* 
filrnce of the most earnest entreaties of some of his warmest friendft, 
to make an effort to regain the throne of Naples, having, oolj the 
Mme year, been totally defeated by the Austrians in the North of 
Italy. Murat sailed from Ajaccio in the night between the ^tii 
and 29th of Sept. 1815. 

At thc^ time of the King's sailing, (says Mr. Macirone, who 
had been Murat's aide-de-camp, but an £ogUshmao by birth,) 
ks well as for a considerable time before, the weathel* had 
been uniformly fine and serene; but on the night after his tul* 
ing, a violent storm dispersed his little squadron, which coq« 
^isted'of five small vessels. The intention of the King hail been 
,to land at Salerno, which is within thirty miles of Naples, and 
where a considerable number of old Neapolitan troops were re- 
organizing. On the storm subsiding, he found hfmself at the en- 
.trance of the Gulf pf St. Euphemia, entirely separated from the 
rest of his squadron. Thus situated, he, for reasons with which I 
•any'not well acquainted, decided 4)n landing immediately in the 
vicinity of Pizzo, in preference to returning towards Salerno, in 
search of the rest of his force. The felucca which carried the King 
^as the smallest and the swiftest of the flotilla. Beside saiioKS^ 
the number of persons on board consisted of thirty-one, all veteraa 
'officers', amongst whom was General Franceschetti* These, with 
•the Kingdt their head, who was habited in a splendid uniform, 
landed within half a mile of the town of Pizzo. At this eventful 
-moment, the first whore-beheld the person of their heroic but nor 
fortunate sovereign were a few soldiers, called coast-guards, yfho^ 
from curiosity, or in execution of their duty, had repaired to th^ 
.s)>ot where he landed. Some of tUe men immediately reoogniwd 
the King, and placing their shakos on their bayonets, saluted fum 
with the most enthusiastic cheers! He now lost no time in prd* 
teeditig with his. party to the ^wn of Pizzo, and arrived at tlie 
market-place, where he addressed the throng by which he waffsur- 
i^und^d. " Many of the inhabitants saluted him as king, and pre- 
pared to join him ; the rest manifested a degree of timidity and 
suspense. He, however, did not think proper to wait there to in- 
crease his force ; but having been supplied by the inhabitants with 
a sufficient number of horses, immediately proceeded towards Mon* 
teleone. . - • » 

It may be necessary to observe that the principal part of the 



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501 

<fn the 8th of November, I8l4, and that she wa^ 
met a few miles from that city by the . King* of 



town of Piezo and its dependenciet belong to the SpanUb grand«e# 
the Duke del Tnfantado. This circumstance naturally gives tgt (hf 
agent of the duke, who resides there, much influence over (be in- 
liB|>itaots, The King had no sooner quitted the town, than this 
agent of the duke harangued the people in the market-place, a|it 
pealing principally to their fears, and demanding whether they 
could be aware of the dreadful punishment and extermination to 
which they would be subjected for not having opposed the progress 
of the invader. He thus contrived to induce several of the people 
to take up' arms, and place themselves under his command. la-the 
mean time King Joachim was hastening towards Monteleonei.be 
bad not, however, proceeded far before he was. met by a colonel of 
gens d'armes, nanyed Trentacapeltl, who was on his way from Moor 
teleone to Pizzo. , The King invited the Colonel to join him, and 
proceed with him to Monteleone ; but the Colonel, fearing perhaps 
to confide in such apparent feeble means, respectfully declined the 
pix>pofal, and pointing towards Monteleone, be observed, /* he 
would regard kim as his sovereign whose flag he should behold flying 
on the castle." On this the King imprudently suffered him to 
proceed to PIzeo, where he found the agent of the Duke del Ipfan- 
tado using his utmost influence with the people to induce them.to 
arm in the cause of Ferdinand., The arrival of the Colonel gave « 
new impulse to this measure ; he united his efforts and authority to 
the persuasions and influence of the agent, and vyithout Joss of 
time put himself at the head of a strong party, and hastened to 
pursue the King, who by this time bad got h^lf way to Moo«- 
teleooe. . . 

The Colonel and his party had not proceeded far from the town 
before his approach was perceived by King Joachim, whose ruin 
was at this moment consummated by a most fatal mistake. It oo 
corred to the King and his followers that the armed party, which, 
from their elevated situation, they could see at ^ considerabjle .dis^ 
tance» had been collected by Colonel Trentacapelli, with the loten*- 
tton of joining them. With this idea the King suspended his Aiarcljb 
thinking it more advisable, to await this expected. reinfo{;^mei^ 
previous to his entrance into the city of Monteleone, On the nearer 
approach of these supposed friends, the King advanced some steps 
to meet them, and some of his little troop shouted '' viva U Ri 
GioacMmo!'* when, to their surprise, they were answered by a 
volley of musketry. A sharp contest immediately ensued ; the 
King's party foaght desperately ; some of them were killed, .and 
many wounded. It was not possible for them entirely to disperge^ft 
force so superior in point of numbers, and they could not advance 
to Monteleone with these enemies in their rear ; the King therefore 



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Napleii and his Court; a mark of respect wbicli 
did not fail to excite indignation in the breasts of 



deCerm'tfied to regain hh vessd. Folloiwcd by Getfcrif FWfiPcw 
•tetH.-aftd a&idift twelve others he rushed through tbe thktat: of 
his enfinifjt, of whcrti fie slew several with his owrr harrd, and dis* 
charged hi* list pistof in th<* face of Colonel TrentacapeW, bill 
wilb^vt kiWng him. The hoitlle paify were astomish^d* by CM 
daring attack, und thrown into confusion, when the King', profiting 
by tMt comst^fnation, pushed foi^ward, and reached the be«eh, 
vtme be had left bit Testel, hi nisei f unhurt, though all the others 
were wounded. 

• < At tbit momenf he would tmd<mbtedfy have htanr nred If hit 
tieaiel had been thereto receire him, but she wafsttndfng otit to 
Ma, The commander. Captain Barbara, had heard the ftHfng be- 
tweiefli the King and h'n pursuers, and consoltmg oaly his owa 
tafety, left the coast, and abandoned the Kmgto his fate. lo this 
diesperate situation the King threw himtetf Into the water, to4 
gained a fish in g-boai which lay close at hand* Frtticeschetti and 
the rest followed him. The boat was unfortunately aground, and 
the Kmg^s efforts to posh It off proted ineffecttial' Piiidrag: this 
boat immpvcabie, the King again threw himself into the sea^ and 
got into another, a very small one, which was abocrt twenty yinfc 
diit3ll^ fiwn the other. By this time the beach was crowded by 
the King's pursuers, but uonc of them now attempted to <5nf tt 
him, nor dared to approach him ; all stood gating at hrm in asto* 
aishmeftt, and in the little boat he might have escaped, but tt was 
unfortunately fostened to the shore, and be could not disengage 
the rope. The fisherman to whom it belonged, perhap? from the 
fear of losing it, at length seiaed the head, and pulled it towards 
the beach, while one of his companions waded into the sea, got into 
the boat, and attempted to sHze the King, who strudk the fellow on 
the bead with hi9 fist, and knocked him overboard. Numbers now 
followed the example of the two fishermen, and the boat was comrJ. 
pl«tcly sarroimded, but stilt no one attempted to ofier videiice to 
the King's person. He stood up unarmed in the midst of fafs as^ 
saila»l»| entreating them to suflfer him to depart, and, as a 1^ hope^ 
fvodiiced his passport for Trieste. Finding his persuasions and re. 
aistaoce asel^ssi he was constrained to deljver himself into the haodb 
of his enemies. 

The Intelligence of ihf: evcM was immediately conveyed by tele- 
graph to Naples. The military commander of the district, lately 
piaoed there by King Ferdinand, received orders by the same ex- 
peditious coviveyance lo assemble a court-martial to try King Joa- 
chim. The trial was very summary : the King received his sen- 
tence u ith a smile of contempt and indignation. He wrot^ a moat 
aifcctlonale farewell letter to hts wife atid children, which he car- 



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ibe Qaeen's enemieB ; but which, as I have before 
sbowD/were worthy for her to receive, and bU 
Neapolitan Majesty to give. 

On the evening of the Qtht her Royal HighnesH, 
with her finite, attended the Opera, «nd the foUoW"^ 
log day she was visited by all the rank and fashion^ 
both Englifih and Neapolitan, in the city. She 
had, however, very fthortly, abundant reason to 
think it necewary that her person shonld be drli- 
gently watched over and guarded } for it reqoried 
no extraordinary powers of divination to discover 
tiiat spies were, as usnal, actively employed to 
mark her steps, and entrap ber to her destruction. 
Of this, indeed, she had already had some previous 
intimation ; and, accordingly, such a disposition of 
her sleeping, and other retiring rooms, was made 
US was thought necessary for her protection, with 
respect to the rooms of those on whom she could 
depend for her safety and defence against any 
midnight attacks that might be made upon her. 

Before we proceed with the narrative of her 
Boyal Highnesses residence at Rome, it will be 
proper to take somd notice of the situation in which 
she found herself shortly after her arrival in Italy. 

nettly begged might be safety delivered. He declared that he 
thought it incumbent upon bim to die in the profenion of the reH* 
gtoD in which he had be^ n educated, and requested the assistance 
of a clergy man, from whom he recei?ed the Eucharist. He had 
Qpon hit persoQ a portrait of his queen and children, which he 
placed upon his breast; and refusing to sit upon a stool which was 
oifered bin, nr to hat ^ bia eyca covered, he smiled upon his esceeu* 
tioaers, and received the fatal fire. This wasoo the 13th of pcl« 
18 J5. — Macirone's Interesting Facts relating to the FaHand Death 



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504 

i^Hh i^pect to her Englmb attendants. The M» 
lowiag, I believe, will be found to be a pretty 
. faithful^ though succinct account of tbi8 matter '.^ 
some (»)ight inaccuracies may possibly have crept 
into it; but, upon the whole, the reader may rely 
on the troth of the details. We have already seen 
who were the persons that accompanied her Royal 
Highness from England to Brunswick. Either at 
this place, or shortly after she entered Naples, 
those persons disposed of themselves nearly as 
follows : — 

Lady Charlotte Lindsay, agreeably to an ar- 
rangement previously made, repaired to the Spa, 
either to join her sister, Lady Glenbervie, or on 
account of her health. She rejoined the Princess 
at Naples, who, after four months* abode in that 
town, quitted it^ on account of the expense and 
the approaching political changes, and repaired,' 
towards the end of March, to Genoa. Lady Eli- 
zabeth Forbes, desiring to see her sister in Eng- 
land, returned there and left Lady Charlotte Lind-* 
say with the Princess. Mr. Craven was obliged to 
return to Germany on family affairs, and in order to 
meet his mother, the Margravine of Anspach. Sir 
William Gell, being attacked by the gout, could not 
remain with the Priacess any longer ; and therefore 
asked for a few months' leave* of absence. Capn 
tain Hesse was obliged to rejoin his regiment, in 
consequence of war being resumed. The Princess 
finding herself without an English chamberlaini 
wrote to: Mr. St. Leger to join her at Genoa, 



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with his family ; at the same time oSeriug tbepost 
of. maid of honour to his daughter. Her JEtoyat 
Highness dispatched many lett^s to press this' ai^* 
rangement, hot he declined^ alleging his iH healdi 
as the reason. The Princess then offered a pinee 
. U> Sir Humphry and Lady Dayy» who were at 
Naples ) but they also refused, pleading the dif- 
ferent purpose of their travelling. From the same 
motives of health, Mr. William Rose, the brother 
of the English minister at Berlin, refused. to join 
her Royal Highness. Mr. Davenport also refused, 
saying that he must return to England. In the 
same way, Mr. Hartop, cousin to Mr. Brougham, 
set out for England, to see his family. At Naples, 
her Royal Highness was obliged to part with Dr. 
Holland ; with Mr. North, brother of Lady Char- 
lotte Lindsay ; and with Mrs. Falconet, the wife of 
her banker, who wished to visit her children in 
Switzerland. Mr. North and Lady .Charlotte 
Lindlay left the Princess at Bmnswlck, to return 
io their parents in England. At Genoa, the 
Princess found Lady Glenbervie, her former lady 
of honour, with her lord, who remained with the 
Princess seven weeks. The Princess sent for Cap- 
tain Hownam from England, to be her private^ 
secretary, and he joined her at Genoa. The Clo- 
riode frigate brought Ijady Charlotte Gampi>ell and 
family, consisting of six young ladies, to Genoa 
from Nice. The Princess engaged a lodging for 
them and their governess, at her own expense, 
22. 3 s 



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506 

while Lady Ckarlotte remained wilb her at hkt 
palaM. 

^ Wben the Princess departed for Milan»'the abofe 
fkoiily acoompaoied her, her Royal Highness pay- 
ing the expenses of their journey and table. Soips 
wedrs passed away^ when Lady Charlotte received 
a letter from her cousin^ Mrs. Damer; and de* 
parted to join her at Lausanne. 

Lady Charlotte Campbell, hoping to become the 
heir of her coosint to whom she was moreover under 
many obligatioos, and leaving the Princess suddenly^ 
hei^ Royal Highness offered to take her eldest daogo-* 
ter as a maid of honour ; — she refused^ which was 
accounted for by the young Iady*s marriage a few 
mouths afterwards, to Sir William Cuaiming. The 
Princess was then in a new emfaarrassmeot to obtaio 
an English lady, always solicitous to have English 
about her. She therefore made similar propositioos 
to Lord and Lady Malpas, then at Milan ^ but they 
were rejected. 

After so many desertions and refusals on the part 
of the Eoglisb, her Royal Highness saw hersislf un- 
der the necessity of forming a court of Italians. 

The persons whom I have named, form vn 
^themselves a proof of the truths which I hav^ 
advanced ; and no additional justification is neces- 
tery. Her Royal Highness departed from Eng- 
laad with a court composed almost entirely of 
English ; by whom she was gradually forsaken. 
She sought by every possible means to replace 



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507 

tbem by others of the name country ; but ewHig to 
pretexts of ill healtbt fears, real . or pretended^ of 
l<^ng journeys ; boniesickness ; tbe desire of seeing 
friends and relations ; •nd otber motives, sincere 
or otherwise, the Princess saw herself as it were 
deserted and alone« Calumny, which in spite of 
nptorious fact^i, represented her Royal Highness as 
tbe cause of tbe absence of tbe English, ought then 
to bare been silent ; and not have sought to diflbse 
nijurious suspicions under new fbrois, to hav« it 
believed^ that antipathy on tbe part of her Royal 
Highness, a wish to remove impertinent spies, 
ior the little esteem entertained for her by the 
Englieh, induced her to send them all away from 
ber cxmrt. 

Facts, a sort of proof wbtch is always the most 
decisive, sufficiently answer tbe two first of these 
defamatory toppositione ; and with respect to the 
third, it is absurd. Gould it be oonoeiYed that the 
Bngilish had ceased to love and esteem en tbe 
Continent, a JPrincess, wlio in England -obtained 
Uie sofirages of the whole nai^n ? What then 
«odld be Cbe cause of this removal of the English 
from Iwi*' court? b has been already remarked-^ 
Moiimi oTa perMnal nature, on tbe part of tbe in* 
cbvidvals ii^bo composed her suite : to which Must 
lie added, us tbe greatest of all, the fear of incur- 
ring disregard at tbe court <)f London ; a fear bat 
too weH founded, if tbe siAsoquent situation of the 
.PriDce and Princess of Wales be considered. 
It casmot be doubted, that it was on this ac- 

Ss2 

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506 

comfL 80 few <^ tbe.Eng^lish who < visited Italy 
pcMd.Uieir r^pects to ber Royal HiglifiBsa. ^Goii- 
8<:iaM» of the onftivoarable dispoaittM df 4be 
Prii|ic^ fiegent) they were fearful of tbetitaogeffa, 
by no iDean9 Gbimerical, which ibey might ittour 
by the mos^t simple mark of attentioo to the PrkiH* 
ceaiu ,. 

,Th^ Princess saw the motive of thU resttnrev «mL. 
w^ QOt disposed to resent it ; on the oootrary, shb 
tbOFUght it her duty to receive but a small nuoober 
of those who presented themseive&i She ooold' 
calculate with confidence upon those who sup- 
pprted the national character.; but such was not 
the cas^ with all the English; and she found lier- 
self under the distressing necessity of regarding 
some of them as hired spies. Her suspicions, un- 
fortunately, were too well realized. 

Notwithstanding the departures of the English 
from the suite of her Royal Highness, even. fiO 
late as December, 1815, Jber court, with one :ez- 
caption, namely. Captain Hesse, who, however^ 
belonged to the British army, consisted entiffely.of. 
English persons, and so it. remained till the Ibnsy 
em,issaries set to watch and malign her condsHsty 
hfi,d SQ fan succeeded in their diabolical saadiinB** 
tions, as to leave her Royal Highness a« ollur 
ri^source than to Ibrm a court idmost wA6Uy*6f 
Italians* Her enemies, however^ myeft ceased ^to 
reproach her with that to whicli tti^ir. owa coum 
duct and persecutions had absolutely* driven^iier.^ 
Her Italian court was, nevertheless, by no-means of 



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^njravoti fi/Ji.I'ajc' 



':C®^niriBiSS (DILID2. 






kh 






a^few oML'4lt9grac€€ul notorftj and nUhougk',* wlKI^ 
refiid^nt in the city of Naples^ ali' the person/i^ Wifo! 
grnieraliy fernied her court amf ftoiBehoId dAVHi'^' 
her Ukay ID Italy did tucit cMstantly reside at' her 
hoQse^ it will be >prbper; to prevent repetKidti iij^ 
fMoi^y here to tike Kouie nofttce of those respect^ 
able iDdividuak, and others who subsequeritly' 
pbored that they were any thing bat respectable, 
wfae composed her suite. Besides those already 
flMQlioiied, we have to^ notice several who joined ' 
her' afterwards: 

- ,Tbe Ooaotess Oldiy of' Cremona, a sister of the 
Baron Bergami*s, and a lady reJpeotable for her 
qualities' add misfortanes, was for a long time lady 
of lionoar to her Royal Highness. She afterwards 
rasided with the Qaeen in England*. 

Dr. Mochetti, of Ck)mo, fsrmerly professor of 
botany, agricultureKand aatural. history, the author 
olimaay esteemed prodactioos, ibrniing part of the 
mserde of vanous aeademies, of which he is a mem- 
her^i'^had' tbe boooor to be her physician. This 
giBRlle»Hin'\#as wetl known to the republic of let- 
tm;' by his skill as^ a physician ; and his name, 
whai^ *ia still celebrated in Italy, is not unknown 
. toilov«»gners. He attended her Royal Highness' 
«<iiiki|wtrt of her ti^vefol v '' ^ 

>€tfii/Rdb6rt Hownam, already mehtiobed, a' 
KKUtelMmt ia the al^vy, eame from Enghmd at the 
iiairitatfmi of her Royal* Highness. * He attended 
her as a private secretary ; and is a brave man of 



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A10 

l|ii nceDeDtthamQter^aindddffttedpriiic^es. He 
aifeo remained with the Queen. 

The Count Schavini, of a noble and i^olent 
family of Cremotia, was first k^etry lo her ^xij^al 
Highneea^ He ib as estiinable for his integrityvpf 
ctiaraeter and toitivation of mind, an hr his vioUe 
manners. He also came to Englanjd. 

iPhe yonng W. AuiAin, Knight of Jerusalem, wms 
also her eqtierry* 

, Mr, Louis Bergami {iresided over her hoiiseiioU). 

Mr. Yallotti Bergami, formerly under prefect at 
Ofeaoona^ was comptreller of disbuniementy und 
brother df B. Bergiuni. 

Her Royal Higtees? honoured with her partkiS'- 
4ar oonfidence the Chevalier Temasia, prelect of 
a department under the late jgofernmeat of Italy.. 
Hia intimate knowledge of the beUes4ettr0B» of 
.phiAeaopfay« of politioa, :atatisticfl^ mad pabiic eco- 
nomy , is well known in Italy » by various uaefal 
-work^ which have givea liim a diatingniahed place 
«ltiong. learned men. He thus merited all the ea- 
teeia a»l foooaideration with which he was hoaear- 
ad by hist* Royal HiglmeiEtt ; as did also (the dialm- 
^niabed professors. Count Yoltai and M. Cbofi- 
gtiadiu In the aawne manae^ M. Caveletia, 
formerly equerry to the latte fintpdror Napoleoa, 
land ^be Chevalier Vassali^ attached to %he Qiieen^a 
atltevesi, pemens oT ooaaideration^ bad freqaen^ 
tite laiaoar to attend the iceurt of her Jftoyml 
Haghnem. . ' ; 



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dii 

Her law adviser wai» the advocate M. Joseph 
MarQedy.cyf Milim ; vceH known ip his (wofe^po^ 
She subsequently appointedi as her itaUao advocate 
lUjr.Codazza,. .whose oame we shall have oco^sipp 
a^A ta mentioo farther on. 

Her Royal Highness purchased of the Coimtess 
Pino a pleasaqt casimo^ upon the baok of the ta^ko 
of Comoy at a short distance from that city. '^ A 
delicious clRnate, the surroooding country v^ped 
and beautiful; a kouse, the front, of which ia.di*^ 
rectly upon the lake» gardens which seem almoitt 
suspended in the air, form aliO|pether a scene ctf 
eocbantment** Her Royal Highneas had mi 
avenue of trees planted at her own coLpense^ of 
nearly two miles in length, reaching from Como to 
ber koiise* fienerous and jtplendid in her idoMt 
she formed of the hoose of a private individual a 
royal palace ; peace, ovder, apd harmony feigned 
io her family ; it could scarcely be believed that U 
was t;he court of a great Princess* Many pera^M 
were astonished that she did not receive the nobi- 
lity of tbe neighbouring town ; but her Royal Higbp* 
nessy who, by principle, did not love etiqnettei 
who wished to be at lib^ty, and whose mode, of 
life was always simple, never sooght the society Of 
any noble, at the same time, those who weoe pre-» 
sooted to her. were never ill received* 

She wan accessible to f^li, she was affable ; in kev 
there was no affectation or caprice, she was m}ld. 

• See the snaened pUtf • 

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612 

towards every body ; »be knew not how ta be a 
great Princcfls, except in doing good. Who would 
beli^vey nevertbeleq^, that eren at Gomo^ th^, 
where a part of her money wa« circulated^ and 
iirhere, more than in any other place, her benefi- 
cence' and generosity were exerted-^wfao would 
believe, that even in this town unworthy stories of 
her were handed about, whence they made their 
way more extensively ; that as much itf was. spoken 
of her as she did. good to the inhabitants/ TfaefiK 
are not wanting princes who are extoTled for their 
goodness and popularity; but in them, let us say 
it without circumlocution, it is rather the efiectof 
jpolicy than a natural quality, since, according to 
them, this might derogate from their dignity. Her 
Royal Highness was always the same at all times 
and in all circumstances ; the idea of her greatness 
never betrayed her ; she was in principle, in her 
heart, what perhaps many others are only upon 
calculation and reflection. «• 

- A society of persons of. probity and select, though 
not composed of the ii^'reat ; a table were gaiety 
presided, music, dramatic performances in:her own 
private theatre, walking, riding on horseback;t>r 
10 the carriage, or rowing in a gondola, these were 
the innocent pleasurjcs which she enjoyed tnmqoiUy 
at her casimo^ quitting, it rarely, indeed scarcely 
ever, for the bustle of the town. 

The Italians remarked in the Princess of Watfs 
a cultivated mind, a ready and sure judgment, a 
brilliant imagination, an unvaried gaiety in all her 



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movemebts and in her eoAveraatuMi ; ber graaUfeas 
detracted nothing frqm the lively interest «|iifila 
ber conversation inspired. 

It were easy to cite an in6i|ita series of her giHtA 
deeds, bot the delicate sileiioe ot the be^factreif 
imposed it upon those who were near her as a df^y 
not to mention them. The following fact is,, how*- 
ever, too notoripos net to be inserted here : a hooM 
at Como being on fire, her Royal Highness ifime** 
diately sent 1200 livres ht the assistance of tbf) 
unfortunate victims wlrt) suffered by it. 

This picture may perhaps appear, to those wfae 
are little instructed on tl)e subject, or who am 
prejudiced, partial and exaggerated j bi|t a pK^f^ 
drawn frooa attested facts, and supported by thf 
testimony of a thousand ocular witqesses, canuot 
be suspected, except by those who, like Mallcp 
branche, will not apply their eyes to the telescopq^ 
lest they should see the spots in the sun. 

Her Royal Highness having been abandoned by 
the Bnglish who composed her court, and not liav- 
ing been able to replfice them by others of the same 
tf^tion, finding herself thus insulated, formed i^i 
ItlUian court. The Marquis Counsellor CrhilglieRi 
recommended several ladies to her BcqfmntVtfifi 
and he it was who introduced to her the CountfSSf <)f 
Oldi^ a lady of great merit. In the month of Jm^ 
1815, Dr. Holland also quitted the Princess^ to. 1:9* 
turn to England, there to publish bis travels,, ^ffd 
to see his aged father ; but, as we have alrea^y^jci^ 
fldarked, he afterwards rejoined her. ^ 

22. 3 T 



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514 

It. was a short time after, that an tnfataioaa plot 
ivaH formed against the Princess of Wales, the 
high origin of which it is not difficult to guess. 
Mr. William Burrell, the son of a person of great 
distinction in England, was at Milan at the same 
time with the Princess. Always disposed to have 
English about her, she proposed his remaining with 
her some months ; he consequently accompanied 
her Royal Highness in her journey to Mantua^ 
Bologna, Ferrara, and Venice; but not being dis- 
posed, on account of his health, to undertake a 
long voyage by sea, he left the Princess at Oomo, 
in the month of August, at the house of the Mar- 
chioness Villani, in the Borgo Yico. . One of his 
servants, named White, set himself about circu* 
lating ridiculous and exaggerated stories of what 
passed in the house of her Royal Highness. Mr. 
Burrell went to Brussels ; and it was at the great 
inn in that city that White told these stories of the 
Princess, in the most scandalous and indecent 
manner, to the servants of the Duke and Duchess 
of Cumberland, who were there on their way to 
England. These tales of the servant were related 
to the Court of Pall Mall, and this gave the idea, of 
sending Lord Charles Stewart, brother to Lord 
Castlereagh, to Milan. Lord Charles thought it 
his duty never to make himself known to her Rbyal 
Highness, biit forit^ed a strict friendship with the 
Baron d'Ompteda, a chevalkr of Hanover, and 
formerly ambassador from Jerome Napoleon, king 
of Westphalia, to the court of Vienna. The Baron 



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615 

carried about with him in Italy a mortal chagrin from 
his disgrace: and led on by promiaes, he degraded 
himself to the infamous trade of a spy, and set 
about watching the conduct of the Princess very 
narrowly. Lord Castlcreagh is said to have se- 
conded these plots ^nd cabals^ which date from the 
month of September, 1815. At this time her 
Royal Highness was ready to set out upon the 
journey she had undertaken. 

Her Royal Highness shuddered when, at her 
return to Milan, she learned from the police, that 
^he was surrounded by spies in her own house. 
The Baron d'Ompteda, who was at their head, had^ 
during the absence of the Princess, endeavoured to 
K^orrupt some of the people in her service. They, 
however, all rejected with horror the proposals and 
promises which he mad^ them, with tenders of 
money, to engage them in his enterprise, which 
had for its object to outrage the honour and repu- 
tation of the Princess. Not one of the Italians 
*wete base and treacherous enough to be seduced by 
him ; Maurice Cred^,^ a German, alone yielded 
to the temptation. He undertook to introduce the 
Baron d'Ompteda into the Princess's apartment by 
means of false keys, and it was by a very fortunate 
concurr^ce of circumstances that the plot was 
discovered. Her Royal Highness took the pre- 
traution of dismissing Cred6, under the veil of an 
amorous intrigue in which he had been detected 

* He came to England as a witness against the Queen^ but was 
ncrer called, for obvious reasons. 

3 T 2 



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516 

^fth Anneltei aOertnaii, one of her ^itiofg^ women. 
In hopes of regaining bis place, he revealed , ttie 
wlfole afiair : we shall transeribe here the decbu^a^ 
tioii which he made in writings and which hewnt^ 
in the form of a letter, to the Chevalier Toma^la/ 
to whose good offices he recommended himself i to 
be readmitted into the Princess's favour :-^ 

*' MONSIBUE LB CHBYAUER, 

** I ftddress myself to yoa> Sir^ to obtain the greatest of faToora, 
fi>r which I shall be eternally grateful. I was yeirterday dismissed 
frorti the service of her Royal Highness the Princess of Walei^ 
hf ha?ing iatrigaed with her waiting-woman, Antiette. "this 
event, which has thrown me into the utmost cousternation, ha« 
awakened in my heart a remorse which had agitated me for some 
time, and which I feel the necessity of imparting to you, in the 
hepe that you may interest yourself for me^ and get me to be re- 
ceived again into her Royal Highness's service. 

" I must then confess that I merit my disgrace, since I suffered 
myself to be sednced by a certain Baron, M. d'Ompteda, to be- 
Inty the best of mistresses, and the most generous of Princesses^ 

** It is about a year ago, or about a month before the departare 
of the Prineess, that this baron was to take all possible steps^ 
through the intervention of a certain Ambrose Cesati, who came 
to ColDD, to discover the place where my mistress slept, and to 
•odeaveor toprococe Use keys of her apartment. I peisisied^Atf 
acme time in refusing to have any concern in this plot ; bat nt 
length the Baron's threats, who told me I was a ruined man if I 
did not li*teo to him, together with the money be offered me from 
time^otime, corrupted me, and I was weak enough to accept the 
commisBion, although fiiUy persuaded that there was no founds* 
tion whatever for the Baron's infamous suspicions. * 

** I muit say, nevertheless, with the utmost sineerity, that the 
guilt of my ooiidoct went no fiuther than answering the i^nestioDs 
pat to rae by d'Ompteda in the conferenceji I had with him, in 
which he interrogated me closely opoa the situation of the difie* 
feat apartmeata in the place, as well as coneerniii|^'the persons who 
were abont the Priacess. 



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517 

** Thii, ^i i« ny caa few ioo ; in making it nf heart is instil 
of • weight by nhi^h it was op^eaaed. I addreaa myaelf to a man 
already eatimable forJiia virtues ; and who •nght to feel commise- 
ration for hnman wealcness; whom I therefore sapplioate to obtafh 
my i^ardon from the Princess^ /and net to forsake me at this jn^ 
meni'of calamity. 

*' liave pity, Sir, opoa a unfortanate man, who, knowing bis 
fimlt^ seeks to repair it by repentance, hoping thus to be enabled^ 
tinoogh yowr aid, to reSnm to4he path of honoor. On^n; Siv> 
I place Iny whole reliance. 

" I am, Sir, your very humble Smrvant, 

" MAURIGB CREDE.'' 
'* Como, November 2dAe\%. 

Her Royal Highness judged it proper to inform 
the governor, Count Saurao, of what had passed, 
who iminediately banished the Baron d'Ompteda 
from the states' of his Majesty the EmpercH*. The 
brave English officer, Lieut. Hownam, private 
secretary to the Princess, shocked at the Baron's 
baseness, challenged him to a duel ; but the latter^ 
by different pretences, and by delays, seemed, like , 
a coward, to laugh at the challenge, fixing, by 
turns all the four quarters of the world as the 
place for the rencontre. The history of thin 
thinsactton is curious, and deserves to be giveA 
more in detail. This I cannot do in a better 
manner than by the insertion of the foUawiiig 
letters, which have been published :•*- 

TO M. THE BARON D'OMPTEDA, MILAN. 

. Sir, 

Yon will probably be surprised at my addtesaing to yoo ftam 
Milan, .and mucb mora ao whea you hoar ibe purport of my a» 
rival. U will uodoobtadly, aa it oi^|» shook yoo to find 
your conduct towards lier Royal Higbnesa tho PrincaaaMof ^ 



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518 

hfubeen diseof ered ; and your moil infamous and utmianly retum 
lor every kindnesa yoo hav6*hitlierto recei?«d from her -is about to 
be pabliahed to the world. <As an Engliahman, and as a grateful 
friend, at the service of ber Royal Highness, I volontartly step 
forward to demand satisfoction of you for such viNany, atfd I ex- 
pect you will meet me to-morrow morning, at eight o'clock aft 
Bariassina, (halfway to Como.) there to answer to this sacred 
.charge against your honour, as a gentleman and a man who has 
,ever received tlie most marked hospitatHy at ihe hands of the 
Princess, and who has committed the greatest act of hostility 
against the very fint of virtues. 

(Signed) JOSEPH ROB. UOWNAM. 

Milan, Hotel de Gamharo, Saturday Epemng, 
Jive o'clock, Nov. 2, 1816. 

TO MR. HOWNAM, MILAN. 

^ (Translation.) 

Sir, ^ 

It was indeed with surprise, as you remark, that I received 
your letter. Little accustomed to refuse a challenge, pray believe 
that I readily accept that which yon propose to me, although I am 
too ignorant of the motives, so confidently assigned in your letter, 
for it, to be able to answer them. The discoveries which yon are 
pleased to mention are utterly unknown to roe. With respeet to 
Madame the Princess of Wales, I never gave her cause of ofience ^ 
hospitality, and the laws, of which you declare yourself the cham- 
pion, have not been violated by me. If I did not wholly refuse 
-tlie frequent invitatious with which Madame the Princess conde- 
iKended to honour me, it was rather that I might not appear want* 
ing in the respect due to her rank, and not for the purpose of 
abusing that condescension in a way that would justify you. Sir, 
Uras to address me. On the contrary, I availed myself of it dis- 
creetly, and refused the proffered hononr of accompanying her oa 
her tour, in order to avoid every thing which might lead to deli* 
cate embarrassments. This indeed would require explanation, 
but that I am not disposed to give it you, Sir, after the perempr^ 
tory langnage in which yoo have thought fit to address roe. If 
«p tO'the pvoaent moment, I oogfht to consider the virtue and ho« 
aour of -Bfodame the PriitoeBs, to which your letter alludes, as iu* 
.finitely too far removed fW>m all suspicion to require a combat 



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&10 

bctiiieen joareelf and me, it is for you, Sir, wfao My yoa are her 
frtend, alul under obligations to her, to weigh the oonscqiieiice&of 
so slngaiar a. contest. As, however, confoimably to the iawa of 
Jhociour^ the right to fix the tine and place*of reodez? oos beloo^i 
1o me, and not to yoii» I declare, that, with all the eagerness which 
I feel to give you sa^isliction, yet yoor iacongmous propositioA 
^'meeting yoa to-morrow at eight o'clock, on the high road to 
CpRio, cannot^meet my concurrence ; and, as I suppose thai yoa 
have made yonr aiTangemeota at your leisure, you will think, it 
natural that I should make mine. I therefore name Switzerland 
as a convenient place ; and upon this. subject I will send my se» 
cond, whom I expect from the country. At the same time I invite 
you; since you are pleased to make this a national aflair, akuo.t4 
bring with you a gentleoian of your own country, capable, of tes- 
tifying to whatever may take place -between us. Thej>enBon who 
will appear on my behalf will call upon you in two' days, at the 
latest, at your residence at the Gambaro, at Milau>.or at.Como^ as 
may best suit you. 

(Signed) The fil^ron f RANCIS D'QMPTEDA. 
HotelderEurop€,Milan,N^9v.2, 1816. 

TO M. THE BARON D'OMPTEDA, MILAN. 
Sib, 
I have received your- answer to my letter of this evening, and 
am perfectly obedient to the laws of lionour — and since it is not 
convenient for you to-morrow morning, I shall await at Oomo the 
arrival of your friend (at that town), when, if he will write me a 
note* I will attend to it at any inn he may think proper to name. 
(Signed) JOSEPH ROBERT HOWNAM- 

Saturday Nigii, U o'clock, 2d IVov. 1816. 

TO M. THE COUNT DE COUTENHOVEN. ^HAMBER^- 
LAIN TO HIS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF AUS- 
TRIA, COMMANDANT OF THE ORDER OF MALTA, 
MILAN. 

(Translation.) 

You are right, my dear friend, and I conform to your advice. 

Fix, therefore, the place of rendezvous, and the regulations on 

which I insist. After the frivolous ptovocatton of Mr. Hownara, 

I have most clearly this right, for it is no less fieilser than ridictt- 



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680 

Mftlkalhe km atf rigbi |» atUck im^ unlcm be preeres agfiil^t 
me prteeedingi insuliing towards lb« Prinoessy or falaehooda re- 
apeotiae ber. If iba elevatei) atotion which abe occoptea fixei 
wonW the alleiitioD of Ibe pnblie, il iti aftt i vbo 4irBlk,>o^ 
iMP^iyilar am I nBapoaaibU fi>r UieaiaGM o£ auOexol^pipyi,^ 
lot jail Ibo4o aabajrraaameoto, which aever i»60or but ia proportioa 
aa they are provaked. Aad, if I an ready to answer Mdti (16 
tribunal of boaoar, H wilt not be beoavae Mc. Howaan aloucTbott^ 
poa^ the tribanal, Howevar» I have 4aitber.toi^piaintoita| jaa|^ 
agiMMrt Madaaia the Princess^ nor parlicajar duties to falfil to^ 
warda her. What Mr. H. aays on this subject is as mach misplacM 
aa the apirit of hostility which be impntea tb me. I am Mrtttl 
bnly ia my own defence, and tUa ia the onJy raaaon why IMfff 
ab readily accepted the prapoaitiaa of Mr. H. ; vmk% tharaloiraL 
all the necessary arrangementa. 

(Signed) The Baron F. fyOMtTBWL*^ 

Miim, Nov. 4, 1816. 

TO MR. HOWNAM, VILLA D'BSTE. 

(Translation.) 
Sir. . ; 

Yonr interview wiib my aefsoad not having led to.a prfdae^ 
salty I now inform you, that in consequence of official intii^ations 
which have reached M^ the Governor Goiiut de Saarau, on Iha 4tb 
of thia month, at the Villa d'Este, on the subject of our di«l» ha 
has bound me, by my word of honour^ not to fight with yoi^^^iji)i|r 
in, this country or lis neighbourhood, and I must deparf from 
henca. I have too good aa opiniou of your principles to doabt 
that yon will regret this nnbeard of indiscretion in an ailiif 'If 
honoor, eommittod during the interval af year provp^iAK«9<^^tP 
fight a duel and the arrival j}f my second to concert measons 
accordingly. 

. I shall expect yon at Muiheim, en the dth December. I nbMe 
that place, becauae it affords the facility of paasiag, in thctff^ie 
al one hour, into the territories of four different soveieig|i|.,,^ 
man of honour will not suffer himself to be waited for tbere m 
vainj and woe to him who does not repair thither. You .will* Ran 
me ai Manbeim, on the 6th December, at iha Hotal^rf MseM* 
^aad I «ball alaa look for yon thiere.. To prev^ts aqy •lyuftto^f^tjiff 
will alao find my address at all tlie galea of the town, aa veil as a 



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flirectioa lyruita lb jroii •! tkh pm^vAc^ to rmiiiii Ml called 
for. Yeu will Hkewite irflto to Me, if neoeMArf* * •. t ->) 
(BipM) The B^nk P. d'OM^1!S^A. 

. P. S» The Coviil de Ootitolihovte hu a copy of this' Teltir 'to 
doBfey to yeu. . . . j i M ^ 

^ • ' Td BIS ItXCELLENCY COUNT MUNSTER- . , 
^ (traaslaiion.) . . ,'» .t\ 

Mankeim, Dec. 8, 1816, , 

^' I'turAted here, at If^nlieiin, the first of Dec. the plaee of rei^ 
4ecT0i|i, and lia?e waited^ with roy second, the arrival ofi Mr. 
H- t who haa not made his appearance ! Deprived of alt pre- 
cise intelligence since my departure from Milan, Copnt d4' dot 
Mli^^n has bitten to me by the Milan post^ under date tlie Slat 
ibf Hofetidber, merely stating that he has received a letter, througli 

M. Caraletti, addressed to me by Mr. H , and which he haa 

iMd the extreme thoughtlessness to confide to a travelled to conre^ 
to Ihe, without hating hitherto informl^d me of its pdrport, and 
Ally adltftg-<-<' It appears that courage cools, and that Madame 
Ikriaa itiaiatl that the explanation between Mr. H — ^and myself 
shall take place, if indeed it take place at all, in London f^' 
Meanwhile the advantage is on my side, and, in case of n^ceiTtity 
I alnfll know how to profit of this circumstance, t have also ai 
command the assistonce and testimony of a man sufiitiently well 
^pown in the work), in the person of the General de Teiterborn> 
whose devotion to me is invincible, and oh whom t know i can 
'{tepWnd With confidence. It is by hi«r aid, an ^'without deviating 
(Mil tlie priooiples of the greatest circuitlspection and discretion, 
jlkai^U possible contingencies hav^been anticipatedt and he hh 
ahown infinito Zealand anxiety to he useful to me. Under tHeae 
•ireitntslantes, and not knowing how the afiair in (jue&tron^ooU 
ttettfiNhf^ by yoo, I leave yoor excellency to judge of the plea^ 

jiA^^hlth I exportenoed on the arrival of Captain B , and oti 

fwruiling the contents of his dispatcher; and if, hitherto, I hKVe 
had Uie happiness not to Incur yoirf censnrfe, I beg yon to beftete 
'I'wifr'nirgleAt MofMag in my potter always to show myselfworthy 
j^«ytni» «pttfpbatio<i. 



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fS3S 

t,^l b^ing. M^^ ni pnmat, to <M*r into fwtmlm, tlMH' 
amiu^m^Mlfs MoMMur k Oouiil^ to bndty^mhnamtfym, Hnl' 
it appears to me necessarj still to wait some days tbe arrlHilmtf 
Mr. H/s |et|e^, if indeed it has not miscarried« I «M «iideaio«r, 
for ^lie,ji)QOV^^ to retain. Cspt B. also io the neighboorbood. 
Tbe pViiioipies upon which I have agreed with Gen. Tetterborw^ 
and to which we firmly hold, are,*— that the aflkir between Mr. H. 
and'myielf'is absolutely personal— that, oonseqtiently, tlietnter* 
fteeode bf iny one else, especially of a lady, isHnadmissfbl^ abd 
ndi(Milsiiif--^aiid lliat the right belongs to mi t(/ dictiite the' regu-'^ 
laibna^^Aiidlhe phee of meeting, if I stiotoM stSII consent to 'eoiii^ 
oeds 1h» IfoMur to a man who has failed in hl's rebdezvoos, tit6^ 
hating frifoldusly provoked me. I have also, io justify my con^^ 
tifauance in this country, the pretext of my sister being estabfiiimd^ 
it Darmstadt. In the mean time I hope tliat Mr. H-- — 's tetle^l| 
and some confidential commanicalions, which I expect from dif^' 
ferent quarters^ will enable me to fix my opinion as to certkin 
points, which will regulate my future conduct Finding myself 
once in Germany, it appears that I can scar^ly di^iyisev'wilil 
going as far as Hanover, having, from the fy^U aaiMHiBced tbe 
death of my sister-in-law, at Celte, as one of the motives of my 
jonmey to Germany. I do not speak of the desire I have to see 
my brother, after that sfilicting event, and having, beaide8,^o 
plead the plausible reason of receiving my instrnctions for tbe^ 
mission which the extreme favour of our illustrious master deigna' 
to assign to me, my too sudden return would not fail to let the^ 
public, in some degree, into the secret, and would give rise to in- 
numerable conjectures respecting an afiair which, not having been 
broached here, mbkes me doubly anxious to prevent pubHcity. as 
much as possible. I am consequently delermined« in virtue of the 
latitude of the instructions from your Excellency, and except in 
unforeseen contingencies, to proceed, in about mght days, towards 
Hanover. I shall inform M . the Minister de Bremer of this in 
confidence; aitd I beg your Excellency to address my letlers tA 
him, as, whatever may happen, I shall communicate, from time tp 
time, to M. le Baron de B. my proceedings in general, as i h^ 
tetied to do from tbe moment of my arrival in Germany.. ^ . 

I renew to your Excellency the expression of my heartfelt gra- 
titude for an interest; oP whtdi I have rate ntlyr^ejved' the moat 



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6Sft 

4iiUerilig fVMfc; m$AUw vHk «nlimi4dl rievotimr, aiiri'tftc^tttiftt 
rtiiMNStMalliMiim^at,' Ikai I ihtVi nevar ee««« lobe^'M^ribf^^t^ 

'¥our BiKceMency'B very bumble and very albeAient Siehrant? 

^ The Baron F.cl'OMt^tEiEiA.''^ 

. ,' K » • ; . ' . ' ••■ /•''U'.^\ i.D 

;-:•/■..,.- . .4/ : ;.j}w ji h .V. 

^l^f8.Jk»l cs^nnot lippe, 10{re9li;^e Ibe wi#b I imve l^if^^tom; 
tf(^lied4 to have an inierfi^w ^b yowr Escelleocy l «htli^ aiU 
If^t, have the •i^sfv^tiaii of c^plaioMig m^ffiiir wilh lUiaiaiin 
thf MiaiBt^r de .Bfpm^ ^^ HanoYer (if, iodaed* I fiad bima^il 
q)^^lfted w^lh tb9 ai^ir) as to the difecent beariagaflf^tbiaitraiiaK) 
afl^ion ID gfineral* and with niQr indivAdoal |KMitiQa.Mi..panUfaias|t 
apd vUdi it ia aiito^ly inpoatible bj writiog to ambraoeiifKiallJ 
ita^^^laila. Ciyt.Packbouaei ^ho ii^ on .the point of ae&ttiigloffi 
(of, Pcaakfort^ bega yoa will give directions tbat kia ktiara-mby*-. 
b^ didretaei to l^he care pf M. de Strali^iheim^ of ih^|i aity , ^ 



TO M. THti BARem D'OMPTEDA, HANOVERIAK Mt- 
NBTBtt to tHE HOLY SEE AT ROME. 

. (Translation^) , , 

I Sir, ilft/aii, ilfoy 10. 1817. ., 

If gave ne regret to see, by the letter which yoa did ipetlif,, 
bonoor to addresa to me, that the obacore charactera, by whov^. 
Mad^e the Prinoeaa of Walea haa the miafortone to be anr«. 
rounded, carry their aadaeity ao Aur as to 611 the public papara. 
with ,the groaaeat falfebooda, and even eudeaTour to iptrodiice 
ttlem into the cabinet of hia Holineaa* Altliongh there can be.; 
no^^eobt that reapeetable peraona regard theaoTile fabricatioaf,^ ,^, 
witl^ the contempt tliity deaenre, I ahall, nerertheleaa,, be alwaya; 
fefAf to aaaipt, aa far aa may be requisite, in pablicly refotiag 
t^ero. I aball thus endeavour. to aatisfy not only the aenlim^ntfi 
of friendship and esteem with which yon have inspired roe^ ]»ut^ 
at^^ the respect and consideration which t owe to the sovereign,! 
whoi^A yon aerve. ,^, , 

Accept, Monsieur )e Baron, the assurance of the high consi- 
deration with which I have the honour to be, 
,. .). . Your very bamble, and very obedient Servaat, . . « . « 

(Signed) 8AVRAU. 

8r 2 



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T0[ BIS EXCELLENCY MOMSBlGKBHRiTIIfi COUMT 
HUNSTBR, MINISTeR OF STATER tAKPi OF TUB, 
CABINET OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY, KING OF 
HANOVER. 

(Traoslation.) 

ExCELLBNCy, 

It !• with the deepest and the most heartfelt grief I aniUMince to 
your Excellency that the Baron d'Ompteda, envoy extraordinary 
and romister plenipotentiary of his Majesty the King'of fIanot«r 
to the Holy See, departed this life yesterday, after a very sbofl 
illoess. He carries with him the regrets of the Holy Father, 
mine, and those of the whole capital ; for it is difficalt to say how 
nach he was esteemed and unif ersally loved fbr the qnalities and 
amiability which he possessed. He served hiii Royal HiglineM 
the Prince Regent with unerring zeal and fidelity ; aiid your 8x- 
celiency will have an opportunity of seeing, by the packet wbidi 
he sealed with his own hands a few moments ere he expired, tiiai 
he proved it even to the last moments of his existence. It is not 
necessary for in^ to enter into further obsevvati^^i^oi^ thif.sa|yef|. 
I consider it a^ ^ real misforUuve that hii ^a^ t^ ^Vf^V^ ^ termi* 
nate the affairs of the negocia^ion with which he was charged at 
Rome. I deplore also his death as that of a friend, for he was 
personally much attached to me, as I was to him. I roust repeat 
to your Excellency, that his Holiness has felt his loss as much 
as myself, for he greatly esteemed and loved him. Bat yte must 
bow to the decrees of Providence. I cannot omit fo be^';four 
Eitcellency to lay my humble respects at the 'tel of his- Royal 
Highness M onseigneur the Prince Regent ; and I fii^l^r beg your 
Excellency will permit me to reiterate to you ike assaranee of the 
very distinguished consideration with which 

I have the honour to be,« 
Your Excellency's most devoted and obedient Swvanl, 

(Signed) HERCULE, Cardinal Gonsalvi. 

Rome, Maff 17, 1S19. 

This event jastifies bat too mach thg systepi 
of ctrcamspectioQ which her Royal Highness 
thought proper to adopt witb respeel to tbe Eog- 
\U% fbeiG^rfKians, and olMrs who might be about 



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h#r. Undmr such- cinBOMtineeft,: pnnkQee'ihM 
nhahded that she should not allow aqy Efi^Nsh nr 
foreigners, but those who were koown to hec» acoete* ^ 
toi her boase, Waa it Bot» besides, a great indigv 
mty thai they should seek thus to watob theactiont 
of a Princess, through the base medium of the 
i]|Mt iaOiiiiQlis spyism ? Her conduct, flrank and 
wi|Mi( i^ystery, was ahave all reproaoh ) o£ thia 
tb^§e who bad the honoqr of being about her are 
Ht^\ Hm (bithful witoesiM. 

AfUMr this faito.1 affmr» her Royal Highness coiiU; 
t\H ht)t^ susp^cfc every one who was unknown to' 
hef of being a triEiitor; and her qiind, naturally ao 
ftMk md confiding, must, have suffered estrenely 
Uy sneh curonmspection ;< she dtd. not, howevief,; 
depy access to any body, bat she would aV6id> 
l:t^g the object of those scandalous stories, b{ tbiit 
cyilaoiny, of the apyisun, of which she had alread]^ 
been the Tictiai. . The -events which had taken: 
pMkf^ g^VQ her reasou to apprehend even dgi^ei^ 
cpoducji towards h^r than being surrouaded by 
spifs^ The eagerqese oi. the Baron d^Ompteda to 
k^i^ ^he situation of her chagober, and to preoiv^- 
faj;^^ kf^ys q( it, fur^i^b^d gr^Mind for su^picieAayet* 
mpre t,errihle. 

rA fact whicli toQM pUo^ 4t; QeA0a< b^ars.alL the* 
impression of en inteo^ to murder rather tUani 
W«iy. tf^.rQb, Some ii^dividwetlei armed, iatnv; 
4m«*4 ^beWP^Uefc dwr'wg the Diglhti into thaiBriivI 
ce|^'&hoi)Sf^ a|94 eF.ep pen«Amted sq for asito beH 
l»it«J»TO)rei;..; Tbf W)iw they wadJe.a^swfaavliw 

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526 

servadtey aiiiong;8t whom was the inffmoai TbfO|* 
A6h 'llCajdchi, whose history t shall develop iq a 
Aitiire page of these Memoirs. The real pr/prje^ 
tehtl^d ihteyes made their escape, and it remaiu^ 
Mlf 'unknown who these people mi^ht be, or whffi 
nilkllt be tlietr intention. ^. ^ r 

* Baron Otdipteda died, as we mc), .10 tke^fef^A 
l8i#/ tie bad a brother, a few years ago, residli^j 
M Katon Street, Pimlico, at t^e honse of a y^ra^ 
dear relation of the author of ^these MaQ^q^l^f) 
fibld of this brothiBA*'8 nataral disposition, as far^ iitr 
least, as respect for the female sex is concerne^r: 
there was nothing very amiable in his chara9t^, 
nor enviable in his heart ; for this man was a com^ 
plete woman-hater. He had one man * servant,, 
and was waited upon, occasionally, by the female 
servants of the house ; but his aversion to the $^x 
gi^nerally, was intolerable. He was punctual and 
honoorable in his pecuniary concerns, but of a most, 
sti^ange and mysierioos temper and dis|>Qsitioo^ 
scarcely ever stirring out of ddors before dark, ap4f 
almost always visited by persons of distinction $11^- 
cognito. His name, if I remember rightv 'vaai 
Ofiristopher — ^the notorious Ompteda' had not ^^9l{i 
Christian name, or there are some reasoi^s for sopni 
posing him to have been the same person^ T .^VA-^ 
ineifined to think, however, that these were 1^^^. 
peMons, as the man t have just spoken, of nffid^jtq] 
bii visited by another, whom he calM ,hM bf;c^^rer. 
Biit ho matter, the name of Ompteda wiji )^ :jgb'* 
nbhymoQS with that of spy'M long fisj the biiitory.i 



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627 

ofuaroline, Qween pf Eng^d^^lidl .wm^j,^ ^^ 
tanl' ; for it is utterly impoa^ble tip ^xcalpat|,j^^ 
BSrWfTOm t^^ guilt of haying acted iUj^nRg^jf:^ 
ifi^diiig ckfflLC\tj ov?r the conduct; o^J^ff,\^^f^ 
#igWs» during her residence op tbe (^^^^iijjtj^jij 
In the detaib of the trial, as if has beejKi f ojlj^i^a^^ 
hiir Majesty/ ^ich wiU hereafter form, a iqost^r^ 
nVbeiit portiod of ihe present yrprk, I .^M^^^^/f; 
rj(|>eated occasion^ to show the part which .«3q^;c^ 
OAt^ieda took ih the shameful persecuUon^ th^t> 
Intve' beset and harassed the life of Que^n C^-t 

^Tu connection with this portion of the QuejBn's 
Memoirs, we may here mention a fact thgt; miide 
considerable noise at the time it was first mad^ 
known to the world. 

One day, about the latter end of the yeai: 18^14,. 
and during the residence of the Princess of Waletit 
ai Naples, Count . Maceroni, whose name I have^ 
fthready introduced to the reader's notice, wfus 
witlking along the Strada di Chiaja, in compfj[iy 
wHh the late General Montague Mathew, and. an 
Bnjgflish nobleman; they met a person unknown, |ho> 
tftfc'€!onnt, but who, as the General and nobleif^j 
infl/flned him, was Mr. Quentin, brother to .th^^. 
c<)ffonei of the 10th hussars, and that he held somf^j 
aitfltttion or other in the household of the Pri^, 
Bltgtnt. Oto Oeti^t Mathew's questioning;, lyi§y 
asWtKe ohject of his journey, he answered,, ^]¥J{^ 
soitfe r^^arrassment, that he was sent to .IP^^i^)^^, 
b^'^ihi *rbyal 'master to purchase horses. Every 



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5^ 

-f«ta; to ^itfir llid Frhic^r or- «lij<'<«tM»a|fiHi 
«K>i^ ever'tlretttki of 'sertdin^ !(«ft(l>* ftWB l B w| |l«i > l 
idblj tb purchase horses^ ' l!1f)# ri«««AtN^ittsiMti% 
excited certain BttspiciooB in the lUiotis of li^wd 
of ihe distin^bbej Eti^HsIttiM^'fhl6ii[^4t«|> At 
I!irftl(>l«i, wljich th«y itttttierti!ttely«Wlki«ifhMiliiift 
liet' ftoyid Hi^hneM the'PHiiee8tr'«fKWa)t»;»«lM( 
hoV^ver, treated the tnatter %4f% ^^tfinl^lttM^wnil 
ih the mlftnwhile Oount MaceyfarftifHrBftrA* ilwltii^ 
rity we have no reason to dispble)- b|i«ltlftf(itfeiA 
teqtiadit the King of Naplei «f= thlfc tievV'-ttMiMi 
fogctber with the opinidnaf^ e«terMin#d'b<PiHi« Mif- 
jed;. His Majesty imnldAAtely winiiaMldddi'^bb 
Minister of Police to ascertain ^triite^Hf^MfA 
w«re bought, or even lodbed td, irf' Mfr<^MM)ii^ 
afid he moreoveif cumiimanded the Dok^dMliftHfiL 
. romatia, bis master of the horae, to Heiltf td'liqaerfjr 
to Mr. Qaentih, wbo should tak« filtn Uttbot^'iilib 
royal stables. It resulted fnom^Mte («MWdhi#a0f 
the police that Mr. ^ucntin did' not- pMHuMtdD* 
appear to dream of purcba^ng, iuafniAo^ 4kq|iiii 
horse : and althoagh the equerryv iMi;'^blv4Bmit 
believed, was tbe Cavalier Carafifa, alitWeiaf|ii|i% 
atud of beaatifal horses, ' which he pti^a^l^ in- 
formed him woold be either sold or f ivwt<Hlili a » 
facilitate the execotion of his oomddilion,4«Vq^}d 
not be made to give the least sifin&flk^pf6p^0Mf 
for horse-flesh. The Ring of Tta^p»lfc rtwrf o mt 
maiided Count Maceroni tO srigtfffyl'itflDirwinlblfb 

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439 

thO/F^noiii itf .W#l^ tin* Aoj^ldl th^ prewapepf 
||jr«4l^|eQli9^]por ac^ -^Uier mipposed ag^ent of j^er- 
jN^ffocoUm^ occasion to 4ier Bojal Highness (h^ 
lMil^iAAbnij|f6 or diflpleasura,. be would immediateiy. 
ffd^ ttMf'kfiing escorted beyond the Neapolitan. 
lirMtier: 

L On a subject which entirely referred to her R^y^l 
Highnesa's personal and private feelings/ Count 
Maoeroni thought it most proper for him to com-* 
itHmioate through iheanediom of one of her con- 
fidostial attendants, and accordingly he delivered 
Ms massage to Dr* Holland, her Royal Highnesses 
physician. It moreover accidentally happened 
that a similar message from the King had just pre* 
vtoualy been delivered to her Royal Highness by a 
British peer, to whom, as well as to Maceroni, she 
retorned for answer, that she felt perfectly indif- 
ferent to the proceedings of the persons who, she 
was weU aware, would be employed to scrutinize! 
bar conduot, which, open to the observation of all; 
.CouM laevari with impunity, be misrepresented. 
She added, 'as was said by a British king, in allud- 
ing to the reparted presence of the Pretender in 
liaiidon, <^When he has looked about him, and 
aiMtiaaed himself, he'll take his departure.** This 
ia fact, was the case with Mr. Quentin, for he was 
aMB no more in^ Naples. 

o Count Maceroni, as an aide-de-Cftmp to^ the 
King of Naples, in the habit of daily approaching 
Ins person, aad having been frequently honoured 
witkt invitations to the Princess of WaWs table 
». ' 3 X ' 



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MO 

1fbd!l!i^mttg l»itftil[^^ tbrteiliiy hadfk tknihtil^ ^, 
^Qtffty for obserf atioti ; and it is.aMsrtol by 
%tMif 'g€Mle^n that her conduct waa moat ex^ 
fH%tyJ*^l^o Prinoebs^*' says the Ceoat^cfttr 
^^ItttlKd "Wfrbao Avell cotinbined aflybilil^ aiid toadfif- 
Mkrtirioti with the reserve and dignity appertaiamg 
SB- B^ station."*: . ^ 

^'> lyb": Cbartto Q the dnfy %rotfa«t <»f IM- 

fodel CNeMil^ wh^ holds a riiMHak in the i«^ 
dRmi^hiM, hM, in. the public prmtSi atftserted ttlU 
^ neVef went to .Naples a* a spy open ^ tbtift 
Fhifioe^ (^ Walea, and that b^ wa^ in Engind te 
Heoembet, ISlA^t.. This gentleman, however, kfls 
not stated wbethet* aity brother of his and the C^ 
loners^ not b$ldf{gmg te tike royal hinmholdi Was it 
N4(rfes at thb tiniQ alluded to. , 

: We have now seen with what deteroiined tesl 
iirfd qaalignity ibia amiable Priticesa was parsuedriy 
hat .Enemies ; and; as wa piiss along in these Me* 
ilkbif%^ we shall ha#e atiti greater reaiaon to exchMi 
tkbt.>never was any in^vidnal persecuted witK'^ 
Madh mpeouir; 6r on^ who merited it less! : 

Butting thf^ i^i^ience of her Royal Hightoessat 
Nafleai she retaatined for aome liaie at a fMitUA 
bonse, bitnated on 'the Riviera di Chis^a; Nd^f- 
terwaAls 9he 'remcfVed to a mansion more suited to 

e.i; "^ - , ■ » , III I » I ll I II. I J H H I 11 i .y ' ' 

^/,*^Sec the IVwei journal of July 13lli> 1820. frpm wfctch t^e 
\i^pioj^9if,UfMi9at is extracted^ jput of a letter written by F.Jkbr* 
*j.f^Onu ' ' * ' \ ' ,4 

l^'^.;y^ In M, Mao^iom^ letter thert waa a misprint in a iSkiiS 
^ ui^ad (>f>>. which occfisloQed some cQntr9v^rsy m ^the 1^^^ 
Journals of the day. 



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6ai 

citjf* MthU^ place 9he wjojred tb^ ^^P^^yfifii^ 

iHWry Bngtish p^rson^ge ^f raiik<«t tfaxt time re«^ 
.^pirt in that purj^of jtaJj. H^r^iw^ iyw/)BSI|jjV^ 
partly ia eotert^iiif^entti of variotjig^ k%n^ yf^iw 
dUtiDguisbed visiters, in reading) a^d^ u^.yie^^i^g 
th« ijurious, wqrks pif ancienjl; ^rl;, ..with viicfr^hat 
\iMiighlMHirhpod ao rich^ alioands. For tJi>if)mi|T 
;P;w^a|^p..(nad^.fr^uent visits to the surr^qbdiog 
4pwns and .viilag:es» and was particularly inte^es^ 
.iptl^yeraing.tbe ruined aiid sunk street of ]^oiiipfi|« 
OQce a great and riqh town, which, after Jy jng 
dgbt^en centuries in a deep grave, is again par* 
^i^lly enlightened by the rays of the .puo, f^pd. 
stands amidst other cities, ms much a stranger m 
^oy one pf its. former inhabitants would a^iong bii 
descendants of the present d^y. This town ^las 
not its equal in the. whole world. PompeU i^.dif* 
iant from Naples about ten £nglish a^les ; aoji ip 
jthis retreiit her Royal Highness would fre^uenl^ 
devote whole days exaipining tbe rei](i^ii)i| 9^ ^^ 
and in refteotjons on that awful visitation of^ro- 
lUM^^ofC^ whicb so